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Cinema shots

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Cinematography ppt
Cinematography ppt
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Cinema shots

  1. 1. cinematography is poetry in motion.
  2. 2. Making your movie divides up into three main stages. • Pre-production is the planning stage, where you work out your movie in detail. What you’re going to film, how you’re going to film it, and what you’re going to need. Planning might seem boring if you just want to start shooting, but it’ll save time and make for a much better movie. There are several ways to plan a film. You can develop ideas using a mindmap, write a detailed script, then draw storyboards to plan your shots. • Production is where you shoot your movie and gather other stuff you might need (like sound, still images, archive material and so on.) This stage will be much easier if you’ve planned properly in advance. • Post-production is where you choose what you’re going to include in your movie, edit it, add sounds and effects, and get it ready to share. You need to be really organised about this process, which is usually different depending on the kind of movie you’re making. Don’t just import everything into your editing program and try to make sense of it: you should have a plan before you start editing.
  3. 3. The Types of Shots and What They Mean Cinematography Techniques: The Different Types of Shots in Film
  4. 4. The different types of camera shots think about how familiar your audience should feel to your subject. This is where shot size comes in.
  5. 5. • How you choose to frame your subject will have a specific impact. How close or far your subject is to your camera -- your shot size -- will underscore how the audience should feel about it (or them).
  6. 6. Your subject will appear smallest in a long shot (or wide shot). They will be larger in a medium shot and largest in a close-up shot.
  7. 7. It all starts with an establishing shot... • An establishing shot is a shot at the head of a scene that clearly shows us the location of the action. This shot often follows an aerial shot and is used to show where everything will happen
  8. 8. Extreme Long Shot (ELS) • An extreme long shot (or extreme wide shot) make your subject appear small against their location. • You can use an extreme long shot to make your subject feel distant or unfamiliar. It can also make your subject feel overwhelmed by its location. • Use extreme long shot when you need to emphasize the location. Stanley Kubrick’s The Shining https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=97&v=LjLip2FZLuA
  9. 9. Long Shot (LS) • The long shot is a bit closer. • If your subject is a person then his or her whole body will be in view -- but not filling the shot. https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=37&v=4Hf_XkgE1d0 Christopher Nolan Interstellar
  10. 10. Full Shot (FS) • your subject fill the frame • the camera is usually close enough to capture your subject’s basic appearance. https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=74&v=85cAFs65o1U Paul Thomas Anderson’s The Master.
  11. 11. Medium Long Shot (MLS) • A medium long shot frames your subject from roughly the knees up.
  12. 12. Medium Shot (MS) • The medium shot frames from roughly the waist up. • it emphasizes more of your subject and keeps their surroundings visible. https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=14&v=HQVEteeLC3c David Fincher Fight Club
  13. 13. Medium Close Up (MCU) • The medium close-up frames your subject from roughly the chest up. • it typically favors the face, but still keeps the subject somewhat distant. Joel Coen, Ethan Coen The Big Lebowski https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PztgWdMEJdg
  14. 14. Close Up (CU) • The close-up is where you fill your frame with a part of your subject. If your subject is a person, it is often their face. • You know it’s time for a close-up when you want to reveal a subject’s emotions and reactions. • Close-ups are great camera shots for capturing monologues https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=97&v=m8lrDiZQJQg Jonathan Glazer Birth
  15. 15. Extreme Close Up (ECU) • The extreme close-up shot is traditionally used in film to allow the viewer to enter the character’s intimate space • is used also to reveal very small details in the scene https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PO7RjJ538xk Sergio LeoneThe Good, the Bad and the Ugly
  16. 16. framing, focus and movement Single shot Two shot
  17. 17. Three shot Over-The-Shoulder (OTS) Shot
  18. 18. Point of View (POV) Shot A POV reveals to the audience exactly what that character sees and does. This transports the audience into that character https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=257&v=nnWw060yg G8 John Carpenter Halloween
  19. 19. Manipulating focus is another way of communicating with your camera shots
  20. 20. A deep focus shot shows most of the gang in 12 Angry Men
  21. 21. Low Angle Shot This shot frames your subject from a low camera height. These dramatic camera shots most often emphasize power dynamics between characters.
  22. 22. High Angle Shot In a high angle shot, your camera points down at your subject. Orson Welles Citizen Kane
  23. 23. Dutch Angle In the dutch (or “canted”) angle, the camera is slanted to one side. With the horizon lines tilted in this way, you can create a sense of disorientation. Danny Boyle Slumdog Millionaire
  24. 24. Knee Level Shot This is when your camera height is about as low as your subject’s knees. They can emphasize a character’s superiority if paired with a low angle.
  25. 25. Ground Level Shot This is when your camera’s height is on ground level with your subject. Needless to say, this shot captures what’s going on the ground your subject stands on
  26. 26. how movement can change the meaning of your camera shots https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=88&v=nR10sSdh8xU When there’s no movement (i.e. locked camera aim) it’s called a static shot. Adam McKay Step Brothers
  27. 27. Zoom Shot
  28. 28. Pan Pans move the camera side to side on a horizontal axis Tilt Tilting is when you move your camera up and down on a vertical axis. The Grand Budapest Hotel
  29. 29. Tracking A tracking shot moves with your subject. Sometimes it follows behind or beside them on a dolly or a Steadicam Martin Scorsese Goodfellas
  30. 30. Arc Shot These camera shots find the camera circling a subject to reveal it from different angles. https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=49&v=ltC68UY7UX0 Christopher Nolan The Dark Knight
  31. 31. Drone Shot These camera shots attach to a drone to fly over or alongside your subject. They're often used for aerial shots Sam Mendes Skyfall
  32. 32. Ppt based on http://learnaboutfilm.com/making-a-film/ https://www.studiobinder.com/blog/ultimate-guide-to-camera-shots/

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