Sparta S. Central Greece in Peloponnesus Founded by the Dorians HW FlashCards
Men in Sparta liked to go to fancy dinner parties known as symposiums.  Many guests like to tell riddles! So in the true t...
Lineage <ul><li>Zeus +  Taygete  Eurotas   </li></ul><ul><li>Lacedaemon (boy)  +  Sparta (girl) </li></ul><ul><li>Menelaos...
 
Sparta a city of culture and the arts??  Say WHAT???? <ul><li>Used to be a polis that loved to </li></ul><ul><li>Have visi...
The Argos Affect <ul><li>Did these ideas stay around?? </li></ul><ul><li>I wonder why………… </li></ul><ul><li>HEHE….but I am...
Readings on Sparta <ul><li>Now to learn more about the Spartans </li></ul><ul><li>Read page 163 - 164 in the Human Heritag...
 
 
 
<ul><li>More land!!!! </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They Accomplished this not by colonization like all the other polises but ...
 
 
The more land the conquered. . . <ul><li>the more HELOTS there were </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eventually they out numbered...
Lykurgos- 776 BC   <ul><li>The reason the Spartans won’t change!! </li></ul><ul><li>An unchangeable constitution and laws ...
Spartan Culture <ul><li>Mission:   become the strongest people in Greece and take over all others by force!! </li></ul><ul...
Spartan Culture <ul><li>Mission:   become the strongest people in Greece and take over all others by force!! </li></ul><ul...
Spartan Culture <ul><li>Mission:   become the strongest people in Greece and take over all others by force!! </li></ul><ul...
Spartan Culture <ul><li>Mission:   become the strongest people in Greece and take over all others by force!! </li></ul><ul...
Spartan Culture <ul><li>Mission:   become the strongest people in Greece and take over all others by force!! </li></ul><ul...
More Land <ul><li>Mission:   become the strongest people in Greece and take over all others by force!!   </li></ul><ul><li...
Preventing Change <ul><li>How do the Spartans Prevent Change!? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use iron rods instead of coins :  the...
Xenophobia <ul><li>Define:  Fear of Foreign People </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paranoid and distrust inferior people </li></ul><...
<ul><li>The Spartan Adventure </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>469 B.C.E. </li></ul></ul></ul>
Social Status Aristocrats Perioeci Helots
<ul><li>Aristocrats </li></ul><ul><li>Def- Wealthy People </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Little interest in ...
<ul><li>Perioeci </li></ul><ul><li>Def- Merchants and artisans who live in the local villages </li></ul><ul><li>Not Citize...
<ul><li>Helots </li></ul><ul><li>Farm the land (forced to work the land they once owned) </li></ul><ul><li>Half of their c...
The Government   Oligarchy:  Power in the hand of the few Kings Members of the Assembly Ephors &  Elders
<ul><li>Kings </li></ul><ul><li>1 st  one king </li></ul><ul><li>Later  2 kings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elected by the noble...
<ul><li>Members of the Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>All  men over 30 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Jobs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>Ephors & Elders </li></ul><ul><li>Ephors   –  5 new members elected every year  (from the Assembly) </li></ul><ul>...
250 year of military strength comes at a price. . .  <ul><li>As the rest of Greece advances in the areas of trade, science...
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Sparta

