GOPAL SNACKS PVT. LTD. Page 1
Wages and salaries
GOPAL SNACKS PVT. LTD.
Krishna R. Makhesana
Roll No. 40
Prof. Khushbu Patel
Shri Patel Kelvani Mandal College of
College Road, Junagadh.
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I, undersigned, Krishna R. Makhesana the student of
T.Y.B.B.A., Shri P.K.M. College of Technology & B.Ed., Here by
declared that this Project Report is my own work and it has been carried
out under the guidance of Prof. Khushbu Patel. This report has not been
submitted to any other University for examination.
Krishna R. Makhesana
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It has been strongly observe that theoretical knowledge alone
cannot succeed. Rather its practical use is of immense significance for
the survival of human beings. Let it has been well aspect that
small/medium scale industries play an indispensable role in stimulating
economic problems. Small-scale industries have huge employment
In view of significant role played by industries in the
economic growth, Saurashtra University has incorporated industrial visit
in B.B.A. course which provide an excellent opportunity to the students
to understand felt-need of an industrial establishment.
Industrial training helps a student to increase his or her
knowledge and skills about managing a business or industry effectively
and efficiently. Hence, a project report has to prepare which in hence the
skill of a student.
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I wish to express my sincere gratitude to Mr. Rajan Kalariya,
HR Manager for providing me an opportunity to do my internship and
project work in “GOPAL SNACKS PVT. LTD.”
I sincerely thank to Prof. Khushbu Patel for their guidance
and encouragement in carrying out this project work. I also wish to
express my gratitude to the officials and other staff members of Gopal
Snacks Pvt. Ltd. who rendered their help during the period of my project
work. I also thank the director of Shri PKM College of technology Dr.
Mansukh Bhalodiya for providing me the opportunity to embark on this
Finally yet importantly, the help & support of my friends and
professors have made this venture successful. Therefore, I would like to
thank them all from care of my heart.
Krishna R. Makhesana
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1 General Information
Company at a glance
History and development
Contribution of the unit to the industry
Present body of management
Forms of organisation
Size of unit
Time keeping system
No. of employees and services offered to
Manufacturing process and process chart
Other product related information
2 Human resource management
3 Topic: wages and salaries
Features of wages and salaries
Advantages of wages and salaries
Disadvantages of wages and salaries
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Objectives of wages and salaries
Methods of wages and salaries
Types of wages and salaries
Wages and salaries given by company
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COMPANY AT A GLANCE
Name Gopal Snacks Pvt. Ltd.
Address Factory 2322 – 24 Gide,
Rajkot – 360021.
Contact No. (02827) 287370.
E Mail email@example.com
Bankers Bank of India & State Bank of India
Auditors Hiren Shah
Chief Promoter Bipinbhai Hadvani
Size of Unit Medium Scale
Firm of Unit Private Limited
Year of Establishment 1994
Brand Name Gopal Namkeen
Registered Office Factory 2322 – 24 Gide,
Rajkot – 360021
Main Product All Kind of Namkeens & Friems
Off Day Wednesday
Accounting Year March – April
Accounting System Double Entry
Snacks Pellets 9 Products
Farsan 16 Products
Namkeen 8 Products
Total Production 150 Tone Per Day
Area Covered by Company 17958 sq. feet
Slogan “Sab Bhoomi Gopal Ki”
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HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT
“SUCCESS IS JOURANY NOT DESTINY”
A good deal of time, patience and strong determination are
pre-requisite to be succeeding, each and every successful companies has
glorious history which always work as measurement and guide for the
future. GOPAL SNACKS PVT LTD is one of the most prestigious
companies in Rajkot.
GOPAL SNACKS PVT LTD was started by Mr. BIPIN
BHAI HADVANI on, 2004. Managing director Mr. BIPIN BHAI
HADVANI is one the director also, which already has obtained a
prestigious mark of quality ISO 9001:2000 TUS-SUD, and
manufacturing different kinds of Namkeens and snacks.
They have good infrastructure for developing items. They
are using most of imported machine, for different types of Namkeen,
different types of snacks etc.
