SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 22
Innovation potential of 
organic and agro-ecological 
food and farming 
Krijn J. Poppe
My introduction 
Co-chair Strategic Working Group AKIS 
(Agricultural Knowledge and Innovation Systems) 
of the EU SCAR (Standing Committee on 
Agricultural Research) 
Economist and Research Manager at LEI Wageningen UR 
With a link to organic farming 
• Former member non-executive board of Nautilus, an organic coop. 
• Currently board member of SKAL, the Dutch organic inspection body
A recent experience in the field 
Bionica – phytophtora resistant potato 
Developed and breeded by Mr. Niek Vos, 
Kraggenburg, NL 
Based on search for wild resistant varieties 
by Wageningen academics in the Andes and 
basic breeding work (35 years ago) 
This year 500+ tons are grown 
However: 
• Tubers have red spots due to wild variety: will this sell? 
• White flesh potatoes don’t sell well in the NL, export needed 
• Critical views by plant breeders who think that just one 
resistance is a bridge for the virus to damage varieties with 
several resistances (created by Cisgeneses). And Bionica was 
created with the classic biotech.
My reflection on this field trip 
• Innovation can take a long time 
• There is a useful collaboration in innovation between 
academics, breeding companies and farmers 
• Technical innovations need to go hand in hand with 
marketing innovations: involve retail and consumer 
• Social innovation is needed to solve more complex issues 
as the co-existence between organic and e.g. cisgeneses
Need for innovation 
• How to feed 9 billion in 2050 in a sustainable way 
• Economic crisis and the need for innovation 
• Agriculture and food industry as an attractive sector to 
invest in: 
• Good returns expected 
• Sustainability problems have to be solved 
• Not much risk that the industry will leave the region 
• Reflected in policy measures, like EIP - including 
Horizon2020 and the renewed CAP
EU market for research and innovation.. 
• Research funds at national level are decreasing, in EU 
increasing, companies (and even farmers) more 
international oriented, large spill-overs >> EU 
collaboration needed 
• Cross-border collaboration in research could benefit from 
harmonisation of rules and procedures for commissioning 
research, to help to create to a more integrated ‘market’ 
for research. 
 That does not mean that national or regional 
authorities should give up their strategy and 
agenda setting processes: but could adopt such 
procedures that research institutes could easier 
match national and international funds for 
relevant topics.
Innovation is a broad concept 
• The implementation of a new or significantly 
improved product (good or service), or process, a new 
marketing method, or a new organisational method in 
business practices, workplace organisation or external 
relations. [source: OECD] 
• Also the public sector can innovate ! 
(and public aspects of agriculture)
Social Innovation 
‒ The concept of social innovation originates in critiques of 
traditional innovation theory. By calling for social 
innovation, new theories point at the need to take the 
social mechanisms of innovation into account (social 
mechanisms of innovation) 
‒ In the context of rural development, social innovation 
refers to the (social) objectives of innovation – that is 
those changes in the social fabric of rural societies, that 
are perceived as necessary and desirable in order to 
strengthening rural societies and addressing the 
sustainability challenge (social inclusion / equity: the 
innovation of society as well as the social responsibility of 
innovations)
9 
The agro-innovation system and theory 
• Innovation happens in a social system: “an institutional 
clustering of practices among the participants (not 
necessarily implying consensus)” (Anthony Giddens) 
• Long-term infrastructural investment in ‘mental capital’ 
and its improvement is crucial for successful economic 
development and for competitive trade performance (Chris 
Freeman for OECD, quoting List, Keynes, and investigating historical cases in Europe and Asia) 
• ‘Coupling mechanisms’ between the education system, 
scientific institutions, R&D facilities, production and 
markets have been an important aspect of the 
institutional changes introduced in successful ‘overtaking’ 
countries. (Freeman)
Knowledge & Innovation System: 7 functions 
1. Knowledge development and diffusion 
2. Influence on direction of search and identification of 
opportunities 
3. Entrepreneurial experimentation and management of 
risk and uncertainty 
4. Market formation 
5. Resource mobilisation 
6. Legitimation 
7. Development of positive externalities 
(c) M. Hekkert et al.
Innovation by interaction in networks 
• Innovation as a process has strong learning aspects: learn how 
