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pãTm bàx , pãTm s„KYa
÷epÈr †eó»H arpãTm bàx , pãTm s„KYapãTm pãkaS W ŸPbã›yarI , 2007pãkaSk W ŸlKkm¸lIÃara pãkaiStsÚpadk W Vmra sba†pã¬Cd iSæpI...
muKbÉ…† pataFaek brabr "kát¯ta pãkaS ilKet bYbHar kra Hy|bla Zay…Fa† Ÿrwyaj ikÜa FäYaihSn|Vmaedr bysFaet Ÿrwyaj§elaek Vmra...
sUcIpºcli¬cºc‚rI      du† ûjuerr geÑa         ŸkOó»B B´acaàZY      7geÑa-seÑa      ˆ¹rN                     pãItm daS §Ð  ...
cli¬cºc‚rI                         du† ûjuerr geÑa                          ŸkOó»B B´acaàZY…Fa Aenk dUerr …kFa mHaedeSr gæ...
ikrkm?…† VeàjiÇ»na ŸTek ìr› ker Andes,Machu Picchuu ihi–eyŸBenjueyla,Ÿpr› iney mHaedeSr KainkFa|mereC!...ŸCakra bel ik? ik...
ikǼ ŸCakra ŸbaDHy mYaijk janeta|Kabar na Ÿpey ZKn bYajar mueK besVeC-…ek …ek w† Ÿrh †i¸yan "jaenayar§ela wr jnY Kabar …en...
gãanaeda …Kn ASIitpr-tbu …Knw VkaeSr idek takaenar bdeBYsFaCaRet paernin| Ÿs† VkaeS …kidn tar bÉ™ ˆeR igeyiCeln-Aenkmanuex...
geÑaseÑa                              ˆ¹rN                           pãItm daS§Ð(1) janalar ba†er sbuj tea garden §ela JeR...
"Ver dada Baela ÷pÈ ŸdKeln naik...... ? HaseCn ŸZ beRa ?muK tuel ŸdiK Vidl.... ŸHaeFl ŸTek Ÿbirey VseC........... inejrQYa...
ÎÎ"ta Ÿta inëc†.........…† ŸZ …k sÐaeHr jnY jayga ideyeCn …† bakm ik ? Vim† Ÿta buik„ Fuik„ na ker …es Jaemlay ŸPllam,..Am...
"Vim Vj ibSãam Ÿneba kal ŸTek Zaºa ìr› inejek men men belidlam....tarpr …kFu øan Ÿser sFan ibCanay|tÆÅa mt …es egiCela| dr...
kaÊa.... …Kn ŸZ Ÿlaek Ÿkn gla ŸCeR nak idey gan gawya ìr› kereC Ÿkjaen|ikCu GFna.........smy ......manux Ÿk …mn Baeb naRa ...
ÎÎ" Vmaedr pãeyajn §ela Vmra kaek janab ŸsFa buJet buJet†Ÿs§ela jlzakar jel ŸBes Zay|Vim Ÿnaran Ÿk bllamÎÎÎ" Ÿtamra Vsel s...
Vmar ŸDap-duró» PçYaF.... Vmar Jaƒ-ckcek AiPs.... Vr VmarûjugFaek Vdr krar mt enough Faka..........…§ela CaRa Vim Vr ikjai...
sound system ŸTek ŸBes Vsa matal kra John Denver …...........ŸkaTaw......ŸkaTaw…t Vram Ÿn† |Vsel w§elaet …tFa VÇ»irkta Ÿn†...
" ikǼ sairyar bYaparFa ik ? Ÿtamar baba Ÿtamaek Kƒuej ŸbRae¬Cn Ÿkn ?tuim† ba tar kaeC iPer ŸZet ca†C Ÿkn ? ....…Kaen tuim...
Vmar ŸBterr VimFa Aenk idn baed naRa ŸKeyeC | Aenk bCr prVmar menr Aió»tÔFa ŸFr ŸpeyiC ....... sairya tar ÷epÈr kTa bel Vm...
…Fa ik Balbasa iCl ?                           AiBexk dasŸs idn Kub bâiñ HeyiCl|klkatar pTGaF jel oT-oT|ŸCelFa bãIejr ˆpr ...
pãeyajn pReb w jaen| ganFa ŸmaFamuiF ga†et paer| Kub popular ŸCelkelejr|1st to final year …k naem Ÿcen sba†| Ÿmeyedr saeT ...
Ain Babl......prI taek "Balbaes|ÙaiÇ» ŸkeF Ÿgl| pàdaFa Vr iCl na ŸcaeKr samen| Ain raó»ar Dustbin …VCeR …es pRela|biàjt Åe...
Ainr ma Ainek pãTm blt ........"ŸøH Ait ibxm bó¼| sitY|Ain tarjIbenr kaeC bueJeC|prI Bal Tak ,sueK Tak …Fa† Ÿs ŸceyiCl| Ÿs...
ŸlKapRa                  Riemannian Geometry & Relativity                    The Geometrical Interpretation of            ...
RIEMANN, a student of GAUSS extended this idea to any number ofdimensions in his celebrated paper “On the hypothesis which...
is not valid when applied globally (to the whole surface) to a curvedspace. In case of REIMANNIAN geometry, the distance b...
concept and thus be visualized. But the amazing thing is that with theinteraction of this concept the law of physics becom...
Computer Ethics and Security                           Pramit RoyEthics is more than just the Golden Rule. It is a princip...
So what do you think? Is it right to peer into someone else’s electronicproperty? We do something like that in many of the...
Well these activities are ignored to certain limits and that limit dependson the ethical standardization of different coun...
From many decades, a silent war is ongoing between developers andcrackers. Developers, in order to protect their software ...
on the first file. Reading such disc at a low speed and using 1 to 1 CDCopying overcomes it.5. SecuROM - SecuROM was devel...
We now move onto another aspect of computer ethics, which is computersecurity.What do we mean by Computer Security?A compu...
Some of the techniques used for securing a computer system arediscussed below:   Automated Theorem Proving     Automated t...
Data contained in a computer system needs to protected from loss dueto an unplanned for event (contingencies) such as a sy...
Types of firewallsFirewalls are distinguished from one another on the basis of the followingcriteria:Scope of communicatio...
o Operating System firewalls        These are lower in the hierarchy as compared to application layerfirewalls and they on...
Antivirus software is a collection or set of computer programs that areused to detect and eliminate computer viruses and o...
This technique of virus detection is characterized by what are calledupdates. Updates are additions to the virus dictionar...
Methods to avoid phishingWhat is Phishing?Phishing is a type of criminal activity that makes use of socialengineering tech...
Link addresses and IPs    Such e-mails often contain links to websites where one needs to enterhis password in order to “v...
a continuous stream of plaintext, and produce an encrypted output streambased on an internal state which changes as the ci...
CÆd-CÊCaRa              A-kibta              ŸsOmY ma†itkibta ilKiC ...ŸsFa AbSY kaejr kTa ny,karNkibta Vjkal sba† ŸleK¯an...
Ÿrajnamca                   SãIjata §Ð(1)†ejel Fa–alam VkaS kYanBascarekal Faenr VbCa paHaRKatar Bƒaej r–In kagej§iCey rai...
pâiTbIr ŸKƒaej                 AiBexk daspâiTbIr ŸKaƒej Ÿs …kidn pT clet ìr› keriCl(Kail paey)Haet tar ÷pÈ iCl ....bYaeg G...
"AmlkaiÇ»... bÉ™ iCl Baela^   pãItm daS §Ð/ŸsOmY ma†itŸtamar ŸcaeK Vmar VkaS kaƒed, ŸfaƒeFr nIec sutIbã …k maya....      k...
ibidSaek         ibº¡mij‡ cYaFaàjI       Haèa Hawyar nrm Ÿraed,          kIesr ŸZn gÉ ŸBes Ves, Ÿkmn ŸZn Hairey Za†, Ÿkmn ...
peR pawya kibta            s²Ib iSkdarceliClam…kakI …kaiketÔr saeT|k™iRey Ÿplam …kFukera kagj...…kFa kibta|P™ireyiCl pãeya...
pâiTbIr meta              AiBexk das…kFa pâiTbIr mt BalbasaotrI krel Ÿkmn Hy?Aenk§ela gãeHr mt Vrw …kFa gãHŸs† gãeHr r„ Ÿk...
V§n          AiniÆdta cYaFaiàjV§n ca†..V§n..menr meDY ŸZ V§nŸkn iniBey id† taek...Ÿkbl† Vepaexr iCeF idey ?raó»ar Daerr ng...
ŸpãemRay        ŸkOó»B B´acaàZY"car› Vim "Aml Heba-hakeba- "ebOfan...Gerr maiF niRey Ÿdeba-ga†eba JeRr gan^ikÜa Dera "Apu†...
Ba–enr smy            pãItm daS §Ð            …Fa Ba–enr smy,   …Kn "w Kub inàdy,inàmm Hey Zay..... itl-itl ker geR Ÿtala ...
Cƒakin            AiBexk das       VkaeSr kamna-Ÿbdna Cƒakin idey ŸCƒek,       jIbnek jIibt krar pãecña...       maiJ puk™...
Ÿtar jnY              ibº¡mij‡ cYaFaàjIŸtar jnY ‰Sÿr Het pair,ilKet pair Hajar gan|pãit sUeàZYr ŸgaDuil ....Vr pãit sÉYar ...
