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Bibliometrics and Altmetrics: Presentation to FAU College of Nursing

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Bibliometrics and Altmetrics: Presentation to FAU College of Nursing

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An introduction and overview of common bibliometrics such as Journal Impact Factor and CiteScore, along with tips on how to locate them. This presentation also provides insight on altmetrics, or other descriptive figures for article- and author-level work. Presented to FAU College of Nursing in January 2021, with revision in July 2021.

An introduction and overview of common bibliometrics such as Journal Impact Factor and CiteScore, along with tips on how to locate them. This presentation also provides insight on altmetrics, or other descriptive figures for article- and author-level work. Presented to FAU College of Nursing in January 2021, with revision in July 2021.

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Bibliometrics and Altmetrics: Presentation to FAU College of Nursing

  1. 1. Bibliometrics and Altmetrics, FAU College of Nursing Scholarly Communication Services (SCS) By Kristy Padron, MLIS SCS Coordinator and Associate University Librarian kpadron@fau.edu https://library.fau.edu/staff/kpadron January 2021, Updated July 2021
  2. 2. I heard of the eigenfactor, but… …what exactly is it? What if a journal doesn’t have an impact factor? I’m confused! Same here! I couldn’t find one for where I published. Image Credits: Pixabay.com. Permission by CC0.
  3. 3. Today’s Objectives •Define bibliometrics, their purpose, and use. •Introduce types of altmetrics. •Outline ways to find types of bibliometrics. •Describe some issues regarding their use. Image Credit: by K. Padron, 2020.
  4. 4. Bibliometrics: A Short Intro Definition: the statistical analysis of publications, books, or articles (Duberman & Sieving, 2017). bi-blē-ə-ˈme-triks
  5. 5. Bibliometrics: A Short Intro Initial Uses: •Examine scholarly networks. •(Scholars) Identify relevant sources. Image Credit: Pixabay.com. Permission by CC0.
  6. 6. Bibliometrics: A Short Intro Current Uses: • Identify seminal journals (for reading or publication) • Measure a journal’s productivity and influence • Descriptive/ evaluative purposes: • Researcher productivity • Bids for promotion and tenure • Grant funding • Hiring Image Credit: Pixabay.com. Permission by CC0.
  7. 7. Types of Bibliometrics Journal-Level* • Quantitative measurements of quality and influence of journals generated through using citation formulas. Article-Level Author-Level Altmetrics* • Indications of impact through mentions, media coverage, shares, and other online interactions. Image Credit: Conservation & Society, 2020. http://www.conservationandsociety.org/currentissue.asp. Permission by CC BY-NC-SA.
  8. 8. Journal-Level Metrics Journal Impact Factor (JIF) CiteScore Metrics Source Normalized Impact Per Paper (SNIP) SCImago Journal Rank Eigenfactor Score Company/ Organization Brief Description Sources of Information URLs to Find a Metric
  9. 9. Journal Impact Factor (JIF) Product / Company: Journal Citation Reports (JCR) by Clarivate Analytics, WOS Group Most widely known, influential in STEM and health science disciplines. Identifies the frequency in which an average article from a journal is cited within a year. Evaluates or compares a journal’s relative importance with others in the same field (Web of Science Group, 2020). Image Credit: Clarivate Analytics, Web of Science Group. https://clarivate.com/webofscie ncegroup/
  10. 10. Journal Impact Factor (JIF) Citable Items: published articles and reviews. Excluded: letters, editorial materials. Source of Journals and Data: Web of Science (Social Science Citation Index and Science Citation Index Expanded). Image Credit: Clarivate Analytics, Web of Science Group. https://clarivate.com/webofscie ncegroup/
  11. 11. Journal Impact Factor (JIF)  Find JIF: • JCR: Journal Citation Reports – now available through FAU. • Visit a journal’s home page. Image Source: AJN: American Journal of Nursing. https://journals.lww.com/ajnonline/Pages/aboutthejournal.aspx
  12. 12. CiteScore Metrics Product/ Company: Scopus by Elsevier Includes STEM, social sciences, and arts and humanities. Calculated once per year. Not a field-normalized metric. • A CiteScore for a journal in one discipline should not be compared to the score of a journal in another. Image Credit: Scopus. https://www.scopus.com
  13. 13. CiteScore Metrics  Citable Items: peer-reviewed journals, trade publications, books, conference papers, patents, and more.  Source of Journals and Data: journals and various publications indexed in Scopus. Image Credit: Scopus. https://www.scopus.com
  14. 14. CiteScore Metrics  Find CiteScore: scopus.com/sources
  15. 15. CiteScore Metrics  Find CiteScore: scopus.com/sources