to do new things, bottom-up. 
• Alternative: force (or pay for) quality standards, mandates 
• Thematically-focused learning networks of different actors can 
help. 
• Generating learning and innovation through interactions 
between the involved actors. 
• participation for all in the planning of work and experiments, 
their execution up until the dissemination of results and the 
demonstration phase 
• Members can include farmers, extension workers, food 
industry, researchers, government and ngo representatives and 
other stakeholders.
Different objectives, 
methods, and public roles
Science versus Innovation driven research 
Aspect Science driven research Innovation driven research 
Incentive to program a 
topic 
Emerging science that can 
contribute to solving a societal issue 
(or a scientific question) 
An issue / problem in society that can 
be solved by new research, or a new 
idea to solve an existing issue 
Participation of users 
In demonstration phase / via 
research dissemination 
In agenda setting, defining the problem 
and during the research process 
Quality criteria Scientific quality Relevance (for the sector or a region) 
Focus Research organisations 
Networks of producers and users of 
knowledge 
Diffusion model Linear model System (network) approach 
Type of government 
Science / Research Policy Innovation Policy 
policy 
Economic line of 
thinking 
Macro-economics Systems of innovation 
Type of research 
Interdisciplinary with absorption 
capacity in AKIS (to work with 
material science, ICT, chemistry 
etc.). 
Transdisciplinary and translational with 
close interactions.
Education 
Research 
Consumers 
Retailers 
Food 
processors 
Extension 
Input 
suppliers 
Farmers
ERANETs 
Research 
JPIs 
Education 
Consumers 
Retailers 
Food 
processors 
Extension 
Input 
suppliers 
Farmers 
Member states
Education 
Research 
Consumers 
Retailers 
Food 
processors 
Extension 
Input 
suppliers 
Farmers 
Member states 
ERANETs 
JPIs 
EIP-Agri’s 
Operational 
Groups
Interactive innovation and transdisciplinary research 
Large pool of OGs 
Many Networks 
Operational 
Group 
Several 
Projects 
Thematic Network Multi-stakeholder 
Research Project 
Farmers For replication and up-scaling: 
• End user material 
• Identify blockades 
• Research agenda 
Transdisciplinary research: 
Operational Groups as 
Researcher 
NGO cases and co-innovators 
Food company
Practical tips and further implications 
• How can a researcher find other stakeholders ? 
• Many do have contacts in their region with farmers, 
extensionists, food companies 
• Many have international contacts with other researchers 
(that have local contacts) 
‒ Search LinkedIn, join Eur. Assocations 
• And ICT is at your disposal... 
• And how about my publication and citation indices ? 
• Review papers and transdisciplinary research can be 
published (be creative !) 
• Incentives on excellence should be complemented by 
indicators for relevance and impact
Multi-actor innovation benefits from ICT 
Software type Tools evaluated Successful examples 
Knowledge portals (KP) Search engines: Google, Yahoo 
Slide and document sharing: 
Slideshare 
Video and photo sharing: 
YouTube, Flickr 
VOA3R, eXtension, Chil 
E-document management 
systems ( E-MS) 
Digital libraries: Groen 
Kennisnet in NL, Organic 
Eprints 
Organic Eprints, Agriwebinar 
Data Warehouse (DW) Eurostat, FADN FADN 
Groupware (GW) Wikipedia, Yammer, 
Crowdsourcing 
British Farming Forum, Lego 
Cuusoo, Climate CoLab, P&G 
Connect+Develop, Betacup 
Challenge 
Community of practice (CoP) ResearchGate, Erfaland Disease surveillance and 
warning systems, IDRAMAP 
Social communities of interest 
(SCI) 
Facebook, LinkedIn, Google+, 
Ning, Quora 
AgTalk+, E-Agriculture, Jeunes-agricultuers, 
Rede Inovar 
Individual communities of 
interest (ICI) 
Wordpress, Twitter, Blogs AG Chat
Special attention is needed to incentivize research to be 
responsive to the needs of innovation processes
National and regional governments can 
stimulate innovation 
by implementing the EIP. This should be translated in an 
instrument portfolio that: 
• Gives incentives for research, development and innovation; 
• Stimulates knowledge exchange, adoption of innovation, 
technical application in the production process; 
• Supports the activities of facilitators, innovation brokers and 
tutoring paths for farmers to implement innovations; 
• Value the input and knowledge of farmers; 
• Supports operational groups also to develop cross-border 
interactions; 
• Invests in AKIS-subsystems that have been underdeveloped in 
the specific national or regional situation.
Thank you for your 
attention 
krijn.poppe@wur.nl 
www.lei.wur.nl 
References 
• Reflection paper AKIS 1 
• Orientation paper AKIS 2 
• Summarizing powerpoint 
presentation available on 
SlideShare

