The Female Side• The _________________produces female sex hormones and stores female reproductive cells.• Located pretty much entirely__________in the pelvis area of females
The Female Side• ________: a hollow, muscular, pear-shaped organ inside the female body -This is where the fertilized egg will be nourished and protected from conception until birth
The Female Side• The uterus is made of some of the________muscles in the human body.• Before pregnancy the uterus is about 3” long and 2” wide
The Female Side• ___________: are attached to each side of the uterus and lead to the ovaries• Each one is about 4” long and look like spaghetti noodles• They also contain cilia, or ____________that help to move the egg from the ovaries to the uterus.
The Female Side• _________: the female sex glands that store the ova(______________) and produce female sex hormones • Estrogen and ______________• They are two oval-shaped organs that lie to the upper left and right of the uterus• They ________________eggs into fallopian tubes
The Female Side• _________: is the release of an egg into the fallopian tube• At birth a female’s ovaries contain more than ________ immature eggs
The Female Side• _____________: provides important body chemicals and prepares your body for pregnancy each month• A cycle is counted from the first day of a period until the first day of the next period• A complete cycle usually lasts from ____days in adults
The Female Side• At or around the 14th day the egg travels into the fallopian tube• The uterus __________to protect the egg in case of fertilization occurs in the tube• If its not fertilized the egg breaks apart and the lining of the uterus is shed during the ____________
The Female Side• http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/o ur-publications/fact-sheet/menstruation.cfm
The Female Side• ______________________: both physical and emotional symptoms that many girls and women get right before their periods such as acne, bloating, fatigue, headaches, sore breasts, and food cravings• Usually 7 days before period
The Female Side• ________: a muscular elastic passageway that extends from the uterus to the outside of the body
The Female Side• _________: where the vagina and uterus connect• The cervix has strong, thick walls. The opening of the cervix is very small (no wider than a straw), ________________________________ ___. During childbirth, the cervix can expand to allow a baby to pass.
The Female Side• Problems with the Female Reproductive System: • _____________: often occur at the beginning of a cycle, severe or persistent cramping may need strong medical attention, however most are relieved via ________________ • ______________: rare but serious bacterial infection; can be fatal; symptoms include fever, vomiting, sun-burn like rash, red eyes, dizziness, muscle aches; to avoid change tampons regularly
Problems with Females• ___________: an inflammation of the vulva and vagina; can be caused by poor hygiene or irritating substances; symptoms such as itching and vaginal discharge can occur; can also lead to Pelvic Inflammatory Disease• _______________: infection of fallopian tubes, ovaries, and surrounding areas of pelvis; _________________; usually caused by an STD
Problems with Females• ___________: occurs when tissue normally found only in the uterus starts to grow outside the uterus — in the ovaries, fallopian tubes, or other parts of the pelvic cavity. It can cause abnormal bleeding, painful periods, and _____________.• ___________: although theyre rare, can occur. Girls with ovarian tumors may have abdominal pain and masses that can be felt in the abdomen. Surgery may be needed to remove the tumor. They maybe cancerous and they may not be
Female Problems• ___________: are noncancerous sacs filled with fluid or semisolid material. Although they are common and generally harmless, they can become a problem if they grow very large. Large cysts may push on surrounding organs, causing abdominal pain. In most cases, cysts will disappear on their own and treatment is unnecessary. If the cysts are painful, a doctor may prescribe birth control pills to alter their growth or they may be removed by a surgeon.
Female Cancers• ____________: Cancer that forms in tissues of the ovary (one of a pair of female reproductive glands in which the ova, or eggs, are formed). Most ovarian cancers are either ovarian epithelial carcinomas (cancer that begins in the cells on the _____________) or malignant germ cell tumors (cancer that begins ______________).
Female Cancers• Estimated new cases and deaths from ovarian cancer in the United States in 2011: • New cases: 21,990 • Deaths: 15,460 Risk factors for Ovarian Cancer: 1) _______ 2) __________ 3)_______________________ 4) ___________ 5)_____________________________________
Female Cancers• Symptoms: • Abdominal pressure, fullness, swelling or bloating • Pelvic discomfort or pain • Persistent indigestion, gas or nause • Changes in bowel habits, such as constipation • Changes in bladder habits, including a frequent need to urinate • Loss of appetite or quickly feeling full • Increased abdominal girth or clothes fitting tighter around your waist • A persistent lack of energy • Low back pain
Female Cancers• http://www.medicinenet.com/ovarian_cancer_pict ures_slideshow/article.htm• _____________: cancer of the breast or surrounding tissues and glands, early detection is imparitive • Important to regularly check yourself and have regular doctor checkups • __________________________ • http://www.medicinenet.com/breast_cancer_pictur es_slideshow/article.htm
Chapter 19!!!!• Fill out guided reading worksheets for Chapter 19!!!