SYawlaViBexk dasVmar SYawla Draicelekafar Ÿdwyaelr mDYib¹ta ...Vmar Q™Å cawya pawya ..Vmar ˆeÀSYHIn jIbn Zapenr raetr Ÿkan...
w† duiF ŸcaeKs²Ib iSkdarSaÇ» dIiGr jel-ŸgaDUil bataes imeliJikimik Vela-tara...luekacuir ŸKla cel|cupcap Ÿkan kTaHebna tbu...
iPer …esaŸsOmY ma†itŸgaDulIr mra Velagaey ŸmeKpåIj iPer …esa|iPer …sŸs† Ÿcna Ÿgalap gaCFar kaeC...Ÿs† Ÿcna P™l§ela VjVr Ÿn...
†tó»t jIbnpãItm daS §Ð skal §ela ik rkm SItl óùibr Hey ŸgeC| Gum Ba–a Als ŸcaeK AkarN sUàZYFa- Vleta Vduer........ ŸradFaw...
pâiTbI Ÿtar SaiÇ»kamnay               AiBexk daspâiTbI Ÿtar SaiÇ»kamnay Vim Hairey ŸPeliC inejek...pâiTbI Vim Vmar DÕ„só»U...
ˆƒik   s²Ib iSkdardYaeKa Ÿkmn mareC ˆƒikHat lagael† jirbuiFsuÆdrek raKeb zaikbuiJ Ÿtar sb calaik^ŸcaK ca†eb mn ny-"br ca†e...
÷epÈr ŸPirŸkOó»B B´acaàZY"you may say that I am a dreamer,but I am not the only one.And one day you will join us-And the w...
dupatay duinyalanguage.......oooooohhh!!!!!!!!!The first ten days in Finland was more like staying among mylong-known frie...
As I landed at the Barcelona airport, I could sense a cloud of"being-a-foreigner" and being-an-alien" gradually forming ar...
enquiry about my destination. So I happily showed him thewritten document of my "fate" i.e. the address where I wassuppose...
I really cannot end this without mentioning about the realizationthat has dawned upon me………..I work in the forests in anda...
iHijibij        narIcirtbàNn      AiBexk rœÅpalpãZui¹¡gt ikCu AsuibDar kareN…† ŸlKaiF bàtmaen Capa Ÿglna| Vlada Baeb ŸlKai...
galgæp                        ŸkOó»B B´acaàZY (1)(…† gæpFar Babna Vr icÇ»a ŸkaenaFa† kipra†F Ÿnwya ny-"VnÆdbajarpiºkar mHa...
Swopner istehar 1st edition
Swopner istehar 1st edition
Swopner istehar 1st edition
Swopner istehar 1st edition
Swopner istehar 1st edition
Swopner istehar 1st edition
Swopner istehar 1st edition
Swopner istehar 1st edition
Swopner istehar 1st edition
Swopner istehar 1st edition
Swopner istehar 1st edition
Swopner istehar 1st edition
Swopner istehar 1st edition
Swopner istehar 1st edition
Swopner istehar 1st edition
Swopner istehar 1st edition
Swopner istehar 1st edition
Swopner istehar 1st edition
Swopner istehar 1st edition
Swopner istehar 1st edition
Swopner istehar 1st edition
Swopner istehar 1st edition
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Swopner istehar 1st edition

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Swapner Istehar - 1st Edition ( Published in 2007)

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Swopner istehar 1st edition

  1. 1. pãTm bàx , pãTm s„KYa
  2. 2. ÷epÈr †eó»H arpãTm bàx , pãTm s„KYapãTm pãkaS W ŸPbã›yarI , 2007pãkaSk W ŸlKkm¸lIÃara pãkaiStsÚpadk W Vmra sba†pã¬Cd iSæpIW tpn B´acaàZmuÅk W ma suelKa ipãÆFaàs,fak™rpuk™r †-Ÿml W amadermgazine@gmail.comweybsa†F W www.swopneristehar.tk
  3. 3. muKbÉ…† pataFaek brabr "kát¯ta pãkaS ilKet bYbHar kra Hy|bla Zay…Fa† Ÿrwyaj ikÜa FäYaihSn|Vmaedr bysFaet Ÿrwyaj§elaek Vmrabrabr† …kFu seÆdeHr ŸcaeK ŸdeK …esiC-teb ikCu Ÿrwyaj eta ŸTekZay ŸZ§ela pUàbsUirra ŸCeR Zan BabIkaelr jnY-Za ŸTek otrI Hy…kFa ŸgaFa prÚpra-Ÿs§elaek AgãaHY ker Ÿs† saDY kar?…†ŸrwyajFaw Ÿsrkm-Ÿs† manux§elar pircy samen tuel Vnar Zarapàdar VRal ŸTek …mn ikCu klkaif ŸneR Zay,ŸZ§ela CaRa smó»pãecñaFar† AkalmâtuY Ht-widek la†mla†eFr tlar klak™SlIra ZidŸmOiKk DnYbad janay,ŸsFa tara ŸHes† ˆiRey Ÿdy-"Vim Vr …mn ikkrlam? bel|ta† Ÿkbl Ÿrwyaejr beS ny-…† kát¯ta§elaekpãkaS na kra ŸPOjdarI ApraD Ht| Aenk bYbHaer i£eS Hey Zawya DnYbadFa ta† nIecr sbÕa†ek-1>ŸsOir,AnnYa,tuil,÷àNalI,AàNb,tnuSãI,Ÿdbrœpa,Ÿdba²n(das),Ÿdba²n(srkar),b Õúda,sum˜l …b„ Vera Aenkek wedr Aenk AnuepãrNa …b„ViàTk,manisk Vr SarIirk sHeZaigtar jnY2>Vmaedr baiRr smó» Ÿlakjnek - iniàÃDay Ak™Ë ÷aDInta ŸdwyarjnY3>bornosoft …b„ macromedia kàtâpQek bornosoft Vrfreehand -r meta AsaDarN dueFa software- …r jnY4>Vr sbeSex Google kàtâpQek orkut Vr gmail -…r jnY ....…dueFa sa†Fú na Takel …mn Aenek imel mYagaijnFa Ÿbr kra†Hetana-Zara sba† sba†ek ŸcaeK† ŸdeKin…Fa Vmaedr pãTm pãyas| Hyeta …kFa clar ìr›-Hyeta samanY …kFapdeQp|teb samen …kFa pT ŸdKa Zae¬C beF|ŸdKa† Zakúna-pƒacalIFaŸkaTay gRay?Vmaedr …† samanY pdeQpFuk™ Zid Vpnaedr samanY-w Bal laeg taHel Vmaedr pãecña saàTk men krb| VpnaedrmUlYban mtametr pãtYaSay r†lam ...amadermgazine@gmail.com |
  4. 4. sUcIpºcli¬cºc‚rI du† ûjuerr geÑa ŸkOó»B B´acaàZY 7geÑa-seÑa ˆ¹rN pãItm daS §Ð 11 …Fa ik Balbasa iCl? AiBexkdas 23ŸlKa-pRa The geometrical interpretation ìBij‡ bYanaàjI 27 of General relativity Computer Ethics and Security pãimt ray 31CÆd - CÊCaRa …k§¬C kibta 46du-patay duinya Language oooh.. SãIjata §Ð 66iHijibij narIcirtbàNn AiBexk r›Åpal 70 galgeÑa ŸkOó»B B´acaàZY 74geÑa-seÑa 2 pirbàtn ABIk d¹ 80 paiR ibº¡mij‡ cYaFaàjI 81 AmretÔr pãtYaSa iney ŸsOmY ma†it 85stYm-Aipãym laeg raeHa gaÉIigir ŸkOó»B B´acaàZY 93 Acl ba„la Baxa ABIk d¹ 96
  5. 5. cli¬cºc‚rI du† ûjuerr geÑa ŸkOó»B B´acaàZY…Fa Aenk dUerr …kFa mHaedeSr gæp-Gnadar Baxay ŸZFa "sUàZ kƒadelŸsanar ŸdS| ûya†nakapak,Vtaûyalpa-Ÿdr Ÿs† ga CmCemadventure-r ŸdS|teb Gnadar Ajana tarperr †itHasFa tetaFawsuKpafY ny| Ÿs† †itHasFa icracirt sada camRar dominance-r,BUimpuºedr paëcatY †itHasibedr ŸlKay icracirt bàbrayeNr,ŸgaFa†«a sBYtar epr›, ŸBenjueyla, ikˆba,VeàjiÇ»na naemr ikCu ibi¬CÊ ÃIeppirNt Hwyar|…Fa Ÿs† tTakiTt ŸHera mHaedSFar† gæp ...pâiTbIrmaniceº Zar nam ŸlKa Hy - latin america|…ik saeT …kFa isenmar w gæp,-…kFa isenmar, ŸZFa Aenkidenrpurena …kFa geæpr sada iõn rœpaÇ»r GFay,srkarI byaen blel-"stYGFna AblÜen|ýHan,kal,paº order-Fa manel blet Hy-gæpFar ìr›VeàjiÇ»nay,smyFa ..gt Sta×Ir maJpeTr,Vr muKY paºra dueFa manux -Zara Ÿs†smeyr bys Drel tKn ŸnHa‡ † ŸCelmanux...ikÜa bla Zay ŸCelŸTek manux Hbar raó»ay|Diarios de motocicleta (THE MOTORCYLE DIARIES)(2005)pircalnaW Walter SallespãeZajna W Robert RedfordAiBney W Gael García Bernal, Rodrigo de laSerna,Mía Maestro, Gustavo Bueno, Jorge ChiarellaVeàneó»a tKn "specialist in leprosy degree Ÿt graduate HwyarpeT| …idek Vlbaeàtaw tKn inejek scientist-tientist ŸgaeCr …kjnŸkˆekFa Babet ìr› kereC| kelj ŸCeR Zawyar smyw paey paey…igey VseC| "kelejr ŸSx bCrFaek …kFu specially celebrate krelŸkmn Hy ?- Veàneó»ar maTay …kidn BUt capela| ikǼ celebration-…rraó»aFa ik?Ÿkn- Vlbaeàtar "Norton 500 ŸmaFrba†kFa Ÿta reyeC-wFainey …kFu kaeC ipef Guer …el† Hy| ta ŸbS-ikǼ kaeC ipefFa
