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Solar water pump (swp) in india "Research thesis presentation"

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Solar water pump (swp) in india "Research thesis presentation"

  1. 1. “MARKET POTENTIAL FOR SOLAR WATER PUMPING SYSTEM AND COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF DIESEL VS. SOLAR PUMP” Prepared by: Kevin Kovadia (AM0712) Guided By: Dr. Mercy Samuel (Faculty Guide) Associate Professor, Faculty of Management, CEPT University Mr. Nilesh Arora (External Guide) Founder - Partner, ADDVALUE Consulting Inc. (www.avci-lean.com) July 2014
  2. 2. Flow of Presentation Keywords Abbreviation Introduction Research Objective Literature review Research Methodology Cost Benefit Analysis of Diesel vs. Solar Water Pump Conclusion Bibliography Appendix
  3. 3. Keywords Solar Water Pump, Off grid Solar Application, Market Potential, Cost Benefit Analysis, Break even point
  4. 4. Abbreviation SWP Solar Water Pump MNRE Ministry of New and Renewable Energy PVP Photo Voltaic Pump PV Photovoltaic AC Alternate Current DC Direct Current JNNSM Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission RKVY Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana GDP Gross domestic product GHG Greenhouse gas JGS Jyotirgram Scheme
  5. 5. Indian Pump Industry Overview The Indian Pump industry has more than 800 manufacturers with worker strength of over 40,000 producing about 5 million pumps annually. Year FY 2012 FY 2013 Estimated Market (in Rs) 5000 Cr 8375 Cr Annual Growth rate 8% 12% No. of Pump Manufacturers 800+ 800+ % of Demand meet by Domestic Manufacturers 95% 95% Source: (Singhi_Advisors, 2011), (TATA , 2013)
  6. 6. Solar Water Pump It is a pump running on electricity generated by photovoltaic panels or the thermal energy available from collected sunlight as opposed to grid electricity or diesel run water pumps. SWP system has three parts : Pump Inverter Solar panels
  7. 7. Why Solar? 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 2011 2013 2015 2017 2019 2021 Cost (Rs) (Per KWh) Solar PV Conventional Power Diesel Gen. Set Source: Headway Solar (P) Ltd.
  8. 8. Market Potential The estimated maximum total sales/revenue of all suppliers of product in market during a certain period. 1 Estimating Market Potential (MP) = N × P × Q Estimating Market Potential (MP) of firm A = N × P × Q × MS 2 MP = market potential N = total number of potential consumers P = average selling price Q = average annual consumption MS = market share (%) of consumers buying from firm A 1. http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/market-potential.html 2. http://plantsforhumanhealth.ncsu.edu/extension/marketready/pdfs- ppt/business_development_files/PDF/estimating_market_potential.pdf
  9. 9. Cost benefit analysis (CBA) CBA is a systematic process for calculating and comparing benefits and costs of a project, decision or government policy. It involves comparing the total expected cost of each option against the total expected benefits, to see whether the benefits compensate the costs, and by how much. It is also called as benefit–cost analysis (BCA). CBA has two purposes: To determine if it is a sound investment/decision To provide a basis for comparing projects. Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) estimates and totals up the equivalent money value of the benefits and costs to the community of projects to establish whether they are worthwhile. 3 3. http://www.sjsu.edu/faculty/watkins/cba.htm
  10. 10. Research Objective The objective of this study is to analyze market potential of solar water pumps. To analyze what is the need of Solar Water Pump. To conduct a comparative cost benefit analysis among Diesel vs. Solar Water Pump.
  11. 11. Literature review The electricity consumption in agriculture sector amounts to 27% of total consumption of electricity in India. About 25% of electricity consumption is account for Irrigation pumps used in the agriculture sector in India. 48.89 % in Gujarat, 43.39 % in Haryana, 42.27 % in Karnataka 21 million irrigation pump sets in India, of which 9 million are run on diesel and rest are grid based. (Source: Amit Jain; Stellina Jolly, 2012)
  12. 12. Literature review According to the KPMG report, a cumulative potential of around 16 GW from agriculture category could be realised by 2022. (JNM Target is 20 GW by 2022) Innovative business models such as integrators of pump set and solar modules may be required to realize this potential. (Source: KPMG, n.d.)