More Related Content

What's hot

The Development-Smart Innovation through Research in Agriculture Initiative (...
The Development-Smart Innovation through Research in Agriculture Initiative (...The Development-Smart Innovation through Research in Agriculture Initiative (...
The Development-Smart Innovation through Research in Agriculture Initiative (...
Francois Stepman
 

What's hot (20)

Community and Governance Recommendations for the Future State of an e-infrast...
Community and Governance Recommendations for the Future State of an e-infrast...Community and Governance Recommendations for the Future State of an e-infrast...
Community and Governance Recommendations for the Future State of an e-infrast...
 
Agricultural Innovation Systems: An Introduction
Agricultural Innovation Systems: An IntroductionAgricultural Innovation Systems: An Introduction
Agricultural Innovation Systems: An Introduction
 
Role of Extension in Agricultural Innovation Systems_Kristin Davis
Role of Extension in Agricultural Innovation Systems_Kristin Davis Role of Extension in Agricultural Innovation Systems_Kristin Davis
Role of Extension in Agricultural Innovation Systems_Kristin Davis
 
Agricultural innovation system
Agricultural innovation systemAgricultural innovation system
Agricultural innovation system
 
Eurochioces at 20 AES Conference
Eurochioces at 20 AES ConferenceEurochioces at 20 AES Conference
Eurochioces at 20 AES Conference
 
Standard hlpd presentation_201412
Standard hlpd presentation_201412Standard hlpd presentation_201412
Standard hlpd presentation_201412
 
Agricultural innovation
Agricultural innovationAgricultural innovation
Agricultural innovation
 
Expereiences from Public-Private partnerships across Europe
Expereiences from Public-Private partnerships across EuropeExpereiences from Public-Private partnerships across Europe
Expereiences from Public-Private partnerships across Europe
 
Agricultural Innovation Systems: ‘Introduction 100,001’
Agricultural Innovation Systems: ‘Introduction 100,001’Agricultural Innovation Systems: ‘Introduction 100,001’
Agricultural Innovation Systems: ‘Introduction 100,001’
 
Interactive Innovation in Motion
Interactive Innovation in MotionInteractive Innovation in Motion
Interactive Innovation in Motion
 
FACCE JPI agenda on big data and digitization of agriculture
FACCE JPI agenda on big data and digitization of agricultureFACCE JPI agenda on big data and digitization of agriculture
FACCE JPI agenda on big data and digitization of agriculture
 
Akis 1 +2 presentation final reports
Akis 1 +2 presentation final reportsAkis 1 +2 presentation final reports
Akis 1 +2 presentation final reports
 
North-South partnership in research and education for the transformation of ...
 North-South partnership in research and education for the transformation of ... North-South partnership in research and education for the transformation of ...
North-South partnership in research and education for the transformation of ...
 
Socio-Technical Innovation Bundles for Agri-Food Systems Transformation: Impl...
Socio-Technical Innovation Bundles for Agri-Food Systems Transformation: Impl...Socio-Technical Innovation Bundles for Agri-Food Systems Transformation: Impl...
Socio-Technical Innovation Bundles for Agri-Food Systems Transformation: Impl...
 
North-South partnership in research and education for the transformation of ...
 North-South partnership in research and education for the transformation of ... North-South partnership in research and education for the transformation of ...
North-South partnership in research and education for the transformation of ...
 
The Development-Smart Innovation through Research in Agriculture Initiative (...
The Development-Smart Innovation through Research in Agriculture Initiative (...The Development-Smart Innovation through Research in Agriculture Initiative (...
The Development-Smart Innovation through Research in Agriculture Initiative (...
 
The Food Systems Innovation initiative (FSI) by Dr A.Hall
The Food Systems Innovation initiative (FSI) by Dr A.Hall The Food Systems Innovation initiative (FSI) by Dr A.Hall
The Food Systems Innovation initiative (FSI) by Dr A.Hall
 
Pipelines, partnerships and platforms
Pipelines, partnerships and platformsPipelines, partnerships and platforms
Pipelines, partnerships and platforms
 
People in the Bioeconomy 2044. VTT Visions 4
People in the Bioeconomy 2044. VTT Visions 4People in the Bioeconomy 2044. VTT Visions 4
People in the Bioeconomy 2044. VTT Visions 4
 
EIP-AGRI Focus Group Nutrient recycling - Koen Desimpelaere - EIP-AGRI Servic...
EIP-AGRI Focus Group Nutrient recycling - Koen Desimpelaere - EIP-AGRI Servic...EIP-AGRI Focus Group Nutrient recycling - Koen Desimpelaere - EIP-AGRI Servic...
EIP-AGRI Focus Group Nutrient recycling - Koen Desimpelaere - EIP-AGRI Servic...
 

