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Altmetrics: What They Are and How They Can Be Used

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Altmetrics are the descriptive data that can be used in addition to bibliometrics (e.g., CiteScore, Journal Impact Factor) that describe a work's impact. This 15-minute workshop gives 3 commonly used altmetrics, and how others can be found.

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Altmetrics: What They Are and How They Can Be Used

  1. 1. Altmetrics: What They Are and How They Can Be Used Scholarly Communication Services (SCS) By Kristy Padron, MLIS SCS Coordinator and Associate University Librarian kpadron@fau.edu https://library.fau.edu/staff/kpadron July 2020
  2. 2. • Review bibliometrics to place altmetrics into context. • Define altmetrics, their purpose, and use. • Identify commonly used altmetrics. • Find altmetrics Workshop Objectives ALT Image Credit: by K. Padron, 2020.
  3. 3. Bibliometrics: A Short Intro  Definition: the statistical analysis of publications, books, or articles (Duberman & Sieving, 2017). bi-blē-ə-ˈme-triks Image Credit: by K. Padron, 2020.
  4. 4. Bibliometrics: A Short Intro Initial Uses: • Examine scholarly networks. • (Scholars) Identify relevant sources. • (Libraries) Select journals and works for collections. Image Credit: Pixabay.com. Permission by CC0. Image Credit: by K. Padron, 2020.
  5. 5. Bibliometrics: A Short Intro Current Uses: • Identify seminal journals (for reading or publication) • Measure of productivity and influence • Descriptive/ evaluative areas of use: • Researcher productivity • Bids for promotion and tenure • Grant funding • Hiring Image Credit: Pixabay.com. Permission by CC0. Image Credit: by K. Padron, 2020.
  6. 6. Types of Bibliometrics Journal-Level Article-Level Author-Level Altmetrics* Image Credits: Conservation & Society, 2020. http://www.conservationandsociety.org/currentissue.a sp. Permission by CC BY-NC-SA. Chiang-Hanisko, L., Newman, D., Dyess, S., Duangporn, Pl, & Liehr, P. (2015). Guidance for using mixed methods design in nursing practice research. Applied Nursing Research, 31, 1-5. From ScienceDirect by Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnr.2015.12.006. Author profile, by K. Padron, 2020.
  7. 7.  Definition: metrics and descriptive data that can be used in addition to traditional bibliometric factors that describe a work's impact.  Keeps tabs on more than journal articles: may include blogs, data sets, posters, trade journal articles, and book chapters (among others).  Goes beyond citation counts and relies on web-based activity or interactions. (Tattersall, 2016). Altmetrics: A Definition ALT Image Credit: by K. Padron, 2020.
  8. 8.  Purposes: • Provide an alternative or complement to traditional bibliometrics. • Research outputs have become varied (there’s more than published journal articles), and scholars wanted to also take those into account (Priem, Taraborelli, Groth & Neylon, 2010). Altmetrics: Purposes ALT Image Credit: by K. Padron, 2020.
  9. 9.  Use: Capture (web-based) information about the interest, discussion, or interaction with the artifact-level of a work.  Specifics: • Identify where and how one’s work is being discussed. • Show evidence of your publishing/ creative activity and potential. • Find collaborators. • Marketing purposes. Altmetrics: Uses Image Credit: Pixabay.com. Permission by CC0.
  10. 10.  Data sources: compiled through web- based interactions, activity, and discussion: • Media/ online coverage (news, blogs) • Social media activities: shares, likes, or mentions (Twitter, Facebook) • Bookmarks, shares, or saves in online reference managers (Mendeley) • Number of views or likes (SlideShare) • Recommendations in sites (FigShare) • Notes, comments, or annotations in post-peer review resources (F1000).  Specific data sources also depend on type of altmetric. • Altmetric.com includes book reviews and certain scholarly platforms (F1000). • Plum Analytics (PlumX) has agreements with certain publishers (Elsevier) and platforms (SSRN). Altmetrics: Data Sources Images Credit: Pixabay.com. Permission by CC0.
  11. 11. Image Credit: Florida Atlantic University and Gisele Galoustian (2020, April 23). FAU study finds being fun is no laughing matter [Web page]. http://www.fau.edu/newsdesk/articles/being-fun-study.php Example: “Being fun is no laughing matter.” • Study headed by an FAU psychology professor. • Article published in Journal of Personality. • Media Mentions: • Psychology Today • PsychCentral • Science Daily • Twitter
  12. 12. Image Credit: Laursen, B., Altman, R.L., Bukowski, W.M. & Wei, L. (2020). Being fun: An overlooked indicator of childhood social status. Journal of Personality, from Wiley Online Library. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12546.
  13. 13. Image Credit: Altmetric.com (2020, June). Being fun: An overlooked indicator of childhood social status [Web page]. https://wiley.altmetric.co m/details/77446220
  14. 14. *Subscription-Based: an individual or organization account is required, though some free features may be available. • Plum Analytics (PlumX Metrics) by Elsevier • Altmetric by Digital Science • Impactstory Altmetric Products* Image Source: Plum Analytics. https://plumanalytics.com/ Image Credit: Altmetric, https://www.altmetric.com Image Credit: Impactstory, https://www.impactstory.com
  15. 15. Plum Analytics (PlumX Metrics) by Elsevier  Web: https://plumanalytics.com/  Subscription-based  Artifact/ Article-level data  Author-level data  Metric categories: • Citations: citation indexes, patent citations, clinical citations, policy citations • Usage: clicks, downloads, views, library holdings • Captures: bookmarks, favorites, code forks, watchers • Mentions: blog posts, reviews, Wikipedia references, news sources • Social media: tweets, comments, shares, and likes Plum Analytics Image Source: Plum Analytics. https://plumanalytics.com/
