Mesopotamia Notes

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Mesopotamia Notes

  1. 1. By: Miss K. Rice
  2. 2. <ul><li>So who were these first people considered to be the world’s first: </li></ul>Civilization Civilizations have: Cities, organized governments, art, religion, writing system
  3. 3. <ul><li>They were the: </li></ul>Mesopotamia Sumerians
  4. 4. <ul><li>Turkey & the Arabian Peninsula </li></ul>Turkey Arabian Peninsula
  5. 5. <ul><li>Migrated by following their food supply and looking for a nicer climate in which to live (NOMADS) </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>3500 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>In Southern Mesopotamia </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>What did they look like: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A written description: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Short </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stocky </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Black- haired </li></ul></ul></ul>Who can draw the best of them all ????
  8. 9. Warm Up!!! <ul><li>On a blank piece of paper, write out your answer…. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Imagine that you are a king/queen of a very large empire. How will you keep your citizens safe and comfortable? How will you keep order, pay for things, etc.? </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>The main Sumerian occupation was: </li></ul>Farming
  10. 11. <ul><li>Revolution – a series of changes that greatly affects many areas of life. </li></ul><ul><li>Farming spread throughout the world between 7000-2000 B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>Farming caused people to stay close to their fields. </li></ul><ul><li>Villages grew. </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>How did the Sumerians accomplish the feat of being able to farm the land? </li></ul><ul><li>Changing the environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Irrigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Levees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Animal Husbandry (taming animals to use for labor & food) </li></ul></ul>Domestic Animals Definitely Not Domestic!
  12. 13. <ul><li># 1 Crop – Barley </li></ul><ul><li>Wheat </li></ul><ul><li>Sesame </li></ul><ul><li>Date Palms </li></ul><ul><li>Different Vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>Fruit Trees </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>As Sumerian farming became successful there was more available </li></ul><ul><li>Their because </li></ul><ul><li>of the </li></ul>Food Food Surplus!!! Population grew
  14. 15. <ul><li>As the worlds population increases, so does specialization. </li></ul><ul><li>Craftspeople </li></ul><ul><li>Toolmakers – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. Sickle makes harvesting crops easier & Faster! </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>What do the Sumerians need for a bigger population? </li></ul>Rules / Laws <ul><ul><li>Organization and to keep order </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>What do the Sumerians need for a bigger population? </li></ul>Homes and many of them = Cities
  17. 19. <ul><li>Self-Sufficient! </li></ul>
  18. 21. <ul><li>Brick wall with bronze gate (closes at night for protection) </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow winding streets </li></ul><ul><li>Lower Class = unskilled workers (usually live by fishing) & farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Middle Class= artisans (shop keepers, carpenters, government officials, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Upper Class = Merchants & Priests </li></ul><ul><li>Ziggurat = Temple </li></ul>
  19. 23. <ul><li>Women = owned by the men </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy = especially priest own all the land and have conflict with kings once kings are established </li></ul><ul><li>Serfs & Slaves = majority of the population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do all the Manual Labor </li></ul></ul>
  20. 24. <ul><li>Males </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sun up to sun down </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraged </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Failures </li></ul></ul>
  21. 25. Objective for the day! <ul><li>City-states </li></ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a birthday! Let’s celebrate!!! </li></ul>
  22. 27. <ul><li>Ziggurats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hill of Heaven </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mountain of God </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Over 3,000 Gods </li></ul><ul><li>Priest </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Lots of power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Control who gets land </li></ul></ul>
  23. 28. <ul><li>Did priests ever go to war? </li></ul><ul><li>War broke out and the people needed a stronger leader than the priests </li></ul><ul><li>Became HEREDITARY! </li></ul>

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