Makarajyothi 2011 page 201-250

Krishnanath Venkataraman
Krishnanath VenkataramanChief Operating Officer

Part #5 Makarajyothi 2011, Theme based Souvenir published in connection with Makaravilakku festival of Thamaramkulangara Sree Dharmasastha Temple, Tripunithura, Kerala, India Publisher: Thamaramkulangara Ayyappa Seva Samithy www.thamara.net

Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011



            s∑md h√ßn the
                               Atim-I≥, s∑md tZiw




s√n-bm-ºXn amae Xs‚ taep≈                    F√m h¿jhpw aow 20-˛v BtLm-jn-°p∂p
s√n-°p-fØn ae-bn-t∑¬
At√ o IpSn-sIm≠p temtI-izco]mln              s∑m-dthe; sFXnlyw t£{X-am-lmflyw
                                                    -
s√n-°pfw hmgp-aw-_ntI
                                                    s∑m-d, h√-ßn, hnØ--t»-cn, Abn-eq¿,
tXSn-h∂ IpS-I-c-m-b¿X≥                       Xncp-h-gn-bmSv F∂o 5 tZi-߃ sImS-I-c-mSv
IqsS-tbm-e-∏p-d-tØdn o                       F∂mWv Adn-b-s∏-´n-cp-∂-Xv. sImS-I-c-m-Sns‚ `c-
mSp ImWp-hm≥ h∂p s∑m-d-bn¬                  W-Ø-e-hm-bn-cp∂ sImS-Ic mb¿Xd-hm-´n¬
IqSn-tbmcp `K-hXn ]mlnamw                     henb {]Xm-]n-bpw, i‡-pw, a{¥-hm-Zn-bp-amb
                                              Hcp tZho`‡≥, `K-h-Xnsb `Pn®v {]Xy-£-am-
tIc-fØn-IØpw, ]pdØpw Adn-bs∏-Sp∂ s∑md
     -      - -              -                °p-hm≥ s√n-bm-ºXn ae-bn-ep≈ s√n-°p-f-Øn-
h√- ß n- t he atlm- ’ hw BtLm- j n- ° p∂      ae F∂ h-hn-`m-K-Øn-te°v t]mhp-I-bpw, tZhn-
{io s√n-°p-f-ßc `K-h-Xn-t£{Xw ]Xn-m-bn-c-   sb `Pn®v Imew Ign-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. HSphn¬
߃°v im¥nbpw a:kam- [ m-  hpw {]Zmw        tZhn {]Xy-£-s∏´v Ap-{K-ln®v m´n-te°v aS-
sNøp∂p. Ncn-{X-{]-kn-≤amb s∑md h√-ßn-the
                      -                       ßp-hm≥ n¿t±iw ¬Ip-I-bp-ap-≠m-bn. tZhn-


                                         - 201 -
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011

bpsS B⁄ inc-   m- h -
ln®v B `‡≥ bm{X-Xn-
cn®v s∑m-d-bn¬ FØp-I-
bpw, aq∏n¬mb¿ hoSnv
kao- ] - a p≈ tImX- I p- f -
Øn¬ Xs‚ k¥-X-k-l-
Nm- c n- b mb IpSbpw h®v
Ipfn-°p-hm-n-dßn. Ipfn-I-
gn™v IpS- s b- S p- ° p- h m-
mbn {ian-®-t∏mƒ IpS-sb-
Sp-°p-hm-≥ Ign-bmsX hcp-
Ibpw sNbvXp.
      AjvS-aw-Key{]iv-
Øn-eqsS IpS-bn-cp∂ ÿe-
Øp-Xs∂ tZhn IpSn-sIm-
≈p- h m≥ B{K- l n- ° p- ∂ -
Xmbn Adn-bp-hm≥ Ign-™p. A[nIw Xma-kn-bm-              °msX aow 20-˛v BWv the BtLm-jn-°p-∂-
sX- X s∂ `‡- P -  - ß - f psS kl- I - c - W - Ø m¬   Xv. ]g-a-°m¿ ]d-bp-∂-X-p-k-cn®v c≠p Imc-W-
tZhnsb aq∏n¬mb¿ hoSnv kao]w IpSn-bn-cp-             ß-fmhmw CXnp ]n∂n¬. 1. aow 20-˛v Bbn-cn-
Øn. ]n∂oSv `‡-PßfpsS kuI-cym¿∞w C∂v
                   - - -                              °Ww s√n-°p-f-Øn-bΩ s√n-bm-ºXn ae-bn¬
ImWp∂ s√n-°p-f-ßc t£{X-Øn-te°v am‰n                  n∂pw sImS-Ic a∂s‚ IpS-∏p-dØv h∂-sX∂pw
{]Xn-jvTn-°p-I-bp-ap-≠m-bn.                           2. tImX-Ip-f-Ønp kao-]-ap≈ t£{X-Øn¬
                                                      n∂pw C∂p ÿnXn-sN-øp∂ t£{X-Øn-te°v
the sFXnlyw                                           am‰n {]Xn-jvTn®Xv aow 20-˛v s∂pw Bbn-cn-
     a‰v t£t{Xm-’-h-ß-fn¬ n∂pw hyXy-kvX-             °-Ww.
ambn mfnttbm, kw{I-a-tØtbm Bkv]-Z-am-                    `‡-]cn-]m-eØn-pw, ZpjvSn-{K-lØn-pw-
                                                               -      - -                -   -
                                                                       th≠n AtIw Akp- c sc
                                                                       n{K- l n- ° p- h m≥ AtIw
                                                                       Ah- X m- c - ß ƒ ssIs°m≠
                                                                       tZhn-bpsS ZmcnI n{K-l-Øn-
                                                                       p-tijw `‡sc ]cn-]m-en-
                                                                       °p∂ tZhok¶-ev]-Øn-emWv
                                                                       tZhnsb Bcm-[n-°p-∂-Xv.
                                                                             tZh-tem-IsØ-bpw, tZh-
                                                                                      -
                                                                       ∑m-sc-bpw, Xm]-k-∑m-scbpw
                                                                       AXy¥w hnd-∏n®v sIme-sN-
                                                                       bvXp-sIm-≠n-cp∂ Zmcn-Im-kp-
                                                                       cs‚ D]- { Zhw kln- ° - h -
                                                                       ømsX tZh-∑m¿ {Xnaq¿Øn-
                                                                       Isf A`bw {]m]n-°p-I-bpw,


                                                 - 203 -
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011

XXv-k-abw `K-hm≥ {io]-c-ta-iz-cs‚ Xr°-Æn¬               aow 9˛v s∑md a∂-Øpw, th´-bvs°mcp
n∂pw D{K-cq-]n-Wn-bmbn tZhn ]nd-°p-Ibpw, Zmcn-   aI≥ t£{X-Ønepw sImSn-acw (sIm-Sn-°q-d) m´n
Im-kp-cs n{K-ln-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. (kv{Xo-Iƒ       XpS¿∂p≈ 9 Zn-ß-fnepw IWym¿ sIm≠m-Sp-
aqew am{Xta Xs‚ acWw kw`-hn-°mhq F∂               ∂p. ]®-ap-f-bn¬ Iºv Xd®v hfbw sh®v Ad-fn-
hcw Zmcn-I≥ tSn-bn-cp-∂p.)                       ]q-°-fm¬ Ae-¶-cn® IpΩm´n hnhn[ `mK-Øp-
      aow 1˛v the Iqd-bn´p Ign-™m¬ 1 apX¬       n∂pw FØn s∑mdaμØv kwK-an®v tZhnsb
21-˛hsc t£{X-Øn¬ Ifw-]m´v SØp-∂p. aow 7
    -                                             kvXpXn®v ]mSn ths´-bvs°mcp aI≥ t£{X-
apX¬ iothen sIm≠m-Sp-∂p. the BtLm-jn-             Øn¬ sN∂v B¿∏p-hn-fn-tbmsS Ah-km-n-°p-
°p∂ aow 20-˛v apt∂mSn-bmbn Ht´sd [¿Ωm-[n-       ∂p. aow 18-˛v Icn-the sIm≠m-Sp-∂p. ZmcnI
jvTn-Xhpw, `‡n-n¿`-chp-amb NS-ßp-Iƒ CcptZi-
      -                -                          n{K-l-Øn¬ k¥p-jvSn-]q≠ `‡¿ tZhn-bpsS
ß-fnepw (s-∑m-d˛h√ßn) sIm≠m-Sp-∂p.
                  -- - -                          kl-Nm-cn-I-fmb `qX-K-W-ß-tfmsSm∏w B¿Øp-
                                                  √-kn-°p∂ coXn-bn-emWv Icn-the sIm≠m-Sp-∂-
                                                  Xv. aow 19-˛v D{K-cq-]n-Wn-bmb tZhn-bpsS tIm]w
                                                  ian-∏n-°p-hm≥ inh`qX-K-W-߃, Ejo-iz-c-∑m¿
                                                  F∂n-h¿ h∂v tZhnsb {]oXn-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xns‚
                                                  {]Xo-Iam-bn, cp{Zm-£am-ebpw, hni-dn-bp-ambn Ejo-
                                                          -               -  -
                                                  iz-c-∑m-cpsS thj-Øn¬ FØp-∂p. Cu c≠p Zn-
                                                  ß-fnepw tZi-a-μw, aq∏n¬ mb¿, ths´-bvs°m-
                                                  cp-a-I≥ t£{Xw, ]m´-amfn `hw F∂n-hn-S-ß-
                                                  fn¬ nd-]d sNmcn-bp-∂p. ap≥Im-e-ß-fn¬ F√m
                                                  NS-ßp-Iƒ°pw tZhn-bpsS {]Xn-]p-cp-j-mb shfn-
                                                  ®-∏m-Sns‚ tXrXzw CXn-p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.
                                                        aow 20-˛v s√n-bm-º-Xn-a-e-bpsS Xmgvhc-
                                                  bn¬ Ccp tZi-ß-fnepw X¶-Øn-S-tº‰n AWn-n-
                                                  c-°p∂ KP-ho-c-∑m-cp-sSbpw, Xmf-ta-f-ß-fpsS AI-
                                                  º-Sn-tbm-Sp-IqSn t£{X-k-hn-[-Øn¬ FØp-I-bpw,
                                                  XmXvIm-en-I-ambn {]tXyIw D≠m-°nb sshZypXn
                                                  Zo]m-ew-Ir-X-amb ]¥-en¬ AWn-n-c°pIbpw
                                                  sNøp-∂p. Btcm-Ky-]-c-amb a’cw Cu ]¥-¬
                                                  n¿Ωm-W-Øn¬ S-°p-∂p. XnS-tº-dnb KP-ho-c-
                                                  tm-sSm∏w a‰v KP-ho-c-∑m¿ tZhnsb {]Z-£nWw
                                                  sh®p Ign- ™ m¬ h¿Æ- i - _ - f - a mb Icn- a -
                                                  cp∂p{]tbmKw Ccp- t Z- i - ß - f nepw S- ° p- ∂ p.
                                                  XpS¿∂v cm{Xn-th-ebpw CtX-]Sn S-°p-∂p. Hmtcm
                                                  h¿j-ßfnepw AXmXp tZi-ßfn-se BtLmjw
                                                          -                       -
                                                  Kw`o-cam-°p-hm≥ Btcm-Ky-Icamb a’-cw, tZi-
                                                        -                     - -
                                                  ß-fn¬ tZi-hm-kn-Iƒ {]I-Sn-∏n-°p-∂p.
                                                      BtLmjthf-I-fn¬ tZi-ß-fn¬ S-°p∂
                                                  ]m≠n- t a- f - Ø n- e pw, ]©- h m- Z y- Ø nepw, tIc- f -
                                                  Ønse {]ikvXcmb Iem-Im-c-∑m¿ AWn-n-c-
                                                  °p-∂p. hntZ-i-ß-fn¬ tPmen-sN-øp∂ tZi-hm-kn-


                                             - 205 -
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011

Iƒ tZhn-bpsS amam-¶-
Øn¬ ]¶p- s Im- ≈ p-
hm≥ m´n¬ FØp-
hm≥ {]tXyIw {ian-
°p-∂p.
       ]mc-º-cy-hpw,
ss]Xr-I-hpw, q‰m-≠p-
Iƒ ]g-°hpap≈ the
         -
atlm-’-hw, KP-ho-c-
∑m- c psS AI- º - S n-
tbmsS AXmXp tZi-a-
μ-ß-fn¬ Xncn-s®Øn
XnSºv Cd-°p∂tXmsS
D’hØnv kam-]w
Ipdn-°p∂p ˛ ho≠pw
ASpØ the atlm-
’-hsØ hc-th¬°p-
hm≥.
      tIc-f-Ønse
tIƒhn- t I´ KP- h o- c -
∑msc AWn-n-c-Øp-∂-
Xn¬ Ccp-tZ-i-ßfpw hmin-tb-dnb a’cw S-Øp-                  ImWn-Isf hnkva-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-hn[w Icna-
∂p-. KP-cm-P≥ Kpcp-hm-bq¿ tIi-h≥, Kpcp-hm-bq¿     cp- ∂ p- { ]- t bmKw Hcp°p- ∂ - X n¬ s∑m- d - t Ziw
]fl-m-`-≥ XpS-ßnb KP-ho-c-∑m¿ A-h-[n-Imew        {]tXyIw {i≤- s Im- S p- ° m- d p- ≠ v . tIc- f - Ø n¬
s∑md tZi-Øn-p-th≠n `K-h-Xn-bpsS tImew           G‰hpw A[nIw Icn-a-cp∂v {]tbmKw S-Øp-∂Xv
                                                  s∑md h√-ßn-tZiw Xs∂-bm-Wv.
G‰n-bn-´p-≠v. Ct∏mƒ 10 sIm√ambn tIƒhn-tI´
sX®n-t°m´vImhv cma-N-{μ≥ `K-h-Xn-bpsS tImew             AXn-ep]cn s∑m-d-tZiw Ign™ ]Øp
hln-°p-∂Xv X߃°njvS-s∏´ KP-ho-c-∑msc              h¿j-Øn-te-sd-bmbn Icn-a-cp∂v {]tbmKw S-Øp-
In´p-∂-Xn-p-th≠n ]e-t∏mgpw h≥Xp-IIƒ CXn-         ∂Xv tZi-Øns‚ kz¥w DS-a-ÿ-X-bn-ep≈ 21
p-th≠n Nne-hm-°p-∂p-≠v.                          G°¿ ÿe-Øp-X-s∂-bm-Wv. Cu IrXyw-n¿h-
                                                  ln-°p-∂-Xn-p-th≠n tZi-Ønse F√m AwK-ß-
     B-bpsS Imcy-Øn-te-Xp-t]mse Xs∂-             fpw,     s∑md       tZi- Ø ns‚     Overseas
bmWv taf-Ønv ]©-hm-Zyw, Xmb-º-I, F∂n-h-          Association Dubai˛bpw hfsc √ coXn-bn¬ klm-
bpsS Imcy-hpw.                                    bn-®ph-cp-∂p.




                  Atim-I≥ : ap≥ tPmbn‚v sk{I-´-dn, s∑m-d-tZiw



                                             - 207 -
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011



               Xncp-am‘mwIp∂v]qcw
                                    ]n. kn. Ac-hn-μ≥
        Nnc-]p-cm-X--Imew                                                       B≠n¬ Hs´√m
apX¬ tIc- f - Ø n¬                                                      amk-ßfnepw {ioXn-cp-am-
                                                                                   -
{]kn-≤ßfmb aq∂p `{Z-
           - -                                                          ‘mw-Ip-∂n¬ D’-h-ß-
Im-fo-t£-{X-ß-fm-Wp-≈-                                                  fp-s≠-¶nepw ao-am-k-
Xv; Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dnse                                                 Ønse                   aI- b ncw
{io]--b-m¿°mhv `{Zm-                                                  mƒsXm´v ]Xn-sm∂p
t£-{Xhpw, sIm®n-bnse                                                    Zn- ß ƒ o≠p-  n¬
{iosIm-Sp-ß-√q¿ Ipcpw-                                                  °p∂ ]qc- a mWv Chn-
_- t £- { Xhpw, ae- _ m-                                                SpsØ atlm- ’ - h w.
dnse {ioXn- c p- a m- ‘ mw-                                             cmP- I o- b - a mb {]uVn
Ip∂v `K-hXo-t£-{X-hpw.
                -                                                       bpw Xm{¥n-I-n-jvTbpw
h≈p-h-m-Sns‚ Bÿm-                                                      BNm-c∏gabpw Bp-Im-
                                                                                  - - -
- a m- b n- c p∂ sh≈m- ´ -                                             en- I - s ∏m- e n- a - b p- s a√mw
ßmSn AYhm Ct∏m-                                                         tafn- ° p∂ {ioXn- c p- a m-
gsØ ae- ∏ pdw Pn√-                                                      ‘mw- I p- ∂ n- e - Ω - b psS
bnse Aßm-Sn-∏p-d-Øm-                                                    Cu Xncp-hp-’hw h≈p-
Wv {ioXncp-am-‘mw-Ip-∂n-                                                h-m-Sns‚ tZio-tbm-’-
eΩ hncm- P n- ° p- ∂ - X v .                                            h-amWv; amam-¶atlm-’-  - -
{ioa- l m- ` m- K - h XØn¬                                              h-amWv!
{]Io¿Øn-°-s∏´ {ioam-                                                           ]qcm--tLm-j-Ønv
‘m-Xmhv F∂ kqcy-hw-                                                     mμn-Ip-dn-°p-∂Xv [p-
i-P-mb cmP¿jn-bm¬                                                      am-k-Ønse ap∏-´p-sNm-
{]Xn-jvTn-X-amb inh-enw-                                                Δm-gvNbm-Wv. A∂v amXr-
                                                                                -
K- a mWv {ioaq- e - ÿ m-  -                                            im-e-bn-tebpw {ioaq-e-
sØ-¶nepw, k]vX-am-Xr-°-tfm-sSmØv amXr-im-e-     ÿm--tØbpw AØm-g-∏q-P-Iƒ°p-tijw {ioaq-
bn¬ hS-t°m-´-`n-ap-J-ambn hnf-ßp∂ {ioXn-cp-     e-ÿm-Øn-∂`n-ap-Jambn "Imhp-Sbm-b¿' hnf°v
                                                         -     -    -             - -
am‘mwIp∂n-e-Ω-bpsS t]cn-em-Wv t£{Xw Adn-        sXfn-bn-°p-∂p. h≈p-h-m-´p-Ic henb h√-`-cm-
b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. tIc-f-ØnseØs∂ G‰hpw henb          Pm-hn-s‚bpw m´p-{]-am-Wn-I-fp-tSbpw ÿmn-I-fp-
`{Z-Im-fo-Zm-cp-_nw-_-amWv ChnsS F∂v kqNn-∏n-   tSbpw ASn-b-¥-c-°m-cp-tSbpw a‰pw km∂n-[y-Øn-
®p-sIm-≈-s´. temI-am-Xm-hmb Cu tZhn tIc-f-      emWv Cu I¿Ωw. "]qcw Ipdn-°p-I-bt√' F∂v
Ønse G‰hpw ]pcm-X--cm-P-hw-i-amb h≈p-h-cm-     h≈q-t°m-m-Xncn tNmZn-°p-Ibpw "AsX' F∂v
P-hw-i-Øns‚ ]c-tZ-h-X-bm-Wv. h≈p-h-m-Sns‚      Iq´w kΩ-X-a-cp-fp-Ibpw sNøp∂ NS-ßm-Wn-Xv.
Bflm-`n-amw kwc-£n-°m≥ mhm-a-W-∏p-dsØ          ]qcw-Ip-dn-°m-p≈ Xocp-am-am-bm¬ CXns‚ hnfw-
                                                                           -
amam-¶-a-tlm-’-h-ß-fn¬ hoc-ar-Xyp-h-cn® Nmth-   _-csa-t∂mWw ]nt‰-Zn-hkw k‘y°v Iotg-Samb
                                                    -                                      -
dp-I-fn-eqsS tIcf Ncn-{X-Ønse Hcp kph¿Æm-       tht´-°-c≥Im-hn¬ n∂pw aq∂v BNm-c-sh-Sn-Iƒ
≤ymbw IqSn-bm-Wv {ioXn-cp-am-‘mw-Ip-∂v.         apg-ßpw. Nne -h¿j-ß-fn¬ bp≤-`o-j-Wn, hcƒ®,


                                           - 209 -
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011

alm-hym-[n-Iƒ F∂n-Xym-Zn-I-fm¬ Hcp’-hsØ           m´n-bn-cp-∂-Xv. tZisØ s]cp-h-Æm≥ kap-Zm-b-
Dƒs°m- ≈ m≥ tZiw k÷- a m- h p- ∂ n- s √- ¶ n¬,    Øn¬s∏-´h¿ ]qX-∑m-cpsS thjw-sI´n msSßpw
                                                             -
At∂-Zn-hkw Xocp-am--Øn-p-tijw amXr-im-e-        Xp≈n--S∂v ]qcm-K-aw Adn-bn-°p-∂p. ]qc-Ønv
bn¬n∂pw `K-h-Xn-bpsS XnSºv ]pd-sØ-gp-∂-          Ggp-mƒapºv ip≤n-I-e-ihpw tlmam-Zn-I¿Ω-
≈n®v aq∂p-cp -t£-{Xw-h-ew-sh®v amXr-im-e-bn-te-   ßfpw kam-cw-`n-°p-∂p.
°p-Xs∂ B-bn-°p-∂p. As°m√w ]ns∂ ]qc-                   hriv-NnIw H∂nv "Iqd-am-‰p∂' Ifw-]m´v
ap-≠m-hn-√, Cu k‘y-mthe am{Xtabp≠m-hq.            Imew-Iq-Sp-∂Xv ]Ømw ]qc-tØm-sS-bm-Wv. Ah-
sIm√-h¿jw 1058-˛¬ Xos∏´ a¶S hen-b-X-ºp-           km tLmj-∏m-´mb "tcmln-Wn-∏m´v' khn-ti-
cms‚ `c-W-Imew apX¬ F√m-h¿jhpw ]qc-am-            j-amWv. ]nt‰-∂mWv {ioXn-cp-am‘mwIp∂n-e-Ω-
tLm-jn-°m≥ Xocp-am--am-sb-¶nepw, B ]gb NS-       bpsS ]qcw-]p-d-∏mSv'.
ßns‚ kvac-W-°mbn C∂pw k‘y-th-e-∏m´v S-
°p-∂p. HcpIm-e-Øv amam-¶w-t]mse ]{¥≠p                   {_m“-ap-lq¿Ø-Øn¬Øs∂ t£{Xhpw
kwh-’-c-߃ IqSp-tºm-gmWv ]qcw sIm≠m-Sn-           X´-Ihpw DW-cp-∂p. Xncp-ap‰w `‡-Pßfm¬ nd-
bn-cp-∂-X-s{X. ]qc-am-tLm-jn-°mØ 11 h¿j-          ™p-I-hn-bp-∂p. cmhnse 8 aWn-tbm-Sp-IqSn IqØ-
                                                  º-e-Øn¬ ßym¿Iq-Øv Ac-tß-dp-∂p. XpS¿∂v
߃°v Hmtcm ]qcw F∂ ne-bn¬ {ioXn-cp-am-
                                                  NmIym-cpsS IqØp-]p-d-∏m-Spw. At∏m-tgbv°pw
‘mw-Ip∂v ]qcw 11 Znh-kam-bXpw Aßn-s-bs{X!
                       -
                                                  ae-b≥Ip´nbpw kwLhpw AΩ-°p≈ ImgvN-
       ]qc-Ønv amk-߃ apºp-Xs∂ ]qc-∏-dºv         °mbp-am-sb-Øp-∂p. Xncp-ap-‰Øv ]qX-߃ sI´n-
tee-hpw -a‰pw sN≠-sIm´n mSns‚ mm-`m-K-         bm-Sp-∂p. ]Øp-aWn-tbmsS ]¥o-cSn-∏q-P°p-tijw
                                                                 -                -    -
ß-fn¬ Adn-bn-°p∂ k{º-Zmbw GXmpw Zim-             amXr-im-e-bn¬ ]pd-∏mSv ]qP. XpS¿∂v BZy-
_vZ-߃ apºp-hsc ne-n-∂n-cp-∂p. tZisØ            B-dm-´n-mbn AΩ amXr-imebn¬n∂pw hS-t°-
aqØm-»m-cn-bpsS tXr-Xz-Øn¬ n›-bn-°p∂            _-en-°¬∏p-c-hgn Fgp-∂-≈p-∂p. _en-°¬∏pc-
ip`-ap-lq¿Ø-Øn-emWv ]qc-∏¥ens‚ I∂n-°m¬
                         - -                      bpsS {]th-i-∏-Sn-bn¬ sh®v AΩ°v Nmth¿`-
                                                                         S-∑m-cpsS BNm-c-h-μ-w.
                                                                         XpS¿∂v AΩ AWn-
                                                                         s™m- c p- ß nb KP- c m-
                                                                         Ps‚ apI-fn-te-°v. Ien-
                                                                         sIm-≈p∂ tIma-c-Øm-
                                                                         ∑m¿, IXn--sh-Sn-sbm-®-
                                                                         Iƒ, "AtΩ- i - c Ww'
                                                                         F∂ a{¥-hp-ambn Iq∏p-
                                                                         ssI-I-fp-ambn `‡-k-l-
                                                                         {k- ß ƒ. h√- ` - c m- P m- h n-
                                                                         s‚bpw, kma-¥-∑m-cp-tS-
                                                                         bpw, Icp- h - ® q¿aq-   v,
                                                                         aÆm¿°mSp aq∏n¬m-
                                                                         b¿ XpS-ßnb m´p-{]-am-
                                                                         Wn-I-fp-tSbpw a‰pw AI-
                                                                         º-Sn-tbmsS t£{Xw Hcp
                                                                         {]Z-£nWw sh®v temI-
                                                                         am-Xmhv BZysØ Bdm-
                                                                         ´n-  mbn sIm´n- b n- d - ß p-


                                             - 210 -
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011

∂p. sImSn- t Xm- c - W - ß -
fpsS h¿Æ-s∏m-en-abpw
hmZy-ta-fßfpsS Xmf-s∏-
           - -
cp∏pw Cg-tN-cp-∂, cmP-
Iob ]cn-thjw hnfn-t®m-
Xp∂, Cu Bdm-s´-gp-∂-
≈-Ønv km£ywhln-
°m≥ h≈p- h -  m- ´ nse
B_m-ehr≤w P-ßfpw
         -
Cu Ip∂n≥ap- I - f n¬
kwK-an-°p-∂p.
       Bdm-´n-s-gp-∂-
≈p∂ AΩsb apJw-
]m¿°m≥ I√p-]m-e-Øn-
-°sc ImgvN-°p-S-I-fp-
ambn P∑w sNdp-a-°-fpw,
]d-°m-fIfp-ambn ]d-bk-
         - -           -
ap-Zm-b-°m-cpw, ]qXw-sI´n
s]cp-h-Æm-∑mcpw, i¶-c-m-b-Sn-bp-ambn ]mW-cp-               sshIp-t∂cw Hm´≥Xp-≈tem-Sp-IqSn t£{X-
                                                                                  -
sa√mw HØptN¿∂n-´p-≠m-hpw. B-∏p-dØp-n-∂p-  -        Xn-cp-ap‰w ho≠p-ap-W-cp-∂p. k‘y-tbmsS mZ-kz-
an- d ßn AΩ Bdm- ´ p- I - S hn- t e- ° v . ]pWymlw   c-tk-hbpw Xmb-º-I-bpw. Zo]m-cm-[--°p-tijw
Ign™v a™fpw Ip¶p-ahpamSn AΩ hmZy-ta-fm-              t£{X-]m-ep apºn¬ ]mT-Iw. ]m´p-sIm-´n-en¬
I-º-Sn-tbmsS Bdm-Sp-∂p. Cu thf-bn¬ {_m“-             Ap-jvTm--I-e-bmb mep-]m-Zw.
Wn-b-Ω-∏m-´p-ap-≠m-hpw. Bdm´p]qP-bpsS BcXn
Bhm-ln®pw, AΩ BSnb a™fpw Ip¶p-ahpw                          tIfn, sImºp- ] ‰v F∂n- h - I - g n- ™ m¬
{]km-Z-ambn Nm¿Ønbpw, `‡-P--߃ n¿hr-               cm{Xn-bm-dm-´n-p≈ Hcp°-am-bn. ]I¬∏q-c-Øn-s-
Xn-b-S-bp-∂p.                                        ∂-t]mse amXr-im-e-bn¬n∂pw hS-t°--S-hgn
                                                     Cdßn t£{Xw Hcphpcp- h-ew-sh®v ]¥-ß-fpsS
     Cn AΩ-bpsS sIm´n-°-b-‰-am-Wv. ]Øp-
                                                     {]Im-i-Øn¬ sIm´n-bn-d-°w. ]Øp--S-bn-se-Øn-
S Ib-dn-h-cp∂ AΩsb Bc-Xn-bp-gn™pw Acn-
                                                     bm¬ IS-hn--°sc Kw`o-c- I-cn-a-cp∂p{]tbm-K-ap-
sb-dn™pw "ASn-Iƒ' hc-th¬°p-∂p. Xncp-ap-‰Øv
                                                     ≠v. BIm-i-Øn¬ i_vZ, h¿Æ hnkva-b-߃
nd-®p-sh-∏pap≠v! XpS¿∂v hS-t°--S-bnepw alm-
tZ-hs‚ S-bnepw {ioaq-e-ÿm-Øpw ]©m-cn-ta-           Xo¿Øv AΩ Bdm-´p-I-S-hn-te-°v. cm{Xn-bm-dm-´nv
f-tØmsS Hcp {]Z-jn-Ww. ]n∂oSv mZ-kz-c-{]-Z-         Ip¶p-a-am-Sm-dn-√ F∂-sXm-gn-®m¬ an°-hmdpw ]I-
£n-Whpw hew-X-esIm´n H‰s®≠ {]Z-jn-W-hpw.
                  --                                 em-dm-´ns‚ NS-ßp-Iƒ Xs∂-bmWv cm{Xn-bm-dm-´n-
B-∏p-d-Øp-n-∂p-an-dßn, AΩ me-º-e-Øn-              pw. cm{Xn sIm´n-°-b-‰-Ønp≈ ]m≠n-tafw
te°pw amXr-im-e-bn-te°pw Xncn-s®-gp-∂-≈p-∂p.         khn-ti-j-X-bm-Wv. sIm´n-°-bdn aq∂p {]Z-jn-W-
                                                     tijw amXr-im-e-bn-te-°v. ]ns∂ AØm-g-∏q-P.
      amXr-im-e-bn-se-Øn-bm¬ D®-∏q-P. tijw           XpS¿∂v {io`q-X-_-en, hnf-°m-Nmcw F∂n-h-°p-
{io`q-X-_-en -Xqhn aq∂p {]Z-jn-Ww. HmSn-Øq-hn-       tijw Ifw-]m-´v. Ifw-am-bv®p-I-gn-™m¬ cm{Xn-
bmWv aq∂mw {]Z-jn-Ww. ho≠pw amXr-im-e-bn-            bnse NS-ßp-Iƒ ]q¿Æ-am-Ip-∂p.
se-Øn-bm¬ Xncp-SbSbv°p-∂p; ]I¬∏qcw kam-
                   - - - -
]n-°p-∂p.                                                 H∂mw ]qcsØ®S- ß p- I ƒ Xs∂- b mWv