  13. 13. Literature review India’s Ministry of New and Renewable Energy estimates 700,000 diesel pumps that could be replaced are bought in India every year. Tarun Kapoor, the joint secretary, MNRE said that “Irrigation pumps may be the single largest application for solar in the country” (SPROSS, 2014).
  14. 14. Literature review Source: Self Compiled
  15. 15. Literature review (Image Credit: Sunible.com)
  16. 16. Research Methodology Interview: The interview includes questions like - what is capacity of solar water pump, what is process of installing SWP, effectiveness of Government subsidy etc. five structured interviews were carried out of solar water pump users. And this all SWP user belong to north central Gujarat. Kheda District - 3 Interviews Gandhinagar District - 1 Interview Banaskantha District - 1 Interview
  17. 17. Cost Benefit Analysis of Diesel vs. Solar Water Pump 5hp Diesel Pump Costing Assumptions Particular Scenario 0 Scenario 1 Scenario 2 Scenario 3 No. of Hour Pump Usage /day 1 2 4 8 No. of Sunny Days/ Year 250 250 250 250 No. of Hour Pump Usage/ Year 250 500 1000 2000 Price of Diesel/ litre (Rs) 63 63 63 63 Diesel Usage/ Hour (5HP) 1 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 Hike in Diesel Price (%) 10 10 10 10 Total Running Cost (Rs) 26775 53550 107100 214200 1 (Source: Seleshi Bekele Awulachew (IWMI), 2009)
  18. 18. 5hp SWP Costing With and Without Subsidy (30%) Year Capital Cost Without Subsidy (A) Capital Cost With 30% Subsidy (D) Operating Cost (B) Maintenance Cost (C) SWP Cumulative Cost W/O Subsidy (A+B+C) SWP Cumulative Cost With 30% Subsidy (D+B+C) 1 489400 342580 0 2500 491900 345080 2 0 0 0 2500 494400 347580 3 0 0 0 2500 496900 350080 4 0 0 0 2500 499400 352580 5 0 0 0 2500 501900 355080 6 0 0 0 2500 504400 357580 7 0 0 0 2500 506900 360080 8 0 0 0 2500 509400 362580 9 0 0 0 2500 511900 365080 10 0 0 0 2500 514400 367580
  19. 19. 5hp Diesel Pump vs. SWP Costing (Scenario 0) Year Capital Cost (A) Operating Cost (B) Maintenance Cost (C) Total Cost (A+B+C) Diesel Pump Cumulative Cost SWP Cost Without Subsidy SWP Cost With 30% Subsidy 1 30000 26775 5000 61775 61775 491900 345080 2 0 29453 5000 34453 96228 494400 347580 3 0 32398 5000 37398 133625 496900 350080 4 0 35638 5000 40638 174263 499400 352580 5 0 39201 5000 44201 218464 501900 355080 6 0 43121 5000 48121 266585 504400 357580 7 0 47434 5000 52434 319019 506900 360080 8 0 52177 5000 57177 376196 509400 362580 9 0 57395 5000 62395 438590 511900 365080 10 0 63134 5000 68134 506725 514400 367580 Total 506725
  20. 20. Breakeven Point in Scenario 0 0 100000 200000 300000 400000 500000 600000 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Cumulative Cost (Rs) Break Even Duration (Year) Diesel Pump SWP without Subsidy SWP With 30% Subsidy
  21. 21. 5hp Diesel Pump vs. SWP Costing (Scenario 1) Year Capital Cost (A) Operating Cost (B) Maintenance Cost (C) Total Cost (A+B+C) Diesel Pump Cumulative Cost SWP Cost Without Subsidy SWP Cost With 30% Subsidy 1 30000 53550 5000 88550 88550 491900 345080 2 0 58905 5000 63905 152455 494400 347580 3 0 64795.5 5000 69796 222251 496900 350080 4 0 71275.05 5000 76275 298526 499400 352580 5 0 78402.56 5000 83403 381928 501900 355080 6 0 86242.81 5000 91243 473171 504400 357580 7 0 94867.09 5000 99867 573038 506900 360080 8 0 104353.8 5000 109354 682392 509400 362580 9 0 114789.2 5000 119789 802181 511900 365080 10 0 126268.1 5000 131268 933449 514400 367580 Total 933449
