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Beyond the Smart City.

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Beyond the smart city. How open data, maker spaces and open IOT infrastructures can empower citizens to become the makers of change we duly need. While technology can make our lives easier and service provisioning more efficient, disruptive innovation comes from people who want to take their futures into their own hands. Entrepreneurs, hackers, designers, civil servants and inhabitants unite: here comes the hackable city.

Presentation delivered at Mess & Order, Stavanger, during the 2016 Hackathon.

Published in: Technology
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Beyond the Smart City.

  1. 1. Beyond Smart Cities Frank Kresin Research Director @kresin / frank@waag.org
  2. 2. Smart Gadgets
  3. 3. Smart Assistants http://www.pixedge.com/lastmoment
  4. 4. Smart Buildings
  5. 5. Smart Cities
  6. 6. 1. Smart Grids
  7. 7. 2. Smart Mobility
  8. 8. 3. Smart Policing
  9. 9. Flaws in Smart Cities • Start with technology, instead of urban & human challenges • Insufficient use and production of evidence • Lack of awareness of how others improve cities and lives • Little role for citizens
  10. 10. Smart Citizens
  11. 11. Smart Citizens • Will take responsibility for the place they live, work and love in • Value access over ownership, contribution over power • Will ask forgiveness, not permission • Know where they can get the tools, knowledge and support • Value empathy, dialogue and trust • Appropriate technology, rather than accept it as is • Will help the people that struggle with smart stuff • Ask questions, before they come up with answers • Take part in design efforts to come up with better solutions • Work agile, prototype early, test quickly, start all over • Will not stop in the face of huge barriers • Continuously share their knowledge and their learning http://waag.org/nl/blog/manifesto-smart-citizens
  12. 12. Agency & Empowerment
  13. 13. • Institute for Art, Science & Technology • Since 1994, 63 Staff, based in Amsterdam • Artistic Research, Critical Design &
 Social Innovation • Exploring Emergent Technologies & opening them up Waag Society http://www.waag.org/
  14. 14. Code = Culture
  15. 15. http://digitalsocial.eu Technology is not Neutral
  16. 16. http://digitalsocial.eu
  17. 17. 1. Access over Ownership
  18. 18. https://www.couchsurfing.com/
  19. 19. https://www.peerby.com/
  20. 20. 2. Crowdfunding
  21. 21. https://www.kickstarter.com/
  22. 22. https://www.fairphone.com/
  23. 23. http://www.thehighline.org/
  24. 24. http://bristolpound.org/
  25. 25. 3. Collective Awareness Platforms
  26. 26. Open Source Sensors http://blog.safecast.org/
  27. 27. AirBezen
  28. 28. Smart Citizens Lab http://waag.org/en/project/smart-citizens-lab
  29. 29. 4. New Ways of Making http://fablab.waag.org
  30. 30. Cheap but Powerful Tools
  31. 31. Open Designs
  32. 32. 5. Participatory Democracy
  33. 33. http://localprojects.net/project/change-by-us/
  34. 34. http://www.participatorybudgeting.org/
  35. 35. Hackers?
  36. 36. Platforms have a Central Role
  37. 37. [Hacker] A person who enjoys exploring the details of programmable systems and stretching their capabilities, as opposed to most users, who prefer to learn only the minimum necessary. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hacker_culture
  38. 38. Hackers & Progress
  39. 39. • Hacking is crucial
 to understand
 and act in our world • Best producer
 is the user • (S)he can learn
 to make
 (almost) anything • Sharing knowledge freely is the key to innovation Hacker Ethics http://makezine.com/2006/12/01/the-makers-bill-of-rights/
  40. 40. [Civic Hacker] One who collaborates with others to create, build, and invent open source solutions using publicly-released data, code and technology to solve social, economic, and environmental challenges relevant to their neighborhood, city, state, or country. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/civic_hacker
  41. 41. Civic Platforms
  42. 42. What to do?
  43. 43. Value & Teach Coding Skills
  44. 44. Labs (Fab-, Maker, Wet-, Citizen)
  45. 45. Open By Default
  46. 46. Collaborate Across Boundaries
  47. 47. Invite Coders in Governments
  48. 48. Tap into Collective Intelligence
  49. 49. Design for Smarter Cities • Your citizens know more than you. • Don’t separate the design and development process • Embrace self-organization & civic initiative, but help to make
 the results sustainable and scalable. • Never rely on consultants that will sell consultancy, not solutions. • Have binding decisions made at the lowest level possible and actively preach self-governance. • Small, connected systems tend to fail sometimes; large systems will fail for sure. • Build systems based on reciprocity and transparency. • Reuse existing parts and design your additions for reuse,
 adding to the public domain and strengthening its capacity
 to act and learn. https://www.waag.org/nl/blog/design-rules-smarter-cities
  50. 50. Empower
 Civic Hackers
  51. 51. Empower
 Civic Hackers Become

  52. 52. Impact Spiral http://youngfoundation.org/publications/the-open-book-of-social-innovation/
  53. 53. Smart Cities Based on Control Top Down Mind-Frame
 Maximize Efficiency Minimize Friction Stifle Innovation http://waag.org/en/blog/smart-cities-make-dumb-citizens
  54. 54. Hackable Cities Strive to Empower Embrace Bottom Up Maximize possibilities Welcome Friction Enable Creativity https://tinyurl.com/illuminated-cities
  55. 55. Inspiration
  56. 56. Sint Antoniesbreestraat 69 1011 HB Amsterdam waag.org / info@waag.org Frank Kresin Research Director @kresin / frank@waag.org

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