  6. 6. ikrkm?…† VeàjiÇ»na ŸTek ìr› ker Andes,Machu Picchuu ihi–eyŸBenjueyla,Ÿpr› iney mHaedeSr KainkFa|mereC!...ŸCakra bel ik? ikǼ bCr 23 Ÿta Vr bap-maeyr baDY Hwyarbys ny-taHel pâiTbIr Aenk§ela gæp ŸlKa† Hetana| ta† ˆfl ba†Ÿta calaw ba†k-cll dujen...^ikǼ peT baDa-ibpi¹ Vr ŸCeR kTa beleC keb? Vr ba†kFa calaenarbYapaer dujen† ma gªga (ma Vmajnw bla Zay)-Plýbrœp-…beRa-ŸKbeRa raó»a§elaet kKena smebttata oTET,kKena HaRjÔalaena ba†k Ÿfla! …†Baeb Aenk paHaR pàbtihi–ey du† mUiàtman ŸpOƒCela Peru|…kFa Ÿlaekr saeT Vlap HelaŸsKaen-Hugo Pesce (…Far Vr ba–la kraFa Vr ibedYy k™elalna)-ŸbS jƒaderl Ÿlak-Ÿpr›r laper treatment program-r AiDkàtaŸgaeCr-kàtar †e¬Cy kàm-ŸlakFa ŸbS bRdasulB attitude iney dujnekfƒa† ideln| BÅelaekr ha¹¡air CaRaw ŸbS keykFa VkàxNIy bdeBYsiCela-tar meDY …kFa Pƒaktael ˆpnYas ŸlKa (ŸZFa ŸbS GYam iney ˆinVeàneó»aek pRet ideln),Vr …kFa bd ABYas smy smy maà¤-…e²elrpata wæFaena| Vr Vlbaeàta …kFu b†p¹r ŸTek dUer smy kaFaetBalbaselw,Veàneó»aFa brabir b†epaka|jem Ÿgela dujen|Hfa‡ …kidnBÅelaekr maTay …ela ŸCeldueFaek …kFu sitYkaerr laitn VemirkaFaŸcnaet parel mÆd Hyna-san pabelar laper colony-Ÿt ideln dueFaekpaifey|braberr ŸfƒaFkaFa Veàneó»aFa Zabar smy bel Ÿgela-"Vpnar ŸlKaFaBaela ker pRa Hey ˆfelana mSay-Haetr ŸlKaFa kHtbY ny,ŸkaTawŸkaTaw …ekbaer† ApafY| ŸlakFa …kFuw ragelana ikǼ-ˆleF ipfcapeR idela-taek sitY kTaFa blar meta saHs ŸdeK|"ikǼ … ekaTay …lam Ÿr baba-… eZ Zemr diQN dueyaerrw ADm|jaHajŸta ny ŸZena ŸjlKana|Veàneó»ar Ÿs† bCr caerk beys ŸTek† HƒapainrsaeT Ÿdaió»-ta Ÿs† Hƒapainrw …† sueZaeg pueraena Ÿpãm ˆTel ˆfela|tebVlbaeàtar sPrFa Aeta nIrs kaeFin-jueyar Faka Vr Ÿs Fakay …kFuPiñniñr saiÊeDY|…Fa manuxedr laper colony!na AnY ikCUr?…edr jnY Ae¹a lQ lQFaka kYaÚp-FYaÚp HYana-tYanay Krc?…idek …edr Ÿta ŸdKa Zae¬CŸCƒayaw naik pap?-pãBu iZì naik taet º¡™Á Hn!tƒar Ÿclacamu¸ara ta†Ÿlak §elaek …kFa ÃIep fues ŸbS SaiÇ»et puNYatMa HeyeCn|…barVeàneó»ar grm r¹¡ sitY Fgbgain ìr› krl-Veàneó»a sFan igey …kjnbyô r›gIr saeT Hat imiley bll-"hello sir,Vim Veàneó»a|bYas dupuerrKabar pawyar VSa Buel Zaw-…r ˆper …kFa magIr Ger zuek tar kaenVbar ik P™s mÇ»r ideyeC-Ÿs …etaidn Ÿkiley peR Takar pr Vbarntun ker bƒacet ca†eC?"SalI mrl-ik bƒacela taet Ÿtar ik Ÿr ?...…ekj„lI Ÿrh †i¸yan-tay w† k™ò ŸragI-mYa Ÿga| …† ADaiàmk§elaek Ÿknpafaw|
  7. 7. ikǼ ŸCakra ŸbaDHy mYaijk janeta|Kabar na Ÿpey ZKn bYajar mueK besVeC-…ek …ek w† Ÿrh †i¸yan "jaenayar§ela wr jnY Kabar …enjeRa krl-Ÿkˆ cuir ker-Ÿkˆ inejr ŸTek sirey|ik bYapar ŸCakratuktak jaen naik??...jaen ŸbaDHy,na Hel Zemr Ar›ic jaygaFa pãaN iPer Ÿpela ik ker?sbŸCeR ŸragI§ela P™Fbl ŸKlet VrÝ krl-Veàneó»a Vr VlbaeàtawŸkamr ŸbƒeD Ÿnem pRl wedr saeT| pãBU iZìr kápaDnYedr ŸgamRa mueKwkeyk iclet Haisr iJilk ŸdKa Ÿgela ŸZn !†itmeDY Veàneó»aedr GrCaRar …k bCr ŸkeFeC|Veàneó»ar cibÕS bCerr jnMidenr paiàF Hela…Kaen†|Veàneó»a paiàFet bll taedr du† bÉ™r ŸCelmanuix baiR ŸTekŸBeg pRar gæp| … kmaes wra laitn Vemirkaek iceneC Aenk kaCŸTek...ŸdeKeC sitYkaerr laitn BUimpuºedr idn §jran,..b†eyr pataŸTek Ÿbirey "sàbHaraedr …kka´a Hey Ÿbƒec Taka..wr † kTay"Wandering around our America has changed me more than Ithought. I am not me anymore."ŸCakraFa sitY bel Baela-sbar glaFay ŸZn …kFa Ÿzƒak …esVFekeC,ŸcaKFaw kFúkFú kreC …kFU-Za ta bYapar|paiàF ŸBe– ŸZet ndIrpaeR …es dƒaiReyeC du† bÉ™-Hfa‡ Veàneó»a bll-"Vim wpaer cllam|maen?..."Vim w† ÃIepw …kFa paiàF kret Zai¬C ŸragIedr saeT|†yaiàknaik?..…eta raet,Vr ŸnOekaFaw Ÿta Ÿn†|..."taet ik?sƒater Zaeba-bYas Jƒapaela ndIet|kaerÆF Fpek,Hƒapaet Hƒapaet cll sƒater|…r meDY dupaeR iBR jmeC|…paR ŸTek Veàneó»ar jnY ŸBes VseCVtiªkt sabDanbaNI|Vr wpaR ic‡kar ker Ÿhek celeC-celVsuk,Veàneó»a cel Vsuk wedr kaeC-wedr bÉ™-wr meta ker VegŸta Vr Ÿkˆ Vesin!na men He¬C Hey Zaeb-Vr …kFu,Vr …kFu| ŸSexHƒaipey ˆfeC ZKn Veàneó»a..wpaR jiRey ineyeC wek...…paR tKnlaPae¬C...ŸZena ndIFa wraw sƒatraela-Vlbaeàta ìDu ibRibeRae¬C-"Vimjantam,Vim jantam|ikǼ ŸZet Ÿta Hy-karN …kbar Ÿgel teb Ÿta iPer Vsa Zay|tbu buekrmeDYkaerr Ÿs† icrkaelr AedKa mnFa ibeÅaH ker|ŸCel dUeFar jnYdupaR iBR kereC-…ksaeT Hat naReC-Vbar …esa bÉ™-Vmaedr kaeC-Vmaedr meDY-Veó» Veó» wraw Hat naRet naRet imiley Ÿgela,ndIrbuek Ÿsidn Aenk k™yaSa jma HeyiCela|July 26,1952,Caracas,Venezuela-…† geæpr du† ûjur,du† bÉ™rVlada Hwyar idn-Veàneó»aek …kFu Veg ŸZet Heb| Ÿpån Dret …igeyZai¬Cl Veàneó»a-Vlbaeàta hakela-"Ÿc|Veàneó»a "Ÿc §eyBara iPer takaeln|Vlbaeàta gãanaeda mueK ikCubelnin-jiRey DeriCeln ìDu| Ÿc Ÿpåen ˆef Ÿgeln-ŸSx mUûàt pàZYÇ»taikey iCeln bÉ™r idek|…k smy Ÿpån ˆeR Ÿgela VkaeS| gãanaedatKnw Ÿcey iCeln VkaeSr idek|
  8. 8. gãanaeda …Kn ASIitpr-tbu …Knw VkaeSr idek takaenar bdeBYsFaCaRet paernin| Ÿs† VkaeS …kidn tar bÉ™ ˆeR igeyiCeln-Aenkmanuexr bÉ ™ Het|taedr duWK-sueKr Ÿrajnamcay imeS ŸZet|tarpr…kidn VkaeSr ˆ¬ctay ˆef igey …kidn VkaeS† imeS ŸgeCn-reyŸgeCn ìDu Aenk manUexr men-bÉ™ Hey- "Hal ŸCeRana bÉ™-br„,kË CaeRa Ÿjaer, ŸdKa Heb Ÿtamay Vmay AnY gaenr ŸBaer"Ÿc S×Far ViBDaink Anubad "bÉ™-menr AnubadFa tar ŸTek KubVlada ik?...