  22. 22. Breakeven Point in Scenario 1 0 100000 200000 300000 400000 500000 600000 700000 800000 900000 1000000 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Cumulative Cost (Rs) Break Even Duration (Year) Diesel Pump SWP without Subsidy SWP With 30% Subsidy
  23. 23. 5hp Diesel Pump vs. SWP Costing (Scenario 2) Year Capital Cost (A) Operating Cost (B) Maintenance Cost (C) Total Cost (A+B+C) Diesel Pump Cumulative Cost SWP Cost Without Subsidy SWP Cost With 30% Subsidy 1 30000 107100 5000 142100 142100 491900 345080 2 0 117810 5000 122810 264910 494400 347580 3 0 129591 5000 134591 399501 496900 350080 4 0 142550.1 5000 147550 547051 499400 352580 5 0 156805.1 5000 161805 708856 501900 355080 6 0 172485.6 5000 177486 886342 504400 357580 7 0 189734.2 5000 194734 1081076 506900 360080 8 0 208707.6 5000 213708 1294784 509400 362580 9 0 229578.4 5000 234578 1529362 511900 365080 10 0 252536.2 5000 257536 1786898 514400 367580 Total 1786898
  24. 24. Breakeven Point in Scenario 2 0 200000 400000 600000 800000 1000000 1200000 1400000 1600000 1800000 2000000 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Cumulative Cost (Rs) Break Even Duration (Year) Diesel Pump SWP without Subsidy SWP With 30% Subsidy
  25. 25. 5hp Diesel Pump vs. SWP Costing (Scenario 3) Year Capital Cost (A) Operating Cost (B) Maintenance Cost (C) Total Cost (A+B+C) Diesel Pump Cumulative Cost SWP Cost Without Subsidy SWP Cost With 30% Subsidy 1 30000 214200 5000 249200 249200 491900 345080 2 0 235620 5000 240620 489820 494400 347580 3 0 259182 5000 264182 754002 496900 350080 4 0 285100.2 5000 290100 1044102 499400 352580 5 0 313610.2 5000 318610 1362712 501900 355080 6 0 344971.2 5000 349971 1712684 504400 357580 7 0 379468.4 5000 384468 2097152 506900 360080 8 0 417415.2 5000 422415 2519567 509400 362580 9 0 459156.7 5000 464157 2983724 511900 365080 10 0 505072.4 5000 510072 3493796 514400 367580 Total 3493796
  26. 26. Breakeven Point in Scenario 3 0 500000 1000000 1500000 2000000 2500000 3000000 3500000 4000000 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Cumulative Cost (Rs) Break Even Duration (Year) Diesel Pump SWP without Subsidy SWP With 30% Subsidy
  27. 27. Conclusion Particular Scenario 0 Scenario 1 Scenario 2 Scenario 3 No. of Hour Pump Operating/ day 1 2 4 8 No. of Sunny Days/ Year 250 250 250 250 No. of Hour Pump Operating/ Year 250 500 1000 2000 Break Even Point Without Subsidy 10 Year 6 14 Year 3 34 Year 2 Year Break Even Point With 30% Subsidy 7 34 Year 4 34 Year 2 12 Year 1 12 Year
  28. 28. Conclusion Farmer buys a solar water pump mainly because of two reasons. One is unavailability of electricity at farm and other is increasing price of diesel. Out of the primary survey it was found that farmer also buy solar water pump because of land ownership issue. To get electricity connection, farmer need land ownership document and signature of related owners. Normally one can become land owner from his father’s land and father’s land is shared among his children. Now to get signatures of all related owner is difficult. So, in this situation to get electricity connection is difficult. So, farmers prefer to buy solar water pump.
