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AT for Early Childhood

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PRESENTERS: Margaret Cisco and Kathy Privratsky

Published in: Education
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AT for Early Childhood

  1. 1. Assistive Technology of Alaska<br />www.atlaak.org<br />Assistive Technology <br />For ILP and Preschool<br />Margaret Cisco, ATLA AT Specialist<br />Kathy Privratsky, ATLA Executive Director, AT Specialist, SLP<br />
  2. 2. Housekeeping<br />The Folder<br />The Sign-In Sheet <br />The Evaluations<br />The Give-Away<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  3. 3. Alphabet Soup<br />ATLA = Assistive Technology of Alaska<br />DME = Durable Medical Equipment<br />ECE = Early Childhood Education<br />IEP = Individual Education Plan<br />IFSP = Individual Family Service Plan<br />OT = Occupational Therapist<br />PT = Physical Therapist<br />SESA = Special Education Service Agency<br />SLP = Speech/Language Pathologist <br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  4. 4. Objectives<br />Know about the State Tech Act Project<br />Understand the definition of Assistive Technology (AT)<br />Be able to talk about why AT is important in the early years<br />Be aware of AT options for the Early Years (no-tech, low tech, and high-tech)<br />Understand one process for IFSP and IEP “AT Consideration”<br />Be aware of Alaskan and Internet Resources<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  5. 5. ATLA – Assistive Technology of Alaska <br />Federal Tech Act Grant Project for Alaska<br />Information and assistance<br />Demonstrations<br />Training Activities<br />Re-use and recycle AT<br />All Alaskans - birth through life<br />Community living<br />Education<br />Employment<br />ITT<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  6. 6. ATLA – Assistive Technology of Alaska <br />Other AT Grants<br />Christopher Reeves<br />Mental Health Trust <br />Memory at Hand<br />AT to Go<br />Other Non-Profit Activities<br />Ordering from a variety of AT vendors <br />AT workshops<br />AT assessments <br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  7. 7. What is Assistive Technology?<br /><ul><li>Any product or device – off the shelf, modified, or customized
  8. 8. Used by a person with a disability
  9. 9. To increase, maintain, or improve functional capabilities</li></ul> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  10. 10. What is AT for young children?<br />ATisany tool that allows an infant, a toddler, or a young child with disabilities to “engage in everyday activities that promote development”<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  11. 11. What Activities<br />Promote Development?<br />Children Learn By Doing. <br />~<br />Play Is Their Work.<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  12. 12. Play Is…<br />Learning Activity<br />Essential to Development<br />Behavior that is:<br />Freely Chosen<br />Personally Directed<br />Intrinsically Motivated<br />Fun for the Child and Play Partner(s)<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  13. 13. Benefits of AT in the Early Years<br />The child who “can’t do that”<br />becomes the child who “can do it with this support”<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  14. 14. Why AT in Earliest Years?<br />Difficulty maintaining a stable posture<br />Difficulty moving from place to place<br />Difficulty seeing the toys or the model<br />Difficulty hearing <br />Difficulty grasping, holding, or moving objects<br />Difficulty understanding the environment<br />Difficulty speaking, gesturing, or pointing<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  15. 15. Considering AT<br />Adapt the environment<br />Adapt the presentation<br />Adapt the materials<br />Use common preschool items for new purposes<br />Find out what AT is available<br />Make an informed selection between AT tools<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  16. 16. Considering AT<br />SETT MODEL <br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  17. 17. What AT is Available?<br />Difficulty maintaining a stable posture<br />Difficulty moving from place to place<br />Difficulty seeing the toys or the model<br />Difficulty hearing <br />Difficulty grasping, holding, or moving objects<br />Difficulty understanding the environment<br />Difficulty speaking, gesturing, or pointing<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  18. 18. Maintaining a Stable Position<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  19. 19. Maintaining Position with AT<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  20. 20. What AT is Available?<br />Difficulty maintaining a stable posture<br />Difficulty moving from place to place<br />Difficulty seeing the toys or the model<br />Difficulty hearing <br />Difficulty grasping, holding, or moving objects<br />Difficulty understanding the environment<br />Difficulty speaking, gesturing, or pointing<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  21. 21. Moving With AT<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  22. 22. Moving With AT<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  23. 23. What AT is Available?<br />Difficulty maintaining a stable posture<br />Difficulty moving from place to place<br />Difficulty seeing the toys or the model<br />Difficulty hearing <br />Difficulty grasping, holding, or moving objects<br />Difficulty understanding the environment<br />Difficulty speaking, gesturing, or pointing<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  24. 