  9. 9. geÑaseÑa ˆ¹rN pãItm daS§Ð(1) janalar ba†er sbuj tea garden §ela JeRr meta ŸbireyZae¬C.......iJriJer bâiñFaek janalar kƒac idey VFkaenar Ÿkan †e¬CŸn†| …† jelr ŸCƒaya Fa ŸbS laeg....Ÿkmn nrm.........Ÿkmn iSriSer|ba†err sbuj Faek ŸpCen ŸPel Vmra inˆ-jlpa†§iRr idek| jlzaka…Kn ......AdâSY| Vmra maen.... Vim Vr Vidl........Vmar häa†Barkam ga†h|w ŸbaDHy …kFu §m Ÿmer ŸgeC| bR …kFa iFäp ....bR …kFa †nkaemrchance Fa Vim maiF ker idlam| iminmam idn penrr …kFa iFäp itniden ŸSx| ibÆduek ibday jainey....Vmar Kƒacay ŸPrar pala|…bar bâiñFa …kFu Ÿjaer pret VrÝ kereC....se˜ HawyaFaw VmarwBarekaF Vr iF-SaàF …r dUàgFa ŸBd ker HaeRr drjay kRa naRaet ìr›kereC|ÎÎ"Du‡ baDY Hey janalar kƒacFa tuel ŸPllam ....Vr keyk mUûeàtr meDY ŸCa´ŸCa´ bâiñr kNa §ela Vmar AsaDarN iBˆFaek Ÿgagãaes igel ŸPlela| …KnVidl Vr wr sers ŸgƒaPFa CaRa dàSnIy ik¬Cu Ÿn†| gaiRFar Abóùaw Ÿtmn| dash board Fa pãay Pƒaka.... ìDu …kFa Ÿrihw VeC| pãTm idn …†gaiRFaŸt ˆef......... ik Baeb …tFa paHaiR raó»aFa ŸpiRey inˆ-jlpa†§iR ŸTek ibÆdu ŸpOCaeba.... ŸsFa ŸBeb Vmar maTa Karap HeyŸgiCela| ikǼ Vidl brilliant... dar›N Baeb ŸpOeC ideyiCela.... Ÿkaenapãbelm CaRa† ^(2)inˆ-jlpa†§iR ŸöSn ŸTek ibÆdu Vsar smy sa†h isn Fa …ekbaer imskeriClam| ŸFäenr ŸdalnaFar effect Fa Ÿkn jaena ŸFäen ˆpliÁ kirin....suemaFaŸt capet na capet† Zt raejYr Gum ŸcaeK BIR ker …esiCl| ZKnŸcaK Kullam tKn jlzakar Ÿkaelr ˆpr bes,maen "iSbaij Fuirsm †n …rgãYa¸ iBˆ Fa inet inet gaiR ŸTek Ÿnem ibSÿas Hi¬Cl na ŸZ jaygaFa ŸtVim dƒaiRey........ keyk GÆFa Vegw klkatar Duela Kai¬Clam.... baesrmeDY neBÜr …r ŸSxFaŸt w ŸGem Ÿney …kakar| Vr tar pr ibÆdu.........maeJ maeJ …†rkm scenic relief pawyar jnY inejr ûjugFa Ÿk Kub cumuŸKet †e¬C ker| Ÿlaek Haseb .......…kFa pãay nam na jana jaygay Hfa‡pailey …lam.... ìDu maº "ŸnF … pƒac la†n ibbrN Ÿpey .........Vim"…ekbaer Za-ta|
  10. 10. "Ver dada Baela ÷pÈ ŸdKeln naik...... ? HaseCn ŸZ beRa ?muK tuel ŸdiK Vidl.... ŸHaeFl ŸTek Ÿbirey VseC........... inejrQYapaimr wpr inejr menr HaisFa ŸZ kKn …eqbaer mueK Ÿbirey …eseCbuJet† pairin|ÎÎ-"na na …min....bl sb bYbóùa Hl ?HƒYa sar....Ÿkan pãbelm Heb na .... …k sÐaH mt …Kaen† ŸTek Zan| …rŸTek ŸbiS idenr jnY Gr pawya Ÿgl na.... buik„ VeC| Vpin Zid …kFuVeg Kbr idey Vsetn !ÎÎ-"Vim ik Vr inej† jantam Vsb ? prì skael ifkkrlam....tarpr irin Ÿk ŸPan krlam.........BaigYs w Ÿtamaek ŸpeyŸgl,naHel ŸöSn ŸTek Vim …Kaen …es raó»aet† ŸTekŸZtam........AbSY mÆd Ht na..... ik bela ?Vidl wr gal ibó»ât ŸgƒaePr Pƒak idey dƒatFa ŸdiKey idela|ŸbS Bal ŸCelFa|irin ........Vmar mastueta Ÿban........ wek ŸjagaR kereC| iSil§iRetTaek ga†ehr kaj ker........Ÿsek¸ HYa¸ gaiRFa Vegr bCrikeneC....…Kn sÚpUàn FuYr mYaenjar| w iCl bel† Vim …k sÐaeHr jaygaŸpey Ÿglam.... mYaenjar BÅelakw ba˜ail ta† …kFu ŸbiS Kaitr Vrik!! Vmaek Vidl ŸöSen† beliCl|ÎÎÎ"Ÿkan pãbelm Heb na ....ikCu …kFa jayga ker† Ÿdeba|Vim VRemaRa Ba˜et Ba˜et .........Vmar ŸCa´ dueFa bYag kaƒeD kerŸHaeFlFaet zuklam| Zawyar smy† AmelS babur saeT Vmar pãTm ŸdKa.... ......ba˜ail......iSil§iRr baisÆda.........bCr saetk Veg …Kaen cel …eseCn.....…† ŸHaeFl Fa bainey| tKn ibÆdu sitY FuYirö mYap … "nam na janaÃIp…r mt iCl,…Kn Veó» Veó» offbeat FuYirö destination iHesebˆef …eseC| BUFan Vr Baretr sImaeÇ» …† ŸCa´ gãamFaŸt …kFa SaÇ»…kakItÔ VeC Za workoholic manux§elaek FaneC|jlzakar gaey caderr meta jiRey Taka paHaR .... Vr tar Ÿkael besTaka ŸCa´ ibÆdu .......Baretr sImaeÇ»r ŸSx gãam| ˆptYkaFar meDY ideycla jlzaka dueFa ŸdeSr meDY paƒicl tueleC.... ....dueFa maiFr Fukera.....dueFa srkar Vr Aenk §ela inyemr ŸbRajael ......…kFa† mn|ÎÎ"Vpin† Ainàban bsu ? klkata ŸTek ?...... …k gal ŸHes ijegYskreln AmelSbabu|ÎÎ"HYaƒ...... .... ifk† DereCn .... cel …lam Vpnaedr gãam ŸdKet|Î"ta ŸbS kereCn...........Vim bapu Vpnaek …k sÐaeHr ŸbiS fƒa† idetparlam na.........maen buJet† Ÿta pareCn buik„ VeC| Vpin Ÿkan icÇ»akrebn na....Vim† Vpnaek jayga ifk ker Ÿdeba.........ba˜ail belkTa....…Kaen ineàBjal Vµar chance Fa Ÿkn ŸKayaeba blun ?
