Sparta and athens2010 web

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  • VVS
  • Sparta and athens2010 web

    1. 1. Grouping <ul><li>Ares </li></ul><ul><li>Athena </li></ul><ul><li>Lykurgos </li></ul><ul><li>Solon </li></ul>
    2. 2. Ares <ul><li>The god of war </li></ul><ul><li># 1 god of Sparta </li></ul>
    3. 3. Athena <ul><li>Goddess of War & Wisdom </li></ul><ul><li>#1 God/Goddess of Athens </li></ul><ul><li>She gave them the olive tree </li></ul>
    4. 4. Lykurgos <ul><li>The reason the Spartans won’t change!! </li></ul><ul><li>An unchangeable constitution and laws </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A Government –Oligarchy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equal Land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Iron for $$ - Not like real $$ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Constitution was helped made by dog pups </li></ul><ul><li>“ Not until I return to Sparta.” </li></ul>
    5. 5. Solon <ul><ul><li>Take away upper class power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set limits on land owned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Erase all debts & free any </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>enslaved because of debt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All people can take part in the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>government (assembly & law court) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offer citizenship to non-Athenians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All boys can be taught a trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trade increases </li></ul></ul>
    6. 7. Comparing Stations Sparta VS. Athens
    7. 8. 27.1 Life in the two poleis <ul><li>Farmland on a plain </li></ul><ul><li>No walls </li></ul><ul><li>Simple and plain buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers always patrol the streets </li></ul><ul><li>Walled city near the sea </li></ul><ul><li>Debate government </li></ul><ul><li>Busy trading port </li></ul><ul><li>Beautiful buildings </li></ul>Sparta VS. Athens
    8. 9. 27.2 Comparing Two City-States <ul><li>Isolated on a plain b/w 2 mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Peloponnesus Peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>Did not trade took what they needed </li></ul><ul><li>Suspicious of others </li></ul><ul><li>Valued strength and simplicity </li></ul><ul><li>Near the Aegean Sea = encouraged them to look towards others and the world around them </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraged artists and spread their ideas with others </li></ul><ul><li>Strong relationships with other city-states </li></ul><ul><li>Great navy </li></ul><ul><li>Balkan Peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>Hate </li></ul><ul><li>each </li></ul><ul><li>other </li></ul>Sparta VS. Athens
    9. 10. The Parthenon Temple to Athena
    10. 14. Life in Athens & Our Blooming Artists
    11. 15. Life in Sparta & Our Blooming Artists
    12. 18. Government Oligarchy Council of Elders 2 kings & 28 others Assembly – Cannot debate only say yes or no to a law and picks the Elders by shouting out their names Democracy Everyone takes part Council 500 men over the age of 30 Deal with day to day issues Assembly debates issues Only free men Women don’t vote Assembly lots of men that propose laws Sparta VS. Athens
    13. 19. Economy Depends on farming To get more land they take over their neighbors Slaves (Helots) and noncitizens produce any goods needed No trade b/c of Xenophobia No coins- iron bars = keep from trading Depended on trade Land not good for farming so they rely on the sea and their good harbor Trade with places such as Egypt and Italy Olive oil, honey, pottery, etc. Agora = Marketplace Slaves were bought and sold here too Coins were made out of precious metals and had symbols on them Sparta VS. Athens
    14. 20. Education Philosophy – Protect the City Both girls & boys were taught how to fight Unhealthy babies are left to die on a hill Boys: At 7 they go to camp and learn how to steal, fight, and be tough At 20 took a test to see if they were good warriors They live in barracks until 30 years old Philosophy – Be a good citizen Book learning and physical education Until 6 they are taught at home Until 14 they go to school – reading, writing, math, literature, sports, singing, and playing instruments 18 years old they start their military training Girls – learned how to read, write, cook, clean, make clothing, songs, and dances Some rich women had a better education Sparta VS. Athens
    15. 21. Women & Slaves Women: Wore plain clothing with little decoration- no jewelry Expected to fight if needed Free to speak to men Own land & Control Property Divorce their husbands Slaves /Helots: People that were conquered by the Spartans More helots than citizens Spartan gov. legally kill them They could marry and even buy their freedom Women: Cannot own property or vote Could not choose their husbands and there is no divorce Not go outside unescorted/ talk to men Manage the house and children Slaves/Helots: Captured in war & some born into it Variety of jobs, some bad (mines) but some were teachers and doctors Have Slaves Sparta VS. Athens

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