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Classification of living things


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Classification of living things

  2. 2. • There are billions of known species of organisms.• New organisms are still being found and identified.
  3. 3. • CLASSIFICATION: is the organization of living things into groups based on their similarities so that it is easier to study them.• TAXONOMY: The scientific study of how living things are classified is called Taxonomy.• TAXONOMISTS: Scientists that identify and name organisms.
  4. 4. CLASSIFICATION GROUPS• Kingdom King• Phylum Philip• Class Came• Order Over• Family For• Genus Gooseberry• Species Soup
  5. 5. Confusion in using different languages in naming
  6. 6. Latin names are understood by all Taxonomists
  7. 7. Carolus Linnaeus (1707- 1778)• Called the Father of Taxonomy• Developed the modern naming system• BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE : Two word name (Genus and species)• Latin or Greek• Italicized in print• Capitalize Genus but not species
  8. 8. • The International Code for Binomial Nomenclature contains the rules for naming organisms.• All names must be approved by International Naming Congresses to prevent duplicates.
  9. 9. American Robin Turdus migratorius
  10. 10. Using the classification system• TAXONOMIC KEY: is a series of paired statements that describe the physical characteristics of different organisms.