                                                - 211 -
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011

c≠mw ]qc-Zn-h-k-hpw. c≠mw ]qcw- ap-X¬ t£{X-                        se-Øp-∂p. At∏m-tg°pw `K-hXnbpw hSt° _en-
                                                                                               -
ap-‰-tØbpw ]qc-∏-d-ºn-tebpw thZn-I-fn¬ t£{X-                       °¬∏p-cbn-dßn KP-cm-Ps‚ apI-fn¬ Ingt° S-
                                                                           -
I-e-Iƒ°p-]p-dta P-Iob Iem-]-cn-]m-Sn-IƒIqSn                       bn-se-Øp-∂p. Ccp-hcpw Hcpan®v Bdm-´p-IShn-te°v
                                                                                                         - -
Ac-tß-dp-∂p.                                                       Fgp-∂-≈p-∂p. Cu ""tZh-Zzb ssNXy kwK-a-
      aq∂mw ]qcw ]I-em-dm-´p-hsc "]S-lmZn' apd-                    Z¿iw'' Akp-e` ku`m-Ky-Zm-bIas{X! sIm´n°-
                                                                                                   - - -
bn¬ S-°p∂ ]qcw, Zo]m-cm-[--°p-ti-j-ap≈                           b-‰hpw Hcpan-®p-Xs∂. {]Z-jnWw Ign™v AΩ
                                                                                    -
sImSn-tb-‰-tØmsS "[zPmZn'apd-bn-em-Ip-∂p. hS-                      amXr-im-ebn-te°v Xncn-s®-gp-∂≈p-∂p.
                                                                             -                   -
t°--S-bn-ep≈ kz¿Æ-[z-P-Øn¬ `K-h-Xn-bpsS                                 Ccp-]-Ønsbm∂v {]Z-£n-W-Øn-p-tijw
sImSn-tb-‰w; Ing-t°--S-bnse kph¿Æs°mSn-a-                         sImSn-bn-d°n alm-tZ-hpw {iotIm-hn-en-te°v
c-Øn¬ alm-tZ-h-t‚-bpw, a‰p ÿmß-fn¬ Zn°p-                          {]th-in-°p-∂p. XpS¿∂v Ccp-]-Øn-b©v Ie-ihpw
sIm-Sn-Iƒ m´p-∂p. `K-hXn cm{Xn-bm-dm-´np sIm´n-                  D®-∏q-P-bpw. alm-tZ-hs‚ Xncp-hp-’hw ChnsS
∏p-d-s∏-Sp-∂-Xn-p-apºv alm-tZ-hs‚ {io`q-X-_-en-                   kam-]n-°p-∂p. ]Xn-hp-t]mse `K-h-Xn-bpsS cm{Xn-
bp-≠v. memw- ]qcw ˛ ]Xnhp NS-ßp-ItfmsS AΩ-
                                       -                           bm-dm´v S-°p-∂p.
bpsS ]Iepw cm{Xn-bp-ap≈ Bdm-´p-Iƒ. k‘y°v                                 Ccp- t - c - ß - f n- e p≈ Xncp- h m- d m- ´ - √ msX
Zo]m-cm-[--°p- tijw me-º-e-Øn¬ {]tXyIw                           HºXmw ]qc- Ø nv {]tXy- I - X - I ƒ H∂pan- √ .
k÷-am-°nb "apf-bd'bn¬ h-[m-y-߃ apf-bn-                          F∂m¬ HºXmw ]qc-tØmsS Xncp-ap-‰-tØbpw
Sm≥ sh°p-∂p. CtXmsS ]qc-®-S-ßp-Iƒ "A¶p-                            ]qc-∏-d-ºn-tebpw thZn-I-fn-embn S-∂p-h-∂n-cp∂
cmZn' apd-bn-em-Ip-∂p. A©mw ]qc-Zn-h-ksØ                           Iem-]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ Ah-km-n-°p-∂p.
cm{Xn-bm-dm´v an°-hmdpw tcsØ S-Øp-∂p.
AØm-g-∏q-P-°p tijw t£{X-Øn¬ n∂pw                                      Ah-km-sØ ]I-em-dm´v S-°p∂ AΩ-
Fgp-∂-≈n-°p∂ Zo]-Øn¬ n∂mWv Imhp-S-b-                              bpsS ]Ømw]qcw Hcp]mSv {]tXy-I-X-Iƒ nd-
m- b ¿ IY- I - f n- b psS B´- h n- f °v sXfn- b n-                ™-Xm-Wv. ]Xn-hnv hn]-co-X-ambn A∂v Hm´≥Xp-
°p-∂-Xv.                                                           ≈¬ ImeØv F´p aWn-tbmsS Ac-tß-dp-∂p.
                                                                   sIm´n- b n- d °w ]¥oc- S n- ∏ q- P - ° p- t ijwXs∂.
          Bdmw Znhkw `K-h-Xn-bpsS ]I-em-dm-´p-I-
                                                                   sIm´n- ° - b - d n- b m¬ Xncp- a p- ‰ Øv ]©m- c n- t afw;
gn-™m¬ alm-tZ-hs‚ D’-h-_-en-bm-Wv. cm{Xn-
                                                                   XpS¿∂v aq∂v ]Xn-hp-{]-Z-jn-W-ß-fpw. D®-∏q-P- I-
bm-dm´v ]Xn-hp-t]m-se. Ggmw ]qc-Zn-hkw ]I-em-
                                                                   gn-™m¬ S AS-°p-I-bm-bn.
dm- ´ n-  p- t i- j - a mWv `K- h - X n- b psS D’- h - _ - e n.
k‘y- ° p≈ Xmb- º - I bpw khn- t i- j - a m- W v .                       ]qcm-tLm-j-Øns‚ AXn-{]-[m NS-ßmb
cm{Xn-bm-dm´v sIm´n-°-b-dn-bm¬ Ingt° Xncp-ap-‰-                    "]≈n- t h´' ]Ømw ]qc- Ø n-  m- W v . Xncn™p
Øp-sh®p S-°p∂ "Iºw sImfp-ج' Ggmw                                 ]¥o-c-Sn-°p-tijw (Xncn-™p-]-¥o-cSn F∂Xv
]qc-Øns‚ khn-ti-j-X-bm-Wv. Xºp-cms‚ Ap-                           {ioXn-cp-am‘mw Ip∂n¬ am{Xw ntXy S-∂p-
hm-Z-tØmsS tZisØ aqØm-»m-cn-bm-Wv Iº-                              h-cp∂ Hcp khn-tij ]qP-bmWv) CXn-p≈
Ønv XosIm-fp-Øp-∂-Xv. ]qcw-]p-d-∏m-Sn-p-tijw                     Hcp°-߃ XpS-ßp-∂p.
t£{Xm- ¶ Ww `‡- c m¬ nd- ™ p- I- h n- b p∂                              H‰s®-≠m-hm-Zy-tØmsS t£{Xw A©p-h-
as‰mcp aqlq¿Ø-am-Wn-Xv.                                            ew-sh®v temI-am-Xmhv ]≈n-m-bm-´n-mbn sXt°
      `K-hXn-bp-tSbpw alm-tZ-hs‚bpw Hcpan-®p≈
              -                            -                       S-bn-d-ßp-∂p. h≈q-°-m-cn-bp-tSbpw X{¥n-bp-
]I- e m- d m´mWv F´mw- ] q- c sØ khn- t i- j -                     tSbpw Imhp-S-b-m-b-cp-tSbpw a‰pw AI-º-Sn-tbm-
am- ° p- ∂ - X v . ]¥o- c - S n- ∏ q- P - ° p- t ijw Ingt°         sS-bmWv AΩ-bpsS Fgp-∂-≈-Øv. kI-e-N-cm-N-c-
_en-°¬∏p-c hgn Fgp-∂≈n bm{Xm-_en- Xqhn               -             ߃°pw k¿Δ- ` q- X - K - W - ß ƒ°pw _en- X q-
t£{Xw Hcp h-ew-sh®v Ingt° sImSn-ac®p-h´n-              - - -       InbXnpti-j-amWv ]≈n-m-bm´np≈ AΩ-


                                                              - 212 -
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011

bpsS bm{X. sXs° t£{X-tKm-]pcw ]n∂n´v             n- s ®m- c p- ° nb aWv U - ] - Ø n¬ sh®m- b n- c p- ∂ p-
Iotg-S-amb tht´-°-c≥ Im-hn-se-Øp∂p. t£{X-        h-s{X. ho≠pw XnSºv B-∏p-d-tØ-°v. AΩ-bpsS
Xn-cp-ap-‰Øv AΩsb kzoI-cn-®n-cp-Øp-∂p. S-Xp-    cm{Xn-bm-dm-´np≈ Cd-°-am-bn. A∂v ]Xnhv {]Z-
d∂v tht´-°-c-p≈ nth-Zy-ap-≠v. AXn-p-tijw      jn-W-an√; ttc- h-S-t°m-´n-d-ßp-∂p. ]Øp-S
]≈n-th-´-°p≈ Aºpw-hn√pw Imhp-S-b-m-b¿           ]n∂n-´m¬ AXn-Kw-`o-c-amb Icn-a-cp∂p {]tbm-Kw.
t£{Xw X{¥n°v ssIam-dp-∂p. X{¥n Aºpw-             Zn°p-Isf {]I-ºw sIm≈n-®v, hnÆn¬ h¿Æ-
hn√pw hen-b-X-ºp-cms‚ ssII-fn¬ ka¿∏n-°p-         °m-gvNIƒ hnc-Nn®v AΩ-bpsS ]≈n-bm-dm´v! Bdm-
                                                         -
∂p. {ioXn-cp-am‘mwIp∂n-e-Ω-bpsS {]Xn-]p-cp-j-    ´p-I-gn™v Xncn-s®-gp-∂-≈Øpw {]Z-£n-W-ßfpw
mbn henb Xºp-cm≥ ]∂n F∂ k¶-ev]-Øn¬              AØm-g-∏q-P-bpw. Ifw-]m-´n-p-tijw AΩ-bpsS
AhnsS Xøm-dm°n sh®n-´p≈ hcn-°-®-°sb              ]≈n-°-dp∏v! ]≈n-th-´-I-gn™v £oWn-X-bmb
Asº-øp-∂p. IXnmshSn-Ifpw iwJ-m-Zhpw            tZhn alm-tZ-hs‚ apJ-a-WvU-]-Øn¬ h-[m-y-
B¿∏p-hn-fn-tLm-j-ßfpw A¥-co-£-Øn-seßpw           ߃ apf-bn-´p-n¬°p∂ ]√-h-X-ev]-Øn¬ ]≈n-
Db-cp-∂p. tht´-°-c≥Imhn¬ n∂pw hnP-b-{io-        n-{Z-sIm-≈p-∂p.
em-fn-X-bmb hniz-P--n-bpsS Xncn-s®-gp-∂-≈-
                                                       ]nt‰∂v {_m“-ap-lq¿Ø-Øn¬ Hcp ]ip-
ØmWv Cn. hgn-otf nd-]-dbpw ne-hn-f°pw
                                                 °n-Sm-hns‚ "AtΩ!' hnfnbpw iwJ-m-Zhpw tI´v
sh®v AΩsb tZiw hc-th¬°p-∂p. AW-ap-dn-
                                                 Xr°- W n- I ≠v AΩ ]≈n- ° - d p- ∏ p- W - c p- ∂ p.
bmsX Ae-b-Sn-°p∂ B{in-X-km-K-csØ Ap-
                                                 FÆbpw tXpw søpamSn hmI-®m¿Øp Ign™v
{K-ln®pw Bio¿Δ-Zn®pw ]©-hm-Zy-tØm-sS, Be-
                                                 k]vX-ip-≤n- h-cpØn Ae-¶m-c-ß-f-Wn™v AΩ
h´ sh©mac-ß-tfmsS alm-ambbpsS Xncn-s®-
                                                 amXr-im-e-bn-te°v Xncn-s®-gp-∂-≈p-∂p. AhnsS
gp-∂-≈Øv t£{X-Xn-cp-ap-‰-sØ-Øp-tºm-tg°pw
                                                 sh®v Dj-∏q-P. A∂nn ]I-em-dm-´n-√, Cn ocm-
HºXp aWn-tbm-f-am-hpw. hS-t°-_-en-°¬∏p-c-
                                                 t´-bp-≈q.
bn¬ XnS- º n- d °n AΩ°v Zo]m- c m- [ ! Hcp
ImeØv Cu Zo]m- c m- [  sXt°-  - S - ° - e p≈      Dj-∏q-P-°p-tijw e`n-°p∂ apfw-{]-kmZw
Nmth¿Ø-dbn¬ ]m´p-Ip-dp-∏∑m¿ {]tXyIw hnXm-
            -             -                      hmßm-mbn `‡-cpsS o≠nc t£{X-ap-‰Øv
                                                                  cq]w sIm≠n- c n- ° pw.
                                                                  HºXp aWn-tbmsS ImgvN
                                                                  iothen XpS-ßp-∂p. ]©-
                                                                  hm-Zy-Øns‚ taf-s°m-gp∏pw
                                                                  Be-h´sh©m-acapØp-°p-
                                                                  S-IfpsS Nmb-°e¿∏pw ]I-
                                                                     -          -
                                                                  cp∂ [y-Xbn¬ t£{Xm-
                                                                             -
                                                                  ¶-WØnse Icn-¶¬∏m-fn-
                                                                  Iƒt]mepw Ipfn-c-Wn-bp-
                                                                  ∂p!
                                                                                 sshIp-t∂cw aq∂v
                                                                            aWn°v NmIym¿ Iq-Øv;
                                                                            XpS¿∂v Hm´≥Xp- ≈ ¬.
                                                                            hS-t°--S-bn¬ ]qXw Ifn-
                                                                            bp-≠v. Ah¿°p≈ D]-
                                                                            lm-c-߃ t£{Xw A[n-
                                                                            Ir-X¿ kΩm-n-°p-∂p.


                                            - 213 -
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011

       CXn-n-S-bn¬ Xncp-am-‘mw-Ip∂np kao-]-     Cu [y-ap-lq¿Ø-Øn¬ tZiw aqØm-»mcn Iºw
ap≈ {iodm-h-d-hÆ inh-t£-{X-Øn¬ n∂pw              sImfp-Øp∂p. Cn Ccp-h-cp-tSbpw aS-°-bm-{X-bm-
Xncp-am‘mw Ip∂n-te-°p≈ Fgp-∂-≈n∏v XpS-            Wv. h≈p-hcm-Pmhv Ip∂n≥ apI-fn-se-Øn-bm¬, hS-
                                                             -
ßn-bn-´p-≠m-hpw. A∂p-cm{Xn Xncp-am‘mwIp∂n-        t°-Sbnse hb-te-eIfn¬ AXyp-{K≥ Icn-acp∂v
                                                       - -            - -                 -
e-Ω°v Nm¿Øm-p≈ Xncp-hp-S-bm-S-bp-ambmWv          hncp-∂v. AXns‚ h¿Æ-cm-Pn-Iƒ `‡-k-l-{k-ß-
Ah- c psS hc- h v . CXp- t sc apXp- ] d alm-     fpsS angn-I-fnepw a- p-I-fnepw ]I-cp∂ Ap-
hnjvWpt£{X-Øn¬ FØn-t®-cp-∂p. Ahn-sS-              `qXn Ah¿Æ-obw!
n-∂p≈ as‰mcp tLmj-bm{X Ch-tcm-sSm∏w                   ]nt‰∂v cmhn- s ebpw ßym¿IqØpw
tNcp-∂p. ]©-hm-Zyhpw, Imh-Sn-bm-´-hpw, in¶m-      NmIym¿IqØpap-≠v. ]qc-∏-d-ºn¬ AXn-cm-hnse
cn-ta-f-hpw, mS≥ Iem-cq-]-ß-fp-sams° AWn-        XpS-ßp∂ hmin-tb-dnb Nhn-´p-Ifn kmbm-”-k-
n-c-°p∂ Cu h¿Æm-`-amb alm-tLm-j-bm{X             ‘y-hsc ofp-∂p.
Xfn- t £{Xw hgn Xncp- a m- ‘ mw- I p- ∂ nseØn
AΩ°v Xr°m-gvN-b¿∏n®v kam-]n-°p-∂p. ]Øp-                 ]qcw- I - g n™v Ggp- Z n- h kw Ign- ™ mte
a-Wn-tbmsS CXp-]-sØm-∂m-asØ Bdm-´n-mbn           Xncp-ap-‰sØ ]¥epw sImSn-°q-d-Ifpw am‰m-dp-
AΩ-bpsS sIm´n-bn-d-°w. D’-h-_-en-°p-tijw          ≈q. Cu Znh-k-ß-fn¬ cm{Xn-Im-eØv `K-h-Xn-
t£{Xw Hcph´w hew-sh®v AΩ hSt° S-bn-              bp-sSbpw alm-tZ-h-s‚bpw `qX-K-W-ß-fpsS D’-
d-ßp-∂p. CutSm-Sp-Iq-Snb Icn-a-cp∂v {]tbm-K-      h-as{X!
amWv A∂sØ sIm´nbnd-°-Øns‚ BI¿j-                         {ioXncp-am-‘mw-Ip∂v ]qc-tØm-S-p-_-‘n®v
Wo-b-X. ]Xn-sm∂p aWn-tbmsS ]m≠n-ta-f-hp-         S-°p∂ hn]p-e-amb NS-ßp-I-fnepw BtLm-j-
ambn ]qcw sIm´n-°-bdn Ccp-]-sØm∂p {]Z-jn-         ]-cn-]m-Sn-I-fnepw kh¿Æm-h¿Æt`Z-saty tZi-
Ww.                    Ccp-]-sØm-∂m-asØ           Ønse mm- P m- X n- ° m¿°p≈ ]¶m- f n- Ø hpw
{]Z-£nWw Ign™m¬ sImSn-bn-d-°-am-bn. AΩ            Ah-Im-i-ßfpw {it≤-b-amWv. Cu atlm-’-h-
amXr-im-e-bn¬ Xncn-s®-gp-∂≈n AØm-g-∏q-P-°p-       Øns‚ Bhn¿`m-h-sØ-°p-dn®v e`y-amb tcJ-Iƒ
tijw Ccp-]-Øn-b©p Ie-i-hp-amSn {io`q-X-_-         H∂pw C√. h≈p-ht°m-m-Xn-cn-am¿ Ah-cpsS Ipe-
                                                                      -
enbpw IqSn-I-gn-™m¬ Xncp--S-b-S-°p-I-bm-bn.      ssZ-h-Ønv AXn-]p-cm-X--Imew apX¬ S-Øn-
       Ncn{X kvac-W-I-fp-W¿Øp∂ as‰mcp NS-         h-∂n-cp∂ D’-h-am-Wn-sX-∂pw, AX√m; amam-¶m-
ßmWv Cn-bp-≈Xv. "sXt°m-´n-d°w'. hmZy-tLm-        h-Imiw jvS-s∏-´-t∏mƒ B D’-h-tØmSp InS-
j-tØmsS h≈p-h-t°m-m-Xncn sXt°--S-bn-dßn         ]n-Sn-°-Ø-°-hÆw XpS-ßn-sh®XmWv Xncp-am-
]qc-∏dºn-te-s°-gp-∂≈p-∂p. At∏m-tg°pw ]mW-
      - -          -                              ‘mw-Ip∂v]qc-sa∂pw A`n-{]m-b-ß-fp-≠v. F¥m-
cm-Pmhv "ae-b≥Ip´n' sN≠-ta-f-tØm-sS, IpØp-        bmepw C{X-tbsd `‡-P--߃ kwK-an-°p∂
hn-f°pw Ipc-h-bp-ambn; ]cn-hm-c-ß-fpsS AI-º-      as‰mcp atlm-’hw h≈p-hm-Sn-n√ F∂ kXyw
                                                                              -
Sn-tbmsS, Xt≠dn AhnsS h∂n-´p-≠m-hpw. Ccp-         C∂pw Ah- t i- j n- ° p- ∂ p! AtΩ! alm- a mtb!
h-cp-tSbpw kulr-Z-kw-K-aw. Htc Xm-fw, Hscm‰-      F√mw Ahn-SpsØ ssh`hw! h≈p-h-m-Sns‚
`m-hw; km£yw hln-°m≥ `‡-P kmK-c-hpw.             ku`mKyw!


                 ]n.-kn. Ac-hn-μ≥ : "hS-°pw-mYm! k¿Δw S-Øpw-mYm!'' F∂ inh-`-‡n-Km--Øn-eqsS
                 {]kn-≤-mb ]n.-kn. Ac-hn-μ≥ CXn-Iw Bbn-c-Øn-A™q-tdmfw `‡n-Km--߃ cNn-®p-I-gn-
                 ™p. ""{ioXn-cp-am-‘mw-Ip∂v t£{X-am-lmflyw'' F∂ tZhkzw {]kn-≤o-I-c-Whpw At±-l-Øns‚
                 cN--bm-Wv. AΩ-bpsS Im¬®p-h-´nse "{io]Z'Øn¬ Xmakw!




                                             - 214 -
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011




                                sI. sF. mcm-b-W≥ amÿ
DZ-b-Kncn Nph∂p `mp-_nw_w hnfßn                  Xzhpw B`n-Pm-Xyhpw BkvXn-Iy-t_m-[-hp-sa√mw
fn apIp-f-Pmse aμ-lmkw hncn™p                   kphn-Zn-¥-ß-fm-Wv. I¿Ω-n-jvT, X]-i-‡n, BNm-
]n-aXn ad-hmbn iwJ-mZw apgßn                    c-ip-≤n, at{¥m-]m-k F∂nh-bn¬ Xfn-∏-d-ºns
DW-cpI IWn-Im-◊m-w-_tc iw_-tci:                  Pbn-°p-s∂mcp {Kmaw tIc-f-°-c-bn¬ C√m-bn-cp-
      tIc-f-°-c-bn¬ {]kn-≤-ß-fmb ]e ÿe-           ∂p-h-t{X. Xfn-∏-dºv inh-t£{Xw D≠m-b-Xn-p-
ßfpw ImSpw taSp-ambn P-hm-k-tbm-Ky-a-√m-Xmbn     ti-j-amWv Xr®w-_cw {ioIrjvW t£{Xw D≠m-
InS-∂n-cp∂ Ime-Øp- t]mepw Xfn-∏-dºv kwkvIm-       b-sX-∂mWv A`n-⁄-a-Xw. Xfn-∏-dºv cmP-cm-tP-
c-Øns‚ Zo]-in-J-bp-ta¥n ]cn-e-kn-®n-cp-∂p. Pn√-   iz-cs‚ AXyp-{K-amb tXP v arZp-e-am-°m-m-
bpsS Bÿm--amb IÆqcpw DØ-c-a-e-_m-dnse            Wt{X Xr®w-_cw t£{Xw ]Wn-X-Xv. km[m-c-
{]kn-≤-s∏´ K-c-amb Xe-t»-cnbpw a‰pw Adn-b-       W-bmbn C∂pw Xfn-∏-dºn¬ t]mbn sXmgp-X-
s∏-Sp-∂-Xnp apºv Xfn-∏-dºv kwkvIm-c-Øns‚         tijw `‡-P߃, hnti-jn®pw Ay-m-´p-Im¿,
                                                               - -
Xne-I-°p-dn-bmbn Xnf-ßn. C∂pw IÆq¿ Pn√-           Xr®w-_-c-Øvt]mbn sXmgp-Xp-h-cp-∂p.
bnse G‰hpw henb Xmeq°v Xfn-∏-d-ºm-Wv.                  tIc-f-Ønse 64 {_m“W {Kma-ß-fn¬s∏´
     k¿Δ cmPm-°-∑m-cp-sSbpw cmPm-sh∂ ne-         H∂mWv Xfn-∏-dºv {Kmaw. tImeØv cmPm-°-∑m¿
bn¬ cmP-cm-tP-iz-c-mbn hmW-cp-fp∂ {ios]cpw       Xß-fpsS tImhn-e-I-Øn--SpØv tZh-Z¿i--Øn-
Xrt°m- h n- e - ∏ s‚ t£{XsØ Np‰n- ∏ - ‰ n- b p≈   mbn n¿Ωn®v S-Øn-h∂ t£{X-߃°v Xfn
{]tZiw ]≠v s]cn-©-√q¿ {Kmaw F∂ t]cn¬              F∂m-bn-cp∂p t]cv. Xfn- n¬°p∂ ÿew Xfn-
Adn-b-s∏-´n-cp-∂p. e£van-]p-c-sa∂v kwkvIr-X-      ∏-d-ºm-bn. tImeØv m´n¬ s]cp-am-°-∑m-cmbn
Ønepw Cu ÿesØ hyh-l-cn-®p-h-∂p. ChnsS             Bcm-[n-°s∏-Sp∂ A©v t£{X tZh≥am-cn¬ Hcp
                                                            -
D≠m-bn-cp∂ ae-bmf {_m“-W-∑m-cpsS BVy-             {][m tZh-mWv s]cn-©-√q¿ oe-I-WvT-s]-cp-
                                                                 amƒ (X-fn-∏-dºv cmP-cm-tP-iz-
                                                                 c≥), Xr®w-_-cØv {io_m-e-Ir-
                                                                 jvW-s]-cp-amƒ, sIm´n-bqcv {io
                                                                 ]-c-ta-iz-c-s]-cp-amƒ, Xe-t»cn
                                                                 Xncp-h-ßm´v {io cm-a-N{μs]cp-
                                                                 amƒ, ]ø-∂qcv {io kp{_-“-Wy-
                                                                 kzman s]cp-amƒ. Cu {]tZ-i-
                                                                 ߃s°- √ mw- I qSn ""sGW- c p-
                                                                 amfnSw'' F∂pw ]d-™p-tIƒ°p-
                                                                 ∂p.
                                                                  sFXnlyw
                                                                          Xr®w- _ cw                 t£{Xw
                                                                  ÿnXn sNøp∂ ÿew ]≠p-
                                                                  Im-eØv Hcp DXvIrjvS h-{]-
                                                                  tZ- i - a m- b n- c p- ∂ p- h - t {X. t]cv


                                             - 215 -
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011

iw_- c - h w. iw_- c ≥ F∂ AXn- Z n- h y-  mb            sNøs´ F∂pw, kzman- b m- s cbpw hnjv W p- h n-
al¿jn Gsd-°mew ChnsS X] v sNbvXp hkn-                     sbpw Hcpt]mse ]qPn-°pI F∂pw ]d-™p.
®n-cp-∂p. {io iw_cal¿jn-bn¬ n∂pw Cu                      Cu c≠p _en-_nw-_-ß-sfbpw aqe-_nw-_-Øn¬
ÿe-Ønv {io iw_-c-]pcw F∂ t]¿ e`n-®p.                     tN¿Øp-h®p ]qPn-®p. hnjvWp`‡-mb {_m“-
Imem-¥-c-Øn¬ {io iw_-c-]pcw tem]n®v Xr®w-                 Ws hcpØn D’-h-]q-PmZn I¿Ω-߃ sNøp-
_-c-am-bn.                                                hmpw AXp-t]mse μ-m-e-b-Øn¬ hkn-°p∂
        `rKp-hwi t{ijvT-mb ]c-ip-cm-a≥ ]e                ZznP- t {i- j v T s _e- c m- a - h n- { Klw inc-   n¬
t£{X-ßfpw kμ¿in-®p-h-cp∂ Ah-k-c-Øn¬                       hln®p D’-hmZn I¿Ω-߃ sNøp-hmpw `m¿§-
iw_ch-Øn-ep≈ Zp¿§m-t£-{X-Øn¬ FØn.                        h- c m- a ≥ ntbm- K n- ® p. c≠v ¿Ø- I - t cbpw
AhnsS {io iw_c apn-t{i-jvT≥ ambm Zp¿§sb                  hkp-tZ-h-cmbpw μ-tKm-]-cmbpw IcpXn BZ-cn-
tkhn-®n-cn-°p-∂Xp I≠ `m¿§-h-cm-a≥ Xm¶-fn-                 °-W-sa∂pw `m¿§-h-cm-a≥ I¬∏n-®p.
hnsS Xma-kn-°p-∂-Xns‚ Dt±-i-sa-¥m-sW∂v                    D’h®S-ßp-Iƒ
Bcm-™p. At∏mƒ apn-t{i-jvT≥ ]≠v Zzm]-c-                         Ipw`w 1˛mw XobXn apX¬ ]S-lmZn D’-
bp-KØn¬ tZhIn hkp-tZ-h≥am¿°v {ioIr-jW≥
    -                                             v       hhpw, Ipw`w 22-˛mw XobXn apX¬ km[m-cW
hcw sImSp-Ø-X-p-k-cn®v `K-hm≥ Xs‚ kzm`m-                 t£{X-Øn-ep-≈Xp-t]mse [zPmZn D’-hhpw, ao-
                                                                           -
hnI cq]w [cn®v _e-`{Z-tm-Sp-IqSn Cu h-Øn¬
                                -                         kw-{Iaw apX¬ ]menI sXfn®p AwKp-cmZn D’-
h∂v _me-eo-e-I-fp-p-jvTn-°m-p≈ Imew kao-                hhpw S-Øn-h-cp-∂p. Ipw`w 1˛mw XobXn apX¬
]n-®n-cn-°p-∂p-sh∂pw, B ¿Øw Im¨am-mbn                  ]m°-Øn-√sØ {_m“-W-t{i-jvT≥ Xr®w-_cw
{_“-RvPm-n-I-sf√mw h∂p-tN¿∂p sIm≠n-cn-                   t£{X-Ønepw, Ipw`w 10-˛mw XobXn apX¬ _e-
°p-I-bm-sW∂pw Adn-bn-®p. B Znhy aplq¿Øw                   cm-a-_nw-_-sa-gp-∂-≈n-°p∂ {_m“Wt{ijvT≥
h∂p. cma-Ir-jvW-∑m¿ _me-cq-]-Øn¬ k¿Δm-`-
                                                          agqcv t£{X-Ønepw Ah-cpsS ]q¿Δn-I-cpsS D]-
c- W - h n- ` q- j n- X - c mbn Xe- b n abn¸o- e nbpw
                                                          tZ-i-a-p-k-cn®v {hX-n-jvT-tbmsS as‰-hn-sSbpw
Imen¬ Nne-¶bpw [cn®v ]≠v tKmIp-e-Øn¬
                                                          t]mImsX `K-hms tkhn®v `Pn-®p-an-cn-°p-∂p.
F∂-t]mse iw_-c-h--Øn¬ ¿Øw sNbvXp.
                                                          Ipw`w 1˛mw XobXn sshIp-t∂cw {ioIrjvW`K-
B kabw tZhInhkp-tZ-h≥am-cpw, btim-Z,
                                                          hms‚ _en-_nw_w Fgp-∂-≈n®v `K-h-Xn-bpsS
tcmlnWn, μ-tKm-]¿ XpS-ßn-b-h-sc√mw cma-Ir-
                                                          ]≈n-bdbn¬ h®v {ioIr-jvWpw `K-hXn°pw ae-
                                                                  - -                         -
jvW-∑m-cpsS eoem-hn-em-k-߃ I≠v AXy-[nIw
                                                          cv, ]gw, i¿°c XpS-ßn-bh nthZyw sNøp-∂p.
kt¥m-jn-®p. BIm-i-Øn¬ C{μm-Zn-tZ-h-I-fmb
ap∏Ønaq∂v tImSn tZh-∑mcpw K‘¿Δm-]vk-c-kp-                 cm{Xn ChnsS sh®v Ccp-h¿°pw i¿°-c-]m-bkw
Ifpw H∂n®p-IqSn ]pjv]-hrjvSn sNbvXp.                      nth-Zn-°p-∂p. Ipw`w 1 apX¬ 21 hscbp≈ Cu
                                                          nth-Zy-Ønv ""]f-fn-bd∏mbk''-sa-∂p-]-d-bp-∂p.
      CsX√mw I≠p-sIm-≠n-cp∂ `m¿§-h-cm-a≥                  Ipw`w 1 apX¬ 21 hsc sshIp-t∂-chpw cm{Xnbpw
cma-Ir-jvW≥amsc kmjvSmwKw a-kv°cn®v {]Xn-
                                  -                       `K-hms‚ _en-_nw_w ]m°w ]pd-sØ-gp-∂-≈n®v
h-’cw Ipw`-amkw ]Xn-mev Znhkw ChnsS                      t£{X-Øn¬ 3 {]Zn-£Ww sh°p-∂p. Cu NS-
_me-∑m-cmbn eoem-hn-em-k-߃ ImWn-°-W-sa-                  ßnv sNdnb D’-h-sa∂v ]d-bp-∂p. Ipw`w 21-˛v
∂-t]-£n-®p. AXp-{]-Imcw cma-IrjvW≥am¿ kΩ-                 t£{Xw X{¥n h∂v D’-h-®-S-ßp-Iƒ Bcw-`n-
Xn®v hcw ¬In A¥¿≤mw sNbvXp.                             °p-∂p. 22-˛mw XobXn a≤ym-”-am-Ip-tºm-tg°pw
     Ipw`-amkw h∂-t∏mƒ iw_-c-h--Øn¬                      tNmtbmkn sImSn-acw IgpIn ip≤n-bm-°p-∂p.
D’-ham-tLm-jn-°m≥ Bcw-`ns°, {io mc-Zapn
     -                               -                    tijw Xm{¥nI I¿Ω-߃ ]q¿Øn-bm-°p-∂p.
{ioIrjvW-s‚bpw _e-cm-a-s‚bpw c≠v _en-_nw-                 ]m°w ºq-Xncn aplq¿Ø-Øn¬ sImSn-tb‰v
_-߃ `m¿§-h-cm-av ¬In. Cu _en-_nw-_-                    I¿Ωw n¿Δ-ln-°p-∂p. B_m-e-hr≤w P-ß-fp-
߃ c≠v {_m“-W∑m¿ inc- n¬ hln®v rØw
                -                                         sSbpw ""tKmhn-μw-''hnfn hmZy-ta-f-߃°-∏pdw


                                                     - 217 -
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011

BIm- i - t Ømfw Db- c p- ∂ p. AXm Ings°         atm-lc Zriyw Hcn°-se-¶nepw I≠n-´p-≈-h¿
hcn-∏-S- Hm-Sn-bn-dßn ]mearX≥ A`n-tj-I-Øn-      `mKy-hm≥am-cm-Wv.
p≈ ]mep-ambn FØn-°-gn-™p. H∏w Xmt°m¬                 S-bn-dßn Np‰-º-e-Ønv {]Zn-£-W-ambn
Iq´-hpambn aÆq¿ kap-Zm-bn-bpw. `‡-P--߃        h∂v {iotImhn-en-p-≈n¬ aqe-_nw-_-Ønv kao-
B Zriyw ImWp-hm≥ Xn°pw-Xn-c-°p-am-bn-cn-°pw.    ]-ap≈ {ioIr-jvWs‚ _en-_nw-_-Ønv ASpØv
sshIp-t∂cw `K-hms‚ _en-_nw_w Fgp-∂-≈n-          _e-cmahn{Klw hbv°p-∂p. ]qPmZnI¿Ω-߃°p-
°p∂ ]m°w ºq-Xncn Xfn-∏-d-ºn¬t]mbn {io          tijw Ccp _en-_nw-_-ßfpw ]pd-tØ°v Fgp-
cmP-cm-tP-iz-cv sø-arXv h®v sXmgpXv Xr®w-_-   ∂-≈n®v sImSn-a-c-Ønv ap∂n¬ t£{X aqe-_nw-
cØv D’hw sImSn-tb-dnb hnhcw Adn-bn-°p-          _-Øn--`n-ap-J-ambn n∂v [ymn®v at{¥m-]m-k
∂p. XpS¿∂v tNmtbmkn ta¬im-¥n-bn¬ n∂pw          SØn c≠p-t]cpw _en-_nw-_-߃ inc- n¬
`K-hms‚ ap{Z-bmbn sh≈n-sI-´nb Nqc¬hSn G‰p-      [cn-°p-∂p. At∏mƒ Iogvim-¥n-Iƒ Xrss°-IpS
hmßn DØ-c-hm-Z-s∏´ t£{Xw Ig-I-°m-cp-ambn        ]nSn-°p-∂p. sImSn-a-c-Ønv Np‰pw c≠p-t]cpw
agq¿ [¿Ωn-°p-f-ßc t£{X-Øn¬ t]mIp-∂p.            rØw sh®-tijw t£{X-Ønv {]Z-£n-W-ambn
tNmtbmkn tkm]m--Øn¬ Ibdn aWn-b-Sn®v            h∂v {]Xn- ] Øv S- b n- t e°v {]th- i n- ° p- ∂ p.
sXmgpXv `‡n-]p-c- cw ""Xr®w-_-cØv sImSnbpw      At∏mƒ sNß-fm-ho-´nse Imc-W-h¿ Xfn-°-e-
apfbpw nh¿∂n-cn-°p-∂p, [¿Ωn-°p-f-ß-c-b-∏≥      hp-ambn `K-hm-tmSv Aymbw t_m[n-∏n-°p-∂p.
Fgp-∂≈p∂p, Fgp-∂≈p∂p, Fgp-∂≈p∂p'' C{]-
         -             -             -
Imcw 3 {]mhiyw ]d-bp-∂p. cm{Xn nemhv DZn-      Aymbw ]d-bpI
®m¬ _e- ` - { Z- c psS Nm¿Ønb _en- _ nw_w            Xr®w-_cw t£{X-Ønse Ig-I-°m-cpw
n›nX {_m“-W-t{i-jvT≥ ]pd-sØ-gp-∂-≈n®v          ssZh-`-‡-p-amb sNßf ho´nse Hcp hmcy¿
Np‰-º-e-Ønv {]Zn-£-W-ambn rØw sNbvXv 8        tPymXnj kw_-‘-ambn Hcn°¬ Sp-hn-te°v
In.- a o. AI- s e- b p≈ Xr®w- _ cw {ioIrjv W    t]mhp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. IhnSn k©nbpw I£-Øn-
t£{X-Øn-te°v HmSns°m≠p hcp-∂p. km£m¬            dp°n A[nIw Bƒ k©m-c-an-√mØ {]tZ-i-Øp-
A-¥s‚ Ah-Xm-c-amb {io _e-`-{Zs‚ ""{]Xn-        IqSn t]mIp- t ºmƒ Npgen Ip°- t e- S - Ø n¬
]Øv'' S hf™p ]pf™p HmSn-bn-dßp∂ ImgvN
                                   -            ºym¿ F∂ Ic-{]-amWn hmcy-cpsS ssIhiw
{io A-¥s kvac-W-bn¬ Db¿Øp-∂p. Cu              ImWp-∂Xv ]Wk©n-bm-sW∂v sX‰n-≤cn®v [w  -
                                                         ssI°-em-°p-hm≥ B⁄m-]n-®p. Bsf
                                                         sIm∂p k©n ssI°-em-°n-b-t∏mƒ
                                                         Ihn- S n- b mWv I≠- X v . Ipw`w 22- ˛ mw
                                                         XobXn D’hw Fgp-∂-≈n-°m-dm-bn´pw
                                                         Ig-I-°m-c≥ hmcysc ImWm-bvI-bm¬
                                                         _‘p-°ƒ ]cn-{`m-¥cm-bn. D’-hØnv
                                                                             -           -
                                                         h∂p-tN¿∂ Nne-cn¬ n∂pw HcmfpsS
                                                         Zp¿a-cWhm¿Ø ho´p-Im¿ Adn-bp-Ibpw
                                                               - -
                                                         sNbvXp. `K-hms tkhn®pw `Pn®pw
                                                         Pohn-°p∂ Hcp Ig-I°m-cv CØ-cØn-
                                                                             -               -
                                                         ep≈ Zp¿KXn h∂p-s]-´-Xn¬ sNßfm
                                                         ho´nse Imc-W-h¿°v AXn-bmb tJZw
                                                         D≠m- b n. At±lw Xfn- ° - e - h p- a mbn
                                                         tsc S- b n- t e°v sN∂p. At∏m-
                                                         tg°pw cma-Ir-jvW∑m-cpsS hn{K-l߃
                                                                           -               -
                                                         Fgp-∂-≈n®v S-bn¬ FØn-bn-cp-∂p.


