Makarajyothi 2012

Krishnanath Venkataraman
Krishnanath VenkataramanChief Operating Officer

Makarajyothi 2012, Theme based Souvenir released in connection with Annual Makaravilakku Festival of Tripunithura Thamaramkulangara Sree Dharmasastha Temple. 2012 - Theme was "Themes of Indian Music"

Makarajyothi 2012
Makarajyothi 2012
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          helg htqCÛùlãrMû
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              oìfCX kgÂxpãflVe
          pevgvõeOeã beacljcfljYgpX
               aMóaYesi vfOeã
         hËelx heCfoVaãv ùhlfYëMcav
                MXKòaùk oOevû
        aoabe YtóeOfãg©û ùlfoMhlfvglû
                helghtqCÛùlãrMû




lecjXkgä~j ùMr OqîMem£e MjCX
anekbrjõX cuehtpõX        heaÍõM bXMlfnkX
mqbª jìekjX bfYgX         akjaä akäf bfùiuX
heqbªlr uôoãevÌX          EqèùleChjX aobX
Mem£ejX ùhCcecõuX         Mem£ejX ùhCcecõuX
                          hájÔeKõaclox aãe
bfùh htpõX bfMV bÌõX      vflõX Mgíû haæÿjû
                          lmõ ùhmaÿe Yibez
bfóÛg MXaYeû ùhfãX mglX
                          Mem£e bmlf cevam
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Mem£ejX ùhCcecõuX         YtlveL moevÌe
                          mqbª Ytloãehje
                          jìjìcue yeaue
cècelXi icvX              Meam£ lgYõX vace vcû
kejgCõecôl htjflX
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mqbª bfIxv ujX aobX
                          hfle jgaùoeYfó©cû
Mem£ejX ùhCcecõuX         lX Mem£ejX DuX baÌ
                          cuessboõX oãevfOfX
DmxclxkganMVjX aobX       Dvõoe MjCX vem£f
Dmxclxßùlg bfveMvX        lVacb MjCX cc
DmxcofóØ ùhoelejX         lmxceox kejgCõ Yeabv
Mem£ejX ùhCcecõuX         jì jì cueùhaYe!
Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012




       “£b-Øn¬ n∂pw {XmWw sNøp-∂Xv” (m-i-Øn¬                            ߃ ]s¶-SpØv Xß-fpsS A`n-tj-I-Øn-¬ `K-hXv _nw_w
n∂pw c£n-°p-∂-Xv) ‘t£{Xw’ F∂ A¿∞-amWv {io i¶-cm-                          Bdm-Sp-∂Xv I≠v -sXm-gpXv kmbq-Py-a-S-bp-∂p.
Nm-cy¿ `K-hXv KoXbv°v cNn® `mjy-Øn¬ evIn-bn-´p-f-f-Xv.                           aI-c-amkw 1˛mw XobXn hen-b-hn-f°v hcpw-hn[w sImSn-
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-t£{Xw Cu A¿∞sØ                               I-bdn c≠mw-Xo-bXn Bdm-t´m-´p-IqSn kam-]n-°p∂ 6 Znh-ksØ
]q¿Æ-am-°p-∂p. Cu t£{X-Ønse tZhs Adn™v Bcm-[n-                            aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLm-j-amWv Cu t£{X-Ønse {][m D’-hw.
°p-∂-h¿°v k¿Δ- sF-iz-cy-ßfpw {Ia-Øn¬ h∂p tNcp-∂p.                          CXp- I q- S msX Nnß- a m- k - Ø n¬ nd, ]pØ- c n, hnm- b - I -
       Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c t£{X- Ø nse apJy- { ]- X njv T               N-Xp¿∞n, I∂n-am-k-Øn¬ ]qP-h-bv]v,hr›nIw, [p amk-ß-
{io [¿Ω- i m- k v X m- h n- t ‚- X m- W v . Chn- S psØ tZhs               fn¬ aWvU-e-°m-ew, ao-am-k-Øn¬ `K-hms‚ Xncp-m-fmb
N{a-h-´-Ø-∏-mbpw `‡-P--߃ Bcm-[n-®p-h-cp-∂p. he-Xp-                      ss]¶pn D{Xw, taS-am-k-Øn¬ hnjp-Zn-hkw hn-ti-jm¬ AjvS-
I- c - Ø n¬       Aar- X - I - e - i - h p- a mbn IpSn- s Im- f - f p∂     {Z-hy- K-W-]Xn tlmaw, I¿°n-S-I-Øn¬ cmam-b-W-am-km-N-cWw
{io[¿Ω-im-kvXmhv Xs‚ `‡-cpsS GX-`n-em-jhpw km[n-®p-                        F∂n-hbpw t£{X-Øn¬ hn]p-e-ambn BtLm-jn-®p-h-cp-∂p.
sIm-Sp-°p-hm≥ Xøm-dmbn Ccn-°p-I-bm-Wv. I∂n-aq-e-bn¬
KW-]Xn `K-hmpw sXs° Xncp-ap-‰Øp≈ t£{X-Øn¬                                       A©v ]Xn-‰m≠v apºv cq]o-Ir-Xamb t£{X-]cn-kchm-kn-
                                                                                                            -           - - -
`{Z- I mfn tZhnbpw `‡- P -  - ß ƒ°v Ap- { K- l - ß ƒ                     I-fpsS kwL-SbmWv Xma-cw-Ip-fßc Aø-∏tk-hm-kan-Xn. Cu
                                                                                            - -           -         -     -
¬Ip- h m-  mbn hmW- c p- f p- ∂ p. IqSmsX mK- c m- P m- h v ,           t£{X-Ønse ssZw-Zn--Im-cy-ß-fpw, D’-hm-tLm-j-ß-fpw,
{_“-c£kv F∂o D]-tZ-h∑m-tcbpw ChnsS {]Xn-jTn-°s∏´n´p≠v.
        -                    -                       v -                   n¿Ωm-W-{]-h¿Ø--ßfpw S-Øn-h-cp-∂-Xv Aø-∏- tkhm
                                                                           k-an-Xn-bm-Wv. t£{X-Øns‚ D∂-aØn-m-hiy-amb ]e n¿Ωm-W
                                                                                                        - -     -
       hnf-°p-h-bv]v, Nμw Nm¿Ø¬, ocm-RvPw, Ff-fvXn-cn,
                                                                           -{]-h¿Ø--ßfpw CXn-Iw sNbvXp-Xo¿°p-hm≥ kan-Xnbv°v
A∏w nth- Z yw, ]mbkw nthZyw XpS- ß n- b - h - b mWv
{io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-hn-p-ff apJy-h-gn-]m-Sp-Iƒ. hnti-j-Zn-h-k-ß-               km[n-®n-´p-≠v. t£{X ]p-cp-≤m-cW b⁄-Ønse memw-L´-    -
fn¬ `K-hmv ]mev, søv F∂o {Zhy-ßsf-s°m≠v {]tXyI A`n-
                                                -                          ambn Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc {io [¿ΩimkvXm-hns‚ Du´p-]p-c-bpsS
tj-I-ßfpw S-Øn-h-cp-∂p. F√m-h¿jhpw aI-c-amkw 1˛mw                         n¿ΩmWw `K-hm≥ {io [¿Ω imkvXm-hns‚ Ap-{K-lm-»n pw
XobXn (a-I-c-hn-f°v Znh-kw) cmhnse `K-hmv S-Øn-h-cp∂                     `‡-P--ß-fpsS k¿Δm-fl-m-bp≈ klmb kl-I-c-W-߃
AjvSm-`n-tj-I-ß-fn¬ (F-Æ, søv, ]m¬, tX≥, ]©m-ar-Xw,                       sIm≠pw aI-chn-f°nv ap≥]mbn ]q¿Øo-Icn®v `K-hmv ka¿∏n-
                                                                                           - -                    -
Icn-°v, `kvaw, If`w F∂o -{I-a-Øn¬) qdvI-W-°nv `‡-P--                    °p-hm≥ km[n®p F∂-Xn¬ kan-Xn°v Nmcn-Xm¿∞y-ap-≠v.
                                                                         -4-
Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012


vejeãCz Dvgpz vêtlfjfh¥eëx
hgnfãÿtq cv
hf.Z. Sjtq, lôh¥tCfègJ
SJCekgäX - 682 306
aHeQ : 0484 - 2775817




                                                         Xr∏q-Wn-Øpd
                                                              21-12-2011




            Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc {io[¿Ω-imkvXm t£{X-Ønse Cu
     h¿jsØ aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLm-j-Øn-tm-S-p-_-‘n®v “kwKo-Xw”
     F∂ hnj-b-Ønv {]mapJyw sImSp-Øp-sIm≠v “a-Ic tPymXn”
     F∂ ma-t[-b-Øn¬ kvac-WnI {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p∂p F∂v
     Adn-™-Xn¬ hf-sc-b-[nIw kt¥m-jn-°p-∂p. “a-IctPymXn”
     F√m hn`m-K-°m¿°pw hn⁄m{]Z-am-Is´ F∂pw
     {]m¿∞n-°p-∂p.

            {io]q¿Æ-{X-bo-i-s‚-bpw, Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc {io[¿Ω-im-
     kvXm-hn-s‚bpw Ap-{K-lm-in- p-Iƒ F√m-h¿°pw D≠m-Is´
     F∂pw {]m¿∞n-°p-∂p.

                         F∂v

                 ]pen-b-∂q¿ Ap-P≥ mcm-b-W≥ ºq-Xn-cn-∏mSv

                                      -5-
Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012

               THAMARAMKULANGARA AYYAPPA SEVA SAMITHY
               TASS Mandir, Thamaramkulangara, Thripunithura - 682 301, Ernakulam Dt.


                          BapJw                                             kzmantb icWaø∏...........
                                      Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc {io[¿Ω-imkvXm t£{X-Ønse aI-c-hn-f°v D’-hm-tLmj kvac-WnI ""aI-c-tPymXn'' 10-˛masØ ]Xn-
                           ∏n-tebv°v IS-°p-I-bm-Wv. t£{X-ß-tfm-S-p-_-‘n-®p≈ Imcy-߃am{Xw Dƒs°m-≈n®v (B-Nm-cm-p-jvTm--߃, t£{X-I-e-
                           Iƒ, KP-ho-c-∑m¿, tafw, D’-hm-tLm-j-߃ XpS-ßn) AXm-Xns‚ ]q¿Æ-Ku-c-h-tØm-sS-Xs∂ Ign™ HºXv ]Xn-∏p-I-fpw,
                           {io[¿Ω imkvXm-hns‚bpw {io]q¿Æ-{X-bo-is‚bpw Ap-{K-lØm-epw, `‡-PßfpsS kl-IcW߃sIm≠pw, kvXpXy¿l-
                                                                     -            -               - - -     - - -
                           amb coXn-bn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-hm≥ kan-Xnbv°v km[n-®-Xn¬ XnI™ Nmcn-Xm¿∞y-ap-≠v.
          10-˛masØ ]Xn∏v ""kwKoXw'' F∂ A]mc kmK-csØ ASp-Ø-dn-bp-hm-p≈ Ffn-b-{i-a-am-Wv.
          ""kwKo-X-a]n kmlnXyw
          kc-kzXym: kvX-Zzbw
          GIw B]m-Z-a-[pcw
          AyZv Btem-N-m-arXw'' F∂ i¶-cm-Nmcy hmIy-Øn¬ n∂pw kwKoXw F∂ alm-Xv`p-X-Øns‚ {]m[myw {Kln-°m-hp-∂-tX-bp-≈q. XymK-cm-
P-kzm-an-Iƒ, apØp-kzman Zo£n-X¿, iyma-im-kv{Xn-Iƒ, jSvIm-e-tKm-hn-μ-am-cm¿, sNssº sshZy-mY `mK-h-X¿ XpS-ßnb kwKoX km{am-´p-I-fpsS ]mZ-
kv]¿i-ta‰ ]pWy-`q-an-bn¬ hkn-°m≥ km[n®p F∂Xv Hmtcm `mc-Xo-b-s‚bpw ku`m-Ky-am-Wv. kwKoXwsIm≠v Ah¿ cNn® alm-Zv`p-X-ß-fpsS IY-Iƒ
tI´mWv mtam-tcm-cp-Øcpw hf¿∂-Xv. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ aI-c-tPym-Xn-bn-eqsS km[m-c-W-°m-cv kwKo-XsØ ASp-Ø-dn-bp-hmp≈ Rß-fpsS {iaw
Xo¿Øpw DNnXw F∂p-Xs∂ R߃ hniz-kn-°p-∂p.
          Iem-Im-c-m-hpI F∂Xv F√m-h-cmepw km[n-°p∂ H∂√. Hcp XnI™ Iem-Im-c-m-Im≥ P∑-kn-≤-amb hmk--Iƒ IqSntb Xocq. F∂m¬
Hcp √ Bkzm-Z-I-m-Ip-hm≥ km[n-°pI F∂Xpw Hcp Ie-bm-Wv. kwKo-X-sØ-°p-dn®v Adn-bp-hm≥ B{K-ln-°p-∂-sX√mw Adn-bp-hm-pw, kwKoXw
Bkz-Zn-°p-hm-p≈ Ignhp h¿≤n-∏n-°p-hmpw CØ-h-WsØ ""aI-c-tPymXn''°v km[n°pw F∂v R߃ Dd®v hniz-kn-°p-∂p. Ign™ HºXv ]Xn-∏p-
Ifpw t]mse Xs∂, Cu kvac-Wn-Ibpw Atz-jW IpXp-In-Iƒ°v Hcp ""d^-d≥kv {KŸw'' BIpw F∂-Xnv X¿°-an-√. ap≥h¿j-ß-fn-se- ]Xn-∏p-
Iƒ°v `‡¿ ¬Inb kzoI-cWw Cu h¿jhpw e`n°pw F∂v hniz-kn-°-s´.
          F´p Znhkw o≠p-n∂ {io]q¿Æ-{X-boi t£{X-Ønse hr›n-tIm-’-h-Øn-p-tijw, Xr∏q-Wn-Øp-d-bnse `‡-P--߃ BImw-£-tbmsS
ImØn-cn-°p∂ D’-h-amWv Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-hns‚ aI-c-hn-f°v BtLm-j-߃. 2012˛se aI-c-hn-f°v D’hw Pp-hcn 11-˛mw XobXn
sImSn-I-b-dn. 16-˛mw XobXn Bdm-t´m-Sp-IqSn kam-]n-°p-∂p. D’-h-°-º-°m¿°pw, taf-t{]-an-Iƒ°pw Cu h¿jsØ D’-hhpw Ahn-kva-c-Wo-b-amb
Zriy-˛-{imhy Ap-`-h-߃ krjvSn°pw F∂-Xn¬ X¿°-an-√.
          Ign™ Ime-b-f-hp-I-fn¬ Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc Aø-∏-tkhm kan-Xn-bpsS F√m {]h¿-Ø--߃°pw `‡-cpsS k¿Δm-fl-m-bp≈ kl-I-cWw
R߃°p e`n-®n-´p-≠v. {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-hns‚ Ap-{K-lw-sIm≠v Gs‰-Sp-°p∂ Hmtcm {]h¿Ø-hpw awK-f-I-c-ambn ]cy-h-km-n-∏n-°p-hm≥ C∂p-
hsc kan-Xn°v km[n-®n-´p-≠v. t£{X-]p-cp-≤m-cWhpw, {iotIm-hnepw, Np‰-ºehpw sNtºme tabm≥ km[n-®Xpw t£{X-Ønp ]Sn-™mdphi-Øp≈
                                              -       - -                    -
ÿew kz¥-am-°p-hm≥ km[n-®Xpw DZm-l-c-W-ß-fm-Wv.
          Aø-∏-tk-hm-k-anXn Gs‰-SpØ Hcp _rlXvkwcw-`-amWv Du´p-]pc n¿Ωm-Ww. n¿ΩmWw Bcw-`n-°p-hm-p≈ {iaw XpS-ßp-tºmƒ {io[¿Ω
imkvXm-hn-s‚-bpw, {io]q¿Æ-{X-bo-is‚bpw Ap-{K-lßfpw, `‡-cpsS {]m¿∞-bpw am{X-am-bn-cp∂p kan-Xn-bpsS aqe-[w. n¿Ωm-WØns‚ {]mcw-
                                          -                   - -                                               -               -
`-L´w apX¬ n¿ΩmW ]ptcm-KXn-bpsS Cu Ah-km-L´w hsc kmº-Øn-I˛km-t¶-Xn-Ißfmb Hcp Imcy-Øn-p-ap-∂nepw ]I®p n¬t°≠ Hchÿ
                                  -                         -              - -       - -
kan-Xn°v D≠m-bn-√. {io[¿Ω imkvXm-hns‚ AZr-iy-Ic߃ X°-kabßfn¬ `‡-cpsS klm-bßfpsS cq]-Øn¬ R߃°v ]n¥p-Wbpw, ss[cyhpw
                                                          - -      -- - -                 - -                                 -
¬In. 2011 Unkw-_¿ 31-˛mw Xo-b-Xn, ""Du´p]pc'' `K-hmp ka¿∏n-°p-I-bm-Wv.
          kan-Xn-bpsS {]h¿Ø-߃°v i‡n-]I¿∂v, F√m kl-IcWßfpw ¬Inb `‡¿°pw IpSpw-_mw-K߃°pw {io[¿ΩimkvXm-hns‚ Ap-{K-
                                    -               -              -- -                                 -
l-߃ n¿tem`w e`n-°s´ F∂v {]m¿∞n-°p-∂p. GsXmcp kvac-Wn-Ibp-sSbpw IcpØv AXns‚ D≈-S°amWv F∂v kan-Xn°v XnI™ t_m[y-ap-≠v. Cu
                                                                       -                         - -
kvac-Wn-Ibv°v Bh-iy-amb teJ-ßfpw, hnh-cßfpw ¬In Ap-{K-ln® Hmtcm alXvhy‡n-tbbpw Xpey-{]m-[m-y-tØm-sS, μn-tbmsS kvacn-°p-∂tXmsSm∏w.
                                      - -         -
Ah¿t°-h¿°pw {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-hns‚ Ap-{K-lØm¬ Bbq-cm-tcm-Ky-߃ e`n-°p-am-dm-Is´ F∂v Bflm¿∞-ambn {]m¿∞n-°p-∂p.
                                                        -
          ""aI-c-tPymXn'' {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-hns‚ ]mZm-c-hn-μ-ß-fn¬ `‡ym-Z-c-]q¿Δw ka¿∏n-°p-∂p......


                                                                                                       Fkv. lcn
                                                                                    sk{I-´-dn, Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc Aø∏ tkhm kanXn

                                                                  -6-
Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012

          THAMARAMKULANGARA AYYAPPA SEVA SAMITHY
          TASS Mandir, Thamaramkulangara, Thripunithura - 682 301, Ernakulam Dt.


                                    aI-c-tPym-Xn-bn-eq-sS...
                    A©p-]-Xn-‰m-≠p-I-fmbn Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc {io[¿Ω-imkvXm t£{X-Ønse nXy-
             n-Zm--ßfpw B´-hn-ti-j-ßfpw Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc Aø-∏-tkhm kanXn F∂ `‡-P
             kwL-S--bpsS Npa-X-e-bn-em-Wv S-∂p-h-cp-∂-Xv. `K-hm≥ [¿Ω-im-kvXm-hns‚ Ap-
             {K-l-Ømepw `‡-P--ß-fpsS n¿tem-`-amb klmb kl-I-c-W-ß-fmepw Cu t£{Xw
             nXy-]p-tcm-K-Xn-bn-em-sW∂v kk-t¥mjw Adn-bn-®p-sIm-≈-s´. F√m hnti-j-ßfpw
             AXn-t‚-Xmb {]m[m-y-tØm-Sp-IqSnØs∂ S-°p∂p F∂p≈ Imcyhpw F√m-h¿°pw
Adn-hp-≈-Xm-W-t√m.
       {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-hns‚ aI-c-hn-f°v atlm-’hw F√m h¿jhpw `wKn-bmbn S∂phcp-∂p.
Ign™ H≥]Xp h¿j-ß-fmbn "aI-c-tPymXn' F∂ ma-t[-b-Øn¬ Hcp kvac-Wn-Ibpw {]kn-≤o-I-cn-
°p-∂p. kmwkv°m-cn-Ihpw Iem-]-chpw t£{X-kw-_-‘n-bp-amb GsX-¶nepw Hcp hnj-b-Ønp
{]m[myw ¬In-s°m-≠mWv F√m h¿jhpw Cu kvac-WnI `‡-P ka£w ka¿∏n-°m-dp-≈-Xv.
]Ømw hm¿jn-I-amb Cu thf-bn¬ kvac-Wn-I-bv°mbn kzoI-cn-®n-´p≈ hnjbw "kwKoXw' F∂-Xm-
Wv. Ie-I-fpsS Cu‰n-√-amWv Xr∏q-Wn-Øp-d. tIc-f-Ønse G‰hpw henb Iem-t£-{X-ß-fn¬ H∂mb
B¿.-F¬.-hn. tImtf-Pp-Xs∂ Xr∏q-Wn-Øp-d-bpsS A`n-am--am-Wv. kwKoX {]Xn-`-I-fm¬ C{Xbpw Ap-
{K-lo-X-amb as‰mcp ÿehpw tIc-f-Øn-se-∂√ `mc-X-Øn¬ Xs∂-bp-t≠m F∂p kwi-bn-t°-≠n-
bn-cn-°p-∂p. Ch-cpsS FÆw AwKp-eo-]-cn-an-X-a-√m-Ø-Xn-m¬ t]sc-SpØp ]d-bm≥ km[y-hp-a-√. Cuiz-
cm-cm-[-bv°p apJy-amb LS-I-ß-fn¬ ap≥]-¥n-bn¬ n¬°p-∂Xv kwKo-X-amWv. a{¥-߃, taf-
߃, `P-, Xp≈¬, IqØv, IY-I-fn, tkm]m kwKoXw apX-emb t£{X-kw-_-‘n-bmb Ie-I-
fpsSsb√mw Poh≥ kwKo-X-am-Wv. ΩpsS tZho-tZ-h-∑m-cp-tSbpw Ejn-I-fp-tSbpw Ic-ßsf Ae-¶-cn-®n-
cn-°p∂XpXs∂ kwKo-tXm-]-I-c-W-ß-fm-Wv. Cu {]]©w Xs∂ kwKo-Xm-fl-I-am-Wv. {]`mX ]£n-
I-fpsS If-Iq-P--߃, Zn-I-fpsS Hgp°v Ch-sb√mw kwKo-X-a-b-am-Wv. kwKo-X-Øns‚ Ap-c-W--ß-
fn-s√-¶n¬ Cu {]]-©-Øn-p-t]mepw AÿnXz-an-√. inip-°ƒt]mepw Dd-ßp-∂Xv Xmcm-´ns‚ eb-am-
[p-cy-Øn-emWv.
     kwKoX {]Xn-`-I-fp-sS, Bkzm-Z-I-cp-sS, hna¿i-I-cpsS {]uV-Kw-`o-c-amb teJ--߃ ]T--߃,
hna¿i--߃ F∂n-h-bm¬ kº-∂-amb Cu kvac-WnI s]mXp-P--k-a£w `‡ym-Z-c-]q¿Δw ka¿∏n-
°p-∂p. CXn-p-th≠n Atlm-cm{Xw {]b-Xvn® kanXn {]h¿Ø-I¿, t{]m’m-lw ¬Inb Kpcp-
P--߃, CXn-te-bv°mbn hne-s∏´ teJ--߃ ¬Inb teJ-I¿, ]c-ky-ßfpw a‰pw-X∂v klm-
bn® hym]mc, hyh-kmb, ÿm]--߃, hy‡n-Iƒ, Ia-o-b-ambn A®-Sn®v IrXy-k-a-b-Øp-Xs∂
R߃°p ¬Inb "amXm {]nt‚gvkv', AXp-t]m-se-Xs∂ CXns‚ hnP-b-Øn-mbn {]h¿Øn-®n-
´p≈ F√m k÷--ß-tfmSpw kan-Xn-bpsS μnbpw IS-∏mSpw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≈p-∂p. Cu kwcw-
`-Øn-p-th≠n klm-bn-®n-´p-≈ F√m-h¿°pw tZi-m-Y-mb {io]q¿Æ-{X-bo-i-t‚-bpw, Xma-c-Ip-f-ßc
{io[¿Ω imkvXm-hn-s‚bpw Ap-{K-lm-in- p-Iƒ D≠m-Is´ F∂p {]m¿∞n-®p-sIm-≈p-∂p.


{ioltc ax
Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc {io[¿Ω-im-kvXmth icWw


                                              k¿thiv i¶¿ Fkv.
                                         I¨ho-¿, aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmjIΩn-‰n.

                                            -7-
Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012

                                     D≈-S°w
kma-th-Zhpw kwKo-Xhpw ˛ tUm. tXm´w inh-I-c≥ ºq-Xncn                             9
`mcX kwKoXw Ncn-{X-Øn-eqsS -˛ tUm. F. PeP h¿Ω                                    15
kwKoX {Xnaq¿Øn-I-fpsS ap≥Km-an-Iƒ ˛ tUm. `ph-t-izcn Pn.                         20
kwKo-X-˛-km-ln-Xy-`mhw Xpfpºn n¬°p∂ t£{X ]©-c-Xv-Ir-Xn-Iƒ˛                     25
tUm. Fkv. `mKy-e£van Fw.-F. ]n.-F-®v.-Un.
{io apØp-kzman Zo£n-X¿ IrXn-I-fnse Ap-]a kwKo-X-˛-km-lnXy ka-zb kuμcyw ˛       29
tUm. {]oXn sI.
mZ-cq-]n-Wnsb {]Xy-£-am-°nb iymam-im-kv{Xn-Iƒ ˛ tUm. aRvPp tKm]m¬               33
kzmXn kvarXn-I-fn-eq-sS ... ˛ AizXn Xncp-mƒ cma-h¿Ω                             36
It®cn [¿Ωw ˛ tUm. {ioh’≥ sP. tatm≥                                              42
h-hn[ `‡n-bpw, kwKo-Xhpw ˛ -tUm. B¿. {ioteJ                                     45
t£{X-kw-KoXw ˛ HcmapJw ˛ APnXv ºq-Xncn                                          48
kwKoXhpw kmlnXyhpw ˛ tUm hn B¿ {]t_m[N{μ≥ mb¿                                   51
tIc-f-Ønse t£{X-߃ ˛ I¿Æm-SI kwKoX Io¿Ø--ßfn¬ ˛                                 56
tUm. ANyp-Xvi-¶¿ Fkv. mb¿
kwKoXw Cuiz-c≥ ˛ Sn.-F-kv. cm[m-Ir-jvWPn                                         60
kwKo-X- kw-kvIm-c-ß-fpsS ka-z-b-ambn lnμp-ÿmn kwKoXw ˛ tUm. A{`m-ZnX _m¿Pn    63
tkm]m kwKoXw ˛ Hcp kmam-ym-h-tem-Iw ˛ tUm. eoem HmwtNcn                       67
IY-Ifn kwKo-X-Øns‚ hnImk ]cn-Wm-a-߃ ˛ cta-i≥ Xºp-cm≥                            76
a-e-bm¨a-bpsS `mh-cm-K-߃ ˛ inh-Zmkv h¿Ω                                         80
A`n-apJw :˛ ]{Xm-[n-]-k-anXn ˛
""Ka-I-h-iyX''bm¿∂ IrjvW kwKo-X-Øns‚ Fgp-]-Ø©v h¿j-߃ ˛                          83
]fl-`q-j¨ Sn.-F≥. IrjvW≥
kwKoXhpw BtcmKyhpw -˛ tUm. _n. ]pjv] IrjvW≥                                      86
kwKo-X-]-cn-]m-Sn-bn¬ i_vZ-kw-hn-[m--Øn-p≈ {]m[myw ˛ {io. An¬                88
kwKo-Xm-`ym-kw˛ C∂-se, C∂v ˛ tUm. ]fl Fkv. Xºp-cm≥                               90
P¬km L¿ - ˛ IrjvW-aq¿Øn                                                          94
efnX kwKo-X-Øn¬ n∂pw imkv{Xob kwKo-X-Øn-tebv°v ˛ Fw.-F-kv. e£van ip`            97


                                                -8-
Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012


                 kma-th-Zhpw kwKo-Xhpw
                              tUm. tXm´w inh-I-c≥ ºq-Xncn
       {_“-ap-tJm-¤p-X-amb NXp¿tΔ-Z-߃ EIv,     AXmWv tZh-X. hnizm-an-{X≥, IWz≥, hkn-jvT≥,
bPp v, kmam, Y¿Δ-W-ß-fm-W-t√m. ""{_“-n-        A{Xn, hma-tZ-h≥, Bt{Xbn, Aw-`r-W]p-{Xn-bmb
iz-knXw thZw:'' F∂m-Wv {]am-Ww. ⁄m-`-          hm°v F∂n-h¿ {]kn-≤-cmb Ejn-am-cm-Wv. Kmb-
WvUm-Km-c-ß-fmb thZ-߃ Am-Znbpw A-¥-          {Xn, XpjvWn-Iv, ApjvSp-∏v, _rl-Xn, {XjvSp-∏v,
hp-am-sW∂v n¿Æ-bn-°-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. AXn-m¬-   PKXn F∂nh Oμ p-I-fm-Ip-∂p. C{μ≥, A·n,
Øs∂ A]u-cp-tj-b-amWv thZ-߃. ⁄mw               hcp-W≥, cp{Z≥, hmbp, khn-Xmhv XpS-ßn-bh tZh-
Hcp hy‡n-bm¬ cNn-bv°-s∏-Sp-hm≥ km≤y-a√          X-I-fpsS DZm-l-c-Ww.
F∂-Xn-m¬ ap-jy-kr-jvS-a√ thZw F∂p ]d-              thZ-߃ {]Ir-Xn-tbbpw {]]-©-tØbpw
bp- ∂ - X n¬ Akmw- K Xyw H´pwX- s ∂- b n- √ .
                                                ntj-[n-°p-∂n-s√∂p am{X-a-√, AwKo-I-cn-°p-
⁄msØ ap-jy≥ Is≠-Øp-I-bmWv AYhm
                                                Ibpw {]iw-kn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p-ap-≠v. Pohn-
Z¿in-°p-I-bm-Wv sNøp-∂-Xv. AXn-m-emWv Ejn-
                                                XsØ bYm¿∞-ambn hnh-cn-°p-∂-Xn-m¬, thZw
amsc a{¥-{Z-jvSm-°ƒ F∂v hnh-£n-°p-∂Xv. Ejn
                                      -
                                                GXp Ime-Øpw, Gh¿°pw hgn-Im-´n-bmbn h¿Øn-
F∂ hm°ns‚ A¿∞w Xs∂ {Im¥- Z ¿in
                                                °p-∂p. BZn-`u-Xn-I-am-bpw, BZn-ssZ-hn-I-am-bpw,
F∂m-Wv.
                                                B≤ym- fl n- I - a mbpw a‰pw hnhn[ Xe- ß - f n¬
     F√m a{¥-߃°pw Ejn-—-tμm-˛-tZ-h-X-Iƒ        thZsØ hymJym-n-®-h-cm-Wv ΩpsS ]q¿Δ-kq-
D≠v. Ejn-am¿ Z¿in-®, km£m¬°-cn® a{¥-ß-          cn-Iƒ. i_vZ-hyp¬∏-Ønsb ASn-ÿm--am°n
sf-bmWv E°p-Iƒ F∂p-]dbp-∂Xv. a{¥-{Z-jvSmhv
                      - - -                     sscp- ‡ w, b⁄sØ ASn- ÿ m-  - a m°n
Ejn-bpw, hrØw Oμ p-am-Ip-∂p. GsXmcp tZh-        bm⁄n-Iw, Bfl-X-ØzsØ ASn-ÿm--am°n
Xsb Dt±-in-®mtWm a{¥w {]tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xv,         B≤ym-fln-Iw, CXn-lmk kw_-‘-ambn sFXn-




