High technology farming
What is high-technology farming?
High-tech farming mainly refers to agricultural methods using the latest
technology, like hydroponics and aerophonics. That is to say growing veggies in
water or in the air only, without the use of soil. And there’s also orchid farms and
ornamental fish. It’s also called agrotechnology here.
There are minimal physical inputs to the system, but it is capital intensive since
large capital outlay is required to buy specialized equipment, maintenance,
training of labour etc. It’s also a commercial farming system, farmers invest in
them both for local and export markets; technical know-how is a must, for
example, for hydrophonics computers are used to monitor; it is labour-intensive
because of the training of lab technicians, scientists, chemists and farm-hands; it
uses farming technology to increase yields; it has high output and market value
because the so-called hygienic (usually pesticide-free) conditions appeal to all
health-conscious people out there who don't mind paying more; it is dependent
on research and development. Like growing temperate vegetables in a tropical
climate, or genetic engineering developing disease-resistant plants with nice
colours, or transgenic animals.
Characteristics of high-technology farming
It’s the use of science and technology to direct and enhance farming operations.
Development of crop varieties to resist pests and diseases and to increase
yields. Use of weather monitoring systems and selection of crop varieties to
match the specific weather conditions they report. Use of machinery to enable
one man to do more work than 50 men used to do. Using satellite navigation and
UAV equipment to direct and observe crops.
Advantages of high-technology farming
Various Agriculture production techniques elaborate to avoid pesticides and
synthetic fertilizers. The line of conduct of organic breeding techniques is to
improve the health state of herd, increase its fruitfulness and its longevity and to
take care of its well-being. This relies on simple principles of common sense: a
varied and healthy organic feeding, breeding conditions without stress
Disadvantages of high technology farming
High-tech farming not only requires a sufficient amount of professional
manpower, the equipment and processing of the high-tech farming is expensive
and tedious. The various types of chemicals and pesticides are dangerous and
harmful to the humans. A recent study has proved that the rise of diseases like
cancer, alzimers etc. are due to the regular usage of high tech foods.