Worker Protection Standards Basics 2014

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An overview of the EPA Worker Protection Standards is presented, focusing on greenhouse compliance.

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Worker Protection Standards Basics 2014

  1. 1. WORKER PROTECTION STANDARDS Greenhouses, Nurseries, Farms, and Forests Casey Seals UW Laramie R&E Center Manager and Graduate Student Karen Panter Extension Horticulture Specialist
  2. 2. BASIC PRINCIPLES OF THE WORKER PROTECTION STANDARD • August 1992 – EPA Worker Protection Standard (WPS) (40 CFR Part 170) for Agricultural Pesticides – Revised 2005 • Federal regulation covering workers – – – – Farms Forests Nurseries Greenhouses • Protects about 2.5 million agricultural workers
  3. 3. EPA DEFINITIONS • Certified Pesticide Applicator – Authorized to apply "restricted-use" pesticides – Meets requirements for certification under FIFRAmandated programs • Pesticide Handler – Mixes, loads, applies, or otherwise handles pesticides • Worker – Is employed for any type of compensation – Does tasks, such as harvesting, weeding, or watering in production of agricultural plants – Farm, forest, nursery, or greenhouse
  4. 4. SUMMARY OF WPS REQUIREMENTS • Protection during applications – Applicators prohibited from exposing workers or other persons – Workers are barred from treated areas during and after applications • Restricted-entry intervals (REI) – REI found on all agricultural plant pesticide product labels. – Workers barred from entering a pesticide treated area during REI – Some provisions made for early entry
  5. 5. SUMMARY OF WPS REQUIREMENTS (CONT.) • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) – Must provide and maintain PPE for handlers and earlyentry workers – Boots, gloves, cover alls, head covering, respirator
  6. 6. DUTIES RELATED TO PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT • Provide handlers with the PPE the pesticide label requires – – – – Clean and in operating condition Worn and used correctly Inspected before each day of use Repaired or replaced as needed • Respirators must fit correctly – OSHA fit test procedureswww.osha/gov/SLTC/etools/respiratory/ • Take steps to avoid heat illness – Symptoms may mimic pesticide exposure
  7. 7. DUTIES RELATED TO PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT • Provide pesticide-free area for – Storing personal clothing – Putting on PPE at start of task – Taking off PPE at end of task • Do not allow used PPE to be worn home or taken home • Store clean PPE away from other clothing and away from pesticide areas • Follow federal, state, and local laws when disposing of PPE that cannot be cleaned
  8. 8. SUMMARY OF WPS REQUIREMENTS (CONT.) • Decontamination supplies – Water – Soap – Towels • Routine washing and emergency decontamination
  9. 9. SUMMARY OF WPS REQUIREMENTS (CONT.) • Notification – Employees working in treated areas – Must be notified about treated – To avoid inadvertent exposures
  10. 10. PESTICIDE APPLICATION NOTIFICATIONS • Must notify workers – No entry allowed if warning sign is posted on a greenhouse door or in field access • Until REI expires without proper PPE – Application info available • Central location
  11. 11. SUMMARY OF WPS REQUIREMENTS (CONT.) • Emergency assistance – Transportation must be made available – To medical care facility – Poisoning or injury – Must provide info about specific (usually the label)
  12. 12. SUMMARY OF WPS REQUIREMENTS (CONT.) • Pesticide safety training and safety posters – Training is required for all workers and handlers – Pesticide safety poster must be displayed
  13. 13. RESTRICTIONS IN NURSERIES Special Application Restrictions in Nurseries Column A: When a Pesticide is Being Applied: Column B: Workers and Other Persons are Prohibited in: 1. • • • Pesticide-treated area plus 100 feet in all directions on the nursery (a) Applied: Aerially, or In an upward direction, or Using a spray pressure greater than 150 pounds per square inch OR • • • • • (b) Applied as a: Fumigant, or Smoke, or Mist, or Fog, or Aerosol
  14. 14. Special Application Restrictions in Nurseries Column A: When a Pesticide is Being Applied: Column B: Workers and Other Persons are Prohibited in: 2. (a) Applied downward using: Pesticide-treated area plus 25 feet in all • A height of greater than 12 inches from the directions on the nursery planting medium, or • A fine spray, or • A spray pressure greater than 40 pounds per square inch and less than 150 pounds per square inch OR (b) Under circumstances other than (1)(a) or (1)(b) or (2)(a) above but for which the pesticide labeling requires the applicator to wear a respirator 3. In any other manner Pesticide-treated area