                ]m™m¬ {Kma-Ønse kma-th-Zn-Iƒ HØpIq-Sp∂ e£van mcm-bW t£{Xw


                                            -9-
Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012

lm-knIw F∂v mep hn[-Øn¬ A¿∞-a-dn-tb-                 I-fp-≈-XmWv kma-th-Zw F∂m-Wn-Xns‚ Xmev]-
≠-Xm-sW-∂m-Wv bmkv°-a-Xw.                             cyw. AkwJyw imJ-Iƒ D≠m-bn-cp∂p F∂p
      ΩpsS hnPvRm kmK-c-Øn¬, thZ-Øn¬                Icp-Xn-bmepw sX‰n-√. Hmtcmtcm Ejn-am-cpsS t]cp-
n∂v DXv`qX-amb AkwJyw hn`m-K-ß-fpw, Ah               I-fn¬ AXmXv imJ-Iƒ Adn-b-s∏-´p-h-cp-∂p.
hnh-cn-°p∂ Bbn-c-am-bncw {KŸ-X-√-P-ßfpw               thZsØ mem°n hn`-Pn® IrjvW-ssZz-]m-b
ΩpsS kwkv°m-csØ kº-∂-am-°p∂p. {_m“-                  al¿ln Hmtcm∂pw Hmtcm injy≥am¿°p-]-tZ-
W-߃, Bc-Wy-I-߃, D]-n-j-Øp-°ƒ, D]-                  in-®p. kma-thZw ssPan-n-°m-Wp-]tZ-in-®Xv. AXv
                                                                                      -      -
th-Z-߃, thZm-MvK-߃, Z¿i--߃, {iuX-kq-              injy-{]-injy ]c-º-c-bm¬ nc-h[n imJ-I-fmbn
{X-߃, Krly-kq-{X-߃, kvarXn-Iƒ, CXn-lmk              {]N-cn-°-s∏-´p.
]pcm-Wm-Zn-Iƒ, Imhy-m-S-Im-Zn-Iƒ XpS-ßn-b-h-bn-            {]kn-≤amb Ztim-]n-jØp-Ifn¬ Omtμm-
                                                                  -           -    -       -
ep≈ CuSp-shbv∏v as‰mcp cmjv{S-Ønpw Ah-               Kyw, tIw F∂nh kma-th-Zm-¥¿K-X-am-Ip-∂p.
Im-i-s∏-Sp-hm-n-√-X-s∂.                              Omtμm-tKym-]n-jØnse ""XXz-akn'' BWv kma-
                                                                    - -
        kwln-X, {_m“-Ww, Bc-Wy-Iw, D]-n-             th-Zo-bamb alm-Im-hyw. (O-μ ns Kmw sNøp-
                                                             -                   -
jØv F∂n-ßs Hmtcm thZhpw membn hn`-                  ∂- h ¿ Otμm- K ≥am¿. kma- t h- Z n- I sf Otμm-
Pn-°-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. Hcp ap-jys‚ {_“-N-cym-          K≥am¿ F∂v hyh-l-cn-°m-dp-≠v.)
{i- a - Ø n¬ kwln- X - b v ° pw, Km¿l- ÿ y- Ø n¬            ta¬∏-d™ aq∂v imJ-I-fn¬ ssPan-ob
{_m“-W-Øn-pw, hm-{]-ÿØn¬ Bc-Wy-I-                   imJ-bm-Wv tIc-fØn¬ S-∏n-ep≈Xv. I¿Æm-S-
Øn-pw, kym-km-{i-a-th-f-bn¬ D]-n-j-Ønpw           Iw, Xan-gvm-Sv, B{‘m-{]-tZiv F∂n-hn-S-ß-fnepw
{]m[myw KWn-bv°-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p.                      ssPan-ob kma-thZw {]Nm-c-Øneps≠¶nepw,
      D]m- k m {][m-  - a mb kma- t h- Z - Ø nv    tIc-fob {_m“-W-cmb ºq-Xn-cn-am-cpsS thtZm-
Fs¥-∂n-√mØ {]m[m-yw, tkma-bm-Km-Zn-{iuX              ®m-cW coXn AXy¥w hyXy-kvX-am-Wv. IuYp-a-
I¿Ω-ßfn¬ ¬In hcp-∂p-≠v. ""kma-bXn tZhm≥
        -                                             imJ Hdo , DØ¿{]-tZ-iv, _wKmƒ, I¿Æm-S-I,
At CXn- k ma'' F∂mWv kmb- W - a - X w.              Xan-gvmSv F∂o `mK-ß-fn-epw, cmWm-b-o-b-imJ
tZh≥amsc can-∏n-°p-∂-XmWv kmaw F∂¿∞w.                 I¿Æm-S-Iw, cmP-ÿm≥, alm-cm-jv{S, KpP-dmØv,
hm°n- t mSpw {]mW- t mSpw IqSn- t N¿∂Xv             B{‘m-{]-tZ-iv, DØ¿{]-tZiv F∂o kwÿm--
GXmtWm AXmWv kmaw F∂v _rl-Zm-cWy                      ß-fn-epw, Nne-bn-S-sØ√mw ipjv°-am-sW-¶n-epw,
tIm]-n-j-Ønepw ]d-bp-∂p-≠v. kam-iz-kn-∏n-°p-         {]Nm-c-Øn-ep-≠v.
∂Xv (Soothing), XpjvSn-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xv kma-am-Ip-              kma-th-Z-kw-ln-X-bnse a{¥-ß-fn¬, qdn¬
∂p. kmaw kmXzn-Iam-Wv. (km-ath-ZØns‚ Bizm-
                 -            -  -                    Xmsg-bp-≈h HgnsI F√mw Xs∂, EtKz-Z-Øn-ep-
k-Zm-bI kz`m-hsØ°pdn®v ]n∂o-Sv {]kvXm-hn-             ≈h Xs∂-bm-Wv. F∂m¬, sNm√p∂ coXn ˛
°p-∂p≠v.)                                             kzc-hn-[mw ˛ Gsd hyXy-kvX-am-Wv. kmam-y-
     kma-th-Z-Ønv IuYp-aw, cmWm-b-o-bw,             kz-c-Øn-ep-≈, AXm-bXv DZm-Øm-p-ZmØ kzcnX
ssPao-obw F∂o aq∂p kwln-X-Ifpw (im-J),               ]q¿Δ-I-amb EIv kwln-X-bpw, AtX a{¥-߃
XmWvUyw, Omtμm-Kyw, ssPan-obw AYhm Xe-               Xs∂ kzcn®v Kmm-fl-I-ambn sNm√p∂ Km-kw-
h-Imcw F∂v aq∂v {_m“-W-ß-fp-am-Wp-≈-Xv.               ln-Xbpw tN¿∂-XmWv kma-thZ kwln-X. C-cp-
""kl-{k-h¿flm kma-thZ:'' F∂mWv ]X--RvPen               ]- Ø n- b ©v A[ym- b - ß - f p≈ Bc- W y- I - K mw
alm-`m-jy-Øn¬ ]d-™n-cn-°p-∂Xv. Bbncw imJ-
                           -                          AYhm N{μm- k maw IqSn Dƒs∏- S p- ∂ - X mWv

                                                 - 10 -
Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012

kwln-X; a‰v `mK-߃ ]Xn-hn-s√-¶nepw N{μm-kmaw              ""EIv`n: ]mTy a`qXv KoXw
kym-km-{i-an-Ifmb kzman-bm¿amcpw sNm√m-dp-≠v.
               -                                          kma`y: ka-]-ZyX
                                                          bPq¿t`ym-`n-Ow PmXm˛
      F√m thZ-߃°pw Hmtcm D]-th-Zap-s≠∂v  -
                                                          ckm-›m-Y¿ΔW: karXm:'' F∂v kwKoX Z¿∏-
kqNn-∏n-®p-h-t√m. Km‘¿ΔthZ-amWv km-a-th-Z-
                                                          W-sa∂ {KŸ-Ønepw,
Øns‚ D]-th-Zw. AXm-bXv kwKoXw kay-°mb
KoXw AYhm Kmw BWv kwKoXw. {]]-©-                         ""kma-th-ZmZv kztcm PmX:
kw-KoXw Xs∂ Nn´-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-XmWv kma-th-Zw.                kztct`ym {Kma-kw-`hm:'' F∂v amXw-K≥ _rl-
aq∂p kma-thZ imJ-I-fnepw h®v ssPan-ob                    t±in-I-bnepw
kma- t h- Z - a mWv IqSp- X ¬ kwKo- X m- fl - I - s a∂v    ""k]vX-kz-cmkvXp Kobt¥
kmμ¿`n-I-ambn {]kvXm-hn-®p-sIm-≈-s´. kma-                 kma-`n- m-a-ssK¿∫pss[:'' F∂v amWvUpIy-
Øn¬ n∂v Pn-®-XmWv kwKoXw F∂-Xn-m¬                      inIvjbnepw ]d-b-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p.
kmaPw F∂ ]Zw kwKo-X-Øns‚ ]cym-b-ambn
                                                                CXn¬n∂v, kwKo-X-Ønse {]amW {KŸ-
D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂p.
                                                          ß-sf-√mw, kwKo-XØns‚ D¤hw kma-th-ZØn¬
                                                                          -                        -
     kma-th-Z-Øn¬ n∂mWv kwKoXw D¤-hn-                    n∂m- s W∂pw kma- t h- Z - Ø n¬ k]v X - k z- c - { ]-
®-sX-∂-Xnv ]ucm-WnI {KŸ-ß-fn¬ nc-h[n                    tbmKw Ds≠∂pw AwKo-I-cn-®n-´p-s≠∂v hy‡-
{]am-W-߃ ImWp-h≥ Ign-bpw. NneXp am{Xw                    am-W-t√m.
Xmsg tN¿°p-∂p.
                                                                 thtZm-®m-cWw {][m--ambn aq∂p hn[-Øn-
""kma-th-Zm-ZnZw KoXw                                     em-Wp-≈-Xv. B¿®n-Iw, KmYn-Iw, kman-Iw. EIv,
kwP- { Kml ]nXmalx'' F∂v im¿Mv K - t Z- h ≥               KmY, kmaw F∂n hm°p-I-fp-ambn _‘-s∏-´mWn
kwKoX cXvm-I-c-Ønepw                                     ]Z-߃ D≠m-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. B¿®nIw GI kzc-
""P{Kml ]mTy-arKvthZm¬                                    am-Wv. ΩpsS m´nse ]e BNm-cm-p-jvTm--ß-
kma-t`ym-Ko-X-tah N'' F∂v `c-X-ap-n-bpsS                 fnepw (A-ssh-Zn-I-hpw) B¿®nI coXn-bm-W-h-ew-
mSy-im-kv{X-Ønepw                                        _n- ° p- ∂ - X v . KmYn- I w, DZm- Ø m-  p- Z m- Ø - ß ƒ
                                                          tN¿∂-Xm-Wv. bPq¿tΔZ {_m“-W-߃ (Nne D]-
                                                          n-j-Øp-I-fpw) Cu k{º-Zm-b-Øn¬ sNm√n hcp-
                                                          ∂p. kman-Iam-Is´, DZm-Øw, Ap-Zm-Øw, kzcnXw
                                                                         -      -
                                                          F∂nh tN¿∂-Xm-Wv. EtKz-Zhpw bPq¿tΔ-Zhpw
                                                          DZm- Ø m- Z n- k z- c - { X- b - k - t a- X - a mWv sNm√p- ∂ - X v .
                                                          ""Dss®-cp-ZmØ:, ossN-c-p-ZmØ:......'' F∂o hn[-
                                                          Øn¬ kzc-{]-b-XvsØ sshøm-I-c-W-∑m-¿ hnh-
                                                          cn-®n-´p-≠v. hmt§-b-Im-c-∑m-cpsS coXn-bn¬, "n'
                                                          kzcw Ap-Zm-ØØn-pw, "k' kzcw DZm-ØØnpw
                                                                                   -                              -
                                                          "cn' kzcw kzcn-XØnpw kam--am-Wv. ({]-N-bw,
                                                          Iºw F∂o kzc-t`-Z-ßfpw hnc-f-ambn {]tbm-Kn-
                                                          °-s∏-Sp-∂p-≠v.)

    Xma-cIp-fßcbn¬ 2010-˛¬ S∂ kma-th-Zm¿®
         -
                                                                  kzc-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm--amw am{X-bm-Wv.

                                                     - 11 -
Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012

am{X-bn¬ hyXymkw h∂m¬ thZw sNm√p-∂Xv                       S-Øp-Ibpw {]_‘w {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-Ibpw
]ng-®-Xmbn IW-°m-°pw. icn-bmb am{X-bn¬,                    sNbvXn-´p-≠v. (The Music of Hebrews - Resemblance
kzc- Ø n¬, ho≠pw Bh¿Øn- ° - W w. sX‰n                      to Samaveda Chart)
sNm√p-∂Xv ]m]-am-sW-∂m-Wv hnizm-kw. n›nX                        mev, A©v, Bdv, Ggv kzc-ßsf D]-tbm-K-
coXn-bn¬ sNm√-W-sa∂v hn[n-bp-≠v. kzc-Øn¬                   s∏-Sp-Øn-bp≈ kwKo-XsØ-°p-dn®v hni-Zamb hnh-
                                                                              -               -
ISp-InS am‰w hcp-Øp-hm≥ sNm√p-∂-hv Ah-Im-                 c-W-߃ imkv{X-{K-Ÿ-ß-fn¬ ImWmw. kzcm-¥-
i-an-√. AXm-b-Xv, atm-[¿Ω-Ønv {]k-‡n-bn-                 cw, HuU-hw, jmU-hw, kºq¿Æw F∂n-ß-s-
s√∂v Npcp-°w.                                              bm-Wn-h-bpsS kmt¶-XnI ma-߃.
      tkma-bm-Kw, AXn-cm{Xw F∂n-h-bn¬ kma-                 ""B¿®n-tIm-Km-Yn-I-ss›h
th-Zn-I-fmb DZvKm-Xm-°ƒ kma-Kmw S-Øp-                    kman-I› kzcm-¥c:
tºmƒ, CXc thZn-I-fmb a‰v EXzn-°p-Iƒ (D-]-                  HuU-hw, jmUhw ssNh
Km-Xm-°-sf-∂mWv Chsc hn-ti-jn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv)                  kºq¿Æ-tizXn k]vXa:
]Xn-  mep am{X- b n¬ AI- º Sn ]mS- W - s a∂v              GI-kz-c-{]-tbm-tKmln
{iuX-{K-Ÿ-ß-fn¬ hn[n-bp-≠v. bmK-Ønv imem-                 B¿®nI: tkm`n-[o-btX
am-{X-bn¬ sNm√pI F∂ Hcp coXn Xs∂ hnti-                     KmYn-tIm-Zzn-kz-tcm-t⁄b:
j-am-bp-≠v. EtKz-Z-Ønse PS, cY XpS-ßnb hnIr-               {Xnkz-c-ss›h kmanI:
Xn-I-fn-epw, bPq¿tΔ-Z-Ønse sIm´v, tLmjw XpS-               NXp-kz-c-{]-tbm-tKmln
ßnb {]tbm-K-ß-fnepw, kwlnXm kzc-k-{º-Zm-                   IYn-XkvXp kzcm-¥c:''
b-Øn¬ n∂v hn`n-∂-am-bn-´m-Wv thZm-em-]-w.
{ihW kpμ-c-amb Cu {]tbm-K-߃ tIc-f-                           F∂p XpS- ß nb t«mI- ß ƒ aXw- K s‚
Øns‚ am{Xw {]tXy-I-X-bm-Wv.                                _rl-tZ-in-I-bn¬ D≈-Xm-Wv.

         DZm-Øm-Zn-kz-c-߃ tem-I-Øn¬ a‰n-S-ß-                    kcn-Ka XpS-ßnb k]vX-kz-c-߃°v aqem-
fnepw aX-]camb NS-ßp-Ifn¬ D]-tbm-Ks∏-Sp-Øn-
              - -               -            -             [m-c-amb kma-th-Z-Ønse kzc-߃°v, {IpjvSw,
h- c p- ∂ p- ≠ v . ASp- Ø n- s S, kpdn- b mn hn`m- K -    {]Y-aw, ZznXo-bw, a[y-aw, NXp¿∞w, a{μw, AXn-
Øn¬s∏-´, kwKo-X-⁄-cmb Nne {InkvXob                         kzmcyw F∂n-hbmWv ma-ß-sf∂v ssXØn-cob
]ptcm-ln-X-∑m-cpsS D’m-l-Øn¬, ""kocn'' F∂                  {]mXn-im-Jy-Ønepw hnh-cn-°p-∂p-≠v. (Xm-c-Xayw
kwL-S-bpsS Iogn¬, tIm´-bØp h®v kwKo-X-                    hyp¬{I-a-am-bn-´m-Wv thWp-m-Z-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-
hn-j-b-I-ambn Hcp skan-m¿ S-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn.               SpØn mc-Zob in£-bn¬ Cßns ]d-™n-cn-
kma-th-ZsØ {]Xn-n-[o-I-cn®v Cu teJ-Ipw                   °p-∂p˛
]s¶-Sp-°p-I-bp-≠mbn. ΩpsS thtZm-®m-c-W-                   ""b: kma-Kmmw {]Ya:
Øns‚ coXnbpambn hfsc kmay-ap≈ coXn-bn-                     kth-tWm¿a-[ya: kzc:
emWv Ah-cpsS Nne {]m¿∞--Iƒ. lo{_p,                        tbmZzn-Xob: k Km-‘mc:
em‰n≥ `mj-I-fn-ep≈ Bem-]--ß-fp-am-bp≈                     XrXo-bkvXzr j`: kvarX:
kmZr-iy-ßfpw N¿®m-hn-j-b-am-bn. lo{_p kwKo-                NXp¿∞w jUvP CXymlp:
Xhpw kma-kw-Ko-Xhpw XΩn-ep≈ KmV-amb                        ]©tam ss[htXm `th¬
kmZr-iy-sØ-°p-dn®v Bdv Zim-_vZ߃°p ap≥]p-
                                      -                    jjvtTm njmtZm hnt⁄b:
X-s∂, aZn-cm-in-bnse tUm. hn. cmL-h≥ ]Tw                  k]vXaw ]©a: kvarX:''

                                                      - 12 -
Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012
(a-K-cn-k-[-n] F∂v {Iaw)                                 {_m“W {KŸ-ß-fnepw hmZy-߃ hmbn-°p-hm≥
        GXmpw h¿j-߃°p ap≥]v I¿Æm-S-I-                   hn[n-bp-≠v. a‰n-S-ß-fn¬ Ct∏mgpw AXmXv ka-b-
Ønse {io cma-N-{μm-]pcw aTØn¬ h®v S∂                     ß-fn¬ hmZyw apg-°m-dp-≠v.
A¥m-cmjv{S kma-thZ ktΩ-f--Øn¬ ]s¶-S-                            1980 Ifn-em-sW∂p tXm∂p-∂p, _m-dkv
°p-∂-Xnpw Hcp {]_‘w Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂-                     lμp- b q- W n- t h- g v k n- ‰ n- b nse kwKo- X - i mkv { X
Xnpw Ah-kcw e`n-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. XZ-h-k-c-                 hn`mKw tae-[n-Im-cn-bm-bn-cp∂ {ioaXn cMvK-m-
Øn¬ km£m¬ tbip-Zmkpw a‰v {]K-¤cpw k`m-                    bIn Aø-¶m-cpsS D’m-l-Øn¬ kma-th-Z-˛-kw-
]- X n- I - f mbn D≠m- b n- c p- ∂ p. {]_- ‘ m- h - X -   KoX kw_-‘n-bmbn Hcp skan-m¿ S-°p-I-bp-
cWØnn- S - b n¬Øs∂ kPo- h - a m- b pw, hfsc              ≠m-bn. kma-th-Zm-em-]Ønv AI-º-Sn-bmbn
Ap-Iq-e-ambpw k¿Δ{io tbip-Zmkv CS-s]-Sp-                 GXv ]°- h m- Z y- a mWv IqSpX¬ Ap- t bmPyw
Ibpw ssPan-ob kma-Km-Øns‚ hnti-jXIƒ
                                -            - -          F∂pw a‰pw {]mtbm-Kn-I-am-bn-Øs∂ hne-bn-cp-
FSp-Øp-]-d-bp-I-bp-ap-≠m-bn. Jc-l-c-{]nb cmK-             Ø-s∏-Sp-I-bp-≠m-bn. X’-a-bØv kma-th-Zhpw
tØmSv tN¿Øphbv°m-hp-∂-tXm, kmZr-iy-ap-≈-                  kwKo-Xhpw XΩnep≈ _‘hpw Gsd N¿® sNø-
tXm, Bbn-´mWv kma-Km-sØ At±lw ncq-]n-                   s∏-´p.
®-Xv. CXn--Sn-ÿmw ta¬∏-d™ mc-Zob in£-
                                                               tZi-Ime h¿§-h¿Æ hyXym-k-߃°v D]-
bnse {]kvXm-h-am-sW∂pw Icp-Xmw. At±lw
                                                          cn-bmWv ip≤ kwKo-X-sa∂v ÿnc-s∏-Sp-Øp∂
FSp-Øp-]-d™ as‰mcp Imcyw a‰v tZiob k{º-
                                                          Hcp Ap-`hw IqSn ChnsS ]¶p-h-bv°-s´. DtZymK
Zm-b-ß-fn¬ n∂v hyXy-kvX-am-bn, ºq-Xn-cn-am-
                                                          kw_-‘-ambn Ad_n cmPy hmk-Øn-n-S-bn¬,
cpsS HmØp-sNm-√-en¬ {ipXn-bpsS A`m-h-hpw,
                                                          jnb, kp∂n hn`m-K-ß-fn¬s∏´ ap…nw ]ptcm-ln-
X¬^-e-am-bp≈ A`w-Knbpw apg®p n¬°p-∂-
                                                          X-cpsS {]m¿∞ (hm-¶p-hn-fn) ÿnc-ambn {i≤n-
Xmbn Ap-`-h-s∏-Sp∂p F∂-Xm-Wv. Xan-gvm-´nse
                                                          °m-dp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. A¤p-X-I-c-sa∂p ]d-b-s´,
IuYp-a-imJm k{º-Zm-b-amWv Jc-l-c-{]n-b-tbmSv
                                                          thZm-em-]--hp-ambn AXy¥w kmZriyw D≈-Xm-
Ap-Kp-W-am-bn-cn-°p-∂-sX∂pw {i≤m¿l-am-Wv.
                                                          bn-´mWv tXm∂n-b-Xv. (tI-c-f-Ønse hm¶p-hn-fn°v
       bmKmZn I¿Ω- ß - f n- e pw, t£{X- ß - f nse         C{Xbpw kmZriyw tXm∂m-dn-√.)
{]Xn-jvTm-Zn-ip` I¿Ω-ß-fnepw a‰pw kma-Kmw
                                                               ]uc-kvXy-am-I-s´, ]m›m-Xy-am-I-s´, ]ucm-
n¿∫-‘-am-W-t√m. It®cnIfnepw a‰pw D≈-Xp-
                                                          Wn-I-amb kwKoX[mc-Iƒ F√mw Hcp Nc-Sn¬
t]me ]°-tafw thZm-em-] ka-bØv C∂v S-
                                                          tIm¿Ø aWn-I-fm-sW∂v CXn¬ n∂v hy‡-am-
∏n-en√. F∂m¬, tkma-bm-K-Ønse AXn-hn-in-
                                                          W-t√m. as‰√m kwkv°m-c-ß-tf-°mfpw ]pcm-X-
jvS-amb cY-¥-c-kmaw (`-Imc cY-¥cw ˛ aqe-a-
                                                          hpw DØ- t am- Ø - a - h p- a mb ΩpsS km- X 
{¥-Ønse A£-c-߃°p ]Icw ` Im-c-amWv
                                                          kwkv°m-c-Øns‚ aln-abpw Kcn-abpw DØ-tcm-
sNm√p-∂-Xv. kzc-Ønpw A®npw hyXym-k-an-√.
                                                          Øcw sΩ A¤pX ]c-X-{¥-cm-°p-Ibpw sNøp-
DZm-l-c-W-Ønv ""AZvKv[m-Ch'' F∂-Xnv "" ``q-
                                                          ∂p.
`m-`n-t`....'' F∂v kzcn®v sNm√p-∂p.) sNm√p∂
ka-bØv GsX-¶nepw hn[-Øn¬ D®-Øn-ep≈                            kam- i zmk NnIn- ’ - b nepw ( Palliative ),
sIm´¬ C∂pw Ap-jvTn®p hcp-∂p-≠v. sNºntem                  kwKoX NnIn-’-bnepw (Music Therapy) kma-th-Z-
IpS-Øntem ]m´bntem BWv I≠p-h-cp-∂-Xv.                     Ønv AXn-{]-[m--amb ]¶p-h-ln-°p-hm≥ Ign-bp-
CXnv Dt]m-Zv_-e-I-ambn {iuX-{K-Ÿ-ß-fnepw                 sa-∂mWv Cu teJ-Is‚ A`n-{]m-bw. AXmXv


                                                     - 13 -
- 14 -
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   Ipdn-®n-Ømw {io[cn Bbp¿tΔ-ZnIv sk‚dnse No^v ^nkn-jy≥.
   ºq-Xn-cn-tbm-Sp-IqsS Xma-cw-Ip-f-ß-c-bn¬ kma-th-Zm¿® S-Øn-bn-´p-≠v.
   tUm. tXm´w inh-I-c≥ ºqXncn : kma-thZn, tPjvT≥ {io tXm´w IrjvW≥
                    am I›n¬ Zp:J-`m-Iv`-th¬     - ß ƒ S- Ø p- h m≥ imkv{X- ⁄ m-  n- I ƒ
                    k¿tΔ `{ZmWn ]iy¥p           sØ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-hm≥ th≠ Kth-jW ]T-
                    k¿tΔ -k¥p ncm-abm:         X¬ D]-Imc-{]-Z-am-Ip∂ coXn-bn¬ thZm-em-]-
                    k¿tΔ `h¥p kpJn:            C∂sØ B[p-nI temI-Ønv IqSp-X¬ IqSp-
kvXm-h¬''.                                      c-hm-Zy-tam, Ah--≤-hm-Zytam D]-tbm-K-s∏-SpØn
apt∂m-´p-h-cs´ F∂p {]m¿∞n-®p-sIm≠v ""hncm-a-    kma-Km--Ønv tbmPn® X{¥n-hm-Zy-tam, kpjn-
          Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012
Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012


     `mcX kwKoXw Ncn-{X-Øn-eqsS
                                  tUm. F. PeP h¿Ω
     kwKo-X-Øns‚ D¤hw {]Ir-Xn-bn¬ n∂p          bsØ "tZio' kwKoXw F∂pw hnfn-®p-t]m-∂p.
Xs∂-bm-Wv. lrZ-b-Øn-s‚bpw izmk-tIm-i-Øn-            "tZio' kwKo-X-Ønp DZm-l-c-W-ß-f-s{X.
s‚bpw {Iaw-sX-‰m-sX-bp≈ New ap-jyv Xmf-      t]¿jy≥ kzm[o-  - Ø m¬ DØ- t c- ¥ y- b n¬
t_m[w ¬In-sb-¶n¬, Infn-I-fpsS If-Iq-P--       hym]n® kwKoX k{º-Zm-bhpw Z£n-tW-¥y-
ßfpw, Zn-IfpsS If-Ifm-chhpw, h≠p-IfpsS aqf-
           -         - -            -           bnse kwKoX k{º-Zm-b-hpw.
epw, Im‰n≥ a¿Ω-c-hpw, Pohn-I-fpsS hnhn[ Xc-
Øn-ep≈ i_vZhpw tI´v Bkz-Zn®v ap-jyv                  ]pcm- X  `mc- X ob kwKo- X sØ Bdv
                                                kwKoX ]≤Xn (kv°qƒ) Ifmbn Xcw Xncn-bv°-
kwKo-Xm-kzm-Z--tijn e`n-®n-cn-°pw.
                                                s∏-´n-´p-≠v. {_“aXw, inhaXw, mcZaXw, lp-
     ]pcm-X ap-jy¿ tZh {]oXn-°p-th≠n S-      aZvaXw, `cXaXw, I√n-mYaXw F∂n-ß-s.
Øn-h∂ ]qPmZn I¿Ω-ßfpsS ]›m-ØeØn-em-
                      -            - -
                                                      F.-Un. 1˛4 q‰m-≠n-∂n-S-bn¬ hnc-Nn-X-ambn
Wv {]mIrX kwKoXw `mc-XØn¬ DSseSpØ-Xv.
                        -
                                                F∂p Icp-X-s∏-Sp∂ `cXapn-bpsS mSy-im-
      hyh-ÿm-]n-Xamb `mc-Xob kwKo-XØns‚
                   -                  -         kv{XsØ A[n-I-cn®v hf¿∂p hnI-kn® ]≤-Xn-
D¤hw IrXy-ambn n¿W-bn-°m≥ km[y-a-s√-           bs{X B[p-nI kwKo-X˛rØ k{º-Zm-bw. `cX
                                                                         --
¶nepw kwKo-X-sØ-°p-dn-®p≈ BZy {]Xn-]m-Zw       apn-bv°p-tijw 4˛7 q‰m-≠n-∂n-Sbn¬ Fgp-Xs∏´
                                                                                  -           -
thZ-ß-fn-em-Wv. ]mZ-ßsf kwKo-Xm-fl-I-ambn        aXw-K-ap-n-bpsS "_rl-±-in, 7˛11 q‰m-≠n-∂n-S-bn¬
{]tbm-Kn-®Xv EIv, kmaw F∂o thZ-ß-fn-em-Wv.      cNn® mc-Zap-n-bpsS "kwKoX aI-cμw' 11-˛14 ∂nS-
                                                             -
EtKzZ Ime-L´Øn¬ BZn kwKoXw "n' ˛ Ap-
             - -                                bn¬ kmcß tZhs‚ kwKoX cXvm-I-c-Ønv
Zm-Øw, "k' ˛ kzcn-Xw, "cn' ˛ DZmØw F∂n-         I√o-m-Y≥ ¬Inb hymJym-w, F∂o {KŸ-߃
ßs 3 kzc-ß-sf-bmWv Dƒs∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cp-∂-Xv.      `mc-Xob kwKo-X-Øns‚ hf¿®-bn¬ kp{]-[m
Ime-{I-taW CXp hnI-kn®v "K' "[' kzc-߃          ]¶p-h-ln-bv°p-∂p.
IqSn k∂n-th-in-∏n®v ˛ K cn k n k ˛ F∂n-              Ncn-{X-Im-c-∑m¿°nS-bn¬ GIm-`n-{]m-b-an-s√-
ßs 5 kzc-ß-fmbn Xo¿∂p. kma-Km Ime-L-          ¶nepw a[y-G-jy-bn¬ n∂p≈ Bcy-∑m-cpsS
´-Øn¬ n∂p XpS-ßnb Cu {]{Inb hnI-kn®v           A[n-n-th-i-Ønp apºv `mc-X-Øn¬ hyh-ÿm-
D]-n-jZv Ime-L-´-am-b-t∏m-tgbv°pw ]q¿Æ-ambn    ]n-X-amb Hcp kwKo-X-˛-rØ kwhn-[mw ne-
7 kzc-߃ "aK-cn-k-n-[]' ˛ F∂n-ßs Ah-          n-∂n-cp∂p F∂-Xnv [mcmfw sXfn-hp-Ifp-≠v. `mc-
                                                                                     -
tcm-lW {Ia-Øn¬ {]tbmKn-°-s∏-´p.                 X-Øn¬ ne-n-∂p-t]m-∂n-cp∂ AXn-{]m-No--Iem
     ]ucm-WnI Imew apX¬°p≈ Cu kwKoX             kwkvIm-csØ kzmwio-I-cn-bv°m≥ Bcy-∑m¿
]mc-º-cysØ am¿Kn kwKoXw F∂pw, Ime-              Xøm-dmbn. Aßns `mc-X-Øn-ep-S-ofw `cXapn-
Ønpw tZi-Ønpw Ap-k-cn-®v, `mc-X-Øns‚         bpsS mSy- i m- k v { Xw, aXw- K s‚ _rl- t ±- i o,
hnhn[ {]tZ- i - ß fn¬ hyXykv X coXn- b n¬       kmcß tZhs‚ kwKoX cXvm-Icw apX-emb
AXmXv kwkvImcw Dƒs°m-≠v, Xn-a-tbm-sS,          {KŸ- ß sf ASn- ÿ m-  - a m°n kwKo- X hpw
DƒXn-cn-™p-h∂ {]mtZ-inI kwKoX k{º-Zm-           rØhpw Htc kc-Wn-bn¬ hf¿∂p hnI-kn-®p.