Similar to Kjp on akis for ifoam bari

Conference of the Sustainable Consumption Research and Action Initiative (SCO...
Conference of the Sustainable Consumption Research and Action Initiative (SCO...Conference of the Sustainable Consumption Research and Action Initiative (SCO...
Conference of the Sustainable Consumption Research and Action Initiative (SCO...
FutureEarthAsiaCentre
 
Peter van der hijden at unica, brussels, 8 may 2013
Peter van der hijden at unica, brussels, 8 may 2013Peter van der hijden at unica, brussels, 8 may 2013
Peter van der hijden at unica, brussels, 8 may 2013
Anneliesvub
 

Similar to Kjp on akis for ifoam bari (20)

KJ Poppe AKIS 3 at Euragri 2014 Montpellier
KJ Poppe AKIS 3 at Euragri 2014 MontpellierKJ Poppe AKIS 3 at Euragri 2014 Montpellier
KJ Poppe AKIS 3 at Euragri 2014 Montpellier
 
AKIS 1 +2 + 3 Ancona june 2015
AKIS 1 +2 + 3 Ancona june 2015AKIS 1 +2 + 3 Ancona june 2015
AKIS 1 +2 + 3 Ancona june 2015
 
Increasing development impact niarobi nov 2016 final
Increasing development impact niarobi nov 2016 finalIncreasing development impact niarobi nov 2016 final
Increasing development impact niarobi nov 2016 final
 
System redesign in animal production: Dutch experiences and broader relevance
System redesign in animal production: Dutch experiences and broader relevanceSystem redesign in animal production: Dutch experiences and broader relevance
System redesign in animal production: Dutch experiences and broader relevance
 
Andy hall framework partnership and innovation@apaari
Andy hall framework partnership and innovation@apaariAndy hall framework partnership and innovation@apaari
Andy hall framework partnership and innovation@apaari
 
Participatory communications and uptake communications
Participatory communications and uptake communicationsParticipatory communications and uptake communications
Participatory communications and uptake communications
 
Grand Challenges and Open Science for the Food System
Grand Challenges and Open Science for the Food SystemGrand Challenges and Open Science for the Food System
Grand Challenges and Open Science for the Food System
 
Social Innovation for Healthy Aging 2015
Social Innovation for Healthy Aging 2015Social Innovation for Healthy Aging 2015
Social Innovation for Healthy Aging 2015
 
The Vision and the Grand Challenges of the Agri-Food Community
The Vision and the Grand Challenges of the Agri-Food CommunityThe Vision and the Grand Challenges of the Agri-Food Community
The Vision and the Grand Challenges of the Agri-Food Community
 
KjJ Poppe 7th phd workshop barcelona 2017
KjJ Poppe 7th phd workshop barcelona 2017KjJ Poppe 7th phd workshop barcelona 2017
KjJ Poppe 7th phd workshop barcelona 2017
 
Presentation of the OECD project on governance of STI for global challenges
Presentation of the OECD project on governance of STI for global challengesPresentation of the OECD project on governance of STI for global challenges
Presentation of the OECD project on governance of STI for global challenges
 
R. Malagrida: Responsible Research and Innovation, a new paradigm in Horizon ...
R. Malagrida: Responsible Research and Innovation, a new paradigm in Horizon ...R. Malagrida: Responsible Research and Innovation, a new paradigm in Horizon ...
R. Malagrida: Responsible Research and Innovation, a new paradigm in Horizon ...
 
An overview of innovation platforms
An overview of innovation platformsAn overview of innovation platforms
An overview of innovation platforms
 
From technology transfer (TT) to agricultural innovation systems (AIS)
From technology transfer (TT) to agricultural innovation systems (AIS)From technology transfer (TT) to agricultural innovation systems (AIS)
From technology transfer (TT) to agricultural innovation systems (AIS)
 
Open scholarship and responsible innovation: a research and innovation agenda...
Open scholarship and responsible innovation: a research and innovation agenda...Open scholarship and responsible innovation: a research and innovation agenda...
Open scholarship and responsible innovation: a research and innovation agenda...
 
Incentivizing Small-Scale Sustainable Agriculture
Incentivizing Small-Scale Sustainable AgricultureIncentivizing Small-Scale Sustainable Agriculture
Incentivizing Small-Scale Sustainable Agriculture
 
Interview presentation for Newcastle University
Interview presentation for Newcastle UniversityInterview presentation for Newcastle University
Interview presentation for Newcastle University
 
KJP EAAE seminar Kiev 2016
KJP EAAE seminar Kiev 2016KJP EAAE seminar Kiev 2016
KJP EAAE seminar Kiev 2016
 
Conference of the Sustainable Consumption Research and Action Initiative (SCO...
Conference of the Sustainable Consumption Research and Action Initiative (SCO...Conference of the Sustainable Consumption Research and Action Initiative (SCO...
Conference of the Sustainable Consumption Research and Action Initiative (SCO...
 
Peter van der hijden at unica, brussels, 8 may 2013
Peter van der hijden at unica, brussels, 8 may 2013Peter van der hijden at unica, brussels, 8 may 2013
Peter van der hijden at unica, brussels, 8 may 2013
 

More from Krijn Poppe

More from Krijn Poppe (20)

Presentation for the Strategic Dialogue on the Future of Agriculture, Brussel...
Presentation for the Strategic Dialogue on the Future of Agriculture, Brussel...Presentation for the Strategic Dialogue on the Future of Agriculture, Brussel...
Presentation for the Strategic Dialogue on the Future of Agriculture, Brussel...
 