                                           - 219 -
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011

lrZbwsm¥ Imc-W-h¿ `K-hm-tmSv
Aymbw ]d-™p. ASpØ h¿jw
D’hw Bcw-`n-°p-tºm-tg°pw ºym-
cpsS IpSpw-_-Øn-ep-≈-h-sc√mw mam-
h-ti-j-am-bn-°-gn-™p. sNß-fm-ho-´p-
Im¿ ]ns∂ Aymbw ]d-bm-sXbpw
Bbn. At∏mƒ hmcyØv Nne Zp¿n-
an- Ø - ß ƒ         ImWp- I - b m¬
{]ivhnNmcw sNbvXv k¶SnhrØn
]d-™-t∏mƒ Fs∂ ad-∂-Xp-sIm-≠m-
sW∂pw taen¬ D’-h-Im-e-ß-fn¬
Fgp-∂-≈n-®m¬ Imc-W-h¿ Aymbw
]d-b-W-sa∂pw I≠p-h-t{X. C∂pw
CXm-h¿Øn-°p-∂p.
]qt°mØv S
        Iptd h¿j-߃°p-apºv ]qt°mØv S                  hsc D’h ka-b-ß-fn¬ ]qt°mØv S-bnse
Xncp-ap-‰-ambn ]qt°m-Øn√w F∂ t]cn¬ Hcn√-               hml KXm-KXw Ap-h-Zn-®n-cp-∂n-√. cm{Xn Hcpa-
ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ]qt°-m-Øn-√sØ Hcp `‡-mb               Wnt°m H∂c- a - W nt°m Fgp- ∂ - ≈ n- ® p- h - c p∂
ºq- X ncn (]qt°m- Ø - S n- I ƒ) ntXy                D’hw Nne-t∏mƒ {]`m-X-Øn¬ Bdv, Ggv aWn-
`K- h Xv Z ¿i-  - Ø nptijw am{Xta sh≈w               hsc o≠p-n¬°pw. AXp-hsc KXm-K-Xhpw apS-
t]mepw Ign-°m-dp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-≈p-h-s{X. D’-h-           ßn-°n-S-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. 1952-˛¬ D≠mb Nne
Zn- h - k - ß - f n¬ Xr®w- _ cw t£{X- Ø nse            AnjvS kw`-h-ßsf XpS¿∂v Kh¨sa‚ v D’-
nXykμ¿i- I pw Bbn- c p- ∂ p. {]mbm- [ nIyw           h- I m- e - ß - f n¬ hmlKXm- K - X - Ø n-  mbn Hcp
ImcWw Fgp-t∂‰v S-°m≥t]mepw høm-Xmb                    ss_∏mkv n¿Ωn-°p-I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv.
`‡-in-tcm-aWn ]qt°m-Ø-Sn-Iƒ lrZ-b-th-Z--
                                                       ]qt°mØv S-bnse D’hw
tbmsS `K- h m- t mSv {]m¿∞n- ® p. "`K- h mt
ASn-bv S-°m≥ htø, Aß-bpsS _me-eo-tem-                      ]qt°mØv S-bn¬ rtØm-’hw Ipw`w
’hw ImWm≥ `mKyw XctW!'. ]Xn-hp-t]mse                   22-˛mw XobXn apX¬ aow 2˛mw Xob-Xn- h-sc-
Ip™- c - b m¬ Xd- b nse rØw Ign- ™ m- ¬               bmWv. Ipw`w 27,28 Xob-Xn-I-fn¬ tZthm-’-h-
]¥hpw hmZy- t a- f - ß - f p- s a√mw t£{X- Ø n- t e-   sa∂pw, aow 1,2 Xob-Xn-I-fn¬ atlm-’-h-sa∂pw
°vXs∂ aS-ßm-n-cns°, bmsXmcp ap∂-dn-bn∏p-              ]d-bp-∂p. DØc tIc-fØnse t£{X-ßfn¬ D’-
                                                                             -              -
an-√msX `K-hm≥ Hscm‰ Hm´-am-bncp∂ph-t{X,               h-Ønv G‰hpw {]mapJyw rØ-Øn-m-Wv. Xr®w-
]qt°m-Ø-Sn-I-fpsS ap‰-tØ-°v. tPjvTpw HmSn.            _-cØv S∂p hcp∂ rØ-Øns‚ {]kn≤n Nn√-
Ftßm-s´-∂dn-bmsX ]cn-hm-ckaq-lhpw Ctßm´v
                  -               - -                  d-sbm-∂p-a-√. cma-Ir-jvW-∑m-cpsS atm-l-c-ambn
h∂p. Im◊m≥ km[n-°mØ `‡s Atßm´v                        Nm¿Ønb _en-_nw-_-߃ inc- n¬ hln®v
sN∂v Ap-{K-ln-°p-Ibm-bn-cp∂p `K-hm≥. C∂pw
                        -                              rØw sNøp-∂-h¿°v ap∂n-embn Ccp-`m-KØpw
CXv XpS¿∂p hcp-∂p. alm-`-‡-mb ]qt°m-Ø-                tIm¬]-¥-ßfpw hmZy-hn-ti-j-ßfpw D≠m-Ipw.
Sn-I-fpsS ]mh-m-flmhv rØw I≠m--μn-°m≥                DØ-c-tI-c-f-Ønse tIƒhn-tI´ hmZy-°m-sc√mw
D’-h-Zn-h-k-ß-fn¬ ]qt°mØv S-bn¬ C∂pw                  FØn-t®-cpw. tNmbn-bm-ºn-bpsS tXr-Xz-Øn¬
hcp-∂p-s≠-∂mWv Phnizmkw. ]qt°m-ØvS                   [q]°p‰nbpw, sh≈n-∏´v IpS-Ifpw ]nSn-°p-Ibpw,
mj-W¬ sslth-˛17¬s∏´ ÿe-am-Wv. 1952-˛-                 c≠v tZh-∑m¿°pw Be-h-´hpw sh¨Nm-a-chpw


                                                  - 221 -
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011

hoip-Ibpw sNøpw. rØ-°m¿°-`n-ap-Jambn `‡-
                                      -            ≠-s{X. kzman-bm¿ D’-h-Ønv h∂v tN¿∂n-s√-
P--ßfpw a‰v AI-º-Sn-°mcpw D≠m-Ipw. G‰hpw          ¶nepw D’hw t£{X-Øns‚ sX°v ]Sn-™mdv
ap∂n-embn a™-h-Sn-°mcpw c£m-A-I-º-Snbpw.           aqe-bn¬ FØn-bm¬ kzman-bmsc hμn-°p-∂Xmbn
                                                                                        -
`‡-P--߃ tKmhn-μm, tKmhnμm F∂p hnfn-®p-           ImWmw. ]n∂oSv HmSn-s°m≠v cma-Ir-jvW-∑m¿
sIm≠v rØ- Ø ns‚ KXn- t h- K apk- c n®v           hS-°p-]-Sn-™mdv aqe-bn¬ sN∂v Xfn-∏-d-º-Ø-
apt∂m´pw ]nt∂m´pw oßn- s °m- ≠ n- c n- ° pw.      ∏s hW-ßn-b-tijw sImSn-a-c-®p-h-´n¬ h∂v
tKmhn-μ-mahnfn-Iƒ cwKsØ `‡n-n¿`-c-am-°p-         [ymn®p c≠p-t]cpw inc- n¬ n∂pw _en-_nw-
∂p. Imfn-ba¿±-sØ Ap-kvacn-®mWv Cu rØ-
          -                   -                    _-߃ FSpØv {iotIm-hn-en-te°v Fgp-∂-≈n®v
°fn F∂p ]d™phcp-∂p. rØw S-°p-tºmƒ                aqe-_nw-_-tØmSv tN¿Øv shbv°p-∂p. Ipw`w 27
Imgv®-°m-cpsS lrZ-bhpw rØw sh°m-Xn-cn-°p-         apX¬ aow 2 hsc oscm-gp°pw Xd-bnse hn{i-
I-bn-√. amdn-amdn aμ-K-Xn-bnepw, {ZpX-K-Xn-bnepw   a-th-fbn¬ cma-Ir-jvW∑m¿°v s]m≥tam-Xncw h®v
                                                         -             -
Xmf-Øn-smØv ¿Ø-I-cpsS ]mZ-߃ Nen-°p-             sXmgm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv.
∂p. tZhm-Zn-Ifpw a‰pw At∏mƒ `K-h¬ Z¿i--           rØ-∏m-bkw
Ønv BIm-iØv h∂p-tN-cp-a-t{X.
                                                         Ipw`kw{I- a - Z n- h kw rØ- ∏ m- b - k - s a∂
     apºv D’h°meØv ]qt°mØv S-bn¬                  {]m¿∞m hgn-]mSv S-Øn-h-cp-∂p. h¿j-Øn¬
]¥-en-Sm-dp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-h-t{X. Hcp h¿jw D’hw       Hcp Znhkw am{X-ap≈ Cu rØ-∏m-bkw G‰hpw
Ign™v ]¥-e-gn-®-t∏mƒ tZh-∑mcpw Ejn-Ifpw            t{ijvTamb Hcp hgn-]m-Smbn `‡-P߃ hniz-
                                                          -                              - -
]pjv]-hrjvSn sNbvX ]pjv]-߃ I≠p. AXn¬              kn-°p-∂p. A∂v ]qt°mØv S-bn-sebpw Xncp-ap-‰-
]n∂oSv ]¥-en-Sm-dn-s√∂v ]d™p tIƒ°p-∂p.             sØbpw rtØm-’hw Ign-™m¬ AIØv Fgp-
       ]qt°mØv S- b nse D’hw Ign™v                ∂-≈n®v a-kv°mc aWvU]Ønv hS°v Ing°v
                                                                                - -
t£{X-Øn-te°v aS-ßn-bm¬ oscm-gp°pw Xd-             `mKØv h®n- ´ p≈ h´n- f - ∏ m- b - k - Ø nv Np‰pw
bnse hn{i-a-Øn-p-tijw t£{X-Xn-cp-ap-‰Øv h®v       rØwsh®v sIm≠v 3 {]Z-£nWw h°p-∂p. tijw
BZy-Im-eØv S-∂n-cp∂ cma-Ir-jvW-∑m-cpsS            aqe-_nw-_Øn-pw, 2 _en-_nw-_߃°pw tN¿Øp-
                                                            -                       -
_me-eo-em-r-tØm-’hw Bcw-`n-°p-∂p. X’-             sIm≠v ]mbkw nth-Zn-°p-∂p. `‡-P߃ {]`m-- -
abw t£{X Ig-I°m-cmb Xmt‰ym´v hmcy¿ ]¥-
                 -    -                            X-Øn¬ Ipfn®v `K-h¬Z¿iw sNbvXv ]mbkw
hp-ambn kzman-bmsc At±-l-Øns‚ aT-Øn¬               hmßn Ign®v n¿hrXn AS-bp-∂p.
n∂pw {]tXyI hmZy-hn-ti-j-ß-tfmsS £Wn®p            IqSn-∏n-cn-b¬
Iq´n-sIm-≠p-h-cp-∂p. Xncp-ap-‰Øv Np‰pw {]Zn-£-
W-ambn rØw h®-ti-jw HmSn-s°m≠p sX°p-                      aow aq∂nv CS-°n-S∏v F∂ t]cn¬ Adn-
]-Sn-™ mdp aqe-b n-e p≈ [¿Ω-m kvXm t£{X-           b-s∏-Sp∂ Hcp Hgnhv Znhkw. 4˛mw XobXn mSv
Øns‚ ap∂n¬ n∂v kzman-bm¿ aq∂p-h´w {]Zn-           hew hbv°pI Fs∂mcp NS-ßp-≠v. CXnv D’-
£W rØw hbv°p∂p. XZ-h-k-c-Øn¬ a≤y-                 h-_en F∂pw ]d-bp-∂p. cm{Xn-bm-bm¬ cma-Ir-
Øn-ep≈ kzman-bm¿ tZh-∑m¿°-`n-ap-J-ambn kzb-        jvW∑m-cpsS Nm¿Ønb _en-_nw-_߃ D’-h-
                                                         -                          -
ambpw tZh-∑m¿s°-∂XcØn¬ aq∂p {]Zn-£Ww
                     - - -                         Zn-hkßfn¬ Fgp-∂≈n-°m-dp-≈Xp-t]mse ]pdØv
                                                       - - -           -          -
hbv°p-Ibpw, DØ-co-b-Øns‚ tIm¥e hncp-Øn-            Fgp-∂-≈n®v t£{Xw X{¥nbpw Ap-N-c-∑mcpw
°m-Wn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. ]≠v `K-hms DØ-             IqSn `qX-KW߃°v _en-b¿∏n®v sIm≠v ]qt°m-
                                                              - -
co-bØn¬ ao-¶Smb-cpsS ho´n¬ n∂v sIm≠p-
     -                                             ØvS hgn ]me-Ip-fßc {io [¿Ω-im-kvXm-t£-
                                                                         -
h∂ kvac-Wsb ne-n¿Øp-I-bm-bn-cn°mw CXv.           {X-Øn¬ FØp-∂p. Ahn-SpsØ hn{i-a-Øn-p-
tijw kzman-bm¿ ]nc-hm-c-ß-tfmsS aT-Øn-te°v         tijw Xr®w-_cw t£{X-Øn¬ Xncn-s®-Øp-∂p.
Xncn® bm{X-bm-hp-∂p. Nne Ime-ß-fn¬ kzman-          A∂v cm{Xn-bn¬ t£{X a-kvImc aWvU]Øn¬ - -
bmcpw ]qs°mØv S D’-h-Øn¬ ]¶p-tN-cm-dp-            `K-hmv ]≈n-°dp-∏m-Wv. A©mw XobXn kp{]-
                                                                    -


                                              - 223 -
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011

`m-XØn¬ ]≈n-°p-dp-∏p-W¿Ø¬ I¿Ωw SØn
    -                                          Øn¬ oscm-gp°pwXd-hsc h∂v sXs° A‰-
XpS¿∂p≈ {Inb-Iƒ ]q¿Øn-bm-bm¬ {iotIm-hn-        Øp≈ tZhIohkp-tZ-h-∑m-cpsS km∂n-[y-ap≈
en¬ Fgp-∂≈n®v nXy-]q-PmZn I¿Ω-߃ S-Øp-
          -                                    s]m≥sN- º IXd- h sc Xncp- a p- ‰ - Ø n¬ rØw
∂p. sshIpt∂cw Ccp _en-_nw-_ßfpw Nm¿Øn-
                             -                 hbv°p-∂p. n›nX {]Z-£nWw ]q¿Øn-bmbn
√msX Bdm-´p-Nn-ebn¬ Fgp-∂≈n®v {Inbm-I¿Ω-
                -          -                   hmZy-hn-ti-j-ß-tfmSpw a‰v AI-º-Sn-tbmSpw IqSn
߃ ]q¿Øo-I-cn-°p-∂p. k‘y-tbmsS hmZy-hn-        At∂-Zn-hkw am{Xw ]m¬ Fgp-∂≈n®v hbv°p∂
                                                                                  -
ti-j-߃ klnXw t£{X-Øn¬ Xncn-s®-gp-∂-           Ac-bm¬ Xd-bpsS kao]w hsc HmSn-sb-Øp-∂p.
≈n- b m¬ {ioIrjv W _en- _ nw_w am{Xw           AhnsS n∂v c≠v t]cpw H∂n®v rØw shbv°p-
tZhIohkp-tZ-h∑m-cpsS km∂n-≤y-ap≈ s]m≥sN-
             -                                 ∂p. CSbv°v tPyjvT≥ Adn-bmsX Ap-P≥ ]n¥n-
ºIXd-bn¬ Fgp-∂≈n®v hbv°p-∂p.
                  -                            cn-t™m-Sp-∂p. tPyjvT≥ rØw sNøp-∂-Xn-n-S-
      Bdmw XobXn `‡n-ck{][m-hpw hnIm-         bn¬ Ap-Ps ImWmsX Xncn™v tm°p-∂p.
c-n¿`-c-hp-amb "IqSn-∏n-cn-b¬' F∂ t]cn-ep≈    Ap- P ≥ AXm ]n∂n¬ Xs∂bpw tm°n
rtØm-’hw S-°p-∂p. sshIp-t∂cw GI-tZiw         n¬°p- ∂ p. tPyjv T ≥ HmSn Ap- P s‚ ASp-
3 aWn-tbm-Sp-IqSn _en-_nw-_-߃ Nm¿tØm-Sp-      sØØn c≠p- t ]cpw H∏w ho≠pw rØw
IqSn ]pd-sØ-gp-∂-≈n®v X{¥n Np‰º-e-Øn¬          sNbvXp apt∂m´v oßp-∂p. CXv ]e- X-hW
{io`q-X-_en n¿Δ-ln-°p-∂p. At∏m-tg°pw ]¥-      Bh¿Øn-°p-∂p. ktlm-Z-c-∑m-cpsS kvtl-{]-I-
°mcpw hmZy-°m-cp-sa√mw Xømdm-bn-cn-°pw. rØw   Sw `‡-P--ßsf tImƒa-bn¿sIm≈n-°p-∂p.
Bcw-`n-°p-tºm-tg°pw tamXncw h®v sXmgm-p≈      k‘y-bm-Im-dm-Ip-tºmƒ ]mearX≥ ]m¬°pSw
Xnc-°m-bn. k¿Δm-`o-jvS-߃°pw-th≠n `‡-P-        inc- n¬ hln®v Iøn¬ Hme-°p-Sbpw BNm-c-h-
-߃ cma-Ir-jvW-∑m¿°v tamXncw h®v sXmgp-       Sn-bp-ambn tKmhnμP]-tØmsS Bth-i-Øn¬
∂p. aμ-K-Xn-bn¬ am{Xta rØw h®v apt∂m´v        t£{X-Øn-te°v hcp-tºmƒ ]m{X-Øn-ep≈ ]m¬
oßm≥ Cu Ah-kcw km[n-°p-I-bp-f-fq. {Ia-        ]X-®p-a-dn-bp-∂Xv ImWmw. At∏mƒ F√mw ad∂v
                                                                  ]m¬ shÆ-tN¿∂p≈ t`mP-
                                                                  -tam-tcm-∂n¬ sImXn-b-mb
                                                                  s]m∂pÆn IÆ≥ Xs‚
                                                                  {ioeI-tØ°v HmSn ad-bp-∂p.
                                                                  hnjm-Z-I-ep-jn-X-mbn hnc-l-
                                                                  th-Z--tbmsS _e-`-{Z-kzman
                                                                  kzÿm-  - a mb agqcn- t e°v
                                                                  aSßp-∂p. B-μ-tem-e-mbn
                                                                  sIm´pw Ipc-hbpw BI-º-Sn-
                                                                  bp-ambn Ap-Ps ImWm≥
                                                                  h∂ tPyjvT≥ Ipd®p ]¥-
                                                                  °mcpw a‰v Ig-I°mcpw tNmbn-
                                                                                    -
                                                                  bm-ºnbpw a‰p-ambn {XnIm-e-
                                                                  m- Y - s - ¶ nepw           amp-
                                                                  jnI`mhw ssIs°m≠p
                                                                  Xr®w- _ - c - t ØmSp bm{X- ] -
                                                                  d™v t]mIp-∂p. IÆn-eo-d-p-
                                                                  ambn, KZv K - Z - I - W v T -  mbn
                                                                  hnizm- k n- I ƒ        tKmhnμ


                                          - 225 -
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011

tKmhnμ F∂v o´n-hn-fn-°p-∂p. k¿Δcpw tcmam-        B-hn-tcm[w:
©-]p-f-In-X-cm-Ip∂ Hcp cwKw. ]Xn-mev Znh-              Xr®w-_-c-Ø-∏s‚ Bhntcm[w hfsc
ksØ D¬k-h-Ønv Aßs Xnc-»oe hogp-I-               {]kn-≤-amWv. Iwk-h-[-Ønv tij-ap≈ `mh-Øn-
bm-Wv.                                            em-Wt√m Xr®w-_cØ∏s‚ {]Xn-jvT. Xs∂ hI-
                                                                       - - -
     Xr®w-_cØv sh®v cma-Ir-jvWeo-eIƒ Hcp
                -               -    -            h-cp-Øm≥ h∂ Iph-e-bm-]o-U-Øns‚ hwi-P-
Xh- W - s b- ¶ nepw ImWm≥ km[n- ° p- ∂ - h ¿°v    tcmSpw Ahn-Sp-tØ°v AS-ßmØ ]I-bm-Wv.
]p¿P-∑-an-s√∂pw ]c-]p-cp-jm¿∞w km[n-°p-          C∂pw ]qt°mØv S-bn¬ IqSn-tbm, Xr®w-_cw
sa∂pw `‡-P--߃ hniz-kn-°p-∂p.                    t£{X-]-cn-k-c-Øp-Iq-Sntbm Bsb sIm≠p-t]m-
D’h {]ikvXn                                       Im≥ ss[cy-s∏-Sm-dn-√. CXnv hncp-≤-ambn {]hr-
                                                  Øn-®-t∏m-sg√mw An-jvS-kw-`-h-߃ D≠m-bn-´p-
        Hcn°¬ Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ alm-cm-Pmhv Xr®w-   ≠v. inh-cm-{Xn-°pw, hnjp-hnpw Xr®w-_cØ∏s
                                                                                         - - -
_cw atlm-’hw ImWm-n-Sbmbn. D’-hØns‚
                               -        -         Xfn-∏-d-º-Ø-∏s‚ khn-[-Øn-te°v Fgp-∂-≈n-
NS- ß p- I fpw Bƒ°q- ´ hpw alm- c m- P m- h ns   °pI ]Xn-hp-≠v. Xfn-∏-d-ºn-em-sW-¶n¬ inh-cm{Xn
h√msX BI¿jn-®p. m´n¬ Xncn-s®-Ønb alm-            D’-h-Ønv B IqSn-tb-Xo-cq. A-∏p-d-ØmWv
cm- P mhv GXm- Z r- i - a mb Hcp’hw kztZ- i Øv    s]cpw- X r- t °m- h ne∏s Fgp- ∂ - ≈ n- ° p- ∂ - X v .
kwL-Sn-∏n-°p-hm≥ Xocp-am-n-®v I¬∏ sImSp-        F∂m¬ Xr®w-_-c-Øp-n-∂v Fgp-∂-≈n∏v hcp-
Øp. D’hw S-∂p-sh-¶nepw ImWn-Iƒ Ipdhv.            tºmƒ hgn-bn-tem, Xfn-∏-dºv t£{X-]-cn-k-ctØm
cmPm-hnv Xr]vXn-bm-bn-√. D’-h-Ønv kZybpw        Fßpw- Xs∂ Bsb ImWp-I-bn-√.
k¿Δm-Wnbpw G¿s∏-Sp-Øn. F∂n´pw XssY-h.
_p≤n- c m- £ - k -  mb Xs‚ D]- t Zin cma- ø sc      H∂v c≠v t«mI- ß ƒIqSn D≤- c n®v Cu
CXns‚ clkyw Adn-™p-h-cm≥ Xr®w-_-c-tØ-             teJw Ah-km-n-∏n-°mw.
°-b®p-hs{X. cma-ø≥ Chn-sS-h∂v D’hw ho£n-
      -   -                                       Xrs®-Ω-cØp s]cp-amƒ°v sNdp-∏-sa-∂˛
®p. `K-hms sXmgp-Xp-Imcyw a- n-em°n aS-ßn.      ßpss®¿ hnfn-®p-]-d-bp-∂nXp temI-sc-√mw,
alm-cm-Pm-hns apJw ImWn-®p ImcWw hnh-cn-         hnizw Nabv°pap-S-t-bXp ImØgn°pw
®p-sIm-Sp-Øp-h-t{X. `K-hm≥ {ioIr-jvWs‚ _en-       hnssizImYp Ifn-∏p-c-sb-∂t]mse
_nw-_-Øn-ep≈ thWp-tKm-]m-e-hn-{K-l-Øn¬                  CXns‚ I¿Øm-hm-sc∂p n›-b-an-√. ]pcm-
n∂pw ]pd-s∏-Sp∂ apc-fo-mZw `‡-P--ßsf           W-{]-Imcw Iwk-h-[w, {ioIr-jvWs‚ ]{¥≠mw
BI¿jn-°p-∂p. Xr®w-_-c-Ø-∏s‚ amlmflyw               hb- n¬ inh-cm-{Xn- Zn--am-Wv. At∏mƒ Xr®w-
Ah¿Æ-o-b-am-sW∂p t_m[y-s∏´ alm-cm-Pmhv           _-cØ∏v sNdp∏w Xs∂-bm-bn-cn-°p-at√m. temI-
                                                      - -                           -
B DZy- a - Ø n¬ n∂pw ]n¥n- c n- ™ p. C∂pw        am-Ip∂ Ifn-hoSv D≠m-°pIbpw C√m-Xm-°p-Ibpw
D’hw ImWm≥ hcp-∂-h¿°v t_m[y-s∏-Sp∂                Agn®p]Wn-bp-I-bp-sa√mw sNøp-∂Xv `K-hmv
Hcp Imcy-amWv D’hw XpS-ßm≥ tc-am-Ip-tºm-         sIm®p-Ip-´n-Iƒ aÆp-sIm≠v Ifn-hoSv D≠m-°p-
tg°pw P-߃ FhnsS n∂-dn-bm-ØhÆw h∂p-             ∂Xv t]mse-bm-Wv.
tNcp- ∂ Xpw D’hw Ah- k m-  n- ° p- t ºmƒ
]ncn™p t]mIp-∂-Xpw.                                             {io iw_-tc-imb a:




        sI. sF. mcm-b-W≥ amÿ : dn´. A[ym-]-I≥. Xr®w-_wcw t£{XØnse ap≥ `m-c-hm-ln.