                                           - 15 -
Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012

      ]n¬°m-eØv apKƒ cmPm-°-∑m-cpsS B{I-
a-W-hpw, t]¿jy, CuPn-]vXv, Atd_y XpS-ßnb
tZi-ß-fp-am-bp≈ kº¿°hpw nanØw hntZi
kwKo-X-Øns‚ kzm[o--Øm¬ DØ-tc-¥y-bn¬
Hcp {]tXyI kwKoX kcWn DS-se-Sp-Øp. XXv^-
e-ambn GI-tZiw 14-˛mw q‰m-t≠msS `mc-Xob
kwKoXw lnμp-ÿmo kwKo-X-sa∂pw I¿Wm-
SI kwKo-X-sa∂pw c≠p imJ-I-fmbn ]ncn-™p.
                                                       ]me-°m´v cma `mK-h-X¿ ˛ I¬∏mØn Ipw`m-`n-tjIw 1957
DØ-tc-¥y≥ kwKoXw ˛ F.-Un.
                                                   kwKo-XsØ hnap-‡-am-°n, AXnv Hcp P-Iob
       ]›n-ta-jy-bn¬ n∂pw hnhn[ Ime-ß-fn-         kz`mhw ]I¿∂p.
ep-≠mb sshtZ-inI B{I-a-W-Øn≥ ^e-ambn
                                                          10 Ym´p-Ifpw Ah-bpsS D]-hn-`m-K-ß-fmb
DØc `mc-XØn¬ cq]w {]m]n® Iem kmwkv°m-
             -
                                                   cmK-ßfp-amWv Cu kwKoX k{º-Zm-bØnv B[m-
                                                           -                          -
cnI kwtbm-Pw Fusion A.D 12-˛mw q‰m-t≠msS
                                                   cw. Imew, kabw F∂n-hsb _‘-s∏-Sp-Øn-bp≈
A∂p ne-hn-en-cp∂ `mc-Xob kwKoX kwkv°m-
                                                   cmK-ß-fpsS {]tbmKw lnμp-ÿmn kwKoX
c-Øn¬ n∂pw hn`n-∂-am-bn, Gsd khn-ti-j-X-
                                                   k{º-Zm-b-Øns‚ Hcp khn-ti-j-X-bm-Wv. {Zp]Zv
I-tfmsSbp≈ Hcp kwKoX kwkv°mcambn amdn.
                                                   Jym¬, Tpavcn F∂nh ]c-º-cm-K-X-ambn ]mSn-h-
EIv, kmaw F∂o thZ-ß-fnse {ipXn-n-_-≤-amb
                                                   cp∂ kwKoX cq]-ß-fm-Wv. I¿°-i-amb nb-a-
at{¥m-®m-c-W-ß-fn¬ n∂pw ]cn-W-an® `mc-Xob
                                                   ß-fn¬ A[n-jvTn-X-amb {Zp]Zv kwKoXw 15-˛mw
kwKo-Xw, t]¿jy≥ kwKo-X-Øn-s‚-bpw, Aao¿
                                                   q‰m-≠n¬ Kzmfn-tbm¿ `cn-®n-cp∂ am≥knßv
Ip{kp XpS-ßnb kq^n kwKo-X-⁄-cp-tS-bpw,
                                                   tXma¿ alm-cm-Pm-hns‚ ImeØv Bhn¿`-hn-®-Xm-
apKƒ N{I-h¿Øn-am-cpsS kwKoX kZ- nse
                                                   sW∂v hniz-kn-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. Aao¿ Ip{ºp-hns‚
Sm≥k≥ apX- e mb kwKo- X - ⁄ - c p- t Sbpw          Ime-ØmWv "Jym¬' kwKoXw Bcw-`n-®Xv. {]tbm-
                                                                                        -
sshjvWh kym-kn-am-cpsS Io¿Ø-ßfp-tSbpw
                                    - -            K-Øns‚ hyXymkw Ap-k-cn®v tOm´m Jym¬,
kzm[o-  - Ø m¬ cmK- ˛ - X mf n_- ≤ - a mb Hcp    _Sm-Jym¬ F∂n-ßs c≠v D]-hn-`m-K-ß-fp-≠v.
hyXykvX kwKoX ka-z-b-ambn amdn. XpS¿∂v            GXm≠v 160 sIm√-߃°p apºmWv eIvu-hn¬
DS-se-SpØ kwKoX k{º-Zm-b-amWv C∂sØ                 "Tpadn'bpsS D¤- h w. Jam- P v , ss`chn ]oep,
lnμp-ÿmn kwKo-Xw. 1900-˛mw am≠n¬ hnjvWp           _nwπmkn F∂o cmK-ß-fn¬ A[n-Ihpw Ah-X-
mcm-b-W≥ `mSv Jt≠ lnμp-ÿmn kwKo-X-               cn-∏n-bv°-s∏-Sp∂ irwKm-c-ck {][m--amb Tpa-
Øns‚ cmK k{º-Zm-bsØ hnhn[ Ym´p-I-fm°n              dnbv°v _m-d-kv, ]©m-_v, eIvu F∂o 3
({I-am-p-k-c-W-ambn hcp∂ kzc-k-aq-lw) Nn´-s∏-     ssien (L-cm-) Ifp-≠v. ]©m-_n, lnμn F∂o
Sp-Øn. AXnp ap≥]v cmK-˛-cm-KnWn hyhÿ-bm-          `mj- I ƒ Ie¿∂ mS≥ ssien- b n¬ 18- ˛ mw
bn-cp∂p D≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. `m´v Jt≠-bpsS ka-Im-       q‰m≠p apX¬ t{]a KoX-߃ ]mSn t]mcp∂
en-Ipw A‘-p-amb hnjvWp- Zn-K-º¿ ]ep-             coXn-bmWv T∏. (DZm: loc-cm-©) Tpavdn t]mep≈
kv I m¿, Xm≥ emtlm- d n¬ 1901- ˛ ¬ ÿm]n®           as‰mcp kwKoX cq]-amWv Zm{Z. Xmf-s®m-√p-Isf
Km‘¿h alm-hn-Zym-eb kwKoX ]mT-im-e-bn-eq-          Dƒs∏-SpØn Jym¬ kwKo-X-Øn¬ n∂v DƒØn-
sS, cmP-Iob sIm´m-cßfn¬ am{Xw HXpßn n∂n-
                     - -                           cn™v 14-˛mw q‰m-≠n¬ cq]m-¥-c-s∏´ as‰mcp
cp∂ hnhn[ "Lcm-I-fn¬ n∂v DØ-tc-¥y≥               kwKo-X-cq-]-as{X "Xcm'.

                                              - 16 -
Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012
Xangv kwKoX ]mc-ºcyw                                     X-Øns "]ssd' F∂pw am-knI D√m-k-Øn-
       {]mNo Imew apX¬°p Xs∂ Xangv                      mbn D]-tbm-Kn-°s∏-Sp-∂Xns "bmgv' As√-¶n¬
                                                                         -      -
m´n¬ hfsc hnImkw {]m]n® Hcp kwKoX                       "]¨' F∂n-ß-s-bm-Wv hn`-Pn-bv°-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂-
]≤Xn ne-hn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xm-bn, {InkvXp-h¿jw            Xv.
2˛mw q‰m-≠n-ep≠mbXv F∂p Icp-X-s∏-Sp∂                             7,8,9 F∂o q‰m-≠p-Isf tXhm-cw, Znhy-{]-
""Nne-∏-Xn-Imcw'' F∂ Xangv Imhy-Øn¬ n∂pw                _‘w F∂o Znhy kvtXm{X-ß-fpsS Ime-L-´-
a- n-em-°m≥ km[n-°pw. Cu ]≤-Xn°v `c-Xs‚                 ambn Icp-Xmw. Xncp-m-h-°-c-i¿, Xncp-⁄m
mSy-imkv{Xw XpS-ßnb kwkvIrX {KŸ-ß-fn¬                   kw_-v[¿, kpμ-c-aq¿Øn mb-m¿ ˛ mb≥am¿
ImWp∂ `mc-Xob kwKo-X-hp-ambn ASn-ÿm                     F∂o 3 ssih aX kymknamcmWv tXhmc
XØz-ß-fn¬ kmZr-iy-ap-s≠-¶nepw kmt¶-XnI                   kvtXm{X-߃ cNn-®-Xv. 24 hnhn[ "]¨' Ifn-em-
ma-IcWßfnepw coXn-Ifnepw hyXymkw ImWp-
       - - - -          -                                bmWv Ch-bpsS kwKoXw. AXn-{]m-No cmK-ß-
∂p. BZyw ]¥o-cm-bncw cmK-߃ D≠m-bn-cp-∂-                 fn¬ H∂mb taml--cm-K-Øns‚ {]tbmKw I≠p-
Xmbpw ]n¬°m-eØv Ah Npcpßn 103 ]¨Iƒ                       h- c p- ∂ Xv CtX ImeL´- Ø n¬ Xs∂ cNn®
(ap-Jy-cmK-߃) Bb-Xmbpw ImWp-∂p. ]nwKf                   as‰mcp ssih-aX kym-kn-bmb amWn°yhmNn-
nL-≠p....-t]m-ep≈ {]mNo {KŸ-ß-fn¬ hnh-                 I¿ cNn® "Xncp-hm-NIw' F∂ kvtXm{X-ß-fn-em-
cn-®p-Im-Wp∂ ]¨I-fn¬ A¥m-fn, hcm-Sn, ]©-                 Wv . GXm≠v CtX Ime- L - ´ - Ø n- e mWv 12
aw, [m-{in, C¥-fw, Km‘m-cw, Iuin-Iw, {ioIm-             sshjvWh kym-kn-am¿ (Bgvhm¿) mem-bncw
a-cw apX-emb {]mNo cmK-߃ A¤p-X-sa∂p                    Znhy-{]-_‘w F∂ sshjvWh kvtXm{X-߃
]d-bs´ tIc-f-Øns‚ X-Xmb IqSn-bm-´-Ønepw                 cNn®Xv. am¿Kgn amk-ß-fn¬, Xangv m´n¬ {]`m-
IY-I-fn-bnepw {]tbm-K-Øn-ep-≠v.                          X-Øn¬ ]mSn hcp∂ Cu KmßfpsS tiJ-csØ
     {]mNo Xangv kwKoX ]≤Xn "h´-∏msse'                  "Xncp-∏mssh' F∂p hnfn-bv°p-∂p. `mc-X-Ønse
F∂mWv Adn-b-s∏-´n-cp-∂-Xv. Cu k{º-Zm-b-Øn¬               hmt§b Imc-∑m¿°n-S-bnse BZy hnX F∂
12 kzc-ßsf 12 {Kl-ß-fp-ambn kwtbm-Pn-∏n-®n-cn-           ]Zhn e`n® B≠mƒ Cu sshjvW kym-kn-
bv°p-∂Xmbn ImWp-∂p. k]vXkz-c߃ jUvPw,
         -                   -   -                       am-cn¬ Dƒs∏-Sp-∂p. F.-Un. 15˛mw q‰m-≠n¬ Pohn-
cnj-`w, Km‘m-cw, a≤y-aw, ]©-aw, ss[h-Xw,                 ®n-cp∂ {]kn≤ hmt§b Imc-mWv AcpW Kncn-
njm[w ˛ kcn-K-a-]-[-n˛ {]mNo Xangv kwKoX              m-Y≥; hnhn[ Xmf k{º-Zm-b-ßsf Dƒs°m-
]≤- X n- b n¬ Ggp kzc- ß ƒ°v Ipd¬, Xp{Sw,                ≈n®v apcp-Is {]Io¿Øn®v At±lw cNn® Km-
ssI°n-ssf, Dssg, Xpfn, hnem-cn, Xmcw F∂o                 k-ap-®-b-amWv Xncp-∏p-Iƒ. 15˛mw q‰m-≠n¬ Pohn-
t]cp-Ifn-emWv Adn-bs∏-´n-cp-∂Xv F∂v 8˛mw q‰m-
       -            -          -                         ®n-cp∂ Acp-Wm-Ne Ihncmb¿, apØp-Xm-WvU-
≠n¬ cNn® "Xnhm-Icw' F∂ Xangv nL-≠p-                     h¿, amcn-ap-Øp-∏nss≈ F∂o Xangv aq¿Øn-IfmWv-
hn¬ ImWp-∂p. C∂p ne-hn-ep≈ ma-I-cW                     Xangv kwKo-X-Øns‚ a‰p D]-⁄m-Xm-°ƒ.
]≤-Xnbv°v 800 sIm√sØ ]g-°-ta-bp-≈p.                      tIcf kwKoXw
      ]gb Xangv kwKoX kwkv°m-c-Øn¬ ne-                        tIc-f-Ønp X-Xmb Hcp kwKoX ]mc-º-
n-∂n-cp∂ hnhn[ kwKoX ]≤-Xn-I-sf-°p-dn®v                 cy-apt≠m F∂ tNmZyw ]WvUn-X¿ nc-h[n
{]Xn- ] m- Z n- b v ° p∂ `mjm imkv { X- { K- Ÿ - a mWv   XhW Db¿Øn-bn-´p-≠v. kzmXn-Xn-cp-mƒ alm-
kwL-Ime L´-Ønse "sXm¬°m-∏nbw'. CXn¬                      cm-Pm-hns‚ kwKoX cN--Iƒ°p apºv tIc-f-
sXmgn¬]-c-ambn {]tbm-Kn-°-s∏-Sp∂ hmZy-kw-Ko-             Øn¬ imkv{Xob kwKoXØnv bmsXmcp ASn-

                                                    - 17 -
Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012

Ø-dbpw D≠m-bn-cp-∂ney Fs∂mcp sX‰n-≤m-c-               ]m´p ne-n-∂n-cp-∂p. `{Z-Im-fn-∏m´v, k¿∏w ]m´v,
W-t]mepw ae-bm-fn-Iƒ°n-S-bn¬ ne-n¬°p-∂p             K‘¿h≥ ]m´v F∂nh Nne DZm-l-cWw am{Xw.
F∂Xv XnI®pw tJZ-I-c-am-Wv. hmkvX-h-Øn¬                _p≤-aX ssP-aX {]`m-h-ß-fm¬ F.-Un. 4˛mw
I¿Æm- S I kwKo- X - Ø ns‚ B- h n¿`m- h - Ø np        q‰m-≠n-p-tijw t£{X-ß-fn¬ D’-hm-tLmj
ap≥]p-Xs∂ ChnsS (tI-c-f-Øn¬) hyh-ÿm-]n-               thf-bn¬ kwKo-X-Ønpw rØ-Ønpw IqSp-X¬
X-amb Hcp kwKo-X-]m-c-ºcyw ne-n-∂n-cp-∂p.           {]m[myw ssIh-∂p. ]n∂oSv `‡n {]ÿm--
tIc-f-Ønse t£{X-ß-fn¬ XnI®pw tIc-fo-b-                Øns‚ Bcw-`-tØmsS ssih sshjvWh kym-
amb hmZy-hr-μ-ß-fpsS AI-º-Sn-tbmsS ]mSp∂              kn- a m¿ tIc- f - Ø nse {][m t£{X- ß ƒ
""sIm´n-∏m-Sn-tkh'' apX-emb kwKoX coXn-Iƒ             kμ¿in-°p-Ibpw kvXpXn-Ko-X-߃ (tX-hm-cw,
[mcm- f - a mbn D≠m- b n- c p- ∂ p. t£{X- ß - f n¬    Xncp- h m- b v s am- g n) cNn- b v ° p- I bpw ]mSpIbpw
kwkvIrX mS-I-ßsf CXn hrØ-am°n Ah-X-                  sNbvXp. F.-Un. 12˛mw q‰m≠p apX¬ Pb-tZ-h-
cn-∏n-bv°p∂ IqSn-bm-´-Øn¬ "aqV≥ {ioI-WvTn,            cpsS KoXm-tKm-hnμw hnhn[ tZi-ß-fn¬ {]mtZ-
sXm≠m¿, C¥-fw, thfm-[pfn apX-emb Ccp-]-               inI kwKo-X-cq-]-ambn ]cn-W-an-®p.
tXmfw ]pcm-X {ZmhnU cmK-߃ D]-tbm-Kn-®n-
                                                           Npcp- ° - Ø n¬ Xan- g n¬ "HmSp- h m- ° ƒ',
cp- ∂ p. ]qPm ka- b - ß - f n¬ tZho tZh- ∑ msc
                                                      "tImhn¬ ]m´v' F∂ t]cn-e-dn-b-s∏-´n-cp∂ t£{X-
{]Io¿Øn®v ]mSp∂ sIm´n- ∏ mSn tkh- b n¬
                                                      ß-fn¬ ]mSn-bn-cp∂ tXhm-chpw, Bgvhm¿am¿ ]mSn-
                                                                                -
tNßn-e, Ce-Øm-fw, CSbv° F∂n-ß-s-bp≈
                                                      bn-cp∂ "Xncp-hm--bvsam-gnbpw'kwkvIrX t«mIw
XXp hmZy-ß-fp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Btcm-l-Wm-h-tcm-
                                                      ]mS¬ XymWn F∂n-h-bn-eqsS IS∂v Pb-tZ-h-
l-W-{I-a-Øn-ep≈ iwJp-hnfn H´pan° t£{X-ß-
                                                      cpsS AjvS-]-Znbpw Dƒs°m≠v tIc-f-Ønse
fnepw ]qPmZn I¿Ω-ß-fpsS Ahn-`mPy LS-I-am-
                                                      t£{X-ß-fn¬ amcm-∑m¿ CS-bv°-bpsS AI-º-Sn-
Wv. {iotIm-hn-ens‚ S-bSbv°p∂ ka-bØv Xr∏-
                          - -
                                                      tbmsS sNm√p∂ sIm´n- ∏ mSn tkh AYhm
Sn-bpsS (tkm-]m-w) hiw tN¿∂v hS-t°m´p
                                                      tkm]m kwKo-X-ambn hf¿∂p.
Xncn™p n∂v CSbv° sIm´n amcm¿ BZyw
{Xnÿm kzc-ßfpw (k,-],k) XpS¿∂v KW-]Xn                      XymWn, tXhm-cw, Xncp-hmbvsamgn F∂o
ssIbpw ]mSn-b-Xn-p-tijw {]tXyI cmK-Øn¬               imJ-I-fn¬ ImW-s∏-Sp∂ {]mNo Xangv cmK-ß-
{][m aq¿Ønsb {]Io¿Øn®v "XymWn' ]mSp-                 fmb tIZmcKuU, ]¥phcm-Sn, mY-m-a-{In,
∂p. ka-b-t`Zap-k-cn®v sNmt√≠ cmK-ß-fpsS              Imtam-Z-cn, Fcn-°ne Imtam-Z-cn XpS-ßnb cmK-
]´n-I-X-s∂-bp-≠v.                                     ßfpw Pb-tZ-h-cpsS AjvS-]-Zn-bn¬ I≠p-h-cp∂
                                                      DØ-tc-¥y≥ cmK-ß-fmb ss`c-hn, kucmjv{Sw
Dj ]qPbv°v ˛ tZim-£n, {ioIWvTn
                                                      F∂n-hbpw tIm´bw Xºp-cms‚ cma-m-´-Øn¬
]¥o-cSn ]qPbv°v ˛ ae-lcn
                                                      ka-÷-k-ambn ktΩ-fn-®n-cn-bv°p-∂Xp ImWmw.
D® ]qPbv°v ˛ Bln-cn, `q]mfw                           IqSmsX GIw, Nº, sNº-S, {Xn]p-S, AS-¥, apdn-
Zo]m-cm-[-bv°v ˛ kma¥ ae-lcn                         b-S¥ apX-emb Xmf-ß-fpsS {]tbm-Khpw ImW-
AØmg ]qPbv°v                                          s∏-Sp-∂p.
{]tZmj k‘ym-]q-Pbv°v ˛ A¥mfo F∂n-ß-                       cma-m-´-Øn¬ n∂v DƒØn-cn-™p-h∂ IY-
s.                                                   Ifn kwKo-X-Øn-se-Øp-tºmƒ `‡n-`m-h-Ønp
   Bcy≥am-cpsS A[n-n-th-i-Ønp apºp-                 ]pdsa a‰p ]e ck- ß ƒ D±o- ] n- ∏ n- b v ° m≥
Xs∂ tIc-fØnse Imhp-Ifnepw XdI-fnepw Ifw-
         -          -                                 kμ¿t`m-Nn-X-ambn cmK-ßsf k∂n-th-in-∏n-®n-cn-

                                                 - 18 -
- 19 -
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       ckjbfäTx ofbmX ùMrOqîMem£ebfvx
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      D’h Znhkßfn¬ ùMrakebfnfvgúf¬
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           ta[m-hn.
           tUm. F. PeP h¿Ω : Imen-°‰v k¿Δ-I-em-im-e-bnse kwKoX hn`mKw
AXo-X-am-Wv.                                         bn-cp-∂p.
bp- ∂ - X mhpw icn. AXv Ime tZim- Z n- I ƒ°v         Hcp kwKoX ]mc-ºcyw tIc-f-Øn¬ kº-∂-am-
mZ-Øn¬ n∂v kwKo-Xhpw ]nd-∂p F∂p ]d-                Dcp- Ø n- c n™p h∂ khn- t i- j - X - b m¿∂
Zn- b m- W v . {]]©w D¤- h n- ® - t ∏mƒ mZhpw       kwKoX kwkv°mcßfpsS Iq´m-bva-bn¬ n∂pw
]m›m-Xy-am-I-s´, efn-X-am-I-s´, kwKoXw Am-          F∂n- ß - s . CØ- c - Ø n¬ {]mtZ- i n- I - a mb
Xhpw I¿Wm-S-I-am-Is´, lnμp-ÿm-n-bm-I-s´,            F∂nh timI-Ønv, hm’-ey-Ønv oemw-_cn
{X-Ønp ]¶p-s≠∂p ImWmw. GsXmcp kwKo-                 hoc-Ønv Imtam-Z-cn, apJm-cn, ]p∂m-K-h-cmSn
tc-¥y-bn-em-Is´ kwKo-X-Øns‚ D¤-h-Øn¬ Ncn-            i¶-cm-`-cWw, I√ymWn F∂nh irwKm-c-Øn-v,
         tIc-f-Øn-em-I-s´, Xangv m´n-em-I-s´, DØ-   °p- ∂ - X mbn ImWmw. DZm- l - c - W - Ø nv
          Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012
Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012


kwKoX {Xnaq¿Øn-I-fpsS ap≥Km-an-Iƒ
                                       tUm. `ph-t-izcn Pn.
     ]e q‰m-≠p-I-fn-em-bn, ]c-º-cm-K-X-ambn        n¬°p∂ {ioIrjvW `K-hms {]Io¿Øn-°p∂
BN-cn®p hcp∂ Hcp kwKoX k{º-Zm-b-am-Wv               "{ioIrjvW kvXpXn-Iƒ' XpS-ßnbh {Xnaq¿Øn-
""I¿Æm-SI kwKoXw''. Cßs BN-cn-®p-h∂                I-fpsS ap≥Im-e-L-´-Ønse mgnI I√m-Wv.
kwKoX k{º-Zm-b-Øns‚ ]cn-Wm-a-amWv 18-˛mw
                                                          kwKoX {Xnaq¿Øn-I-fpsS ap≥]v Pohn-®n-cp-
q‰m-≠n¬ kwKoX {Xnaq¿Øn-I-fmb XymK-cm-P-
                                                    ∂-Xpw, kwKoX imJbv°v Aaqey kw`m-h--Iƒ
kzm-an, apØp-kzman Zo£n-X¿, iyma-imkv{Xn
                                                    ¬In-bn-´p-≈-h-cp-amb hmt§-b-Im-c-∑m-tcbpw, cN-
F∂n-h-cpsS BK-a-w. Cu Ime-L-´-sØ-bmWv
                                                    bn-Xm-°-tfbpw ChnsS hni-I-ew sNømw.
I¿Æm-SI kwKo-X-Øns‚ ""kph¿Æ Ime-L´w''
F∂v hnti-jn-∏n-®n-cp-∂-Xv. "I¿Æm-SI kwKoXw'             12-˛mw q‰m≠p apX¬ 17-˛mw q‰m≠p hsc-
AXns‚ AXyp-∂-X-bn-te°v FØn-t®¿∂Xpw                  bmWv Z£n-tW-¥y-bn¬ `‡n-{]-ÿmw {]Nm-c-
Cu ka-b-Øm-Wv.                                      Øn-en-cp-∂Xv. Ime-{I-a-Øn¬ C¥ybne-tßmf-an-

      kwKoX {Xnaq¿Øn-I-fpsS Ime-L-´-Ønp
ap≥]p-Xs∂ {]kn-≤-cmb ]e hmt§-b-Im-c-∑m-
cpw, cN-bn-Xm-°fpw D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Ch-cn¬ ]ecpw
Ah-cpsS hnhn[ kwKoX cq]-ß-fn¬°qSn CjvS-
tZ-h-X-Isf {]Io¿Øn-°p-I-bpw, AXn-eqsS Ah-
cpsS D≈n¬ nd- ™ n- c p∂ `‡n˛ AXm- b Xv
Pohmflm ˛ ]c-amfl _‘sØ {]Im-in-∏n-°p-
Ibpw sNbvXn-cp-∂p.
      "a[p--c`‡n'bn¬ ebn-°p∂ kwkvIrX `mj-
               -
bnse alm- I m- h y- a mb Pb- t Z- h - c psS "KoXm
tKmhnμ-w', teme a[p-c-amb sXep¶p `mj-bn¬
cNn-®n-´p≈ Xmf-∏m°w A∂-am-Nm-cy-cpsS IrXn-
Iƒ ]pc-μcZm-k-cpsS "tZh¿m-a-߃' Acp-Wm-
Ne Ihn-bp-sS "cma-m-SIw' F∂ kwKo-X-Øn¬
tIm¿Øn-W-°nb IY "cma-m-SI Io¿Ø--߃',
`{Zm-New cma-Zm-k-cpsS `‡n n¿`-c-amb Io¿Ø-
-߃, mcm-bW Xo¿∞-cpsS kwkvIrX `mj-
bn-ep≈ IrjvW-eoem Xcw-KnWn F∂ kwKoX
mS-Iw, irwKm-c-ck {][m--amb `‡n-tbm-Sp-Iq-
Sn-bp≈ t£{X-PvRcpsS sXep¶p ]Z-߃, apØp-
                       -
Xm- W v U - h - c psS Xangv ]Z- ß ƒ, DuØp- ° mSv
sh¶nS kp∫- ø - c psS ¿Ø cq]- Ø n¬

