international indexed,refereed, Monthly, Multilingual, Interdisciplainery,research journal

107 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
107
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

international indexed,refereed, Monthly, Multilingual, Interdisciplainery,research journal

  1. 1. 64 International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832, (Print), E-ISSN- 2320-5474, July, 2013 VOL-V * ISSUE -54 oSfnd ;qx dk çkjEHk vk;ksaZ ds vkxeu ls ekurs gSa ijUrq vHkh rd ;g fu.kZ; ugha gks ldk fd vk;Z dgk¡ ds fuoklh FksA ,d fo}ku dk dFku gS fd ^og LFkku Hkkjr gh gS tgk¡ ls vk;Z yksx lEiw.kZ fo'o esa QSysA okLro esa vk;Z yksx Hkkjr ds ewy fuoklh FksA budk laxhr vR;Ur mR—"V FkkA1 osn 'kCn ^fon~ lÙkk;kE* ^fon~Kkus*] fon~ fopkj.ks* vkSj fon~– ykHks* bu pkj /kkrqvksa ls fu"iUu gksrk gSA bldk rkRi;Z gS& ftldh lnSo lÙkk gks] tks viwoZ Kkuçn gks] tks ,sfgd dkeqf"ed nksuksa çdkj dk dks"k gks vkSj tks ykSfdd rFkk yksdksÙkj ykHkçn gks ,sls xzUFk dks osn dgrs gSaA2 ,d'kree/o;qZ'kk[kk eglzoRekZ lkeosn%A ,dfoa'kfr/kk okgo`P;euo/kk·;oZiksosn%AA¼egkHkk";½ vFkkZr& egkHkk";kfn xzUFkksa ds vk/kkj ij osn dh ^1131* 'kk[kk;sa gSaA ;tqosZn dh ^101* lkeosn] dh ^1000* _Xosn dh ^21* vkSj vFkoZosn dh ^9* 'kk[kk;sa dgh xbZ gSaA3 osnksa dk jpukdky&_Xosn dk jpukdky bZlk ls yxHkx 2000 ls 1000 o"kZ iwoZ ekuk tkrk gSA osnksa dh la[;k pkj ekuh xbZ gS - _Xosn] ;tqosZn] lkeosn] vFkoZosnA _Xosn esa laxhr& _Xosn esa laxhr dk ç;ksx Hkxoku dh iwtk vkjk/kuk ds :i esa laxhre; <ax ls gksrk FkkA^^_Xosn esa of.kZr xhr çcU/kksa esa xkFkk ,d fof'k"V rFkk ijEijkxr xhr çdkj gSA ftldk xk;u /kkfeZd rFkk ykSfdd lekjksgksa ij fd;k tkrk FkkA4 çkphu ijEijk ij vk/kkfjr gksus ds dkj.k bu xkFkkvksa dh rqyuk _pkvksa ls dh tkrh FkhA5 bl dky esa laxhr dk vk/;kfRed LFkku jgk gSA _Xosn esa fHkUu&fHkUu çdkj ds ok|ksa tSls& ^^nqUnqfHk] ok.k] ukM+h os.kq] ddZjh] xxZjh] /kh.kh] fiaxk] vk/kkrh uked ok|ksa dk mYys[k Hkh feyrk gSA6 ;tqosZn esa laxhr& ^^;|fi ;tqosZn esa laxhr ls dksbZ lh/kk lEcU/k ugha gS fQj Hkh laxhr ls lEcfU/kr vusd mYys[k ;tqosZn vkSj rRlEca/kh oSfnd lkfgR; esa çkIr gks tkrs gSaA ftlesa bl rF; dk funsZ'k feyrk gS fd ;tqosZn dky esa laxhr dk i;kZIr çpkj o çlkj FkkA bl osn esa LFkkurj] oS:i] oS'okuj] okenso] 'kkDoj] boSrk] vfHk—r bu lkr çdkj ds lkeksa dk mYys[k fd;k x;k gSA blesa ls dbZ lke fdlh _rq fo'ks"k esa xk;s tkrs gSaA7 ^^;tqosZn lafgrk esa oh.kk] ok.k] rw.ko] nqUnqfHk] Hkwfe nqUnqfHk] 'ka[k rFkk ryo vkfn ok|ksa dk mYys[k gSA v'oes?k vkfn ;Kksa esa euksjatu ds fufeÙk xkFkk xku rFkk oh.kkfn ok|ksa dk oknu fd;k tkrk FkkA v'oes?k ;K ds vUrxZr lkexku ds lkFk gh xkFkk xku Hkh çpfyr jgk gSA8 ;fn nsork dk vkºoku djuk gS rks mls laxhrkRed Loj esa vkeaf=r djuk pkfg,- c`gfnUæk; xk; r enrkso`=gUree~ A ;su T;ksfrjtu;Uu`rko`/kks nsoa nsok; tkx`fo AA ; tq- 23 ;tqosZn esa efgykvksa dk laxhr ds çfr :>ku Li"V fn[kkbZ iM+rk gS] fuEu tkfr;ksa dh efgyk,a yksd u`R; vkfn esa Hkkx fy;k djrh FkhA lkeosn esa laxhr& lkeosn ds }kjk laxhr dk ekxZ vkSj vf/kd ç'kLr gqvkA_pkvksa dkss nso Lrqfr ds