KJPoppe DG AGRI Certification as a tool to reduce administrative burdens
KJPoppe DG AGRI Certification as a tool to reduce administrative burdensKJPoppe DG AGRI Certification as a tool to reduce administrative burdens
KJPoppe DG AGRI Certification as a tool to reduce administrative burdens
 
KJ Poppe Teeltondersteunende hardware.pptx
KJ Poppe Teeltondersteunende hardware.pptxKJ Poppe Teeltondersteunende hardware.pptx
KJ Poppe Teeltondersteunende hardware.pptx
 
KJ Poppe Zuivel NL.pdf
KJ Poppe Zuivel NL.pdfKJ Poppe Zuivel NL.pdf
KJ Poppe Zuivel NL.pdf
 
KJ Poppe Werkverband Friesland 2023.pdf
KJ Poppe Werkverband Friesland 2023.pdfKJ Poppe Werkverband Friesland 2023.pdf
KJ Poppe Werkverband Friesland 2023.pdf
 
KJ Poppe Economendag 2023 Stikstof.pptx
KJ Poppe Economendag 2023 Stikstof.pptxKJ Poppe Economendag 2023 Stikstof.pptx
KJ Poppe Economendag 2023 Stikstof.pptx
 
Lezing PAL KJ Poppe.pptx
Lezing PAL KJ Poppe.pptxLezing PAL KJ Poppe.pptx
Lezing PAL KJ Poppe.pptx
 
MEF4CAP national workshop NL KJP March 2023.pptx
MEF4CAP national workshop NL KJP March 2023.pptxMEF4CAP national workshop NL KJP March 2023.pptx
MEF4CAP national workshop NL KJP March 2023.pptx
 
Regie op Ruimte Bijmengen Studiekring.pptx
Regie op Ruimte Bijmengen Studiekring.pptxRegie op Ruimte Bijmengen Studiekring.pptx
Regie op Ruimte Bijmengen Studiekring.pptx
 
MEF4CAP workshop Dublin March 2023.pdf
MEF4CAP workshop Dublin March 2023.pdfMEF4CAP workshop Dublin March 2023.pdf
MEF4CAP workshop Dublin March 2023.pdf
 
Presentation EEAC briefing paper PV EU.pptx
Presentation EEAC briefing paper PV EU.pptxPresentation EEAC briefing paper PV EU.pptx
Presentation EEAC briefing paper PV EU.pptx
 
Sustainable Blending OECD Seminar.pptx
Sustainable Blending OECD Seminar.pptxSustainable Blending OECD Seminar.pptx
Sustainable Blending OECD Seminar.pptx
 
Presentation EEAC position paper NL.pptx
Presentation EEAC position paper NL.pptxPresentation EEAC position paper NL.pptx
Presentation EEAC position paper NL.pptx
 
Bijmengen.pdf
Bijmengen.pdfBijmengen.pdf
Bijmengen.pdf
 
KJ Poppe Actualiteiten Dronten en Blaricum.pptx
KJ Poppe Actualiteiten Dronten en Blaricum.pptxKJ Poppe Actualiteiten Dronten en Blaricum.pptx
KJ Poppe Actualiteiten Dronten en Blaricum.pptx
 
Sustainable food systems and the role of the agricultural economist
Sustainable food systems and the role of the agricultural economistSustainable food systems and the role of the agricultural economist
Sustainable food systems and the role of the agricultural economist
 
Presentatie Pov Flevoland_6_juli_2022_.PPTX
Presentatie Pov Flevoland_6_juli_2022_.PPTXPresentatie Pov Flevoland_6_juli_2022_.PPTX
Presentatie Pov Flevoland_6_juli_2022_.PPTX
 
Rli presentatie landbouwadvies tbv Waterskip Friesland mei 2022.pptx
Rli presentatie landbouwadvies tbv Waterskip Friesland mei 2022.pptxRli presentatie landbouwadvies tbv Waterskip Friesland mei 2022.pptx
Rli presentatie landbouwadvies tbv Waterskip Friesland mei 2022.pptx
 
Lezing NISCOO Heerenveen 2022.pptx
Lezing NISCOO Heerenveen 2022.pptxLezing NISCOO Heerenveen 2022.pptx
Lezing NISCOO Heerenveen 2022.pptx
 
ENZA Lecture 2022 Krijn Poppe.pptx
ENZA Lecture 2022 Krijn Poppe.pptxENZA Lecture 2022 Krijn Poppe.pptx
ENZA Lecture 2022 Krijn Poppe.pptx
 