                                                - 20 -
Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012

tßmfw `‡n-bpsS ckw ]c-Øp-hm≥ `‡n-{]-                   k-‘-X-t]m-ep≈ aqey-߃. Chsb Db¿Øn-°m-
ÿmw apJy-]-¶p-h-ln-®p.                                Wn-°p-∂-h-bmWv "Xncp-∏p-Igv t«mI-ß-fpsS' D≈-
       12-˛mw q‰m-≠n¬ Hdo -bnse "Inμp-_n¬hw'          S-°w.
F∂ {Kma-Øn-emWv Pb-tZ-h¿ Pn-®-Xv. Ct±-l-                   15˛mw q‰m-≠n-emWv Xmf-∏m°w A∂-am-
Øns‚ kwKoX temI-tØ-°p≈ A-iz-c-amb                     Nmcy Xncp-∏-Xn-bn¬ Pn-®-Xv. BZn i¶-c-cpsS
kw`m-h--bmWv "KoXm-tKm-hnμw' F∂ kwKoX                 AssZzX kn≤m-¥-ßsf ]n≥Xp-S¿∂ Hcp IpSpw-
rØ-m-S-Iw. Cu Imhyw 12 k¿§-ß-fn-embn hn`-            _-Øn-emWv At±lw Pn-®-Xv. `P ]≤-Xn-bpsS
Pn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. DØa kwkvIrX `mj-bnepw Ae-              ]mc-º-cy-Ønv XpS-°-an-´Xv A∂-am-Nm-cy-cpsS
¶m-c-ß-tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bp-amWv Nn´-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂-   IrXn- I - f m- W v . Pb- t Z- h - c psS Ajv S - ] - Z n- b n¬
Xv. Chsb "AjvS-]Zn' F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. CXnse            ImWp∂ coXn-bn-ep≈ Bcm-[ ˛ Pohmfl ˛
Hmtcm Km-߃°pw 8 Nc-W-߃ D≠v. IqSmsX                  ]c-amflm `‡n-bmWv A∂-am-Nm-cy-cpsS IrXn-I-
"Pb-tZh' F∂ Ihn-ap-{Zbpw D≠v. a[p-c`‡n-bmWv
                                       - -             fpsS D≈-S-°w. Ct±-l-Øns‚ kw`m-h--Iƒ
(Po-hm-fl-˛-]-c-amfl _‘w) AjvS-]-Zn-I-fn¬ IqSn           F√mw-Xs∂ hnjvWp `K-hms {]Io¿Øn-®p-sIm-
{]I-S-am-°p-∂-Xv.                                      ≠p-≈hbm-Wv. Ct∏mƒ ne-hn-ep≈ kwKoX cq]-
                                                             - -
      14˛mw q‰m-≠nse Hcp henb inh-`-‡pw              ß-fnse ]√-hn, Ap-]-√-hn, NcWw F∂ hn`-
hmt§-bIm-cp-am-bn-cp∂p apØp-Xm-WvUh¿. t∂
        -   -                      -                   Pw A∂-am-Nm-cy-cmWv Bhn-jv°-cn-®-Xv.
sNdp-∏-Øn¬Øs∂ Ct±lw Hcp Ihn-bm-bn-cp-
∂p. Ct±lw Hcp Dƒhn-fn-bpsS {]tNm-Z--Øn¬
NnZw-_c S-cmP k∂n-[n-bn¬ sN∂p. AhnsS
sh®v BZy-IrXn ""`qtemI ssIem-k-Kncn NnZw-
_cw'' F∂ ]Zw cNn-®p. At±-l-Øns‚ hfsc
{]ikvXn tSnb as‰mcp ]Z-am-Wv ""Acp-a-cp-
s¥mcp Xn-a-cp¥v Aº-etØ It≠t''˛ (Imw-
t_mPn cmKw ˛ cq]-I-Xm-fw) F∂ IrXn. Ct±lw
Xangv ]Z-߃ cNn-°p-∂-Xn¬ A{K-K-Wymb Hcp
hmt§-b-Im-c-m-bn-cp-∂p.
      15˛mw q‰m-≠n¬ Pohn-®n-cp∂ ""Xncp-∏p-Igv
kvtXm{X-߃'' cNn®v kwKoX temI-tØ°v
Aaqey kw`m-h sNbvXn-´p≈ Hcp alm ]WvUn-
X-pw, kwKoX⁄p-am-bn-cp∂p ""Acp-W-Kn-cn-m-
Y¿''. j¨ap-Js {]Io¿Øn-®p-sIm-≠p≈ Xan-
gvIr-Xn-Iƒ, Akm-[m-cW Xmf-ß-fn-emWv Nn´-s∏-
Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. hnhn[ hrØ-ß-fn¬ IrXn-
Iƒ cNn-°p-hm-p≈ ]mWvUnXyw IW-°m°n
Ct±-l-Ønv "Nμ-∏m-h-e-s]-cp-am≥' F∂ _lp-a-
Xnbpw sImSp- Ø n- ´ p- ≠ v . ssZhoI Bcm- [ -
bv°pap]-cn-bm-Wv oXn-ymb hyh-ÿ, kXy-

                                                  - 21 -
Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012
       15˛mw q‰m-≠n-emWv ]pc-μcZm-kcpsS BK-
                                       -        Ign-hp-≠m-bn-cp∂p t£{X-⁄¿°v. At±lw ]Z-
a-  w. Ct±lw I¿Æm- S I kwÿm-  - Ø nse         ß-fn¬ D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cn-°p∂ cmK-ß-fmb ˛ ss`c-
"]μ¿]q¿' F∂ {Kma-Øn-emWv Pn-®Xv. Ct±lw
                                     -          hn, I√ym-Wn, Imwt_m-Pn, tXmSn, kmth-cn, i¶-
hymk-cm-bcpsS injy-m-bn-cp-∂p. Ct±lw I∂S
             -                                  cm-`-c-Ww, _nelcn F∂o {][m cmK-ß-fn-epw,
`mj-bn-epw, kwkvIr-XØnepw [mcmfw IrXn-Iƒ
                       -                        IqSmsX A]q¿Δ-cm-K-ß-fmb ssk‘-ho, JWvU
cNn-®n-´p-≠v. I¿Æm-SI kwKo-XØns‚ ASn-ÿm-
                               -                XpS- ß n- b - h - b nepw ]Z- ß ƒ cNn- ® n- ´ p- ≠ v.
-amb kcfn hcn-»Iƒ, [m´p-hcn-»Iƒ, PWvU
                     -           - -            Imwt_mPn At±-l-Øns‚ {]nb-s∏´ cmK-am-bn-
hcn-»-Iƒ XpS-ßnb ]mTy-]-≤Xn Ct±-l-amWv          cp-∂p. timIw, `‡n, irwKm-cw, B-μw, ]p—w,
Bhn-jv°cn-®Xv. AXn-m¬ Ct±lw ""I¿Æm-SI
            - -                                 hntZz-jw, Akq-b apX-emb hnIm-c-ßsf Ah-
kwKoX ]nXm-al≥'' F∂ t]cn¬ Adn-bs∏-Sp∂p.  -      bpsS ]mc-ay-X-bn-epw, hyXkvX coXn-bnepw ]Z-
                                                ß-fn¬°qSn {]I-S-am-°n-bn-´p-≠v. t£{X-⁄-cpsS
       17˛mw q‰m-≠n¬ Pohn-®n-cp∂ Hcp henb
                                                ]Z-߃ rØm-`n--b-Ønv DØ-a-am-b-h-bm-Wv.
hmt§-bIm-cmWv t£{X-⁄¿. Ct±lw Bv{[m-
         -   -
                                                AXn--p-tbm-Py-amb {Xn]pS Xmf-Øn-emWv an°-
{]-tZ-inse "aqh-]pcn' F∂ {Kma-Øn-emWv Pn-
                                                ]-Z-ßfpw Nn´-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≈-Xv. Ct±lw X©m-
®-Xv. sXep¶p ]Z-Øns‚ ]nXm-a-lm-mWv t£{X-
                                                hq- c nse hnP- b - c m- L - h -  m- b Iv cmPm- h ns
⁄¿. a[p-c-`-‡n-bm-Wv t£{X-⁄-cpsS ]Z-ß-
                                                {]Io¿Øn-®p-sIm≠v A©p ]Z-߃ cNn-®n-´p-
fpsS kmcmw-iw. efn-X-amb sXep-¶v-˛-kw-kvIrX
                                                ≠v. Ahsb "hnP-b-cm-L-h-]-©-cXvw' F∂-t]-
`mj-bn¬ cNn-®hbmWv t£{X-⁄]Z߃. Pohn-
                - -             - - -
                                                cn¬ Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂p.
X-Øn¬ hcp∂ F√m kμ¿`-߃°pw Ap-tbm-
Py-amb ]Z-߃ cNn-°p-hm-p≈ Akm-am-y-amb              17˛mw q‰m-≠n¬ X©m-hq-cn¬ Pohn-®n-cp∂
                                                {iom-cm-bW Xo¿∞¿ ˛ ""IrjvW eoem-X-cw-
                                                KnWn'' F∂ kwKoX mS-I-Øns‚ D]-⁄m-Xm-
                                                hm-Wv. hfsc sNdp-∏-Øn¬ Xs∂ kwKo-X-Øn-
                                                epw, rØ-Ønepw ss]pWyw tSn-bn-cp-∂p.
                                                Ct±-lsØ Pb-tZ-h-cpsS Hcp ]p¿P-∑-am-sW∂p
                                                ]d-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. {ioIr-jvW-eo-em-X-cw-KnWn 12
                                                k¿§-ßfmbn Xcw-Xn-cn-®n-´p-≠v. CXn¬ 147 Io¿Ø-
                                                         -
                                                -ß-fpw, 267 t«mI-ß-fpw, 39 KZy-ßfpw AS-ßn-
                                                bn-´p-≠v. {ioaXv `mK-h-XsØ kwKoX cq]-Øn¬
                                                tIm¿Øn-W°n kwKoX rØ-cq-]-ambn Nn´-s∏-
                                                Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. CXn¬ `K-hm≥ {ioIr-jvWs‚ P-
                                                w, _me-eo-e hntmZw XpSßn cp‹nWn kzbw-
                                                hcw hsc o≠p-n¬°p-∂-h-bm-Wv Cu kam-lm-
                                                cw. Ct±-l-Øns‚ IrXn-Iƒ Ip®n-∏pSn rØ-Øn-
                                                epw, `mK-hXtaf mS-Ißfnepw D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂p.
                                                            - -        - -
                                                       17˛mw q‰m-≠n¬ Pohn-®n-cp∂ as‰mcp alm-
                                                `-‡pw kwKo-X-⁄-p-amWv {io`-{Zm-New cma-
                                                Zm-kv. Ct±lw B{‘m-{]-tZ-in¬ sKm¬s°m-≠-


                                           - 22 -
Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012
                                                     kwkvIr-X-Ønepw sXep-¶nepw ]Z-߃ cNn-®n-
                                                     ´p-≠v. Ct±lw qdn¬]cw ]Z-߃ cNn-®n-´p-≠v.
                                                     {ioIr-jvW-`-K-hms {]Io¿Øn-°p-∂-h-bmWv
                                                     an°-]-Z-ß-fpw.
                                                           18˛mw q‰m-≠n¬, {Xnaq¿Øn-Iƒ°p ap≥]v
                                                     Pohn-®n-cp∂ Hcp Xangv cN-bn-Xm-hm-bn-cp∂p {ioam-
                                                     cn-apØp]nss≈. NnZw-_cØn-SpØv "Xnss√-hn-
                                                     SwKw' F∂ {Kma-Øn-emWv Pn-®-Xv. Ct±lw Hcp
                                                     ssih-`-‡-m-bn-cp-∂p. t∂ sNdp-∏-Øn¬ Xs∂
                                                     Io¿Ø--߃ cNn-°p-hm-p≈ Ignhv In´n-bn-cp-
                                                     ∂p. Ct±-l-Øns‚ kw`m-h--I-fn¬ "]p-en-bq¿
                                                     shº' F∂ {]_‘w Xangv m´n¬ {]kn-≤n-
                                                     bm¿÷n® H∂mWv.
                                                          18˛mw q‰m-≠n¬ "Acp-Wm-Ne Ihn-cm-b¿'
                                                     X©m-hq¿ Pn√-bnse "Xnss√-bSn' F∂ {Kma-
                                                     Øn¬ Pn-®p. Ct±lw Xangv Ihn-bmb Iº-cpsS
                                                     Iº-cm-am-b-W-Øn¬ {]mhoWyw tSn-bn-cp-∂p.
                                                     Iº-cm-am-b-W-Øns‚ s]mcpƒ Dƒs°m-≈n-®p-
                                                     sIm≠v cNn®XmWv "cma-m-SI Io¿Ø--߃'.
                                                     taml cmK-Øn-ep≈ G≥ ]≈n sIm≠o-cø
                                                     F∂ IrXn hfsc {]kn-≤-amb H∂mWv. Ct±-l-
bn- e mWv Pn- ® - X v . Ct±lw I_o¿Zm- k ns‚
                                                     Ønv kzX-kn-≤-amb Ihn-Xm-hm-k--bp-≠m-bn-cp-
{][m injy-pw, kwKo-XØns‚ imkv{Xob hi-
                           -
                                                     ∂p. "cma-m-SIw' IqSmsX io¿lmgn tImssh,
߃ a- n-em-°n-b-Xv, I_o¿ Zmk-cpsS ]°¬
                                                     io¿lm-gn-ÿe ]pcm-Ww, lp-am¿]nss≈ XpS-
n∂p-amWv F∂mWv ]d-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. Ct±lw Hcp
                                                     ßnbh a‰p kw`m-h--I-fm-Wv. "cma-m-SIw' km[m-
XnI™ {iocm-a-`-‡-m-bn-cp-∂p. XmcI at{¥m-
]-tZiw I_o¿ Zmkv ¬In-bn-´p-≠v F∂pw Icp-             cW°m¿°v a- n-em-°m≥ DX-Ip∂ coXn-bn¬
X-s∏-Sp-∂p. Ct±lw sXep-¶n¬ [mcmfw IrXn-              hfsc efn-X-amb Xangv `mj-bn¬ cNn-®n-´p-≈-Xp-
Iƒ cNn-®n-´p-≠v. Ct±-l-Øns‚ {]kn≤ IrXn-I-            sIm≠v hfsc {]Nmcw tSn.
fmWv "F∂-Km-p-cm-a-`-P' ]¥p-h-cm-fn-cm-Kw-˛-cq-          18˛mw q‰m-≠n¬ X©m-hq-cn¬ Pohn-®n-cp∂
]-IXm-fw, ]ep-t°-_w-Kmc ˛ B-μss`-chn cmKw,
    -                           -                    kwKo-X-⁄-pw, hmt§-b-Im-cpw Hcp sshWnI
BZn Xmfw, Ga-ø-cma ˛ Imwt_mPn cmKw ˛                 hnZzm-p-am-bn-cp∂p {io ]®n-an-cnbw BZn-b-∏-ø.
JWvU-Nm∏p Xmfw XpS-ßn-b-h.                           kwKoX {Xnaq¿Øn-I-fn¬ iymam imkv{Xn-bpsS
      apØp- X m- W v U - h - t c- t ∏mse ]Zw F∂      Kpcp-hp-am-bn-cp-∂p. kp{]-kn-≤-amb "hncn-t_mWn'
kwKoX cq]-Øn¬ {]mhoWyw tSn-bn-cp∂ 17˛mw             ˛ ss`chn AS-Xmf h¿Æ-Øns‚ D]-⁄m-Xm-
q‰m-≠n¬ B{‘m-tZ-iØv Pohn-®n-cp∂ Hcp cN-             hmWv. Ct±-l-Ønv Xmm-h¿Æ-am¿§-Z¿in F∂
bn-Xm-hm-bn-cp∂p {io kmcw-K-]m-Wn. Ct±lw             _lp-a-Xnbpw In´n-bn-´p-≠v.

                                                - 23 -
Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012
       Xangv m´nse Xncp-hnssi s√q-cn¬ 18˛mw       cpsS ]nXm-hm-Wv. Xan-gvm-´nse Im©o-]p-c-Øn--
q‰m-≠n¬ Pohn-®n-cp∂ Hcp kym-knbpw Ihn-            Sp- Ø p≈ hncn- © n- ] pcw F∂ {Kma- Ø n- e mWv
bp-am-bn-cp∂p {io kZm-inh {_t“-μ¿ kwkvIrX           Ct±lw Pn-®-Xv. {iocm-a-kzman Zo£n-X-cpsS
`mj-bn¬ [mcmfw Io¿Ø--߃ cNn-®n-´p-≠v.              kwKoX temI-tØ-°p≈ hne-a-Xn-bv°m-m-hmØ
Ah-bn¬ "amk k©-ctc' ˛ iyma-cm-Kw, "]n_-            kw`m-h--bmWv 108 "cmK-Xmf amenI' (A-jvtSm-
tc-cm-a-ckw' ˛ Bln¿ ss`c-hn, k¿Δw {_“-              Øc iX- c m- K - a m- e nI) lwk- ≤ zn cmKtØ
abw ˛ a[p-h-¥n, `Ptc tKm]mew ˛ lntμmfw              kwKoX temI-tØbv°v ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øn-bXp
F∂o Io¿Ø--߃ {]kn≤n tSn-b-h-bm-Wv.                Ct±-l-am-Wv.
Ct±lw IrXn-I-fn-eqsS thZm-¥w, XtØzm-]-tZiw                cma-kzman Zo£n-X-cpsS ka-Im-en-I-m-bn-
F∂n-hbv°v {]m[myw ¬In-bn-´p-≠v.                   cp∂p {io s]±e Kpcp-aq¿Øn imkv{Xn. Ct±lw
     XymK-cm-P-kzm-an, kzmXn-Xn-cp-mƒ alm-cm-      Xan-gvm-´n¬ Xncp-∂¬th-en-bn¬ Pn-®p. Ct±lw
Pmhv XpS-ßn-bhtc Xs‚ IrXn-IƒsIm≠v kzm[o-
             -                                      KoXw F∂ kwKoX cq]-Øns‚ ]nXm-al≥ F∂p-
n® Hcp cN-bn-Xm-hm-bn-cp∂p am¿§-Z¿in tij-          ]d-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. 1000 KoX-߃ cNn-®n-´p≈ s]±e
ø-¶m¿. Ct±-l-Øns‚ kwkvIrX `mj-bn-ep≈                Kpcp-aq¿Øn imkv{Xnbv°v "shbn-KoX' s]±e Kpcp
]mWvUnXyw ]n≥ImeL´-Øn¬ h∂ ]e-tcbpw                  aq¿Øn-imkv{Xn F∂ _lp-aXn ¬In-bn-´p-≠v.
BI¿jn-®n-´p-≠v.                                            kwKoX {Xnaq¿Øn-I-fpsS Ime-L-´-Ønp
      DuØp-°mSv sh¶nS kp∫-b¿ X©m-hq¿                ap≥]p≈ kwKo-XsØ hne-bn-cp-Øm-pw, Xmc-X-
Pn√-bn¬ 18˛mw q‰m-≠n¬ Pohn-®n-cp-∂p. At±lw         ay- s ∏- S p- Ø p- h mpw {]bm- k - a mWv . Imc- W w,
{ioIrjvW `K-hms‚ XnI™ `‡-m-bn-cp-∂p.               A∂sØ kml-N-cy-Øn¬, bYm¿-∞-Øn¬ cNn-
GI- t Ziw 400 Io¿Ø-  - ß - f pw, 9 hm- h - c W    ®n- c p∂ kwKoX]mTw, kzc- s ∏- S p- Ø n- t bm,
Io¿Ø--ßfpw Ct±lw cNn-®n-´p-≠v. lnμp-a-X-           kq£nt®m sh®n-cp-∂n√m. IqSmsX A∂sØ
Ønse H´pan° tZho tZh-∑m-sc-°p-dn®p IrXn-            kwKo-X-]-Tw I¿Æ ]c-ºc- hgn-bm-bn-cp-∂p.
Iƒ cNn-®n-´p-≠v. "¿Ø--cq-]-Øn¬' n¬°p∂            kwKoX kwkv°m-c-tØ-bpw, aqey-tØbpw ne-
{ioIrjvW `K-hm-s-°p-dn-®p≈ IrXn-IfmWv `qcn-
                                     -              n¿Øn-bn-cp-∂-Xp-Xs∂ C{Xbpw _e-amb I¿Æ
`mKhpw. Cu Io¿Ø--ß-fn¬ an°-Xnepw PXn-˛-            ]c-º-c-bp-≈Xp sIm≠p-X-s∂-bmWv F∂-Xn¬
sim¬s°´v F∂nh ImWm-hp-∂Xm-Wv. rØ-Øn-
                               -                    bmsXmcp kwi-b-a-hp-an-√.
-p-tbm-Py-amb hn[-Øn-emWv DuØp-°m-Sns‚                  CXp-hsc hni-I-ew sNbvX-Xn¬ n∂pw
IrXn-I¬ `qcn-`m-K-hpw.                              {Xnaq¿Øn-I-fpsS ap≥Im-e-L-´-Ønse kw`m-h--
     18˛mw q‰m-≠n¬ Pohn-®n-cp∂ Hcp alm-kw-         Iƒ I¿Æm-SI kwKo-X-Øns‚ ASn-Ød ]mIp-
Ko-X-⁄-pw, hmt§-b-Im-c-p-am-bn-cp∂p {iocm-a-      hm≥ n¿Æm-bI ]¶p-h-ln-®n-´p-≠v F∂v a- n-
kzman Zo£n-X¿. Ct±lw apØp-kzman Zo£n-X-             em-°mw.



                  tUm. Pn. `ph-t-izcn : Fd-Wm-Ipfw alm-cm-Pmkv tImtfPnse kwKoX hn`mKw
                  ta[m-hn. kwKo-X-⁄.




                                               - 24 -
Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012


   kwKo-X-˛-km-ln-Xy-`mhw Xpfpºn
n¬°p∂ t£{X ]©-c-Xv-Ir-Xn-Iƒ
                         tUm. Fkv. `mKy-e£van Fw.-F. ]n.-F-®v.-Un.
       `mc-Xob kwKo-X-Øn¬ kmln-Xy-k-_p-jvS-       cn°pw. Htc Bi- b - t Øtbm, tZh- X - t b- t bm,
X, kwKo-X-ta∑, sshhn-[y-X, hyXy-kvXX `‡n-         t£{X-sØ-tbm, ÿe-sØtbm Bkv]-Z-am°n
k-º-∂X F∂n khn-tij KpW-ß-fm¬ thdn´p               cNn-®n-´p≈ IrXn ]c-º-c-I-fmWv IrXn-k-ap-®-bw,
n¬°p∂ cN--I-fmWv                                                     IrXn kam-lm-cw, kap-
XymK- c mP IrXn- I ƒ.                                                  Zmb IrXn- I ƒ F∂n
km[m-c-W-°m¿°v {Kln-                                                   t]cp-I-fn¬ Adn-b-s∏-Sp-
°mpw Bkz- Z n- ° mpw                                                 ∂-Xv. Chsb ]©-c-Xvw,
X° coXn-bn¬ efn-X-ß-                                                   ]©- e nwK ÿe IrXn-
fm- b n- ´ p≈ XymK- c mP                                               Iƒ, h-{Kl IrXn-Iƒ,
IrXn- I ƒ A- i z- c - ß -                                             h-cm{Xn Io¿Ø--߃,
fmbn {]tim- ` n- ° p∂                                                  hm- h - c W Io¿Ø-  -
cXv-ß-fmWv! njv°m-a-                                                 ߃, h- h n[ `‡n
`-‡n°v DØ-tam-Zm-lcW- - -                                              Io¿Ø-߃, tjmU-i-K-
ß- f mWv Ct±- l - Ø ns‚                                                W-]-Xn-Ir-Xn-Iƒ, D’-h-
H´pan° cN-  - I - f pw.                                               k-{º-Zmb Io¿Ø--߃,
"kwKo- X - Ø n- e qsS `K-                                              D’- h - { ]- _ ‘w F∂n-
hZvkm£m-Xv°mcw' F∂                                                     ßs hn`-Pn-I-cn-®n-´p-≠v.
Bibw ^e- h - Ø m- I pw-                                                t£{X- I r- X n- I ƒ F∂v
hn[w t{ijv T - ß - f mWv                                               hnti-jn-∏n-°-s∏´ IrXn
mtZm-]m-k-I-pw, BNm-                                                 ]c-º-c-bn¬ A©p IrXn-
cy-p-amb XymK-cm-P-kzm-an-                                            Iƒ hoXw Dƒs∏- S p∂
Iƒ cNn® kwKoX IrXn-                                                    ]©-cXv IrXn-I-fmWv
Iƒ.                                                                    Gsd {]i- k v X - a m- b - X v .
      "IrXn-kap-®b߃'
                - - -                                                  XymK-cmP kzman-Iƒ cNn-
F∂ Bibw {]mh¿Øn-                                                       ®n- ´ p≈ L- c mK ]©-
I-am-Ip-∂-Xv kwKo-X-{Xn-                                               cXv IrXn- I ƒ m´,
aq¿Øn-I-fpsS BK-a--tØm-sS-bm-Wv. IrXn-]-c-º-     Kuf, Bc- ` n, hcmfn {io F∂o cmK- ß - f n-
c, IrXn-irw-Je, Io¿Ø ]c-º-c, t£{X-Ir-Xn-         ep≈hbm-Wv. IqSmsX Xncp-shm-‰n-bq¿ tKmhq¿,
Iƒ F∂n-ßs hyXy-kvX- m-a-ß-fn¬ cNn-°-            em¬Kp-Un, {iocwKw Xncp-h-øm¿, F∂n-hn-S-ß-
s∏-´n-´p≈ IrXn-k-ap-®-b-߃ ]c-º-c-bm-bpw,         fnse t£{Xw tZh-X-Isf {]Io¿Øn®v A©p
hyXykvX IrXn-I-fmbpw It®-cn-I-fn¬ ÿmw            IrXn-Iƒ Dƒs∏´ ]©-cXv IrXn ]c-º-c-Ifpw
]nSn-®n-´p-≠v. IrXn-I-fpsS Iq´w, kaq-lw, Nß-e,    D≠v.
kap-®bw Fs∂√mw hnti-jn-∏n-°m-hp∂ cN--                 `mc- X ob XXz- i m- k v { Xhpw, ]pcm- t W- X n-
I-fpsS FÆw 5,7,9,11,13,16 F∂ {Ia-Øn-em-bn-        lm- k - ß - f pw, kwJym- i m- k v { X- h p- a -  p- k - c n®v