When company is started no more consumer but now
GOPAL NAMKEEN is become most popular company and company
have more than 70% consumer in the Namkeen market.
The journey of "Gopal Namkeen" is started in year 1965 by
the member of Vithhal Bhai Haribhai Hadvani & Family. For supplying
Snacks and namkeen to local Market at Rajkot. Due to the Great Success
of that product they decided to make their own product line in year 1994
at Rajnagar Society, Nana Mahuva Road RAJKOT.
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By the huge retail success they inspired to set a Gruh Udyog
plant at Mavdi Plot, Amar nagar in Year 2001 to 2009.
Instead of preparing Snack and namkeens by the traditional
frying method this semi automatic plant boosted at Vajadi(vad) -
RAJKOT in year 2009-2010 for the quality, taste and more sales also.
In December 2009 The gopal Gruh Udyog Is Converted to
Gopal Snacks Pvt. Ltd. From May, 2010 it is transferred at GIDC
Metoda, In 2000 meter Land and 75000 sq. feet of buildings.
The fame of taste reached to the whole Gujarat hence it was
time to takeover the whole Gujarat so that biggest automatic plant of
Gujarat came in to the picture. Gopal Namkeen is now looking forward to
march over India.
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CONTRIBUTION OF THE UNIT TO THE
“Gopal Snacks Pvt. Ltd.” is providing various types of
namkeen and farsan. Its efforts since 1960 has now emerged as a major
industrial contributing 70% of all namkeen production in Gujarat.
GOPAL NAMKEEN is one of the most prestigious
companies in Rajkot. The journey of "Gopal Namkeen" is started in year
1965 by the member of Vithhal Bhai Haribhai Hadvani & Family. For
supplying Snacks and namkeens to local Market at Rajkot. GOPAL
NAMKEEN was started by Mr. BIPINBHAI HADVANI on, 2004.
Managing director SHRI BIPINBHAI HADVANI is one the director
also, which already has obtain a prestigious mark of quality ISO
9001:2000 TUS-SUD, and manufacturing different kind of Namkeen
When company was started no more consumer but now
GOPAL NAMKEEN is become most popular company and company
have more than 70% consumer in the Namkeen market. It is a large scale
industry and private limited also. Therefore, it requires a number of
employees. GOPAL NAMKEEN generates employment opportunities
for unemployed worker. So the ratio of unemployment is decreased.
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PRESENT BODY OF MANAGEMENT
Founder of Company : Mr. Vitthal bhai H. Hadvani
Managing Director : Mr. Bipin V. Hadvani
Mr. Praful V. Hadvani
HR Manager : Mr. Rajan Kalariya
Sales Manager : Mr. Sagar bhai Bhalara
Mr. Arvind bhai Parmar
Factory manager : Mr. Ashok Faldu
Storing in charge : Mr. Nayan Patel
Final Goods Dep. Head : MR. Praful Hadvani
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FORMS OF ORGANISATION
There are three type of organization.
Joint stocks company
It means a single owner in a firm, in this type of firm all
decisions are taken by self.
It means a two or many person together meet for profit
objective. And take every decision by all partners.
JOINT STOCK COMPANY:
It means when the company collect fund with the help of
issuing shares, debenture, public deposits etc.
GOPAL NAMKEEN is wholly managed by only one owner
that is BIPIN BHAI, so we can say that it’s a sole proprietor.
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SIZE OF UNIT
There are four size of business organization.
1) Tiny Industry / Cottage Industry
2) Small Scale Industry
3) Medium Scale Industry
4) Large Scale Industry
1) Tiny / Cottage Industry:
The investment of an industry in its fixed assets does not exceed
Rs, 5 laths is known as tiny or cottage industry.
2) Small Scale Industry:
The investment of an industry in its fixed assets does not exceed
Rs, 3 crores are known as small scale industry.
3) Medium Scale Industry:
The investment of an industry in its fixed asset is more than Rs, 3
crores but not exceed Rs, 5 crores are known as medium scale industry.