24. Vision and Hearing<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  25. 25. AT Vision Supports<br />Considerations<br />Lighting<br />Glare<br />Number of Toys<br />Primary Colors, Black and White<br />Contrast<br />Shiny materials<br />Familiarity<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  26. 26. AT Vision Supports<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  27. 27. What AT is Available?<br />Difficulty maintaining a stable posture<br />Difficulty moving from place to place<br />Difficulty seeing the toys or the model<br />Difficulty hearing <br />Difficulty grasping, holding, or moving objects<br />Difficulty understanding the environment<br />Difficulty speaking, gesturing, or pointing<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  28. 28. AT Support for Hearing<br /><ul><li>Considerations
  29. 29. Volume
  30. 30. Distance
  31. 31. Background </li></ul> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  32. 32. Classroom Amplification <br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  33. 33. What AT is Available?<br />Difficulty maintaining a stable posture<br />Difficulty moving from place to place<br />Difficulty seeing the toys or the model<br />Difficulty hearing <br />Difficulty grasping, holding, or moving objects<br />Difficulty understanding the environment<br />Difficulty speaking, gesturing, or pointing<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  34. 34. Working with Objects<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  35. 35. AT for Working with Objects<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  36. 36. Switches for Activities<br />+<br />+<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  37. 37. Switches for Activities<br />Many Types of Switches<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  38. 38. Switches for Activities<br />Mounting systems<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  39. 39. Switch Selection and Placement<br />Location, location, location<br />Which body part moves with most voluntary control?<br />How does it move and which switch works best with that movement?<br />What switch placement allows that body part to be controlled most easily with least effort?<br />What is the back-up body part and placement?<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  40. 40. Switch Adapted Activities<br />+<br />+<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  41. 41. Switch Adapted Activities<br />+<br />+<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  42. 42. Switch Adapted Activities<br />+<br />=<br />+<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  43. 43. What AT is Available?<br />Difficulty maintaining a stable posture<br />Difficulty moving from place to place<br />Difficulty seeing the toys or the model<br />Difficulty hearing <br />Difficulty grasping, holding, or moving objects<br />Difficulty understanding the environment<br />Difficulty speaking, gesturing, or pointing<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  44. 44. Cognitive Supports<br />Visual Supports - pictures<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  45. 45. Cognitive Supports<br />Object Cues<br />Objects the child understands<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  46. 46. Cognitive Supports<br />Switch to learn cause and effect learning<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  47. 47. What AT is Available?<br />Difficulty maintaining a stable posture<br />Difficulty moving from place to place<br />Difficulty seeing the toys or the model<br />Difficulty hearing <br />Difficulty grasping, holding, or moving objects<br />Difficulty understanding the environment<br />Difficulty speaking, gesturing, or pointing<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  48. 48. AT for Communication (AAC)<br />Don’t get stuck on cause-effect<br /><ul><li>Calling for Attention
  49. 49. Request More
  50. 50. Choosing
  51. 51. Rejecting
  52. 52. Requesting</li></ul>Consider Low to High Tech Options<br />Use AAC for Real and Dynamic Communication<br />Don’t choose a device because it worked for someone else<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  53. 53. AAC Devices - One + Messages<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  54. 54. AAC Devices With Levels<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  55. 55. AAC Devices - Dynamic Displays<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  56. 56. State Resources<br />Local ILP Programs and School Districts<br />ATLA – Alaska’s Tech Act Project <br />Call or email for information and assistance<br />SESA – Special Education Service Agency<br />Local Centers for Independent Living <br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  57. 57. Internet Resources<br />Tots-n-Tech<br />http://tnt.asu.edu/ideas<br />Let’s Play Project<br />http://letsplay.buffalo.edu/<br />Creative Communicating<br />www.creativecommunicating.com/<br />ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org <br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  58. 58. Reminder <br />Turn in Evaluations<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />
  59. 59. Sharing <br />Ideas<br /> ATLA<br />www.atlaak.org<br />

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