  16. 16. Plum Analytics Example (Article-Level in PlumX Metrics) Full details on article-level information is available in PlumX Metrics (subscription- based).
  17. 17. Plum Analytics Example (Author-Level in PlumX Metrics)
  18. 18. • Public policy documents • News outlets (2,000+) • Online reference managers (Mendeley, etc.) • Post-publication peer-review platforms • Wikipedia (in English-language) • Open Syllabus Project • Patents (IFFI Patent Claims) • Blogs • Citations (Dimensions citation data) • Research highlights (F1000Prime) • Social media • Multimedia and other online platforms (YouTube, Reddit) • Author badges Altmetric Altmetric by Digital Science  Web: https://www.altmetric.com  Tracks outputs with an identifier (e.g., DOI) and if is mentioned in their tracked data sources.  Focuses on artifact/ article-level data.  Data Sources: Image Credit: Altmetric, https://www.altmetric.com
  19. 19. Altmetric Attention Score  Altmetric Attention Score: a weighted count of all the attention a research output received from sources (Altmetric, n.d.). • Graphically represented by “The Donut” • Colors represent types of data sources (media mentions, tweets, etc.). • Based on the following: • Volume of attention • Sources (which are weighted) • Authors of mentions (considers bias and audience). Image Credit: Altmetric, https://www.altmetric.com
  20. 20. Free Tools: https://www.altmetric. com/products/free- tools/  Badges for Individual researchers: for personal website or online CV.  Badges lead to detailed Altmetric page for a given work (next page). Altmetric: Free Tools Image source: Altmetric bookmarklet, https://www.altmetric.com/products/free-tools/bookmarklet/ Image Source: John S. Fossey Research Group, http://www.johnfossey.com/publications/index.php
  21. 21. Image Source: Derivatisation of Parthenolide to Address Chemoresistant Chronic Lymphoctic Leukaemia, by Altmetric, https://www.altmetric.com/details/54622565 Detailed Altmetric Page
  22. 22.  Altmetric Bookmarklet (for individual works): shows Altmetric data for any published research output with a DOI. Altmetric: Free Tools Image source: Altmetric bookmarklet, https://www.altmetric.com/products/free-tools/bookmarklet/
  23. 23. Impactstory Impactstory by OurResearch.Org  Web: https://www.impactstory.com/  Subscription-based (free, create an account)  Author-level profile with data on their works  Data sources: • ORCID (author and their publication data) • Twitter Image Credit: Impactstory, https://www.impactstory.com
  24. 24. Image source: Impactstory (2020, June). Ethan White Impactstory profile [Web page]. https://profiles.impactstory.org/u/0000-0001-6728-7745
  25. 25. Altmetrics can also be gleaned through hand searching:  Journal pages (for where articles were published)  Institutional repositories: downloads, views  WorldCat: library holdings Other Altmetric Sources Image Credit: Pixabay.com. Permission by CC0.
  26. 26. Image Credit: Mounce, R. (2013). Open access and altmetrics: Distinct but complementary. asis&t: Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 39(4): 14-17. https://doi.org/10.1002/bult.2013.1720390406. From Wiley Online Library. Journal Article
  27. 27. Image sources: by CUNY AcademicWorks (2020), by bePress. https://academicworks.cuny.edu/ Institutional Repository
  28. 28. WorldCat Book RecordImage source: WorldCat (2020), by OCLC https://www.worldcat.org
  29. 29.  Search sites for counts or mentions: GoodReads, LibraryThing, Wikipedia, etc.  Google searching  Amazon.com Other Altmetric Sources Image Credit: Pixabay.com. Permission by CC0.
  30. 30. …the types of artifacts that you and your colleagues produce (data sets, journal articles, books, conference papers, etc.). …your discipline norms for evaluating productivity and impact or influence. Which altmetric is most useful? Some considerations… …the ways your scholarship, research, or creative works are typically communicated. …the type of information or figures that most meaningfully communicate your work and its impact. …the availability of altmetrics for your work. Image Credit: Pixabay.com. Permission by CC0.
  31. 31. More Information  Altmetrics LibGuide https://bit.ly/scs-altmetrics  Scholarly Communication Services Home https://bit.ly/scs-fau • Topics and information • Request SCS Services: consultations, presentations (class and groups) Image Credit: Pixabay.com. Permission by CC0.
  32. 32. Quiz and Feedback  Quiz: https://bit.ly/scs-quiz2  Give your feedback! https://bit.ly/scs-campus Image Credit: Pixabay.com. Permission by CC0.
  33. 33. Image Credit: by K. Padron, 2016.
  34. 34. Works Cited Altmetric (n.d.). The donut and Altmetric Attention Score [Web Page]. https://www.altmetric.com/about-our-data/the-donut-and-score Duberman, J.A., & Sieving, P.C. (2017). Information resources for the clinical researcher. In Gallin, J.I., Ogibene, F.P., & Johnson, L.L., Principles and practice of clinical research (4th Ed.). Academic Press. Priem, J., Taraborelli, D., Groth, P., & Neylon, C. (2010). Altmetrics: A manifesto [Web Page]. http://altmetrics.org/manifesto Tattersall, A. (2016). Altmetrics: A practical guide for librarians, researchers and academics. Facet.
  35. 35. Altmetrics: What They Are and How They Can Be Used Scholarly Communication Services (SCS) By Kristy Padron, MLIS SCS Coordinator and Associate University Librarian kpadron@fau.edu https://library.fau.edu/staff/kpadron July 2020

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