                                             - 227 -
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011


        t£t{Xm-’-h-ß-fnse
     BNm-c-ßfpw Ap-jvTm--ßfpw
                                         An-b≥
                                                                      Xv. {Kma-Ønv apgp-
                                                                      h≥ t{ib-   v°- c -
                                                                      amWv D’-hw. {Kmao-
                                                                      W¿ apgp-hpw HcpX-
                                                                      c- Ø n¬ As√- ¶ n¬
                                                                      as‰m-cp-XcØn¬ D’-
                                                                                 - -
                                                                      h-Øn¬ `mK-`m-°p-I-
                                                                      fm-Ip-∂p. {Kma-Øns‚
                                                                      k¿Δ-tXm≥ap-J-amb
                                                                      A`n- h r≤n      tZh-
                                                                      s‚bpw ]cn-hm-c-ß-fp-
                                                                      sSbpw Ap-{K-lm-»n-
                                                                       p-I-tfmsS sIm√w-
                                                                      tXmdpw D’hw Ap-
                                                                      jv T n- ® m¬ D≠m- I p-
                                                                      ∂p. F√m tZh-
                                                                      ∑m¿°pw Znhk hyh-
                                                                      ÿ- t bmsS F√m
      ""D’hw'' F∂ ]Z- Ø nv nJWv U p           h¿jhpw k¿Δ- k - º Xv k ar- ≤ nsb Dt±- i n®v
¬Ip∂ A¿∞w BtLm-jw, BÀm-Zm-h-k-cw,              D’hw S-Ø-Ww.
BÀmZw Xcp∂ hkv X p Fs∂m- s °- b m- W v .
                                                D’-h-Øns‚ BKaw
F∂m¬ t£{X- h p- a mbn _‘- s ∏- S p- Ø n- b m¬
D’hw F∂ ]Z-Ønv Iev]n-°p∂ A¿∞w                        {io]m¿ΔXn]c-ta-izc ]p{X-mb Ipam-c-
t£{X-ß-fn¬ S-Øp∂ BtLm-j-߃, D¿[z-              kzman Xmc-Im-kp-cs h[n®v tZh-∑m¿°v kz¿§m-
`m-KtØ-°p≈ Hgp°v F∂m-Wv. ]qPm-cn-bp-sS-tbm,
    -                                           [n-]-XysØ Xncn-t®¬∏n-®p. B-μ-`-cn-X-cmb
t£{X Bcm-[-I-cp-sStbm A{i-≤-sIm≠v t£{X-         C{μmZn tZh-∑m¿ Ipam-c-kzm-an-bpsS kao-]-Øp-
Ønse ssNX-y-Ønv D≠m-Im-hp∂ ]mI-∏n-g-I-        sN∂v ""At±-lsØ Ae-¶-cn® tZh-c-Y-Øn-te‰n
fpsS ]cn-lm-cm¿∞-amWv D’-h-߃ S-Øp-∂-          AXnYn k¬°m- c mZn D]- N m- c - ß sf sNbv X v
Xv. aX-Ønse Hmtcm hn`m-K-Øn-s‚-bpw, tZi-Øn-     ]qPn®v tZh-]p-c-Ønse F√m hoYn-I-fnepw Fgp-
s‚bpw k¶-ev]-a-p-k-cn®v BtLm-j-߃°pw           ∂-≈n®v D’-hm-tLm-j]p-c cw Bcm-[n-°p-hm≥''
                                                                    - -
hyXym-k-ap-≠v. ssNX-y-tNm¿® h∂n-cn-°m-n-S-    D≈ Ap-{Klw tNmZn-®p. k¥p-jvS-mb Ipam-c-
bp≈ t£{X-am-Ip∂ ]m{X-Øn¬ ssNX-y-Pew            kzman Cu k¬°m- c - ß ƒ°pw BtLm- j -
Ihn-s™m-gp-Ip∂ hn[w Xm{¥n-I-hn[n Ap-k-         ߃°pw F√m tZh-∑mcpw `mK-`m-°p-I-fm-IWw
cn®v nd-°p-I-bmWv D’-hm-h-k-c-Øn¬ sNøp-∂-      F∂v D]-tZ-in-°p-I-bpw, D’-hm-tLm-j-Øn¬


                                           - 229 -
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011

Ap-kcn-t°≠ hn[n-Iƒ Fs¥-√m-
       -
sa∂v n¿t±-in-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp.
Cßns kzman- b psS A`n- a - X w-
t]mse D’hmtLmj- ß ƒ S-
Ønb tZh-`qX]nim-Nm-Zn-Iƒ kzman-
bpsS Ap-{K-l-Ønv ]m{Xo-`q-X-cm-
bn. A-¥cw Ipam-c-kzman tZh-∑m-
tcmSv Xn°v am{X-ambn D’-hm-
tLm-j-߃ sNbvXv a‰p-≈-hsc ad-
°p-∂Xv tZmj-amWv F∂pw, Xß-
fpsS ne-bv°-p-kr-X-ambn `‡-∑m-
sc-√m-hcpw F√m tZhm-e-b-ß-fnepw
D’-hm-tLm-j-߃ BN-cn-°-W-
sa∂pw n¿t±-in-®p. CXn-p-th≠
tZhm- K - a w,  hn[n-  n¿Æ- b w,
tPymXnimkv{Xw F∂nh kp{_-“-
Wy-kzman Xs∂ n¿t±in°pIbpw
sNbvXp.
aq∂v hn[-Øn-ep≈ D’-h-߃:
       A¶p-cm-Zn, [zPm-Zn, ]S-lm-Zn
F∂n- ß s aq∂v hn[- Ø n- e p≈
D’-h-߃ D≠v. A¶p-cm-Zn-bmb
D’hw DØ-a-hpw, [zPmZn D’hw
am≤y-a-hpw, ]S-lmZn D’hw A[-a-
hp-amWv F∂v ]d-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. A¶p-cm-tcm-]-W-
                                                       A¶p-cmZn D’h-Ønv AXns‚ ]oTnI (B-
tØm-Sp-IqSn (ap-fbn-S¬) XpS-ßp∂ D’hw ""A¶p-
                 -
                                                 ap-Jw) Bb ""ip≤n'', Hcp Znhkw sshIp-t∂-csØ
cmZn'' D’hw F∂pw, apf-bn-SmsX sImSn-I-b-‰pI
                                                 {]kmZip≤nbpw ]nt‰∂v ImesØ _nw_-ip-
am{X-ambn XpS-ßp∂ D’hw ""[zPmZn'' F∂pw,
apf-bn-S-epw, sImSn-I-b-‰epw C√msX sIm´n-∏p-d-   ≤nbpw IqSn-t®¿∂-Xm-Wv. {]tXyI `mj-bn-ep-≈,
s∏-Sp∂ D’hw ""]S-lmZn'' F∂pw Adn-b-s∏-Sp-        tZh-ssN-Xyw Bhm-ln®v ]qPn-®, apf-ºm-en-I-I-
∂p. ]S-lm-Zn°pw Be-¶m-cn-I-ambn Nne t£{X-        fmWv apf- b n- S - e nv D]- t bm- K n- ° p- I . CØcw
ß-fn¬ sImSn-acw m´pI ]Xn-hp-≠v. ]S-lmZn         apfw]men-I-Isf icmhw (N-cm-Xv), hSn-I, ]men
D’-h-Ønv Ft´m H≥]tXm Znhkw ]pd-tØ°v             F∂o ma-t[-b-ß-fnepw Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. hnhn[
Fgp-∂≈n∏v D≠mIpw; BtLm-jßfpw D≠m-Ipw.
        -                      -                 [my-߃ ]men¬ IpXn¿Øv, Huj-[o-i-mb
Hcp nebv°v Btem-Nn-®m¬ tZho-tZ-h-∑m¿ `‡-        N{μs Bhm-ln®v ]qPn®v aÆpw, aW-epw, NmW-
P--ß-fn-te°v Cd-ßn-s®-√p∂ D’h k{º-Zm-b-         I- s ∏m- S nbpw nd® apfw]men- I - I - f n¬ hnX®v
am-Wv ]S-lm-Zn. h¿j-Øn¬ H∂n¬°q-Sp-X¬ D’-         kq£n-°pw. apf-bn-S-env D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ [my-
h-߃ S-Øp∂ t£{X-ß-fmWv Xr∏q-Wn-Øp-d-            ߃ h-[m-y-߃ F∂ t]cn¬ Adn-b-s∏-Sp-
bnse {io]q¿Æ-{X-bo-i-t£-{X-hpw, Xncp-h--¥-      ∂p. (bhw , sNs∂-√v, F≈v, sNdp-]-b¿, tKmX-
]p-csØ {io ]fl-m-`-kzman t£{X-hpw.               ºv, shfpØ ISp-Iv, apXn-c, Dgp-∂v, Aac F∂n-h-
                                                 bmWv h-[m-y-߃). [my-ß-fpsS FÆ-hpw,
apf-bn-S¬

                                            - 230 -
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011

[my-ßfpw aq¿Øn-t`Zw Ap-k-
cn®v hyXy-kvX-am-bn-cn-°pw. ]≈n-
th´ Znhkw hsc F∂pw {Xnk-
‘y- t - c - ß - f n¬ a™ƒs∏mSn
tN¿Ø Pew sIm≠v Chsb
- ° pw. Cu apfw]men- I - I ƒ
Bdm- ´ ns‚ Xte- Z n- h kw {]Xn-
jvTm-aq¿Øn-bpsS ]≈n-°p-dp-∏n-
sm-cp-°p∂ iø-bpsS mep-h-
ihpw [my-k-ar-≤n-bpsS kqN--
bmbn Ae-¶-cn®v hbv°m-dp-≠v.
sImSnI-b‰w
       t£{X- ß - f n¬ ""sImSn-
tb‰''tØmsS D’-h-߃ Bcw-
`n-°p-∂p. AXm-bXv t£t{Xm-’-
h- ß - f psS {]mcw` NS- ß mWv
sImSn- I - b - ‰ w. sImSn- a - c - Ø ns‚
apI-fn¬ sImSn-I-b‰n Xq°p-I-
bmWv sImSn-tb-‰-Ønse {][m I¿Ωw. sImSn-         j-Z∑m-cpsS _en-°√p-Ifnepw shtΔsd _en-Xq-
                                                   -                -   -
a-c-Øn-t∑¬ Ben-ebpw amhn-ebpw Z¿`bpw Iq´n-      Ipw. ""{io`q-X-_en''°mIs´ hym]vXn H∂pIqSn
s°´n Ae-¶-cn-®n-cn-°-Ww. ÿncw sImSn-acw         h¿≤n-°pw. Hmtcm ]m¿j-Z-s‚bpw _en-°-√n¬
C√mØ t£{X-ß-fn¬ CXn-p-th≠n {]tXyI              AXmXv ]m¿j-Zs‚ a{¥w-sIm≠v _en-Xq-Ip-∂-
acw apdn®v BtLm- j - t ØmsS sIm≠p- h ∂v         Xnp ]pd-sa, B ]m¿j-Zs‚ ]m¿j-Z∑m¿°v IqSn
                                                                                   -
t£{X-Ønp apºn¬ X°-ÿ-eØv (h-enb _en-            _en Xqh-ep-≠v. AtXm-sSm∏w ]pdsØ {]Z-£n-
°-√ns‚ ]pdØv 3 tIm¬ am‰n [zP ÿmw hcp-          W-Øns‚ kwJybpw h¿≤n-°pw. ioth-en-bpsS `mK-
am-dv) ÿm]n-°p-∂p. ÿncw sImSn-acw Ds≠-¶n¬       ambn t£{X-Ønse tZhs‚ As√-¶n¬ tZhn-bpsS
]pWym-lm-Zn-I-fpw, Bhm-l--hpw, ]qP-Ifpw a‰pw   XnSºv awKf hmZy-ßtfm-sSbpw Ap-jTm-]camb
                                                                      -              v   - - -
Ign™v sImSn-°q-dsb Ib-dn¬s°´n Itc‰n sI´p-       NS-ßp-Itfm-sSbpw t£{X-Ønp Np‰pw {]Z-£n-W-
                                                         -
∂p. Nne -t£-{X-ß-fn¬ sImSn-tb‰v Znhkw a‰p       ambn Fgp-∂≈n-°m-dp-≠.v ""ImgvNio-then'' F∂mWv
                                                            -                 -
                                                CXns ]d-bp-∂X.v-
]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ H∂pw D≠m-hp-I-bn-√. D’hw XpS-
ßp-∂Xv ]nt‰-Zn-hkw apX-em-bn-cn-°pw.            D’-h_en
                                                    -
ioth-enbpw {io`q-X_enbpw
                  - -                                  {io`q-X-_-en-bpsS Hcp henb ]Xn-∏mWv
                                                D’-h-_-en. Cu al-Ømb _en D’-h-Øn-n-S-
       sslμh t£{X-ßfnse Bcm-[m-]camb
                        -          -   - -      bn¬ Hcp Znh-k-sa-¶nepw Ap-jvTn-bvt°-≠-Xm-
NS-ßp-Ifn¬ H∂mWv ioth-en. alm-t£-{X-ßfn¬
         -                                 -    Wv. D’-h-_en C√m-tXbpw D’-h-߃ S-Øn-
F√mw 5 ]qP-Ifpw 3 ioth-en-Ifpw D≠m-bn-cn-°pw.   h-cm-dp-≠v. F√m Znh-k-ß-fnepw D’-h-_en S-
F√m ]qP°pw ""Xqhm≥ AS-bv°¬'' D≠-t√m.            Øp∂ t£{X-ßfpw D≠v. tZh-s‚ ]cn-hm-c-ßsf
Xncp-ap-‰Øv A·n-tIm-Wn-ep≈ _en-°√n¬ im¥n-
                                 -              hnti-j-a-{¥-ß-tfm-Sp-IqSn Pe-˛-K-‘-˛-]p-jv]-˛-[q-]-
°m-c≥ Hmtcm ]qPbv°pw _en-Xq-Ipw. ioth-en-       ˛-Zo-]-ß-tfm-Sp-IqSn ]qPn®v {]tXy-I-ambn ]qPn®
bv°m-Is´ _en-Xq-I¬ Iptd-°qSn hnkvXcn-®m-bn-
                                     -          lhn- p-sIm≠v _en-Xq-Ip∂ k{º-Zm-bamWv D’-
                                                                                      -
cn-°pw. t£{X-Øn-IØpw ]pd-Øp-ap≈ F√m ]m¿-
                 -                              h-_en F∂v ]d-bmw.


                                           - 231 -
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011

   D’-h-_-en°v 36 ]d Acn-bpsS ssthZyw             ]pcmWw hmbn®v tIƒ∏n®v XncnsI {iotImhn-
thWsa-∂mWv hbv]v.                                  en-te-bv°p-Xs∂ Fgp-∂-≈n-°p-∂p. D’-h-Im-
]≈n-th´                                            esØ G‰hpw D¬Ir-jvS-amb k∑p-lq¿Ø-am-b-
                                                   Xn-m¬ Cu ka-bsØ tZh-Z¿iw hnin-jvSsa∂v
                                                                                      -
       P- ß - f psS sskzcy- P o- h nXw Dd- ∏ m-   hnti-jn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂p.
°m≥th≠n t£{X-Ønse {]Xn-jvTm-aq¿Ønsb
km£n-bm°n, P-t-Xm-°ƒ kwL-Sn-∏n-®n-cp∂            Bdm´v
hm¿jnI ""arK- b m- h n- t mZ''ambn- c p∂p ]≈n-          t£t{Xm- ’ - h - Ø ns‚ Ah- k mZnhkw
th-´. B NSßv Ct∏mgpw Bdm-´ns‚ Xte-Zn-hkw           D’-h-_nw-_sØ (Xn-S-ºn-s) GsX-¶nepw Pem-
cm{Xn XpS¿∂p-h-cp-∂p. ]≈n-th-´-bpsS Bap-J-         i-bØn¬ ocm-Sn-°p∂ NS-ßmWv Bdm-´.v kzkvXn
                                                       -
ambn {io`q-X-_-en-bp-≠v. tKm]p-c-Ønv ]pdØv        kq‡-hpw, awK-e-kq-‡hpw P]n-®p-sIm≠v D’-
IS-∂m¬ hmZy-tLm-j-ß-fn-√m-sX-bmWv bm{X.            h-_nw_w Bdm´nmbn ]pd-tØ°v Fgp-∂-≈n-
n›n-X-ÿ-eØv hbvt°mepw a‰pw-sIm≠v Iem-             °p-I-bpw, kwhmZkq‡hpw sFI-a-Xy-kq-‡hpw
]-c-ambn sI´n-bp-≠m-°nb Hcp ]∂nsb Xøm-             P]n-®p-sIm≠v B _nw_-hp-ambn X{¥n Pe-Øn¬
dm°n h®n-cn-°pw. Hcm¬Ø-d-bn-emWv an°-hmdpw         apßp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. Bdm´v Ign™v D’-h-
CXv ]Xn-hv. B¬Ø-d-bpsS 8 Zn°nepw X{¥n              _nw_w {iotIm-hn-en¬ Xncn-s®-Øn-°-gn-™m¬
_en-Xq-In-°-gn-™m¬, hn√pw Aºpw FSp-Øn-             t£{X-Øn¬ sImSn-bn-d-°p-Ibpw D’hw kam-
´p≈ Hcp Ah-Im-i-°m-c≥ X{¥n-bpsS Ap-hmZw           ]n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. Nne t£{X-ß-fn¬ sImSn-
taSn- ® - t ijw ]∂n- b psS tsc Asº- b p- ∂ p.     bn-d°v Ign-™mWv Bdm´v S-Øp-∂-Xv. D’-h-
]∂nsb sIm∂p F∂v k¶-ev]n®v PUhpw Npa-               Øn-mbn ]pd-sØ-Sp-°p∂ D’-h-_nw-_sØ
∂p-sIm≠v t£{X-Øn-te-bv°p≈ Xncns®gp-∂-              D’-hm-¥y-Øn¬ ip≤o-I-cn®v ]p: {]Xn-jvTn-
≈n∏v Hcp tLmj-bm-{X-bm-bn-´m-bn-cn-°pw. Cu         °p∂p F∂v k¶-ev]w.
tLmj-bm-{X-bn¬ sI´n-bp-≠m-°nb a‰v ]e arK-
ß-fpsS cq]-ßfpw I≠p-h-cm-dp-≠v.                    BNm-cy-X-]-km-avmb Pt]--n-b-ta N:
                                                   D’thm-∂-Zm-t t£{X-hr≤nkvXp ]©[m
]≈n-°p-dp∏pw ]≈n-bp-W¿Øepw
       ]≈n-th-´-I-gn™v ]co-£oW-mbn hcp∂           ""BNm-cys‚ {i≤-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bp≈ at{¥m-®m-cWw
tZhs Ae-¶-cn®v ]qPn® iø-bn¬ Xm{¥n-I-{In-          P]w, Bfl-ip-≤n, D’-hw, A∂-Zmw
b-I-tfmsS InSØn Dd-°p∂ NS-ßmWv ]≈n-°p-             Cßns 5 Imcy-߃s°m≠v t£{X-Ønv
dp-∏v. ]≈n-°p-dp∏v Znhkw t£{Xm-¶-W-Øn¬ Dd-         A`n-hr-≤n D≠m-Ip-∂p.'' Ch-bn¬ ]ca
°-sam-gn-®n-cp∂v au-ambn ma-P-]-ß-tfmsS tZh-     {][m--am-bXv D’hw Xs∂.
tkh sNøp-∂Xv AXyp¬Ir-jvS-am-Wv.                    ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛
    tZhs n{Z-bn¬ n∂p-W¿Øn ]ip-°p-´n-            Ah-ew_w : 1. Ipgn-°m´v ]® (X-{¥-{K-Ÿw)
tbbpw AjvS-aw-K-ey-ß-tfbpw IWn-Im-Wn-®-                          2. lnμp F≥-ssk-t¢m-]o-Unb
tijw A`n-tj-I-߃ XpS-ßnb {]`m-X-I¿Ω-                             3. sslμh hn⁄m--tImiw
߃ Ign®v, _nw_w k¿Δm-e-¶mc`qjn-X-am-°n,                          4. ]pcm-WnIv F≥ssk-t¢m-]o-Unb



                  An-b≥ :˛ dn´-tb¿Uv _m¶v Dt±ym-K-ÿ≥. Xma-c-wIp-f-ßc Aø-∏-tk-hm-
                  k-an-Xn-bpsS kPo-h-{]-h¿Ø-I≥.



                                              - 232 -
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011


 DØ-c-a-e-_m-dnse hyXy-kvX-ß-fmb
         D’-h-°m-gvN-Iƒ
                                       Fw.-B¿.-F-kv. tatm≥


     Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿, sIm®n, Z£nWae-_m¿               am-Sw, I√q¿ XpS-ßnb C√-ß-fn-ep≈h¿°pw
`mK-ß-fnse t£t{Xm-’-h-ß-fn¬n∂v XnI®pw                ChnsS {]th-i--an-√.
hyXy- k v X - a mb H∂mWv DØ- c - a - e - _ m- d nse         hr›nI kw{Iaw apX¬ hr›nIw 14 hsc
t£t{Xm- ’ - h - ß ƒ, DØ- c - a - e - _ m¿ F∂- X p-    ]Xn-©p Znh-ksØ Bcm-[--bmWv Chn-SpsØ
sIm≠v IÆq-cnp hS°v hf-]-´Ww ]pg°pw                   D’-hw. sImSn-actam sImSn-tb-t‰m, Bdmt´m Chn-
                                                                            -
I¿Æm-SI AXn¿Øn-bnse t{Xm-h-Xn-]p-g°pw                sS-bn-√. XnS-sº-gp-∂-≈n-∏mWv Chn-SpsØ Bcm-
CS-°p≈ `qhn-`m-K-sØ-bmWv Dt±-in-°p-∂-Xv.              [--bpsS apJym-I¿j-Ww. atm-l-c-ambn Ae-¶-
sXø-t°m-e-ßfpw sshhn-[y-am¿∂ BNm-c-ßfpw               cn® XnSºv im¥n-°m-cs‚ Xe-bn-emWv Fgp-∂-
Ap-jvTm--ßfpw DØ-c-a-e-_m-dnse t£t{Xm-              ≈n-°p-∂-Xv. ]©-hm-Zy-Ønpw taf-Ønpw {]i-
’-h-ßsf `‡n-bpsSbpw hnizm-k-Øn-s‚bpw                  kvX-cmb nc-h[n Iem-Im-c-∑m¿ ]ø-∂q-cnepw ]cn-
kwK-a-`q-an-bm-°p-∂p. ImgvN-I-tf-°mƒ Ap-jvTm-        k-cØpw D≠v. D’-h-Ønp F√m Znh-khpw
-߃°m-Wn-hnsS {]m[m-yw.                             tIfn ]©-hm-Zyw, tafw, mZ-kzcw Ch D≠m-Ipw.
]ø-∂q¿ Bcm-[                                         IY-Ifn, rØw XpS-ßnb Iem-]cn-]m-Sn-Ifpw D’-
                                                                                            -
                                                      h- t Øm- S -  p- _ - ‘ n®v ]Xn- h p- ≠ v . Hcp h¿jw
       DØ-c-a-e-_m-dnse D’-h-ß-fpsS XpS°w             samØw 22 Bcm-[bpw 22 {io`q-X_enbpw thW-
                                                                              -               - -
Ipdn-°p-∂Xv ]ø-∂q¿ kp{_-“-Wy-t£-{X-Ønse               sa-∂mWv n›bw. hr›n-I-kw-{I-a-Ønv c≠p
Bcm-[ F∂ D’-h-tØm-sS-bm-Wv. ]øs‚                     Bcm-[-bpw, c≠p {io`q-X-_-enbpw hr›nIw 1
DucmWv ]ø-∂q-cm-b-Xv. tIme-Øvm-´n¬ s]cp-             apX¬ 14 hsc 14 Bcm-[-bpw 14 {io`q-X-_-enbpw
am-°-∑m-cmbn Bcm-[n-°-s∏´ A©p t£{X-tZ-h-              S-°pw. a‰v BsdÆw a‰p amk-ß-fn¬ S°pw
∑m-cn¬ Hcp tZh-mWv ]ø∂q¿ s]cp-amƒ. Xr®w-             Bdv, H≥]Xv, ]{¥≠v Znh-k-ß-fnse Bcm-[m
_-cØv _me-Ir-jvW-s∏-cp-amƒ, s]cp-©-√q¿ (X-            D’-h-Øn-mWv Gsd {]m[m-yw.
fn-∏-d-ºv) oe-I-WvT-s∏-cp-amƒ, Xncp-h-ßmSv (X-e-
t»-cn) {iocm-a-N-{μ-s∏-cp-amƒ, sIm´n-bq¿ {io]-c-      XnS-ºp-rØw
ta-iz-cs∏-cp-amƒ F∂n-hcmWv a‰p mep tZh-∑m¿.
       -                -                                   DØ-c-a-e-_m-dnse t£t{Xm-’-h-߃°v
tIc-f-Ønse 64 {Kma-ß-fn¬ {][m--s∏´ H∂mbn-            hfsc A]q¿Δ-amtb B Fgp-∂-≈n∏v ]Xn-hp-
cp∂p ]ø- ∂ q¿. 12 ASn- t bmfw s]m°- a p≈              ≈q. D’-hØnv XnS-ºp-r-ØamWv {][m-w. Ae-
                                                                 -              -
aXn¬s°´n-IØv 3 1/2 G°¿ hnkr-Xn-bn-emWv               ¶-cn® ioth-en-_nw_w (Xn-S-ºv) Xe-bn-segp-∂-
t£{Xw ÿnXn-sN-øp-∂-Xv. KP-]r-jvS-am-Xr-I-bn-          ≈n®v ]mZ-N-e--߃°v {]m[m-y-tØmsS sNøp-
ep≈ ]n≥`m-Khpw c≠p-n-e-bp≈ sNºp-s]m-                 ∂-XmWv XnS-ºvrØw. amcm-∑m¿ sIm´p∂ Xmf-
Xn™ {iotIm-hnepw BdSn s]m°-ap≈ kp{_-                  Øn¬ {_m“-W¿(--ºq-Xncn AYhm F{ºm-¥n-
“-Wys‚ hn{K-lhpw ]ø-∂q¿ t£{XsØ hyXy-                  cn) rØwh°p-∂p. ºo-i≥, hmcy¿ jmc-Sn, DWn-
kvX-am-°p-∂p. n∂p-sIm-≠mWv ChnsS ]qP. ]c-            Øncn F∂n-h¿ hnf-°p-]n-Sn-°p-∂p. Ae-°n-b-h-
ip-cm-a {]-Xn-jvT-bp-≈-Xn-m¬ £{Xn-b¿°pw,             kv{Xw sRmdn-™p-SpØv rØ-°m-c≥ ]´p-Øcnbw
                                                                                            -
kym-kn-am¿°pw, a{¥-hm-Zn-Ifmb Imf-Im-´v, Im´p-
                              -                       D]-ho-X-am-b-Wn-bp-∂p. kz¿Æ-am-e, kz¿Æ-h-f,


                                                 - 241 -
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011

                                                                               a-e-_m-dnse imt‡b
                                                                               tI{μ-ß-fm-Wv. sIm√w
                                                                               ]njm- c n- ° mhv , Ifcn
                                                                               hmXp-°¬, amam--Øp-
                                                                               Imhv F∂n-hbm-Wv a‰p
                                                                                             -
                                                                               imt‡b D-]m-km-tI- -
                                                                               {μ-߃. aZyhpw a’y-
                                                                               amw- k - ß fpw Chn-
                                                                               SpsØ {iotIm-hnen¬
                                                                               nth-Zn-°p-∂p.
                                                                                 IÆq-cnpw ]ø-
                                                                           ∂-cnpw at≤y ]g-b-
                                                                           ßm-Sn°p kao-]-amWv
                                                                           amSm- b n- ° m- h v . AXyp-
                                                                           {Kbpw i‡n- k z- c q- ] n-
                                                                           Wn-bp-amWv amSmbn `K-
                        Xr®w-_csØ XnSºv rØw
                                -                                          h-Xn. ISp-i¿°-c-tbm-K-
                                                                         Øn- e p≈ hen- ∏ - a p≈
IpWvU-ew- F-∂nh AWn-™n-cn-°pw. Xe-bn¬ atm-l-c-amb hn{K-l-amWv tZhn-bp-tS-Xv. ao-
DjvWn-]oTw (X-e-∏m-hv) hbv°p-∂-Xns‚ aosX- Ønse ]qc-am-Wn-hn-SpsØ {][m D’-h-ß-fn-
bmWv hn{K- l w- h- ° p- ∂ Xv . ]q°ƒsIm≠pw sem-∂v. ]qcw S-°p∂ AizXn apX-ep≈ 8 Znh-
kz¿Æ-am-eIƒsIm≠pw XnSºv Ae-¶cn-®n-cn-°pw. k-°mew tZhn aln-jm-kp-c-h-[-Ønp Fgp-∂-≈p-
          -                           -
mep Xmf-Øn-emWv rØw. Hcp ssIsIm≠p sh∂ k¶¬∏-Øn¬ XnS-sº-gp-∂-≈n®v Ipd®p
XnSºv ]nSn-°pw. at‰-ssI ap-jvSn-ap-{Z-bmbn lrZ- sXt°m-´p-amdn tIm´ F∂ ÿesØ Hcp Xd-bn-
b-ÿm--Øp-]n-Sn-°pw. B-sb-gp-∂-≈n-∏p-t]mse te°v t]mIpw AhnsS Nmenb kap-Zm-b-Øns‚
{]Z-£n-W-tØmsS rØw Ah-km-n-°pw.               ]qc-°-fn-bp-≠m-hpw. tZhnsb Cd-°n-F-gp-∂-≈n®v
                                                ]qP SØn A∏w- t-Zn®v F√m-h¿°pw ¬In
      Xr®w-_cw t£{X-Ønse IrjvWpw _e-
                                                Ahn-sS-n∂v Xncn-sI-t]m-cpw. Ah-km--Zn-hkw
cm-apw tN¿∂p≈ rØhpw IqSn-∏n-cn-bepw lrZ-
                                                amSm-bn-°m-hn¬n∂p Ipd®p ]Sn-™mdp `mKØv
bmlmcn-bmb Hcp NS-ßm-Wv.-sN-dp-Xmgw t£{X-
                                                hSp- I p∂v inh- t £- { X- Ø np kao- ] - a p≈
Ønse khn-ti-jX mep XnS-ºp≈ rØ-am-
                                                Ipf- Ø n¬ ]qc- ° p- f n- ° mbn Fgp- ∂ - ≈ n- ° pw.
Wv. {iocm-a≥, lp-am≥, Zp¿§, inh≥ F∂n-
                                                ]qcm- t Lm- j - Ø ns‚ G‰hpw henb NS- ß m
hscbmWv Fgp-∂-≈n-°p-∂-Xv. lp-ams‚ XnS-
                                                -Wn-Xv.
sº-Sp-°p-∂-bmƒ CS°v Bth-iw-I-bdn hmc
tNjvS-Iƒ Im-Wn-°pw. me-©p-h¿jsØ ]cn-                  CS-h-am-k-Ønse Ieiw amSm-bn-°m-hnse
io- e wsImt≠ Hcp √ ¿Ø- I -  m- I m≥ as‰mcp D’-hmWv. C°m-eØv Ft´mfw sXø-
Ign-bq.                                         ßsf sIm´n-bmSn°p∂p. {][m--tImew Xncp-
                                                h¿°m´v `K-h-Xn-bp-tS-XmWv (am-Sm-bn-°m-hn-eΩ ˛
amSm-bn-°m-hv, a∂w-]p-d-ØvImhv                  Xmbv]c-tZ-h-X-sb∂pw ]d-bpw) DØ-c-a-e-_m-dnse
D’hw Ieiw                                       {][m--s∏´ Ifn-bm-´-ß-fn-sem-∂m-Wn-Xv.
      amSmbn°mhpw a∂w-]p-d-Øp-Imhpw DØ-c-                 oteizc-Ønp kao-]-ap≈ a∂w-]-d-ºp-Im-


                                               - 242 -
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011

hnepw ao-Ønse ]qc-°m-e-ØmWv {][m--s∏´
D’-h-ß-fn-sem-∂v. ]qc-Zn-hkw XnS-tº-‰nb ]ptcm-
ln-X≥ ote-izcw cmP-Ip-Spw_whI Xfn-bn¬
inh-t£-{X-Øn-seØn `K-hm-s-I≠v tImhn-e-I-
Øv Cd°n ]qP- I - g n™p Nnd- b n¬ ]qc- ° pfn
Ign™p aS-ßp-∂p.
      CS-h-Ønse IeiØnv, AWn-bn-s®m-cp-
°nb Iei Ipw`-߃ (a-Zyw) Xnø-k-ap-Zm-b-
Øn¬s∏-´-h¿ X≠n´v Npa-en-te‰n t£{X-Ønv
hew- s h- ° p- ∂ p. A∂p- X s∂ AcbkpZm- b -
Øn¬s∏-´-h¿ henb a’y-ßsf X≠n¬Øq°n
tZhn°p ImgvN-sh-°p-∂p. XpS¿∂v S-bn¬ `K-
hXn, Imf-cm{Xn, t£{X-]m-e≥, ssI°-tfm≥
F∂o sXø-t°m-e-߃sI´nbmSp-∂p. Cu im-
t‡-bIm-hp-Ifn¬ ]qP S-Øp-∂Xv ]nSm-S¿ F∂
      -        -
hn`m-K-Øn¬s∏´ {_m“-W-cm-Wv.
Ip∂-Øp¿∏mSn ]d»nn-°-Shv
      Xfn-∏-d-ºn¬n∂p Ing-t°m-´p-am-dn Ip∂-
Øp¿]m-Sn-a-e-bn¬ Dt±iw 3000 ASn Db-c-Øn-
emWv apØ-∏s‚ BcpVw k¶o¿Æ-ß-fmb NS-
ßp-Iƒ°p-tijw [p 2˛v ]mSn-bn¬ D’hw
Bcw-`n-°p-∂p. GXm≠v Hcp amk-°mew o≠p-                   ]d-»n-n-ap-Ø∏≥ sh≈m-´hpw Xncp-h∏bpw
                                                                      -                  - -
n¬°p∂ Cu D’-h-Ønp e£-°-W-°n-m-fp-
I-fm-sW-Øp-∂Xv. h-a[y-Øn¬ Xpd-kmbÿew.
               -    -                               Xnø¿ Xs∂-bmWv ]qP. aZyhpw a’y-amw-km-Zn-
AhnsS Hcp Kpl-°-IØv Hcp Xd-bn¬ Xm¬°m-               Ifpw ChnsS nth-Zn-°p-∂p.
enIambn sI´n-bp-≠m-°p∂ aS-∏p-c-bmWv {iotIm-               hr›nIw 16-mWv {][m D’hw sImSn-
hn¬. F∂pw apØ-∏s‚ tImew-sI-´n-bm-S-emWv             tb‰w. A∂p Zqc-ÿ-e-ß-fn¬ n∂v hnhn[ ]cn-
{][m]cn- ] mSn. cm{Xn- b n¬ h- a - ≤ y- Ø n¬      ]mSnI-tfmsS ImgvN-h-c-hp-≠m-Ipw. sh≈m-´hpw
IØp∂ Nq´p-I-‰-I-fpsS shfn-®-Ønse apØ-∏-             Xncp-h-∏-bpw Xs∂ ChnsS apJyw. 20-˛v sImSn-
Z¿iw Hcp-`q-Xn-bm-Wv.                             bn-d-°w. ao-am-k-Øn¬ nc-h[n sXø-߃ ]pd-
      DØ-c-a-e-_m-dn¬ F√m-bn-SØpw apØ-∏m-cm-        s∏-Sp∂ Ifn-bm´w D≠v. ChnsS D’-h-Øns‚
[m-bp-ambn _‘-s∏´ nc-h[n aS-∏p-cIƒ Ds≠-
    -                                 -             apJy B¿jWw apØ-∏s‚ tImew Xs∂-bm-Wv.
¶nepw ]d-»n-n-a-S-∏pc tIc-f-Ønse G‰hpw {]kn-       P-e-£-߃ XSn-®p-Iq-Sp-∂Xv apØ-∏s‚ apºn¬
≤-am-b t£{X-ß-fn-sem-∂m-Wv. ChnsS Znw-{]Xn         Xß-fpsS ZpxJ-߃ ka¿∏n-°mpw Bizmkw
]Xn-  m- b n- c - ß ƒ t£{X- Z ¿iw S- Ø p- ∂ p.   tXSm-p-am-Wv.
FØp-∂-h¿s°√mw kuPy `£-Whpw ¬Ip-                   sIm´n-bq¿ sshim-tJm-’hw
∂p. F∂pw sh≈m-´hpw Xncp-h-∏--bp-ambn apØ-
∏s‚ tImew-sI-´n-bm-Sp-∂-Xm-Wn-hn-SpsØ khn-               hf-]-´Ww]pg°v hS°p≈ DØ-c-a-e-_m-
ti-j-X. F√m kw{Im-¥n-Zn--ß-fnepw ºq-Xncn          dnse t£t{Xm-’-h-ß-sf-∏-‰n-bmWv Cu teJ--
]qPn-°p-∂p. a‰p Znh-kßfn¬ t£{X-DSaÿcmb
                        - -          - - - -        Øn¬ {]Xn-]m-Zn-°p-∂-sX-¶nepw i_-cn-a-e-t]mse