  11. 11. ÎÎ"ta Ÿta inëc†.........…† ŸZ …k sÐaeHr jnY jayga ideyeCn …† bakm ik ? Vim† Ÿta buik„ Fuik„ na ker …es Jaemlay ŸPllam,..AmelS babu inejr Ÿrijöäar ŸTek muK tuel bleln......Î"na na Ÿkan bYapar ny Î"ta mSay …Kaen Ÿs AeàT ŸdKar meta ikCu Ÿn†....... manux …Kaen Ves....…kFu mui¹¡r jnY .....Vr …† pãkáitFaek VtMóù kret.... .....…†inàmltaFaek buek ker Vbar jIbenr smueÅ Jaƒipey pRar rsd ŸjagaRkret |Vim bllam ....."baW VpinŸta ŸbS Bal kabY kern.........ŸleKn-ŸFeKnnaik ?Amin BÅelak kan …ƒeFa kra …kFa Hais idey bleln...... "Vr ŸkaTay HyŸlKa ....…kkael ilKtum........kelej Takar smy..........…Kn ìDuŸrijöäar Katay Ÿlaekr nam iliK ........... …† Kaen …kFa s† ker idnŸdiK.... Vr ŸdKun Vpnar ifkana-iFkana ifk ileKeC ikna Vidl ?"HYƒa .....ifk VeC...........ta CaReln Ÿkn ŸlKaFa ?.....caileyZan....inejr jnY† ilKun na|ÎÎ"bleCn ? ÎÎ"bliC b† ik |ÎÎ"ifk VeC Ÿcña krbKn....Vpin …idek Vsun ŸdiK.... GrFa …kbarŸdiKey Ÿd†|ÎÎ"Ainàban babu .... Vpin …k kaj kret paern .... Vpnar se˜ ŸtaVidl Vr wr gaiRFa VeC†....Todey Vr Paren Fa …kbar GuerVsebn.... nature Faek inejr purest form … ŸdeK Vr ikCu gãamYmanuexr saeT kTa blel Bal† lageb ŸdKebn| Aenek Zay ìin....jǼ ,jaenayar, paiKedr ŸTek Vmar manux ŸbiS Bal laeg.... Baelalaeg …†SaÇ» pirebSFa|"Vpnar icÇ»a kret Hebna....Vim Vidl Ÿk bel Ÿdeba ŸkaTay GurebnŸs† kTa....Vpin …Kn ibSãamkr›n....Vpnar ca-jl Kabar Vpnar Ger paifey idi¬C|…edr Gredar ŸbS ŸgaCaena | samenr janalaFa ŸTek suÆdr …kFa iBˆpawya Zae¬C|...…Kn pãay seÉ Hey …eseC, paHaeRr ŸpCn ŸTeksUàZYFa....jlzakar jel øan kret celeC....saraidn VkaeS ŸTek £aÇ»ŸbaDHy|
  12. 12. "Vim Vj ibSãam Ÿneba kal ŸTek Zaºa ìr› inejek men men belidlam....tarpr …kFu øan Ÿser sFan ibCanay|tÆÅa mt …es egiCela| drjay nk ìen ˆef pRlam|"ca VeC |BÅelaekr ŸKyal VeC blet Heb.... ŸkaTa ŸTek Vbar imiñ VineyeCn|Vmar kTay Kub †mepãsh HeyeCn ŸbaDHy| ibeSx ker purena ŸlKa caileyŸZet blar jnY|(3)perr idnFa …eqbaer CueF ŸbiReyiC | AmelS babu VidlŸk smó» FuYr påYanker ideyiCeln.... Vim ìDu wr saeT CueF ŸbiReyiC....|raó»aFa Kub …kFa Bal iCl na| …ek paHaiR raó»a .......tar pr sb jaygayVbar paka ny.... ibeSx ker interior Fa Ÿt|Vmar 1st destination iCl kaileJaRa | iSil§iR ŸTek 27/28 ma†lHeb , nYaSanal Ha†wey Der| .....itó»a Vr ri˜etr jl imeS gaeC…Kaen|.......dueFa s¹a .......dueFa pãbaeHr imln.... ......…katMIkrN|......Vmra Ÿkn ndIr meta H† na ?Ÿkn ....imeS Za†na barbar ,clar peT?.......Vlada pT §ela ekn barbar Vrw Vlada Hey Zay............jainna|…rpr cel …lam Ÿkalb„ Baya ibjnbaiR.......capRamaiR WildlifeSanctuary Guer|kt paiK.... kt gaC| kaileJaRa Ÿt igey .......menr pueraena Qt§ela..............ŸZ §ela Vbar kbr KuƒeR Ÿbrbar Ÿcña kriCl taedr GumpaiRey idl capRamaiR|...Aidl Aenk §ela iFäp baàh wyacaredr saeTkereC.... inejw Aenk paiK Ÿcen| Vmaek raó»ay AÇ»t 30 rkemr paiKŸdiKeyeC|..............ik sb nam ŸZn.......... EurasianWryneck....Hodgsons Redstart....Little Forktail …† sb .... Vmar sbmenw Ÿn†|…kFa Kub jr›rI kaj Hey Ÿgl| kaeC† Karmi Farm- … Takar …kFabYbóùa Hey Ÿgl.... perr sÐaeHr jnY|raet ZKn ŸHaeFel iPrlam tKn Vr takabar ŸjaR iCl na ŸcaK dueFa Ÿt|ŸKey …esiClam ba†er ŸTek† ta† Vr Ÿjeg Takar Ÿkan drkar iCl na|…eqbaer ibCanayÎ"ppat c Vr Guemr raejY "mmat c|(4)suemaFa …Kn iSil§iR Ÿt zuek pereC |sMâitr ŸlnFaŸt HƒaFet HƒaFet....ibÆduet ŸPel Vsa dueFa idn iPerŸgiClam..........ikǼ baD saDl Videlr Ÿrihw .... Vr Ÿrihw r naik suer
  13. 13. kaÊa.... …Kn ŸZ Ÿlaek Ÿkn gla ŸCeR nak idey gan gawya ìr› kereC Ÿkjaen|ikCu GFna.........smy ......manux Ÿk …mn Baeb naRa idet paer janaiClna.... ibeSx ker Vmar mt manux Ÿk .... Zar …mn Ÿkan †emaSn Ÿn†bel Ÿlaek dabI ker........ik jain saitY† Hyt Ÿn†........kKnŸkanidn........Ÿkan daireÅr iden Ÿbec ideyiC taek.... ba Hyt …kidnmatal Hey gla iFep Ÿmer ŸPeliC ......inejr Haet† jainna....saitY†jainna| ikǼ Ÿkaena ikCu …Kena Ÿs† inàjIbtaekw naRa Ÿdy ŸdeK Ballagl|Vidl Ÿk idey Veg† iFikFFa kaiFey ŸreKiClam....ta† Vr Ÿkaenapãbelm Ÿn†....Fa†im„-Faw ifk fak iCl|.... ŸFänFa ŸöSn … seb zuekeC....Aenk Ÿlaekr taRaûeRa ....ŸCaFaCuiF....ŸpCen....dUer iHmaly …kadƒaiRey ....…† clmantaŸk pirHas kreC inejr óùibrta idey|Vimw kamraFa Kuƒej iney ˆef pRlam ....Veó» Veó» dUer cel Zae¬C....ibÆdu.......Vidl .....na ŸdKet pawya Cib......Vr Vim |.....ŸFän Faiýph baRae¬C.....Vim janla idey ŸcaK ŸPralam.... …bar inejr ŸSayarjaygaFa otir kret Heb....Vsar smy ŸFän jaàin Fa Bal Zayin |VmarbYagdueFa iseFr tlay sa†h ker....…kFu Ÿmrd¸ Fan Fan krlam|......Vbar klkata......Vbar "Ÿcna duWK.... Ÿcna suK....Ÿcna Ÿcna Hais muK|ŸcaeKr pata dueFa Bair lageC.........|(5)kaileJaRar pr Vmar iÃtIy idenr FuYrFa iCl FuYeh†|FuYeh† ibÆdur ŸTek Vrw 800 imFar ˆƒcuet....paHaR Ÿbey ˆfet ˆfetVidl Vmar saeT wr ŸCaFeblaFa share krl.... Vsel w FuYeh† ŸtAenk idn iCl| duñuimr Ÿs† imiñ beysFa …Kaen† …† paHaeRr Ÿkael†kaiFeyeC|baba mara Zawyar pr .... …Kaen …k mamar kaeC cel …esiCl|Vmaek iney Zaeb bll........…kFa ŸCa´ gãaem ŸZKaen …ksaeT Bart VrBUFan Taek|jlzakar ˆperr bYaerj Fa Ÿpirey.... ŸCa´ Ÿblar Vƒkar Katar isnairrmt …kFa gãam|.... k™ƒeR Gr.........ŸbRa idey ŸGra|.....ŸpCen paHaR| tarPƒak idey sUàZY ŸdKa Zae¬C | Ÿkmn …kFa VnÆd Hi¬Cl| …kFa ikCu iPerpawyar VnÆd|Vmar drawing Katar pata Vr drawing saerr kaeC Ana pawyar duWKFa men per Zae¬C | ikCu manux Zara Ÿkan jiFltaŸbaeJna.... Ÿkan kluxta Zaedr ŸCƒayna.... …kFa AnY pâiTbI| sbar mueK…kgal Hais Ÿleg VeC| …kjn Aecna -Ajana manuxek inejr ker brNker inet …kFuw Ÿdir kerin tara| …kFa KaiFyar wpr Vim.... VidlVr Videlr …k VtMIy .....Ÿnaran| Vmra bes gÑ kriClam|…† paHaeRr gÑ| paHaiR manuexr gÑ|taedr idn.... rat Vr idn§ela Ÿk rat ker Ÿdwya AÉkaerr gÑ|Ÿnaran bliClÎÎÎ wra Kub …ka| …† paHaeRr Ÿkael Ÿkan ŸdeSr srkarwedr Kƒujet Ves na| na BUFan na Bart | dueFa ŸdeSr kaeC† wra bãatY|
