DIFFERENT TYPES OF GLASSES
There are 12 different types of glasses mainly used in construction
.Laminated glass is a type of safety glass that
holds together when shattered.
.In the event of breaking, it is held in place by an
interlayer, typically of polyvinyl butyral (PVB),
between its two or more layers of glass.
.The interlayer keeps the layers of glass bonded
even when broken, and its high strength prevents
the glass from breaking up into large sharp pieces.
.This produces a characteristic "spider web"
cracking pattern when the impact is not enough to
completely pierce the glass.
Toughened or tempered glass is glass that
has been processed by controlled thermal
or chemical treatments.
It has increased strength compared with
normal glass and will usually shatter into
small fragments, rather than sharp
shards, when broken.
Tempered glass is strong, has enhanced
thermal resistance, and breaks into small
cuboid fragments rather than irregular
shards of glass and therefore is less likely
to cause injury.
Fused glass is a term used to describe glass that has
been fired (heat-processed) in a kiln at a range of
high temperatures from 593º C (1100ºF) to 816º C
There are 3 main distinctions for temperature
application and the resulting effect on the glass.
Fused glass consists mainly of silica.
While the precise origins of glass fusing techniques
are not known with certainty
A mirror is an object with a surface that has good
specular reflection; that is, it is smooth enough to
form an image.
The most familiar type of mirror is the plane mirror,
which has a flat surface.
Curved mirrors are also used, to produce magnified
or demagnified images or focus light or simply distort
the reflected image.Mirrors are most commonly used
for personal grooming, decoration, and architecture.
Mirrors are also used in scientific apparatus such as
telescopes and lasers, cameras, and industrial
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Etching refers to the technique of
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Float glass is a sheet of glass made
by floating molten glass on a bed of
This method gives the sheet
uniform thickness and very flat
surfaces. Modern windows are
made from float glass.
Most float glass is soda-lime glass,
but relatively minor quantities of
specialty borosilicate and flat panel
display glass are also produced
using the float glass process.
As a material the term stained glass generally refers
to glass that has been coloured by adding metallic
salts during its manufacture.
The coloured glass is crafted into stained glass
windows in which small pieces of glass are arranged
to form patterns or pictures, held together
(traditionally) by strips of lead and supported by a
Painted details and yellow stain are often used to
enhance the design.
The term stained glass is also applied to windows in
which all the colours have been painted onto the
glass and then annealed in a furnace.
Beveled glass is usually made by taking one-quarter
inch-thick clear glass and creating a one-inch bevel on
one side around the entire periphery.
These bevels act as prisms in the sunlight creating an
interesting color diffraction which both highlights the
glasswork and provides a spectrum of colors which
would ordinarily be absent in clear float glass.
"Beveled glass" can be obtained as clusters which are
arranged to create a specific design.
These can vary from simple three or four piece
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Casting is a manufacturing process by which a liquid
material is (usually) poured into a mold, which contains
a hollow cavity of the desired shape, and then allowed to
The solid casting is then ejected or broken out to
complete the process.
Casting may be used to form hot liquid metals or various
materials that cold set after mixing of components (such
as epoxies, concrete, plaster and clay).
Casting is most often used for making complex shapes
that would be otherwise difficult or uneconomical to
make by other methods.