                                               - 243 -
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011

                                                                            hSn- b psS c≠- ‰ Øpw
                                                                            sI´n-Øq-°n-b -C-f-o-cp-I-
                                                                            fp- a mbn tKmhn- μ m- l cn
                                                                            F∂ ma- P - ] - t ØmsS
                                                                            FØn-t®cpw Xnø-k-ap-Zm-
                                                                            b- Ø n-  mWv Cf-  o- c m- ´ -
                                                                            Ønv Ah-Im-iw. P-e-
                                                                            £- ß ƒ ]s¶- S p- ° p∂
                                                                            Hcpamk-°m-esØ
                                                                            sshim-tJm-’hw
                                                                            Ign™p NnØn-c-m-fn¬
                                                                            Xncn- s ®- g p- ∂ - ≈ - t ØmsS
                                                                            D’-h-Ønp kam-]--am-
                                                                            Ipw. sIm´n-bq¿ ho≠pw
                                                                            ]Xn-sm∂p amk-tØ°p
                                                                            n»-_vZam-Ipw. C°-cs°-
                                                                                     -                 -
                       sIm´n-bq¿ sshim-tJm-’hw                              ´n-bq-cn¬ nXy-]q-P-bp-≠v.
                                                  Xfn-∏-dºv cmP-cm-tP-iz-c t£{Xw
h-a-≤y-Øn¬ ÿnXn-sN-øp-∂Xpw e£-°-W-
°nv Xo¿∞m-S-I¿ h¿jw-tXmdpw kμ¿in-°p-∂-                  {]ikvXnsIm≠p {]mNo--X-sIm≠pw ae-
Xp-amb sIm´n-bq¿ t£{X-tØbpw Ahn-SpsØ              _m-dnse G‰hpw {][m-s∏´ t£{X-amb Xfn-∏-
                                                                                -
sshim-tJm-’-h-sØbpw ]cm-a¿in-°msX Cu              dºv cmP-cm-tP-izc t£{Xw. Pb-e-fn-X-bp-sSbpw
teJw A]q¿Æ-am-bn-cn-°pw. 12140 slIvS¿ h-        bZyq-c∏bp-sSbpw kμ¿i-w-sIm≠pw aocm-Pm-kan≥
                                                        - -                                            v
`qan Cu t£{X-Øn-p-≠m-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw h-kw-       Ib-dn-bXn-s-∏‰n-bp≈ hnhm-Z߃sIm≠pw Cu
                                                            -     -                     -
c-£W nb-ahpw Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dn¬n-∂p≈ IpSn-      t£{Xw am[y-a-{i≤ ]nSn-®p-]-‰p-I-bp-≠m-b-t√m.
tb-‰-hpw-aqew `qan GXmpw G°-sdm-gnsI jvS-       {]mNo-amb s]cn-©√q¿ {Kma-Øn¬s∏-Sp∂ Cu
                                                              -         -
s∏´ Xe-t»-cn-n∂v 64 In.-an. Ing°v h-a-≤y-Øn-    t£{XØn¬ ]WvUn-X-∑m-scbpw Ihn-I-sfbpw
emWv t£{Xw. sshim-tJm-’-h-Ønp am{X-              Iem-Im-c∑m-scbpw ]´pw hfbpw ¬In BZ-cn-®n-
                                                                -
amWv Bcm-[-.-_m-h-en-∏p-g-bpsS Hcphiw h-a-      cp-∂p. Chn-Sp∂p In´p∂ _lp-aXn F√m cmPm-°-
≤y-Øn¬ A°-c-sIm-´n-bqcpw Ctß-hiw C°-c-            ∑mcpw AwKo- I - c n- ® n- c p- ∂ - X n-  m¬ Chn- S p∂p
sIm-´n-bq-cp-am-Wv. taS-Ønse hnimJw mfn¬         ¬Ip∂ hf [cn-®p-sIm≠p GXp cmP-kZ nepw          - -
sshim- t Jm- ’ hw Bcw- ` n- ° p- ∂ p. Z£- b mKw
                                                  t]mIm-am-bn-cp-∂p. ]e IqSn-bm-´ßfpw Chn-sS-bmWv
                                                                                      -
S-∂- ÿe-am-Wn-sX-∂mWv hnizm-kw. A°-sc-
                                                  Ac-t߉w Ipdn-®n-´p-≈Xv. k‘y°ptijsa me-
                                                                          -
sIm-´n-bq-cnse Hcp a¨X-d-bn-ep≈ sNdp-Ip-gn-bn-
emWv inh-enw-Kw. k¶o¿Æ-ß-fmb nc-h[n NS-          º-eØn¬ kv{XoIƒ {]th-in-°mhq F∂-XmWv
                                                      -
ßp-Iƒ Chn-SpsØ D’-h-Øn-p-≠v. A°-c-sIm-           as‰mcp khn- t i- j X ssh°w, G‰p- a m-  q¿,
´n-bq-cn¬ {]th-in-®m¬ _mh-en-∏p-g°v Ig-I-°m¿      hS°pwmY≥ t£{X-ß-sf-t∏mse {][m--s∏´
Nnd-sI-´p-∂p. hnjp apX¬ {hX-sa-SpØ ]Xn-m-        H∂msW-¶nepw ChnsS D’-hØnp {]m[m-y-an- -
bn-c-°-W-°nv Bfp-Iƒ ]s¶-Sp-°p∂ søm-´-           √. hnjphpw inh-cm-{Xn-bp-amWv {][m hnti-j-
amWv BZy-N-Sßv. mb¿ kap-Zm-b-Øns‚ Ah-            ߃. A∂v Hcm-∏p-dØv Fgp-∂≈n-°pw.- A-Xn-    -
Im-i-am-Wn-Xv. søm-´-Øn-p-tijw S-°p-∂-         e[nIw B¿`m-S-߃ ]Xn-hn-√. Xr®w-_-c-Øp-
C-f-o-cm-´-Øn¬ ]Xn-m-bn-c-߃ tXmf-Øp-h®         n∂pw Cu c≠p-Zn-hkhpw XnS-sº-gp-∂≈n®p _me-   -


                                             - 244 -
Makarajyothi 2011  page 201-250
Makarajyothi 2011  page 201-250
Makarajyothi 2011  page 201-250
Makarajyothi 2011  page 201-250
Makarajyothi 2011  page 201-250

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Makarajyothi 2011 page 201-250