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Ancient Sparta

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Sparta

  1. 1. Sparta S. Central Greece in Peloponnesus Founded by the Dorians HW FlashCards
  2. 2. Men in Sparta liked to go to fancy dinner parties known as symposiums. Many guests like to tell riddles! So in the true tradition and culture of the Ancient Spartans solve this riddle… <ul><li>“When you look at me, I look at you. When you speak, I open my mouth and move my lips, but you cannot hear me and I can see you. What am I?” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Lineage <ul><li>Zeus + Taygete Eurotas </li></ul><ul><li>Lacedaemon (boy) + Sparta (girl) </li></ul><ul><li>Menelaos and Agamemnon </li></ul><ul><li>(Husband of Helen = Troy) </li></ul><ul><li>Ermione (daughter) + Orestes (son) </li></ul><ul><li>Unite Argos & Sparta = lots of culture!! </li></ul>http://www.sikyon.com/Sparta/history_eg.html
  4. 5. Sparta a city of culture and the arts?? Say WHAT???? <ul><li>Used to be a polis that loved to </li></ul><ul><li>Have visitors </li></ul><ul><li>Dances </li></ul><ul><li>Arts </li></ul><ul><li>Musicians </li></ul><ul><li>Purple dyed robes </li></ul><ul><li>I like to call this the ARGOS affect!! </li></ul>
  5. 6. The Argos Affect <ul><li>Did these ideas stay around?? </li></ul><ul><li>I wonder why………… </li></ul><ul><li>HEHE….but I am going to keep you in suspense for a little…. </li></ul><ul><li>Isn’t it great being the teacher!! </li></ul>
  6. 7. Readings on Sparta <ul><li>Now to learn more about the Spartans </li></ul><ul><li>Read page 163 - 164 in the Human Heritage book to find out about the geographic and political organization of Greece and fill in the worksheet </li></ul><ul><li>(Individual Work) </li></ul>
  7. 11. <ul><li>More land!!!! </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They Accomplished this not by colonization like all the other polises but by conquering their neighbors and enslaving them (Helots) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Helots- Enslaved People! </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>As Sparta grew they needed. . .
  8. 14. The more land the conquered. . . <ul><li>the more HELOTS there were </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eventually they out numbered Spartans citizens 20 to 1 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>This makes Spartans paranoid and they must continue to be a very powerful army without any harmful outside influences </li></ul><ul><li>They need someone to help them become stable!! </li></ul>
  9. 15. Lykurgos- 776 BC <ul><li>The reason the Spartans won’t change!! </li></ul><ul><li>An unchangeable constitution and laws </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A Government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equal Land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Iron for $$ - Not like real $$ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Constitution was helped made </li></ul><ul><li>by dog pups </li></ul><ul><li>“ Not until I return to Sparta.” </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.sikyon.com/Sparta/history_eg.html </li></ul>
  10. 16. Spartan Culture <ul><li>Mission: become the strongest people in Greece and take over all others by force!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How will they do this?? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have only strong people (men) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kill babies that are not healthy </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>7 year old boys sent to military camp </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Little food, clothing, sleep outside, </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Practice naked no matter temp. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marry at 20 years old </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visit wives secretly </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 17. Spartan Culture <ul><li>Mission: become the strongest people in Greece and take over all others by force!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How will they do this?? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Men under 30 years old live and eat in barracks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Black Broth - YUMMY!!!! </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot retire until they are 60 years old </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 18. Spartan Culture <ul><li>Mission: become the strongest people in Greece and take over all others by force!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How will they do this?? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Women were given more freedoms then most Greeks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t need chaperones and can visit freely </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Free to own land </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Abducted at night to be married </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Could divorce her husband </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/aegean/culture/womenofsparta.html </li></ul>
  13. 19. Spartan Culture <ul><li>Mission: become the strongest people in Greece and take over all others by force!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How will they do this?? </li></ul></ul>
  14. 20. Spartan Culture <ul><li>Mission: become the strongest people in Greece and take over all others by force!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How will they do this?? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Women must keep in good shape so they can have strong, healthy sons (#1 JOB) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eat well </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wrestle and are in foot races </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Win or come home on your </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>shield </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 21. More Land <ul><li>Mission: become the strongest people in Greece and take over all others by force!! </li></ul><ul><li>Each healthy child was granted land </li></ul><ul><li>Unhealthy children </li></ul>
  16. 22. Preventing Change <ul><li>How do the Spartans Prevent Change!? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use iron rods instead of coins : therefore cannot trade with other poleis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discourage all foreign visitors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spartans are only allowed to travel if it is for a military purpose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Did not teach literature, math, business, theater, or art </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instead they remained poor farmers </li></ul></ul>
  17. 23. Xenophobia <ul><li>Define: Fear of Foreign People </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paranoid and distrust inferior people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NOT ALLOWED to marry foreigners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Try to prevent change </li></ul></ul>
  18. 24. <ul><li>The Spartan Adventure </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>469 B.C.E. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 25. Social Status Aristocrats Perioeci Helots
  20. 26. <ul><li>Aristocrats </li></ul><ul><li>Def- Wealthy People </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Little interest in farming, business or trade </li></ul><ul><li>Main job train for the army and war </li></ul><ul><li>Make lesser people obey by force </li></ul>
  21. 27. <ul><li>Perioeci </li></ul><ul><li>Def- Merchants and artisans who live in the local villages </li></ul><ul><li>Not Citizens and not slaves </li></ul>
  22. 28. <ul><li>Helots </li></ul><ul><li>Farm the land (forced to work the land they once owned) </li></ul><ul><li>Half of their crops must go to the aristocrats who own the land </li></ul><ul><li>Spartans encourage others to hate and fear helots (kill for training) </li></ul>
  23. 29. The Government Oligarchy: Power in the hand of the few Kings Members of the Assembly Ephors & Elders
  24. 30. <ul><li>Kings </li></ul><ul><li>1 st one king </li></ul><ul><li>Later 2 kings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elected by the nobles and aristocrats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rule together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very little power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only job – lead the army and religious ceremonies </li></ul></ul>Descendants of Hercules Kings are Rivals
  25. 31. <ul><li>Members of the Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>All men over 30 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Jobs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pass Laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decide War & Peace </li></ul></ul>
  26. 32. <ul><li>Ephors & Elders </li></ul><ul><li>Ephors – 5 new members elected every year (from the Assembly) </li></ul><ul><li>Elders – 28 men over the age of 60 </li></ul><ul><li>Jobs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In charge of public affairs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enforce laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage Taxes </li></ul></ul>
  27. 33. 250 year of military strength comes at a price. . . <ul><li>As the rest of Greece advances in the areas of trade, science, art, and government, the Spartans stay the same. </li></ul><ul><li>The Spartans are happy to be the strong warriors that will help defend Greece! </li></ul>

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