Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Civic Hacking & Digital Social Innovation


Published on

We will not make smart cities without smart citizens.

  • Be the first to comment

Civic Hacking & Digital Social Innovation

  1. 1. Civic Hacking Frank Kresin Research Director @kresin /
  2. 2. smart citizen manifesto We, citizens of all cities, take the fate of the places we live in into our own hands. We care about the familiar buildings and the parks, the shops, the schools, the roads and the trees, but far more about the quality of the life we live in them. About the casual interactions, uncalled for encounters, the craze and the booze and the love we lost and found. We know that our lives are interconnected, and what we do here will impact the outcomes over there. While we can never predict the eventual effect of our actions, we take full responsibility to make this world a better place. Therefore, we will refuse to be consumers, client and informants only, and reclaim agency towards the processes, algorithms and systems that shape our world. We need to know how decisions are made, we need to have the information that is at hand; we need to have direct access to the people in power, and be involved in the crafting of laws and procedures that we grapple with everyday. Fortunately, we are not alone. We are well educated and have appropriated the tools to connect at the touch of a button, organize ourselves, make our voices heard. We have the tools to measure ourselves and our environment, to visualize and analyse the data, to come to conclusions and take action. We have continuous access to the best of learning in the world, to powerful phones and laptops and software, and to home-grown labs that help us make the things that others won’t. Furthermore we were inspired by such diverse examples as the 1% club, Avaaz, Kickstarter, Couchsurfing, Change by Us, and many, many more. We are ready. But government is not. It was shaped in the 18th century, but increasingly struggles with 21st century problems it cannot solve. It lost touch with its citizens and is less and less equipped to provide the services and security it had pledged to offer. While it tries to build ‘smart cities’ that reinforce or strengthen the status quo - that was responsible for the problems in the first place - it loses sight of the most valuable resource it can tap into: the smart citizen. Smart Citizens: Therefore, we will refuse to be consumers, client and informants only, and reclaim agency towards the processes, algorithms and systems that shape our world. Will take responsibility for the place they live, work and love in; Value access over ownership, contribution over power; Will ask forgiveness, not permission; Know where they can get the tools, knowledge and support they need; Value empathy, dialogue and trust; Appropriate technology, rather than accept it as is; Will help the people that struggle with smart stuff; Ask questions, then more questions, before they come up with answers; Actively take part in design efforts to come up with better solutions; Work agile, prototype early, test quickly and know when to start over; Will not stop in the face of seemingly huge boundariesbarriers; Unremittingly share their knowledge and their learning, because they know this is where true value comes from. All over the world, smart citizens take action. We self-organise, form cooperations, share resources and take back full responsibility for the care of our children and elderly. We pop up restaurants, harvest renewable energy, maintain urban gardens, build temporary structures and nurture compassion and trust. We kickstart the products and services we care about, repair and upcycle, or learn how to manufacture things ourselves. We even coined new currencies in response to events that recently shook our comfortable world, but were never solved by the powers that be. Until now, we have mostly worked next to governments, sometimes against them, but hardly ever with them. As a result, many of the initiatives so far have been one-offs, inspiring but not game changing. We have put lots of energy into small-scale interventions that briefly flared and then returned to business as usual. Just imagine what will happen if our energy, passion and knowledge are teamed up by governments that know how to implement and scale up. Governments that take full responsibility for participating in the open dialogue that is needed to radically rethink the systems that were built decades ago. One day we will wake up and realise WE ARE OUR GOVERNMENT. Without us, there is nobody there. As it takes a village to raise a child, it takes a people to craft a society. We know it can be done; it was done before. And with the help of new technologies it is easier than ever. So let’s actively set out to build truly smart cities, with smart citizens at their helms, and together become the change that we want to see in this world.
  3. 3. Private Public Partnerships Private Public People Partnerships
  4. 4. Waag Society
  5. 5. Projects
  6. 6. Principles: Best Producer is the User He can learn to make anything Sharing will make you grow Making is crucial
  7. 7. Google Maps
  8. 8. Open Streetmap
  9. 9. Social Innovation
  10. 10. Digital Social Innovation ‘a type of social and collaborative innovation in which innovators, users and communities collaborate through digital platforms to co-create knowledge and solutions for a wide range of social needs and at a scale that was unimaginable before the rise of Internet-enabled platforms’
  11. 11. Digital Social Innovation Mapping
  12. 12. Network Effect of the Internet Bottom-up & grassroots (open source, open data, open hardware, open knowledge) P2P, e-democracy CAPS, DSI, web entrepreneurship Distributed Commons Competition Top down and systemic approaches European Innovation Partnerships, Smart Cities, FI-PPP; Cloud strategy; eHealth, eGovernment Central
  13. 13. Data Driven Ecology Trends Open Networks innovative combinations of network solutions and infrastructures, e.g. sensor networks, free interoperable network services, open Wifi, bottom up-broadband, distributed social networks, p2p infrastructures Open Data innovative ways to capture, use, analyse, and interpret open data coming from people and from the environment Open Knowledge co-production of new knowledge and crowd mobilisation based on open contents, open source and open access Open Hardware new ways of making and using open hardware solutions Classification towards creating a data-driven Ecology suggested by MIT, Bollier and Clippinger 2013 Emergent tools/methods • Apps • Alternative currency • Citizen science • Cloud • Collaborative consumption • Crowdfunding • Crowdsourcing • Crowdmapping • Crowdcampaining • Citizen Journalism • Data Visualization • DIY • DIY Bio • E-petitions • Geotagging • Online learning models • Online notice board • Online market place • Personal monitoring • P2P • Peer support • Social networks • Etc, etc....
  14. 14. Digital Social Innovation Matrix
  15. 15. Raspberry Pi
  16. 16. Smart Citizen Kit
  17. 17. Fablabs
  18. 18. Do It Together BIO
  19. 19. BioStrike - Antibiotics in DIY Labs
  20. 20. What Should Cities Do?
  21. 21. Tap into the Creativity
  22. 22. Design Rules for Smarter Cities • Your citizens know more than you. • Prototype early and fast, engage the stakeholders, iterate quickly and be prepared to start all over. • Embrace self-organisation and civic initiative, but help to make the results sustainable and scalable. • Know what you are talking about in the face of technology. Never rely on consultants that will sell you consultancy, not solutions. • Have binding decisions made at the lowest level possible and actively preach self-governance. • Favor loosely coupled, smaller systems over monoliths and mastodons, and use peer-defined standards to glue together the parts. Small systems tend to fail sometimes; large systems fail for sure. • To raise and deserve trust, build systems based on data reciprocity and transparency. • Reuse existing parts and design your additions for reuse, adding to the public domain and thereby strengthening its capacity to act and learn.
  23. 23. Accelerators sdf sdf Developer hubs Knowledge institutes Innovation labs sdf sdf
  24. 24. Amsterdam Rome Helsinki Berlin Manchester Barcelona
  25. 25. Users as Designers
  26. 26. Embrace Civic Hacking.
  27. 27. If You Can’t Open It, You Don’t Own It
  28. 28. Pointers • Design Rules for Smarter Cities • Smart Citizens Publication • Digital Social Innovation • CitySDK • Users as Designers • Apps for Europe - Turning Data into Business
  29. 29. Thanks! Frank Kresin - @kresin Frank Kresin - @kresin Frank Kresin - @kresin Piet Heinkade 181 a 1019 HC Amsterdam