  • 1. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 s∑md h√ßn the Atim-I≥, s∑md tZiw s√n-bm-ºXn amae Xs‚ taep≈ F√m h¿jhpw aow 20-˛v BtLm-jn-°p∂p s√n-°p-fØn ae-bn-t∑¬ At√ o IpSn-sIm≠p temtI-izco]mln s∑m-dthe; sFXnlyw t£{X-am-lmflyw - s√n-°pfw hmgp-aw-_ntI s∑m-d, h√-ßn, hnØ--t»-cn, Abn-eq¿, tXSn-h∂ IpS-I-c-m-b¿X≥ Xncp-h-gn-bmSv F∂o 5 tZi-߃ sImS-I-c-mSv IqsS-tbm-e-∏p-d-tØdn o F∂mWv Adn-b-s∏-´n-cp-∂-Xv. sImS-I-c-m-Sns‚ `c- mSp ImWp-hm≥ h∂p s∑m-d-bn¬ W-Ø-e-hm-bn-cp∂ sImS-Ic mb¿Xd-hm-´n¬ IqSn-tbmcp `K-hXn ]mlnamw henb {]Xm-]n-bpw, i‡-pw, a{¥-hm-Zn-bp-amb Hcp tZho`‡≥, `K-h-Xnsb `Pn®v {]Xy-£-am- tIc-fØn-IØpw, ]pdØpw Adn-bs∏-Sp∂ s∑md - - - - °p-hm≥ s√n-bm-ºXn ae-bn-ep≈ s√n-°p-f-Øn- h√- ß n- t he atlm- ’ hw BtLm- j n- ° p∂ ae F∂ h-hn-`m-K-Øn-te°v t]mhp-I-bpw, tZhn- {io s√n-°p-f-ßc `K-h-Xn-t£{Xw ]Xn-m-bn-c- sb `Pn®v Imew Ign-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. HSphn¬ ߃°v im¥nbpw a:kam- [ m- hpw {]Zmw tZhn {]Xy-£-s∏´v Ap-{K-ln®v m´n-te°v aS- sNøp∂p. Ncn-{X-{]-kn-≤amb s∑md h√-ßn-the - ßp-hm≥ n¿t±iw ¬Ip-I-bp-ap-≠m-bn. tZhn- - 201 -
  • 2. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 bpsS B⁄ inc-   m- h - ln®v B `‡≥ bm{X-Xn- cn®v s∑m-d-bn¬ FØp-I- bpw, aq∏n¬mb¿ hoSnv kao- ] - a p≈ tImX- I p- f - Øn¬ Xs‚ k¥-X-k-l- Nm- c n- b mb IpSbpw h®v Ipfn-°p-hm-n-dßn. Ipfn-I- gn™v IpS- s b- S p- ° p- h m- mbn {ian-®-t∏mƒ IpS-sb- Sp-°p-hm-≥ Ign-bmsX hcp- Ibpw sNbvXp. AjvS-aw-Key{]iv- Øn-eqsS IpS-bn-cp∂ ÿe- Øp-Xs∂ tZhn IpSn-sIm- ≈p- h m≥ B{K- l n- ° p- ∂ - Xmbn Adn-bp-hm≥ Ign-™p. A[nIw Xma-kn-bm- °msX aow 20-˛v BWv the BtLm-jn-°p-∂- sX- X s∂ `‡- P - - ß - f psS kl- I - c - W - Ø m¬ Xv. ]g-a-°m¿ ]d-bp-∂-X-p-k-cn®v c≠p Imc-W- tZhnsb aq∏n¬mb¿ hoSnv kao]w IpSn-bn-cp- ß-fmhmw CXnp ]n∂n¬. 1. aow 20-˛v Bbn-cn- Øn. ]n∂oSv `‡-PßfpsS kuI-cym¿∞w C∂v - - - °Ww s√n-°p-f-Øn-bΩ s√n-bm-ºXn ae-bn¬ ImWp∂ s√n-°p-f-ßc t£{X-Øn-te°v am‰n n∂pw sImS-Ic a∂s‚ IpS-∏p-dØv h∂-sX∂pw {]Xn-jvTn-°p-I-bp-ap-≠m-bn. 2. tImX-Ip-f-Ønp kao-]-ap≈ t£{X-Øn¬ n∂pw C∂p ÿnXn-sN-øp∂ t£{X-Øn-te°v the sFXnlyw am‰n {]Xn-jvTn®Xv aow 20-˛v s∂pw Bbn-cn- a‰v t£t{Xm-’-h-ß-fn¬ n∂pw hyXy-kvX- °-Ww. ambn mfnttbm, kw{I-a-tØtbm Bkv]-Z-am- `‡-]cn-]m-eØn-pw, ZpjvSn-{K-lØn-pw- - - - - - th≠n AtIw Akp- c sc n{K- l n- ° p- h m≥ AtIw Ah- X m- c - ß ƒ ssIs°m≠ tZhn-bpsS ZmcnI n{K-l-Øn- p-tijw `‡sc ]cn-]m-en- °p∂ tZhok¶-ev]-Øn-emWv tZhnsb Bcm-[n-°p-∂-Xv. tZh-tem-IsØ-bpw, tZh- - ∑m-sc-bpw, Xm]-k-∑m-scbpw AXy¥w hnd-∏n®v sIme-sN- bvXp-sIm-≠n-cp∂ Zmcn-Im-kp- cs‚ D]- { Zhw kln- ° - h - ømsX tZh-∑m¿ {Xnaq¿Øn- Isf A`bw {]m]n-°p-I-bpw, - 203 -
  • 3. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 XXv-k-abw `K-hm≥ {io]-c-ta-iz-cs‚ Xr°-Æn¬ aow 9˛v s∑md a∂-Øpw, th´-bvs°mcp n∂pw D{K-cq-]n-Wn-bmbn tZhn ]nd-°p-Ibpw, Zmcn- aI≥ t£{X-Ønepw sImSn-acw (sIm-Sn-°q-d) m´n Im-kp-cs n{K-ln-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. (kv{Xo-Iƒ XpS¿∂p≈ 9 Zn-ß-fnepw IWym¿ sIm≠m-Sp- aqew am{Xta Xs‚ acWw kw`-hn-°mhq F∂ ∂p. ]®-ap-f-bn¬ Iºv Xd®v hfbw sh®v Ad-fn- hcw Zmcn-I≥ tSn-bn-cp-∂p.) ]q-°-fm¬ Ae-¶-cn® IpΩm´n hnhn[ `mK-Øp- aow 1˛v the Iqd-bn´p Ign-™m¬ 1 apX¬ n∂pw FØn s∑mdaμØv kwK-an®v tZhnsb 21-˛hsc t£{X-Øn¬ Ifw-]m´v SØp-∂p. aow 7 - kvXpXn®v ]mSn ths´-bvs°mcp aI≥ t£{X- apX¬ iothen sIm≠m-Sp-∂p. the BtLm-jn- Øn¬ sN∂v B¿∏p-hn-fn-tbmsS Ah-km-n-°p- °p∂ aow 20-˛v apt∂mSn-bmbn Ht´sd [¿Ωm-[n- ∂p. aow 18-˛v Icn-the sIm≠m-Sp-∂p. ZmcnI jvTn-Xhpw, `‡n-n¿`-chp-amb NS-ßp-Iƒ CcptZi- - - n{K-l-Øn¬ k¥p-jvSn-]q≠ `‡¿ tZhn-bpsS ß-fnepw (s-∑m-d˛h√ßn) sIm≠m-Sp-∂p. -- - - kl-Nm-cn-I-fmb `qX-K-W-ß-tfmsSm∏w B¿Øp- √-kn-°p∂ coXn-bn-emWv Icn-the sIm≠m-Sp-∂- Xv. aow 19-˛v D{K-cq-]n-Wn-bmb tZhn-bpsS tIm]w ian-∏n-°p-hm≥ inh`qX-K-W-߃, Ejo-iz-c-∑m¿ F∂n-h¿ h∂v tZhnsb {]oXn-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xns‚ {]Xo-Iam-bn, cp{Zm-£am-ebpw, hni-dn-bp-ambn Ejo- - - - iz-c-∑m-cpsS thj-Øn¬ FØp-∂p. Cu c≠p Zn- ß-fnepw tZi-a-μw, aq∏n¬ mb¿, ths´-bvs°m- cp-a-I≥ t£{Xw, ]m´-amfn `hw F∂n-hn-S-ß- fn¬ nd-]d sNmcn-bp-∂p. ap≥Im-e-ß-fn¬ F√m NS-ßp-Iƒ°pw tZhn-bpsS {]Xn-]p-cp-j-mb shfn- ®-∏m-Sns‚ tXrXzw CXn-p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. aow 20-˛v s√n-bm-º-Xn-a-e-bpsS Xmgvhc- bn¬ Ccp tZi-ß-fnepw X¶-Øn-S-tº‰n AWn-n- c-°p∂ KP-ho-c-∑m-cp-sSbpw, Xmf-ta-f-ß-fpsS AI- º-Sn-tbm-Sp-IqSn t£{X-k-hn-[-Øn¬ FØp-I-bpw, XmXvIm-en-I-ambn {]tXyIw D≠m-°nb sshZypXn Zo]m-ew-Ir-X-amb ]¥-en¬ AWn-n-c°pIbpw sNøp-∂p. Btcm-Ky-]-c-amb a’cw Cu ]¥-¬ n¿Ωm-W-Øn¬ S-°p-∂p. XnS-tº-dnb KP-ho-c- tm-sSm∏w a‰v KP-ho-c-∑m¿ tZhnsb {]Z-£nWw sh®p Ign- ™ m¬ h¿Æ- i - _ - f - a mb Icn- a - cp∂p{]tbmKw Ccp- t Z- i - ß - f nepw S- ° p- ∂ p. XpS¿∂v cm{Xn-th-ebpw CtX-]Sn S-°p-∂p. Hmtcm h¿j-ßfnepw AXmXp tZi-ßfn-se BtLmjw - - Kw`o-cam-°p-hm≥ Btcm-Ky-Icamb a’-cw, tZi- - - - ß-fn¬ tZi-hm-kn-Iƒ {]I-Sn-∏n-°p-∂p. BtLmjthf-I-fn¬ tZi-ß-fn¬ S-°p∂ ]m≠n- t a- f - Ø n- e pw, ]©- h m- Z y- Ø nepw, tIc- f - Ønse {]ikvXcmb Iem-Im-c-∑m¿ AWn-n-c- °p-∂p. hntZ-i-ß-fn¬ tPmen-sN-øp∂ tZi-hm-kn- - 205 -
  • 4. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 Iƒ tZhn-bpsS amam-¶- Øn¬ ]¶p- s Im- ≈ p- hm≥ m´n¬ FØp- hm≥ {]tXyIw {ian- °p-∂p. ]mc-º-cy-hpw, ss]Xr-I-hpw, q‰m-≠p- Iƒ ]g-°hpap≈ the - atlm-’-hw, KP-ho-c- ∑m- c psS AI- º - S n- tbmsS AXmXp tZi-a- μ-ß-fn¬ Xncn-s®Øn XnSºv Cd-°p∂tXmsS D’hØnv kam-]w Ipdn-°p∂p ˛ ho≠pw ASpØ the atlm- ’-hsØ hc-th¬°p- hm≥. tIc-f-Ønse tIƒhn- t I´ KP- h o- c - ∑msc AWn-n-c-Øp-∂- Xn¬ Ccp-tZ-i-ßfpw hmin-tb-dnb a’cw S-Øp- ImWn-Isf hnkva-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-hn[w Icna- ∂p-. KP-cm-P≥ Kpcp-hm-bq¿ tIi-h≥, Kpcp-hm-bq¿ cp- ∂ p- { ]- t bmKw Hcp°p- ∂ - X n¬ s∑m- d - t Ziw ]fl-m-`-≥ XpS-ßnb KP-ho-c-∑m¿ A-h-[n-Imew {]tXyIw {i≤- s Im- S p- ° m- d p- ≠ v . tIc- f - Ø n¬ s∑md tZi-Øn-p-th≠n `K-h-Xn-bpsS tImew G‰hpw A[nIw Icn-a-cp∂v {]tbmKw S-Øp-∂Xv s∑md h√-ßn-tZiw Xs∂-bm-Wv. G‰n-bn-´p-≠v. Ct∏mƒ 10 sIm√ambn tIƒhn-tI´ sX®n-t°m´vImhv cma-N-{μ≥ `K-h-Xn-bpsS tImew AXn-ep]cn s∑m-d-tZiw Ign™ ]Øp hln-°p-∂Xv X߃°njvS-s∏´ KP-ho-c-∑msc h¿j-Øn-te-sd-bmbn Icn-a-cp∂v {]tbmKw S-Øp- In´p-∂-Xn-p-th≠n ]e-t∏mgpw h≥Xp-IIƒ CXn- ∂Xv tZi-Øns‚ kz¥w DS-a-ÿ-X-bn-ep≈ 21 p-th≠n Nne-hm-°p-∂p-≠v. G°¿ ÿe-Øp-X-s∂-bm-Wv. Cu IrXyw-n¿h- ln-°p-∂-Xn-p-th≠n tZi-Ønse F√m AwK-ß- B-bpsS Imcy-Øn-te-Xp-t]mse Xs∂- fpw, s∑md tZi- Ø ns‚ Overseas bmWv taf-Ønv ]©-hm-Zyw, Xmb-º-I, F∂n-h- Association Dubai˛bpw hfsc √ coXn-bn¬ klm- bpsS Imcy-hpw. bn-®ph-cp-∂p. Atim-I≥ : ap≥ tPmbn‚v sk{I-´-dn, s∑m-d-tZiw - 207 -
  • 5. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 Xncp-am‘mwIp∂v]qcw ]n. kn. Ac-hn-μ≥ Nnc-]p-cm-X--Imew B≠n¬ Hs´√m apX¬ tIc- f - Ø n¬ amk-ßfnepw {ioXn-cp-am- - {]kn-≤ßfmb aq∂p `{Z- - - ‘mw-Ip-∂n¬ D’-h-ß- Im-fo-t£-{X-ß-fm-Wp-≈- fp-s≠-¶nepw ao-am-k- Xv; Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dnse Ønse aI- b ncw {io]--b-m¿°mhv `{Zm- mƒsXm´v ]Xn-sm∂p t£-{Xhpw, sIm®n-bnse Zn- ß ƒ o≠p- n¬ {iosIm-Sp-ß-√q¿ Ipcpw- °p∂ ]qc- a mWv Chn- _- t £- { Xhpw, ae- _ m- SpsØ atlm- ’ - h w. dnse {ioXn- c p- a m- ‘ mw- cmP- I o- b - a mb {]uVn Ip∂v `K-hXo-t£-{X-hpw. - bpw Xm{¥n-I-n-jvTbpw h≈p-h-m-Sns‚ Bÿm- BNm-c∏gabpw Bp-Im- - - - - a m- b n- c p∂ sh≈m- ´ - en- I - s ∏m- e n- a - b p- s a√mw ßmSn AYhm Ct∏m- tafn- ° p∂ {ioXn- c p- a m- gsØ ae- ∏ pdw Pn√- ‘mw- I p- ∂ n- e - Ω - b psS bnse Aßm-Sn-∏p-d-Øm- Cu Xncp-hp-’hw h≈p- Wv {ioXncp-am-‘mw-Ip-∂n- h-m-Sns‚ tZio-tbm-’- eΩ hncm- P n- ° p- ∂ - X v . h-amWv; amam-¶atlm-’- - - {ioa- l m- ` m- K - h XØn¬ h-amWv! {]Io¿Øn-°-s∏´ {ioam- ]qcm--tLm-j-Ønv ‘m-Xmhv F∂ kqcy-hw- mμn-Ip-dn-°p-∂Xv [p- i-P-mb cmP¿jn-bm¬ am-k-Ønse ap∏-´p-sNm- {]Xn-jvTn-X-amb inh-enw- Δm-gvNbm-Wv. A∂v amXr- - K- a mWv {ioaq- e - ÿ m- - im-e-bn-tebpw {ioaq-e- sØ-¶nepw, k]vX-am-Xr-°-tfm-sSmØv amXr-im-e- ÿm--tØbpw AØm-g-∏q-P-Iƒ°p-tijw {ioaq- bn¬ hS-t°m-´-`n-ap-J-ambn hnf-ßp∂ {ioXn-cp- e-ÿm-Øn-∂`n-ap-Jambn "Imhp-Sbm-b¿' hnf°v - - - - - am‘mwIp∂n-e-Ω-bpsS t]cn-em-Wv t£{Xw Adn- sXfn-bn-°p-∂p. h≈p-h-m-´p-Ic henb h√-`-cm- b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. tIc-f-ØnseØs∂ G‰hpw henb Pm-hn-s‚bpw m´p-{]-am-Wn-I-fp-tSbpw ÿmn-I-fp- `{Z-Im-fo-Zm-cp-_nw-_-amWv ChnsS F∂v kqNn-∏n- tSbpw ASn-b-¥-c-°m-cp-tSbpw a‰pw km∂n-[y-Øn- ®p-sIm-≈-s´. temI-am-Xm-hmb Cu tZhn tIc-f- emWv Cu I¿Ωw. "]qcw Ipdn-°p-I-bt√' F∂v Ønse G‰hpw ]pcm-X--cm-P-hw-i-amb h≈p-h-cm- h≈q-t°m-m-Xncn tNmZn-°p-Ibpw "AsX' F∂v P-hw-i-Øns‚ ]c-tZ-h-X-bm-Wv. h≈p-h-m-Sns‚ Iq´w kΩ-X-a-cp-fp-Ibpw sNøp∂ NS-ßm-Wn-Xv. Bflm-`n-amw kwc-£n-°m≥ mhm-a-W-∏p-dsØ ]qcw-Ip-dn-°m-p≈ Xocp-am-am-bm¬ CXns‚ hnfw- - amam-¶-a-tlm-’-h-ß-fn¬ hoc-ar-Xyp-h-cn® Nmth- _-csa-t∂mWw ]nt‰-Zn-hkw k‘y°v Iotg-Samb - - dp-I-fn-eqsS tIcf Ncn-{X-Ønse Hcp kph¿Æm- tht´-°-c≥Im-hn¬ n∂pw aq∂v BNm-c-sh-Sn-Iƒ ≤ymbw IqSn-bm-Wv {ioXn-cp-am-‘mw-Ip-∂v. apg-ßpw. Nne -h¿j-ß-fn¬ bp≤-`o-j-Wn, hcƒ®, - 209 -
  • 6. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 alm-hym-[n-Iƒ F∂n-Xym-Zn-I-fm¬ Hcp’-hsØ m´n-bn-cp-∂-Xv. tZisØ s]cp-h-Æm≥ kap-Zm-b- Dƒs°m- ≈ m≥ tZiw k÷- a m- h p- ∂ n- s √- ¶ n¬, Øn¬s∏-´h¿ ]qX-∑m-cpsS thjw-sI´n msSßpw - At∂-Zn-hkw Xocp-am--Øn-p-tijw amXr-im-e- Xp≈n--S∂v ]qcm-K-aw Adn-bn-°p-∂p. ]qc-Ønv bn¬n∂pw `K-h-Xn-bpsS XnSºv ]pd-sØ-gp-∂- Ggp-mƒapºv ip≤n-I-e-ihpw tlmam-Zn-I¿Ω- ≈n®v aq∂p-cp -t£-{Xw-h-ew-sh®v amXr-im-e-bn-te- ßfpw kam-cw-`n-°p-∂p. °p-Xs∂ B-bn-°p-∂p. As°m√w ]ns∂ ]qc- hriv-NnIw H∂nv "Iqd-am-‰p∂' Ifw-]m´v ap-≠m-hn-√, Cu k‘y-mthe am{Xtabp≠m-hq. Imew-Iq-Sp-∂Xv ]Ømw ]qc-tØm-sS-bm-Wv. Ah- sIm√-h¿jw 1058-˛¬ Xos∏´ a¶S hen-b-X-ºp- km tLmj-∏m-´mb "tcmln-Wn-∏m´v' khn-ti- cms‚ `c-W-Imew apX¬ F√m-h¿jhpw ]qc-am- j-amWv. ]nt‰-∂mWv {ioXn-cp-am‘mwIp∂n-e-Ω- tLm-jn-°m≥ Xocp-am--am-sb-¶nepw, B ]gb NS- bpsS ]qcw-]p-d-∏mSv'. ßns‚ kvac-W-°mbn C∂pw k‘y-th-e-∏m´v S- °p-∂p. HcpIm-e-Øv amam-¶w-t]mse ]{¥≠p {_m“-ap-lq¿Ø-Øn¬Øs∂ t£{Xhpw kwh-’-c-߃ IqSp-tºm-gmWv ]qcw sIm≠m-Sn- X´-Ihpw DW-cp-∂p. Xncp-ap‰w `‡-Pßfm¬ nd- bn-cp-∂-X-s{X. ]qc-am-tLm-jn-°mØ 11 h¿j- ™p-I-hn-bp-∂p. cmhnse 8 aWn-tbm-Sp-IqSn IqØ- º-e-Øn¬ ßym¿Iq-Øv Ac-tß-dp-∂p. XpS¿∂v ߃°v Hmtcm ]qcw F∂ ne-bn¬ {ioXn-cp-am- NmIym-cpsS IqØp-]p-d-∏m-Spw. At∏m-tgbv°pw ‘mw-Ip∂v ]qcw 11 Znh-kam-bXpw Aßn-s-bs{X! - ae-b≥Ip´nbpw kwLhpw AΩ-°p≈ ImgvN- ]qc-Ønv amk-߃ apºp-Xs∂ ]qc-∏-dºv °mbp-am-sb-Øp-∂p. Xncp-ap-‰Øv ]qX-߃ sI´n- tee-hpw -a‰pw sN≠-sIm´n mSns‚ mm-`m-K- bm-Sp-∂p. ]Øp-aWn-tbmsS ]¥o-cSn-∏q-P°p-tijw - - - ß-fn¬ Adn-bn-°p∂ k{º-Zmbw GXmpw Zim- amXr-im-e-bn¬ ]pd-∏mSv ]qP. XpS¿∂v BZy- _vZ-߃ apºp-hsc ne-n-∂n-cp-∂p. tZisØ B-dm-´n-mbn AΩ amXr-imebn¬n∂pw hS-t°- aqØm-»m-cn-bpsS tXr-Xz-Øn¬ n›-bn-°p∂ _-en-°¬∏p-c-hgn Fgp-∂-≈p-∂p. _en-°¬∏pc- ip`-ap-lq¿Ø-Øn-emWv ]qc-∏¥ens‚ I∂n-°m¬ - - bpsS {]th-i-∏-Sn-bn¬ sh®v AΩ°v Nmth¿`- S-∑m-cpsS BNm-c-h-μ-w. XpS¿∂v AΩ AWn- s™m- c p- ß nb KP- c m- Ps‚ apI-fn-te-°v. Ien- sIm-≈p∂ tIma-c-Øm- ∑m¿, IXn--sh-Sn-sbm-®- Iƒ, "AtΩ- i - c Ww' F∂ a{¥-hp-ambn Iq∏p- ssI-I-fp-ambn `‡-k-l- {k- ß ƒ. h√- ` - c m- P m- h n- s‚bpw, kma-¥-∑m-cp-tS- bpw, Icp- h - ® q¿aq-   v, aÆm¿°mSp aq∏n¬m- b¿ XpS-ßnb m´p-{]-am- Wn-I-fp-tSbpw a‰pw AI- º-Sn-tbmsS t£{Xw Hcp {]Z-£nWw sh®v temI- am-Xmhv BZysØ Bdm- ´n- mbn sIm´n- b n- d - ß p- - 210 -
  • 7. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 ∂p. sImSn- t Xm- c - W - ß - fpsS h¿Æ-s∏m-en-abpw hmZy-ta-fßfpsS Xmf-s∏- - - cp∏pw Cg-tN-cp-∂, cmP- Iob ]cn-thjw hnfn-t®m- Xp∂, Cu Bdm-s´-gp-∂- ≈-Ønv km£ywhln- °m≥ h≈p- h - m- ´ nse B_m-ehr≤w P-ßfpw - Cu Ip∂n≥ap- I - f n¬ kwK-an-°p-∂p. Bdm-´n-s-gp-∂- ≈p∂ AΩsb apJw- ]m¿°m≥ I√p-]m-e-Øn- -°sc ImgvN-°p-S-I-fp- ambn P∑w sNdp-a-°-fpw, ]d-°m-fIfp-ambn ]d-bk- - - - ap-Zm-b-°m-cpw, ]qXw-sI´n s]cp-h-Æm-∑mcpw, i¶-c-m-b-Sn-bp-ambn ]mW-cp- sshIp-t∂cw Hm´≥Xp-≈tem-Sp-IqSn t£{X- - sa√mw HØptN¿∂n-´p-≠m-hpw. B-∏p-dØp-n-∂p- - Xn-cp-ap‰w ho≠p-ap-W-cp-∂p. k‘y-tbmsS mZ-kz- an- d ßn AΩ Bdm- ´ p- I - S hn- t e- ° v . ]pWymlw c-tk-hbpw Xmb-º-I-bpw. Zo]m-cm-[--°p-tijw Ign™v a™fpw Ip¶p-ahpamSn AΩ hmZy-ta-fm- t£{X-]m-ep apºn¬ ]mT-Iw. ]m´p-sIm-´n-en¬ I-º-Sn-tbmsS Bdm-Sp-∂p. Cu thf-bn¬ {_m“- Ap-jvTm--I-e-bmb mep-]m-Zw. Wn-b-Ω-∏m-´p-ap-≠m-hpw. Bdm´p]qP-bpsS BcXn Bhm-ln®pw, AΩ BSnb a™fpw Ip¶p-ahpw tIfn, sImºp- ] ‰v F∂n- h - I - g n- ™ m¬ {]km-Z-ambn Nm¿Ønbpw, `‡-P--߃ n¿hr- cm{Xn-bm-dm-´n-p≈ Hcp°-am-bn. ]I¬∏q-c-Øn-s- Xn-b-S-bp-∂p. ∂-t]mse amXr-im-e-bn¬n∂pw hS-t°--S-hgn Cdßn t£{Xw Hcphpcp- h-ew-sh®v ]¥-ß-fpsS Cn AΩ-bpsS sIm´n-°-b-‰-am-Wv. ]Øp- {]Im-i-Øn¬ sIm´n-bn-d-°w. ]Øp--S-bn-se-Øn- S Ib-dn-h-cp∂ AΩsb Bc-Xn-bp-gn™pw Acn- bm¬ IS-hn--°sc Kw`o-c- I-cn-a-cp∂p{]tbm-K-ap- sb-dn™pw "ASn-Iƒ' hc-th¬°p-∂p. Xncp-ap-‰Øv ≠v. BIm-i-Øn¬ i_vZ, h¿Æ hnkva-b-߃ nd-®p-sh-∏pap≠v! XpS¿∂v hS-t°--S-bnepw alm- tZ-hs‚ S-bnepw {ioaq-e-ÿm-Øpw ]©m-cn-ta- Xo¿Øv AΩ Bdm-´p-I-S-hn-te-°v. cm{Xn-bm-dm-´nv f-tØmsS Hcp {]Z-jn-Ww. ]n∂oSv mZ-kz-c-{]-Z- Ip¶p-a-am-Sm-dn-√ F∂-sXm-gn-®m¬ an°-hmdpw ]I- £n-Whpw hew-X-esIm´n H‰s®≠ {]Z-jn-W-hpw. -- em-dm-´ns‚ NS-ßp-Iƒ Xs∂-bmWv cm{Xn-bm-dm-´n- B-∏p-d-Øp-n-∂p-an-dßn, AΩ me-º-e-Øn- pw. cm{Xn sIm´n-°-b-‰-Ønp≈ ]m≠n-tafw te°pw amXr-im-e-bn-te°pw Xncn-s®-gp-∂-≈p-∂p. khn-ti-j-X-bm-Wv. sIm´n-°-bdn aq∂p {]Z-jn-W- tijw amXr-im-e-bn-te-°v. ]ns∂ AØm-g-∏q-P. amXr-im-e-bn-se-Øn-bm¬ D®-∏q-P. tijw XpS¿∂v {io`q-X-_-en, hnf-°m-Nmcw F∂n-h-°p- {io`q-X-_-en -Xqhn aq∂p {]Z-jn-Ww. HmSn-Øq-hn- tijw Ifw-]m-´v. Ifw-am-bv®p-I-gn-™m¬ cm{Xn- bmWv aq∂mw {]Z-jn-Ww. ho≠pw amXr-im-e-bn- bnse NS-ßp-Iƒ ]q¿Æ-am-Ip-∂p. se-Øn-bm¬ Xncp-SbSbv°p-∂p; ]I¬∏qcw kam- - - - - ]n-°p-∂p. H∂mw ]qcsØ®S- ß p- I ƒ Xs∂- b mWv - 211 -
  • 8. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 c≠mw ]qc-Zn-h-k-hpw. c≠mw ]qcw- ap-X¬ t£{X- se-Øp-∂p. At∏m-tg°pw `K-hXnbpw hSt° _en- - ap-‰-tØbpw ]qc-∏-d-ºn-tebpw thZn-I-fn¬ t£{X- °¬∏p-cbn-dßn KP-cm-Ps‚ apI-fn¬ Ingt° S- - I-e-Iƒ°p-]p-dta P-Iob Iem-]-cn-]m-Sn-IƒIqSn bn-se-Øp-∂p. Ccp-hcpw Hcpan®v Bdm-´p-IShn-te°v - - Ac-tß-dp-∂p. Fgp-∂-≈p-∂p. Cu ""tZh-Zzb ssNXy kwK-a- aq∂mw ]qcw ]I-em-dm-´p-hsc "]S-lmZn' apd- Z¿iw'' Akp-e` ku`m-Ky-Zm-bIas{X! sIm´n°- - - - bn¬ S-°p∂ ]qcw, Zo]m-cm-[--°p-ti-j-ap≈ b-‰hpw Hcpan-®p-Xs∂. {]Z-jnWw Ign™v AΩ - sImSn-tb-‰-tØmsS "[zPmZn'apd-bn-em-Ip-∂p. hS- amXr-im-ebn-te°v Xncn-s®-gp-∂≈p-∂p. - - t°--S-bn-ep≈ kz¿Æ-[z-P-Øn¬ `K-h-Xn-bpsS Ccp-]-Ønsbm∂v {]Z-£n-W-Øn-p-tijw sImSn-tb-‰w; Ing-t°--S-bnse kph¿Æs°mSn-a- sImSn-bn-d°n alm-tZ-hpw {iotIm-hn-en-te°v c-Øn¬ alm-tZ-h-t‚-bpw, a‰p ÿmß-fn¬ Zn°p- {]th-in-°p-∂p. XpS¿∂v Ccp-]-Øn-b©v Ie-ihpw sIm-Sn-Iƒ m´p-∂p. `K-hXn cm{Xn-bm-dm-´np sIm´n- D®-∏q-P-bpw. alm-tZ-hs‚ Xncp-hp-’hw ChnsS ∏p-d-s∏-Sp-∂-Xn-p-apºv alm-tZ-hs‚ {io`q-X-_-en- kam-]n-°p-∂p. ]Xn-hp-t]mse `K-h-Xn-bpsS cm{Xn- bp-≠v. memw- ]qcw ˛ ]Xnhp NS-ßp-ItfmsS AΩ- - bm-dm´v S-°p-∂p. bpsS ]Iepw cm{Xn-bp-ap≈ Bdm-´p-Iƒ. k‘y°v Ccp- t - c - ß - f n- e p≈ Xncp- h m- d m- ´ - √ msX Zo]m-cm-[--°p- tijw me-º-e-Øn¬ {]tXyIw HºXmw ]qc- Ø nv {]tXy- I - X - I ƒ H∂pan- √ . k÷-am-°nb "apf-bd'bn¬ h-[m-y-߃ apf-bn- F∂m¬ HºXmw ]qc-tØmsS Xncp-ap-‰-tØbpw Sm≥ sh°p-∂p. CtXmsS ]qc-®-S-ßp-Iƒ "A¶p- ]qc-∏-d-ºn-tebpw thZn-I-fn-embn S-∂p-h-∂n-cp∂ cmZn' apd-bn-em-Ip-∂p. A©mw ]qc-Zn-h-ksØ Iem-]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ Ah-km-n-°p-∂p. cm{Xn-bm-dm´v an°-hmdpw tcsØ S-Øp-∂p. AØm-g-∏q-P-°p tijw t£{X-Øn¬ n∂pw Ah-km-sØ ]I-em-dm´v S-°p∂ AΩ- Fgp-∂-≈n-°p∂ Zo]-Øn¬ n∂mWv Imhp-S-b- bpsS ]Ømw]qcw Hcp]mSv {]tXy-I-X-Iƒ nd- m- b ¿ IY- I - f n- b psS B´- h n- f °v sXfn- b n- ™-Xm-Wv. ]Xn-hnv hn]-co-X-ambn A∂v Hm´≥Xp- °p-∂-Xv. ≈¬ ImeØv F´p aWn-tbmsS Ac-tß-dp-∂p. sIm´n- b n- d °w ]¥oc- S n- ∏ q- P - ° p- t ijwXs∂. Bdmw Znhkw `K-h-Xn-bpsS ]I-em-dm-´p-I- sIm´n- ° - b - d n- b m¬ Xncp- a p- ‰ Øv ]©m- c n- t afw; gn-™m¬ alm-tZ-hs‚ D’-h-_-en-bm-Wv. cm{Xn- XpS¿∂v aq∂v ]Xn-hp-{]-Z-jn-W-ß-fpw. D®-∏q-P- I- bm-dm´v ]Xn-hp-t]m-se. Ggmw ]qc-Zn-hkw ]I-em- gn-™m¬ S AS-°p-I-bm-bn. dm- ´ n- p- t i- j - a mWv `K- h - X n- b psS D’- h - _ - e n. k‘y- ° p≈ Xmb- º - I bpw khn- t i- j - a m- W v . ]qcm-tLm-j-Øns‚ AXn-{]-[m NS-ßmb cm{Xn-bm-dm´v sIm´n-°-b-dn-bm¬ Ingt° Xncp-ap-‰- "]≈n- t h´' ]Ømw ]qc- Ø n- m- W v . Xncn™p Øp-sh®p S-°p∂ "Iºw sImfp-ج' Ggmw ]¥o-c-Sn-°p-tijw (Xncn-™p-]-¥o-cSn F∂Xv ]qc-Øns‚ khn-ti-j-X-bm-Wv. Xºp-cms‚ Ap- {ioXn-cp-am‘mw Ip∂n¬ am{Xw ntXy S-∂p- hm-Z-tØmsS tZisØ aqØm-»m-cn-bm-Wv Iº- h-cp∂ Hcp khn-tij ]qP-bmWv) CXn-p≈ Ønv XosIm-fp-Øp-∂-Xv. ]qcw-]p-d-∏m-Sn-p-tijw Hcp°-߃ XpS-ßp-∂p. t£{Xm- ¶ Ww `‡- c m¬ nd- ™ p- I- h n- b p∂ H‰s®-≠m-hm-Zy-tØmsS t£{Xw A©p-h- as‰mcp aqlq¿Ø-am-Wn-Xv. ew-sh®v temI-am-Xmhv ]≈n-m-bm-´n-mbn sXt° `K-hXn-bp-tSbpw alm-tZ-hs‚bpw Hcpan-®p≈ - - S-bn-d-ßp-∂p. h≈q-°-m-cn-bp-tSbpw X{¥n-bp- ]I- e m- d m´mWv F´mw- ] q- c sØ khn- t i- j - tSbpw Imhp-S-b-m-b-cp-tSbpw a‰pw AI-º-Sn-tbm- am- ° p- ∂ - X v . ]¥o- c - S n- ∏ q- P - ° p- t ijw Ingt° sS-bmWv AΩ-bpsS Fgp-∂-≈-Øv. kI-e-N-cm-N-c- _en-°¬∏p-c hgn Fgp-∂≈n bm{Xm-_en- Xqhn - ߃°pw k¿Δ- ` q- X - K - W - ß ƒ°pw _en- X q- t£{Xw Hcp h-ew-sh®v Ingt° sImSn-ac®p-h´n- - - - InbXnpti-j-amWv ]≈n-m-bm´np≈ AΩ- - 212 -
  • 9. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 bpsS bm{X. sXs° t£{X-tKm-]pcw ]n∂n´v n- s ®m- c p- ° nb aWv U - ] - Ø n¬ sh®m- b n- c p- ∂ p- Iotg-S-amb tht´-°-c≥ Im-hn-se-Øp∂p. t£{X- h-s{X. ho≠pw XnSºv B-∏p-d-tØ-°v. AΩ-bpsS Xn-cp-ap-‰Øv AΩsb kzoI-cn-®n-cp-Øp-∂p. S-Xp- cm{Xn-bm-dm-´np≈ Cd-°-am-bn. A∂v ]Xnhv {]Z- d∂v tht´-°-c-p≈ nth-Zy-ap-≠v. AXn-p-tijw jn-W-an√; ttc- h-S-t°m-´n-d-ßp-∂p. ]Øp-S ]≈n-th-´-°p≈ Aºpw-hn√pw Imhp-S-b-m-b¿ ]n∂n-´m¬ AXn-Kw-`o-c-amb Icn-a-cp∂p {]tbm-Kw. t£{Xw X{¥n°v ssIam-dp-∂p. X{¥n Aºpw- Zn°p-Isf {]I-ºw sIm≈n-®v, hnÆn¬ h¿Æ- hn√pw hen-b-X-ºp-cms‚ ssII-fn¬ ka¿∏n-°p- °m-gvNIƒ hnc-Nn®v AΩ-bpsS ]≈n-bm-dm´v! Bdm- - ∂p. {ioXn-cp-am‘mwIp∂n-e-Ω-bpsS {]Xn-]p-cp-j- ´p-I-gn™v Xncn-s®-gp-∂-≈Øpw {]Z-£n-W-ßfpw mbn henb Xºp-cm≥ ]∂n F∂ k¶-ev]-Øn¬ AØm-g-∏q-P-bpw. Ifw-]m-´n-p-tijw AΩ-bpsS AhnsS Xøm-dm°n sh®n-´p≈ hcn-°-®-°sb ]≈n-°-dp∏v! ]≈n-th-´-I-gn™v £oWn-X-bmb Asº-øp-∂p. IXnmshSn-Ifpw iwJ-m-Zhpw tZhn alm-tZ-hs‚ apJ-a-WvU-]-Øn¬ h-[m-y- B¿∏p-hn-fn-tLm-j-ßfpw A¥-co-£-Øn-seßpw ߃ apf-bn-´p-n¬°p∂ ]√-h-X-ev]-Øn¬ ]≈n- Db-cp-∂p. tht´-°-c≥Imhn¬ n∂pw hnP-b-{io- n-{Z-sIm-≈p-∂p. em-fn-X-bmb hniz-P--n-bpsS Xncn-s®-gp-∂-≈- ]nt‰∂v {_m“-ap-lq¿Ø-Øn¬ Hcp ]ip- ØmWv Cn. hgn-otf nd-]-dbpw ne-hn-f°pw °n-Sm-hns‚ "AtΩ!' hnfnbpw iwJ-m-Zhpw tI´v sh®v AΩsb tZiw hc-th¬°p-∂p. AW-ap-dn- Xr°- W n- I ≠v AΩ ]≈n- ° - d p- ∏ p- W - c p- ∂ p. bmsX Ae-b-Sn-°p∂ B{in-X-km-K-csØ Ap- FÆbpw tXpw søpamSn hmI-®m¿Øp Ign™v {K-ln®pw Bio¿Δ-Zn®pw ]©-hm-Zy-tØm-sS, Be- k]vX-ip-≤n- h-cpØn Ae-¶m-c-ß-f-Wn™v AΩ h´ sh©mac-ß-tfmsS alm-ambbpsS Xncn-s®- amXr-im-e-bn-te°v Xncn-s®-gp-∂-≈p-∂p. AhnsS gp-∂-≈Øv t£{X-Xn-cp-ap-‰-sØ-Øp-tºm-tg°pw sh®v Dj-∏q-P. A∂nn ]I-em-dm-´n-√, Cn ocm- HºXp aWn-tbm-f-am-hpw. hS-t°-_-en-°¬∏p-c- t´-bp-≈q. bn¬ XnS- º n- d °n AΩ°v Zo]m- c m- [ ! Hcp ImeØv Cu Zo]m- c m- [ sXt°- - S - ° - e p≈ Dj-∏q-P-°p-tijw e`n-°p∂ apfw-{]-kmZw Nmth¿Ø-dbn¬ ]m´p-Ip-dp-∏∑m¿ {]tXyIw hnXm- - - hmßm-mbn `‡-cpsS o≠nc t£{X-ap-‰Øv cq]w sIm≠n- c n- ° pw. HºXp aWn-tbmsS ImgvN iothen XpS-ßp-∂p. ]©- hm-Zy-Øns‚ taf-s°m-gp∏pw Be-h´sh©m-acapØp-°p- S-IfpsS Nmb-°e¿∏pw ]I- - - cp∂ [y-Xbn¬ t£{Xm- - ¶-WØnse Icn-¶¬∏m-fn- Iƒt]mepw Ipfn-c-Wn-bp- ∂p! sshIp-t∂cw aq∂v aWn°v NmIym¿ Iq-Øv; XpS¿∂v Hm´≥Xp- ≈ ¬. hS-t°--S-bn¬ ]qXw Ifn- bp-≠v. Ah¿°p≈ D]- lm-c-߃ t£{Xw A[n- Ir-X¿ kΩm-n-°p-∂p. - 213 -
