Narra4ves as spa4al stories in hybrid ecosystem Kai Pata Tallinn University, Estonia Ins4tute of Informa4cs Center for Educa4onal Technology
Are narra4ves primarily inter‐subjec4ve devices that are used to tell stories to others ….or do we use narra4ves as mediators of our ac0ons in the hybrid ecosystem ….and can others use accumulated narra0ves for naviga0on in hybrid spaces?
Telling the stories • A narra4ve is the semio4c representa4on of a series of events meaningfully connected in a temporal and causal way.
Op4on I. Represen4ng stories in new formats • Jay Bushman has been experimen4ng with transla0ons of famous authors’ stories into the microblogging format (eg. The Good Captain hNp://www.loose‐ﬁsh.com/waifpole/the‐good‐ captain/ • His aim is embedding ﬁc0on between the streams of nonﬁc0on that is constantly present in our daily lives. • His goal is to blur the line between the real world and the story world (Shaer, 2008). • hNp://cwd.co.uk/storysofar/
Hybridizing loca4ons with stories • Some authors have embedded their novels into the real geographical loca4ons and provide i0neraries for exploring the novels parallel in real and virtual world to enable for the readers embodiment of the ﬁc0onal story as part of city reality • eg. Carlos Ruiz Zafon, “The Shadow of the Wind” hNp://www.carlosruizzafon.co.uk/shadow‐ walk.html
Experiencing distributed narra4ves • Distribu0on in Time: The narra4ve cannot be experienced in one consecu4ve period of 4me. • Distribu0on in Space: There is no single place in which the whole narra4ve can be experienced. • Distribu0on of Authorship: No single author or group of authors can have complete control of form of the narra4ve. • They appear as aggregated narra0ves or emergent narra0ves hNp://jilltxt.net/txt/Walker‐AoIR‐3500words.pdf
Op4on II. Narra4ve media4on • Bruner’s (1996) cultural‐psychological approach to educa4on emphasizes narra0ves as vehicles for meaning making and iden0ty‐ determina0on. • Embodied simula4on may be how storytelling works as a personal “tool” for placement in hybrid ecosystems • Personal narra4ves are supposed to constrain the choice of ac0ons available to us; they are supposed to indicate to us what to do.
Embodied narra4ves • As we now live in mul4ple reali4es, as we now occupy mul4ple spaces, our cultural dream‐pool will soon include the very real, or lived, experiences of embodiment in virtual worlds, and in turn, new narra4ves will emerge. Doyle & Kim (2007). Embodied narra0ve: The virtual nomad and the meta dreamer Embodiment of virtual stories hNp://www.atypon‐link.com/INT/doi/pdf/10.1386/padm. Pata, 2010 3.2‐3.209_1?cookieSet=1
We are eco‐cogni4ve engineers • Humans are powerful eco‐cogni0ve engineers. • Humans use the environment itself as a representa0on by manipula0ng and even crea0ng it so as to ﬁnd room for new cogni0ve chances not immediately available. • We build and manipulate cogni0ve niches so as to unearth addi0onal resources for behavior control. Bardone, 2010
Op4on III. Community niches for narra4ve media4on • People with various perspec0ves are simultaneously at present in hybrid ecosystems and inﬂuencing them. • Many abstract subspaces can be formed within ecosystems. • Such spaces emerge when parts of the environment are embodied and used similar way by many people. • Groups of individuals who have something in common in their iden0ty create abstract spaces in the ecology ‐ niches.
Ecological inheritance t Adapta4on to the niche Culturally deﬁned dimensions Niche crea4on of the hybrid Community ecosystem t + 1 iden4ty Time Adapted from Odling‐Smee, F.J., Laland, K.N., & Feldman, M.W.
Hybrid digital ecosystem • Social media environments together with geographical loca4ons can be conceptualized as a “hybrid ecosystem”, provided that par0cipants of social media have ecological dependence of the par0cular set of mediators that they use as their niche for taking ac0on.
Spa0ality that is common to both stories and human geography is a key concept in new emerging narra0ves in hybrid environments.
Places in hybrid space: geotags We can deﬁne and conﬁrm paNerns of how tourists navigate the urban space A trace consists in an ordered set of geotagged images taken by one person in one day and downloaded to Flickr. hNp://limlab.com/think/fabien/2006/12/13/tracing‐the‐visitors‐eye/
Places in hybrid space: tags • Posi4on • A) in conceptual space (tags) • B) in geospace (geotags) Tags: Love and trees on Flickr images
Spa4al story prototypes PERCEIVED STORIES TAGSPACE OF STORIES STORYLINE AS A INVASION TRAJECTORY SUSTAINABLE ECOLOGY MESSAGE ATTRACTOR BASINS OF STORIES An existen4al posi4oning (ontobranding)
What may enhance spa4al storytelling? • In the future, visualized niches and aRractor areas for narrators may become powerful real 4me guides for community members to beNer adjust their personal ac4vi4es in respect to community preferences.
Naviga4on across hybrid spaces for informal learning, marke4ng and tourism• Think what kind of Reloca4on in conceptual space possibili4es of interac4on New meanings • a) with other users and to content New places for ac4on • b) with contents are possible if to re‐locate yourself in conceptual space or in geospace. Finding user communi4es Reloca4on in geospace Technical and Design Considera4ons for a Mobile Informa4on System. Mark Bilandzic & Marcus Foth (2009).
Embedding bronze soldier memory from conceptual space into the real space
Open ques4ons How do we tell and read stories that consist of distributed fragments? Dissipa4ng signals Mutual awareness
Contact: Kai Pata firstname.lastname@example.org blog: hNp://4hane.wordpress.com