Mental DisordersMental Disorders
By Kyle KovacikBy Kyle Kovacik
Mood DisordersMood Disorders
 Mood Disorders areMood Disorders are
disorders that candisorders that can
affect the mood o...
Mood DisordersMood Disorders
 Physically – People are tiredPhysically – People are tired
and have less energy to doand ha...
Anxiety DisordersAnxiety Disorders
 Anxiety disorders areAnxiety disorders are
disorders that causedisorders that cause
o...
Anxiety DisordersAnxiety Disorders
 Physically – Anxiety stops aPhysically – Anxiety stops a
personal from doing somepers...
Eating DisordersEating Disorders
 Disorders that make aDisorders that make a
personal eatpersonal eat
differently that ca...
Eating DisordersEating Disorders
 Physically – DisordersPhysically – Disorders
can ruin eating patternscan ruin eating pa...
SchizophreniaSchizophrenia
 When a personWhen a person
experiencesexperiences
hallucinations orhallucinations or
delusion...
SchizophreniaSchizophrenia
 Physically – It is difficult toPhysically – It is difficult to
do athletic activities.do athl...
ADHDADHD
 A disorder moreA disorder more
common in childrencommon in children
that makes it difficultthat makes it diffic...
ADHDADHD
 Physically – A person canPhysically – A person can
have difficult focusing onhave difficult focusing on
sports ...
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Mental disorders

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Mental disorders

  1. 1. Mental DisordersMental Disorders By Kyle KovacikBy Kyle Kovacik
  2. 2. Mood DisordersMood Disorders  Mood Disorders areMood Disorders are disorders that candisorders that can affect the mood oraffect the mood or emotions of a person.emotions of a person. Disorders causeDisorders cause changes in thesechanges in these emotions.emotions.  Examples:Examples:  DepressionDepression  Bipolar DisorderBipolar Disorder  Dsythymic DisorderDsythymic Disorder  Cyclothymic DisorderCyclothymic Disorder  Low self-esteemLow self-esteem  Fatigue or Low energyFatigue or Low energy  Poor appetitePoor appetite  Trouble sleepingTrouble sleeping
  3. 3. Mood DisordersMood Disorders  Physically – People are tiredPhysically – People are tired and have less energy to doand have less energy to do things such as exercisethings such as exercise  Mentally – People feel bad andMentally – People feel bad and depressed about themselvesdepressed about themselves and feel hopelessand feel hopeless  Socially – People may feel tooSocially – People may feel too bad about themselves thatbad about themselves that they avoid people and friendsthey avoid people and friends  Treatment:Treatment:  Seek a medicalSeek a medical professional who dealsprofessional who deals with mood disorderswith mood disorders  They can help fix thisThey can help fix this with a variety ofwith a variety of methodsmethods
  4. 4. Anxiety DisordersAnxiety Disorders  Anxiety disorders areAnxiety disorders are disorders that causedisorders that cause over-blown reactionsover-blown reactions to stress, but they canto stress, but they can be helpfulbe helpful  Examples:Examples:  Generalized AnxietyGeneralized Anxiety DisorderDisorder  Obsessive-CompulsiveObsessive-Compulsive DisorderDisorder  Panic DisorderPanic Disorder  SymptomsSymptoms  Excessive fearExcessive fear  Irrational DreadIrrational Dread  Lasts for six monthsLasts for six months
  5. 5. Anxiety DisordersAnxiety Disorders  Physically – Anxiety stops aPhysically – Anxiety stops a personal from doing somepersonal from doing some activitiesactivities  Mentally – People feel badMentally – People feel bad about themselvesabout themselves  Socially – People under thisSocially – People under this disorder avoid situations withdisorder avoid situations with peoplepeople  Treatment:Treatment:  Medication:Medication:  AntidepressantsAntidepressants  SSRIsSSRIs  TricyclicsTricyclics  MAOIsMAOIs  Anti-Anxiety DrugsAnti-Anxiety Drugs
  6. 6. Eating DisordersEating Disorders  Disorders that make aDisorders that make a personal eatpersonal eat differently that candifferently that can seriously affect theirseriously affect their healthhealth  Examples:Examples:  AnorexiaAnorexia  BulimiaBulimia  Binge-eatingBinge-eating  Symptoms:Symptoms:  Eating less or throwing upEating less or throwing up  Rapidly eating in a shortRapidly eating in a short timetime  Lasts up to about sixLasts up to about six monthsmonths
  7. 7. Eating DisordersEating Disorders  Physically – DisordersPhysically – Disorders can ruin eating patternscan ruin eating patterns and create malnutritionand create malnutrition  Mentally – A person feelsMentally – A person feels inadequate and eats lessinadequate and eats less to be betterto be better  Socially – A person feelSocially – A person feel bad about themselvesbad about themselves and avoid socialand avoid social interactionsinteractions  Treatment:Treatment:  PsychotherapyPsychotherapy  Nutrition EducationNutrition Education  Family CounselingFamily Counseling  MedicationsMedications  HospitalizationHospitalization
  8. 8. SchizophreniaSchizophrenia  When a personWhen a person experiencesexperiences hallucinations orhallucinations or delusions and hasdelusions and has severe changes insevere changes in moodmood  Examples:Examples:  Schizophrenia disorderSchizophrenia disorder  Symptoms:Symptoms:  DelusionsDelusions  HallucinationsHallucinations  Major depresses moodMajor depresses mood episodesepisodes  Paranoid thought ad ideasParanoid thought ad ideas
  9. 9. SchizophreniaSchizophrenia  Physically – It is difficult toPhysically – It is difficult to do athletic activities.do athletic activities.  Mentally – HallucinationsMentally – Hallucinations and mood episodes canand mood episodes can disrupt a person’s viewsdisrupt a person’s views and make them feel badand make them feel bad about themselves.about themselves.  Socially – Episodes andSocially – Episodes and paranoia will make it moreparanoia will make it more difficult for the victim to bedifficult for the victim to be socially accepted.socially accepted.  Treatment:Treatment:  PsychotherapyPsychotherapy  Medications:Medications:  AntipsychoticAntipsychotic  Mood-stabilizingMood-stabilizing medicationsmedications  AntidepressantsAntidepressants
  10. 10. ADHDADHD  A disorder moreA disorder more common in childrencommon in children that makes it difficultthat makes it difficult to stay focused andto stay focused and have controlledhave controlled behavior.behavior.  Types:Types:  Predominantly hyperactive-Predominantly hyperactive- impulsiveimpulsive  Predominantly inattentivePredominantly inattentive  Combined hyperactive-Combined hyperactive- impulse and inattentiveimpulse and inattentive  Symptoms:Symptoms:  Easily distractedEasily distracted  DaydreamDaydream  Difficult focusingDifficult focusing  Doesn’t seem to listenDoesn’t seem to listen
  11. 11. ADHDADHD  Physically – A person canPhysically – A person can have difficult focusing onhave difficult focusing on sports or other activitysports or other activity  Mentally – TroubleMentally – Trouble concentrating andconcentrating and learning thingslearning things  Socially – WithSocially – With hyperactivity and poorhyperactivity and poor listening some may belistening some may be drawn awaydrawn away  Treatment:Treatment:  Stimulant MedicationsStimulant Medications  PsychotherapyPsychotherapy  Parent AssistanceParent Assistance

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