Himachal Pradesh, an Indian State


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All about Inidan State-Himachal Pradesh. This give you description about Social life of people, Stats of people, Festivals, Culture , Tradition, Food , Politics and Technological growth of the snow state. The beauty with the best!

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Himachal Pradesh, an Indian State

  1. 1. HIMACHAL PRADESH ~:Abode of Snow:~
  2. 2. Where it is located?
  3. 3. GEOGRAPHY  Topography mainly hilly.  38% of total land is forest.  Average altitude ranges from 450 m. to 6500 m above sea level.  Hilly region divided into: -Shivaliks or Outer Himalayas -Lesser Himalayas -The Great Himalayan & Zaska.  Climate & weather is cool throught the year.
  4. 4.  The beauty of Himachal unleashes after the rainy season with lush green cover on mountains.  Chief rivers : Indus and Ganges; • Chenab • Beas • Ravi • Yamuna • Sutlej • Spiti
  6. 6. CENSUS AREA: 55,673 sq km NO. OF DISTRICTS: 12 CAPITAL: Shimla POPULATION: 68.56 lakh SEX RATIO: 974/1000 males LITERACY RATE: 83.78% % OF TOTAL POPULATION: 0.57 DENSITY OF POPULATION: 123/Sq km FACT: No city over 1 lakh population.
  7. 7. PEOPLE & CULTURE LANGUAGES:Official language: Hindi  Prominent language: Pahari  Other languages: Punjabi, Dogri, Kangri & Kinnauri RELIGIONS: 95.77% - Hindus(Rajputs, Brahmins & Mahajans-High caste; Artisans-Lower caste)  1.63% - Muslims  >1% - Buddhists  0.1% - Christians
  8. 8. FESTIVALS: Dusshera of Kullu : 7day fest to mark the return of Lord Rama to Ayodhya.  Ladarcha Fest, Spiti : A fair, celebrated in 3rd week of august. Gettogether of visitors and traders.  Khepa Fest, Kinnaur: Fest of chasing demons and most famous.
  9. 9.  Doongri Fest, Kullu : Colourful fest to mark the advent of spring.  Minjar Fest, Chamba : 7-day carnival depiciting the cultural bonding of people. Local diety taken in a pocession for immersion.  Shivratri Fair, Mandi : A week long fair at Baijinath’s Shiva temple in Feb and March.
  10. 10. PEOPLE: The people of Himachal love colour.  Their dress patterns follow the local climate.  The people of Lahaul wear long gowns and trousers but their gowns do not have mandarin sleeves.  They wear grass or leather boots.  Their caps indicate the region they come from.
  11. 11. MAJOR CROPS & FOOD: Cultivate cash crops like wheat, maize, rice and barley.  Best Dishes : Indra – A dish prepared by Urad dal and Bada in Shimla district. Siddu – Made from Soybean or Walnut.  Not To Be Missed : Enjoying Makki or fresh Corn flour i.e grounded in water propelled-mill and is eaten with milk at breakfast.
  12. 12. ECONOMY  The economy of the state is highly dependent on three sources: hydroelectric power, tourism and agriculture.  The first five year plan allocated Rs.5.27 crore to Himachal.  It has started from 1951.  More than 50% of this expenditure was incurred on road construction  Himachal now ranks fourth in respect of per capita income Agriculture contributes over 45%  Over 93% of the population in Himachal depend directly upon agriculture which provides direct employment to 71% of its people.  The Economy of the Himachal Pradesh is currently the third fastest growing economy in India.
  13. 13. POLITICS  First CM of Himachal Pradesh was Dr.Y.S.Parmar.  BJP’s Prem Kumar Dhumal was sworn in as 15th Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh on 30th December 2007.  Two major national political parties: BJP & INC.  The Assembly is unicameral with 68 Members of the Legislative Assembly & 4 Lok Sabha seats.
  14. 14. How To Reach Himachal? Shimla: By Air: From Delhi airport to Jubbarhati air port.  By Rail: Shimla is connected by a broadgauge line up to Kalka (90 km). The journey between Kalka and Shimla takes about six hours and is one of the finest ways of enjoying the landscape. The Shivalik Express is a deluxe train on this route. Delhi (380 km), Chandigarh (120 km) and Kalka (90 km) from Shimla.  By Road: Shimla is connected by road to all major cities in north India. Taxi cabs for Shimla are available at Delhi, Chandigarh, Ambala and Kalka.Buses can also be chartered.
  15. 15. TOURISM Shimla  The old Christ Church, with its beautiful stained glass windows, is one of Shimla's most prominent landmarks. There are plenty of adventure sports and short hikes on offer in the vicinity as well. Manali  Manali, with its soothing backdrop of the Himalayas, offers a blend of tranquility and adventure that makes it one of northern India's most popular destinations. Located in the Kullu Valley.
  16. 16. Contd. Dharmashala & Ganji  The towns of Dharamsala and MacLeod Ganj are home to the exiled Tibetan Government. The Dalai Lama resides in Dharamsala, and many Tibetans have followed him there.
  17. 17. Areas of industrial development  Information & Communication Technology Industry, Computer hardware, Call Centre's, I.T. Software and services      Eco-tourism- Hotels, resorts Automobile manufacturing units Cold storage units/chain. Food Processing Industry Pharmacy products