  29. 29. Bibliography Amin, R. (n.d.). An Overview of Indian Pump Industry. pp. 1-2. Amit Jain, S. J. (2012). Is Solar a solution to Blackouts in India: A case study with agriculture diesel pumps sets? Brian McSorley, M. M. (2011). Solar Pumps: A solution to improving water security in drought prone areas. Oxham. Census of India. (2011). Source of lighting: 2001-2011, Houselisting and Housing Census Data Highlights - 2011. Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India (ORGI), Government of India. EmCON. (2006). Feasibility Assessment for the Replacement of Diesel Water Pumps with Solar Water Pumps. NAMIBIAN RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAMME (NAMREP). GIZ. (2013). Solar Water Pumping for Irrigation: Potential and Barriers in Bihar, India. Indo- German Energy Programme (IGEN), Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH. Gupta, R. K. (2011). The role of water technology in development: a case study of Gujarat State. (pp. 1-14). Zaragoza, Spain: UN Water. Hu, B. (2012). Solar Panel Anomaly Detection and Classification. Waterloo: University of Waterloo.
  30. 30. Bibliography IEA. (Octomber, 2011). energy for all: financing access for the poor. energy for all conference (pp. 19-22). Oslo, Norway: International Energy Agency. K Palanisami, K. M. (2011). Spread and Economics of Micro-irrigation in India: Evidence from Nine States. REVIEW OF AGRICULTURE, 1-6. KPMG. (2011). “The Rising Sun - A Point of View on the Solar Energy Sector in India”. Mumbai: KPMG. lorentz. (2008). Solar Water Pumps in Namibia: A Comparison Between Solar And Diesel. MNRE. (2013). Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission - SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC WATER PUMPING SYSTEMS. Seleshi Bekele Awulachew (IWMI), P. L. (2009). Pumps for small-scale irrigation. IWMI. SELF. (2008). A COST AND RELIABILITY COMPARISON BETWEEN SOLAR AND DIESEL POWERED PUMPS. Solar Electric Light Fund (SELF). Shah. (1993). Groundwater markets and irrigation development: Political economy and practical policy. Bombay: Oxford University . Shah, T. (2008). Crop per Drop of Diesel! Energy-Squeeze on India’s Smallholder Irrigation. Anand, India: International Water Management Institute, . Shamaila Zia, T. A. (2012). easibility Assessment of photovoltaic pumping for irrigation in West Bengal, India. 1. Institute of Agricultural Engineering (440e) Universität Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany 2. Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India.
  31. 31. Bibliography Shamaila Zia, T. A. (2012). easibility Assessment of photovoltaic pumping for irrigation in West Bengal, India. 1. Institute of Agricultural Engineering (440e) Universität Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany 2. Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India. Shiv Lal, P. K. (2013). Techno-economic analysis of solar photovoltaic based submersible water pumping system for rural areas of an Indian state Rajasthan . Science Journal of Energy Engineering, 1-4. Singhi_Advisors. (2011). Pump & Valve Industry – Overview & Opportunities. Somasekhar. G, B. G. (2014). Marketing Methodology of Solar PV Power Packs. IOSR Journal of Economics and Finance (IOSR-JEF), 38-43. SPROSS, J. (2014, February 7). India Wants To Switch 26 Million Water Pumps To Solar Power Instead Of Diesel. Retrieved April 15, 2014, from http://thinkprogress.org: http://thinkprogress.org/climate/2014/02/07/3265631/india-solar-pump-swap/ taiyosolar.in. (n.d.). solarpump. Retrieved may 20, 2014, from taiyosolar: http://taiyosolar.in/solarpump.html TATA . (2013). Indian Pumps and Industrial Valves Market. TATA Strategic management group. TERI. (2013). TERI Energy Data Directory & Yearbook (TEDDY) 2012/13. TERI Publication. The Times of India. (2013, March 4). Power-full’ Gujarat gives 24-hour electricity. Retrieved May 10, 2014, from indiatimes.com: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Power-full- Gujarat-gives-24-hour-electricity/articleshow/18786012.cms Tushaar Shah, S. V. (n.d.). Real-time Co-management of Electricity and Groundwater: An Assessment of Gujarat’s Pioneering ‘Jyotirgram’ Scheme. International Water Management Institute, Anand, India.
  32. 32. Site location of SWP User (1) near Hirapur Chokdi
  33. 33. Site location of SWP User (2) near Hirapur Chokdi
  34. 34. Site location of SWP User (3) near Hirapur Chokdi
  35. 35. Site location of SWP User (4) near Palanpur
  36. 36. Site location of SWP User (5) near Ghamij Village
  37. 37. Thank You !!! CEPT/ MTM/ AM0712/ Kevin Kovadia/ kkovadia@gmail.com

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