                                             - 25 -
Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012

3,5,7,9,11,13,15,16 F∂n-h-bvs°√mw Gsd {]m[m-y-        "]©-Kayw' F∂t{X t]cv. ]m¬, ssXcv, søv,
ap-≠v. kwkvIr-X-Øn¬ "A©v' F∂ kwJybv°v                  tKmaq-{Xw, tKmabw F∂nh Dƒs∏-´-Xm-Wv.
]©w, ]©Iw F∂v kw⁄ ¬In-bn-cn-°p-∂p.
                                                           Ch IqSmsX ]©-]-{Xw, ]©-]-£n, ]©-
ss^hv, ]m©v, A©v, AbvZp F∂n-ßs hnhn[
                                                       `-£yw, ]©-enw-K-߃, ]©-a-lm-i-_vZ-߃,
`mj-I-fn¬ Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. `mc-Xob BNm-c-ß-
                                                       F∂n-ßs "A©v' F∂ kwJy-ambn _‘-s∏´v
fnepw aX-]-c-amb NS-ßp-I-fnepw "A©v' F∂
                                                       [mcmfw hkvXp-°ƒ D≠v.
kwJybv°v kap-∂-X-ÿmw ¬In ImWp-∂p.
                                                              kwKo-X-Øn-em-Is´ A©p-Xcw Xmf-s®m-√p-
    "]©-IrXy' F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp∂ A©v LS-I-
                                                       Isf mK-_‘w, kzXn-Iw, Ae-·w, ip≤w, ka-
߃ Dƒs∏-´-XmWv ΩpsS `qa-WvU-ew. krjvSn,
                                                       Im- e nIw F∂n- ß s Xncn- ® n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. Ch
ÿnXn, ebw, Xntcm-`-hw, Ap-{Klw F∂nh
                                                       A©pw ]c-a-in-hs‚ A©p apJ-߃ ˛ ktZym-
Dƒs∏´ "]©-IrX-Xy-ßsf A©v ssII-fn-embn
Dƒs°m-≈n-®n-´p≈ `K-hm≥ hnm-b-I≥ "sF¶-                 Pm- X w, hma- t Zhw, AtLm- c w, XXv ] p- c p- j w,
c≥' F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂Xpw CXp-sIm-≠m-W-t{X.               Cuimw F∂n- h - b n¬ n∂v DS- s e- S p- Ø - X m-
                                                       sW∂v hniz- k n- ° - s ∏- S p- ∂ p. ]©- h m- Z y- Ø n¬
     ap- j ys‚ {][m icn- c m- h - b - h - ß - f n¬   iwJv, sImºv, Xnan-e, a±-fw, CSbv° XpS-ßnb
{][m--s∏´ ]t©-{μn-b-߃ IÆv, ImXv, aq°v,               A©p-hm-Zy-߃ tN¿∂-Xm-Wv. t£{X-hm-Zy-ß-
m°v, Xz°v F∂n-h-bm-Wv. Z¿i-w, {ih-Ww,                fn¬ {][m XX-hm-Zy-at{X ]©-ap-J-hm-Zyw. C{]-
{LmWw, cpNn- ° ¬, kv ] ¿iw XpS- ß nb                  Imcw `mc-Xob kwKoX imkv{X-{]-Imcw "A©v'
{]h¿Ø--ß-fp-ambn _‘-s∏-´n-´p-≈-h-bm-Wv.               F∂ kwJym-kw-⁄°v Gsd {]m[m-y-ap-≈-
⁄mt-{μn-b-߃ F∂pw Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂p.                     Xmbn ImWmw. ]©-K-Xn, ]©-Pm-Xn, ]©-a-kz-
      temI-X-Xzhpw ap-jy-X-Xzhpw ]©-`q-X-ß-           cw, HuU-h-cm-K-߃ F∂n-h-bn-se√mw A©ns‚
fn-e-[n-jvTn-X-am-bn-´mWv I≠p-h-cp-∂-Xv. ]rYzn,        {]m[myw {]I-S-am-Wv. t£{X-IrXn F∂ Bi-
A]p, tXbp, hmbp, BImiw F∂n-ßs A©p-                    b-Ønv cq]w ¬In-bXv jmPn alm-cmPmhmsW-
`q-Xßfn-e[n-jvTn-Xam-bn-´mWv kI-eNcm-Ncßfpw
    - - -            -            - -   - -            ¶nepw t£{X-IrXn kap®b cN-bn-Xm-°fn¬ kap-  -
ne-sIm-≈p-∂-Xv.                                       ∂-X-am-bn-´p-≈Xv XymK-cm-P-kzm-an-Ifpw, apØp-kzm-
    a{¥-im-kv{X-Ønv B[m-c-am-bn-´p≈ _nPm-             an-Zo-£n-Xcpw BWv. XymK-cm-Pkzm-an-Iƒ Xncp-shm-
                                                                                         -
£-c-߃ Hmw, sFw, {low, ¢nw, kuw F∂n-                   ´n-bq¿, tImhq¿, {iocwKw em¬Kp-Un, Xncp-h-øm¿
ßs A©m- W v . tZh- X - I sf {]Io¿Øn- ° p-             F∂n-hn-S-ß-fnse t£{X-߃ kμ¿in-®-t∏mƒ
tºmƒ _oPm-£-c-ß-fpsS {]tbmKw {][m--am-                Ahn- S psØ tZh- X - I - s fbpw t£{X- t Øbpw
Wv.                                                    {]Io¿Øn®v IrXn-]-c-º-c-Iƒ cNn-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn.
                                                       Ch-bmWv t£{X-]-©-cXv IrXn-I-fmbn {]Npc
        Ima-tZ-hs‚ hn√n¬ A©p-_m-W-ß-fmWv
                                                       {]Nmcw tSn-b-Xv.
sXmSpØp hnSm-dp-≈X.v Aw_nIm `K-hXnsb ]©-
                   -             -
_m-tW-izcn F∂t{X hnti-jn-∏n-°m-dp-≈Xv. Ac-
                                     -                 Xncp-høm¿ ]©-cXvw
                                                             -
hn-μw, Atim-Iw, NpXw, h-a√n-I, otem-Xv]ew
                          -                                   X©m- h q- c npw, Xncp- h - ø m- d npw at≤y
F∂n-ßs A©p-Xcw ]pjv]ßfmWv ]©_m-
                            - -                        ÿnXn-sN-øp∂ A©v Bdp-Iƒ (-Zn-Iƒ) Imth-
W-ßfmbn Ima-tZ-h≥ sXmSp-Øp-hn-Sp-∂Xv.
      -                            -                   cn, Ac-i-em¿, shÆm¿, hS-bm¿, IpS-ap-cp´n F∂o
     ]©-bm-X ]qP-bn¬ inh≥, hnjvWp,                    A©p Bdp-Iƒ°v a[y-Øn-embn ÿnXn sNøp∂
kqcy≥, KW-]-Xn, tZhn XpSßn A©p-tZ-h-X-I-               "Xncp-hbm¿' XymK-cmP kzman-IfpsS kam[n ÿe-
                                                              -                        -
sf-bmWv ]qPn-°p-∂-Xv. ]qP-Iƒ°pw A`n-tj-I-              ambn {]kn-≤n-bm¿÷n-®n-´p-≠v. ]©--Zo-iz-c≥,
Ønpw D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ A©p hkvXp-°ƒ°v                     {]W-Xm¿Yn-l-c≥ F∂nßs Adn-b-s∏-Sp∂

