Trifles: Modern Drama


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Trifles: A drama by Susan Glaspell that comprises literary elements, metaphors through women's strife and solidarity. It represents primary movement to women's suffrage and political equality through men's presumptuous deduction.

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Trifles: Modern Drama

  1. 1. 1917
  2. 2. Susan Glaspell
  3. 3. Summary • Characters • Synopsis • Notes
  4. 4. Characters • Sheriff (Mr. Peters) • County Attorney (Mr. Henderson) • Mr. Hale • Mrs. Peters • Mrs. Hale • John Wright • Minnie Foster (Mrs. Wright)
  5. 5. Trifles house bleak Gloomy kitchen
  6. 6. Female Mrs.Hale Mrs.Peters Mrs. Wright Male Mr.Wright C.Attorny Mr.Hale Frank Sheriff Harry Mrs. Peters: Laws
  7. 7. Dialogue “Though I said to Harry that I didn’t know as what his wife wanted made much different to John” Mr.Hale “Well, women are used to worrying over trifles” Mr.Hale
  8. 8. Mr. Wright Mrs. Wright Death Rocking Chair
  9. 9. Mr.Hale, Sheriff, C.Attorney Mrs.Hale, Mrs.Peters
  10. 10. Men 2nd floor Women Log Cabin! Cage! Dead Canary! Cherries Untidy kitchen
  11. 11. Mrs. Peters Dead Canary Mrs.Hale Box ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! Men They call it---knot it.
  12. 12. Trifles Outside – Below Zero Kitchen- Untidy Hale, Sheriff, C.Attorney- CSI Mrs.Hale, Mrs.Peters- stand close together
  13. 13. Mr. Hale tells about what he just saw yesterday - Party telephone - Mr.Wright dead - Mrs. Wright rocking the chair – her reaction
  14. 14. - C.A. looks on the shelf - the frozen fruit - Men’s reaction to women’s trifles
  15. 15. - Mrs. Hale and the towels “There’s a great deal of work to be done on farm” “Loyal to your sex” “ But I don’t think a place’d be any cheerfuller for John Wright’s being in it.”
  16. 16. • Mrs. Peters take some clothes for Minnie Mrs. Hale: “I’d hate to have men…snooping around and criticizing” Mrs. Peters: “Of course it’s no more than their duty.”
  17. 17. Mrs. Hale& Mrs. Peters found: - Breadbox - Cherries - Clothes Mrs. Hale and the rocking chair “…With a slow look at it, steps back.”
  18. 18. Mrs. Hale: Minnie Foster as a choir member Mrs. Peters: apron and shawl/ Dirty v.s. natural “Do you think she did it?” “Oh, I don’t know”
  19. 19. • Mrs. Peters: “Mr. Henderson said coming out that what was needed for the case was a motive…” • Found “log cabin” quilt “I wonder if she was going to quilt it or just knot it?”- trifles
  20. 20. Mrs. Hale - pulled at a knot and ripped the sewing Mrs. Peters – to find strings in a cupboard Found : Birdcage, one hinge is pulled apart
  21. 21. Mrs. Hale and Mr. Wright characteristics - He paid his debts, he didn’t drink, kept his word Mrs. Hale and Minnie characteristics - she was kind of a bird herself, pretty, sweet, timid, fluttery
  22. 22. Found: The dead canary in the box – broken neck… Mrs. Hale and Peters discover the truth
  23. 23. Mrs. Peters - her stillness, her first baby died after he was two years old. - her kitten, a boy and a hatchet Women hides the evidence “We call it – knot it, Mr.Henderson”
  24. 24. Theme • What is the theme of the story?
  25. 25. Symbolism Dead Canary Cage Knot it Incompleted quilt ??? Wright Party telephone
  26. 26. Female Mrs.Hale Mrs.Peters Mrs. Wright Male Mr.Wright C.Attorny Mr.Hale Frank Sheriff Harry sarcastic Law m. Bird&cage Frozen Fruit Incompleted quilt Cage Dead bird Knot it? detectors
  27. 27. Mrs. Hale
  28. 28. Questions • How does the physical location of the characters help develop the theme? • Who are more fully developed, the two women or the three men? • Indicate several ways Susan Glaspell conditions the audience to accept the final decision.
  29. 29. • Explain the use of symbols in Trifles • What is the hidden meaning of Mrs. Hale’s last reply? • Women are pitted against their husbands and other men. How are the men and women portrayed? • Mythic elements, do these elements lift the play, from its regionalism and give it a universal importance.
  30. 30. Notes • Discovering a secret that binds them, the two must realize painful truths in their own lives, become aware of all they have in common with Minnie Wright, and gradually resolve to side with the accused against the men.