4) Large Scale Industry:
The investment of any industry in its fixed assets is more than Rs,
5 crores are known as large scale industry.
“Gopal snacks Pvt. Ltd.” is medium scale industry. Its total capital
is Rs, 4.5 crores investment in plant and machinery.
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Location of unit is most important factor for to be
consideration for successful working of any organization. It also plays
vital role in the development of the unit. The total cost of manufacturing
cost of any business unit is higher due to the wrong selection of location
of their business.
The main object of an industrial concern is to maximum
profit through minimum of production cost.
The present location of Gopal snacks Pvt ltd is the Lodhika
estate G I D C Metoda, in Rajkot. In this location all the necessary
facilities are easily available like the electricity supply, finance, labour
Company mainly consider following factor of the time of selecting
Easy availability of raw materials
Loan at cheapest rate
Easily available labor
Above all factors are available to company, so we can say that GOPAL
SNACKS’ location is the best location.
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TIME KEEPING SYSTEM
Time keeping system is very important because by this
management can control and facilitate employee discipline.
Time keeping system contain how many shift and how many
hours in each shift according to the rule of the government any unit
cannot take work more than 8 hours from the workers. This is beneficial
for the unit and worker also.
Beneficial for unit because it is easy to calculate the wage of
worker on the time of hour basis ad beneficial for employee because it
gives against their exploiting.
There are three shifts:
6 am to 2 pm
2 pm to 10 pm
10 pm to 6 am
9 am to 12 am
1 pm to 6 pm
12 am to 1 pm
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NO. OF EMPLOYEES AND SERVICES
OFFERED TO THEM
Gopal Snacks Pvt. Ltd. is medium scale industry. About
1000 workers are work in Gopal snacks Pvt. Ltd. Company gives them
sufficient wage and salary. Bonus and other incentives also given by
company to their workers.
With the wage or salary some more facilities are given by
the company to the employ that is known as employment benefits.
Some Employment Benefits are as under
Gopal Namkeen is providing a resident facility and
insurance facilities, canteen facility, travelling facility to his employ. And
also gives bonus on Diwali. Company gives kariyavar bonus to unmarried
girls when they leave this company.
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MANUFACTURING PROCESS AND
First company received raw material from the wholesaler and checked
material by quality officer, if any problem in the material than rejects
materials and sent back to supplier.
After checked raw material no use all material in one time so extra
material are kept in storage. Company has a large place for store bulk
material. Companies store room’s behind the compass.
3) Dough Making Process:
It is first step for making a product, in his step floor is tight according to
4) Frying Process:
Second step of the production is frying. In this step company fry all types
of Fryums and namkeen in frying pan. Company has latest machinery for
5) Oil Extractor:
After fry a product if more oil in the namkeen than these all is sent into
this machinery. In this machine extra oil is removed.
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6) Semi Automation Seasoning Process:
In this step, all namkeen and Fryums items are mixed a seasoning upon
the product. Here include a many seasoning as like sweet, spice, salty,
7) Automatic Pouch Packing:
In this step all product are packed in proper pack. Gopal Namkeen has an
automation packed according to grams. And a most important think is
right product pack in to right beg.
8) Box Packing:
Box packing is last step of process. In this process all packed product are
pack in the big cartoons according to box size and sent to carriage.
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Dough Making Process
Frying Pan with Burner
Automation Pouch Packing
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Rugby ball Chips Chawakadi Alphabet
Gear Ring Mini Ring Plane Doll
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Namkeen and farsan
Papdi gathiya Champakali
Tikha gathiya Phulavadi
Thick Sev Thin Sev Tikhi Sev Nadiyadi
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Chana Dal Mug Dal Dal Muth
Masala Peas Sing Bhujiya Chiki Box Chiki
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OTHER PRODUCT RELATED
Raw material and sources
GOPAL NAMKEEN is mainly produces food product which
is made with help of beans, oil, mirchi powder, etc for Namkeen. And
company also purchases plastic raw materials for packing a product.