Recently uploaded

HIV AND INFULENZA VIRUS PPT HIV PPT INFULENZA VIRUS PPT
HIV AND INFULENZA VIRUS PPT HIV PPT  INFULENZA VIRUS PPTHIV AND INFULENZA VIRUS PPT HIV PPT  INFULENZA VIRUS PPT
Electricity and Circuits for Grade 9 students
Electricity and Circuits for Grade 9 studentsElectricity and Circuits for Grade 9 students
Electricity and Circuits for Grade 9 students
levieagacer
 
Nanoparticles for the Treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease_102718.pptx
Nanoparticles for the Treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease_102718.pptxNanoparticles for the Treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease_102718.pptx
Nanoparticles for the Treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease_102718.pptx
ssusera4ec7b
 

Recently uploaded (20)

GBSN - Biochemistry (Unit 3) Metabolism
GBSN - Biochemistry (Unit 3) MetabolismGBSN - Biochemistry (Unit 3) Metabolism
GBSN - Biochemistry (Unit 3) Metabolism
 
Factor Causing low production and physiology of mamary Gland
Factor Causing low production and physiology of mamary GlandFactor Causing low production and physiology of mamary Gland
Factor Causing low production and physiology of mamary Gland
 
HIV AND INFULENZA VIRUS PPT HIV PPT INFULENZA VIRUS PPT
HIV AND INFULENZA VIRUS PPT HIV PPT  INFULENZA VIRUS PPTHIV AND INFULENZA VIRUS PPT HIV PPT  INFULENZA VIRUS PPT
HIV AND INFULENZA VIRUS PPT HIV PPT INFULENZA VIRUS PPT
 
X-rays from a Central “Exhaust Vent” of the Galactic Center Chimney
X-rays from a Central “Exhaust Vent” of the Galactic Center ChimneyX-rays from a Central “Exhaust Vent” of the Galactic Center Chimney
X-rays from a Central “Exhaust Vent” of the Galactic Center Chimney
 
Film Coated Tablet and Film Coating raw materials.pdf
Film Coated Tablet and Film Coating raw materials.pdfFilm Coated Tablet and Film Coating raw materials.pdf
Film Coated Tablet and Film Coating raw materials.pdf
 
Technical english Technical english.pptx
Technical english Technical english.pptxTechnical english Technical english.pptx
Technical english Technical english.pptx
 
dkNET Webinar: The 4DN Data Portal - Data, Resources and Tools to Help Elucid...
dkNET Webinar: The 4DN Data Portal - Data, Resources and Tools to Help Elucid...dkNET Webinar: The 4DN Data Portal - Data, Resources and Tools to Help Elucid...
dkNET Webinar: The 4DN Data Portal - Data, Resources and Tools to Help Elucid...
 
Adaptive Restore algorithm & importance Monte Carlo
Adaptive Restore algorithm & importance Monte CarloAdaptive Restore algorithm & importance Monte Carlo
Adaptive Restore algorithm & importance Monte Carlo
 
Electricity and Circuits for Grade 9 students
Electricity and Circuits for Grade 9 studentsElectricity and Circuits for Grade 9 students
Electricity and Circuits for Grade 9 students
 
NuGOweek 2024 programme final FLYER short.pdf
NuGOweek 2024 programme final FLYER short.pdfNuGOweek 2024 programme final FLYER short.pdf
NuGOweek 2024 programme final FLYER short.pdf
 
Nanoparticles for the Treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease_102718.pptx
Nanoparticles for the Treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease_102718.pptxNanoparticles for the Treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease_102718.pptx
Nanoparticles for the Treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease_102718.pptx
 
PHOTOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA (OXYGENIC AND ANOXYGENIC)
PHOTOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA  (OXYGENIC AND ANOXYGENIC)PHOTOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA  (OXYGENIC AND ANOXYGENIC)
PHOTOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA (OXYGENIC AND ANOXYGENIC)
 
Harry Coumnas Thinks That Human Teleportation is Possible in Quantum Mechanic...
Harry Coumnas Thinks That Human Teleportation is Possible in Quantum Mechanic...Harry Coumnas Thinks That Human Teleportation is Possible in Quantum Mechanic...
Harry Coumnas Thinks That Human Teleportation is Possible in Quantum Mechanic...
 
Terpineol and it's characterization pptx
Terpineol and it's characterization pptxTerpineol and it's characterization pptx
Terpineol and it's characterization pptx
 
NUMERICAL Proof Of TIme Electron Theory.
NUMERICAL Proof Of TIme Electron Theory.NUMERICAL Proof Of TIme Electron Theory.
NUMERICAL Proof Of TIme Electron Theory.
 