  • 10. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 CXn-n-S-bn¬ Xncp-am-‘mw-Ip∂np kao-]- Cu [y-ap-lq¿Ø-Øn¬ tZiw aqØm-»mcn Iºw ap≈ {iodm-h-d-hÆ inh-t£-{X-Øn¬ n∂pw sImfp-Øp∂p. Cn Ccp-h-cp-tSbpw aS-°-bm-{X-bm- Xncp-am‘mw Ip∂n-te-°p≈ Fgp-∂-≈n∏v XpS- Wv. h≈p-hcm-Pmhv Ip∂n≥ apI-fn-se-Øn-bm¬, hS- - ßn-bn-´p-≠m-hpw. A∂p-cm{Xn Xncp-am‘mwIp∂n- t°-Sbnse hb-te-eIfn¬ AXyp-{K≥ Icn-acp∂v - - - - - e-Ω°v Nm¿Øm-p≈ Xncp-hp-S-bm-S-bp-ambmWv hncp-∂v. AXns‚ h¿Æ-cm-Pn-Iƒ `‡-k-l-{k-ß- Ah- c psS hc- h v . CXp- t sc apXp- ] d alm- fpsS angn-I-fnepw a- p-I-fnepw ]I-cp∂ Ap- hnjvWpt£{X-Øn¬ FØn-t®-cp-∂p. Ahn-sS- `qXn Ah¿Æ-obw! n-∂p≈ as‰mcp tLmj-bm{X Ch-tcm-sSm∏w ]nt‰∂v cmhn- s ebpw ßym¿IqØpw tNcp-∂p. ]©-hm-Zyhpw, Imh-Sn-bm-´-hpw, in¶m- NmIym¿IqØpap-≠v. ]qc-∏-d-ºn¬ AXn-cm-hnse cn-ta-f-hpw, mS≥ Iem-cq-]-ß-fp-sams° AWn- XpS-ßp∂ hmin-tb-dnb Nhn-´p-Ifn kmbm-”-k- n-c-°p∂ Cu h¿Æm-`-amb alm-tLm-j-bm{X ‘y-hsc ofp-∂p. Xfn- t £{Xw hgn Xncp- a m- ‘ mw- I p- ∂ nseØn AΩ°v Xr°m-gvN-b¿∏n®v kam-]n-°p-∂p. ]Øp- ]qcw- I - g n™v Ggp- Z n- h kw Ign- ™ mte a-Wn-tbmsS CXp-]-sØm-∂m-asØ Bdm-´n-mbn Xncp-ap-‰sØ ]¥epw sImSn-°q-d-Ifpw am‰m-dp- AΩ-bpsS sIm´n-bn-d-°w. D’-h-_-en-°p-tijw ≈q. Cu Znh-k-ß-fn¬ cm{Xn-Im-eØv `K-h-Xn- t£{Xw Hcph´w hew-sh®v AΩ hSt° S-bn- bp-sSbpw alm-tZ-h-s‚bpw `qX-K-W-ß-fpsS D’- d-ßp-∂p. CutSm-Sp-Iq-Snb Icn-a-cp∂v {]tbm-K- h-as{X! amWv A∂sØ sIm´nbnd-°-Øns‚ BI¿j- {ioXncp-am-‘mw-Ip∂v ]qc-tØm-S-p-_-‘n®v Wo-b-X. ]Xn-sm∂p aWn-tbmsS ]m≠n-ta-f-hp- S-°p∂ hn]p-e-amb NS-ßp-I-fnepw BtLm-j- ambn ]qcw sIm´n-°-bdn Ccp-]-sØm∂p {]Z-jn- ]-cn-]m-Sn-I-fnepw kh¿Æm-h¿Æt`Z-saty tZi- Ww. Ccp-]-sØm-∂m-asØ Ønse mm- P m- X n- ° m¿°p≈ ]¶m- f n- Ø hpw {]Z-£nWw Ign™m¬ sImSn-bn-d-°-am-bn. AΩ Ah-Im-i-ßfpw {it≤-b-amWv. Cu atlm-’-h- amXr-im-e-bn¬ Xncn-s®-gp-∂≈n AØm-g-∏q-P-°p- Øns‚ Bhn¿`m-h-sØ-°p-dn®v e`y-amb tcJ-Iƒ tijw Ccp-]-Øn-b©p Ie-i-hp-amSn {io`q-X-_- H∂pw C√. h≈p-ht°m-m-Xn-cn-am¿ Ah-cpsS Ipe- - enbpw IqSn-I-gn-™m¬ Xncp--S-b-S-°p-I-bm-bn. ssZ-h-Ønv AXn-]p-cm-X--Imew apX¬ S-Øn- Ncn{X kvac-W-I-fp-W¿Øp∂ as‰mcp NS- h-∂n-cp∂ D’-h-am-Wn-sX-∂pw, AX√m; amam-¶m- ßmWv Cn-bp-≈Xv. "sXt°m-´n-d°w'. hmZy-tLm- h-Imiw jvS-s∏-´-t∏mƒ B D’-h-tØmSp InS- j-tØmsS h≈p-h-t°m-m-Xncn sXt°--S-bn-dßn ]n-Sn-°-Ø-°-hÆw XpS-ßn-sh®XmWv Xncp-am- ]qc-∏dºn-te-s°-gp-∂≈p-∂p. At∏m-tg°pw ]mW- - - - ‘mw-Ip∂v]qc-sa∂pw A`n-{]m-b-ß-fp-≠v. F¥m- cm-Pmhv "ae-b≥Ip´n' sN≠-ta-f-tØm-sS, IpØp- bmepw C{X-tbsd `‡-P--߃ kwK-an-°p∂ hn-f°pw Ipc-h-bp-ambn; ]cn-hm-c-ß-fpsS AI-º- as‰mcp atlm-’hw h≈p-hm-Sn-n√ F∂ kXyw - Sn-tbmsS, Xt≠dn AhnsS h∂n-´p-≠m-hpw. Ccp- C∂pw Ah- t i- j n- ° p- ∂ p! AtΩ! alm- a mtb! h-cp-tSbpw kulr-Z-kw-K-aw. Htc Xm-fw, Hscm‰- F√mw Ahn-SpsØ ssh`hw! h≈p-h-m-Sns‚ `m-hw; km£yw hln-°m≥ `‡-P kmK-c-hpw. ku`mKyw! ]n.-kn. Ac-hn-μ≥ : "hS-°pw-mYm! k¿Δw S-Øpw-mYm!'' F∂ inh-`-‡n-Km--Øn-eqsS {]kn-≤-mb ]n.-kn. Ac-hn-μ≥ CXn-Iw Bbn-c-Øn-A™q-tdmfw `‡n-Km--߃ cNn-®p-I-gn- ™p. ""{ioXn-cp-am-‘mw-Ip∂v t£{X-am-lmflyw'' F∂ tZhkzw {]kn-≤o-I-c-Whpw At±-l-Øns‚ cN--bm-Wv. AΩ-bpsS Im¬®p-h-´nse "{io]Z'Øn¬ Xmakw! - 214 -
  • 11. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 sI. sF. mcm-b-W≥ amÿ DZ-b-Kncn Nph∂p `mp-_nw_w hnfßn Xzhpw B`n-Pm-Xyhpw BkvXn-Iy-t_m-[-hp-sa√mw fn apIp-f-Pmse aμ-lmkw hncn™p kphn-Zn-¥-ß-fm-Wv. I¿Ω-n-jvT, X]-i-‡n, BNm- ]n-aXn ad-hmbn iwJ-mZw apgßn c-ip-≤n, at{¥m-]m-k F∂nh-bn¬ Xfn-∏-d-ºns DW-cpI IWn-Im-◊m-w-_tc iw_-tci: Pbn-°p-s∂mcp {Kmaw tIc-f-°-c-bn¬ C√m-bn-cp- tIc-f-°-c-bn¬ {]kn-≤-ß-fmb ]e ÿe- ∂p-h-t{X. Xfn-∏-dºv inh-t£{Xw D≠m-b-Xn-p- ßfpw ImSpw taSp-ambn P-hm-k-tbm-Ky-a-√m-Xmbn ti-j-amWv Xr®w-_cw {ioIrjvW t£{Xw D≠m- InS-∂n-cp∂ Ime-Øp- t]mepw Xfn-∏-dºv kwkvIm- b-sX-∂mWv A`n-⁄-a-Xw. Xfn-∏-dºv cmP-cm-tP- c-Øns‚ Zo]-in-J-bp-ta¥n ]cn-e-kn-®n-cp-∂p. Pn√- iz-cs‚ AXyp-{K-amb tXP v arZp-e-am-°m-m- bpsS Bÿm--amb IÆqcpw DØ-c-a-e-_m-dnse Wt{X Xr®w-_cw t£{Xw ]Wn-X-Xv. km[m-c- {]kn-≤-s∏´ K-c-amb Xe-t»-cnbpw a‰pw Adn-b- W-bmbn C∂pw Xfn-∏-dºn¬ t]mbn sXmgp-X- s∏-Sp-∂-Xnp apºv Xfn-∏-dºv kwkvIm-c-Øns‚ tijw `‡-P߃, hnti-jn®pw Ay-m-´p-Im¿, - - Xne-I-°p-dn-bmbn Xnf-ßn. C∂pw IÆq¿ Pn√- Xr®w-_-c-Øvt]mbn sXmgp-Xp-h-cp-∂p. bnse G‰hpw henb Xmeq°v Xfn-∏-d-ºm-Wv. tIc-f-Ønse 64 {_m“W {Kma-ß-fn¬s∏´ k¿Δ cmPm-°-∑m-cp-sSbpw cmPm-sh∂ ne- H∂mWv Xfn-∏-dºv {Kmaw. tImeØv cmPm-°-∑m¿ bn¬ cmP-cm-tP-iz-c-mbn hmW-cp-fp∂ {ios]cpw Xß-fpsS tImhn-e-I-Øn--SpØv tZh-Z¿i--Øn- Xrt°m- h n- e - ∏ s‚ t£{XsØ Np‰n- ∏ - ‰ n- b p≈ mbn n¿Ωn®v S-Øn-h∂ t£{X-߃°v Xfn {]tZiw ]≠v s]cn-©-√q¿ {Kmaw F∂ t]cn¬ F∂m-bn-cp∂p t]cv. Xfn- n¬°p∂ ÿew Xfn- Adn-b-s∏-´n-cp-∂p. e£van-]p-c-sa∂v kwkvIr-X- ∏-d-ºm-bn. tImeØv m´n¬ s]cp-am-°-∑m-cmbn Ønepw Cu ÿesØ hyh-l-cn-®p-h-∂p. ChnsS Bcm-[n-°s∏-Sp∂ A©v t£{X tZh≥am-cn¬ Hcp - D≠m-bn-cp∂ ae-bmf {_m“-W-∑m-cpsS BVy- {][m tZh-mWv s]cn-©-√q¿ oe-I-WvT-s]-cp- amƒ (X-fn-∏-dºv cmP-cm-tP-iz- c≥), Xr®w-_-cØv {io_m-e-Ir- jvW-s]-cp-amƒ, sIm´n-bqcv {io ]-c-ta-iz-c-s]-cp-amƒ, Xe-t»cn Xncp-h-ßm´v {io cm-a-N{μs]cp- amƒ, ]ø-∂qcv {io kp{_-“-Wy- kzman s]cp-amƒ. Cu {]tZ-i- ߃s°- √ mw- I qSn ""sGW- c p- amfnSw'' F∂pw ]d-™p-tIƒ°p- ∂p. sFXnlyw Xr®w- _ cw t£{Xw ÿnXn sNøp∂ ÿew ]≠p- Im-eØv Hcp DXvIrjvS h-{]- tZ- i - a m- b n- c p- ∂ p- h - t {X. t]cv - 215 -
  • 12. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 iw_- c - h w. iw_- c ≥ F∂ AXn- Z n- h y- mb sNøs´ F∂pw, kzman- b m- s cbpw hnjv W p- h n- al¿jn Gsd-°mew ChnsS X] v sNbvXp hkn- sbpw Hcpt]mse ]qPn-°pI F∂pw ]d-™p. ®n-cp-∂p. {io iw_cal¿jn-bn¬ n∂pw Cu Cu c≠p _en-_nw-_-ß-sfbpw aqe-_nw-_-Øn¬ ÿe-Ønv {io iw_-c-]pcw F∂ t]¿ e`n-®p. tN¿Øp-h®p ]qPn-®p. hnjvWp`‡-mb {_m“- Imem-¥-c-Øn¬ {io iw_-c-]pcw tem]n®v Xr®w- Ws hcpØn D’-h-]q-PmZn I¿Ω-߃ sNøp- _-c-am-bn. hmpw AXp-t]mse μ-m-e-b-Øn¬ hkn-°p∂ `rKp-hwi t{ijvT-mb ]c-ip-cm-a≥ ]e ZznP- t {i- j v T s _e- c m- a - h n- { Klw inc-   n¬ t£{X-ßfpw kμ¿in-®p-h-cp∂ Ah-k-c-Øn¬ hln®p D’-hmZn I¿Ω-߃ sNøp-hmpw `m¿§- iw_ch-Øn-ep≈ Zp¿§m-t£-{X-Øn¬ FØn. h- c m- a ≥ ntbm- K n- ® p. c≠v ¿Ø- I - t cbpw AhnsS {io iw_c apn-t{i-jvT≥ ambm Zp¿§sb hkp-tZ-h-cmbpw μ-tKm-]-cmbpw IcpXn BZ-cn- tkhn-®n-cn-°p-∂Xp I≠ `m¿§-h-cm-a≥ Xm¶-fn- °-W-sa∂pw `m¿§-h-cm-a≥ I¬∏n-®p. hnsS Xma-kn-°p-∂-Xns‚ Dt±-i-sa-¥m-sW∂v D’h®S-ßp-Iƒ Bcm-™p. At∏mƒ apn-t{i-jvT≥ ]≠v Zzm]-c- Ipw`w 1˛mw XobXn apX¬ ]S-lmZn D’- bp-KØn¬ tZhIn hkp-tZ-h≥am¿°v {ioIr-jW≥ - v hhpw, Ipw`w 22-˛mw XobXn apX¬ km[m-cW hcw sImSp-Ø-X-p-k-cn®v `K-hm≥ Xs‚ kzm`m- t£{X-Øn-ep-≈Xp-t]mse [zPmZn D’-hhpw, ao- - hnI cq]w [cn®v _e-`{Z-tm-Sp-IqSn Cu h-Øn¬ - kw-{Iaw apX¬ ]menI sXfn®p AwKp-cmZn D’- h∂v _me-eo-e-I-fp-p-jvTn-°m-p≈ Imew kao- hhpw S-Øn-h-cp-∂p. Ipw`w 1˛mw XobXn apX¬ ]n-®n-cn-°p-∂p-sh∂pw, B ¿Øw Im¨am-mbn ]m°-Øn-√sØ {_m“-W-t{i-jvT≥ Xr®w-_cw {_“-RvPm-n-I-sf√mw h∂p-tN¿∂p sIm≠n-cn- t£{X-Ønepw, Ipw`w 10-˛mw XobXn apX¬ _e- °p-I-bm-sW∂pw Adn-bn-®p. B Znhy aplq¿Øw cm-a-_nw-_-sa-gp-∂-≈n-°p∂ {_m“Wt{ijvT≥ h∂p. cma-Ir-jvW-∑m¿ _me-cq-]-Øn¬ k¿Δm-`- agqcv t£{X-Ønepw Ah-cpsS ]q¿Δn-I-cpsS D]- c- W - h n- ` q- j n- X - c mbn Xe- b n¬ abn¬∏o- e nbpw tZ-i-a-p-k-cn®v {hX-n-jvT-tbmsS as‰-hn-sSbpw Imen¬ Nne-¶bpw [cn®v ]≠v tKmIp-e-Øn¬ t]mImsX `K-hms tkhn®v `Pn-®p-an-cn-°p-∂p. F∂-t]mse iw_-c-h--Øn¬ ¿Øw sNbvXp. Ipw`w 1˛mw XobXn sshIp-t∂cw {ioIrjvW`K- B kabw tZhInhkp-tZ-h≥am-cpw, btim-Z, hms‚ _en-_nw_w Fgp-∂-≈n®v `K-h-Xn-bpsS tcmlnWn, μ-tKm-]¿ XpS-ßn-b-h-sc√mw cma-Ir- ]≈n-bdbn¬ h®v {ioIr-jvWpw `K-hXn°pw ae- - - - jvW-∑m-cpsS eoem-hn-em-k-߃ I≠v AXy-[nIw cv, ]gw, i¿°c XpS-ßn-bh nthZyw sNøp-∂p. kt¥m-jn-®p. BIm-i-Øn¬ C{μm-Zn-tZ-h-I-fmb ap∏Ønaq∂v tImSn tZh-∑mcpw K‘¿Δm-]vk-c-kp- cm{Xn ChnsS sh®v Ccp-h¿°pw i¿°-c-]m-bkw Ifpw H∂n®p-IqSn ]pjv]-hrjvSn sNbvXp. nth-Zn-°p-∂p. Ipw`w 1 apX¬ 21 hscbp≈ Cu nth-Zy-Ønv ""]f-fn-bd∏mbk''-sa-∂p-]-d-bp-∂p. CsX√mw I≠p-sIm-≠n-cp∂ `m¿§-h-cm-a≥ Ipw`w 1 apX¬ 21 hsc sshIp-t∂-chpw cm{Xnbpw cma-Ir-jvW≥amsc kmjvSmwKw a-kv°cn®v {]Xn- - `K-hms‚ _en-_nw_w ]m°w ]pd-sØ-gp-∂-≈n®v h-’cw Ipw`-amkw ]Xn-mev Znhkw ChnsS t£{X-Øn¬ 3 {]Zn-£Ww sh°p-∂p. Cu NS- _me-∑m-cmbn eoem-hn-em-k-߃ ImWn-°-W-sa- ßnv sNdnb D’-h-sa∂v ]d-bp-∂p. Ipw`w 21-˛v ∂-t]-£n-®p. AXp-{]-Imcw cma-IrjvW≥am¿ kΩ- t£{Xw X{¥n h∂v D’-h-®-S-ßp-Iƒ Bcw-`n- Xn®v hcw ¬In A¥¿≤mw sNbvXp. °p-∂p. 22-˛mw XobXn a≤ym-”-am-Ip-tºm-tg°pw Ipw`-amkw h∂-t∏mƒ iw_-c-h--Øn¬ tNmtbmkn sImSn-acw IgpIn ip≤n-bm-°p-∂p. D’-ham-tLm-jn-°m≥ Bcw-`ns°, {io mc-Zapn - - tijw Xm{¥nI I¿Ω-߃ ]q¿Øn-bm-°p-∂p. {ioIrjvW-s‚bpw _e-cm-a-s‚bpw c≠v _en-_nw- ]m°w ºq-Xncn aplq¿Ø-Øn¬ sImSn-tb‰v _-߃ `m¿§-h-cm-av ¬In. Cu _en-_nw-_- I¿Ωw n¿Δ-ln-°p-∂p. B_m-e-hr≤w P-ß-fp- ߃ c≠v {_m“-W∑m¿ inc- n¬ hln®v rØw - sSbpw ""tKmhn-μw-''hnfn hmZy-ta-f-߃°-∏pdw - 217 -
  • 13. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 BIm- i - t Ømfw Db- c p- ∂ p. AXm Ings° atm-lc Zriyw Hcn°-se-¶nepw I≠n-´p-≈-h¿ hcn-∏-S- Hm-Sn-bn-dßn ]mearX≥ A`n-tj-I-Øn- `mKy-hm≥am-cm-Wv. p≈ ]mep-ambn FØn-°-gn-™p. H∏w Xmt°m¬ S-bn-dßn Np‰-º-e-Ønv {]Zn-£-W-ambn Iq´-hpambn aÆq¿ kap-Zm-bn-bpw. `‡-P--߃ h∂v {iotImhn-en-p-≈n¬ aqe-_nw-_-Ønv kao- B Zriyw ImWp-hm≥ Xn°pw-Xn-c-°p-am-bn-cn-°pw. ]-ap≈ {ioIr-jvWs‚ _en-_nw-_-Ønv ASpØv sshIp-t∂cw `K-hms‚ _en-_nw_w Fgp-∂-≈n- _e-cmahn{Klw hbv°p-∂p. ]qPmZnI¿Ω-߃°p- °p∂ ]m°w ºq-Xncn Xfn-∏-d-ºn¬t]mbn {io tijw Ccp _en-_nw-_-ßfpw ]pd-tØ°v Fgp- cmP-cm-tP-iz-cv sø-arXv h®v sXmgpXv Xr®w-_- ∂-≈n®v sImSn-a-c-Ønv ap∂n¬ t£{X aqe-_nw- cØv D’hw sImSn-tb-dnb hnhcw Adn-bn-°p- _-Øn--`n-ap-J-ambn n∂v [ymn®v at{¥m-]m-k ∂p. XpS¿∂v tNmtbmkn ta¬im-¥n-bn¬ n∂pw SØn c≠p-t]cpw _en-_nw-_-߃ inc- n¬ `K-hms‚ ap{Z-bmbn sh≈n-sI-´nb Nqc¬hSn G‰p- [cn-°p-∂p. At∏mƒ Iogvim-¥n-Iƒ Xrss°-IpS hmßn DØ-c-hm-Z-s∏´ t£{Xw Ig-I-°m-cp-ambn ]nSn-°p-∂p. sImSn-a-c-Ønv Np‰pw c≠p-t]cpw agq¿ [¿Ωn-°p-f-ßc t£{X-Øn¬ t]mIp-∂p. rØw sh®-tijw t£{X-Ønv {]Z-£n-W-ambn tNmtbmkn tkm]m--Øn¬ Ibdn aWn-b-Sn®v h∂v {]Xn- ] Øv S- b n- t e°v {]th- i n- ° p- ∂ p. sXmgpXv `‡n-]p-c- cw ""Xr®w-_-cØv sImSnbpw At∏mƒ sNß-fm-ho-´nse Imc-W-h¿ Xfn-°-e- apfbpw nh¿∂n-cn-°p-∂p, [¿Ωn-°p-f-ß-c-b-∏≥ hp-ambn `K-hm-tmSv Aymbw t_m[n-∏n-°p-∂p. Fgp-∂≈p∂p, Fgp-∂≈p∂p, Fgp-∂≈p∂p'' C{]- - - - Imcw 3 {]mhiyw ]d-bp-∂p. cm{Xn nemhv DZn- Aymbw ]d-bpI ®m¬ _e- ` - { Z- c psS Nm¿Ønb _en- _ nw_w Xr®w-_cw t£{X-Ønse Ig-I-°m-cpw n›nX {_m“-W-t{i-jvT≥ ]pd-sØ-gp-∂-≈n®v ssZh-`-‡-p-amb sNßf ho´nse Hcp hmcy¿ Np‰-º-e-Ønv {]Zn-£-W-ambn rØw sNbvXv 8 tPymXnj kw_-‘-ambn Hcn°¬ Sp-hn-te°v In.- a o. AI- s e- b p≈ Xr®w- _ cw {ioIrjv W t]mhp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. IhnSn k©nbpw I£-Øn- t£{X-Øn-te°v HmSns°m≠p hcp-∂p. km£m¬ dp°n A[nIw Bƒ k©m-c-an-√mØ {]tZ-i-Øp- A-¥s‚ Ah-Xm-c-amb {io _e-`-{Zs‚ ""{]Xn- IqSn t]mIp- t ºmƒ Npgen Ip°- t e- S - Ø n¬ ]Øv'' S hf™p ]pf™p HmSn-bn-dßp∂ ImgvN - ºym¿ F∂ Ic-{]-amWn hmcy-cpsS ssIhiw {io A-¥s kvac-W-bn¬ Db¿Øp-∂p. Cu ImWp-∂Xv ]Wk©n-bm-sW∂v sX‰n-≤cn®v [w - ssI°-em-°p-hm≥ B⁄m-]n-®p. Bsf sIm∂p k©n ssI°-em-°n-b-t∏mƒ Ihn- S n- b mWv I≠- X v . Ipw`w 22- ˛ mw XobXn D’hw Fgp-∂-≈n-°m-dm-bn´pw Ig-I-°m-c≥ hmcysc ImWm-bvI-bm¬ _‘p-°ƒ ]cn-{`m-¥cm-bn. D’-hØnv - - h∂p-tN¿∂ Nne-cn¬ n∂pw HcmfpsS Zp¿a-cWhm¿Ø ho´p-Im¿ Adn-bp-Ibpw - - sNbvXp. `K-hms tkhn®pw `Pn®pw Pohn-°p∂ Hcp Ig-I°m-cv CØ-cØn- - - ep≈ Zp¿KXn h∂p-s]-´-Xn¬ sNßfm ho´nse Imc-W-h¿°v AXn-bmb tJZw D≠m- b n. At±lw Xfn- ° - e - h p- a mbn tsc S- b n- t e°v sN∂p. At∏m- tg°pw cma-Ir-jvW∑m-cpsS hn{K-l߃ - - Fgp-∂-≈n®v S-bn¬ FØn-bn-cp-∂p. - 219 -
  • 14. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 lrZbwsm¥ Imc-W-h¿ `K-hm-tmSv Aymbw ]d-™p. ASpØ h¿jw D’hw Bcw-`n-°p-tºm-tg°pw ºym- cpsS IpSpw-_-Øn-ep-≈-h-sc√mw mam- h-ti-j-am-bn-°-gn-™p. sNß-fm-ho-´p- Im¿ ]ns∂ Aymbw ]d-bm-sXbpw Bbn. At∏mƒ hmcyØv Nne Zp¿n- an- Ø - ß ƒ ImWp- I - b m¬ {]ivhnNmcw sNbvXv k¶SnhrØn ]d-™-t∏mƒ Fs∂ ad-∂-Xp-sIm-≠m- sW∂pw taen¬ D’-h-Im-e-ß-fn¬ Fgp-∂-≈n-®m¬ Imc-W-h¿ Aymbw ]d-b-W-sa∂pw I≠p-h-t{X. C∂pw CXm-h¿Øn-°p-∂p. ]qt°mØv S Iptd h¿j-߃°p-apºv ]qt°mØv S hsc D’h ka-b-ß-fn¬ ]qt°mØv S-bnse Xncp-ap-‰-ambn ]qt°m-Øn√w F∂ t]cn¬ Hcn√- hml KXm-KXw Ap-h-Zn-®n-cp-∂n-√. cm{Xn Hcpa- ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ]qt°-m-Øn-√sØ Hcp `‡-mb Wnt°m H∂c- a - W nt°m Fgp- ∂ - ≈ n- ® p- h - c p∂ ºq- X ncn (]qt°m- Ø - S n- I ƒ) ntXy D’hw Nne-t∏mƒ {]`m-X-Øn¬ Bdv, Ggv aWn- `K- h Xv Z ¿i- - Ø nptijw am{Xta sh≈w hsc o≠p-n¬°pw. AXp-hsc KXm-K-Xhpw apS- t]mepw Ign-°m-dp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-≈p-h-s{X. D’-h- ßn-°n-S-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. 1952-˛¬ D≠mb Nne Zn- h - k - ß - f n¬ Xr®w- _ cw t£{X- Ø nse AnjvS kw`-h-ßsf XpS¿∂v Kh¨sa‚ v D’- nXykμ¿i- I pw Bbn- c p- ∂ p. {]mbm- [ nIyw h- I m- e - ß - f n¬ hmlKXm- K - X - Ø n- mbn Hcp ImcWw Fgp-t∂‰v S-°m≥t]mepw høm-Xmb ss_∏mkv n¿Ωn-°p-I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv. `‡-in-tcm-aWn ]qt°m-Ø-Sn-Iƒ lrZ-b-th-Z-- ]qt°mØv S-bnse D’hw tbmsS `K- h m- t mSv {]m¿∞n- ® p. "`K- h mt ASn-bv S-°m≥ htø, Aß-bpsS _me-eo-tem- ]qt°mØv S-bn¬ rtØm-’hw Ipw`w ’hw ImWm≥ `mKyw XctW!'. ]Xn-hp-t]mse 22-˛mw XobXn apX¬ aow 2˛mw Xob-Xn- h-sc- Ip™- c - b m¬ Xd- b nse rØw Ign- ™ m- ¬ bmWv. Ipw`w 27,28 Xob-Xn-I-fn¬ tZthm-’-h- ]¥hpw hmZy- t a- f - ß - f p- s a√mw t£{X- Ø n- t e- sa∂pw, aow 1,2 Xob-Xn-I-fn¬ atlm-’-h-sa∂pw °vXs∂ aS-ßm-n-cns°, bmsXmcp ap∂-dn-bn∏p- ]d-bp-∂p. DØc tIc-fØnse t£{X-ßfn¬ D’- - - an-√msX `K-hm≥ Hscm‰ Hm´-am-bncp∂ph-t{X, h-Ønv G‰hpw {]mapJyw rØ-Øn-m-Wv. Xr®w- ]qt°m-Ø-Sn-I-fpsS ap‰-tØ-°v. tPjvTpw HmSn. _-cØv S∂p hcp∂ rØ-Øns‚ {]kn≤n Nn√- Ftßm-s´-∂dn-bmsX ]cn-hm-ckaq-lhpw Ctßm´v - - - d-sbm-∂p-a-√. cma-Ir-jvW-∑m-cpsS atm-l-c-ambn h∂p. Im◊m≥ km[n-°mØ `‡s Atßm´v Nm¿Ønb _en-_nw-_-߃ inc- n¬ hln®v sN∂v Ap-{K-ln-°p-Ibm-bn-cp∂p `K-hm≥. C∂pw - rØw sNøp-∂-h¿°v ap∂n-embn Ccp-`m-KØpw CXv XpS¿∂p hcp-∂p. alm-`-‡-mb ]qt°m-Ø- tIm¬]-¥-ßfpw hmZy-hn-ti-j-ßfpw D≠m-Ipw. Sn-I-fpsS ]mh-m-flmhv rØw I≠m--μn-°m≥ DØ-c-tI-c-f-Ønse tIƒhn-tI´ hmZy-°m-sc√mw D’-h-Zn-h-k-ß-fn¬ ]qt°mØv S-bn¬ C∂pw FØn-t®-cpw. tNmbn-bm-ºn-bpsS tXr-Xz-Øn¬ hcp-∂p-s≠-∂mWv Phnizmkw. ]qt°m-ØvS [q]°p‰nbpw, sh≈n-∏´v IpS-Ifpw ]nSn-°p-Ibpw, mj-W¬ sslth-˛17¬s∏´ ÿe-am-Wv. 1952-˛- c≠v tZh-∑m¿°pw Be-h-´hpw sh¨Nm-a-chpw - 221 -
  • 15. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 hoip-Ibpw sNøpw. rØ-°m¿°-`n-ap-Jambn `‡- - ≠-s{X. kzman-bm¿ D’-h-Ønv h∂v tN¿∂n-s√- P--ßfpw a‰v AI-º-Sn-°mcpw D≠m-Ipw. G‰hpw ¶nepw D’hw t£{X-Øns‚ sX°v ]Sn-™mdv ap∂n-embn a™-h-Sn-°mcpw c£m-A-I-º-Snbpw. aqe-bn¬ FØn-bm¬ kzman-bmsc hμn-°p-∂Xmbn - `‡-P--߃ tKmhn-μm, tKmhnμm F∂p hnfn-®p- ImWmw. ]n∂oSv HmSn-s°m≠v cma-Ir-jvW-∑m¿ sIm≠v rØ- Ø ns‚ KXn- t h- K apk- c n®v hS-°p-]-Sn-™mdv aqe-bn¬ sN∂v Xfn-∏-d-º-Ø- apt∂m´pw ]nt∂m´pw oßn- s °m- ≠ n- c n- ° pw. ∏s hW-ßn-b-tijw sImSn-a-c-®p-h-´n¬ h∂v tKmhn-μ-mahnfn-Iƒ cwKsØ `‡n-n¿`-c-am-°p- [ymn®p c≠p-t]cpw inc- n¬ n∂pw _en-_nw- ∂p. Imfn-ba¿±-sØ Ap-kvacn-®mWv Cu rØ- - - _-߃ FSpØv {iotIm-hn-en-te°v Fgp-∂-≈n®v °fn F∂p ]d™phcp-∂p. rØw S-°p-tºmƒ aqe-_nw-_-tØmSv tN¿Øv shbv°p-∂p. Ipw`w 27 Imgv®-°m-cpsS lrZ-bhpw rØw sh°m-Xn-cn-°p- apX¬ aow 2 hsc oscm-gp°pw Xd-bnse hn{i- I-bn-√. amdn-amdn aμ-K-Xn-bnepw, {ZpX-K-Xn-bnepw a-th-fbn¬ cma-Ir-jvW∑m¿°v s]m≥tam-Xncw h®v - - Xmf-Øn-smØv ¿Ø-I-cpsS ]mZ-߃ Nen-°p- sXmgm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. ∂p. tZhm-Zn-Ifpw a‰pw At∏mƒ `K-h¬ Z¿i-- rØ-∏m-bkw Ønv BIm-iØv h∂p-tN-cp-a-t{X. Ipw`kw{I- a - Z n- h kw rØ- ∏ m- b - k - s a∂ apºv D’h°meØv ]qt°mØv S-bn¬ {]m¿∞m hgn-]mSv S-Øn-h-cp-∂p. h¿j-Øn¬ ]¥-en-Sm-dp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-h-t{X. Hcp h¿jw D’hw Hcp Znhkw am{X-ap≈ Cu rØ-∏m-bkw G‰hpw Ign™v ]¥-e-gn-®-t∏mƒ tZh-∑mcpw Ejn-Ifpw t{ijvTamb Hcp hgn-]m-Smbn `‡-P߃ hniz- - - - ]pjv]-hrjvSn sNbvX ]pjv]-߃ I≠p. AXn¬ kn-°p-∂p. A∂v ]qt°mØv S-bn-sebpw Xncp-ap-‰- ]n∂oSv ]¥-en-Sm-dn-s√∂v ]d™p tIƒ°p-∂p. sØbpw rtØm-’hw Ign-™m¬ AIØv Fgp- ]qt°mØv S- b nse D’hw Ign™v ∂-≈n®v a-kv°mc aWvU]Ønv hS°v Ing°v - - t£{X-Øn-te°v aS-ßn-bm¬ oscm-gp°pw Xd- `mKØv h®n- ´ p≈ h´n- f - ∏ m- b - k - Ø nv Np‰pw bnse hn{i-a-Øn-p-tijw t£{X-Xn-cp-ap-‰Øv h®v rØwsh®v sIm≠v 3 {]Z-£nWw h°p-∂p. tijw BZy-Im-eØv S-∂n-cp∂ cma-Ir-jvW-∑m-cpsS aqe-_nw-_Øn-pw, 2 _en-_nw-_߃°pw tN¿Øp- - - _me-eo-em-r-tØm-’hw Bcw-`n-°p-∂p. X’- sIm≠v ]mbkw nth-Zn-°p-∂p. `‡-P߃ {]`m-- - abw t£{X Ig-I°m-cmb Xmt‰ym´v hmcy¿ ]¥- - - X-Øn¬ Ipfn®v `K-h¬Z¿iw sNbvXv ]mbkw hp-ambn kzman-bmsc At±-l-Øns‚ aT-Øn¬ hmßn Ign®v n¿hrXn AS-bp-∂p. n∂pw {]tXyI hmZy-hn-ti-j-ß-tfmsS £Wn®p IqSn-∏n-cn-b¬ Iq´n-sIm-≠p-h-cp-∂p. Xncp-ap-‰Øv Np‰pw {]Zn-£- W-ambn rØw h®-ti-jw HmSn-s°m≠p sX°p- aow aq∂nv CS-°n-S∏v F∂ t]cn¬ Adn- ]-Sn-™ mdp aqe-b n-e p≈ [¿Ω-m kvXm t£{X- b-s∏-Sp∂ Hcp Hgnhv Znhkw. 4˛mw XobXn mSv Øns‚ ap∂n¬ n∂v kzman-bm¿ aq∂p-h´w {]Zn- hew hbv°pI Fs∂mcp NS-ßp-≠v. CXnv D’- £W rØw hbv°p∂p. XZ-h-k-c-Øn¬ a≤y- h-_en F∂pw ]d-bp-∂p. cm{Xn-bm-bm¬ cma-Ir- Øn-ep≈ kzman-bm¿ tZh-∑m¿°-`n-ap-J-ambn kzb- jvW∑m-cpsS Nm¿Ønb _en-_nw-_߃ D’-h- - - ambpw tZh-∑m¿s°-∂XcØn¬ aq∂p {]Zn-£Ww - - - Zn-hkßfn¬ Fgp-∂≈n-°m-dp-≈Xp-t]mse ]pdØv - - - - - hbv°p-Ibpw, DØ-co-b-Øns‚ tIm¥e hncp-Øn- Fgp-∂-≈n®v t£{Xw X{¥nbpw Ap-N-c-∑mcpw °m-Wn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. ]≠v `K-hms DØ- IqSn `qX-KW߃°v _en-b¿∏n®v sIm≠v ]qt°m- - - co-bØn¬ ao-¶Smb-cpsS ho´n¬ n∂v sIm≠p- - ØvS hgn ]me-Ip-fßc {io [¿Ω-im-kvXm-t£- - h∂ kvac-Wsb ne-n¿Øp-I-bm-bn-cn°mw CXv. {X-Øn¬ FØp-∂p. Ahn-SpsØ hn{i-a-Øn-p- tijw kzman-bm¿ ]nc-hm-c-ß-tfmsS aT-Øn-te°v tijw Xr®w-_cw t£{X-Øn¬ Xncn-s®-Øp-∂p. Xncn® bm{X-bm-hp-∂p. Nne Ime-ß-fn¬ kzman- A∂v cm{Xn-bn¬ t£{X a-kvImc aWvU]Øn¬ - - bmcpw ]qs°mØv S D’-h-Øn¬ ]¶p-tN-cm-dp- `K-hmv ]≈n-°dp-∏m-Wv. A©mw XobXn kp{]- - - 223 -
  • 16. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 `m-XØn¬ ]≈n-°p-dp-∏p-W¿Ø¬ I¿Ωw SØn - Øn¬ oscm-gp°pwXd-hsc h∂v sXs° A‰- XpS¿∂p≈ {Inb-Iƒ ]q¿Øn-bm-bm¬ {iotIm-hn- Øp≈ tZhIohkp-tZ-h-∑m-cpsS km∂n-[y-ap≈ en¬ Fgp-∂≈n®v nXy-]q-PmZn I¿Ω-߃ S-Øp- - s]m≥sN- º IXd- h sc Xncp- a p- ‰ - Ø n¬ rØw ∂p. sshIpt∂cw Ccp _en-_nw-_ßfpw Nm¿Øn- - hbv°p-∂p. n›nX {]Z-£nWw ]q¿Øn-bmbn √msX Bdm-´p-Nn-ebn¬ Fgp-∂≈n®v {Inbm-I¿Ω- - - hmZy-hn-ti-j-ß-tfmSpw a‰v AI-º-Sn-tbmSpw IqSn ߃ ]q¿Øo-I-cn-°p-∂p. k‘y-tbmsS hmZy-hn- At∂-Zn-hkw am{Xw ]m¬ Fgp-∂≈n®v hbv°p∂ - ti-j-߃ klnXw t£{X-Øn¬ Xncn-s®-gp-∂- Ac-bm¬ Xd-bpsS kao]w hsc HmSn-sb-Øp-∂p. ≈n- b m¬ {ioIrjv W _en- _ nw_w am{Xw AhnsS n∂v c≠v t]cpw H∂n®v rØw shbv°p- tZhIohkp-tZ-h∑m-cpsS km∂n-≤y-ap≈ s]m≥sN- - ∂p. CSbv°v tPyjvT≥ Adn-bmsX Ap-P≥ ]n¥n- ºIXd-bn¬ Fgp-∂≈n®v hbv°p-∂p. - cn-t™m-Sp-∂p. tPyjvT≥ rØw sNøp-∂-Xn-n-S- Bdmw XobXn `‡n-ck{][m-hpw hnIm- bn¬ Ap-Ps ImWmsX Xncn™v tm°p-∂p. c-n¿`-c-hp-amb "IqSn-∏n-cn-b¬' F∂ t]cn-ep≈ Ap- P ≥ AXm ]n∂n¬ Xs∂bpw tm°n rtØm-’hw S-°p-∂p. sshIp-t∂cw GI-tZiw n¬°p- ∂ p. tPyjv T ≥ HmSn Ap- P s‚ ASp- 3 aWn-tbm-Sp-IqSn _en-_nw-_-߃ Nm¿tØm-Sp- sØØn c≠p- t ]cpw H∏w ho≠pw rØw IqSn ]pd-sØ-gp-∂-≈n®v X{¥n Np‰º-e-Øn¬ sNbvXp apt∂m´v oßp-∂p. CXv ]e- X-hW {io`q-X-_en n¿Δ-ln-°p-∂p. At∏m-tg°pw ]¥- Bh¿Øn-°p-∂p. ktlm-Z-c-∑m-cpsS kvtl-{]-I- °mcpw hmZy-°m-cp-sa√mw Xømdm-bn-cn-°pw. rØw Sw `‡-P--ßsf tImƒa-bn¿sIm≈n-°p-∂p. Bcw-`n-°p-tºm-tg°pw tamXncw h®v sXmgm-p≈ k‘y-bm-Im-dm-Ip-tºmƒ ]mearX≥ ]m¬°pSw Xnc-°m-bn. k¿Δm-`o-jvS-߃°pw-th≠n `‡-P- inc- n¬ hln®v Iøn¬ Hme-°p-Sbpw BNm-c-h- -߃ cma-Ir-jvW-∑m¿°v tamXncw h®v sXmgp- Sn-bp-ambn tKmhnμP]-tØmsS Bth-i-Øn¬ ∂p. aμ-K-Xn-bn¬ am{Xta rØw h®v apt∂m´v t£{X-Øn-te°v hcp-tºmƒ ]m{X-Øn-ep≈ ]m¬ oßm≥ Cu Ah-kcw km[n-°p-I-bp-f-fq. {Ia- ]X-®p-a-dn-bp-∂Xv ImWmw. At∏mƒ F√mw ad∂v ]m¬ shÆ-tN¿∂p≈ t`mP- -tam-tcm-∂n¬ sImXn-b-mb s]m∂pÆn IÆ≥ Xs‚ {ioeI-tØ°v HmSn ad-bp-∂p. hnjm-Z-I-ep-jn-X-mbn hnc-l- th-Z--tbmsS _e-`-{Z-kzman kzÿm- - a mb agqcn- t e°v aSßp-∂p. B-μ-tem-e-mbn sIm´pw Ipc-hbpw BI-º-Sn- bp-ambn Ap-Ps ImWm≥ h∂ tPyjvT≥ Ipd®p ]¥- °mcpw a‰v Ig-I°mcpw tNmbn- - bm-ºnbpw a‰p-ambn {XnIm-e- m- Y - s - ¶ nepw amp- jnI`mhw ssIs°m≠p Xr®w- _ - c - t ØmSp bm{X- ] - d™v t]mIp-∂p. IÆn-eo-d-p- ambn, KZv K - Z - I - W v T - mbn hnizm- k n- I ƒ tKmhnμ - 225 -
  • 17. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 tKmhnμ F∂v o´n-hn-fn-°p-∂p. k¿Δcpw tcmam- B-hn-tcm[w: ©-]p-f-In-X-cm-Ip∂ Hcp cwKw. ]Xn-mev Znh- Xr®w-_-c-Ø-∏s‚ Bhntcm[w hfsc ksØ D¬k-h-Ønv Aßs Xnc-»oe hogp-I- {]kn-≤-amWv. Iwk-h-[-Ønv tij-ap≈ `mh-Øn- bm-Wv. em-Wt√m Xr®w-_cØ∏s‚ {]Xn-jvT. Xs∂ hI- - - - Xr®w-_cØv sh®v cma-Ir-jvWeo-eIƒ Hcp - - - h-cp-Øm≥ h∂ Iph-e-bm-]o-U-Øns‚ hwi-P- Xh- W - s b- ¶ nepw ImWm≥ km[n- ° p- ∂ - h ¿°v tcmSpw Ahn-Sp-tØ°v AS-ßmØ ]I-bm-Wv. ]p¿P-∑-an-s√∂pw ]c-]p-cp-jm¿∞w km[n-°p- C∂pw ]qt°mØv S-bn¬ IqSn-tbm, Xr®w-_cw sa∂pw `‡-P--߃ hniz-kn-°p-∂p. t£{X-]-cn-k-c-Øp-Iq-Sntbm Bsb sIm≠p-t]m- D’h {]ikvXn Im≥ ss[cy-s∏-Sm-dn-√. CXnv hncp-≤-ambn {]hr- Øn-®-t∏m-sg√mw An-jvS-kw-`-h-߃ D≠m-bn-´p- Hcn°¬ Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ alm-cm-Pmhv Xr®w- ≠v. inh-cm-{Xn-°pw, hnjp-hnpw Xr®w-_cØ∏s - - - _cw atlm-’hw ImWm-n-Sbmbn. D’-hØns‚ - - Xfn-∏-d-º-Ø-∏s‚ khn-[-Øn-te°v Fgp-∂-≈n- NS- ß p- I fpw Bƒ°q- ´ hpw alm- c m- P m- h ns °pI ]Xn-hp-≠v. Xfn-∏-d-ºn-em-sW-¶n¬ inh-cm{Xn h√msX BI¿jn-®p. m´n¬ Xncn-s®-Ønb alm- D’-h-Ønv B IqSn-tb-Xo-cq. A-∏p-d-ØmWv cm- P mhv GXm- Z r- i - a mb Hcp’hw kztZ- i Øv s]cpw- X r- t °m- h ne∏s Fgp- ∂ - ≈ n- ° p- ∂ - X v . kwL-Sn-∏n-°p-hm≥ Xocp-am-n-®v I¬∏ sImSp- F∂m¬ Xr®w-_-c-Øp-n-∂v Fgp-∂-≈n∏v hcp- Øp. D’hw S-∂p-sh-¶nepw ImWn-Iƒ Ipdhv. tºmƒ hgn-bn-tem, Xfn-∏-dºv t£{X-]-cn-k-ctØm cmPm-hnv Xr]vXn-bm-bn-√. D’-h-Ønv kZybpw Fßpw- Xs∂ Bsb ImWp-I-bn-√. k¿Δm-Wnbpw G¿s∏-Sp-Øn. F∂n´pw XssY-h. _p≤n- c m- £ - k - mb Xs‚ D]- t Zin cma- ø sc H∂v c≠v t«mI- ß ƒIqSn D≤- c n®v Cu CXns‚ clkyw Adn-™p-h-cm≥ Xr®w-_-c-tØ- teJw Ah-km-n-∏n-°mw. °-b®p-hs{X. cma-ø≥ Chn-sS-h∂v D’hw ho£n- - - Xrs®-Ω-cØp s]cp-amƒ°v sNdp-∏-sa-∂˛ ®p. `K-hms sXmgp-Xp-Imcyw a- n-em°n aS-ßn. ßpss®¿ hnfn-®p-]-d-bp-∂nXp temI-sc-√mw, alm-cm-Pm-hns apJw ImWn-®p ImcWw hnh-cn- hnizw Nabv°pap-S-t-bXp ImØgn°pw ®p-sIm-Sp-Øp-h-t{X. `K-hm≥ {ioIr-jvWs‚ _en- hnssizImYp Ifn-∏p-c-sb-∂t]mse _nw-_-Øn-ep≈ thWp-tKm-]m-e-hn-{K-l-Øn¬ CXns‚ I¿Øm-hm-sc∂p n›-b-an-√. ]pcm- n∂pw ]pd-s∏-Sp∂ apc-fo-mZw `‡-P--ßsf W-{]-Imcw Iwk-h-[w, {ioIr-jvWs‚ ]{¥≠mw BI¿jn-°p-∂p. Xr®w-_-c-Ø-∏s‚ amlmflyw hb- n¬ inh-cm-{Xn- Zn--am-Wv. At∏mƒ Xr®w- Ah¿Æ-o-b-am-sW∂p t_m[y-s∏´ alm-cm-Pmhv _-cØ∏v sNdp∏w Xs∂-bm-bn-cn-°p-at√m. temI- - - - B DZy- a - Ø n¬ n∂pw ]n¥n- c n- ™ p. C∂pw am-Ip∂ Ifn-hoSv D≠m-°pIbpw C√m-Xm-°p-Ibpw D’hw ImWm≥ hcp-∂-h¿°v t_m[y-s∏-Sp∂ Agn®p]Wn-bp-I-bp-sa√mw sNøp-∂Xv `K-hmv Hcp Imcy-amWv D’hw XpS-ßm≥ tc-am-Ip-tºm- sIm®p-Ip-´n-Iƒ aÆp-sIm≠v Ifn-hoSv D≠m-°p- tg°pw P-߃ FhnsS n∂-dn-bm-ØhÆw h∂p- ∂Xv t]mse-bm-Wv. tNcp- ∂ Xpw D’hw Ah- k m- n- ° p- t ºmƒ ]ncn™p t]mIp-∂-Xpw. {io iw_-tc-imb a: sI. sF. mcm-b-W≥ amÿ : dn´. A[ym-]-I≥. Xr®w-_wcw t£{XØnse ap≥ `m-c-hm-ln. - 227 -
