Open Access. It's not a choice. It's a mandate


Published on

Scholarly publishers are receiving strong signals from funders and governments that they must make publicly-funded research freely available to read and reuse. And beyond open access, open data, reproducibility, improving the article and user engagement are the next steps towards transforming science.

Published in: Education, Technology
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Open Access. It's not a choice. It's a mandate

  1. 1. Transforming  Research  Communica2ons  Kristen Fisher RatanSSP Annual Meeting6 June 2013PLOS  
  2. 2. The  Dithering:  2005-­‐2060  From  UN  announcement  of  climate  change  un;l  the  fall  into  crisis.  These  were  wasted  years  The  Crisis:  2060-­‐2130  Perfect  storm  of  global  problems,  temperature  rising,  food  shortages,  mass  ex;nc;ons  
  3. 3. “How  they  despised  the  genera;ons  of  the  Dithering,  who  had  heedlessly  pushed  the  climate  into  a  change  with  an  unstoppable  momentum”  -­‐2312  3  
  4. 4. POLICY    Na#ons,  Funders  &  Ins#tu#ons    Adop#ng  Open  Access  Policies  4  
  5. 5. Growth  of  Open  Access  Archiving  More  Funders  &  Ins2tu2ons  Mandate  Open  Access  to  Published  Research  5  ROARMAP:  Registry  of  Open  Access  Repositories  Mandatory  Archiving  Policies  
  6. 6. U.S.  Increases  Open  Access  Mandates  Affirms  Public  Right  to  Access  publically-­‐funded  research  6  NIH  First  open  access  mandate  for  a  major    public  U.S.  funding  agency  (2008)  •  Mandates  open  access  within  12  months    of  publica;on,  established  by  CongressWHITE  HOUSE  Mandates  agencies  •  Define  Open  Access  within  6  months  •  Manuscript  availability  by  12  months    aTer  publica;on    •  Set  policy  for  data  availability  (2013)  CONGRESS  Considers  Expanded  Open  Access  legislaMon    •  FRPAA  (Federal  Research  Public  Access  Act)    (2006,  2009,  2012)  •  FASTR  (Fair  Access  to  Science  and  Technology  Research)  (2013)    
  7. 7. U.K.  Funds  Open  Access  £17  Million  to  Cover  Publica2on  Charges  7  RCUK Designates £17 millionin 2013 to pay open access APCs viablock grants to research organisationsFinch  Report  recommendsopen access publishing forpublicly funded research (2012)RCUK  Updates Open Access Policy•  Prefers immediate open access with maximumopportunity for re-use•  Policy supports both ‘Gold’ and ‘Green’ OpenAccess (2012)
  8. 8. 8  Open  Access  Becomes  Global  Policy  Governments  &  InsMtuMons    Adopt  OA    policies  European  Commission  Research  Councils  UK  World  Bank  Wellcome  NIH  Medical  Research  Council  UNESCO  Howard  Hughes  Medical  Center  MacArthur  Founda;on    CERN  and  more...      UniversiMes  Adopt  OA    policies  Harvard  BYU      Columbia  Duke  MIT  UCSF  University  of  Kansas  Princeton  Emory    Arizona  State  Boston  University  Caltech  Oregon  State  University  of  Pennsylvania  Purdue  Wake  Forest  and  more…    
  9. 9. More  Open  Access  Policies  Worldwide    Mandates  emerge  for  access  to  research  9  Map:  
  10. 10.  It’s  not  a  choice  It’s  a  mandate  10  
  11. 11. OPEN  ACCESS      11  
  12. 12. What is open access ?Free,  immediate  access  online  Unrestricted  distribu;on  and  re-­‐use    Author  retains  rights  to  acribu;on  Papers  are  immediately  deposited    -­‐Bethesda  Principles,  April  2003  
  13. 13. Open access tells you about•  Method  of  dissemina;on  •  Whether  you  can  reuse  the  informa;on  •  Whether  the  ar;cle  is  archived  
  14. 14. Open access does not tell you about•  The scope of the journal•  The quality of the journal•  The language of the journal•  The review process of the journal•  The acceptance criteria of the journal•  The business model of the journal
  15. 15. HowOpenIsIt?  Not  all  Open  Access  is  created  equal  15  Open  Access  Spectrum    •  Recognizes  6  components  that  define  open  access  publica;ons  •  Defines  what  makes  a  journal  more  open  vs.  less  open  •  Invites  informed  decisions  about  where  to  publish    A  collabora2on  among:  