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Makarajyothi 2012

  • 3. ùMr uaj vcû helg htqCÛùlãrMû becX heoX ùhmejõ ùMflogjfl ujX oìfCX kgÂxpãflVe pevgvõeOeã beacljcfljYgpX aMóaYesi vfOeã hËelx heCfoVaãv ùhlfYëMcav MXKòaùk oOevû aoabe YtóeOfãg©û ùlfoMhlfvglû helghtqCÛùlãrMû lecjXkgä~j ùMr OqîMem£e MjCX anekbrjõX cuehtpõX heaÍõM bXMlfnkX mqbª jìekjX bfYgX akjaä akäf bfùiuX heqbªlr uôoãevÌX EqèùleChjX aobX Mem£ejX ùhCcecõuX Mem£ejX ùhCcecõuX hájÔeKõaclox aãe bfùh htpõX bfMV bÌõX vflõX Mgíû haæÿjû lmõ ùhmaÿe Yibez bfóÛg MXaYeû ùhfãX mglX Mem£e bmlf cevam ìfùh ùhmeovfjlX Mem£ejX ùhCcecõuX YtlveL moevÌe mqbª Ytloãehje jìjìcue yeaue cècelXi icvX Meam£ lgYõX vace vcû kejgCõecôl htjflX ãmõ OvVéjfq cele mqbª bfIxv ujX aobX hfle jgaùoeYfó©cû Mem£ejX ùhCcecõuX lX Mem£ejX DuX baÌ cuessboõX oãevfOfX DmxclxkganMVjX aobX Dvõoe MjCX vem£f Dmxclxßùlg bfveMvX lVacb MjCX cc DmxcofóØ ùhoelejX lmxceox kejgCõ Yeabv Mem£ejX ùhCcecõuX jì jì cueùhaYe!
  • 4. Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012 “£b-Øn¬ n∂pw {XmWw sNøp-∂Xv” (m-i-Øn¬ ߃ ]s¶-SpØv Xß-fpsS A`n-tj-I-Øn-¬ `K-hXv _nw_w n∂pw c£n-°p-∂-Xv) ‘t£{Xw’ F∂ A¿∞-amWv {io i¶-cm- Bdm-Sp-∂Xv I≠v -sXm-gpXv kmbq-Py-a-S-bp-∂p. Nm-cy¿ `K-hXv KoXbv°v cNn® `mjy-Øn¬ evIn-bn-´p-f-f-Xv. aI-c-amkw 1˛mw XobXn hen-b-hn-f°v hcpw-hn[w sImSn- Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-t£{Xw Cu A¿∞sØ I-bdn c≠mw-Xo-bXn Bdm-t´m-´p-IqSn kam-]n-°p∂ 6 Znh-ksØ ]q¿Æ-am-°p-∂p. Cu t£{X-Ønse tZhs Adn™v Bcm-[n- aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLm-j-amWv Cu t£{X-Ønse {][m D’-hw. °p-∂-h¿°v k¿Δ- sF-iz-cy-ßfpw {Ia-Øn¬ h∂p tNcp-∂p. CXp- I q- S msX Nnß- a m- k - Ø n¬ nd, ]pØ- c n, hnm- b - I - Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c t£{X- Ø nse apJy- { ]- X njv T N-Xp¿∞n, I∂n-am-k-Øn¬ ]qP-h-bv]v,hr›nIw, [p amk-ß- {io [¿Ω- i m- k v X m- h n- t ‚- X m- W v . Chn- S psØ tZhs fn¬ aWvU-e-°m-ew, ao-am-k-Øn¬ `K-hms‚ Xncp-m-fmb N{a-h-´-Ø-∏-mbpw `‡-P--߃ Bcm-[n-®p-h-cp-∂p. he-Xp- ss]¶pn D{Xw, taS-am-k-Øn¬ hnjp-Zn-hkw hn-ti-jm¬ AjvS- I- c - Ø n¬ Aar- X - I - e - i - h p- a mbn IpSn- s Im- f - f p∂ {Z-hy- K-W-]Xn tlmaw, I¿°n-S-I-Øn¬ cmam-b-W-am-km-N-cWw {io[¿Ω-im-kvXmhv Xs‚ `‡-cpsS GX-`n-em-jhpw km[n-®p- F∂n-hbpw t£{X-Øn¬ hn]p-e-ambn BtLm-jn-®p-h-cp-∂p. sIm-Sp-°p-hm≥ Xøm-dmbn Ccn-°p-I-bm-Wv. I∂n-aq-e-bn¬ KW-]Xn `K-hmpw sXs° Xncp-ap-‰Øp≈ t£{X-Øn¬ A©v ]Xn-‰m≠v apºv cq]o-Ir-Xamb t£{X-]cn-kchm-kn- - - - - `{Z- I mfn tZhnbpw `‡- P - - ß ƒ°v Ap- { K- l - ß ƒ I-fpsS kwL-SbmWv Xma-cw-Ip-fßc Aø-∏tk-hm-kan-Xn. Cu - - - - - ¬Ip- h m- mbn hmW- c p- f p- ∂ p. IqSmsX mK- c m- P m- h v , t£{X-Ønse ssZw-Zn--Im-cy-ß-fpw, D’-hm-tLm-j-ß-fpw, {_“-c£kv F∂o D]-tZ-h∑m-tcbpw ChnsS {]Xn-jTn-°s∏´n´p≠v. - - v - n¿Ωm-W-{]-h¿Ø--ßfpw S-Øn-h-cp-∂-Xv Aø-∏- tkhm k-an-Xn-bm-Wv. t£{X-Øns‚ D∂-aØn-m-hiy-amb ]e n¿Ωm-W - - - hnf-°p-h-bv]v, Nμw Nm¿Ø¬, ocm-RvPw, Ff-fvXn-cn, -{]-h¿Ø--ßfpw CXn-Iw sNbvXp-Xo¿°p-hm≥ kan-Xnbv°v A∏w nth- Z yw, ]mbkw nthZyw XpS- ß n- b - h - b mWv {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-hn-p-ff apJy-h-gn-]m-Sp-Iƒ. hnti-j-Zn-h-k-ß- km[n-®n-´p-≠v. t£{X ]p-cp-≤m-cW b⁄-Ønse memw-L´- - fn¬ `K-hmv ]mev, søv F∂o {Zhy-ßsf-s°m≠v {]tXyI A`n- - ambn Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc {io [¿ΩimkvXm-hns‚ Du´p-]p-c-bpsS tj-I-ßfpw S-Øn-h-cp-∂p. F√m-h¿jhpw aI-c-amkw 1˛mw n¿ΩmWw `K-hm≥ {io [¿Ω imkvXm-hns‚ Ap-{K-lm-»n pw XobXn (a-I-c-hn-f°v Znh-kw) cmhnse `K-hmv S-Øn-h-cp∂ `‡-P--ß-fpsS k¿Δm-fl-m-bp≈ klmb kl-I-c-W-߃ AjvSm-`n-tj-I-ß-fn¬ (F-Æ, søv, ]m¬, tX≥, ]©m-ar-Xw, sIm≠pw aI-chn-f°nv ap≥]mbn ]q¿Øo-Icn®v `K-hmv ka¿∏n- - - - Icn-°v, `kvaw, If`w F∂o -{I-a-Øn¬) qdvI-W-°nv `‡-P-- °p-hm≥ km[n®p F∂-Xn¬ kan-Xn°v Nmcn-Xm¿∞y-ap-≠v. -4-
  • 5. Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012 vejeãCz Dvgpz vêtlfjfh¥eëx hgnfãÿtq cv hf.Z. Sjtq, lôh¥tCfègJ SJCekgäX - 682 306 aHeQ : 0484 - 2775817 Xr∏q-Wn-Øpd 21-12-2011 Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc {io[¿Ω-imkvXm t£{X-Ønse Cu h¿jsØ aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLm-j-Øn-tm-S-p-_-‘n®v “kwKo-Xw” F∂ hnj-b-Ønv {]mapJyw sImSp-Øp-sIm≠v “a-Ic tPymXn” F∂ ma-t[-b-Øn¬ kvac-WnI {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p∂p F∂v Adn-™-Xn¬ hf-sc-b-[nIw kt¥m-jn-°p-∂p. “a-IctPymXn” F√m hn`m-K-°m¿°pw hn⁄m{]Z-am-Is´ F∂pw {]m¿∞n-°p-∂p. {io]q¿Æ-{X-bo-i-s‚-bpw, Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc {io[¿Ω-im- kvXm-hn-s‚bpw Ap-{K-lm-in- p-Iƒ F√m-h¿°pw D≠m-Is´ F∂pw {]m¿∞n-°p-∂p. F∂v ]pen-b-∂q¿ Ap-P≥ mcm-b-W≥ ºq-Xn-cn-∏mSv -5-
  • 6. Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012 THAMARAMKULANGARA AYYAPPA SEVA SAMITHY TASS Mandir, Thamaramkulangara, Thripunithura - 682 301, Ernakulam Dt. BapJw kzmantb icWaø∏........... Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc {io[¿Ω-imkvXm t£{X-Ønse aI-c-hn-f°v D’-hm-tLmj kvac-WnI ""aI-c-tPymXn'' 10-˛masØ ]Xn- ∏n-tebv°v IS-°p-I-bm-Wv. t£{X-ß-tfm-S-p-_-‘n-®p≈ Imcy-߃am{Xw Dƒs°m-≈n®v (B-Nm-cm-p-jvTm--߃, t£{X-I-e- Iƒ, KP-ho-c-∑m¿, tafw, D’-hm-tLm-j-߃ XpS-ßn) AXm-Xns‚ ]q¿Æ-Ku-c-h-tØm-sS-Xs∂ Ign™ HºXv ]Xn-∏p-I-fpw, {io[¿Ω imkvXm-hns‚bpw {io]q¿Æ-{X-bo-is‚bpw Ap-{K-lØm-epw, `‡-PßfpsS kl-IcW߃sIm≠pw, kvXpXy¿l- - - - - - - - - amb coXn-bn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-hm≥ kan-Xnbv°v km[n-®-Xn¬ XnI™ Nmcn-Xm¿∞y-ap-≠v. 10-˛masØ ]Xn∏v ""kwKoXw'' F∂ A]mc kmK-csØ ASp-Ø-dn-bp-hm-p≈ Ffn-b-{i-a-am-Wv. ""kwKo-X-a]n kmlnXyw kc-kzXym: kvX-Zzbw GIw B]m-Z-a-[pcw AyZv Btem-N-m-arXw'' F∂ i¶-cm-Nmcy hmIy-Øn¬ n∂pw kwKoXw F∂ alm-Xv`p-X-Øns‚ {]m[myw {Kln-°m-hp-∂-tX-bp-≈q. XymK-cm- P-kzm-an-Iƒ, apØp-kzman Zo£n-X¿, iyma-im-kv{Xn-Iƒ, jSvIm-e-tKm-hn-μ-am-cm¿, sNssº sshZy-mY `mK-h-X¿ XpS-ßnb kwKoX km{am-´p-I-fpsS ]mZ- kv]¿i-ta‰ ]pWy-`q-an-bn¬ hkn-°m≥ km[n®p F∂Xv Hmtcm `mc-Xo-b-s‚bpw ku`m-Ky-am-Wv. kwKoXwsIm≠v Ah¿ cNn® alm-Zv`p-X-ß-fpsS IY-Iƒ tI´mWv mtam-tcm-cp-Øcpw hf¿∂-Xv. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ aI-c-tPym-Xn-bn-eqsS km[m-c-W-°m-cv kwKo-XsØ ASp-Ø-dn-bp-hmp≈ Rß-fpsS {iaw Xo¿Øpw DNnXw F∂p-Xs∂ R߃ hniz-kn-°p-∂p. Iem-Im-c-m-hpI F∂Xv F√m-h-cmepw km[n-°p∂ H∂√. Hcp XnI™ Iem-Im-c-m-Im≥ P∑-kn-≤-amb hmk--Iƒ IqSntb Xocq. F∂m¬ Hcp √ Bkzm-Z-I-m-Ip-hm≥ km[n-°pI F∂Xpw Hcp Ie-bm-Wv. kwKo-X-sØ-°p-dn®v Adn-bp-hm≥ B{K-ln-°p-∂-sX√mw Adn-bp-hm-pw, kwKoXw Bkz-Zn-°p-hm-p≈ Ignhp h¿≤n-∏n-°p-hmpw CØ-h-WsØ ""aI-c-tPymXn''°v km[n°pw F∂v R߃ Dd®v hniz-kn-°p-∂p. Ign™ HºXv ]Xn-∏p- Ifpw t]mse Xs∂, Cu kvac-Wn-Ibpw Atz-jW IpXp-In-Iƒ°v Hcp ""d^-d≥kv {KŸw'' BIpw F∂-Xnv X¿°-an-√. ap≥h¿j-ß-fn-se- ]Xn-∏p- Iƒ°v `‡¿ ¬Inb kzoI-cWw Cu h¿jhpw e`n°pw F∂v hniz-kn-°-s´. F´p Znhkw o≠p-n∂ {io]q¿Æ-{X-boi t£{X-Ønse hr›n-tIm-’-h-Øn-p-tijw, Xr∏q-Wn-Øp-d-bnse `‡-P--߃ BImw-£-tbmsS ImØn-cn-°p∂ D’-h-amWv Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-hns‚ aI-c-hn-f°v BtLm-j-߃. 2012˛se aI-c-hn-f°v D’hw Pp-hcn 11-˛mw XobXn sImSn-I-b-dn. 16-˛mw XobXn Bdm-t´m-Sp-IqSn kam-]n-°p-∂p. D’-h-°-º-°m¿°pw, taf-t{]-an-Iƒ°pw Cu h¿jsØ D’-hhpw Ahn-kva-c-Wo-b-amb Zriy-˛-{imhy Ap-`-h-߃ krjvSn°pw F∂-Xn¬ X¿°-an-√. Ign™ Ime-b-f-hp-I-fn¬ Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc Aø-∏-tkhm kan-Xn-bpsS F√m {]h¿-Ø--߃°pw `‡-cpsS k¿Δm-fl-m-bp≈ kl-I-cWw R߃°p e`n-®n-´p-≠v. {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-hns‚ Ap-{K-lw-sIm≠v Gs‰-Sp-°p∂ Hmtcm {]h¿Ø-hpw awK-f-I-c-ambn ]cy-h-km-n-∏n-°p-hm≥ C∂p- hsc kan-Xn°v km[n-®n-´p-≠v. t£{X-]p-cp-≤m-cWhpw, {iotIm-hnepw, Np‰-ºehpw sNtºme tabm≥ km[n-®Xpw t£{X-Ønp ]Sn-™mdphi-Øp≈ - - - - ÿew kz¥-am-°p-hm≥ km[n-®Xpw DZm-l-c-W-ß-fm-Wv. Aø-∏-tk-hm-k-anXn Gs‰-SpØ Hcp _rlXvkwcw-`-amWv Du´p-]pc n¿Ωm-Ww. n¿ΩmWw Bcw-`n-°p-hm-p≈ {iaw XpS-ßp-tºmƒ {io[¿Ω imkvXm-hn-s‚-bpw, {io]q¿Æ-{X-bo-is‚bpw Ap-{K-lßfpw, `‡-cpsS {]m¿∞-bpw am{X-am-bn-cp∂p kan-Xn-bpsS aqe-[w. n¿Ωm-WØns‚ {]mcw- - - - - - `-L´w apX¬ n¿ΩmW ]ptcm-KXn-bpsS Cu Ah-km-L´w hsc kmº-Øn-I˛km-t¶-Xn-Ißfmb Hcp Imcy-Øn-p-ap-∂nepw ]I®p n¬t°≠ Hchÿ - - - - - - kan-Xn°v D≠m-bn-√. {io[¿Ω imkvXm-hns‚ AZr-iy-Ic߃ X°-kabßfn¬ `‡-cpsS klm-bßfpsS cq]-Øn¬ R߃°v ]n¥p-Wbpw, ss[cyhpw - - -- - - - - - ¬In. 2011 Unkw-_¿ 31-˛mw Xo-b-Xn, ""Du´p]pc'' `K-hmp ka¿∏n-°p-I-bm-Wv. kan-Xn-bpsS {]h¿Ø-߃°v i‡n-]I¿∂v, F√m kl-IcWßfpw ¬Inb `‡¿°pw IpSpw-_mw-K߃°pw {io[¿ΩimkvXm-hns‚ Ap-{K- - - -- - - l-߃ n¿tem`w e`n-°s´ F∂v {]m¿∞n-°p-∂p. GsXmcp kvac-Wn-Ibp-sSbpw IcpØv AXns‚ D≈-S°amWv F∂v kan-Xn°v XnI™ t_m[y-ap-≠v. Cu - - - kvac-Wn-Ibv°v Bh-iy-amb teJ-ßfpw, hnh-cßfpw ¬In Ap-{K-ln® Hmtcm alXvhy‡n-tbbpw Xpey-{]m-[m-y-tØm-sS, μn-tbmsS kvacn-°p-∂tXmsSm∏w. - - - Ah¿t°-h¿°pw {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-hns‚ Ap-{K-lØm¬ Bbq-cm-tcm-Ky-߃ e`n-°p-am-dm-Is´ F∂v Bflm¿∞-ambn {]m¿∞n-°p-∂p. - ""aI-c-tPymXn'' {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-hns‚ ]mZm-c-hn-μ-ß-fn¬ `‡ym-Z-c-]q¿Δw ka¿∏n-°p-∂p...... Fkv. lcn sk{I-´-dn, Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc Aø∏ tkhm kanXn -6-
  • 7. Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012 THAMARAMKULANGARA AYYAPPA SEVA SAMITHY TASS Mandir, Thamaramkulangara, Thripunithura - 682 301, Ernakulam Dt. aI-c-tPym-Xn-bn-eq-sS... A©p-]-Xn-‰m-≠p-I-fmbn Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc {io[¿Ω-imkvXm t£{X-Ønse nXy- n-Zm--ßfpw B´-hn-ti-j-ßfpw Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc Aø-∏-tkhm kanXn F∂ `‡-P kwL-S--bpsS Npa-X-e-bn-em-Wv S-∂p-h-cp-∂-Xv. `K-hm≥ [¿Ω-im-kvXm-hns‚ Ap- {K-l-Ømepw `‡-P--ß-fpsS n¿tem-`-amb klmb kl-I-c-W-ß-fmepw Cu t£{Xw nXy-]p-tcm-K-Xn-bn-em-sW∂v kk-t¥mjw Adn-bn-®p-sIm-≈-s´. F√m hnti-j-ßfpw AXn-t‚-Xmb {]m[m-y-tØm-Sp-IqSnØs∂ S-°p∂p F∂p≈ Imcyhpw F√m-h¿°pw Adn-hp-≈-Xm-W-t√m. {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-hns‚ aI-c-hn-f°v atlm-’hw F√m h¿jhpw `wKn-bmbn S∂phcp-∂p. Ign™ H≥]Xp h¿j-ß-fmbn "aI-c-tPymXn' F∂ ma-t[-b-Øn¬ Hcp kvac-Wn-Ibpw {]kn-≤o-I-cn- °p-∂p. kmwkv°m-cn-Ihpw Iem-]-chpw t£{X-kw-_-‘n-bp-amb GsX-¶nepw Hcp hnj-b-Ønp {]m[myw ¬In-s°m-≠mWv F√m h¿jhpw Cu kvac-WnI `‡-P ka£w ka¿∏n-°m-dp-≈-Xv. ]Ømw hm¿jn-I-amb Cu thf-bn¬ kvac-Wn-I-bv°mbn kzoI-cn-®n-´p≈ hnjbw "kwKoXw' F∂-Xm- Wv. Ie-I-fpsS Cu‰n-√-amWv Xr∏q-Wn-Øp-d. tIc-f-Ønse G‰hpw henb Iem-t£-{X-ß-fn¬ H∂mb B¿.-F¬.-hn. tImtf-Pp-Xs∂ Xr∏q-Wn-Øp-d-bpsS A`n-am--am-Wv. kwKoX {]Xn-`-I-fm¬ C{Xbpw Ap- {K-lo-X-amb as‰mcp ÿehpw tIc-f-Øn-se-∂√ `mc-X-Øn¬ Xs∂-bp-t≠m F∂p kwi-bn-t°-≠n- bn-cn-°p-∂p. Ch-cpsS FÆw AwKp-eo-]-cn-an-X-a-√m-Ø-Xn-m¬ t]sc-SpØp ]d-bm≥ km[y-hp-a-√. Cuiz- cm-cm-[-bv°p apJy-amb LS-I-ß-fn¬ ap≥]-¥n-bn¬ n¬°p-∂Xv kwKo-X-amWv. a{¥-߃, taf- ߃, `P-, Xp≈¬, IqØv, IY-I-fn, tkm]m kwKoXw apX-emb t£{X-kw-_-‘n-bmb Ie-I- fpsSsb√mw Poh≥ kwKo-X-am-Wv. ΩpsS tZho-tZ-h-∑m-cp-tSbpw Ejn-I-fp-tSbpw Ic-ßsf Ae-¶-cn-®n- cn-°p∂XpXs∂ kwKo-tXm-]-I-c-W-ß-fm-Wv. Cu {]]©w Xs∂ kwKo-Xm-fl-I-am-Wv. {]`mX ]£n- I-fpsS If-Iq-P--߃, Zn-I-fpsS Hgp°v Ch-sb√mw kwKo-X-a-b-am-Wv. kwKo-X-Øns‚ Ap-c-W--ß- fn-s√-¶n¬ Cu {]]-©-Øn-p-t]mepw AÿnXz-an-√. inip-°ƒt]mepw Dd-ßp-∂Xv Xmcm-´ns‚ eb-am- [p-cy-Øn-emWv. kwKoX {]Xn-`-I-fp-sS, Bkzm-Z-I-cp-sS, hna¿i-I-cpsS {]uV-Kw-`o-c-amb teJ--߃ ]T--߃, hna¿i--߃ F∂n-h-bm¬ kº-∂-amb Cu kvac-WnI s]mXp-P--k-a£w `‡ym-Z-c-]q¿Δw ka¿∏n- °p-∂p. CXn-p-th≠n Atlm-cm{Xw {]b-Xvn® kanXn {]h¿Ø-I¿, t{]m’m-lw ¬Inb Kpcp- P--߃, CXn-te-bv°mbn hne-s∏´ teJ--߃ ¬Inb teJ-I¿, ]c-ky-ßfpw a‰pw-X∂v klm- bn® hym]mc, hyh-kmb, ÿm]--߃, hy‡n-Iƒ, Ia-o-b-ambn A®-Sn®v IrXy-k-a-b-Øp-Xs∂ R߃°p ¬Inb "amXm {]nt‚gvkv', AXp-t]m-se-Xs∂ CXns‚ hnP-b-Øn-mbn {]h¿Øn-®n- ´p≈ F√m k÷--ß-tfmSpw kan-Xn-bpsS μnbpw IS-∏mSpw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≈p-∂p. Cu kwcw- `-Øn-p-th≠n klm-bn-®n-´p-≈ F√m-h¿°pw tZi-m-Y-mb {io]q¿Æ-{X-bo-i-t‚-bpw, Xma-c-Ip-f-ßc {io[¿Ω imkvXm-hn-s‚bpw Ap-{K-lm-in- p-Iƒ D≠m-Is´ F∂p {]m¿∞n-®p-sIm-≈p-∂p. {ioltc ax Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc {io[¿Ω-im-kvXmth icWw k¿thiv i¶¿ Fkv. I¨ho-¿, aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmjIΩn-‰n. -7-
  • 8. Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012 D≈-S°w kma-th-Zhpw kwKo-Xhpw ˛ tUm. tXm´w inh-I-c≥ ºq-Xncn 9 `mcX kwKoXw Ncn-{X-Øn-eqsS -˛ tUm. F. PeP h¿Ω 15 kwKoX {Xnaq¿Øn-I-fpsS ap≥Km-an-Iƒ ˛ tUm. `ph-t-izcn Pn. 20 kwKo-X-˛-km-ln-Xy-`mhw Xpfpºn n¬°p∂ t£{X ]©-c-Xv-Ir-Xn-Iƒ˛ 25 tUm. Fkv. `mKy-e£van Fw.-F. ]n.-F-®v.-Un. {io apØp-kzman Zo£n-X¿ IrXn-I-fnse Ap-]a kwKo-X-˛-km-lnXy ka-zb kuμcyw ˛ 29 tUm. {]oXn sI. mZ-cq-]n-Wnsb {]Xy-£-am-°nb iymam-im-kv{Xn-Iƒ ˛ tUm. aRvPp tKm]m¬ 33 kzmXn kvarXn-I-fn-eq-sS ... ˛ AizXn Xncp-mƒ cma-h¿Ω 36 It®cn [¿Ωw ˛ tUm. {ioh’≥ sP. tatm≥ 42 h-hn[ `‡n-bpw, kwKo-Xhpw ˛ -tUm. B¿. {ioteJ 45 t£{X-kw-KoXw ˛ HcmapJw ˛ APnXv ºq-Xncn 48 kwKoXhpw kmlnXyhpw ˛ tUm hn B¿ {]t_m[N{μ≥ mb¿ 51 tIc-f-Ønse t£{X-߃ ˛ I¿Æm-SI kwKoX Io¿Ø--ßfn¬ ˛ 56 tUm. ANyp-Xvi-¶¿ Fkv. mb¿ kwKoXw Cuiz-c≥ ˛ Sn.-F-kv. cm[m-Ir-jvWPn 60 kwKo-X- kw-kvIm-c-ß-fpsS ka-z-b-ambn lnμp-ÿmn kwKoXw ˛ tUm. A{`m-ZnX _m¿Pn 63 tkm]m kwKoXw ˛ Hcp kmam-ym-h-tem-Iw ˛ tUm. eoem HmwtNcn 67 IY-Ifn kwKo-X-Øns‚ hnImk ]cn-Wm-a-߃ ˛ cta-i≥ Xºp-cm≥ 76 a-e-bm¨a-bpsS `mh-cm-K-߃ ˛ inh-Zmkv h¿Ω 80 A`n-apJw :˛ ]{Xm-[n-]-k-anXn ˛ ""Ka-I-h-iyX''bm¿∂ IrjvW kwKo-X-Øns‚ Fgp-]-Ø©v h¿j-߃ ˛ 83 ]fl-`q-j¨ Sn.-F≥. IrjvW≥ kwKoXhpw BtcmKyhpw -˛ tUm. _n. ]pjv] IrjvW≥ 86 kwKo-X-]-cn-]m-Sn-bn¬ i_vZ-kw-hn-[m--Øn-p≈ {]m[myw ˛ {io. An¬ 88 kwKo-Xm-`ym-kw˛ C∂-se, C∂v ˛ tUm. ]fl Fkv. Xºp-cm≥ 90 P¬km L¿ - ˛ IrjvW-aq¿Øn 94 efnX kwKo-X-Øn¬ n∂pw imkv{Xob kwKo-X-Øn-tebv°v ˛ Fw.-F-kv. e£van ip` 97 -8-
  • 9. Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012 kma-th-Zhpw kwKo-Xhpw tUm. tXm´w inh-I-c≥ ºq-Xncn {_“-ap-tJm-¤p-X-amb NXp¿tΔ-Z-߃ EIv, AXmWv tZh-X. hnizm-an-{X≥, IWz≥, hkn-jvT≥, bPp v, kmam, Y¿Δ-W-ß-fm-W-t√m. ""{_“-n- A{Xn, hma-tZ-h≥, Bt{Xbn, Aw-`r-W]p-{Xn-bmb iz-knXw thZw:'' F∂m-Wv {]am-Ww. ⁄m-`- hm°v F∂n-h¿ {]kn-≤-cmb Ejn-am-cm-Wv. Kmb- WvUm-Km-c-ß-fmb thZ-߃ Am-Znbpw A-¥- {Xn, XpjvWn-Iv, ApjvSp-∏v, _rl-Xn, {XjvSp-∏v, hp-am-sW∂v n¿Æ-bn-°-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. AXn-m¬- PKXn F∂nh Oμ p-I-fm-Ip-∂p. C{μ≥, A·n, Øs∂ A]u-cp-tj-b-amWv thZ-߃. ⁄mw hcp-W≥, cp{Z≥, hmbp, khn-Xmhv XpS-ßn-bh tZh- Hcp hy‡n-bm¬ cNn-bv°-s∏-Sp-hm≥ km≤y-a√ X-I-fpsS DZm-l-c-Ww. F∂-Xn-m¬ ap-jy-kr-jvS-a√ thZw F∂p ]d- thZ-߃ {]Ir-Xn-tbbpw {]]-©-tØbpw bp- ∂ - X n¬ Akmw- K Xyw H´pwX- s ∂- b n- √ . ntj-[n-°p-∂n-s√∂p am{X-a-√, AwKo-I-cn-°p- ⁄msØ ap-jy≥ Is≠-Øp-I-bmWv AYhm Ibpw {]iw-kn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p-ap-≠v. Pohn- Z¿in-°p-I-bm-Wv sNøp-∂-Xv. AXn-m-emWv Ejn- XsØ bYm¿∞-ambn hnh-cn-°p-∂-Xn-m¬, thZw amsc a{¥-{Z-jvSm-°ƒ F∂v hnh-£n-°p-∂Xv. Ejn - GXp Ime-Øpw, Gh¿°pw hgn-Im-´n-bmbn h¿Øn- F∂ hm°ns‚ A¿∞w Xs∂ {Im¥- Z ¿in °p-∂p. BZn-`u-Xn-I-am-bpw, BZn-ssZ-hn-I-am-bpw, F∂m-Wv. B≤ym- fl n- I - a mbpw a‰pw hnhn[ Xe- ß - f n¬ F√m a{¥-߃°pw Ejn-—-tμm-˛-tZ-h-X-Iƒ thZsØ hymJym-n-®-h-cm-Wv ΩpsS ]q¿Δ-kq- D≠v. Ejn-am¿ Z¿in-®, km£m¬°-cn® a{¥-ß- cn-Iƒ. i_vZ-hyp¬∏-Ønsb ASn-ÿm--am°n sf-bmWv E°p-Iƒ F∂p-]dbp-∂Xv. a{¥-{Z-jvSmhv - - - sscp- ‡ w, b⁄sØ ASn- ÿ m- - a m°n Ejn-bpw, hrØw Oμ p-am-Ip-∂p. GsXmcp tZh- bm⁄n-Iw, Bfl-X-ØzsØ ASn-ÿm--am°n Xsb Dt±-in-®mtWm a{¥w {]tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xv, B≤ym-fln-Iw, CXn-lmk kw_-‘-ambn sFXn- ]m™m¬ {Kma-Ønse kma-th-Zn-Iƒ HØpIq-Sp∂ e£van mcm-bW t£{Xw -9-
  • 10. Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012 lm-knIw F∂v mep hn[-Øn¬ A¿∞-a-dn-tb- I-fp-≈-XmWv kma-th-Zw F∂m-Wn-Xns‚ Xmev]- ≠-Xm-sW-∂m-Wv bmkv°-a-Xw. cyw. AkwJyw imJ-Iƒ D≠m-bn-cp∂p F∂p ΩpsS hnPvRm kmK-c-Øn¬, thZ-Øn¬ Icp-Xn-bmepw sX‰n-√. Hmtcmtcm Ejn-am-cpsS t]cp- n∂v DXv`qX-amb AkwJyw hn`m-K-ß-fpw, Ah I-fn¬ AXmXv imJ-Iƒ Adn-b-s∏-´p-h-cp-∂p. hnh-cn-°p∂ Bbn-c-am-bncw {KŸ-X-√-P-ßfpw thZsØ mem°n hn`-Pn® IrjvW-ssZz-]m-b ΩpsS kwkv°m-csØ kº-∂-am-°p∂p. {_m“- al¿ln Hmtcm∂pw Hmtcm injy≥am¿°p-]-tZ- W-߃, Bc-Wy-I-߃, D]-n-j-Øp-°ƒ, D]- in-®p. kma-thZw ssPan-n-°m-Wp-]tZ-in-®Xv. AXv - - th-Z-߃, thZm-MvK-߃, Z¿i--߃, {iuX-kq- injy-{]-injy ]c-º-c-bm¬ nc-h[n imJ-I-fmbn {X-߃, Krly-kq-{X-߃, kvarXn-Iƒ, CXn-lmk {]N-cn-°-s∏-´p. ]pcm-Wm-Zn-Iƒ, Imhy-m-S-Im-Zn-Iƒ XpS-ßn-b-h-bn- {]kn-≤amb Ztim-]n-jØp-Ifn¬ Omtμm- - - - - ep≈ CuSp-shbv∏v as‰mcp cmjv{S-Ønpw Ah- Kyw, tIw F∂nh kma-th-Zm-¥¿K-X-am-Ip-∂p. Im-i-s∏-Sp-hm-n-√-X-s∂. Omtμm-tKym-]n-jØnse ""XXz-akn'' BWv kma- - - kwln-X, {_m“-Ww, Bc-Wy-Iw, D]-n- th-Zo-bamb alm-Im-hyw. (O-μ ns Kmw sNøp- - - jØv F∂n-ßs Hmtcm thZhpw membn hn`- ∂- h ¿ Otμm- K ≥am¿. kma- t h- Z n- I sf Otμm- Pn-°-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. Hcp ap-jys‚ {_“-N-cym- K≥am¿ F∂v hyh-l-cn-°m-dp-≠v.) {i- a - Ø n¬ kwln- X - b v ° pw, Km¿l- ÿ y- Ø n¬ ta¬∏-d™ aq∂v imJ-I-fn¬ ssPan-ob {_m“-W-Øn-pw, hm-{]-ÿØn¬ Bc-Wy-I- imJ-bm-Wv tIc-fØn¬ S-∏n-ep≈Xv. I¿Æm-S- Øn-pw, kym-km-{i-a-th-f-bn¬ D]-n-j-Ønpw Iw, Xan-gvm-Sv, B{‘m-{]-tZiv F∂n-hn-S-ß-fnepw {]m[myw KWn-bv°-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. ssPan-ob kma-thZw {]Nm-c-Øneps≠¶nepw, D]m- k m {][m- - a mb kma- t h- Z - Ø nv tIc-fob {_m“-W-cmb ºq-Xn-cn-am-cpsS thtZm- Fs¥-∂n-√mØ {]m[m-yw, tkma-bm-Km-Zn-{iuX ®m-cW coXn AXy¥w hyXy-kvX-am-Wv. IuYp-a- I¿Ω-ßfn¬ ¬In hcp-∂p-≠v. ""kma-bXn tZhm≥ - imJ Hdo , DØ¿{]-tZ-iv, _wKmƒ, I¿Æm-S-I, At CXn- k ma'' F∂mWv kmb- W - a - X w. Xan-gvmSv F∂o `mK-ß-fn-epw, cmWm-b-o-b-imJ tZh≥amsc can-∏n-°p-∂-XmWv kmaw F∂¿∞w. I¿Æm-S-Iw, cmP-ÿm≥, alm-cm-jv{S, KpP-dmØv, hm°n- t mSpw {]mW- t mSpw IqSn- t N¿∂Xv B{‘m-{]-tZ-iv, DØ¿{]-tZiv F∂o kwÿm-- GXmtWm AXmWv kmaw F∂v _rl-Zm-cWy ß-fn-epw, Nne-bn-S-sØ√mw ipjv°-am-sW-¶n-epw, tIm]-n-j-Ønepw ]d-bp-∂p-≠v. kam-iz-kn-∏n-°p- {]Nm-c-Øn-ep-≠v. ∂Xv (Soothing), XpjvSn-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xv kma-am-Ip- kma-th-Z-kw-ln-X-bnse a{¥-ß-fn¬, qdn¬ ∂p. kmaw kmXzn-Iam-Wv. (km-ath-ZØns‚ Bizm- - - - Xmsg-bp-≈h HgnsI F√mw Xs∂, EtKz-Z-Øn-ep- k-Zm-bI kz`m-hsØ°pdn®v ]n∂o-Sv {]kvXm-hn- ≈h Xs∂-bm-Wv. F∂m¬, sNm√p∂ coXn ˛ °p-∂p≠v.) kzc-hn-[mw ˛ Gsd hyXy-kvX-am-Wv. kmam-y- kma-th-Z-Ønv IuYp-aw, cmWm-b-o-bw, kz-c-Øn-ep-≈, AXm-bXv DZm-Øm-p-ZmØ kzcnX ssPao-obw F∂o aq∂p kwln-X-Ifpw (im-J), ]q¿Δ-I-amb EIv kwln-X-bpw, AtX a{¥-߃ XmWvUyw, Omtμm-Kyw, ssPan-obw AYhm Xe- Xs∂ kzcn®v Kmm-fl-I-ambn sNm√p∂ Km-kw- h-Imcw F∂v aq∂v {_m“-W-ß-fp-am-Wp-≈-Xv. ln-Xbpw tN¿∂-XmWv kma-thZ kwln-X. C-cp- ""kl-{k-h¿flm kma-thZ:'' F∂mWv ]X--RvPen ]- Ø n- b ©v A[ym- b - ß - f p≈ Bc- W y- I - K mw alm-`m-jy-Øn¬ ]d-™n-cn-°p-∂Xv. Bbncw imJ- - AYhm N{μm- k maw IqSn Dƒs∏- S p- ∂ - X mWv - 10 -