  • 18. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 t£t{Xm-’-h-ß-fnse BNm-c-ßfpw Ap-jvTm--ßfpw An-b≥ Xv. {Kma-Ønv apgp- h≥ t{ib-   v°- c - amWv D’-hw. {Kmao- W¿ apgp-hpw HcpX- c- Ø n¬ As√- ¶ n¬ as‰m-cp-XcØn¬ D’- - - h-Øn¬ `mK-`m-°p-I- fm-Ip-∂p. {Kma-Øns‚ k¿Δ-tXm≥ap-J-amb A`n- h r≤n tZh- s‚bpw ]cn-hm-c-ß-fp- sSbpw Ap-{K-lm-»n-  p-I-tfmsS sIm√w- tXmdpw D’hw Ap- jv T n- ® m¬ D≠m- I p- ∂p. F√m tZh- ∑m¿°pw Znhk hyh- ÿ- t bmsS F√m ""D’hw'' F∂ ]Z- Ø nv nJWv U p h¿jhpw k¿Δ- k - º Xv k ar- ≤ nsb Dt±- i n®v ¬Ip∂ A¿∞w BtLm-jw, BÀm-Zm-h-k-cw, D’hw S-Ø-Ww. BÀmZw Xcp∂ hkv X p Fs∂m- s °- b m- W v . D’-h-Øns‚ BKaw F∂m¬ t£{X- h p- a mbn _‘- s ∏- S p- Ø n- b m¬ D’hw F∂ ]Z-Ønv Iev]n-°p∂ A¿∞w {io]m¿ΔXn]c-ta-izc ]p{X-mb Ipam-c- t£{X-ß-fn¬ S-Øp∂ BtLm-j-߃, D¿[z- kzman Xmc-Im-kp-cs h[n®v tZh-∑m¿°v kz¿§m- `m-KtØ-°p≈ Hgp°v F∂m-Wv. ]qPm-cn-bp-sS-tbm, - [n-]-XysØ Xncn-t®¬∏n-®p. B-μ-`-cn-X-cmb t£{X Bcm-[-I-cp-sStbm A{i-≤-sIm≠v t£{X- C{μmZn tZh-∑m¿ Ipam-c-kzm-an-bpsS kao-]-Øp- Ønse ssNX-y-Ønv D≠m-Im-hp∂ ]mI-∏n-g-I- sN∂v ""At±-lsØ Ae-¶-cn® tZh-c-Y-Øn-te‰n fpsS ]cn-lm-cm¿∞-amWv D’-h-߃ S-Øp-∂- AXnYn k¬°m- c mZn D]- N m- c - ß sf sNbv X v Xv. aX-Ønse Hmtcm hn`m-K-Øn-s‚-bpw, tZi-Øn- ]qPn®v tZh-]p-c-Ønse F√m hoYn-I-fnepw Fgp- s‚bpw k¶-ev]-a-p-k-cn®v BtLm-j-߃°pw ∂-≈n®v D’-hm-tLm-j]p-c cw Bcm-[n-°p-hm≥'' - - hyXym-k-ap-≠v. ssNX-y-tNm¿® h∂n-cn-°m-n-S- D≈ Ap-{Klw tNmZn-®p. k¥p-jvS-mb Ipam-c- bp≈ t£{X-am-Ip∂ ]m{X-Øn¬ ssNX-y-Pew kzman Cu k¬°m- c - ß ƒ°pw BtLm- j - Ihn-s™m-gp-Ip∂ hn[w Xm{¥n-I-hn[n Ap-k- ߃°pw F√m tZh-∑mcpw `mK-`m-°p-I-fm-IWw cn®v nd-°p-I-bmWv D’-hm-h-k-c-Øn¬ sNøp-∂- F∂v D]-tZ-in-°p-I-bpw, D’-hm-tLm-j-Øn¬ - 229 -
  • 19. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 Ap-kcn-t°≠ hn[n-Iƒ Fs¥-√m- - sa∂v n¿t±-in-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Cßns kzman- b psS A`n- a - X w- t]mse D’hmtLmj- ß ƒ S- Ønb tZh-`qX]nim-Nm-Zn-Iƒ kzman- bpsS Ap-{K-l-Ønv ]m{Xo-`q-X-cm- bn. A-¥cw Ipam-c-kzman tZh-∑m- tcmSv Xn°v am{X-ambn D’-hm- tLm-j-߃ sNbvXv a‰p-≈-hsc ad- °p-∂Xv tZmj-amWv F∂pw, Xß- fpsS ne-bv°-p-kr-X-ambn `‡-∑m- sc-√m-hcpw F√m tZhm-e-b-ß-fnepw D’-hm-tLm-j-߃ BN-cn-°-W- sa∂pw n¿t±-in-®p. CXn-p-th≠ tZhm- K - a w, hn[n- n¿Æ- b w, tPymXnimkv{Xw F∂nh kp{_-“- Wy-kzman Xs∂ n¿t±in°pIbpw sNbvXp. aq∂v hn[-Øn-ep≈ D’-h-߃: A¶p-cm-Zn, [zPm-Zn, ]S-lm-Zn F∂n- ß s aq∂v hn[- Ø n- e p≈ D’-h-߃ D≠v. A¶p-cm-Zn-bmb D’hw DØ-a-hpw, [zPmZn D’hw am≤y-a-hpw, ]S-lmZn D’hw A[-a- hp-amWv F∂v ]d-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. A¶p-cm-tcm-]-W- A¶p-cmZn D’h-Ønv AXns‚ ]oTnI (B- tØm-Sp-IqSn (ap-fbn-S¬) XpS-ßp∂ D’hw ""A¶p- - ap-Jw) Bb ""ip≤n'', Hcp Znhkw sshIp-t∂-csØ cmZn'' D’hw F∂pw, apf-bn-SmsX sImSn-I-b-‰pI {]kmZip≤nbpw ]nt‰∂v ImesØ _nw_-ip- am{X-ambn XpS-ßp∂ D’hw ""[zPmZn'' F∂pw, apf-bn-S-epw, sImSn-I-b-‰epw C√msX sIm´n-∏p-d- ≤nbpw IqSn-t®¿∂-Xm-Wv. {]tXyI `mj-bn-ep-≈, s∏-Sp∂ D’hw ""]S-lmZn'' F∂pw Adn-b-s∏-Sp- tZh-ssN-Xyw Bhm-ln®v ]qPn-®, apf-ºm-en-I-I- ∂p. ]S-lm-Zn°pw Be-¶m-cn-I-ambn Nne t£{X- fmWv apf- b n- S - e nv D]- t bm- K n- ° p- I . CØcw ß-fn¬ sImSn-acw m´pI ]Xn-hp-≠v. ]S-lmZn apfw]men-I-Isf icmhw (N-cm-Xv), hSn-I, ]men D’-h-Ønv Ft´m H≥]tXm Znhkw ]pd-tØ°v F∂o ma-t[-b-ß-fnepw Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. hnhn[ Fgp-∂≈n∏v D≠mIpw; BtLm-jßfpw D≠m-Ipw. - - [my-߃ ]men¬ IpXn¿Øv, Huj-[o-i-mb Hcp nebv°v Btem-Nn-®m¬ tZho-tZ-h-∑m¿ `‡- N{μs Bhm-ln®v ]qPn®v aÆpw, aW-epw, NmW- P--ß-fn-te°v Cd-ßn-s®-√p∂ D’h k{º-Zm-b- I- s ∏m- S nbpw nd® apfw]men- I - I - f n¬ hnX®v am-Wv ]S-lm-Zn. h¿j-Øn¬ H∂n¬°q-Sp-X¬ D’- kq£n-°pw. apf-bn-S-env D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ [my- h-߃ S-Øp∂ t£{X-ß-fmWv Xr∏q-Wn-Øp-d- ߃ h-[m-y-߃ F∂ t]cn¬ Adn-b-s∏-Sp- bnse {io]q¿Æ-{X-bo-i-t£-{X-hpw, Xncp-h--¥- ∂p. (bhw , sNs∂-√v, F≈v, sNdp-]-b¿, tKmX- ]p-csØ {io ]fl-m-`-kzman t£{X-hpw. ºv, shfpØ ISp-Iv, apXn-c, Dgp-∂v, Aac F∂n-h- bmWv h-[m-y-߃). [my-ß-fpsS FÆ-hpw, apf-bn-S¬ - 230 -
  • 20. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 [my-ßfpw aq¿Øn-t`Zw Ap-k- cn®v hyXy-kvX-am-bn-cn-°pw. ]≈n- th´ Znhkw hsc F∂pw {Xnk- ‘y- t - c - ß - f n¬ a™ƒs∏mSn tN¿Ø Pew sIm≠v Chsb - ° pw. Cu apfw]men- I - I ƒ Bdm- ´ ns‚ Xte- Z n- h kw {]Xn- jvTm-aq¿Øn-bpsS ]≈n-°p-dp-∏n- sm-cp-°p∂ iø-bpsS mep-h- ihpw [my-k-ar-≤n-bpsS kqN-- bmbn Ae-¶-cn®v hbv°m-dp-≠v. sImSnI-b‰w t£{X- ß - f n¬ ""sImSn- tb‰''tØmsS D’-h-߃ Bcw- `n-°p-∂p. AXm-bXv t£t{Xm-’- h- ß - f psS {]mcw` NS- ß mWv sImSn- I - b - ‰ w. sImSn- a - c - Ø ns‚ apI-fn¬ sImSn-I-b‰n Xq°p-I- bmWv sImSn-tb-‰-Ønse {][m I¿Ωw. sImSn- j-Z∑m-cpsS _en-°√p-Ifnepw shtΔsd _en-Xq- - - - a-c-Øn-t∑¬ Ben-ebpw amhn-ebpw Z¿`bpw Iq´n- Ipw. ""{io`q-X-_en''°mIs´ hym]vXn H∂pIqSn s°´n Ae-¶-cn-®n-cn-°-Ww. ÿncw sImSn-acw h¿≤n-°pw. Hmtcm ]m¿j-Z-s‚bpw _en-°-√n¬ C√mØ t£{X-ß-fn¬ CXn-p-th≠n {]tXyI AXmXv ]m¿j-Zs‚ a{¥w-sIm≠v _en-Xq-Ip-∂- acw apdn®v BtLm- j - t ØmsS sIm≠p- h ∂v Xnp ]pd-sa, B ]m¿j-Zs‚ ]m¿j-Z∑m¿°v IqSn - t£{X-Ønp apºn¬ X°-ÿ-eØv (h-enb _en- _en Xqh-ep-≠v. AtXm-sSm∏w ]pdsØ {]Z-£n- °-√ns‚ ]pdØv 3 tIm¬ am‰n [zP ÿmw hcp- W-Øns‚ kwJybpw h¿≤n-°pw. ioth-en-bpsS `mK- am-dv) ÿm]n-°p-∂p. ÿncw sImSn-acw Ds≠-¶n¬ ambn t£{X-Ønse tZhs‚ As√-¶n¬ tZhn-bpsS ]pWym-lm-Zn-I-fpw, Bhm-l--hpw, ]qP-Ifpw a‰pw XnSºv awKf hmZy-ßtfm-sSbpw Ap-jTm-]camb - v - - - Ign™v sImSn-°q-dsb Ib-dn¬s°´n Itc‰n sI´p- NS-ßp-Itfm-sSbpw t£{X-Ønp Np‰pw {]Z-£n-W- - ∂p. Nne -t£-{X-ß-fn¬ sImSn-tb‰v Znhkw a‰p ambn Fgp-∂≈n-°m-dp-≠.v ""ImgvNio-then'' F∂mWv - - CXns ]d-bp-∂X.v- ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ H∂pw D≠m-hp-I-bn-√. D’hw XpS- ßp-∂Xv ]nt‰-Zn-hkw apX-em-bn-cn-°pw. D’-h_en - ioth-enbpw {io`q-X_enbpw - - {io`q-X-_-en-bpsS Hcp henb ]Xn-∏mWv D’-h-_-en. Cu al-Ømb _en D’-h-Øn-n-S- sslμh t£{X-ßfnse Bcm-[m-]camb - - - - bn¬ Hcp Znh-k-sa-¶nepw Ap-jvTn-bvt°-≠-Xm- NS-ßp-Ifn¬ H∂mWv ioth-en. alm-t£-{X-ßfn¬ - - Wv. D’-h-_en C√m-tXbpw D’-h-߃ S-Øn- F√mw 5 ]qP-Ifpw 3 ioth-en-Ifpw D≠m-bn-cn-°pw. h-cm-dp-≠v. F√m Znh-k-ß-fnepw D’-h-_en S- F√m ]qP°pw ""Xqhm≥ AS-bv°¬'' D≠-t√m. Øp∂ t£{X-ßfpw D≠v. tZh-s‚ ]cn-hm-c-ßsf Xncp-ap-‰Øv A·n-tIm-Wn-ep≈ _en-°√n¬ im¥n- - hnti-j-a-{¥-ß-tfm-Sp-IqSn Pe-˛-K-‘-˛-]p-jv]-˛-[q-]- °m-c≥ Hmtcm ]qPbv°pw _en-Xq-Ipw. ioth-en- ˛-Zo-]-ß-tfm-Sp-IqSn ]qPn®v {]tXy-I-ambn ]qPn® bv°m-Is´ _en-Xq-I¬ Iptd-°qSn hnkvXcn-®m-bn- - lhn- p-sIm≠v _en-Xq-Ip∂ k{º-Zm-bamWv D’- - cn-°pw. t£{X-Øn-IØpw ]pd-Øp-ap≈ F√m ]m¿- - h-_en F∂v ]d-bmw. - 231 -
  • 21. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 D’-h-_-en°v 36 ]d Acn-bpsS ssthZyw ]pcmWw hmbn®v tIƒ∏n®v XncnsI {iotImhn- thWsa-∂mWv hbv]v. en-te-bv°p-Xs∂ Fgp-∂-≈n-°p-∂p. D’-h-Im- ]≈n-th´ esØ G‰hpw D¬Ir-jvS-amb k∑p-lq¿Ø-am-b- Xn-m¬ Cu ka-bsØ tZh-Z¿iw hnin-jvSsa∂v - P- ß - f psS sskzcy- P o- h nXw Dd- ∏ m- hnti-jn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. °m≥th≠n t£{X-Ønse {]Xn-jvTm-aq¿Ønsb km£n-bm°n, P-t-Xm-°ƒ kwL-Sn-∏n-®n-cp∂ Bdm´v hm¿jnI ""arK- b m- h n- t mZ''ambn- c p∂p ]≈n- t£t{Xm- ’ - h - Ø ns‚ Ah- k mZnhkw th-´. B NSßv Ct∏mgpw Bdm-´ns‚ Xte-Zn-hkw D’-h-_nw-_sØ (Xn-S-ºn-s) GsX-¶nepw Pem- cm{Xn XpS¿∂p-h-cp-∂p. ]≈n-th-´-bpsS Bap-J- i-bØn¬ ocm-Sn-°p∂ NS-ßmWv Bdm-´.v kzkvXn - ambn {io`q-X-_-en-bp-≠v. tKm]p-c-Ønv ]pdØv kq‡-hpw, awK-e-kq-‡hpw P]n-®p-sIm≠v D’- IS-∂m¬ hmZy-tLm-j-ß-fn-√m-sX-bmWv bm{X. h-_nw_w Bdm´nmbn ]pd-tØ°v Fgp-∂-≈n- n›n-X-ÿ-eØv hbvt°mepw a‰pw-sIm≠v Iem- °p-I-bpw, kwhmZkq‡hpw sFI-a-Xy-kq-‡hpw ]-c-ambn sI´n-bp-≠m-°nb Hcp ]∂nsb Xøm- P]n-®p-sIm≠v B _nw_-hp-ambn X{¥n Pe-Øn¬ dm°n h®n-cn-°pw. Hcm¬Ø-d-bn-emWv an°-hmdpw apßp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. Bdm´v Ign™v D’-h- CXv ]Xn-hv. B¬Ø-d-bpsS 8 Zn°nepw X{¥n _nw_w {iotIm-hn-en¬ Xncn-s®-Øn-°-gn-™m¬ _en-Xq-In-°-gn-™m¬, hn√pw Aºpw FSp-Øn- t£{X-Øn¬ sImSn-bn-d-°p-Ibpw D’hw kam- ´p≈ Hcp Ah-Im-i-°m-c≥ X{¥n-bpsS Ap-hmZw ]n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. Nne t£{X-ß-fn¬ sImSn- taSn- ® - t ijw ]∂n- b psS tsc Asº- b p- ∂ p. bn-d°v Ign-™mWv Bdm´v S-Øp-∂-Xv. D’-h- ]∂nsb sIm∂p F∂v k¶-ev]n®v PUhpw Npa- Øn-mbn ]pd-sØ-Sp-°p∂ D’-h-_nw-_sØ ∂p-sIm≠v t£{X-Øn-te-bv°p≈ Xncns®gp-∂- D’-hm-¥y-Øn¬ ip≤o-I-cn®v ]p: {]Xn-jvTn- ≈n∏v Hcp tLmj-bm-{X-bm-bn-´m-bn-cn-°pw. Cu °p∂p F∂v k¶-ev]w. tLmj-bm-{X-bn¬ sI´n-bp-≠m-°nb a‰v ]e arK- ß-fpsS cq]-ßfpw I≠p-h-cm-dp-≠v. BNm-cy-X-]-km-avmb Pt]--n-b-ta N: D’thm-∂-Zm-t t£{X-hr≤nkvXp ]©[m ]≈n-°p-dp∏pw ]≈n-bp-W¿Øepw ]≈n-th-´-I-gn™v ]co-£oW-mbn hcp∂ ""BNm-cys‚ {i≤-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bp≈ at{¥m-®m-cWw tZhs Ae-¶-cn®v ]qPn® iø-bn¬ Xm{¥n-I-{In- P]w, Bfl-ip-≤n, D’-hw, A∂-Zmw b-I-tfmsS InSØn Dd-°p∂ NS-ßmWv ]≈n-°p- Cßns 5 Imcy-߃s°m≠v t£{X-Ønv dp-∏v. ]≈n-°p-dp∏v Znhkw t£{Xm-¶-W-Øn¬ Dd- A`n-hr-≤n D≠m-Ip-∂p.'' Ch-bn¬ ]ca °-sam-gn-®n-cp∂v au-ambn ma-P-]-ß-tfmsS tZh- {][m--am-bXv D’hw Xs∂. tkh sNøp-∂Xv AXyp¬Ir-jvS-am-Wv. ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ tZhs n{Z-bn¬ n∂p-W¿Øn ]ip-°p-´n- Ah-ew_w : 1. Ipgn-°m´v ]® (X-{¥-{K-Ÿw) tbbpw AjvS-aw-K-ey-ß-tfbpw IWn-Im-Wn-®- 2. lnμp F≥-ssk-t¢m-]o-Unb tijw A`n-tj-I-߃ XpS-ßnb {]`m-X-I¿Ω- 3. sslμh hn⁄m--tImiw ߃ Ign®v, _nw_w k¿Δm-e-¶mc`qjn-X-am-°n, 4. ]pcm-WnIv F≥ssk-t¢m-]o-Unb An-b≥ :˛ dn´-tb¿Uv _m¶v Dt±ym-K-ÿ≥. Xma-c-wIp-f-ßc Aø-∏-tk-hm- k-an-Xn-bpsS kPo-h-{]-h¿Ø-I≥. - 232 -
  • 22. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 DØ-c-a-e-_m-dnse hyXy-kvX-ß-fmb D’-h-°m-gvN-Iƒ Fw.-B¿.-F-kv. tatm≥ Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿, sIm®n, Z£nWae-_m¿ am-Sw, I√q¿ XpS-ßnb C√-ß-fn-ep≈h¿°pw `mK-ß-fnse t£t{Xm-’-h-ß-fn¬n∂v XnI®pw ChnsS {]th-i--an-√. hyXy- k v X - a mb H∂mWv DØ- c - a - e - _ m- d nse hr›nI kw{Iaw apX¬ hr›nIw 14 hsc t£t{Xm- ’ - h - ß ƒ, DØ- c - a - e - _ m¿ F∂- X p- ]Xn-©p Znh-ksØ Bcm-[--bmWv Chn-SpsØ sIm≠v IÆq-cnp hS°v hf-]-´Ww ]pg°pw D’-hw. sImSn-actam sImSn-tb-t‰m, Bdmt´m Chn- - I¿Æm-SI AXn¿Øn-bnse t{Xm-h-Xn-]p-g°pw sS-bn-√. XnS-sº-gp-∂-≈n-∏mWv Chn-SpsØ Bcm- CS-°p≈ `qhn-`m-K-sØ-bmWv Dt±-in-°p-∂-Xv. [--bpsS apJym-I¿j-Ww. atm-l-c-ambn Ae-¶- sXø-t°m-e-ßfpw sshhn-[y-am¿∂ BNm-c-ßfpw cn® XnSºv im¥n-°m-cs‚ Xe-bn-emWv Fgp-∂- Ap-jvTm--ßfpw DØ-c-a-e-_m-dnse t£t{Xm- ≈n-°p-∂-Xv. ]©-hm-Zy-Ønpw taf-Ønpw {]i- ’-h-ßsf `‡n-bpsSbpw hnizm-k-Øn-s‚bpw kvX-cmb nc-h[n Iem-Im-c-∑m¿ ]ø-∂q-cnepw ]cn- kwK-a-`q-an-bm-°p-∂p. ImgvN-I-tf-°mƒ Ap-jvTm- k-cØpw D≠v. D’-h-Ønp F√m Znh-khpw -߃°m-Wn-hnsS {]m[m-yw. tIfn ]©-hm-Zyw, tafw, mZ-kzcw Ch D≠m-Ipw. ]ø-∂q¿ Bcm-[ IY-Ifn, rØw XpS-ßnb Iem-]cn-]m-Sn-Ifpw D’- - h- t Øm- S - p- _ - ‘ n®v ]Xn- h p- ≠ v . Hcp h¿jw DØ-c-a-e-_m-dnse D’-h-ß-fpsS XpS°w samØw 22 Bcm-[bpw 22 {io`q-X_enbpw thW- - - - Ipdn-°p-∂Xv ]ø-∂q¿ kp{_-“-Wy-t£-{X-Ønse sa-∂mWv n›bw. hr›n-I-kw-{I-a-Ønv c≠p Bcm-[ F∂ D’-h-tØm-sS-bm-Wv. ]øs‚ Bcm-[-bpw, c≠p {io`q-X-_-enbpw hr›nIw 1 DucmWv ]ø-∂q-cm-b-Xv. tIme-Øvm-´n¬ s]cp- apX¬ 14 hsc 14 Bcm-[-bpw 14 {io`q-X-_-enbpw am-°-∑m-cmbn Bcm-[n-°-s∏´ A©p t£{X-tZ-h- S-°pw. a‰v BsdÆw a‰p amk-ß-fn¬ S°pw ∑m-cn¬ Hcp tZh-mWv ]ø∂q¿ s]cp-amƒ. Xr®w- Bdv, H≥]Xv, ]{¥≠v Znh-k-ß-fnse Bcm-[m _-cØv _me-Ir-jvW-s∏-cp-amƒ, s]cp-©-√q¿ (X- D’-h-Øn-mWv Gsd {]m[m-yw. fn-∏-d-ºv) oe-I-WvT-s∏-cp-amƒ, Xncp-h-ßmSv (X-e- t»-cn) {iocm-a-N-{μ-s∏-cp-amƒ, sIm´n-bq¿ {io]-c- XnS-ºp-rØw ta-iz-cs∏-cp-amƒ F∂n-hcmWv a‰p mep tZh-∑m¿. - - DØ-c-a-e-_m-dnse t£t{Xm-’-h-߃°v tIc-f-Ønse 64 {Kma-ß-fn¬ {][m--s∏´ H∂mbn- hfsc A]q¿Δ-amtb B Fgp-∂-≈n∏v ]Xn-hp- cp∂p ]ø- ∂ q¿. 12 ASn- t bmfw s]m°- a p≈ ≈q. D’-hØnv XnS-ºp-r-ØamWv {][m-w. Ae- - - aXn¬s°´n-IØv 3 1/2 G°¿ hnkr-Xn-bn-emWv ¶-cn® ioth-en-_nw_w (Xn-S-ºv) Xe-bn-segp-∂- t£{Xw ÿnXn-sN-øp-∂-Xv. KP-]r-jvS-am-Xr-I-bn- ≈n®v ]mZ-N-e--߃°v {]m[m-y-tØmsS sNøp- ep≈ ]n≥`m-Khpw c≠p-n-e-bp≈ sNºp-s]m- ∂-XmWv XnS-ºvrØw. amcm-∑m¿ sIm´p∂ Xmf- Xn™ {iotIm-hnepw BdSn s]m°-ap≈ kp{_- Øn¬ {_m“-W¿(--ºq-Xncn AYhm F{ºm-¥n- “-Wys‚ hn{K-lhpw ]ø-∂q¿ t£{XsØ hyXy- cn) rØwh°p-∂p. ºo-i≥, hmcy¿ jmc-Sn, DWn- kvX-am-°p-∂p. n∂p-sIm-≠mWv ChnsS ]qP. ]c- Øncn F∂n-h¿ hnf-°p-]n-Sn-°p-∂p. Ae-°n-b-h- ip-cm-a {]-Xn-jvT-bp-≈-Xn-m¬ £{Xn-b¿°pw, kv{Xw sRmdn-™p-SpØv rØ-°m-c≥ ]´p-Øcnbw - kym-kn-am¿°pw, a{¥-hm-Zn-Ifmb Imf-Im-´v, Im´p- - D]-ho-X-am-b-Wn-bp-∂p. kz¿Æ-am-e, kz¿Æ-h-f, - 241 -
  • 23. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 a-e-_m-dnse imt‡b tI{μ-ß-fm-Wv. sIm√w ]njm- c n- ° mhv , Ifcn hmXp-°¬, amam--Øp- Imhv F∂n-hbm-Wv a‰p - imt‡b D-]m-km-tI- - {μ-߃. aZyhpw a’y- amw- k - ß fpw Chn- SpsØ {iotIm-hnen¬ nth-Zn-°p-∂p. IÆq-cnpw ]ø- ∂-cnpw at≤y ]g-b- ßm-Sn°p kao-]-amWv amSm- b n- ° m- h v . AXyp- {Kbpw i‡n- k z- c q- ] n- Wn-bp-amWv amSmbn `K- Xr®w-_csØ XnSºv rØw - h-Xn. ISp-i¿°-c-tbm-K- Øn- e p≈ hen- ∏ - a p≈ IpWvU-ew- F-∂nh AWn-™n-cn-°pw. Xe-bn¬ atm-l-c-amb hn{K-l-amWv tZhn-bp-tS-Xv. ao- DjvWn-]oTw (X-e-∏m-hv) hbv°p-∂-Xns‚ aosX- Ønse ]qc-am-Wn-hn-SpsØ {][m D’-h-ß-fn- bmWv hn{K- l w- h- ° p- ∂ Xv . ]q°ƒsIm≠pw sem-∂v. ]qcw S-°p∂ AizXn apX-ep≈ 8 Znh- kz¿Æ-am-eIƒsIm≠pw XnSºv Ae-¶cn-®n-cn-°pw. k-°mew tZhn aln-jm-kp-c-h-[-Ønp Fgp-∂-≈p- - - mep Xmf-Øn-emWv rØw. Hcp ssIsIm≠p sh∂ k¶¬∏-Øn¬ XnS-sº-gp-∂-≈n®v Ipd®p XnSºv ]nSn-°pw. at‰-ssI ap-jvSn-ap-{Z-bmbn lrZ- sXt°m-´p-amdn tIm´ F∂ ÿesØ Hcp Xd-bn- b-ÿm--Øp-]n-Sn-°pw. B-sb-gp-∂-≈n-∏p-t]mse te°v t]mIpw AhnsS Nmenb kap-Zm-b-Øns‚ {]Z-£n-W-tØmsS rØw Ah-km-n-°pw. ]qc-°-fn-bp-≠m-hpw. tZhnsb Cd-°n-F-gp-∂-≈n®v ]qP SØn A∏w- t-Zn®v F√m-h¿°pw ¬In Xr®w-_cw t£{X-Ønse IrjvWpw _e- Ahn-sS-n∂v Xncn-sI-t]m-cpw. Ah-km--Zn-hkw cm-apw tN¿∂p≈ rØhpw IqSn-∏n-cn-bepw lrZ- amSm-bn-°m-hn¬n∂p Ipd®p ]Sn-™mdp `mKØv bmlmcn-bmb Hcp NS-ßm-Wv.-sN-dp-Xmgw t£{X- hSp- I p∂v inh- t £- { X- Ø np kao- ] - a p≈ Ønse khn-ti-jX mep XnS-ºp≈ rØ-am- Ipf- Ø n¬ ]qc- ° p- f n- ° mbn Fgp- ∂ - ≈ n- ° pw. Wv. {iocm-a≥, lp-am≥, Zp¿§, inh≥ F∂n- ]qcm- t Lm- j - Ø ns‚ G‰hpw henb NS- ß m hscbmWv Fgp-∂-≈n-°p-∂-Xv. lp-ams‚ XnS- -Wn-Xv. sº-Sp-°p-∂-bmƒ CS°v Bth-iw-I-bdn hmc tNjvS-Iƒ Im-Wn-°pw. me-©p-h¿jsØ ]cn- CS-h-am-k-Ønse Ieiw amSm-bn-°m-hnse io- e wsImt≠ Hcp √ ¿Ø- I - m- I m≥ as‰mcp D’-hmWv. C°m-eØv Ft´mfw sXø- Ign-bq. ßsf sIm´n-bmSn°p∂p. {][m--tImew Xncp- h¿°m´v `K-h-Xn-bp-tS-XmWv (am-Sm-bn-°m-hn-eΩ ˛ amSm-bn-°m-hv, a∂w-]p-d-ØvImhv Xmbv]c-tZ-h-X-sb∂pw ]d-bpw) DØ-c-a-e-_m-dnse D’hw Ieiw {][m--s∏´ Ifn-bm-´-ß-fn-sem-∂m-Wn-Xv. amSmbn°mhpw a∂w-]p-d-Øp-Imhpw DØ-c- oteizc-Ønp kao-]-ap≈ a∂w-]-d-ºp-Im- - 242 -
  • 24. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 hnepw ao-Ønse ]qc-°m-e-ØmWv {][m--s∏´ D’-h-ß-fn-sem-∂v. ]qc-Zn-hkw XnS-tº-‰nb ]ptcm- ln-X≥ ote-izcw cmP-Ip-Spw_whI Xfn-bn¬ inh-t£-{X-Øn-seØn `K-hm-s-I≠v tImhn-e-I- Øv Cd°n ]qP- I - g n™p Nnd- b n¬ ]qc- ° pfn Ign™p aS-ßp-∂p. CS-h-Ønse IeiØnv, AWn-bn-s®m-cp- °nb Iei Ipw`-߃ (a-Zyw) Xnø-k-ap-Zm-b- Øn¬s∏-´-h¿ X≠n´v Npa-en-te‰n t£{X-Ønv hew- s h- ° p- ∂ p. A∂p- X s∂ AcbkpZm- b - Øn¬s∏-´-h¿ henb a’y-ßsf X≠n¬Øq°n tZhn°p ImgvN-sh-°p-∂p. XpS¿∂v S-bn¬ `K- hXn, Imf-cm{Xn, t£{X-]m-e≥, ssI°-tfm≥ F∂o sXø-t°m-e-߃sI´nbmSp-∂p. Cu im- t‡-bIm-hp-Ifn¬ ]qP S-Øp-∂Xv ]nSm-S¿ F∂ - - hn`m-K-Øn¬s∏´ {_m“-W-cm-Wv. Ip∂-Øp¿∏mSn ]d»nn-°-Shv Xfn-∏-d-ºn¬n∂p Ing-t°m-´p-am-dn Ip∂- Øp¿]m-Sn-a-e-bn¬ Dt±iw 3000 ASn Db-c-Øn- emWv apØ-∏s‚ BcpVw k¶o¿Æ-ß-fmb NS- ßp-Iƒ°p-tijw [p 2˛v ]mSn-bn¬ D’hw Bcw-`n-°p-∂p. GXm≠v Hcp amk-°mew o≠p- ]d-»n-n-ap-Ø∏≥ sh≈m-´hpw Xncp-h∏bpw - - - n¬°p∂ Cu D’-h-Ønp e£-°-W-°n-m-fp- I-fm-sW-Øp-∂Xv. h-a[y-Øn¬ Xpd-kmbÿew. - - Xnø¿ Xs∂-bmWv ]qP. aZyhpw a’y-amw-km-Zn- AhnsS Hcp Kpl-°-IØv Hcp Xd-bn¬ Xm¬°m- Ifpw ChnsS nth-Zn-°p-∂p. enIambn sI´n-bp-≠m-°p∂ aS-∏p-c-bmWv {iotIm- hr›nIw 16-mWv {][m D’hw sImSn- hn¬. F∂pw apØ-∏s‚ tImew-sI-´n-bm-S-emWv tb‰w. A∂p Zqc-ÿ-e-ß-fn¬ n∂v hnhn[ ]cn- {][m]cn- ] mSn. cm{Xn- b n¬ h- a - ≤ y- Ø n¬ ]mSnI-tfmsS ImgvN-h-c-hp-≠m-Ipw. sh≈m-´hpw IØp∂ Nq´p-I-‰-I-fpsS shfn-®-Ønse apØ-∏- Xncp-h-∏-bpw Xs∂ ChnsS apJyw. 20-˛v sImSn- Z¿iw Hcp-`q-Xn-bm-Wv. bn-d-°w. ao-am-k-Øn¬ nc-h[n sXø-߃ ]pd- DØ-c-a-e-_m-dn¬ F√m-bn-SØpw apØ-∏m-cm- s∏-Sp∂ Ifn-bm´w D≠v. ChnsS D’-h-Øns‚ [m-bp-ambn _‘-s∏´ nc-h[n aS-∏p-cIƒ Ds≠- - - apJy B¿jWw apØ-∏s‚ tImew Xs∂-bm-Wv. ¶nepw ]d-»n-n-a-S-∏pc tIc-f-Ønse G‰hpw {]kn- P-e-£-߃ XSn-®p-Iq-Sp-∂Xv apØ-∏s‚ apºn¬ ≤-am-b t£{X-ß-fn-sem-∂m-Wv. ChnsS Znw-{]Xn Xß-fpsS ZpxJ-߃ ka¿∏n-°mpw Bizmkw ]Xn- m- b n- c - ß ƒ t£{X- Z ¿iw S- Ø p- ∂ p. tXSm-p-am-Wv. FØp-∂-h¿s°√mw kuPy `£-Whpw ¬Ip- sIm´n-bq¿ sshim-tJm-’hw ∂p. F∂pw sh≈m-´hpw Xncp-h-∏--bp-ambn apØ- ∏s‚ tImew-sI-´n-bm-Sp-∂-Xm-Wn-hn-SpsØ khn- hf-]-´Ww]pg°v hS°p≈ DØ-c-a-e-_m- ti-j-X. F√m kw{Im-¥n-Zn--ß-fnepw ºq-Xncn dnse t£t{Xm-’-h-ß-sf-∏-‰n-bmWv Cu teJ-- ]qPn-°p-∂p. a‰p Znh-kßfn¬ t£{X-DSaÿcmb - - - - - - Øn¬ {]Xn-]m-Zn-°p-∂-sX-¶nepw i_-cn-a-e-t]mse - 243 -
  • 25. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 hSn- b psS c≠- ‰ Øpw sI´n-Øq-°n-b -C-f-o-cp-I- fp- a mbn tKmhn- μ m- l cn F∂ ma- P - ] - t ØmsS FØn-t®cpw Xnø-k-ap-Zm- b- Ø n- mWv Cf- o- c m- ´ - Ønv Ah-Im-iw. P-e- £- ß ƒ ]s¶- S p- ° p∂ Hcpamk-°m-esØ sshim-tJm-’hw Ign™p NnØn-c-m-fn¬ Xncn- s ®- g p- ∂ - ≈ - t ØmsS D’-h-Ønp kam-]--am- Ipw. sIm´n-bq¿ ho≠pw ]Xn-sm∂p amk-tØ°p n»-_vZam-Ipw. C°-cs°- - - sIm´n-bq¿ sshim-tJm-’hw ´n-bq-cn¬ nXy-]q-P-bp-≠v. Xfn-∏-dºv cmP-cm-tP-iz-c t£{Xw h-a-≤y-Øn¬ ÿnXn-sN-øp-∂Xpw e£-°-W- °nv Xo¿∞m-S-I¿ h¿jw-tXmdpw kμ¿in-°p-∂- {]ikvXnsIm≠p {]mNo--X-sIm≠pw ae- Xp-amb sIm´n-bq¿ t£{X-tØbpw Ahn-SpsØ _m-dnse G‰hpw {][m-s∏´ t£{X-amb Xfn-∏- - sshim-tJm-’-h-sØbpw ]cm-a¿in-°msX Cu dºv cmP-cm-tP-izc t£{Xw. Pb-e-fn-X-bp-sSbpw teJw A]q¿Æ-am-bn-cn-°pw. 12140 slIvS¿ h- bZyq-c∏bp-sSbpw kμ¿i-w-sIm≠pw aocm-Pm-kan≥ - - v `qan Cu t£{X-Øn-p-≠m-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw h-kw- Ib-dn-bXn-s-∏‰n-bp≈ hnhm-Z߃sIm≠pw Cu - - - c-£W nb-ahpw Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dn¬n-∂p≈ IpSn- t£{Xw am[y-a-{i≤ ]nSn-®p-]-‰p-I-bp-≠m-b-t√m. tb-‰-hpw-aqew `qan GXmpw G°-sdm-gnsI jvS- {]mNo-amb s]cn-©√q¿ {Kma-Øn¬s∏-Sp∂ Cu - - s∏´ Xe-t»-cn-n∂v 64 In.-an. Ing°v h-a-≤y-Øn- t£{XØn¬ ]WvUn-X-∑m-scbpw Ihn-I-sfbpw emWv t£{Xw. sshim-tJm-’-h-Ønp am{X- Iem-Im-c∑m-scbpw ]´pw hfbpw ¬In BZ-cn-®n- - amWv Bcm-[-.-_m-h-en-∏p-g-bpsS Hcphiw h-a- cp-∂p. Chn-Sp∂p In´p∂ _lp-aXn F√m cmPm-°- ≤y-Øn¬ A°-c-sIm-´n-bqcpw Ctß-hiw C°-c- ∑mcpw AwKo- I - c n- ® n- c p- ∂ - X n- m¬ Chn- S p∂p sIm-´n-bq-cp-am-Wv. taS-Ønse hnimJw mfn¬ ¬Ip∂ hf [cn-®p-sIm≠p GXp cmP-kZ nepw - - sshim- t Jm- ’ hw Bcw- ` n- ° p- ∂ p. Z£- b mKw t]mIm-am-bn-cp-∂p. ]e IqSn-bm-´ßfpw Chn-sS-bmWv - S-∂- ÿe-am-Wn-sX-∂mWv hnizm-kw. A°-sc- Ac-t߉w Ipdn-®n-´p-≈Xv. k‘y°ptijsa me- - sIm-´n-bq-cnse Hcp a¨X-d-bn-ep≈ sNdp-Ip-gn-bn- emWv inh-enw-Kw. k¶o¿Æ-ß-fmb nc-h[n NS- º-eØn¬ kv{XoIƒ {]th-in-°mhq F∂-XmWv - ßp-Iƒ Chn-SpsØ D’-h-Øn-p-≠v. A°-c-sIm- as‰mcp khn- t i- j X ssh°w, G‰p- a m- q¿, ´n-bq-cn¬ {]th-in-®m¬ _mh-en-∏p-g°v Ig-I-°m¿ hS°pwmY≥ t£{X-ß-sf-t∏mse {][m--s∏´ Nnd-sI-´p-∂p. hnjp apX¬ {hX-sa-SpØ ]Xn-m- H∂msW-¶nepw ChnsS D’-hØnp {]m[m-y-an- - bn-c-°-W-°nv Bfp-Iƒ ]s¶-Sp-°p∂ søm-´- √. hnjphpw inh-cm-{Xn-bp-amWv {][m hnti-j- amWv BZy-N-Sßv. mb¿ kap-Zm-b-Øns‚ Ah- ߃. A∂v Hcm-∏p-dØv Fgp-∂≈n-°pw.- A-Xn- - Im-i-am-Wn-Xv. søm-´-Øn-p-tijw S-°p-∂- e[nIw B¿`m-S-߃ ]Xn-hn-√. Xr®w-_-c-Øp- C-f-o-cm-´-Øn¬ ]Xn-m-bn-c-߃ tXmf-Øp-h® n∂pw Cu c≠p-Zn-hkhpw XnS-sº-gp-∂≈n®p _me- - - 244 -