Minoans Web


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Learning about the AncientMinoans. The first civilization to settle the area later known as Greece.

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Minoans Web

  1. 1. January 20, 2010 <ul><li>Knossos, the Minoans, the Minotaur, and the Mystery </li></ul><ul><li>The Mighty Mycenaeans </li></ul><ul><li>HW: </li></ul><ul><li>Extra Credit by Friday….. 3 for 1 point </li></ul><ul><li>In your opinion…how did the Minoans die out? </li></ul>35° 17′ 52.66″ N, 25° 9′ 47.36″ E
  2. 2. Geography of Greece in 3 minutes X 5 <ul><li>25.1 – A reintroduction of Greece’s Geography </li></ul><ul><li>25.2 – Isolated Communities and the Difficulties of Travel </li></ul><ul><li>25.3 – Farming in Ancient Greece </li></ul><ul><li>25.4 – Starting Colonies </li></ul><ul><li>25.5 – Trading for Needed Goods </li></ul>
  3. 3. What do we know about the Geography of Greece? <ul><li>Surrounded by water (Ionian, Med., Aegean) </li></ul><ul><li>B. Mountainous </li></ul><ul><li>C. Lots of little islands </li></ul><ul><li>Early Greek communities grew up independent! </li></ul><ul><li>C. Very little farmlands </li></ul><ul><li>Instead of farming they turn to Fishing </li></ul>
  4. 4. Could it all be just a legend with no place to base it out of??
  5. 5. King Minos Zeus & Europa = Minos’s Parents
  6. 6. What was the name of the civilization that lived here? <ul><li>Minoans - named after King Minos who received his name from Minos Kalokarinos the first archaeologist to excavate in Crete. </li></ul><ul><li>2800BCE </li></ul>
  7. 7. King Minos <ul><li>Deal with Poseidon helps create the Minotaur </li></ul><ul><li>Death of the Minotaur (Theseus – Thebes) </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Minoans <ul><li>Minoan Civilization begins on the island of Crete around 2800 B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knossos was a rich city </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1 st civilization in the region that later became Greece. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Knossos from an aerial view </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Recreation of Knossos </li></ul>
  11. 11. Entering the Front Gates of Knossos
  12. 12. Touring Knossos
  13. 13. Touring Knossos The remains of a mansion
  14. 14. Touring Knossos Part of a Palace
  15. 15. Touring Knossos Entering a Temple Tomb
  16. 16. Inside the Temple An altar and tablets with scribe writing
  17. 17. Touring Knossos Entering the Throne Room of King Minos
  18. 18. The Antechamber to the Throne Room
  19. 19. The Antechamber to the Throne Room
  20. 20. The Throne Room
  21. 21. The Throne Room
  22. 22. Touring the Palace Royal Villa & Fresco
  23. 23. Touring the Palace
  24. 24. Touring the Palace Queen’s Bathroom and Storage Room
  25. 25. What were they really about? <ul><li>Main Idea – The Minoans earned their living by building ships and trading ! </li></ul>
  26. 26. The Minoans <ul><li>2000BCE- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drove off the pirates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Used a long wooden beam and prow to fight </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>& slimmer ships that were faster with three sails </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minoans controlled the Mediterranean Sea!! </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Minoan Ship Recreation
  28. 28. Minoan Cities <ul><li>No Walls ! </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for their grand palaces! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Center of the city palace instead of ziggurat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 stories high </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Running hot and cold water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heated rooms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flushing toilets </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Minoan Cities <ul><ul><li>Near the center/palace – sea captains, merchants and shipbuilders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farther away – artisans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Houses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Entrance on the roof (like the Mesopotamians) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Later they added wooden doors and windows with parchment (thin oiled animal skin) </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Rulers & Religion <ul><li>Priest –kings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruled by talking to gods and representing them on earth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Polytheistic </li></ul><ul><li>Main God/Goddess </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mother Earth </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Mother Earth
  32. 32. Minoan Sports <ul><li>Minoans loved sports </li></ul><ul><li>Built world’s first arena </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Could seat 500!!! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Boxing Matches – Men </li></ul><ul><li>Chariot hunts - Women </li></ul><ul><li>Bull Leaping – Men and Women </li></ul>
  33. 33. Bull Leaping
  34. 34. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U1L-8xLI_5c
  35. 35. <ul><li>Around 1450 B.C.E. Minoan civilization disappears! </li></ul><ul><li>Most likely a cataclysmic event. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tsunami </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mycenaeans took them over </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Greeks claim it was the fault of the MINOTAUR ! </li></ul>Fall of the Minoans
  36. 36. <ul><li>Farmer (Mycen – tenants & slaves) </li></ul><ul><li>Metal Worker – Bronze and Gold Coins </li></ul><ul><li>Trader </li></ul><ul><li>Ships & Navigation ( Min – prow for pirates) </li></ul>Minoans Mycenaeans Compare & Contrast the Early Greek Civilizations 2800 BC Crete – Knossos - $$ Short – dark hair and tanned Carpenter Mother Earth – Dove - # 1 goddess Bull Leaping Double Ax – symbol for pries-king 2000 BC – most important sea faring people in the Med Sea Theseus & the Minotaur (minotaur killed – Minoans lose power) Labyrinth - maze The End =Tsunami Mycenaeans kill off The original people (teachers) 2000 BC Southern Russia Balkan Peninsula Hilltops – fortress set there – easy to defend Megaron- large room for entertainment, council, etc. Hunting Those who learned from the original Trojan War Homer Civil Wars 1400 BC