  15. 15. RESTRICTIONS IN GREENHOUSES Special Application Restrictions in Greenhouses Column A: When a Pesticide is Applied: Column B: Workers Column C: Until and Other Persons are Prohibited in: Column D: After the Expiration of Time in Column C Until the REI Expires, the EntryRestriced Area Is: 1. As a fumigant Entire greenhouse The ventilation criteria No entry restrictions plus any adjacent are met after criteria in structure that cannot Column C are met be sealed off from the treated area 2. As a • Smoke, or • Mist, or • Fog, or • Aerosol Entire enclosed area The ventilation criteria Entire enclosed area is are met the treated area
  16. 16. Special Application Restrictions in Greenhouses Column A: When a Pesticide is Applied: Column B: Workers Column C: Until and Other Persons are Prohibited in: 3. Under circumstances (other than in 1 or 2) for which the pesticide labeling requires the applicator to wear a respirator Entire enclosed area Column D: After the Expiration of Time in Column C Until the REI Expires, the EntryRestricted Area Is: The ventilation criteria Pesticide-treated area are met
  17. 17. Special Application Restrictions in Greenhouses Column A: When a Pesticide is Applied: Column B: Workers Column C: Until and Other Persons are Prohibited in: Column D: After the Expiration of Time in Column C Until the REI Expires, the EntryRestricted Area Is: 3. Other than in 1, 2, or 3 but: • From a height of greater than 12 inches from the planting medium, or • As a fine spray, or • Using a spray pressure greater than 40 pounds per square inch Pesticide-treated area plus 25 feet in all directions within the entire enclosed area Application is complete Pesticide-treated area 5. In any other manner Pesticide-treated area Application is complete Pesticide-treated area
  18. 18. GREENHOUSE VENTILATION REQUIREMENTS • If Column C indicates ventilation restrictions apply – Then at least one of the following must be met • Concentration of pesticide in the air less than or equal to inhalation exposure level on label • OR
  19. 19. GREENHOUSE VENTILATION REQUIREMENTS • If no inhalation exposure is listed, keep workers out until after: – 10 air exchanges, or – 2 hours ventilation using fans or other mechanical ventilating systems, or – 4 hours of ventilation using vents, windows or other passive ventilation, or – 11 hours with no ventilation followed by 1 hour of mechanical ventilation, or – 11 hours with no ventilation followed by 2 hours of passive ventilation, or – 24 hours with no ventilation
  20. 20. SUMMARY OF WPS REQUIREMENTS (CONT.) • Access to labels and site specific information – Labels must be available – MSDS as well (Material Safety Data Sheets or Material Data Sheets) – Central posting of recent pesticide applications is required
  21. 21. WHO MUST HAVE PESTICIDE TRAINING? • WPS training must be provided to untrained workers for entry to area – Where pesticide applied within past 30 days – REI has been in effect • Licensed applicators are exempt from this training • Training is valid for 5 years upon completion
  22. 22. PESTICIDE SAFETY INFORMATION • Pesticides or pesticide residues may be on or in: – Plants – Soil – Irrigation water – Drift
  23. 23. PESTICIDE SAFETY INFORMATION (CONT.) • To prevent pesticide exposure – Pay attention to signs about staying out of treated areas – Wash hands before and after eating, drinking, using chewing gum or tobacco, or restroom use – Wear appropriate work clothing • Socks and closed toe shoes • Long sleeve shirt • Long pants
  24. 24. PESTICIDE SAFETY INFORMATION (CONT.) – Wash/shower and put on clean clothes after work – Wash work clothes separately from other clothes – Wash immediately in the nearest clean water if accidentally exposed – ASAP shower, change into clean clothes
  25. 25. PESTICIDE SAFETY INFORMATION (CONT.) • Workers should not – – – – – Take home or reuse empty pesticide containers Clean up a pesticide spill Apply pesticides on the premises (handlers only) Stay in areas near the application of a pesticide Attempt to rescue a person who is incapacitated in pesticide application area • Workers SHOULD call 911instead
  26. 26. PESTICIDE LABEL INFORMATION • Pesticide Label includes – – – – – – – – – Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Restricted-Entry Interval (REI) EPA Registration Number Active ingredients Application Information/Directions for Use/Storage and Disposal First Aid Information Precautionary Statements/Safety Recommendations Agricultural Use Requirements Environmental Hazards
  27. 27. PESTICIDE LABEL INFORMATION (CONT.) *Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) or Poison Control Centers may not have all of the information that is included on the Product Label. *Have the product label with you when calling a poison control center or doctor, or going for treatment.
