Presentation1 ege

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Presentation1 ege

  1. 1. BASKETBALL™ Kristin May C. Ege
  2. 2. Brief History  Born in the Ontario village of Almonte in 1861, James Naismith was a hardworking athlete who excelled at many sports, and who chafed when the long Canadian winter kept him from playing outdoors, resulting in added pounds and lost strength.  Naismith moved to Massachusetts, where he taught physical education at a small Christian college. The winter weather of New England was no better than that of Ontario, but the school had an assembly hall with moveable benches and a hardwood floor. Naismith concocted a game suited to the room’s high ceiling and rectangular plan, a game that combined elements of soccer, football, hockey, and baseball and that emphasized teamwork and friendly, nonviolent competition. Naismith’s invention made use of a regulation soccer ball that, instead of being kicked, was bounced or passed by hand from one end of the room to the other and launched into a peach basket hung at either end—which gave the new game its name, basketball. Kristin May C. Ege
  3. 3. Basic Rules, Concepts, Court Layout, and Player Positions  Basketball is a team sport. Two teams of five players each try to score by shooting a ball through a hoop elevated 10 feet above the ground. The game is played on a rectangular floor called the court, and there is a hoop at each end. The court is divided into two main sections by the midcourt line. If the offensive team puts the ball into play behind the mid-court line, it has ten seconds to get the ball over the mid-court line. If it doesn't, then the defense gets the ball. Once the offensive team gets the ball over the mid-court line, it can no longer have possession of the ball in the area in back of the line. If it does, the defense is awarded the ball. Court Layout Kristin May C. Ege
  4. 4. Player Positions Kristin May C. Ege
  5. 5.      Point guard - This player is typically the best dribbler and passer on the team. The point guard is sometimes called the floor general, which indicates the key role that the point guard plays. Shooting guard - The shooting guard, also called the two guard, is typically a team's best outside shooter on the team. This player flanks the point guard and moves around the court to try to create some space to take a shot that is uncontested by the opposition. Power forward - The power forward is usually near the basket and moves from one side of the basket to the other to try to get free from the opposition player that is guarding him. Power forwards also are skilled rebounders. Small forward - The small forward is typically a better outside shooter than a power forward and is usually smaller than a power forward. Center - Traditionally, the center is the tallest player on the team. The center's role is to establish a position near the basket to allow him/herself an easy jump shot. On defense, the center attempts to block shots and grab rebounds. Who’s who? Kristin May C. Ege
  6. 6. Personal fouls: Personal fouls include any type of illegal physical contact: Kristin May C. Ege
  7. 7.  Walking/Traveling. Taking more than 'a step and a half' without dribbling the ball is traveling. Moving your pivot foot once you've stopped dribbling is traveling.  Carrying/palming. When a player dribbles the ball with his hand too far to the side of or, sometimes, even under the ball.  Double Dribble. Dribbling the ball with both hands on the ball at the same time or picking up the dribble and then dribbling again is a double dribble.  Held ball. Occasionally, two or more opposing players will gain possession of the ball at the same time. In order to avoid a prolonged and/or violent tussle, the referee stops the action and awards the ball to one team or the other on a rotating basis.  Goaltending. If a defensive player interferes with a shot while it's on the way down toward the basket, while it's on the way up toward the basket after having touched the backboard, or while it's in the cylinder above the rim, it's goaltending and the shot counts. If committed by an offensive player, it's a violation and the ball is awarded to the opposing team for a throw-in.  Backcourt violation. Once the offense has brought the ball across the mid-court line, they cannot go back across the line during possession.  Time restrictions. A player passing the ball inbounds has five seconds to pass the ball. If he does not, then the ball is awarded to the other team. Kristin May C. Ege
  8. 8. Hand signals Kristin May C. Ege
  9. 9. The sport of basketball is known as a fun past time for any person young or old. Basketball is a great way of exercise and a great way to have fun with friends and possibly make some new ones. Basketball: It’s not just a sport Kristin May C. Ege
  10. 10. Kristin May C. Ege

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