fy, laxhr ds gh ek/;e ls xk;k tkrk Fkk ftls lkexku dgrs FksA tSfefu lw= ds vuqlkj lke 'kCn dh O;kfIr fuEu 'kCnksa esa Li"V dh xbZ gS& ^lkeosns lgL=axhRFkqik;k%A vkg dres xhR;qik;k ukeA mP;rs xhfrukZe fØ;k lkH;Urjç;RutU;kLoj fo'ks"kk.kkekfHkO;aftdk lke'kCnfHkyI;kA lkfu;r çek.kk;ke`fr xh;rsAA9 ^lke^ 'kCn dk vFkZ og xhfr fØ;k gS] tks vkH;Urj ç;Ru ls mn~Hkwr Lojfo'ks"kksa dh vfHkO;aftdk gSA lke 'kCn ls vfHkfgr ^^/kqus** _pkvksa ds vk/kkj ls xkbZ tkus ij lke dgykrh gSA lkeosn ds nks ç/kku Hkkx gSa& 1& vkfpZd 2& xku vkfpZd dk vFkZ gS _pkvksa dk lewg] oSfnd ijEijk esa bUgsa ^;ksfuxzUFk dgrs gSaA10 vkfpZd ds nks çdkj gSa& ¼1½ iwoZ vkfpZd& buesa _pk,a lfEefyr gSaA ¼2½ mÙkj vkfpZd& buesa _pkvksa ij vk/kkfjr /kqu o xkFkk,a lfEefyr gSaA xku ds Lo:i fuEu gSa&xzkexs;xku] vkj.;d xku] Ågxku]Åáxku lkeosn ds nks Hkkxksa esa ^xku* nwljk Hkkx gS blds xzUFk ^xku xzUFk* dgs tkrs gSaA ea=ks dk laxzg rFkk laxhrkRed jhfr ls mPpkj.k djuk ^xku* dgykrk gSSA ^^lk;.kkpk;Z us lkE; Hkk"; dh Hkwfedk esa xku dks |ksrd crk;k gSA rFkk buds vuqlkj 'kCnksa dk okLrfod vkJ; LFkku ^lke* gh gSA11 lke osn esa Lojksa dh la[;k rhu ekuh tkrh gS& mnkÙk]vuqnkr]Lofjr] bu rhuksa Lojksa ij gh lkr Loj dh July,2013
  2. 2. 65SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832, (Print), E-ISSN- 2320-5474, July, 2013 VOL-V * ISSUE -54 mRifÙk ekuh tkrh gS ;Fkk& ^mPpkS fu"kkn xkU/kkjkS uhpk _"kHk /kSorkSA 'ks"kkLrq Lofjrk {ks; "kM+t e/;e iapek%AA12 vFkkrZ& mnkÙk & fu] x vuqnkÙk & js] /k Lofjr & l e i lkeosn esa ok|ksa dk egRo & ok|ksa dk egRo o ç;ksx lkeosn esa çpqj ek=k esa ns[kus dks feyrk gS tSls& nqqanqfHk] HkwfenqnafHk] Fksjh e`nax bR;kfn blds vykok /ku ok|ks easa& ^^/;kufon~ifu"kn~* esa ?kuok| ?kaVs ds vuqdj.ku dh rqyuk ç.ko ds ukn ls ,oa ,oa ^uknfonifu"kn* esa ukn ds vusdksa çdkjksa esa fQad.kh] oh.kk] oa'kh rFkk Hkzej dh /ofu dk mYys[k fd;k gSA13 1- Hkkjrh; laxhr dk bfrgkl & 13 ls 17 i`0 2- osn fnXn'kZu& ys ek/kokpk;Z 'kkL=h o oSfnd foKku vkSj Hkkjrh; laL—fr&fxfj/kj 'kekZ prqZosnh& i`0 22]i`0 19 rFkk i`0 70 ls 3- osn fnXn'kZu& i`0 119 4- laxhr 'krh& t;k tSu] i`0 22] 23 5- Hkkjrh; laxhr dk bfrgkl& i`0 20 6- laxhr dk fodkl vkSj foHkwfr;k¡& Jhin~ ckU/kksik/;k; i`"B&14 7- laxhr dk fodkl vkSj foHkwfr;k¡ & Jhin cU/kksik/;k; i`"B&15 8- Hkkjrh; laxhr dk bfrgkl & Mk0 Lokrh 'kekZ i`0 153 9- Hkkjrh; laxhr dk bfrgkl & i`0 56 10- osnfnXn'kZu& i`0 146 11-Hkkjrh; ukVî'kkL= rFkk fgUnh ukVî fo/kku i`"B&228 12-Hkkjrh; laxhr ,d ,sfrgkfld fo'ys"k.k& Lora= 'kekZ i`0 17 13-mifu"kn vad i`0 670 o 667 dY;k.k vFkosZn esa laxhr& vFkosZn esa dgk x;k gS fd xk;u ls nso çlUu gksrs gSa rFkk vk;q ]çk.k ]çtk ]i'kq/ku ]dhfrZ vkfn dh o`f) gksrh gS Lrqrk e;k ojnk osnekrk çpksn;arka ikoekuh f}tkuke A vk;q% çk.ka çtk i'kqa dhfr æfo.ka czãop lZ~e A eíea nRok cztr czãyksde~ AA vFkoZ- 19&77&1 fu"d"kZr% ;g dgk tk ldrk gS fd oSfnd dky lkaxhfrd –f"Vdks.k ls cgqr gh le`) jgk gS bl dky esa ea=ksPpkj.k ] fofHkUu çdkj ds ok|ksa dk ç;ksx ,oa fL=;ksa dk lkaxhfrd #>ku Li"V :i ls fn[kkbZ nsrk gS tks dh oSfnd dky esa laxhr dh mPp voLFkk dks n'kkZrk gSA

×