  14. 14. ÎÎ" Vmaedr pãeyajn §ela Vmra kaek janab ŸsFa buJet buJet†Ÿs§ela jlzakar jel ŸBes Zay|Vim Ÿnaran Ÿk bllamÎÎÎ" Ÿtamra Vsel srkarI Baeb Ÿkan ŸdeSr ....maen ŸBaF daw Ÿkan srkarek ? Ÿnaran bllÎ-" Vmra Katay-klem BartIy| ikǼ mjar kTaFa ik jaenn ?Vmaedr gãaemr pãay AeàDk Ÿlak jnM sueº BUFain| Ÿkan na Ÿkan karen…Kaen cel …eseC |ÎÎ" …et Ÿkan baDa Vesna ? …Kaen bàhar isikˆiriF Ÿkmn ? ÎÎ" baDaeta Takeb†| ikǼ ik jaenn …Faeta Vr AnY bàhar §ela r mtny| SaÇ»| kFa Ÿlak jaen …Kan ŸTek BUFainra Ves ? ikǼ pãitidn†VseC| kaejr ŸKƒaej| Vbar raetr Ÿbla cel Zay | klkatay VpnaraŸZmn dUr dUr ŸTek haleHOis Vesn .... kaejr jnY AenkFa Ÿtmin|Vbar du-…kjn Ÿkan kareN ŸTek Zay Vr ŸPer na|ÎÎ" ikǼ Ÿnaran.... …et Vmaedr Qit He¬C na ? Vmaedr AàTnIitr Qit|Ÿnaranek …bar …kFu AnY rkm lagl | ŸCelFa sÚpeàk Vidl VmaekVeg† beliCl| klkata Ÿt pRaìna kereC | brilliant student | mYaTsAnaàs| Paàö £aS| cakrI ŸpeyiCl idiLet .... kerin | strong principlewr ŸBtr kaj kereC ŸCaeFaebla eTek†| …† paHaRFaek inejr ŸTekwŸbiS ker Balbaes| …† paHaiR manux§elaŸk Vrw manux ker ŸtalarA˜Ikar ineyeC| …kFa ô™l calay| Vr inejr ikCu samanY bYbsa VeCŸsFa ker|ÎÎ" V¬Ca Vpin ŸdS blet ik ŸbaeJn ? Ÿnaran Vmaek Kub S¹¡ …kFapãSÈ krl|ÎÎ" maen.... ŸdS blet …† Bart.... maen ...Î-" ifk ker blet parebn na| Vpin raó»ar Vr pƒacFa Ÿlakek ije¯skr›n.... taraw parebna| ŸdS Hl Vsel …kFa Cib| ŸZFaek Vmra mYapbel ŸdiK| ikCu nIl.... sbuj reªr la†n cel ŸgeC Zar meDY idey| ikCupiliF¤ Zar AiDka„SFa† corrupted| Vmar pãeyajen .... Vpnarpãeyajen| Vmra ŸdSFaek define kir.......inejr ÷aàT isiÁr jnY | ŸdSblet ŸdSbasI Ÿkan idn† Hyin|.......... Ainàbanda...... Ÿkan idn na....Ÿkan idn† Hyin| ŸdS blet ŸdeSr maº 20%-30% population | Vrbaik sb Hawyay ˆRet Taka tuelar mt.... taedr inejr Ÿkan weightŸn† | Ÿkan …kFa Haet S¹¡ Baeb bsar mt| Vr Ÿkˆ taedr Hat baiReyDerna| ìDu ˆeR cla Vr …ka …ka bƒaca| inejr mt ker|inejedrjnY|inejedr iney| ÎÎ" ik blC Ÿnaran ? Vmaedr kalcar ....Vmaedr ŸHireFj …§elaŸdSFa Ÿk define ker na ?ÎÎ" ker eta| ikǼ Vinàban da blet paern,kalcar.... ŸHireFj …§elaVeg ŸdeSr na Veg manuexr ?ŸZ manux §ela …ek AprŸk Ÿcen.... inejrbel men ker.... tara ik …kiºt Het paer na ? paerna inejedr kalcarFa share kret ? Vmar kTa §ela Ÿkmn ŸZn Hairey ŸgeC| Ÿnaraenr kTa§ela Hfa‡Kub......Kub sitY bel men Hl|Vim....
  15. 15. Vmar ŸDap-duró» PçYaF.... Vmar Jaƒ-ckcek AiPs.... Vr VmarûjugFaek Vdr krar mt enough Faka..........…§ela CaRa Vim Vr ikjain ?kFa …rkm ibÆdu Ÿk icin? kFa Ÿnaran …r gãaemr kTa ŸSanar †e¬CraiK.......na....raiKna.... Ÿkanidn raiKin|ÎÎ" ik dada ikCu blun ? Vim ik Ÿbifk? Vmaedr ik …† manux§ela ŸkVSãy Ÿdwya ˆic‡ ny? Zara …kFu Bal Takar jnY.... pãaN Haet ker…edeS pailey …eseC ......Hyeta …kFa r›iFr jnY|w† ŸZ ŸdKeCn.......wr nam iriml| wr baba-ma gt bCr mara ŸgeCn| …kFaŸCel ik Baeb wKaen exploited Hi¬Cl Ÿs sÜeÉ Vpnar Ÿkan DarNa Ÿn†|gt sÐaeH ŸCelFa …Kaen pailey …eseC inejr …k ididr kaeC|…bar blunVpin...... ik krb Vmra.... ik blb wek? cel ŸZet blb ? blbÎ-" ZaiPer Za ......Hairey Za AÉkaer|Vpnar manibkta ik bel Ainàbanda?Î-" Vim ik¬Cu jainna .... Ÿnaran Vim Kub ŸCa´ gi¸r manux| VmarmanibktaŸbaD §ela......sUQM Vebg §ela Vmar SHerr †ƒF-bailr j˜elHairey ŸgeC|ibekelr sUZYFa Ÿgapen .... Vmar ŸcaeKr samen jlzakar …paR ŸTekwpaeRr paHaeRr gaey AdâSY Hey Ÿgl| Vim taek sImana par kra ŸTekVFkaet parlam na| Vmar mer Zawya mnFa …Knw AtFa paTr Hyin|Vidl pãTm kTaFa bll|"dada.... Vj ibÆdu ŸPraFa …kFu irô Hey Zaeb| Vpnar Ÿkan AsuibDa naHel Vpin Vmaedr …Kaen Tak™n.... Vim AmelS babu Ÿk ŸPan keridi¬C|Vim bllamÎÎ-" Za Bal ŸbaJ....Vmar Ÿkan AsuibDa Ÿn†|[6]Vraemr dueFa r›iF Vr Vlu isÁ .......…† jaygaFa Vmaek VbarŸCaFeblay na iney igey CaReb na ..... maeyr kTa men pReC .....Kub menpReC |..... Ÿnaran Vmaek sara seÉY jueR …kFa ˆpliØr meDY idey ineyŸgeC| ikCu manux Zaedr Vmra Ÿkanidn icnet ca†in .....ìDu..."AnupãebSkarIr tkma laigey Ÿd† ....taedr icineyeC....Ÿkn tarainejr ŸdS....sÚman ŸCeR AnY jaygay cel Ves .....taedr …† ŸdSFarsaeT VtMIyta kt gBIr ... ktFa Haiàdk ,ta na ŸdKel .... na janel....ˆpliØ kra sÝb ny ....|rat Hey ŸgeC .....Vmaek ibday jainey Ÿnaran Vr Vidl cel Ÿgl|Vim …† ŸCa´ Ger …kla raja ......|…kFa Ÿmambaitr Vela Vr maduerr …kFa ibCana ..... Vmar jnY ŸýpSalVYer²emÆF ..... ik Vram!! ......…eta Bal ker ktidn ì†in men Hl...... |Vmar 1000 ŸôayariPF …r PçYaFFay ..... Vmar 6 †i‚ gidwyala ibCanaFay Vmar diQN ŸKala janalay....
