Waterwise Landscaping

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The seven steps of water-wise landscaping (also known as xeriscaping) are discussed.

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Waterwise Landscaping

  1. 1. Water-Wise Landscaping: Seven Steps Karen Panter, Ph.D. Extension Horticulture Specialist Department of Plant Sciences Your Logo Here
  2. 2. Seven Steps • Credit goes to Denver Water – Originators of the xeriscape concept – And the seven steps
  3. 3. Seven Steps • Planning and Design • Limiting Turf Areas • Selecting and Zoning Plants • Improving the Soil • Using Mulches • Irrigating Efficiently • Maintaining Appropriately
  4. 4. Planning and Design • Site analysis – Boundaries – Structures – Patios – Decks – Walkways • Site analysis – Existing plants
  5. 5. Planning and Design • Look for microclimates – Orientation – Wind exposure – Slope • Usage analysis – Kids – Pets – Entertaining
  6. 6. Planning and Design • Design – Enhance certain areas – Block certain views • Implement in stages – Time – $$
  7. 7. Limiting Turf Areas • Decks • Patios • Walkways • Garden areas • Kids • Pets
  8. 8. Limiting Turf Areas • Avoid “zeroscape” – Total absence of turf – Rocks, yucca, and cactus
  9. 9. Selecting and Zoning Plants • Misunderstood step • Low water requiring desert
  10. 10. Selecting and Zoning Plants • Water requirements influenced by – Plant species – Temperature – Soil conditions – Slope – Wind exposure – Sun exposure
  11. 11. Selecting and Zoning Plants • Group plants together – similar water requirements • Low water requiring • Medium water requiring • High water requiring • Irrigate accordingly
  12. 12. Improving the Soil • Our soils generally poor – Clay – Sand • Add organic matter
  13. 13. Improving the Soil • Organic matter – Well-composted manure – Good quality compost – Peat moss • Two inch layer – Rototill – Spade
  14. 14. Using Mulches • Cover soil • Reduce evaporation • Slow erosion • Slow weed growth • Regulate soil temperature
  15. 15. Using Mulches • Organic – Decompose – Improve soil – Add periodically – Bark – Wood chips – Pine needles – Others
  16. 16. Using Mulches • Inorganic – Won’t decompose – Gravel – Cobblestone – Lava rock – Clay aggregates – Others
  17. 17. Using Mulches • On soil • 3 to 4 inch layer • Avoid plastic – Restricts water – Restricts air
  18. 18. Irrigating Efficiently • Common misconception: – Once planted, water savings start immediately • Plants need establishment time
  19. 19. Irrigating Efficiently • Base watering on need – Not schedule • Automatic systems – Adjust according to season • Drip systems – Can be efficient • Manual watering – According to need
  20. 20. Irrigating Efficiently • Watering tips – Water in the morning – Avoid during the heat of the day – Avoid when windy
  21. 21. Maintaining Appropriately • Every yard requires maintenance • Still need to – Weed – Mow – Prune – Fertilize – Maintain sprinklers – Winter water
  22. 22. Seven Steps • Planning and Design • Limiting Turf Areas • Selecting and Zoning Plants • Improving the Soil • Using Mulches • Irrigating Efficiently • Maintaining Appropriately
  23. 23. Discussion Points • Retrofits • Limitations of drip irrigation • Plant material • Turf types (next presentation) • Other?
  24. 24. More questions? Karen Panter, Ph.D. kpanter@uwyo.edu 307-766-5117

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