  16. 16. HowOpenIsIt?  16  ReaderRightsFees to read all articlesSubscription, membership, etc.… Free readership immediately uponpublicationReuseRightsNo reuse rights beyond fair use/limitations & exceptions tocopyright (all rights reserved ©)… Generous reuse and remixing rights(e.g., CC BY license)Copyrights Publisher holds copyright. Noauthor reuse of publishedversion beyond fair use… Author holds copyrightNo restrictionsAuthorPostingRightsAuthor may not post anyversions to repositories orwebsites… Author may post any versionto any repository or websiteAutomaticPosting(e.g. PubMed)No automatic posting in third-party repositories… Journals make articles automaticallyavailable in trusted third-partyrepositories immediately upon publicationMachineReadabilityNot available in machine-readable format: article full text /metadata… Community machine-readablestandard formats for article full text,metadata, citations, & data(community standard API or protocol)
  17. 17. MOMENTUM      Global  Adop#on  of  Open  Access  17  
  18. 18. 18  SubstanMal  Growth  for  Open  Access  Publishing  
  19. 19. Open  Access  Publishing  Expands  8,817  peer-­‐reviewed  open  access    journals  registered  by  2013  19  Map:  Journal  count  (March  2013):  
  20. 20. 20  More  Open  Access  Journals  Each  Year  Over  1000  new  2tles  each  year-­‐  since  2010      Data:  www.doaj.orgGraph:­‐good-­‐year-­‐for-­‐Open  Access/
  21. 21. 21  Total  ar2cles  accessible  online    Online-­‐only  journals  with  APC  SubstanMal  Growth  in  ArMcle  Volume  Over  340,000  Open  Access  Ar2cles  published  in  2011  Laakso  and  Björk  (2012)  BMC  Medicine,  10:124  doi:10.1186/1741-­‐7015-­‐10-­‐1241å  Online-­‐only  journals  with  no  APC  Subscrip2on  journals  with  online  open  access  content  
  22. 22. PLOS  ONE  And  the  rise  of  the  Megajournal      Global  adop#on  of  Open  Access  22  
  23. 23. PLOS ONE’s Key Innovation: the editorial process23 •  Editorial criteria•  Scientifically rigorous•  Ethical•  Properly reported•  Conclusions supported by the data•  Editors and reviewers do not ask•  How important is the work?•  Which is the relevant audience?•  Everything that deserves to be published, will be published•  Therefore the journal is not artificially limited in size•  Use online tools to sort and filter scholarly content after publication,not before
  24. 24. 24 PublicaMons  by  PLOS  ONE  per  quarter  since  launch  01000200030004000500060007000Q107Q207Q307Q407Q108Q208Q308Q408Q109Q209Q309Q409Q110Q210Q310Q410Q111Q211Q311Q411Q112Q212Q312
  25. 25. Subsequent  launches  
  26. 26. OPTIONS  Global  adop#on  of  Open  Access  26  
  27. 27. Ways  to  “do”  OA  Launch a Journal Flip a JournalMegajournal Hybrid
  28. 28. BEYOND  OA    Global  adop#on  of  Open  Access  28  
  29. 29. 1.  Open  Access  2.  Speed  3.  Smart  Content  4.  Wide  Distribu;on  5.  Reproducibility  6.  Engagement  7.  Repor;ng  Seven  Deadlies  1.  Paywalls  2.  Endless  revisions  3.  Dumbing  down  content  4.  Hoarding  5.  Closed  or  lost  data  6.  Ignoring  7.  No  metrics  Seven  Virtues  
  30. 30. 1.  Open:  Don’t  Restrict  Flow  Freely  available  Publish  all  good  science  Publish  early,  micropubs    
  31. 31. 2.  Speed:  Shepard  papers  rapidly  Quick  Turnaround  Times  Improving  Peer  Review  Leveraging  Technology  
  32. 32. 3.  Smart  Content:  Tell  the  Story  in  New  Ways  New  media  Context,  Background,  ATerwards  Nega;ve  Results  Enrichment,  seman;cs  
  33. 33. 4.  Disseminate  Well  Improve  Portability  Improve  Granularity  LOCKSS+  
  34. 34. Figure  or  data  viewers,  tools  Mining  op;ons,  nanopubs  Re-­‐use  tools  5.  Reproducibility:  Let  it  all  hang  out  All  data  open  and  discoverable  
  35. 35. 6.  Encourage  Engagement  Commen;ng  Impor;ng/distribu;ng  conversa;ons  Building  iden;ty  and  reputa;on  
  36. 36. 7.  Metrics:  Tracking  AbenMon  Ar;cle-­‐level  Metrics  Sub-­‐ar;cle  metrics  Beyond  the  Ar;cle  
  37. 37. Doing  it  for  themselves  
  38. 38. 40  
  39. 39.