RAW MATERIALS SOURCES
Besan directly from BOSS BESAN COMPANY
Oil directly from SOMNATH OIL MILL-SHAPAR
Necessary Masala MIRCH POWDER from RAMDEV MIRCH
Wheat direct from Ahmadabad market
Company directly purchases raw materials in bulk from
Manufacturer Company, so GOPAL NAMKEEN purchase in low rate.
Quality control managers and control all the parameters of quality of
namkeens and friems.
Quality is checked so that the consumer may not get spoiled food. The
taste, color and texture should be maintained till time it reaches to the
Quality control test are done so that there are no microbial changed,
physical changes and rancidity which can spoil the quality of the food.
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Therefore to prevent all the microbial actions rancidity, demotic changes,
chemical changes and physical damages various quality tests are done
upon food items.
There are tests carries out by the quality control
1) Moisture Test
2) Acidity, Salt, PH
3) Peroxide Value
4) Fat Value
5) Ash Test
6) Restandardization of Various Segments.
Before doing any test you need the food sample. Food
sample is collected from the production department. Where the food is
prepared. After the preparation of the snacks, which is freshly prepared,
sample is collected from every slot of preparation.
E.g. Garlic sev is prepared and there are 3 slots of 10 Kg
each. A quality control member will come and take one cup each from
every slot and then they will mix take one cup of for the quality testing
purpose. This is how sample is collected, which is called sampling.
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Every body’s future is uncertain although everybody plans for their
GOPAL NAMKEEN also has some future planning which are as under.
GOPAL NAMKEEN’S plan is to enter into the International
Also company enters in to potato chips market.
And they also want to use more and more latest technology.
They want to give more and more satisfaction to customer.
To get more and cheaper production.
To increase plant and machinery for reach demand in Gujarat.
To increase market share and stand against stiff market
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INTRODUCTION OF HRM
An organisation is a group of people who unite various resources to
achieve their goals. In this era of globalization the main focus is on
quality excellence, flexibility and transformation. Human resources, their
skills are very important to adopt this changing environment. So,
management of human resource has become an integral part for any
DEFINITION OF HRM
“HRM refers to attracting developing and maintaining an effective
FEATURES OF HRM
HRM is a process.
It is goal oriented.
It is a human activity.
It is multidisciplinary in nature.
It is a continuous process.
HRM gives a lot of importance to achievements of objectives.
HRM has universal application.
HRM involves the integrated use of subsystems.
HRM tries to develop the team spirit of the organisation.
HRM develops the potentialities of the staff by giving them training
HRM brings many long term benefits to the individuals.
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Wages and salaries are the remuneration paid or payable to
employees for work performed on behalf of an employer or services
provided. Normally, an employer is not permitted to withhold the wages
or any part thereof, except as permitted or required by law to deduct from
wages, commonly termed “withhold”, income taxes, social contributions
and for other purposes, which are then paid directly to tax authorities,
social security authority, etc., on behalf of the employee. Garnishment is
a court ordered withholding from wages to pay a debt.
Wages and salaries are typically paid directly to an employee
in the form of cash or in a cash equivalent, such as by cheque or by direct
deposit into the employee’s bank account or an account directed by the
employee. Alternatively, all or a part may be paid in various other ways,
such as payment in kind in the form of goods or services provided to the
employee, such as food and board.
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FEATURES OF WAGES AND SALARIES
The structure of wages and salaries should be fair both of the
employer and the employee.
It should be based on significant time and motion study to ensure a
standard output to the employer and a fair amount of wages to the
The system should encourage the employees not only to increase
quantity of output but also to improve the quality of output.
The system should be such as to minimize labour turnover,
The system should be flexible.
Efficient employees should be able to earn more as compared to the
Employees should be paid according to their merits.
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ADVANTAGES OF WAGES AND SALARIES
To attract and retain the employees
Builds high morale
Labour cost equitable
Clearly drawn line of promotion
Image of progressive Employer
Harmonious Industrial Relations
Ensure minimum wages
DISADVANTAGES OF WAGES AND
It can hurt the poor by not increasing income
It reduces other job benefits like promotion, transport facility,
It does not offer personal-growth opportunities.