  • 11. Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012 kwln-X; a‰v `mK-߃ ]Xn-hn-s√-¶nepw N{μm-kmaw ""EIv`n: ]mTy a`qXv KoXw kym-km-{i-an-Ifmb kzman-bm¿amcpw sNm√m-dp-≠v. - kma`y: ka-]-ZyX bPq¿t`ym-`n-Ow PmXm˛ F√m thZ-߃°pw Hmtcm D]-th-Zap-s≠∂v - ckm-›m-Y¿ΔW: karXm:'' F∂v kwKoX Z¿∏- kqNn-∏n-®p-h-t√m. Km‘¿ΔthZ-amWv km-a-th-Z- W-sa∂ {KŸ-Ønepw, Øns‚ D]-th-Zw. AXm-bXv kwKoXw kay-°mb KoXw AYhm Kmw BWv kwKoXw. {]]-©- ""kma-th-ZmZv kztcm PmX: kw-KoXw Xs∂ Nn´-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-XmWv kma-th-Zw. kztct`ym {Kma-kw-`hm:'' F∂v amXw-K≥ _rl- aq∂p kma-thZ imJ-I-fnepw h®v ssPan-ob t±in-I-bnepw kma- t h- Z - a mWv IqSp- X ¬ kwKo- X m- fl - I - s a∂v ""k]vX-kz-cmkvXp Kobt¥ kmμ¿`n-I-ambn {]kvXm-hn-®p-sIm-≈-s´. kma- kma-`n- m-a-ssK¿∫pss[:'' F∂v amWvUpIy- Øn¬ n∂v Pn-®-XmWv kwKoXw F∂-Xn-m¬ inIvjbnepw ]d-b-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. kmaPw F∂ ]Zw kwKo-X-Øns‚ ]cym-b-ambn CXn¬n∂v, kwKo-X-Ønse {]amW {KŸ- D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂p. ß-sf-√mw, kwKo-XØns‚ D¤hw kma-th-ZØn¬ - - kma-th-Z-Øn¬ n∂mWv kwKoXw D¤-hn- n∂m- s W∂pw kma- t h- Z - Ø n¬ k]v X - k z- c - { ]- ®-sX-∂-Xnv ]ucm-WnI {KŸ-ß-fn¬ nc-h[n tbmKw Ds≠∂pw AwKo-I-cn-®n-´p-s≠∂v hy‡- {]am-W-߃ ImWp-h≥ Ign-bpw. NneXp am{Xw am-W-t√m. Xmsg tN¿°p-∂p. thtZm-®m-cWw {][m--ambn aq∂p hn[-Øn- ""kma-th-Zm-ZnZw KoXw em-Wp-≈-Xv. B¿®n-Iw, KmYn-Iw, kman-Iw. EIv, kwP- { Kml ]nXmalx'' F∂v im¿Mv K - t Z- h ≥ KmY, kmaw F∂n hm°p-I-fp-ambn _‘-s∏-´mWn kwKoX cXvm-I-c-Ønepw ]Z-߃ D≠m-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. B¿®nIw GI kzc- ""P{Kml ]mTy-arKvthZm¬ am-Wv. ΩpsS m´nse ]e BNm-cm-p-jvTm--ß- kma-t`ym-Ko-X-tah N'' F∂v `c-X-ap-n-bpsS fnepw (A-ssh-Zn-I-hpw) B¿®nI coXn-bm-W-h-ew- mSy-im-kv{X-Ønepw _n- ° p- ∂ - X v . KmYn- I w, DZm- Ø m- p- Z m- Ø - ß ƒ tN¿∂-Xm-Wv. bPq¿tΔZ {_m“-W-߃ (Nne D]- n-j-Øp-I-fpw) Cu k{º-Zm-b-Øn¬ sNm√n hcp- ∂p. kman-Iam-Is´, DZm-Øw, Ap-Zm-Øw, kzcnXw - - F∂nh tN¿∂-Xm-Wv. EtKz-Zhpw bPq¿tΔ-Zhpw DZm- Ø m- Z n- k z- c - { X- b - k - t a- X - a mWv sNm√p- ∂ - X v . ""Dss®-cp-ZmØ:, ossN-c-p-ZmØ:......'' F∂o hn[- Øn¬ kzc-{]-b-XvsØ sshøm-I-c-W-∑m-¿ hnh- cn-®n-´p-≠v. hmt§-b-Im-c-∑m-cpsS coXn-bn¬, "n' kzcw Ap-Zm-ØØn-pw, "k' kzcw DZm-ØØnpw - - "cn' kzcw kzcn-XØnpw kam--am-Wv. ({]-N-bw, Iºw F∂o kzc-t`-Z-ßfpw hnc-f-ambn {]tbm-Kn- °-s∏-Sp-∂p-≠v.) Xma-cIp-fßcbn¬ 2010-˛¬ S∂ kma-th-Zm¿® - kzc-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm--amw am{X-bm-Wv. - 11 -
  • 12. Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012 am{X-bn¬ hyXymkw h∂m¬ thZw sNm√p-∂Xv S-Øp-Ibpw {]_‘w {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-Ibpw ]ng-®-Xmbn IW-°m-°pw. icn-bmb am{X-bn¬, sNbvXn-´p-≠v. (The Music of Hebrews - Resemblance kzc- Ø n¬, ho≠pw Bh¿Øn- ° - W w. sX‰n to Samaveda Chart) sNm√p-∂Xv ]m]-am-sW-∂m-Wv hnizm-kw. n›nX mev, A©v, Bdv, Ggv kzc-ßsf D]-tbm-K- coXn-bn¬ sNm√-W-sa∂v hn[n-bp-≠v. kzc-Øn¬ s∏-Sp-Øn-bp≈ kwKo-XsØ-°p-dn®v hni-Zamb hnh- - - ISp-InS am‰w hcp-Øp-hm≥ sNm√p-∂-hv Ah-Im- c-W-߃ imkv{X-{K-Ÿ-ß-fn¬ ImWmw. kzcm-¥- i-an-√. AXm-b-Xv, atm-[¿Ω-Ønv {]k-‡n-bn- cw, HuU-hw, jmU-hw, kºq¿Æw F∂n-ß-s- s√∂v Npcp-°w. bm-Wn-h-bpsS kmt¶-XnI ma-߃. tkma-bm-Kw, AXn-cm{Xw F∂n-h-bn¬ kma- ""B¿®n-tIm-Km-Yn-I-ss›h th-Zn-I-fmb DZvKm-Xm-°ƒ kma-Kmw S-Øp- kman-I› kzcm-¥c: tºmƒ, CXc thZn-I-fmb a‰v EXzn-°p-Iƒ (D-]- HuU-hw, jmUhw ssNh Km-Xm-°-sf-∂mWv Chsc hn-ti-jn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv) kºq¿Æ-tizXn k]vXa: ]Xn- mep am{X- b n¬ AI- º Sn ]mS- W - s a∂v GI-kz-c-{]-tbm-tKmln {iuX-{K-Ÿ-ß-fn¬ hn[n-bp-≠v. bmK-Ønv imem- B¿®nI: tkm`n-[o-btX am-{X-bn¬ sNm√pI F∂ Hcp coXn Xs∂ hnti- KmYn-tIm-Zzn-kz-tcm-t⁄b: j-am-bp-≠v. EtKz-Z-Ønse PS, cY XpS-ßnb hnIr- {Xnkz-c-ss›h kmanI: Xn-I-fn-epw, bPq¿tΔ-Z-Ønse sIm´v, tLmjw XpS- NXp-kz-c-{]-tbm-tKmln ßnb {]tbm-K-ß-fnepw, kwlnXm kzc-k-{º-Zm- IYn-XkvXp kzcm-¥c:'' b-Øn¬ n∂v hn`n-∂-am-bn-´m-Wv thZm-em-]-w. {ihW kpμ-c-amb Cu {]tbm-K-߃ tIc-f- F∂p XpS- ß nb t«mI- ß ƒ aXw- K s‚ Øns‚ am{Xw {]tXy-I-X-bm-Wv. _rl-tZ-in-I-bn¬ D≈-Xm-Wv. DZm-Øm-Zn-kz-c-߃ tem-I-Øn¬ a‰n-S-ß- kcn-Ka XpS-ßnb k]vX-kz-c-߃°v aqem- fnepw aX-]camb NS-ßp-Ifn¬ D]-tbm-Ks∏-Sp-Øn- - - - - [m-c-amb kma-th-Z-Ønse kzc-߃°v, {IpjvSw, h- c p- ∂ p- ≠ v . ASp- Ø n- s S, kpdn- b mn hn`m- K - {]Y-aw, ZznXo-bw, a[y-aw, NXp¿∞w, a{μw, AXn- Øn¬s∏-´, kwKo-X-⁄-cmb Nne {InkvXob kzmcyw F∂n-hbmWv ma-ß-sf∂v ssXØn-cob ]ptcm-ln-X-∑m-cpsS D’m-l-Øn¬, ""kocn'' F∂ {]mXn-im-Jy-Ønepw hnh-cn-°p-∂p-≠v. (Xm-c-Xayw kwL-S-bpsS Iogn¬, tIm´-bØp h®v kwKo-X- hyp¬{I-a-am-bn-´m-Wv thWp-m-Z-hp-ambn _‘-s∏- hn-j-b-I-ambn Hcp skan-m¿ S-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. SpØn mc-Zob in£-bn¬ Cßns ]d-™n-cn- kma-th-ZsØ {]Xn-n-[o-I-cn®v Cu teJ-Ipw °p-∂p˛ ]s¶-Sp-°p-I-bp-≠mbn. ΩpsS thtZm-®m-c-W- ""b: kma-Kmmw {]Ya: Øns‚ coXnbpambn hfsc kmay-ap≈ coXn-bn- kth-tWm¿a-[ya: kzc: emWv Ah-cpsS Nne {]m¿∞--Iƒ. lo{_p, tbmZzn-Xob: k Km-‘mc: em‰n≥ `mj-I-fn-ep≈ Bem-]--ß-fp-am-bp≈ XrXo-bkvXzr j`: kvarX: kmZr-iy-ßfpw N¿®m-hn-j-b-am-bn. lo{_p kwKo- NXp¿∞w jUvP CXymlp: Xhpw kma-kw-Ko-Xhpw XΩn-ep≈ KmV-amb ]©tam ss[htXm `th¬ kmZr-iy-sØ-°p-dn®v Bdv Zim-_vZ߃°p ap≥]p- - jjvtTm njmtZm hnt⁄b: X-s∂, aZn-cm-in-bnse tUm. hn. cmL-h≥ ]Tw k]vXaw ]©a: kvarX:'' - 12 -
  • 13. Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012 (a-K-cn-k-[-n] F∂v {Iaw) {_m“W {KŸ-ß-fnepw hmZy-߃ hmbn-°p-hm≥ GXmpw h¿j-߃°p ap≥]v I¿Æm-S-I- hn[n-bp-≠v. a‰n-S-ß-fn¬ Ct∏mgpw AXmXv ka-b- Ønse {io cma-N-{μm-]pcw aTØn¬ h®v S∂ ß-fn¬ hmZyw apg-°m-dp-≠v. A¥m-cmjv{S kma-thZ ktΩ-f--Øn¬ ]s¶-S- 1980 Ifn-em-sW∂p tXm∂p-∂p, _m-dkv °p-∂-Xnpw Hcp {]_‘w Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂- lμp- b q- W n- t h- g v k n- ‰ n- b nse kwKo- X - i mkv { X Xnpw Ah-kcw e`n-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. XZ-h-k-c- hn`mKw tae-[n-Im-cn-bm-bn-cp∂ {ioaXn cMvK-m- Øn¬ km£m¬ tbip-Zmkpw a‰v {]K-¤cpw k`m- bIn Aø-¶m-cpsS D’m-l-Øn¬ kma-th-Z-˛-kw- ]- X n- I - f mbn D≠m- b n- c p- ∂ p. {]_- ‘ m- h - X - KoX kw_-‘n-bmbn Hcp skan-m¿ S-°p-I-bp- cWØnn- S - b n¬Øs∂ kPo- h - a m- b pw, hfsc ≠m-bn. kma-th-Zm-em-]Ønv AI-º-Sn-bmbn Ap-Iq-e-ambpw k¿Δ{io tbip-Zmkv CS-s]-Sp- GXv ]°- h m- Z y- a mWv IqSpX¬ Ap- t bmPyw Ibpw ssPan-ob kma-Km-Øns‚ hnti-jXIƒ - - - F∂pw a‰pw {]mtbm-Kn-I-am-bn-Øs∂ hne-bn-cp- FSp-Øp-]-d-bp-I-bp-ap-≠m-bn. Jc-l-c-{]nb cmK- Ø-s∏-Sp-I-bp-≠m-bn. X’-a-bØv kma-th-Zhpw tØmSv tN¿Øphbv°m-hp-∂-tXm, kmZr-iy-ap-≈- kwKo-Xhpw XΩnep≈ _‘hpw Gsd N¿® sNø- tXm, Bbn-´mWv kma-Km-sØ At±lw ncq-]n- s∏-´p. ®-Xv. CXn--Sn-ÿmw ta¬∏-d™ mc-Zob in£- tZi-Ime h¿§-h¿Æ hyXym-k-߃°v D]- bnse {]kvXm-h-am-sW∂pw Icp-Xmw. At±lw cn-bmWv ip≤ kwKo-X-sa∂v ÿnc-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ FSp-Øp-]-d™ as‰mcp Imcyw a‰v tZiob k{º- Hcp Ap-`hw IqSn ChnsS ]¶p-h-bv°-s´. DtZymK Zm-b-ß-fn¬ n∂v hyXy-kvX-am-bn, ºq-Xn-cn-am- kw_-‘-ambn Ad_n cmPy hmk-Øn-n-S-bn¬, cpsS HmØp-sNm-√-en¬ {ipXn-bpsS A`m-h-hpw, jnb, kp∂n hn`m-K-ß-fn¬s∏´ ap…nw ]ptcm-ln- X¬^-e-am-bp≈ A`w-Knbpw apg®p n¬°p-∂- X-cpsS {]m¿∞ (hm-¶p-hn-fn) ÿnc-ambn {i≤n- Xmbn Ap-`-h-s∏-Sp∂p F∂-Xm-Wv. Xan-gvm-´nse °m-dp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. A¤p-X-I-c-sa∂p ]d-b-s´, IuYp-a-imJm k{º-Zm-b-amWv Jc-l-c-{]n-b-tbmSv thZm-em-]--hp-ambn AXy¥w kmZriyw D≈-Xm- Ap-Kp-W-am-bn-cn-°p-∂-sX∂pw {i≤m¿l-am-Wv. bn-´mWv tXm∂n-b-Xv. (tI-c-f-Ønse hm¶p-hn-fn°v bmKmZn I¿Ω- ß - f n- e pw, t£{X- ß - f nse C{Xbpw kmZriyw tXm∂m-dn-√.) {]Xn-jvTm-Zn-ip` I¿Ω-ß-fnepw a‰pw kma-Kmw ]uc-kvXy-am-I-s´, ]m›m-Xy-am-I-s´, ]ucm- n¿∫-‘-am-W-t√m. It®cnIfnepw a‰pw D≈-Xp- Wn-I-amb kwKoX[mc-Iƒ F√mw Hcp Nc-Sn¬ t]me ]°-tafw thZm-em-] ka-bØv C∂v S- tIm¿Ø aWn-I-fm-sW∂v CXn¬ n∂v hy‡-am- ∏n-en√. F∂m¬, tkma-bm-K-Ønse AXn-hn-in- W-t√m. as‰√m kwkv°m-c-ß-tf-°mfpw ]pcm-X- jvS-amb cY-¥-c-kmaw (`-Imc cY-¥cw ˛ aqe-a- hpw DØ- t am- Ø - a - h p- a mb ΩpsS km- X {¥-Ønse A£-c-߃°p ]Icw ` Im-c-amWv kwkv°m-c-Øns‚ aln-abpw Kcn-abpw DØ-tcm- sNm√p-∂-Xv. kzc-Ønpw A®npw hyXym-k-an-√. Øcw sΩ A¤pX ]c-X-{¥-cm-°p-Ibpw sNøp- DZm-l-c-W-Ønv ""AZvKv[m-Ch'' F∂-Xnv "" ``q- ∂p. `m-`n-t`....'' F∂v kzcn®v sNm√p-∂p.) sNm√p∂ ka-bØv GsX-¶nepw hn[-Øn¬ D®-Øn-ep≈ kam- i zmk NnIn- ’ - b nepw ( Palliative ), sIm´¬ C∂pw Ap-jvTn®p hcp-∂p-≠v. sNºntem kwKoX NnIn-’-bnepw (Music Therapy) kma-th-Z- IpS-Øntem ]m´bntem BWv I≠p-h-cp-∂-Xv. Ønv AXn-{]-[m--amb ]¶p-h-ln-°p-hm≥ Ign-bp- CXnv Dt]m-Zv_-e-I-ambn {iuX-{K-Ÿ-ß-fnepw sa-∂mWv Cu teJ-Is‚ A`n-{]m-bw. AXmXv - 13 -
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  • 15. Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012 `mcX kwKoXw Ncn-{X-Øn-eqsS tUm. F. PeP h¿Ω kwKo-X-Øns‚ D¤hw {]Ir-Xn-bn¬ n∂p bsØ "tZio' kwKoXw F∂pw hnfn-®p-t]m-∂p. Xs∂-bm-Wv. lrZ-b-Øn-s‚bpw izmk-tIm-i-Øn- "tZio' kwKo-X-Ønp DZm-l-c-W-ß-f-s{X. s‚bpw {Iaw-sX-‰m-sX-bp≈ New ap-jyv Xmf- t]¿jy≥ kzm[o- - Ø m¬ DØ- t c- ¥ y- b n¬ t_m[w ¬In-sb-¶n¬, Infn-I-fpsS If-Iq-P-- hym]n® kwKoX k{º-Zm-bhpw Z£n-tW-¥y- ßfpw, Zn-IfpsS If-Ifm-chhpw, h≠p-IfpsS aqf- - - - - bnse kwKoX k{º-Zm-b-hpw. epw, Im‰n≥ a¿Ω-c-hpw, Pohn-I-fpsS hnhn[ Xc- Øn-ep≈ i_vZhpw tI´v Bkz-Zn®v ap-jyv ]pcm- X `mc- X ob kwKo- X sØ Bdv kwKoX ]≤Xn (kv°qƒ) Ifmbn Xcw Xncn-bv°- kwKo-Xm-kzm-Z--tijn e`n-®n-cn-°pw. s∏-´n-´p-≠v. {_“aXw, inhaXw, mcZaXw, lp- ]pcm-X ap-jy¿ tZh {]oXn-°p-th≠n S- aZvaXw, `cXaXw, I√n-mYaXw F∂n-ß-s. Øn-h∂ ]qPmZn I¿Ω-ßfpsS ]›m-ØeØn-em- - - - F.-Un. 1˛4 q‰m-≠n-∂n-S-bn¬ hnc-Nn-X-ambn Wv {]mIrX kwKoXw `mc-XØn¬ DSseSpØ-Xv. - F∂p Icp-X-s∏-Sp∂ `cXapn-bpsS mSy-im- hyh-ÿm-]n-Xamb `mc-Xob kwKo-XØns‚ - - kv{XsØ A[n-I-cn®v hf¿∂p hnI-kn® ]≤-Xn- D¤hw IrXy-ambn n¿W-bn-°m≥ km[y-a-s√- bs{X B[p-nI kwKo-X˛rØ k{º-Zm-bw. `cX -- ¶nepw kwKo-X-sØ-°p-dn-®p≈ BZy {]Xn-]m-Zw apn-bv°p-tijw 4˛7 q‰m-≠n-∂n-Sbn¬ Fgp-Xs∏´ - - thZ-ß-fn-em-Wv. ]mZ-ßsf kwKo-Xm-fl-I-ambn aXw-K-ap-n-bpsS "_rl-±-in, 7˛11 q‰m-≠n-∂n-S-bn¬ {]tbm-Kn-®Xv EIv, kmaw F∂o thZ-ß-fn-em-Wv. cNn® mc-Zap-n-bpsS "kwKoX aI-cμw' 11-˛14 ∂nS- - EtKzZ Ime-L´Øn¬ BZn kwKoXw "n' ˛ Ap- - - bn¬ kmcß tZhs‚ kwKoX cXvm-I-c-Ønv Zm-Øw, "k' ˛ kzcn-Xw, "cn' ˛ DZmØw F∂n- I√o-m-Y≥ ¬Inb hymJym-w, F∂o {KŸ-߃ ßs 3 kzc-ß-sf-bmWv Dƒs∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cp-∂-Xv. `mc-Xob kwKo-X-Øns‚ hf¿®-bn¬ kp{]-[m Ime-{I-taW CXp hnI-kn®v "K' "[' kzc-߃ ]¶p-h-ln-bv°p-∂p. IqSn k∂n-th-in-∏n®v ˛ K cn k n k ˛ F∂n- Ncn-{X-Im-c-∑m¿°nS-bn¬ GIm-`n-{]m-b-an-s√- ßs 5 kzc-ß-fmbn Xo¿∂p. kma-Km Ime-L- ¶nepw a[y-G-jy-bn¬ n∂p≈ Bcy-∑m-cpsS ´-Øn¬ n∂p XpS-ßnb Cu {]{Inb hnI-kn®v A[n-n-th-i-Ønp apºv `mc-X-Øn¬ hyh-ÿm- D]-n-jZv Ime-L-´-am-b-t∏m-tgbv°pw ]q¿Æ-ambn ]n-X-amb Hcp kwKo-X-˛-rØ kwhn-[mw ne- 7 kzc-߃ "aK-cn-k-n-[]' ˛ F∂n-ßs Ah- n-∂n-cp∂p F∂-Xnv [mcmfw sXfn-hp-Ifp-≠v. `mc- - tcm-lW {Ia-Øn¬ {]tbmKn-°-s∏-´p. X-Øn¬ ne-n-∂p-t]m-∂n-cp∂ AXn-{]m-No--Iem ]ucm-WnI Imew apX¬°p≈ Cu kwKoX kwkvIm-csØ kzmwio-I-cn-bv°m≥ Bcy-∑m¿ ]mc-º-cysØ am¿Kn kwKoXw F∂pw, Ime- Xøm-dmbn. Aßns `mc-X-Øn-ep-S-ofw `cXapn- Ønpw tZi-Ønpw Ap-k-cn-®v, `mc-X-Øns‚ bpsS mSy- i m- k v { Xw, aXw- K s‚ _rl- t ±- i o, hnhn[ {]tZ- i - ß fn¬ hyXykv X coXn- b n¬ kmcß tZhs‚ kwKoX cXvm-Icw apX-emb AXmXv kwkvImcw Dƒs°m-≠v, Xn-a-tbm-sS, {KŸ- ß sf ASn- ÿ m- - a m°n kwKo- X hpw DƒXn-cn-™p-h∂ {]mtZ-inI kwKoX k{º-Zm- rØhpw Htc kc-Wn-bn¬ hf¿∂p hnI-kn-®p. - 15 -
  • 16. Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012 ]n¬°m-eØv apKƒ cmPm-°-∑m-cpsS B{I- a-W-hpw, t]¿jy, CuPn-]vXv, Atd_y XpS-ßnb tZi-ß-fp-am-bp≈ kº¿°hpw nanØw hntZi kwKo-X-Øns‚ kzm[o--Øm¬ DØ-tc-¥y-bn¬ Hcp {]tXyI kwKoX kcWn DS-se-Sp-Øp. XXv^- e-ambn GI-tZiw 14-˛mw q‰m-t≠msS `mc-Xob kwKoXw lnμp-ÿmo kwKo-X-sa∂pw I¿Wm- SI kwKo-X-sa∂pw c≠p imJ-I-fmbn ]ncn-™p. ]me-°m´v cma `mK-h-X¿ ˛ I¬∏mØn Ipw`m-`n-tjIw 1957 DØ-tc-¥y≥ kwKoXw ˛ F.-Un. kwKo-XsØ hnap-‡-am-°n, AXnv Hcp P-Iob ]›n-ta-jy-bn¬ n∂pw hnhn[ Ime-ß-fn- kz`mhw ]I¿∂p. ep-≠mb sshtZ-inI B{I-a-W-Øn≥ ^e-ambn 10 Ym´p-Ifpw Ah-bpsS D]-hn-`m-K-ß-fmb DØc `mc-XØn¬ cq]w {]m]n® Iem kmwkv°m- - cmK-ßfp-amWv Cu kwKoX k{º-Zm-bØnv B[m- - - cnI kwtbm-Pw Fusion A.D 12-˛mw q‰m-t≠msS cw. Imew, kabw F∂n-hsb _‘-s∏-Sp-Øn-bp≈ A∂p ne-hn-en-cp∂ `mc-Xob kwKoX kwkv°m- cmK-ß-fpsS {]tbmKw lnμp-ÿmn kwKoX c-Øn¬ n∂pw hn`n-∂-am-bn, Gsd khn-ti-j-X- k{º-Zm-b-Øns‚ Hcp khn-ti-j-X-bm-Wv. {Zp]Zv I-tfmsSbp≈ Hcp kwKoX kwkv°mcambn amdn. Jym¬, Tpavcn F∂nh ]c-º-cm-K-X-ambn ]mSn-h- EIv, kmaw F∂o thZ-ß-fnse {ipXn-n-_-≤-amb cp∂ kwKoX cq]-ß-fm-Wv. I¿°-i-amb nb-a- at{¥m-®m-c-W-ß-fn¬ n∂pw ]cn-W-an® `mc-Xob ß-fn¬ A[n-jvTn-X-amb {Zp]Zv kwKoXw 15-˛mw kwKo-Xw, t]¿jy≥ kwKo-X-Øn-s‚-bpw, Aao¿ q‰m-≠n¬ Kzmfn-tbm¿ `cn-®n-cp∂ am≥knßv Ip{kp XpS-ßnb kq^n kwKo-X-⁄-cp-tS-bpw, tXma¿ alm-cm-Pm-hns‚ ImeØv Bhn¿`-hn-®-Xm- apKƒ N{I-h¿Øn-am-cpsS kwKoX kZ- nse sW∂v hniz-kn-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. Aao¿ Ip{ºp-hns‚ Sm≥k≥ apX- e mb kwKo- X - ⁄ - c p- t Sbpw Ime-ØmWv "Jym¬' kwKoXw Bcw-`n-®Xv. {]tbm- - sshjvWh kym-kn-am-cpsS Io¿Ø-ßfp-tSbpw - - K-Øns‚ hyXymkw Ap-k-cn®v tOm´m Jym¬, kzm[o- - Ø m¬ cmK- ˛ - X mf n_- ≤ - a mb Hcp _Sm-Jym¬ F∂n-ßs c≠v D]-hn-`m-K-ß-fp-≠v. hyXykvX kwKoX ka-z-b-ambn amdn. XpS¿∂v GXm≠v 160 sIm√-߃°p apºmWv eIvu-hn¬ DS-se-SpØ kwKoX k{º-Zm-b-amWv C∂sØ "Tpadn'bpsS D¤- h w. Jam- P v , ss`chn ]oep, lnμp-ÿmn kwKo-Xw. 1900-˛mw am≠n¬ hnjvWp _nwπmkn F∂o cmK-ß-fn¬ A[n-Ihpw Ah-X- mcm-b-W≥ `mSv Jt≠ lnμp-ÿmn kwKo-X- cn-∏n-bv°-s∏-Sp∂ irwKm-c-ck {][m--amb Tpa- Øns‚ cmK k{º-Zm-bsØ hnhn[ Ym´p-I-fm°n dnbv°v _m-d-kv, ]©m-_v, eIvu F∂o 3 ({I-am-p-k-c-W-ambn hcp∂ kzc-k-aq-lw) Nn´-s∏- ssien (L-cm-) Ifp-≠v. ]©m-_n, lnμn F∂o Sp-Øn. AXnp ap≥]v cmK-˛-cm-KnWn hyhÿ-bm- `mj- I ƒ Ie¿∂ mS≥ ssien- b n¬ 18- ˛ mw bn-cp∂p D≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. `m´v Jt≠-bpsS ka-Im- q‰m≠p apX¬ t{]a KoX-߃ ]mSn t]mcp∂ en-Ipw A‘-p-amb hnjvWp- Zn-K-º¿ ]ep- coXn-bmWv T∏. (DZm: loc-cm-©) Tpavdn t]mep≈ kv I m¿, Xm≥ emtlm- d n¬ 1901- ˛ ¬ ÿm]n® as‰mcp kwKoX cq]-amWv Zm{Z. Xmf-s®m-√p-Isf Km‘¿h alm-hn-Zym-eb kwKoX ]mT-im-e-bn-eq- Dƒs∏-SpØn Jym¬ kwKo-X-Øn¬ n∂v DƒØn- sS, cmP-Iob sIm´m-cßfn¬ am{Xw HXpßn n∂n- - - cn™v 14-˛mw q‰m-≠n¬ cq]m-¥-c-s∏´ as‰mcp cp∂ hnhn[ "Lcm-I-fn¬ n∂v DØ-tc-¥y≥ kwKo-X-cq-]-as{X "Xcm'. - 16 -
  • 17. Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012 Xangv kwKoX ]mc-ºcyw X-Øns "]ssd' F∂pw am-knI D√m-k-Øn- {]mNo Imew apX¬°p Xs∂ Xangv mbn D]-tbm-Kn-°s∏-Sp-∂Xns "bmgv' As√-¶n¬ - - m´n¬ hfsc hnImkw {]m]n® Hcp kwKoX "]¨' F∂n-ß-s-bm-Wv hn`-Pn-bv°-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂- ]≤Xn ne-hn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xm-bn, {InkvXp-h¿jw Xv. 2˛mw q‰m-≠n-ep≠mbXv F∂p Icp-X-s∏-Sp∂ 7,8,9 F∂o q‰m-≠p-Isf tXhm-cw, Znhy-{]- ""Nne-∏-Xn-Imcw'' F∂ Xangv Imhy-Øn¬ n∂pw _‘w F∂o Znhy kvtXm{X-ß-fpsS Ime-L-´- a- n-em-°m≥ km[n-°pw. Cu ]≤-Xn°v `c-Xs‚ ambn Icp-Xmw. Xncp-m-h-°-c-i¿, Xncp-⁄m mSy-imkv{Xw XpS-ßnb kwkvIrX {KŸ-ß-fn¬ kw_-v[¿, kpμ-c-aq¿Øn mb-m¿ ˛ mb≥am¿ ImWp∂ `mc-Xob kwKo-X-hp-ambn ASn-ÿm F∂o 3 ssih aX kymknamcmWv tXhmc XØz-ß-fn¬ kmZr-iy-ap-s≠-¶nepw kmt¶-XnI kvtXm{X-߃ cNn-®-Xv. 24 hnhn[ "]¨' Ifn-em- ma-IcWßfnepw coXn-Ifnepw hyXymkw ImWp- - - - - - bmWv Ch-bpsS kwKoXw. AXn-{]m-No cmK-ß- ∂p. BZyw ]¥o-cm-bncw cmK-߃ D≠m-bn-cp-∂- fn¬ H∂mb taml--cm-K-Øns‚ {]tbmKw I≠p- Xmbpw ]n¬°m-eØv Ah Npcpßn 103 ]¨Iƒ h- c p- ∂ Xv CtX ImeL´- Ø n¬ Xs∂ cNn® (ap-Jy-cmK-߃) Bb-Xmbpw ImWp-∂p. ]nwKf as‰mcp ssih-aX kym-kn-bmb amWn°yhmNn- nL-≠p....-t]m-ep≈ {]mNo {KŸ-ß-fn¬ hnh- I¿ cNn® "Xncp-hm-NIw' F∂ kvtXm{X-ß-fn-em- cn-®p-Im-Wp∂ ]¨I-fn¬ A¥m-fn, hcm-Sn, ]©- Wv . GXm≠v CtX Ime- L - ´ - Ø n- e mWv 12 aw, [m-{in, C¥-fw, Km‘m-cw, Iuin-Iw, {ioIm- sshjvWh kym-kn-am¿ (Bgvhm¿) mem-bncw a-cw apX-emb {]mNo cmK-߃ A¤p-X-sa∂p Znhy-{]-_‘w F∂ sshjvWh kvtXm{X-߃ ]d-bs´ tIc-f-Øns‚ X-Xmb IqSn-bm-´-Ønepw cNn®Xv. am¿Kgn amk-ß-fn¬, Xangv m´n¬ {]`m- IY-I-fn-bnepw {]tbm-K-Øn-ep-≠v. X-Øn¬ ]mSn hcp∂ Cu KmßfpsS tiJ-csØ {]mNo Xangv kwKoX ]≤Xn "h´-∏msse' "Xncp-∏mssh' F∂p hnfn-bv°p-∂p. `mc-X-Ønse F∂mWv Adn-b-s∏-´n-cp-∂-Xv. Cu k{º-Zm-b-Øn¬ hmt§b Imc-∑m¿°n-S-bnse BZy hnX F∂ 12 kzc-ßsf 12 {Kl-ß-fp-ambn kwtbm-Pn-∏n-®n-cn- ]Zhn e`n® B≠mƒ Cu sshjvW kym-kn- bv°p-∂Xmbn ImWp-∂p. k]vXkz-c߃ jUvPw, - - - am-cn¬ Dƒs∏-Sp-∂p. F.-Un. 15˛mw q‰m-≠n¬ Pohn- cnj-`w, Km‘m-cw, a≤y-aw, ]©-aw, ss[h-Xw, ®n-cp∂ {]kn≤ hmt§b Imc-mWv AcpW Kncn- njm[w ˛ kcn-K-a-]-[-n˛ {]mNo Xangv kwKoX m-Y≥; hnhn[ Xmf k{º-Zm-b-ßsf Dƒs°m- ]≤- X n- b n¬ Ggp kzc- ß ƒ°v Ipd¬, Xp{Sw, ≈n®v apcp-Is {]Io¿Øn®v At±lw cNn® Km- ssI°n-ssf, Dssg, Xpfn, hnem-cn, Xmcw F∂o k-ap-®-b-amWv Xncp-∏p-Iƒ. 15˛mw q‰m-≠n¬ Pohn- t]cp-Ifn-emWv Adn-bs∏-´n-cp-∂Xv F∂v 8˛mw q‰m- - - - ®n-cp∂ Acp-Wm-Ne Ihncmb¿, apØp-Xm-WvU- ≠n¬ cNn® "Xnhm-Icw' F∂ Xangv nL-≠p- h¿, amcn-ap-Øp-∏nss≈ F∂o Xangv aq¿Øn-IfmWv- hn¬ ImWp-∂p. C∂p ne-hn-ep≈ ma-I-cW Xangv kwKo-X-Øns‚ a‰p D]-⁄m-Xm-°ƒ. ]≤-Xnbv°v 800 sIm√sØ ]g-°-ta-bp-≈p. tIcf kwKoXw ]gb Xangv kwKoX kwkv°m-c-Øn¬ ne- tIc-f-Ønp X-Xmb Hcp kwKoX ]mc-º- n-∂n-cp∂ hnhn[ kwKoX ]≤-Xn-I-sf-°p-dn®v cy-apt≠m F∂ tNmZyw ]WvUn-X¿ nc-h[n {]Xn- ] m- Z n- b v ° p∂ `mjm imkv { X- { K- Ÿ - a mWv XhW Db¿Øn-bn-´p-≠v. kzmXn-Xn-cp-mƒ alm- kwL-Ime L´-Ønse "sXm¬°m-∏nbw'. CXn¬ cm-Pm-hns‚ kwKoX cN--Iƒ°p apºv tIc-f- sXmgn¬]-c-ambn {]tbm-Kn-°-s∏-Sp∂ hmZy-kw-Ko- Øn¬ imkv{Xob kwKoXØnv bmsXmcp ASn- - 17 -
  • 18. Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012 Ø-dbpw D≠m-bn-cp-∂ney Fs∂mcp sX‰n-≤m-c- ]m´p ne-n-∂n-cp-∂p. `{Z-Im-fn-∏m´v, k¿∏w ]m´v, W-t]mepw ae-bm-fn-Iƒ°n-S-bn¬ ne-n¬°p-∂p K‘¿h≥ ]m´v F∂nh Nne DZm-l-cWw am{Xw. F∂Xv XnI®pw tJZ-I-c-am-Wv. hmkvX-h-Øn¬ _p≤-aX ssP-aX {]`m-h-ß-fm¬ F.-Un. 4˛mw I¿Æm- S I kwKo- X - Ø ns‚ B- h n¿`m- h - Ø np q‰m-≠n-p-tijw t£{X-ß-fn¬ D’-hm-tLmj ap≥]p-Xs∂ ChnsS (tI-c-f-Øn¬) hyh-ÿm-]n- thf-bn¬ kwKo-X-Ønpw rØ-Ønpw IqSp-X¬ X-amb Hcp kwKo-X-]m-c-ºcyw ne-n-∂n-cp-∂p. {]m[myw ssIh-∂p. ]n∂oSv `‡n {]ÿm-- tIc-f-Ønse t£{X-ß-fn¬ XnI®pw tIc-fo-b- Øns‚ Bcw-`-tØmsS ssih sshjvWh kym- amb hmZy-hr-μ-ß-fpsS AI-º-Sn-tbmsS ]mSp∂ kn- a m¿ tIc- f - Ø nse {][m t£{X- ß ƒ ""sIm´n-∏m-Sn-tkh'' apX-emb kwKoX coXn-Iƒ kμ¿in-°p-Ibpw kvXpXn-Ko-X-߃ (tX-hm-cw, [mcm- f - a mbn D≠m- b n- c p- ∂ p. t£{X- ß - f n¬ Xncp- h m- b v s am- g n) cNn- b v ° p- I bpw ]mSpIbpw kwkvIrX mS-I-ßsf CXn hrØ-am°n Ah-X- sNbvXp. F.-Un. 12˛mw q‰m≠p apX¬ Pb-tZ-h- cn-∏n-bv°p∂ IqSn-bm-´-Øn¬ "aqV≥ {ioI-WvTn, cpsS KoXm-tKm-hnμw hnhn[ tZi-ß-fn¬ {]mtZ- sXm≠m¿, C¥-fw, thfm-[pfn apX-emb Ccp-]- inI kwKo-X-cq-]-ambn ]cn-W-an-®p. tXmfw ]pcm-X {ZmhnU cmK-߃ D]-tbm-Kn-®n- Npcp- ° - Ø n¬ Xan- g n¬ "HmSp- h m- ° ƒ', cp- ∂ p. ]qPm ka- b - ß - f n¬ tZho tZh- ∑ msc "tImhn¬ ]m´v' F∂ t]cn-e-dn-b-s∏-´n-cp∂ t£{X- {]Io¿Øn®v ]mSp∂ sIm´n- ∏ mSn tkh- b n¬ ß-fn¬ ]mSn-bn-cp∂ tXhm-chpw, Bgvhm¿am¿ ]mSn- - tNßn-e, Ce-Øm-fw, CSbv° F∂n-ß-s-bp≈ bn-cp∂ "Xncp-hm--bvsam-gnbpw'kwkvIrX t«mIw XXp hmZy-ß-fp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Btcm-l-Wm-h-tcm- ]mS¬ XymWn F∂n-h-bn-eqsS IS∂v Pb-tZ-h- l-W-{I-a-Øn-ep≈ iwJp-hnfn H´pan° t£{X-ß- cpsS AjvS-]-Znbpw Dƒs°m≠v tIc-f-Ønse fnepw ]qPmZn I¿Ω-ß-fpsS Ahn-`mPy LS-I-am- t£{X-ß-fn¬ amcm-∑m¿ CS-bv°-bpsS AI-º-Sn- Wv. {iotIm-hn-ens‚ S-bSbv°p∂ ka-bØv Xr∏- - - tbmsS sNm√p∂ sIm´n- ∏ mSn tkh AYhm Sn-bpsS (tkm-]m-w) hiw tN¿∂v hS-t°m´p tkm]m kwKo-X-ambn hf¿∂p. Xncn™p n∂v CSbv° sIm´n amcm¿ BZyw {Xnÿm kzc-ßfpw (k,-],k) XpS¿∂v KW-]Xn XymWn, tXhm-cw, Xncp-hmbvsamgn F∂o ssIbpw ]mSn-b-Xn-p-tijw {]tXyI cmK-Øn¬ imJ-I-fn¬ ImW-s∏-Sp∂ {]mNo Xangv cmK-ß- {][m aq¿Ønsb {]Io¿Øn®v "XymWn' ]mSp- fmb tIZmcKuU, ]¥phcm-Sn, mY-m-a-{In, ∂p. ka-b-t`Zap-k-cn®v sNmt√≠ cmK-ß-fpsS Imtam-Z-cn, Fcn-°ne Imtam-Z-cn XpS-ßnb cmK- ]´n-I-X-s∂-bp-≠v. ßfpw Pb-tZ-h-cpsS AjvS-]-Zn-bn¬ I≠p-h-cp∂ DØ-tc-¥y≥ cmK-ß-fmb ss`c-hn, kucmjv{Sw Dj ]qPbv°v ˛ tZim-£n, {ioIWvTn F∂n-hbpw tIm´bw Xºp-cms‚ cma-m-´-Øn¬ ]¥o-cSn ]qPbv°v ˛ ae-lcn ka-÷-k-ambn ktΩ-fn-®n-cn-bv°p-∂Xp ImWmw. D® ]qPbv°v ˛ Bln-cn, `q]mfw IqSmsX GIw, Nº, sNº-S, {Xn]p-S, AS-¥, apdn- Zo]m-cm-[-bv°v ˛ kma¥ ae-lcn b-S¥ apX-emb Xmf-ß-fpsS {]tbm-Khpw ImW- AØmg ]qPbv°v s∏-Sp-∂p. {]tZmj k‘ym-]q-Pbv°v ˛ A¥mfo F∂n-ß- cma-m-´-Øn¬ n∂v DƒØn-cn-™p-h∂ IY- s. Ifn kwKo-X-Øn-se-Øp-tºmƒ `‡n-`m-h-Ønp Bcy≥am-cpsS A[n-n-th-i-Ønp apºp- ]pdsa a‰p ]e ck- ß ƒ D±o- ] n- ∏ n- b v ° m≥ Xs∂ tIc-fØnse Imhp-Ifnepw XdI-fnepw Ifw- - - kμ¿t`m-Nn-X-ambn cmK-ßsf k∂n-th-in-∏n-®n-cn- - 18 -