Vital Signs of Animals Presentation By Aftab Ahmed Rahimoon
Vital Signs of Animals Presentation By Aftab Ahmed RahimoonVital Signs of Animals Presentation By Aftab Ahmed Rahimoon
Vital Signs of Animals Presentation By Aftab Ahmed Rahimoon
 
GBSN - Microbiology (Unit 5) Concept of isolation
GBSN - Microbiology (Unit 5) Concept of isolationGBSN - Microbiology (Unit 5) Concept of isolation
GBSN - Microbiology (Unit 5) Concept of isolation
 
Manganese‐RichSandstonesasanIndicatorofAncientOxic LakeWaterConditionsinGale...
Manganese‐RichSandstonesasanIndicatorofAncientOxic  LakeWaterConditionsinGale...Manganese‐RichSandstonesasanIndicatorofAncientOxic  LakeWaterConditionsinGale...
Manganese‐RichSandstonesasanIndicatorofAncientOxic LakeWaterConditionsinGale...
 
Classification of Kerogen, Perspective on palynofacies in depositional envi...
Classification of Kerogen,  Perspective on palynofacies in depositional  envi...Classification of Kerogen,  Perspective on palynofacies in depositional  envi...
Classification of Kerogen, Perspective on palynofacies in depositional envi...
 
FORENSIC CHEMISTRY ARSON INVESTIGATION.pdf
FORENSIC CHEMISTRY ARSON INVESTIGATION.pdfFORENSIC CHEMISTRY ARSON INVESTIGATION.pdf
FORENSIC CHEMISTRY ARSON INVESTIGATION.pdf
 