  16. 16. sound system ŸTek ŸBes Vsa matal kra John Denver …...........ŸkaTaw......ŸkaTaw…t Vram Ÿn† |Vsel w§elaet …tFa VÇ»irkta Ÿn†| paeS jlzaka bey Zae¬C .....VrHawyay ŸBes Vsa irimelr bƒaiSr sur duecaeK Guemr meta Ÿnem VseC .....kFa baej Vim jainna .....drjay VwyajFa ìen.....ifk kretpariClam na pãTem.... ŸkaTay ViC .....…kFu Dató» Hawyar pr ....buJetparlam VwyajFa Vmar drjaet† He¬C...."ŸKalaFa ifk Heb?....pãSÈFamenr meDY VFkai¬Cl....…kbar Bablam Aidlek haik ....pãit mUûeàtdrjay VwyajFa tIbãtr Hi¬Cl .... Vim GamiC... Vim AitiT wedr...."Ÿkˆ ik ibped pRl ? ... Aidl ik? ....Vmaek hakeC ? .... jainna VimikCu jainna ...Ÿkmn …kFa By Vmaek gãas kriCl... na Vr parb na ....mǽmue©r mt …igey Ÿglam ...... drjaFa Kullam | Kulet† …k JFka batas| Vmaek ŸcaKFa bÉ kret baDY krl .... taikey ŸdKlam …kFa Ÿmey |bCr 16/17-r Heb | …kFa By ....…kFa Ajana Vt« iney Vmar samendƒaiRey | drja Kulet† …k inSÿaes Aenk§ela kTa bel Ÿgl| "Vmaek …kFu …Kaen Taket daw ..... wra .... wra taRa kerVseC| Vmaek Ÿmer ŸPleb ....Vmar ŸkaTaw Zawyar Ÿn† | VmaekTaket daw ..... Vim ikCu bueJ wfar Veg† w inej† drjar iSklFa tuel idey …kFadIàGinWSÿas ŸPll|"…kFu jl Heb ? ......AenkFa CueFiC.... Ÿtña pae¬C|Vim ikCu blar Veg† w Ÿnaran …r raKa jelr ŸbatlFa ŸTek zk zk kerVenkFa jl ŸKey ŸPll|"tuim Ÿk ?…Kaen Ÿkn ?....Ÿk taRa kereC Ÿtamaek?...Vim Ÿta ikCu†buJet pariC na "bliC bliC sb bliC | Vim......Vim sairya .... Vim pailey VsiC VmarbaiR ŸTek| ŸdS ŸTek .... Vmar sbikCu ŸCeR .....Vim ik blb buJet parlam na | Ÿnaran Vj saraidn Vmaek Ÿkmn …kFaŸGaerr meDY ŸreKeC Ÿcna pâiTibFa .... jana BYalus .... ŸBe˜cuer …kFantun s„¯a Vmar samen tuel DereC ..... Vr tarpr Vmar samen ŸmeyFadƒaiRey.... na .... …Fa ik sitY?Vim bllam ÎÎ "Ÿtamaek kara taRa kreC? Ÿkn?"wra , maen Vmar gãaemr Ÿlaekra ,Vmar baba| Vim ikCuet† wedr kaeCiPer Zab na | …k dl KunI,Zaedr kaeC Vmar †e¬C Ain¬Car Ÿkan mUulY Ÿn†| ìDu bó»a pƒca s„ôar ,ViBjatY Ÿk maTay ker Ÿbƒec Taka …kdl raQs|"ik blC tuim ---- wedr meDY Ÿtamar babaw Ÿta VeCn"taet ik? w Vmar baba ny , w …kFa .... .... …kFa KunIkaÊay ŸBe˜ pRl , sairya|…kraS ibSÿas Vr Kub inejr ikCu manux Hfa‡ ŸcaeKr samen Aecna HeyŸgel .....taedr suÆdr ŸcHara§ela Hairey ŸZet Takel mnFa Kub BarI HeyZay ..... menr ˆpr Ÿcep Taka Ÿs† BarI BarI ŸmG§ela tKn bâiñ Jray, bRmn ŸBjaena Ÿs† bâiñ ! Vim Aenk iBejiC wr jel | ta† sairya ŸkwiBjet idlam....…† bâiñFa mn Ÿk ìÁ ker, pibº ker|
  17. 17. " ikǼ sairyar bYaparFa ik ? Ÿtamar baba Ÿtamaek Kƒuej ŸbRae¬Cn Ÿkn ?tuim† ba tar kaeC iPer ŸZet ca†C Ÿkn ? ....…Kaen tuim …ka …kaTakeb?"na …ka Ÿkn? ......Vim iriml …r saeT Takb kTaFar saeT saeT …kraS cƒaedr Vela wr bâiñ ŸBja muKFaek cumu ŸKeyŸgl|Vim bllam Î-- "iriml? w men peReC .... bµ Bal bƒaiS bajay ŸCelFasairya bll .------ "HƒYa Vim iriml Ÿk Kub Balbais | …† jlzaka jaenktFa| ikǼ Vmar baba ŸsFa Ÿmen Ÿnyin| irimlek …ka Ÿpey AenkVtYacar kereC | wek baDY kereC .... ŸdS CaRet|"ikǼ Vim Ÿta wek CaRa w† Amanux §elar saeT baƒcb na | ta† VjVimw pailey …esiC | sb ikCu ŸCeR …esiC| ìDu irimelr kaeC .... .... | …kFa ineàBjal srl mn ..... Vr tar Akáiºm , Kub saDarN caiHda| ZarsaQI …† rat.... Vim Vr ŸbRa ŸBe˜ pailey Vsa …kFa mn |"Vmaek Taket idn na ,…kFu smy | skal Het Vr ŸbiS baik Ÿn† | Vimskael ifk irimlŸk Kuƒej Ÿnb "AbSY† Ÿneb| iriml …† Daer kaeC† ŸkaTaw Taek| Vim Ÿtamaek iney Zabwr kaeC | tuim icÇ»a Ÿkaera na|Vbar du-itneF jelr kna sairyar ŸcaeKr Ÿkal Baisey ŸbiRey VseC|....…† kaÊaFa AnY rkemr ....Vmar Kub …kFa Ÿcna ny| teb ìeniC KubVraemr | …† ŸpãmFa manuxek kt suÆdr ker Ÿtael .... …† ŸpãmFar jnY†iriml At suÆdr bajaet paer .....…† ŸpãmFar jnY† sairyar ŸcaeKr Ÿkaelw† Ajana Aecna kaÊaFa Ves .... .... …† Ÿpãemr jnY† Vmar mt carŸdwyaelr manuxFa bar bar Gr ŸCeR Ÿbirey peR .... Vr …r jnY† ìDu"Ÿppar iSiQt Vim ibÆdu ,FuYehr manuexr kTa ìen , ŸdeK .... ˆ¹rNGiFeyiC inejr| …kka´a AnupãebS iberaDI Vim Vr Vmar Ger …Knsairya|skal kKn Hey ŸgeC buJet† pairin | cairidk ŸTek Ÿrad zuekeC..... Ÿkanrkem ŸcaK Ÿmel pãTem drjar kaCFaet ŸcaK Ÿgl | sairya Ÿn†| drjaFawŸBtr ŸTek bÉ | sb sitY§ela Ÿkmn pak ŸKey Vmar maTar iBtr HatuiRmaret lagl ... sairya ŸkaTay? .... .... .... drja P™ƒeR Ÿta Hawya HeyŸZet paer na| Gr ŸTek baiR Zawyarw …† …kFay pT ....... taHel?Vim taRataiR ker Ÿbirey …lam | cairidk Kub SaÇ» , …kFu Vles.......sairya Ÿn† |taHel sairya ik Vmar ˆpliØ .......? Vmar ˆ¹rn ? jainna ...... Vmar …† ŸCa´ mnFa At bR ikCu Ÿkanidn Babet paerna |ìDu Veó» Veó» buJlam sairya baó»eb Taket paerna | wpaerr sairyaraŸbaDy At suÆdr ba„lay kTa blet paer na | ikǼ Vmar iPlFa sitY | wetŸkan Kad Ÿn† |
  18. 18. Vmar ŸBterr VimFa Aenk idn baed naRa ŸKeyeC | Aenk bCr prVmar menr Aió»tÔFa ŸFr ŸpeyiC ....... sairya tar ÷epÈr kTa bel Vmar÷epÈr maeJ Vmaek naRa idey Ÿgl |…kFu per Ÿnaran Vmar kaeC …l ..... | …kFa capa kaÊa mueK ker | ŸZFa wZt† luket Ÿcña kr›k na Ÿkn, pariCl na |ÎÎw bll kal raet naik puileSr …nkaˆÆFaer wpaerr ŸTek Vsa…kjn mara ŸgeC | …kFa ÷pÈ Kun HeyeC|Vim Vr Taket pairin .... .... ....ibÆduet , …† ÷pÈFa Vmaek taRa kereC saraQN | Aidl Ÿk idey Ÿsidenribekelr ŸFäenr iFikF kaiFey ŸbiRey pRlam Vmar KacaFar ˆeÀeSY|[7]…bar ŸFänFa klkatar kaeC …es peReC .... .... .... Vr maº dueFa öepjtar per† Vbar Vmar car Ÿdwyaelr PçYaF , Vr Vmar …kaÇ» …kakItÔ|ikǼ ikCu iney iPriC ibÆdu ŸTek | men He¬C menr pekFFa BarI Hey VeCŸbS | Hyt Vmar menr AÉkar GrFar janalaFa Kuel idey Ÿgl sairya,Ÿnaranra| ŸZFa idey Hyt Ÿrad zukeb,SYawla Dra jIbnFa Vbar sjIb Heb|Vmar sb Q™Åta, sb s„kIàntaek sirey … Vmar nb jIben VbàBab| Vmar ntun sUeàZYady| Vmar ˆ¹rN|Vim janalar kaeC …es bslam .... .... .... Ÿrihw cleC .... .... ....§ljaerr BraF gla .... .... ...." suBa suBa …k ŸKawyab ik dó»k pr drwyaja ŸKala, ŸdKa...srHd Ÿkˆsúpar Ÿs k™C ŸmHman Vey HYay....VƒeKa Ÿs mayus ŸT saer...ŸcHer saersuen sunaey ... paw ŸDaey, Hat Dulaey ....V˜n Ÿm Vsn lagaey ... AˆrtÆdur Ÿp miQ Ÿs k™C ŸmaeF ŸmaeF ŸraF pakaey ...ŸpaFil Ÿm ŸmHman ŸmeripCel saela ik Psela ka §R laey ŸT...VƒKƒ Kuil Ÿta ŸdKa Gr Ÿm Ÿka† niH Ta...Hat laga kr ŸdKa Ÿta tÆdur AiBtk buJa niH Ta...Vˆr ŸHƒaeFa pr imef §R ka Za†ka Vb tk icpk raHaTa.....ŸKawyab Ta sayd...eKawyab iH ŸHaga...srHd pr kl rat suna HYaycil iT Ÿgail...srHd pr kal rat suna HYay....k™C Kwyab ka Kun ûyaHYay...|
