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Mahabharata

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Mahabharata

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Mahabharata

  1. 1. Mahabhara ta Prepared by: BALLESTEROL, Kristine T. IV-10 BSE ENGLISH
  2. 2. Race descended from King Bharata, who was the son of Dushyanta and Shakuntalâ. Mahâ means great, and Bhârata means the descendants of Bharata, from whom India has derived its name, Bhârata. Mahabharata means Great India, or the story of the great descendants of Bharata.
  3. 3. VEDA VYASA or Krishna Dvaipāyana Central and revered figure in most Hindu traditions. - Veda Vyāsa, the one who classified the Vedas into four parts. - Krishna Dvaipāyana, referring to his complexion and birthplace. Reincarnation of God Vishnu. Vyāsa is also considered to be one of the seven Chiranjivins (long lived, or immortals), who are still in existence according to general Hindu belief.
  4. 4. Vyasa gave to the world the divine epic of the Mahabharata He meditated on Brahma, the Creator, who manifested himself before him. Brahma said that Vyasa should go ask and beg Ganapati to be his amanuensis.
  5. 5. Selected Genealogy
  6. 6. Characters Satyavati -Queen of the Kuru king Shantanu of Hastinapur and the great-grandmother of the Pandava and Kaurava princes. - Mother Vyasa - Due to the smell emanating from her body she was known as Matsyagandha ("She who has the smell of fish")
  7. 7. Satyavati -As a young woman Satyavati met the wandering rishi (sage) Parashara, who fathered her son Vyasa out of wedlock. The sage also gave her a musky fragrance, which earned her names like Yojanagandha ("She whose fragrance is spread for a yojana (8-9 miles)") and Gandhavati ("fragrant one") - Later King Shantanu, captivated by her fragrance and beauty, fell in love with Satyavati. She was allowed to marry the Emperor Shantanu.
  8. 8. Parasara -Parasara grew attached to Satyavati, and desired to perform coitus with her. But Satyavati was terrified of him and gave an excuse that there were many people present on either sides of the Yamuna. So Parasara Muni, with his mystic power, created a dense sheet of mist around the boat. He then took her to an island on the Yamuna and in due course, they had a son, by name Vyāsa. But Parashara's wandering ascetic life did not suit Satyavati, and the couple separated.
  9. 9. Vyasa - Father of Dhritarashtra and Pandu - He gave the sacred story of Mahabharata to the world. Shantanu -A Kuru king of Hastinapura. He was a descendant of the Bharata race, of the lunar dynasty and the ancestor of the Pandavas and the Kauravas. -Captivated by the fragrance of Satyavati -He became the wife of Satyavati -Father of Bhishma
  10. 10. Dhritarashtra -Eldest son of Vyasa -Was born blind -King of Hastinapura -Married to Gandhari -Father of Duryodhana
  11. 11. Pandu -Younger brother of Dhritarashtra -King of Hastinapura before Dhritarashra -Father of the Padavas -Married to Kunti and Madri -Commited a crime and was forced to renounce his title as a king. -Lived in the forest with his wives.
  12. 12. Yudhisthira -the eldest son of King Pandu and Queen Kunti, was king of Indraprastha and later of Hastinapura(Kuru). For his piety, he was known as Dharmaraja (which may be translated as either 'righteous king' or 'king of dharma'). He was the leader of the successful Pandava side in the Kurukshetra War. At the end of the epic, he ascended to heaven along with his four brothers.
  13. 13. Yudhisthira -the eldest son of King Pandu and Queen Kunti, was king of Indraprastha and later of Hastinapura(Kuru). For his piety, he was known as Dharmaraja (which may be translated as either 'righteous king' or 'king of dharma'). He was the leader of the successful Pandava side in the Kurukshetra War. At the end of the epic, he ascended to heaven along with his four brothers.
  14. 14. Arjuna was considered the finest archer and a peerless warrior
  15. 15. Kurukshestra War

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