Kjp on akis for ifoam bari

  • 1. Innovation potential of organic and agro-ecological food and farming Krijn J. Poppe
  • 2. My introduction Co-chair Strategic Working Group AKIS (Agricultural Knowledge and Innovation Systems) of the EU SCAR (Standing Committee on Agricultural Research) Economist and Research Manager at LEI Wageningen UR With a link to organic farming • Former member non-executive board of Nautilus, an organic coop. • Currently board member of SKAL, the Dutch organic inspection body
  • 3. A recent experience in the field Bionica – phytophtora resistant potato Developed and breeded by Mr. Niek Vos, Kraggenburg, NL Based on search for wild resistant varieties by Wageningen academics in the Andes and basic breeding work (35 years ago) This year 500+ tons are grown However: • Tubers have red spots due to wild variety: will this sell? • White flesh potatoes don’t sell well in the NL, export needed • Critical views by plant breeders who think that just one resistance is a bridge for the virus to damage varieties with several resistances (created by Cisgeneses). And Bionica was created with the classic biotech.
  • 4. My reflection on this field trip • Innovation can take a long time • There is a useful collaboration in innovation between academics, breeding companies and farmers • Technical innovations need to go hand in hand with marketing innovations: involve retail and consumer • Social innovation is needed to solve more complex issues as the co-existence between organic and e.g. cisgeneses
  • 5. Need for innovation • How to feed 9 billion in 2050 in a sustainable way • Economic crisis and the need for innovation • Agriculture and food industry as an attractive sector to invest in: • Good returns expected • Sustainability problems have to be solved • Not much risk that the industry will leave the region • Reflected in policy measures, like EIP - including Horizon2020 and the renewed CAP
  • 6. EU market for research and innovation.. • Research funds at national level are decreasing, in EU increasing, companies (and even farmers) more international oriented, large spill-overs >> EU collaboration needed • Cross-border collaboration in research could benefit from harmonisation of rules and procedures for commissioning research, to help to create to a more integrated ‘market’ for research.  That does not mean that national or regional authorities should give up their strategy and agenda setting processes: but could adopt such procedures that research institutes could easier match national and international funds for relevant topics.
  • 7. Innovation is a broad concept • The implementation of a new or significantly improved product (good or service), or process, a new marketing method, or a new organisational method in business practices, workplace organisation or external relations. [source: OECD] • Also the public sector can innovate ! (and public aspects of agriculture)
  • 8. Social Innovation ‒ The concept of social innovation originates in critiques of traditional innovation theory. By calling for social innovation, new theories point at the need to take the social mechanisms of innovation into account (social mechanisms of innovation) ‒ In the context of rural development, social innovation refers to the (social) objectives of innovation – that is those changes in the social fabric of rural societies, that are perceived as necessary and desirable in order to strengthening rural societies and addressing the sustainability challenge (social inclusion / equity: the innovation of society as well as the social responsibility of innovations)
  • 9. 9 The agro-innovation system and theory • Innovation happens in a social system: “an institutional clustering of practices among the participants (not necessarily implying consensus)” (Anthony Giddens) • Long-term infrastructural investment in ‘mental capital’ and its improvement is crucial for successful economic development and for competitive trade performance (Chris Freeman for OECD, quoting List, Keynes, and investigating historical cases in Europe and Asia) • ‘Coupling mechanisms’ between the education system, scientific institutions, R&D facilities, production and markets have been an important aspect of the institutional changes introduced in successful ‘overtaking’ countries. (Freeman)
  • 10. Knowledge & Innovation System: 7 functions 1. Knowledge development and diffusion 2. Influence on direction of search and identification of opportunities 3. Entrepreneurial experimentation and management of risk and uncertainty 4. Market formation 5. Resource mobilisation 6. Legitimation 7. Development of positive externalities (c) M. Hekkert et al.
  • 11. Innovation by interaction in networks • Innovation as a process has strong learning aspects: learn how to do new things, bottom-up. • Alternative: force (or pay for) quality standards, mandates • Thematically-focused learning networks of different actors can help. • Generating learning and innovation through interactions between the involved actors. • participation for all in the planning of work and experiments, their execution up until the dissemination of results and the demonstration phase • Members can include farmers, extension workers, food industry, researchers, government and ngo representatives and other stakeholders.
  • 12. Different objectives, methods, and public roles
  • 13. Science versus Innovation driven research Aspect Science driven research Innovation driven research Incentive to program a topic Emerging science that can contribute to solving a societal issue (or a scientific question) An issue / problem in society that can be solved by new research, or a new idea to solve an existing issue Participation of users In demonstration phase / via research dissemination In agenda setting, defining the problem and during the research process Quality criteria Scientific quality Relevance (for the sector or a region) Focus Research organisations Networks of producers and users of knowledge Diffusion model Linear model System (network) approach Type of government Science / Research Policy Innovation Policy policy Economic line of thinking Macro-economics Systems of innovation Type of research Interdisciplinary with absorption capacity in AKIS (to work with material science, ICT, chemistry etc.). Transdisciplinary and translational with close interactions.
  • 14. Education Research Consumers Retailers Food processors Extension Input suppliers Farmers
  • 15. ERANETs Research JPIs Education Consumers Retailers Food processors Extension Input suppliers Farmers Member states
  • 16. Education Research Consumers Retailers Food processors Extension Input suppliers Farmers Member states ERANETs JPIs EIP-Agri’s Operational Groups
  • 17. Interactive innovation and transdisciplinary research Large pool of OGs Many Networks Operational Group Several Projects Thematic Network Multi-stakeholder Research Project Farmers For replication and up-scaling: • End user material • Identify blockades • Research agenda Transdisciplinary research: Operational Groups as Researcher NGO cases and co-innovators Food company
  • 18. Practical tips and further implications • How can a researcher find other stakeholders ? • Many do have contacts in their region with farmers, extensionists, food companies • Many have international contacts with other researchers (that have local contacts) ‒ Search LinkedIn, join Eur. Assocations • And ICT is at your disposal... • And how about my publication and citation indices ? • Review papers and transdisciplinary research can be published (be creative !) • Incentives on excellence should be complemented by indicators for relevance and impact
  • 19. Multi-actor innovation benefits from ICT Software type Tools evaluated Successful examples Knowledge portals (KP) Search engines: Google, Yahoo Slide and document sharing: Slideshare Video and photo sharing: YouTube, Flickr VOA3R, eXtension, Chil E-document management systems ( E-MS) Digital libraries: Groen Kennisnet in NL, Organic Eprints Organic Eprints, Agriwebinar Data Warehouse (DW) Eurostat, FADN FADN Groupware (GW) Wikipedia, Yammer, Crowdsourcing British Farming Forum, Lego Cuusoo, Climate CoLab, P&G Connect+Develop, Betacup Challenge Community of practice (CoP) ResearchGate, Erfaland Disease surveillance and warning systems, IDRAMAP Social communities of interest (SCI) Facebook, LinkedIn, Google+, Ning, Quora AgTalk+, E-Agriculture, Jeunes-agricultuers, Rede Inovar Individual communities of interest (ICI) Wordpress, Twitter, Blogs AG Chat
  • 20. Special attention is needed to incentivize research to be responsive to the needs of innovation processes
  • 21. National and regional governments can stimulate innovation by implementing the EIP. This should be translated in an instrument portfolio that: • Gives incentives for research, development and innovation; • Stimulates knowledge exchange, adoption of innovation, technical application in the production process; • Supports the activities of facilitators, innovation brokers and tutoring paths for farmers to implement innovations; • Value the input and knowledge of farmers; • Supports operational groups also to develop cross-border interactions; • Invests in AKIS-subsystems that have been underdeveloped in the specific national or regional situation.
  • 22. Thank you for your attention krijn.poppe@wur.nl www.lei.wur.nl References • Reflection paper AKIS 1 • Orientation paper AKIS 2 • Summarizing powerpoint presentation available on SlideShare