It may increase the number of people working on the black market.
It can cause cost push inflation
It can disrupt the economic system.
It can create unemployment.
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OBJECTIVES OF WAGES AND SALARIES
It enable organisation to have the quantity and quality of staff it
It retains the employees in the organisation.
Wages and salaries motivate employees for good performance for
further improvement in performance.
Maintain equity and fairness in compensation for similar jobs.
Achieve flexibility in the system to accommodate organizational
changes as and when these take place.
Make the system cost-effective.
It avoids the chances of favoritism from creeping in when wage
rates are assigned.
It enhances employee morale and motivation.
To satisfy people to perform better.
To maintain a good public image.
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METHODS OF WAGES AND SALARIES
There are two methods of wage and salaries.
1) Ancient-Time wage system
2) Piece wage system
1) Ancient-Time wage system:
In this system wages are paid as per the time of work done
by the workers. It is based on the assumption that in a certain time period
a person can do certain quantity of work equally. But it is not applicable
in the modern industrial work.
Costly raw material and machinery
Work of personnel cannot be differentiable
Strict supervision system
Speed depends upon work
Work cannot be calculated in unites
In the modern industrial era, time wage system are very
Good quality through strict supervision
Equal wage for equal work-No jealousy
No wastage of raw material
Idea about expense in advance
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Time wage system is rigid and not flexible
Production does not remain constant
Because of constant income, there is no improvement in
Workers are consider equal
Supervision is essential
No encouragement for efficient workers
2) Piece-wage system:
In this system the wages are given on the basis of work done
by the workers, therefore it is also called payment by result. In this
system, the units of work and wage rate per unit are decided in advance.
Worker’s wages= units of worker’s work X wage rate per unit.
Useful where only one kind of item is manufactured on a
Speed is useful
Constant work is needed
Units can be calculated
In this system supervision can be avoided
This system gives motivation to the employees
Estimation of labour cost
New and speedy work system
Earning of livelihood
Workers are loyal to the firm
Estimation of labour cost
Care to maintain the machinery
Easy calculation of wages
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Workers work beyond their capacity, it is harmful for
their health physique
Wastage of raw material
Register have to be maintain
No guaranty of minimum wages
Exploitation of the workers.
Inexperienced worker get less wages
Gopal snacks Pvt. Ltd. is providing a time wage to his
employees. And it gives approximately 700 Rs. per day to his workers,
payment paid to wormer on up to the 7th
of every month.
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TYPES OF WAGES AND SALARIES
In India the government setup committee of fair wages in
1948 and this committee have defined various concepts of wages, which
are as follows:
A. Minimum wage
B. Living wage
C. Fair wage
A. Minimum wage:
The minimum wages is that wage which is sufficient to meet
the worker’s bare necessities. It is the wage which the employer must pay
to his worker without considering his financial ability
It is calculated by:
It should be calculated by considering three consumption
units for one earner.
Minimum food requirement should be calculated on the
basis of net intake of calories for an average Indian.
Clothing requirement = 72 yards
The rent for minimum area = housing scheme by
Miscellaneous expenses should constitute 20% of total wage.
B. Living wage:
It provides the bare essentials of food, clothing and shelter,
but s measure of frugal comfort including education, social needs, and
protection against ill health.
Basic of worker
Efficiency of worker
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C. Fair wage:
It is above the minimum wage and below the living wage.
Following factors are considered while determining the fair wage:
Productivity of labour
Employer’s capacity to pay
Level of national income
The place of industry in the economy of country.
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WAGES AND SALARIES GIVEN BY
Company gives wages and salary to their employees on the
basis of time they work in the organisation. Wages and salaries are also
given on the basis of their performance.
Company gives approximately 12000 Rs. per month to the
Company gives approximately 18000 Rs. per month to the skilled
Company gives approximately 25000 Rs. per month to the office
Company also gives bonus and other incentives like travelling facility,
hostel facility for girls, canteen, etc… to their employees.