  • 19. - 19 - 87654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 87654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 87654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 87654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 87654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 Sÿfb kdçJfw vfÿgX nYfTgÿleCx. 87654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 87654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 87654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 87654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 87654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 iChlfTx vfabofòª aceokX 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F. PeP h¿Ω : Imen-°‰v k¿Δ-I-em-im-e-bnse kwKoX hn`mKw AXo-X-am-Wv. bn-cp-∂p. bp- ∂ - X mhpw icn. AXv Ime tZim- Z n- I ƒ°v Hcp kwKoX ]mc-ºcyw tIc-f-Øn¬ kº-∂-am- mZ-Øn¬ n∂v kwKo-Xhpw ]nd-∂p F∂p ]d- Dcp- Ø n- c n™p h∂ khn- t i- j - X - b m¿∂ Zn- b m- W v . {]]©w D¤- h n- ® - t ∏mƒ mZhpw kwKoX kwkv°mcßfpsS Iq´m-bva-bn¬ n∂pw ]m›m-Xy-am-I-s´, efn-X-am-I-s´, kwKoXw Am- F∂n- ß - s . CØ- c - Ø n¬ {]mtZ- i n- I - a mb Xhpw I¿Wm-S-I-am-Is´, lnμp-ÿm-n-bm-I-s´, F∂nh timI-Ønv, hm’-ey-Ønv oemw-_cn {X-Ønp ]¶p-s≠∂p ImWmw. GsXmcp kwKo- hoc-Ønv Imtam-Z-cn, apJm-cn, ]p∂m-K-h-cmSn tc-¥y-bn-em-Is´ kwKo-X-Øns‚ D¤-h-Øn¬ Ncn- i¶-cm-`-cWw, I√ymWn F∂nh irwKm-c-Øn-v, tIc-f-Øn-em-I-s´, Xangv m´n-em-I-s´, DØ- °p- ∂ - X mbn ImWmw. DZm- l - c - W - Ø nv Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012
  • 20. Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012 kwKoX {Xnaq¿Øn-I-fpsS ap≥Km-an-Iƒ tUm. `ph-t-izcn Pn. ]e q‰m-≠p-I-fn-em-bn, ]c-º-cm-K-X-ambn n¬°p∂ {ioIrjvW `K-hms {]Io¿Øn-°p∂ BN-cn®p hcp∂ Hcp kwKoX k{º-Zm-b-am-Wv "{ioIrjvW kvXpXn-Iƒ' XpS-ßnbh {Xnaq¿Øn- ""I¿Æm-SI kwKoXw''. Cßs BN-cn-®p-h∂ I-fpsS ap≥Im-e-L-´-Ønse mgnI I√m-Wv. kwKoX k{º-Zm-b-Øns‚ ]cn-Wm-a-amWv 18-˛mw kwKoX {Xnaq¿Øn-I-fpsS ap≥]v Pohn-®n-cp- q‰m-≠n¬ kwKoX {Xnaq¿Øn-I-fmb XymK-cm-P- ∂-Xpw, kwKoX imJbv°v Aaqey kw`m-h--Iƒ kzm-an, apØp-kzman Zo£n-X¿, iyma-imkv{Xn ¬In-bn-´p-≈-h-cp-amb hmt§-b-Im-c-∑m-tcbpw, cN- F∂n-h-cpsS BK-a-w. Cu Ime-L-´-sØ-bmWv bn-Xm-°-tfbpw ChnsS hni-I-ew sNømw. I¿Æm-SI kwKo-X-Øns‚ ""kph¿Æ Ime-L´w'' F∂v hnti-jn-∏n-®n-cp-∂-Xv. "I¿Æm-SI kwKoXw' 12-˛mw q‰m≠p apX¬ 17-˛mw q‰m≠p hsc- AXns‚ AXyp-∂-X-bn-te°v FØn-t®¿∂Xpw bmWv Z£n-tW-¥y-bn¬ `‡n-{]-ÿmw {]Nm-c- Cu ka-b-Øm-Wv. Øn-en-cp-∂Xv. Ime-{I-a-Øn¬ C¥ybne-tßmf-an- kwKoX {Xnaq¿Øn-I-fpsS Ime-L-´-Ønp ap≥]p-Xs∂ {]kn-≤-cmb ]e hmt§-b-Im-c-∑m- cpw, cN-bn-Xm-°fpw D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Ch-cn¬ ]ecpw Ah-cpsS hnhn[ kwKoX cq]-ß-fn¬°qSn CjvS- tZ-h-X-Isf {]Io¿Øn-°p-I-bpw, AXn-eqsS Ah- cpsS D≈n¬ nd- ™ n- c p∂ `‡n˛ AXm- b Xv Pohmflm ˛ ]c-amfl _‘sØ {]Im-in-∏n-°p- Ibpw sNbvXn-cp-∂p. "a[p--c`‡n'bn¬ ebn-°p∂ kwkvIrX `mj- - bnse alm- I m- h y- a mb Pb- t Z- h - c psS "KoXm tKmhnμ-w', teme a[p-c-amb sXep¶p `mj-bn¬ cNn-®n-´p≈ Xmf-∏m°w A∂-am-Nm-cy-cpsS IrXn- Iƒ ]pc-μcZm-k-cpsS "tZh¿m-a-߃' Acp-Wm- Ne Ihn-bp-sS "cma-m-SIw' F∂ kwKo-X-Øn¬ tIm¿Øn-W-°nb IY "cma-m-SI Io¿Ø--߃', `{Zm-New cma-Zm-k-cpsS `‡n n¿`-c-amb Io¿Ø- -߃, mcm-bW Xo¿∞-cpsS kwkvIrX `mj- bn-ep≈ IrjvW-eoem Xcw-KnWn F∂ kwKoX mS-Iw, irwKm-c-ck {][m--amb `‡n-tbm-Sp-Iq- Sn-bp≈ t£{X-PvRcpsS sXep¶p ]Z-߃, apØp- - Xm- W v U - h - c psS Xangv ]Z- ß ƒ, DuØp- ° mSv sh¶nS kp∫- ø - c psS ¿Ø cq]- Ø n¬ - 20 -
  • 21. Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012 tßmfw `‡n-bpsS ckw ]c-Øp-hm≥ `‡n-{]- k-‘-X-t]m-ep≈ aqey-߃. Chsb Db¿Øn-°m- ÿmw apJy-]-¶p-h-ln-®p. Wn-°p-∂-h-bmWv "Xncp-∏p-Igv t«mI-ß-fpsS' D≈- 12-˛mw q‰m-≠n¬ Hdo -bnse "Inμp-_n¬hw' S-°w. F∂ {Kma-Øn-emWv Pb-tZ-h¿ Pn-®-Xv. Ct±-l- 15˛mw q‰m-≠n-emWv Xmf-∏m°w A∂-am- Øns‚ kwKoX temI-tØ-°p≈ A-iz-c-amb Nmcy Xncp-∏-Xn-bn¬ Pn-®-Xv. BZn i¶-c-cpsS kw`m-h--bmWv "KoXm-tKm-hnμw' F∂ kwKoX AssZzX kn≤m-¥-ßsf ]n≥Xp-S¿∂ Hcp IpSpw- rØ-m-S-Iw. Cu Imhyw 12 k¿§-ß-fn-embn hn`- _-Øn-emWv At±lw Pn-®-Xv. `P ]≤-Xn-bpsS Pn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. DØa kwkvIrX `mj-bnepw Ae- ]mc-º-cy-Ønv XpS-°-an-´Xv A∂-am-Nm-cy-cpsS ¶m-c-ß-tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bp-amWv Nn´-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂- IrXn- I - f m- W v . Pb- t Z- h - c psS Ajv S - ] - Z n- b n¬ Xv. Chsb "AjvS-]Zn' F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. CXnse ImWp∂ coXn-bn-ep≈ Bcm-[ ˛ Pohmfl ˛ Hmtcm Km-߃°pw 8 Nc-W-߃ D≠v. IqSmsX ]c-amflm `‡n-bmWv A∂-am-Nm-cy-cpsS IrXn-I- "Pb-tZh' F∂ Ihn-ap-{Zbpw D≠v. a[p-c`‡n-bmWv - - fpsS D≈-S-°w. Ct±-l-Øns‚ kw`m-h--Iƒ (Po-hm-fl-˛-]-c-amfl _‘w) AjvS-]-Zn-I-fn¬ IqSn F√mw-Xs∂ hnjvWp `K-hms {]Io¿Øn-®p-sIm- {]I-S-am-°p-∂-Xv. ≠p-≈hbm-Wv. Ct∏mƒ ne-hn-ep≈ kwKoX cq]- - - 14˛mw q‰m-≠nse Hcp henb inh-`-‡pw ß-fnse ]√-hn, Ap-]-√-hn, NcWw F∂ hn`- hmt§-bIm-cp-am-bn-cp∂p apØp-Xm-WvUh¿. t∂ - - - Pw A∂-am-Nm-cy-cmWv Bhn-jv°-cn-®-Xv. sNdp-∏-Øn¬Øs∂ Ct±lw Hcp Ihn-bm-bn-cp- ∂p. Ct±lw Hcp Dƒhn-fn-bpsS {]tNm-Z--Øn¬ NnZw-_c S-cmP k∂n-[n-bn¬ sN∂p. AhnsS sh®v BZy-IrXn ""`qtemI ssIem-k-Kncn NnZw- _cw'' F∂ ]Zw cNn-®p. At±-l-Øns‚ hfsc {]ikvXn tSnb as‰mcp ]Z-am-Wv ""Acp-a-cp- s¥mcp Xn-a-cp¥v Aº-etØ It≠t''˛ (Imw- t_mPn cmKw ˛ cq]-I-Xm-fw) F∂ IrXn. Ct±lw Xangv ]Z-߃ cNn-°p-∂-Xn¬ A{K-K-Wymb Hcp hmt§-b-Im-c-m-bn-cp-∂p. 15˛mw q‰m-≠n¬ Pohn-®n-cp∂ ""Xncp-∏p-Igv kvtXm{X-߃'' cNn®v kwKoX temI-tØ°v Aaqey kw`m-h sNbvXn-´p≈ Hcp alm ]WvUn- X-pw, kwKoX⁄p-am-bn-cp∂p ""Acp-W-Kn-cn-m- Y¿''. j¨ap-Js {]Io¿Øn-®p-sIm-≠p≈ Xan- gvIr-Xn-Iƒ, Akm-[m-cW Xmf-ß-fn-emWv Nn´-s∏- Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. hnhn[ hrØ-ß-fn¬ IrXn- Iƒ cNn-°p-hm-p≈ ]mWvUnXyw IW-°m°n Ct±-l-Ønv "Nμ-∏m-h-e-s]-cp-am≥' F∂ _lp-a- Xnbpw sImSp- Ø n- ´ p- ≠ v . ssZhoI Bcm- [ - bv°pap]-cn-bm-Wv oXn-ymb hyh-ÿ, kXy- - 21 -
  • 22. Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012 15˛mw q‰m-≠n-emWv ]pc-μcZm-kcpsS BK- - Ign-hp-≠m-bn-cp∂p t£{X-⁄¿°v. At±lw ]Z- a- w. Ct±lw I¿Æm- S I kwÿm- - Ø nse ß-fn¬ D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cn-°p∂ cmK-ß-fmb ˛ ss`c- "]μ¿]q¿' F∂ {Kma-Øn-emWv Pn-®Xv. Ct±lw - hn, I√ym-Wn, Imwt_m-Pn, tXmSn, kmth-cn, i¶- hymk-cm-bcpsS injy-m-bn-cp-∂p. Ct±lw I∂S - cm-`-c-Ww, _nelcn F∂o {][m cmK-ß-fn-epw, `mj-bn-epw, kwkvIr-XØnepw [mcmfw IrXn-Iƒ - IqSmsX A]q¿Δ-cm-K-ß-fmb ssk‘-ho, JWvU cNn-®n-´p-≠v. I¿Æm-SI kwKo-XØns‚ ASn-ÿm- - XpS- ß n- b - h - b nepw ]Z- ß ƒ cNn- ® n- ´ p- ≠ v. -amb kcfn hcn-»Iƒ, [m´p-hcn-»Iƒ, PWvU - - - Imwt_mPn At±-l-Øns‚ {]nb-s∏´ cmK-am-bn- hcn-»-Iƒ XpS-ßnb ]mTy-]-≤Xn Ct±-l-amWv cp-∂p. timIw, `‡n, irwKm-cw, B-μw, ]p—w, Bhn-jv°cn-®Xv. AXn-m¬ Ct±lw ""I¿Æm-SI - - hntZz-jw, Akq-b apX-emb hnIm-c-ßsf Ah- kwKoX ]nXm-al≥'' F∂ t]cn¬ Adn-bs∏-Sp∂p. - bpsS ]mc-ay-X-bn-epw, hyXkvX coXn-bnepw ]Z- ß-fn¬°qSn {]I-S-am-°n-bn-´p-≠v. t£{X-⁄-cpsS 17˛mw q‰m-≠n¬ Pohn-®n-cp∂ Hcp henb ]Z-߃ rØm-`n--b-Ønv DØ-a-am-b-h-bm-Wv. hmt§-bIm-cmWv t£{X-⁄¿. Ct±lw Bv{[m- - - AXn--p-tbm-Py-amb {Xn]pS Xmf-Øn-emWv an°- {]-tZ-inse "aqh-]pcn' F∂ {Kma-Øn-emWv Pn- ]-Z-ßfpw Nn´-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≈-Xv. Ct±lw X©m- ®-Xv. sXep¶p ]Z-Øns‚ ]nXm-a-lm-mWv t£{X- hq- c nse hnP- b - c m- L - h - m- b Iv cmPm- h ns ⁄¿. a[p-c-`-‡n-bm-Wv t£{X-⁄-cpsS ]Z-ß- {]Io¿Øn-®p-sIm≠v A©p ]Z-߃ cNn-®n-´p- fpsS kmcmw-iw. efn-X-amb sXep-¶v-˛-kw-kvIrX ≠v. Ahsb "hnP-b-cm-L-h-]-©-cXvw' F∂-t]- `mj-bn¬ cNn-®hbmWv t£{X-⁄]Z߃. Pohn- - - - - - cn¬ Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. X-Øn¬ hcp∂ F√m kμ¿`-߃°pw Ap-tbm- Py-amb ]Z-߃ cNn-°p-hm-p≈ Akm-am-y-amb 17˛mw q‰m-≠n¬ X©m-hq-cn¬ Pohn-®n-cp∂ {iom-cm-bW Xo¿∞¿ ˛ ""IrjvW eoem-X-cw- KnWn'' F∂ kwKoX mS-I-Øns‚ D]-⁄m-Xm- hm-Wv. hfsc sNdp-∏-Øn¬ Xs∂ kwKo-X-Øn- epw, rØ-Ønepw ss]pWyw tSn-bn-cp-∂p. Ct±-lsØ Pb-tZ-h-cpsS Hcp ]p¿P-∑-am-sW∂p ]d-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. {ioIr-jvW-eo-em-X-cw-KnWn 12 k¿§-ßfmbn Xcw-Xn-cn-®n-´p-≠v. CXn¬ 147 Io¿Ø- - -ß-fpw, 267 t«mI-ß-fpw, 39 KZy-ßfpw AS-ßn- bn-´p-≠v. {ioaXv `mK-h-XsØ kwKoX cq]-Øn¬ tIm¿Øn-W°n kwKoX rØ-cq-]-ambn Nn´-s∏- Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. CXn¬ `K-hm≥ {ioIr-jvWs‚ P- w, _me-eo-e hntmZw XpSßn cp‹nWn kzbw- hcw hsc o≠p-n¬°p-∂-h-bm-Wv Cu kam-lm- cw. Ct±-l-Øns‚ IrXn-Iƒ Ip®n-∏pSn rØ-Øn- epw, `mK-hXtaf mS-Ißfnepw D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂p. - - - - 17˛mw q‰m-≠n¬ Pohn-®n-cp∂ as‰mcp alm- `-‡pw kwKo-X-⁄-p-amWv {io`-{Zm-New cma- Zm-kv. Ct±lw B{‘m-{]-tZ-in¬ sKm¬s°m-≠- - 22 -
  • 23. Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012 kwkvIr-X-Ønepw sXep-¶nepw ]Z-߃ cNn-®n- ´p-≠v. Ct±lw qdn¬]cw ]Z-߃ cNn-®n-´p-≠v. {ioIr-jvW-`-K-hms {]Io¿Øn-°p-∂-h-bmWv an°-]-Z-ß-fpw. 18˛mw q‰m-≠n¬, {Xnaq¿Øn-Iƒ°p ap≥]v Pohn-®n-cp∂ Hcp Xangv cN-bn-Xm-hm-bn-cp∂p {ioam- cn-apØp]nss≈. NnZw-_cØn-SpØv "Xnss√-hn- SwKw' F∂ {Kma-Øn-emWv Pn-®-Xv. Ct±lw Hcp ssih-`-‡-m-bn-cp-∂p. t∂ sNdp-∏-Øn¬ Xs∂ Io¿Ø--߃ cNn-°p-hm-p≈ Ignhv In´n-bn-cp- ∂p. Ct±-l-Øns‚ kw`m-h--I-fn¬ "]p-en-bq¿ shº' F∂ {]_‘w Xangv m´n¬ {]kn-≤n- bm¿÷n® H∂mWv. 18˛mw q‰m-≠n¬ "Acp-Wm-Ne Ihn-cm-b¿' X©m-hq¿ Pn√-bnse "Xnss√-bSn' F∂ {Kma- Øn¬ Pn-®p. Ct±lw Xangv Ihn-bmb Iº-cpsS Iº-cm-am-b-W-Øn¬ {]mhoWyw tSn-bn-cp-∂p. Iº-cm-am-b-W-Øns‚ s]mcpƒ Dƒs°m-≈n-®p- sIm≠v cNn®XmWv "cma-m-SI Io¿Ø--߃'. taml cmK-Øn-ep≈ G≥ ]≈n sIm≠o-cø F∂ IrXn hfsc {]kn-≤-amb H∂mWv. Ct±-l- bn- e mWv Pn- ® - X v . Ct±lw I_o¿Zm- k ns‚ Ønv kzX-kn-≤-amb Ihn-Xm-hm-k--bp-≠m-bn-cp- {][m injy-pw, kwKo-XØns‚ imkv{Xob hi- - ∂p. "cma-m-SIw' IqSmsX io¿lmgn tImssh, ߃ a- n-em-°n-b-Xv, I_o¿ Zmk-cpsS ]°¬ io¿lm-gn-ÿe ]pcm-Ww, lp-am¿]nss≈ XpS- n∂p-amWv F∂mWv ]d-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. Ct±lw Hcp ßnbh a‰p kw`m-h--I-fm-Wv. "cma-m-SIw' km[m- XnI™ {iocm-a-`-‡-m-bn-cp-∂p. XmcI at{¥m- ]-tZiw I_o¿ Zmkv ¬In-bn-´p-≠v F∂pw Icp- cW°m¿°v a- n-em-°m≥ DX-Ip∂ coXn-bn¬ X-s∏-Sp-∂p. Ct±lw sXep-¶n¬ [mcmfw IrXn- hfsc efn-X-amb Xangv `mj-bn¬ cNn-®n-´p-≈-Xp- Iƒ cNn-®n-´p-≠v. Ct±-l-Øns‚ {]kn≤ IrXn-I- sIm≠v hfsc {]Nmcw tSn. fmWv "F∂-Km-p-cm-a-`-P' ]¥p-h-cm-fn-cm-Kw-˛-cq- 18˛mw q‰m-≠n¬ X©m-hq-cn¬ Pohn-®n-cp∂ ]-IXm-fw, ]ep-t°-_w-Kmc ˛ B-μss`-chn cmKw, - - kwKo-X-⁄-pw, hmt§-b-Im-cpw Hcp sshWnI BZn Xmfw, Ga-ø-cma ˛ Imwt_mPn cmKw ˛ hnZzm-p-am-bn-cp∂p {io ]®n-an-cnbw BZn-b-∏-ø. JWvU-Nm∏p Xmfw XpS-ßn-b-h. kwKoX {Xnaq¿Øn-I-fn¬ iymam imkv{Xn-bpsS apØp- X m- W v U - h - t c- t ∏mse ]Zw F∂ Kpcp-hp-am-bn-cp-∂p. kp{]-kn-≤-amb "hncn-t_mWn' kwKoX cq]-Øn¬ {]mhoWyw tSn-bn-cp∂ 17˛mw ˛ ss`chn AS-Xmf h¿Æ-Øns‚ D]-⁄m-Xm- q‰m-≠n¬ B{‘m-tZ-iØv Pohn-®n-cp∂ Hcp cN- hmWv. Ct±-l-Ønv Xmm-h¿Æ-am¿§-Z¿in F∂ bn-Xm-hm-bn-cp∂p {io kmcw-K-]m-Wn. Ct±lw _lp-a-Xnbpw In´n-bn-´p-≠v. - 23 -
  • 24. Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012 Xangv m´nse Xncp-hnssi s√q-cn¬ 18˛mw cpsS ]nXm-hm-Wv. Xan-gvm-´nse Im©o-]p-c-Øn-- q‰m-≠n¬ Pohn-®n-cp∂ Hcp kym-knbpw Ihn- Sp- Ø p≈ hncn- © n- ] pcw F∂ {Kma- Ø n- e mWv bp-am-bn-cp∂p {io kZm-inh {_t“-μ¿ kwkvIrX Ct±lw Pn-®-Xv. {iocm-a-kzman Zo£n-X-cpsS `mj-bn¬ [mcmfw Io¿Ø--߃ cNn-®n-´p-≠v. kwKoX temI-tØ-°p≈ hne-a-Xn-bv°m-m-hmØ Ah-bn¬ "amk k©-ctc' ˛ iyma-cm-Kw, "]n_- kw`m-h--bmWv 108 "cmK-Xmf amenI' (A-jvtSm- tc-cm-a-ckw' ˛ Bln¿ ss`c-hn, k¿Δw {_“- Øc iX- c m- K - a m- e nI) lwk- ≤ zn cmKtØ abw ˛ a[p-h-¥n, `Ptc tKm]mew ˛ lntμmfw kwKoX temI-tØbv°v ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øn-bXp F∂o Io¿Ø--߃ {]kn≤n tSn-b-h-bm-Wv. Ct±-l-am-Wv. Ct±lw IrXn-I-fn-eqsS thZm-¥w, XtØzm-]-tZiw cma-kzman Zo£n-X-cpsS ka-Im-en-I-m-bn- F∂n-hbv°v {]m[myw ¬In-bn-´p-≠v. cp∂p {io s]±e Kpcp-aq¿Øn imkv{Xn. Ct±lw XymK-cm-P-kzm-an, kzmXn-Xn-cp-mƒ alm-cm- Xan-gvm-´n¬ Xncp-∂¬th-en-bn¬ Pn-®p. Ct±lw Pmhv XpS-ßn-bhtc Xs‚ IrXn-IƒsIm≠v kzm[o- - KoXw F∂ kwKoX cq]-Øns‚ ]nXm-al≥ F∂p- n® Hcp cN-bn-Xm-hm-bn-cp∂p am¿§-Z¿in tij- ]d-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. 1000 KoX-߃ cNn-®n-´p≈ s]±e ø-¶m¿. Ct±-l-Øns‚ kwkvIrX `mj-bn-ep≈ Kpcp-aq¿Øn imkv{Xnbv°v "shbn-KoX' s]±e Kpcp ]mWvUnXyw ]n≥ImeL´-Øn¬ h∂ ]e-tcbpw aq¿Øn-imkv{Xn F∂ _lp-aXn ¬In-bn-´p-≠v. BI¿jn-®n-´p-≠v. kwKoX {Xnaq¿Øn-I-fpsS Ime-L-´-Ønp DuØp-°mSv sh¶nS kp∫-b¿ X©m-hq¿ ap≥]p≈ kwKo-XsØ hne-bn-cp-Øm-pw, Xmc-X- Pn√-bn¬ 18˛mw q‰m-≠n¬ Pohn-®n-cp-∂p. At±lw ay- s ∏- S p- Ø p- h mpw {]bm- k - a mWv . Imc- W w, {ioIrjvW `K-hms‚ XnI™ `‡-m-bn-cp-∂p. A∂sØ kml-N-cy-Øn¬, bYm¿-∞-Øn¬ cNn- GI- t Ziw 400 Io¿Ø- - ß - f pw, 9 hm- h - c W ®n- c p∂ kwKoX]mTw, kzc- s ∏- S p- Ø n- t bm, Io¿Ø--ßfpw Ct±lw cNn-®n-´p-≠v. lnμp-a-X- kq£nt®m sh®n-cp-∂n√m. IqSmsX A∂sØ Ønse H´pan° tZho tZh-∑m-sc-°p-dn®p IrXn- kwKo-X-]-Tw I¿Æ ]c-ºc- hgn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Iƒ cNn-®n-´p-≠v. "¿Ø--cq-]-Øn¬' n¬°p∂ kwKoX kwkv°m-c-tØ-bpw, aqey-tØbpw ne- {ioIrjvW `K-hm-s-°p-dn-®p≈ IrXn-IfmWv `qcn- - n¿Øn-bn-cp-∂-Xp-Xs∂ C{Xbpw _e-amb I¿Æ `mKhpw. Cu Io¿Ø--ß-fn¬ an°-Xnepw PXn-˛- ]c-º-c-bp-≈Xp sIm≠p-X-s∂-bmWv F∂-Xn¬ sim¬s°´v F∂nh ImWm-hp-∂Xm-Wv. rØ-Øn- - bmsXmcp kwi-b-a-hp-an-√. -p-tbm-Py-amb hn[-Øn-emWv DuØp-°m-Sns‚ CXp-hsc hni-I-ew sNbvX-Xn¬ n∂pw IrXn-I¬ `qcn-`m-K-hpw. {Xnaq¿Øn-I-fpsS ap≥Im-e-L-´-Ønse kw`m-h-- 18˛mw q‰m-≠n¬ Pohn-®n-cp∂ Hcp alm-kw- Iƒ I¿Æm-SI kwKo-X-Øns‚ ASn-Ød ]mIp- Ko-X-⁄-pw, hmt§-b-Im-c-p-am-bn-cp∂p {iocm-a- hm≥ n¿Æm-bI ]¶p-h-ln-®n-´p-≠v F∂v a- n- kzman Zo£n-X¿. Ct±lw apØp-kzman Zo£n-X- em-°mw. tUm. Pn. `ph-t-izcn : Fd-Wm-Ipfw alm-cm-Pmkv tImtfPnse kwKoX hn`mKw ta[m-hn. kwKo-X-⁄. - 24 -
  • 25. Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012 kwKo-X-˛-km-ln-Xy-`mhw Xpfpºn n¬°p∂ t£{X ]©-c-Xv-Ir-Xn-Iƒ tUm. Fkv. `mKy-e£van Fw.-F. ]n.-F-®v.-Un. `mc-Xob kwKo-X-Øn¬ kmln-Xy-k-_p-jvS- cn°pw. Htc Bi- b - t Øtbm, tZh- X - t b- t bm, X, kwKo-X-ta∑, sshhn-[y-X, hyXy-kvXX `‡n- t£{X-sØ-tbm, ÿe-sØtbm Bkv]-Z-am°n k-º-∂X F∂n khn-tij KpW-ß-fm¬ thdn´p cNn-®n-´p≈ IrXn ]c-º-c-I-fmWv IrXn-k-ap-®-bw, n¬°p∂ cN--I-fmWv IrXn kam-lm-cw, kap- XymK- c mP IrXn- I ƒ. Zmb IrXn- I ƒ F∂n km[m-c-W-°m¿°v {Kln- t]cp-I-fn¬ Adn-b-s∏-Sp- °mpw Bkz- Z n- ° mpw ∂-Xv. Chsb ]©-c-Xvw, X° coXn-bn¬ efn-X-ß- ]©- e nwK ÿe IrXn- fm- b n- ´ p≈ XymK- c mP Iƒ, h-{Kl IrXn-Iƒ, IrXn- I ƒ A- i z- c - ß - h-cm{Xn Io¿Ø--߃, fmbn {]tim- ` n- ° p∂ hm- h - c W Io¿Ø- - cXv-ß-fmWv! njv°m-a- ߃, h- h n[ `‡n `-‡n°v DØ-tam-Zm-lcW- - - Io¿Ø-߃, tjmU-i-K- ß- f mWv Ct±- l - Ø ns‚ W-]-Xn-Ir-Xn-Iƒ, D’-h- H´pan° cN- - I - f pw. k-{º-Zmb Io¿Ø--߃, "kwKo- X - Ø n- e qsS `K- D’- h - { ]- _ ‘w F∂n- hZvkm£m-Xv°mcw' F∂ ßs hn`-Pn-I-cn-®n-´p-≠v. Bibw ^e- h - Ø m- I pw- t£{X- I r- X n- I ƒ F∂v hn[w t{ijv T - ß - f mWv hnti-jn-∏n-°-s∏´ IrXn mtZm-]m-k-I-pw, BNm- ]c-º-c-bn¬ A©p IrXn- cy-p-amb XymK-cm-P-kzm-an- Iƒ hoXw Dƒs∏- S p∂ Iƒ cNn® kwKoX IrXn- ]©-cXv IrXn-I-fmWv Iƒ. Gsd {]i- k v X - a m- b - X v . "IrXn-kap-®b߃' - - - XymK-cmP kzman-Iƒ cNn- F∂ Bibw {]mh¿Øn- ®n- ´ p≈ L- c mK ]©- I-am-Ip-∂-Xv kwKo-X-{Xn- cXv IrXn- I ƒ m´, aq¿Øn-I-fpsS BK-a--tØm-sS-bm-Wv. IrXn-]-c-º- Kuf, Bc- ` n, hcmfn {io F∂o cmK- ß - f n- c, IrXn-irw-Je, Io¿Ø ]c-º-c, t£{X-Ir-Xn- ep≈hbm-Wv. IqSmsX Xncp-shm-‰n-bq¿ tKmhq¿, Iƒ F∂n-ßs hyXy-kvX- m-a-ß-fn¬ cNn-°- em¬Kp-Un, {iocwKw Xncp-h-øm¿, F∂n-hn-S-ß- s∏-´n-´p≈ IrXn-k-ap-®-b-߃ ]c-º-c-bm-bpw, fnse t£{Xw tZh-X-Isf {]Io¿Øn®v A©p hyXykvX IrXn-I-fmbpw It®-cn-I-fn¬ ÿmw IrXn-Iƒ Dƒs∏´ ]©-cXv IrXn ]c-º-c-Ifpw ]nSn-®n-´p-≠v. IrXn-I-fpsS Iq´w, kaq-lw, Nß-e, D≠v. kap-®bw Fs∂√mw hnti-jn-∏n-°m-hp∂ cN-- `mc- X ob XXz- i m- k v { Xhpw, ]pcm- t W- X n- I-fpsS FÆw 5,7,9,11,13,16 F∂ {Ia-Øn-em-bn- lm- k - ß - f pw, kwJym- i m- k v { X- h p- a - p- k - c n®v - 25 -
  • 26. Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c aI- c - h n- f - ° m- t Lmj kv a c- W nI 2012 3,5,7,9,11,13,15,16 F∂n-h-bvs°√mw Gsd {]m[m-y- "]©-Kayw' F∂t{X t]cv. ]m¬, ssXcv, søv, ap-≠v. kwkvIr-X-Øn¬ "A©v' F∂ kwJybv°v tKmaq-{Xw, tKmabw F∂nh Dƒs∏-´-Xm-Wv. ]©w, ]©Iw F∂v kw⁄ ¬In-bn-cn-°p-∂p. Ch IqSmsX ]©-]-{Xw, ]©-]-£n, ]©- ss^hv, ]m©v, A©v, AbvZp F∂n-ßs hnhn[ `-£yw, ]©-enw-K-߃, ]©-a-lm-i-_vZ-߃, `mj-I-fn¬ Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. `mc-Xob BNm-c-ß- F∂n-ßs "A©v' F∂ kwJy-ambn _‘-s∏´v fnepw aX-]-c-amb NS-ßp-I-fnepw "A©v' F∂ [mcmfw hkvXp-°ƒ D≠v. kwJybv°v kap-∂-X-ÿmw ¬In ImWp-∂p. kwKo-X-Øn-em-Is´ A©p-Xcw Xmf-s®m-√p- "]©-IrXy' F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp∂ A©v LS-I- Isf mK-_‘w, kzXn-Iw, Ae-·w, ip≤w, ka- ߃ Dƒs∏-´-XmWv ΩpsS `qa-WvU-ew. krjvSn, Im- e nIw F∂n- ß s Xncn- ® n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. Ch ÿnXn, ebw, Xntcm-`-hw, Ap-{Klw F∂nh A©pw ]c-a-in-hs‚ A©p apJ-߃ ˛ ktZym- Dƒs∏´ "]©-IrX-Xy-ßsf A©v ssII-fn-embn Dƒs°m-≈n-®n-´p≈ `K-hm≥ hnm-b-I≥ "sF¶- Pm- X w, hma- t Zhw, AtLm- c w, XXv ] p- c p- j w, c≥' F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂Xpw CXp-sIm-≠m-W-t{X. Cuimw F∂n- h - b n¬ n∂v DS- s e- S p- Ø - X m- sW∂v hniz- k n- ° - s ∏- S p- ∂ p. ]©- h m- Z y- Ø n¬ ap- j ys‚ {][m icn- c m- h - b - h - ß - f n¬ iwJv, sImºv, Xnan-e, a±-fw, CSbv° XpS-ßnb {][m--s∏´ ]t©-{μn-b-߃ IÆv, ImXv, aq°v, A©p-hm-Zy-߃ tN¿∂-Xm-Wv. t£{X-hm-Zy-ß- m°v, Xz°v F∂n-h-bm-Wv. Z¿i-w, {ih-Ww, fn¬ {][m XX-hm-Zy-at{X ]©-ap-J-hm-Zyw. C{]- {LmWw, cpNn- ° ¬, kv ] ¿iw XpS- ß nb Imcw `mc-Xob kwKoX imkv{X-{]-Imcw "A©v' {]h¿Ø--ß-fp-ambn _‘-s∏-´n-´p-≈-h-bm-Wv. F∂ kwJym-kw-⁄°v Gsd {]m[m-y-ap-≈- ⁄mt-{μn-b-߃ F∂pw Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. Xmbn ImWmw. ]©-K-Xn, ]©-Pm-Xn, ]©-a-kz- temI-X-Xzhpw ap-jy-X-Xzhpw ]©-`q-X-ß- cw, HuU-h-cm-K-߃ F∂n-h-bn-se√mw A©ns‚ fn-e-[n-jvTn-X-am-bn-´mWv I≠p-h-cp-∂-Xv. ]rYzn, {]m[myw {]I-S-am-Wv. t£{X-IrXn F∂ Bi- A]p, tXbp, hmbp, BImiw F∂n-ßs A©p- b-Ønv cq]w ¬In-bXv jmPn alm-cmPmhmsW- `q-Xßfn-e[n-jvTn-Xam-bn-´mWv kI-eNcm-Ncßfpw - - - - - - - - ¶nepw t£{X-IrXn kap®b cN-bn-Xm-°fn¬ kap- - ne-sIm-≈p-∂-Xv. ∂-X-am-bn-´p-≈Xv XymK-cm-P-kzm-an-Ifpw, apØp-kzm- a{¥-im-kv{X-Ønv B[m-c-am-bn-´p≈ _nPm- an-Zo-£n-Xcpw BWv. XymK-cm-Pkzm-an-Iƒ Xncp-shm- - £-c-߃ Hmw, sFw, {low, ¢nw, kuw F∂n- ´n-bq¿, tImhq¿, {iocwKw em¬Kp-Un, Xncp-h-øm¿ ßs A©m- W v . tZh- X - I sf {]Io¿Øn- ° p- F∂n-hn-S-ß-fnse t£{X-߃ kμ¿in-®-t∏mƒ tºmƒ _oPm-£-c-ß-fpsS {]tbmKw {][m--am- Ahn- S psØ tZh- X - I - s fbpw t£{X- t Øbpw Wv. {]Io¿Øn®v IrXn-]-c-º-c-Iƒ cNn-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. Ch-bmWv t£{X-]-©-cXv IrXn-I-fmbn {]Npc Ima-tZ-hs‚ hn√n¬ A©p-_m-W-ß-fmWv {]Nmcw tSn-b-Xv. sXmSpØp hnSm-dp-≈X.v Aw_nIm `K-hXnsb ]©- - - _m-tW-izcn F∂t{X hnti-jn-∏n-°m-dp-≈Xv. Ac- - Xncp-høm¿ ]©-cXvw - hn-μw, Atim-Iw, NpXw, h-a√n-I, otem-Xv]ew - X©m- h q- c npw, Xncp- h - ø m- d npw at≤y F∂n-ßs A©p-Xcw ]pjv]ßfmWv ]©_m- - - ÿnXn-sN-øp∂ A©v Bdp-Iƒ (-Zn-Iƒ) Imth- W-ßfmbn Ima-tZ-h≥ sXmSp-Øp-hn-Sp-∂Xv. - - cn, Ac-i-em¿, shÆm¿, hS-bm¿, IpS-ap-cp´n F∂o ]©-bm-X ]qP-bn¬ inh≥, hnjvWp, A©p Bdp-Iƒ°v a[y-Øn-embn ÿnXn sNøp∂ kqcy≥, KW-]-Xn, tZhn XpSßn A©p-tZ-h-X-I- "Xncp-hbm¿' XymK-cmP kzman-IfpsS kam[n ÿe- - - sf-bmWv ]qPn-°p-∂-Xv. ]qP-Iƒ°pw A`n-tj-I- ambn {]kn-≤n-bm¿÷n-®n-´p-≠v. ]©--Zo-iz-c≥, Ønpw D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ A©p hkvXp-°ƒ°v {]W-Xm¿Yn-l-c≥ F∂nßs Adn-b-s∏-Sp∂ - 26 -