  16. 16. Other Bibliometrics Image Credit: CWTS. https://www.journalindicators.com Image Credit: SCImago Lab. https://www.scimagolab.com/ Image Credit: Eigenfactor.Org. http://www.eigenfactor.org/ Source Normalized Impact Per Paper (SNIP) https://www.journalindicators.com CWTS Journal Indicators by Leiden University Accounts for differences in citation practices between science fields. SCImago Journal Rank https://scimajojr.com/journalrank.php SCIMago Lab by University of Granada Captures effect of the subject field, quality, and reputation a journal has on a citation. Eigenfactor Score https://www.eiganfactor.org and Journal Citation Reports Attempts to capture the influence and prestige of journals through its citation networks.
  17. 17. Caveats of Journal Metrics Image Credit: Pixabay.com. Permission by CC0.
  18. 18. Caveats of Journal Metrics They do not readily apply to all disciplines because of their publishing and citation norms. Favor long-established journals and those that publish a large number of articles. The formulas used to generate them are frequently criticized (transparency and statistics). They can be “gamed.” Image Credit: Pixabay.com. Permission by CC0.
  19. 19. Caveats of Journal Metrics The formulas used to generate them are frequently criticized. • Statistical issues • Lack of transparency • Included and excluded publications • Subject to updates Metrics can be gamed: excessive self-citation, “citation cartels” by publishers. Image Credit: Pixabay.com. Permission by CC0.
  20. 20. Caveats of Journal Metrics Some metrics are not field- normalized. There is no standardized metric or ranking for impact that includes all subjects. Determining what a “good metric” or number may be quite complicated. Misuse. Image Credit: Pixabay.com. Permission by CC0.
  21. 21. Find Journal-Level Metrics  Visit a journal’s home page.  Go to a bibliometric’s site.  Search in Journal Citation Reports.  What if I can’t find one for a journal?  A journal may not have been given a metric.  Its title wasn’t included in Scopus or Web of Science indexes.  It hasn’t been published long enough (3 year minimum). Image Credit: Pixabay.com. Permission by CC0.
  22. 22. Altmetrics: A Definition Definition: metrics and descriptive data that can be used in addition to traditional bibliometric factors that describe a work's impact. Keeps tabs on more than journal articles: may include blogs, data sets, posters, trade journal articles, and book chapters (among others). Goes beyond citation counts and relies on web-based activity or interactions. (Tattersall, 2016). ALT Image Credit: by K. Padron, 2020.
  23. 23. Altmetrics: Purposes Purposes: • Provide an alternative or complement to traditional bibliometrics. • Research outputs have become varied (there’s more than published journal articles), and scholars wanted to also take those into account (Priem, Taraborelli, Groth & Neylon, 2010). LT Image Credit: by K. Padron, 2020. ALT
  24. 24. Altmetrics: Uses Use: Capture (web-based) information about the interest, discussion, or interaction with the artifact-level of a work. Specifics: • Identify where and how one’s work is being discussed. • Show evidence of your publishing/ creative activity and potential. • Find collaborators. • Marketing purposes. Image Credit: Pixabay.com. Permission by CC0.
  25. 25. Altmetrics: Data Sources Data sources: compiled through web-based interactions, activity, and discussion: • Media/ online coverage (news, blogs) • Social media activities • Bookmarks, shares, or saves in online reference managers (Mendeley) • Number of views or likes (SlideShare) • Recommendations in sites (FigShare) • Notes, comments, or annotations in post-peer review resources (F1000). Specific data sources also depend on type of altmetric. • Altmetric.com includes book reviews and certain scholarly platforms (F1000). • Plum Analytics (PlumX) uses information from Elsevier and its platforms (SSRN). Images Credit: Pixabay.com. Permission by CC0.
  26. 26. Example: “Oh my aching back: Do yoga, Tai Chi, or Qigong help?” • A review article by FAU researchers in College of Nursing and College of Design and Social Inquiry. • Published in Holistic Nursing Practice. • Mentions: • The Express (UK) • Runner’s World • MSN News • Twitter Image Credit: Florida Atlantic University & Galoustian, G. (2020, February 6). Oh my aching back: Do yoga, Tai Chai or Qigong help? [Web page]. http://www.fau.edu/newsdesk/articles/chronic-back- pain.php
  27. 27. Image Credit: Park, J., Krause-Parello, C.A., & Barnes, C. M. (2020). A narrative review of movement-based mind-body interventions. Holistic Nursing Practice, 34(1): 3-23. DOI: 10.1097/HNP.0000000000000360.
  28. 28. Image Credit: Altmetric.com (2021, January 11). A narrative review of movement-based mind-body interventions [Web page]. https://wiley.altmetric.com/details/70725780.
  29. 29. Altmetric Products *Subscription-Based: an individual or organization account is required, though some free features may be available. • Plum Analytics (PlumX Metrics) by Elsevier • Altmetric by Digital Science Image Source: Plum Analytics. https://plumanalytics.com/ Image Credit: Altmetric, https://www.altmetric.com
  30. 30. Plum Analytics Plum Analytics (PlumX Metrics) by Elsevier  Web: https://plumanalytics.com/  Subscription-based  Artifact/ Article-level data  Author-level data  Metric categories: • Citations: citation indexes, patent citations, clinical citations, policy citations • Usage: clicks, downloads, views, library holdings • Captures: bookmarks, favorites, code forks, watchers • Mentions: blog posts, reviews, Wikipedia references, news sources • Social media: tweets, comments, shares, and likes Image Source: Plum Analytics. https://plumanalytics.com/