  28. 28. FORMS OF PESTICIDES ENCOUNTERED • • • • • • • Fumigant Granule Mist Aerosol Spray Drench Bait
  29. 29. PESTICIDE CENTRAL INFORMATION BOARD
  30. 30. INFORMATION AT A CENTRAL LOCATION • Easily-seen central location, close together – WPS safety poster – name, address, and telephone number of the nearest medical facility
  31. 31. INFORMATION AT A CENTRAL LOCATION • Must display for each pesticide application – from before each application begins until 30 days after REI expires – product name, EPA registration number, and active ingredient(s) – location and description of treated area – time and date of application – REI
  32. 32. INFORMATION AT A CENTRAL LOCATION
  33. 33. INFORMATION AT A CENTRAL LOCATION • Inform workers and handlers where the information is posted and allow them access • Inform workers and handlers about changes in emergency facility information • Keep posted information legible
  34. 34. SYMPTOMS OF PESTICIDE POISONING • • • • • • • • Tiredness or dizziness Headache or blurred vision Excessive sweating Chest pains or trouble breathing Nausea Stomach cramps or diarrhea Skin rashes Eye irritation
  35. 35. PESTICIDE POISONING (CONT.) • If you suspect pesticide poisoning 1. Stop what you are doing 2. Follow emergency first aid procedures on the pesticide label 3. Contact your boss or a co-worker for help 4. Have someone drive you to an emergency medical center
  36. 36. SYMPTOMS OF HEAT ILLNESS • • • • • • • • • Dizziness Fatigue/fainting Decreased concentration/coordination Impaired judgment Headache Heavy sweating Muscle weakness/cramps Fast pulse Nausea
  37. 37. HEAT ILLNESS (CONT.) • Five steps to cool someone down 1. Get them out of direct sun 2. Take off outer layers of clothing 3. Wrap them loosely in wet cloths or towels 4. Pour water on them 5. Fan them vigorously
  38. 38. RESOURCES FOR WPS How To Comply With the Worker Protection Standard for Agricultural Pesticides: What Employers Need To Know http://www.epa.gov/oecaagct/htc.html EPA Office of Pesticide Programs: www.epa.gov/pesticides Region 8 (CO, MT, ND, SD, UT, WY) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 8 Pesticide Program (8P-P3T) 999 18th St., Suite 300 Denver, CO 80202-2466 (800) 227- 8917
  39. 39. RESOURCES FOR WPS Food Quality Protection Act: www.epa.gov/opp00001/regulating/laws/fqpa/ National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH): www.cdc.gov/niosh/ Pesticide Poisoning Surveillance System: www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/pesticides/overview.html National Pesticide Information Center (EPA-funded): http://npic.orst.edu EPA Controlling Pests: www.epa.gov/pesticides/controlling/index.htm NEETF’s Pesticides Resource Library: www.neetf.org/Health/Resources/healthcare.htm Gemplers: http://www.gemplers.com/safety Occupational Safety and Health, Respiratory Protection:
  40. 40. THANKS • Questions?

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