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Finding & Using Public Domain Works for Teaching & Learning

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Updated 2020 December. This presentation gives a definition of public domain in the United States and its attributes, along with suggested best practices for using public domain works in teaching and learning. It also includes suggested sites for finding and learning more about public domain works.

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Finding & Using Public Domain Works for Teaching & Learning

  1. 1. Finding & Using Public Domain Works for Teaching & Learning Kristy Padron, MLIS Associate University Librarian kpadron@fau.edu https://library.fau.edu/scholarly-communication
  2. 2. Objectives:  Define Public Domain.  Identify when works are in the Public Domain.  Outline best practices in using Public Domain works.  Locate sources of Public Domain works.
  3. 3. Defining Public Domain
  4. 4. What is Public Domain? Creative materials or works that are not protected by intellectual property laws such as copyright, trademark, or patent (Stanford University, 2019). Image Credit: Pointing Finger in Vintage Gravure Style, by Vecteezy. https://www.vecteezy.com/vector-art/152173-pointing-finger- in-vintage-gravure-style. Licensed by CC-BY 2.0.
  5. 5. What is a work? A unique expression of a fact (Stanford University Libraries, 2019).
  6. 6. What is a work? An idea that is fixed in one or more tangible mediums of expression, such as:  Text  Image  Sound  Other physical object
  7. 7. What is Public Domain? In plain language: Works owned by no one! Image Credit: Pointing Finger in Vintage Gravure Style, by Vecteezy. https://www.vecteezy.com/vector-art/152173-pointing-finger- in-vintage-gravure-style. Licensed by CC-BY 2.0.
  8. 8. What is Public Domain?  Free of cost.  Open terms of use. However, some works have restrictions put in place by a work’s creator, or other legal issues! Image Credit: Pointing Finger in Vintage Gravure Style, by Vecteezy. https://www.vecteezy.com/vector-art/152173-pointing- finger-in-vintage-gravure-style. Licensed by CC-BY 2.0.
  9. 9. Identify when works are in the Public Domain
  10. 10. What influences when a work is in the Public Domain? Date: when it was created or first published Type of work: book, image, music score, etc. Origin: the country or location where it was created
  11. 11. Why do works enter the Public Domain?  The work was published before copyright law existed.  The copyright was lost, never attained, or not renewed.  The copyright owner willingly dedicated their work.  The work didn’t quality for copyright (it was a recipe, idea, or fact).
  12. 12. How can I determine copyright for a work?  Look at a work’s information (author, copyright, publication, etc.).  U.S. Copyright Office provides information about current span of protection for copyrighted works.  Refer to publications and reputable web sites.
  13. 13. Using Public Domain Materials
  14. 14. How can I use Public Domain works in teaching and scholarly or creative activities?  Images: include illustrations, presentations, or in publications  Course materials: readings, labs  Exercises & assignments: translations, applying concepts  Research: reuse, repurpose, or integrate  Creative works: also reuse, repurpose, create a derivative or updated work
  15. 15. What are some best practices for using Public Domain works?  Understand and apply basic copyright principles.  Assume that every work is protected by copyright until it is established that it is not. C
  16. 16. What are some best practices for using Public Domain works?  Confirm whether or not a work is in the Public Domain.  Save any record of this confirmation.  Give attribution when works are used:  Intellectual/ Academic Integrity: attribution is necessary for this reason and to avoid plagiarism!  Copyright/ Legal Issue: a copyright attribution is not required since a Public Domain work doesn’t have copyright protection. C
  17. 17. Find Public Domain Materials
  18. 18. Do Public Domain works have a label?  A government-approved or legally enforceable label does not exist.  However, the following are used as identifiers: No Rights Reserved (CC0)  Issued by creators.  Free from copyright restrictions to the greatest extent possible. Public Domain Mark (PDM)  Labels very old works from around the world known to be free from copyright restrictions.
  19. 19. Where can I find Public Domain materials? Meta-lists:  Creative Commons Search Tool search.creativecommons.org  Wikimedia Commons (images, sounds, other sources) commons.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Public_domain
  20. 20. Where can I find Public Domain materials? Books & Texts:  Digital Public Library of America www.dp.la  Library of Congress catalog.loc.gov  Project Gutenberg www.gutenberg.org
  21. 21. Where can I find Public Domain materials? Images & Museums:  Flickr www.flickr.com  Getty Images Search Engine www.gettyimages.com/search.getty.edu  Videvo www.videvo.net
  22. 22. Where can I find Public Domain materials? Music (Sound, Sheet Music):  Library of Congress Songs of America www.loc.gov/collections/songs-of-america  Mutopia Project www.mutopiaproject.org
  23. 23. Where can I find Public Domain materials? Maps:  National Map Viewer viewer.nationalmap.gov/advanced-viewer  U.S. Census Bureau Geography Program www.census.gov/programs-surveys/geography.html
  24. 24. Where can I learn more about Public Domain? Cornell University Library Copyright Information Center (2019). Copyright term and the public domain in the United States. https://copyright.cornell.edu/publicdomain Creative Commons (n.d.). Guide to using public domain tools. https://wiki.creativecommons.org/images/8/88/Publicdomain.pdf Fishman, S. (2017). The public domain: Find and use free content for your website, book, app, music, video, art, and more (8th Ed.). Nolo. Stanford University Libraries (2019). Copyright & fair use: Welcome to the public domain. https://fairuse.stanford.edu/overview/public-domain/welcome/
  25. 25. Where can I learn more about Public Domain?  Public Domain LibGuide: https://libguides.fau.edu/scs-public-domain  Scholarly Communication Services: https://library.fau.edu/scholarly-communication Unless indicated, the source of images are from Unsplash.com or Pixabay.com and are reused with CC0 (public domain) license (https://creativecommons.org/share-your-work/public-domain/cc0/). Cited images reused via evaluating fair use (https://www.copyright.gov/fair-use/more-info.html).
  26. 26. Finding & Using Public Domain Works for Teaching & Learning Kristy Padron, MLIS Associate University Librarian kpadron@fau.edu https://library.fau.edu/scholarly-communication

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