  31. 31. Plum Analytics Example (Article-Level in Journal)
  32. 32. Plum Analytics Example (Article-Level in PlumX Metrics) Full details on article-level information is available in PlumX Metrics (subscription- based).
  33. 33. Altmetric Altmetric by Digital Science  Web: https://www.altmetric.com  Tracks outputs with an identifier (e.g., DOI) and if is mentioned in their tracked data sources.  Focuses on artifact/ article-level data.  Data Sources: ranges from news outlets to F1000 Prime research highlights Image Credit: Altmetric, https://www.altmetric.com
  34. 34. Altmetric Attention Score  Altmetric Attention Score: a weighted count of all the attention a research output received from sources (Altmetric, n.d.). • Graphically represented by “The Donut” • Based on the following: • Volume of attention • Sources (which are weighted) • Authors of mentions (considers bias and audience). Image Credit: Altmetric, https://www.altmetric.com
  35. 35. Altmetric: Free Tools  Altmetric Bookmarklet (for published individual works): When provided by a publisher, the bookmarklet shows Altmetric data for any published research output with a DOI. Image source: Altmetric bookmarklet, https://www.altmetric.com/products/free-tools/bookmarklet/
  36. 36. Free Tools: https://www.altmetric. com/products/free- tools/  Badges for Individual researchers: for personal website or online CV.  Badges lead to detailed Altmetric page for a given work (next page). Altmetric: Free Tools Image Source: John S. Fossey Research Group, http://www.johnfossey.com/publications/index.php
  37. 37. Detailed Altmetric Page Image Source: Derivatisation of Parthenolide to Address Chemoresistant Chronic Lymphoctic Leukaemia, by Altmetric, https://www.altmetric.com/details/54622565
  38. 38. Other Altmetric Sources Altmetrics can also be gleaned through hand searching: Journal pages (for where articles were published) Institutional repositories: downloads, views WorldCat: library holdings Image Credit: Pixabay.com. Permission by CC0.
  39. 39. WorldCat Book Record Image source: WorldCat (2021), by OCLC https://www.worldcat.org
  40. 40. Other Altmetric Sources Search for reviews, mentions, or rankings: Google Scholar: scholar.google.com Amazon: www.amazon.com These focus on popular titles or those with a humanities focus: GoodReads, LibraryThing, Wikipedia, etc. Image Credit: Pixabay.com. Permission by CC0.
  41. 41. Amazon Book Record Image source: Amazon.Com (2021), https://www.amazon.com
  42. 42. Which altmetric is most useful? Some considerations… …the types of artifacts that you and your colleagues produce (data sets, journal articles, books, conference papers, etc.). …your discipline norms for evaluating productivity and impact or influence. …the ways your scholarship, research, or creative works are typically communicated. …the type of information or figures that most meaningfully communicate your work and its impact. …the availability of altmetrics for your work. Image Credit: Pixabay.com. Permission by CC0.
  43. 43. More Information  Research Impact LibGuide https://bit.ly/scs-impact  Scholarly Communication Services Home https://bit.ly/scs-fau • Topics and information • Request consultations, presentations (class and groups) Image Credit: Pixabay.com. Permission by CC0.
  44. 44. Works Cited Altmetric (n.d.). The donut and Altmetric Attention Score [Web Page]. https://www.altmetric.com/about-our- data/the-donut-and-score Duberman, J.A., & Sieving, P.C. (2017). Information resources for the clinical researcher. In Gallin, J.I., Ogibene, F.P., & Johnson, L.L., Principles and practice of clinical research (4th Ed.). Academic Press. Eigenfactor.Org (n.d.). About the Eigenfactor® Project [Web page]. http://www.eigenfactor.org/about.php González-Pereira, B., Guerrero-Bote, V.P., & Maya-Anegón, F. (2010). A new approach to the metrics of journals’ scientific prestige: The SJR Indicator. Journal of Informetrics, 4(3): 379-391. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joi.2010.03.002 Priem, J., Taraborelli, D., Groth, P., & Neylon, C. (2010). Altmetrics: A manifesto [Web Page]. http://altmetrics.org/manifesto Tattersall, A. (2016). Altmetrics: A practical guide for librarians, researchers and academics. Facet. Waltman, L., van Eck, N.J., van Leeuwen, T.N., Visser, M.S. (2013). Some modifications to the SNIP journal impact factor. Journal of Informetrics, 7(2): 272-285. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joi.2012.11.011 Web of Science Group (2020). Journal Citation Report: Learn the basics [Web page]. https://libguides.com/JCR/basics West, J.D., Bergstrom, T.C., & Bergstrom, C.T. (2010). The Eigenfactor MetricsTM: A network approach assessing scholarly journals. College & Research Libraries, 71(3). https://doi.org/10.5860/0701236 Cited images reused via indicated permissions or presenter’s evaluation of fair use (https://www.copyright.gov/fair- use/more-info.html).

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