  19. 19. …Fa ik Balbasa iCl ? AiBexk dasŸs idn Kub bâiñ HeyiCl|klkatar pTGaF jel oT-oT|ŸCelFa bãIejr ˆpr idey HaFeC | jama kapR cupcuep ŸBja| Cata Ÿn†|raiº tKn dSFa| baiR Aenk dUr|pekeF Ÿgana-§nit 12 Faka|…kFa isgaerF ŸKet† Heb | Vr para Zae¬C na|baik pysay baiR | Vj rasibHarI ŸTek HƒaFet Heb|bâiñet iBjet ik Baelabaes ŸCelFa?....baes |ikǼ Vjek ŸcaeKr jlFa bµ grm lageC ŸZ |jg‡-Fa …k inemex paleF ŸgeC , ikCu GÆFar bYbDaen|Vj prIr jnMidn iCl|prI Vset inexD keriCl ikǼ parl na Ain|kelejr iFiPn na ŸKey ma-…r Ÿdwya Faka Ÿs dumas Der jimeyeC|prIŸk tar jnMidenr gift iken idet Heb ŸZ |Ain ŸgiCl prIr baiR| prIr ma Ainek bµ Baelabaes|prIr jnMidenr paiàF|prIr Ÿpãimk …eseC | Ÿs Ainek By pay| karNFa Ain …Kn ifk bueJˆfet paer in|Ego-problem Fa bµ Karap ijins ŸZ|prI Ÿdatla ŸTek Ÿnem gift Fa inl Ain¬Ca se¹Ôw|Ÿdatlay "paiàF|Ain Ÿs† paiàFet Anaût AitiT|wper ‘Happy birthday to you’ Vr nIecr tlay ŸsaPay …ka besAinr taet sur Ÿmlaena|Vr ŸcaeKr jl? ŸsFaeta AeBYs Hey ŸgeC| Ainr men Hi¬Cl …barglgl ker r¹¡ Ÿbreb muK idey, ta† Ÿs saraQn cup ker† iCl|prIr ma Kawyaeln Vdr ker|ibiryain Vr ma„s|"kaikma, ma„sFa Bal HeyeC|Ain Ÿsidn baiRet …es wr maek beliCl,........."bYapk mja HeyeC|Ÿsidn ikǼ Ain prIr baiR ŸgiCl ìDumaº bÉ™ iHsaeb|prI | Bal nam "Anaimka|Ain | Bal nam "Ainàban |…k kelj| …k £as|Ain intelligent ,Bal ŸKlaDUlaet| jeyeÆF Bal rank| Bal Hasaetpaer|Vr Bal mjar mjar galagail idet paer| Guitar Fa iSKeC| wFar
  20. 20. pãeyajn pReb w jaen| ganFa ŸmaFamuiF ga†et paer| Kub popular ŸCelkelejr|1st to final year …k naem Ÿcen sba†| Ÿmeyedr saeT kTa belna Kub…kFa,Zidw co-ed ŸTek peReC|prI| suÆdrI| Kam-ŸKyail | Ÿkan bÉ™ Ÿn†| ego-problem VeC| kelejrsba† Ÿcen taek rœepr jnY|Vim puera gæpFa blet parbna, ìDu …kFa ŸCelr …kFa smeyrBabnaicÇ»a| tar ÷aDInta| tar Balbasa| tar Ÿmen Ÿnwya| tar inejrotrI nrk| tar mâtuYr kæpna| tar jIbenr saeT lRa†| tar iPer Vsa|…Fa ik ZeTñ ny?Vim ŸZ pãjaitr manuexr jIbenr GFnaFa Vj bllamtara ÷aDInta ŸbaeJ| tara Balbasa Ÿdwyar jnY† VeC| pawyar VSaraeKna| Vr Ÿs† Aæp cawya pawyar jnY† Hyt Ainàbanra Vjw …†SHerr buek Ÿbƒec Taek|taedr bƒacet Hy| Haset Haset bel "…QtibQt pâiTbIet …kFa Qt na Hy Vmar buek r†l|Balbasa, Zar s„¯a Hyna tar pãse˜ Vsa Zak|w† GFnar perr idn kelej prIQa iCl| Ain prIek beliCl......"Bestof luck ,prIQaFa Bal ker ids|Ainr kaeC BalbasaFa ÷aDIntar …kFa ibó»r piriD| pãTem ŸBebiClganFa Balbasa| VdàS iney Ÿs Ÿkan idn ikCu Baebin| teb manuexr jnYŸBebeC| "nicekta jIbenr AenkFa jueR iCl|Ÿs† £aS …†F ŸTek|maen ŸbaeJin| …Kn ŸbaeJ| Balbasa tar kaeC …kFa mHakaeSr taraZaek Cƒuet ca†elw Ÿkanidn ŸCƒaya Zaeb na| ìDu ŸCƒayar pãaNpNŸcña|…tFuk™ Pƒak Ÿn†|…tFuk™ g¸I Ÿn†| inW÷aàT srl mn iney iSì menrpaglaim|Ain immature| prI mature| Aenk bCr Der Ÿpãm kereC!!Ain gaeyDUela maKet jaen| tTakiTt statusŸs Ÿkanidn ŸbaeJin,ta† bÉ™ kereC ìDu mn ŸdeK|Ainr maTarw ik …kFamn VeC ?prIr mnFa Bal | Ÿpãm kraFa wr kaejr meDY peR| prI bµ calak|AinŸbaka| ikǼ Ÿsaja peT Babel …rkm† Hy|Ainr kaeC sba† Bal| paglŸCel !Ainek sba† Balbast|Ain Ha†-ŸleBelr ŸramaiÆFk ŸCel| ZidwstYij‡ CaRa ikCu Kub …kFa peRin| rbIÆÅnaeTr "rajiàx Vr taraS«rbeÆdYapaDYaeyr "DaºI-Ÿdbtay Ÿctnar ˆeÃaDn|Ain naió»k|prI drkaer Bgban ibSÿas ker|prI Ainek ibSÿas krt| jant … ŸCelFa Vmar kKnw Ÿkan Qitkret pareb na|na pawya caiHda §ela,na pawya BalbasaFuk™ Birey inl Balbasay| AiniCl ŸZ, tar prIek sbFuk™ Ÿdwyar jnY| VƒkeR Drl prI Ainek,ZKntar Ÿpãimekr saeT tar Jaemla cliCl|
  21. 21. Ain Babl......prI taek "Balbaes|ÙaiÇ» ŸkeF Ÿgl| pàdaFa Vr iCl na ŸcaeKr samen| Ain raó»ar Dustbin …VCeR …es pRela|biàjt ÅebYr mt|bÉ™ra wr paeS iCl| Ÿkan laB Hl na|nrk otrIr kaj VrÝ Hl...........|…kidn prIr Ÿpãimk careF ŸCel iney Sasaet …l Ainek| rat tKndSFa|…kFa maefr meDY|Ain Ÿsidn pãcur md igeliCl|prI Ÿsidn ŸPan ker beliCl ........... "wek ikCu bils na|Ain ikCu belin|ìDu galagail ìeneC| sb† bap-ma tuel| tar bap-ma ik keriCl ŸsidnAin ŸbaeJin| Ainr babar Kub AsuK| Ain Ÿk wra beliCl maiFet pƒuetraKeb|Ain wedr saeT sHeZaigta kret ŸceyiCl maiF ŸKaƒRay|karN smy ŸbiS lageb na Hel|Ainr 6 iPF Ha†F!!Ain bueJ Ÿgl nrekr bµ kaeC cel …eseC|raet ìey ìey kaƒdt| idenr pr idn| raetr pr rat|mSairr jael karaŸZn muK ŸdiKey cel ŸZt|maeJ maeJ kTa bltw taedr saeT| Veó»Veó»| ma-baba paeSr Ger Guemae¬C|cƒad ŸZidn wr ibCanay Vela Ÿdwyar jnY pagl Hey ŸZt Ÿsidn Ainrjanalar pàda Ÿdwya|ŸnSa VrÝ Hl| md|ikǼ prI Vrw kaeC cel Vst ŸnSay| "…et Heb na|igFar |iden 10 GÆFa pãakiFs|Vªul ŸkeF r¹¡ pRt | Ain Hast|saraidn ŸCaFaCuiF kelj Takel| Vbar igFar.....Vbar Gum jagaena rat|Ain SaiÇ»et Aenkidn Gumayin, ta† £aiÇ» ŸbeC inl|GumFa drkar|Ain ÷pÈ ŸdKet Balbaes|r¹¡Fa Kub Bair bel men Hl|na| w pareb na|..ma-Ÿk BIxn Balbaes| sb† tar mar jnY|ma-babapâiTbIr Vela ŸdiKeyeC|mâtuY Zid Hy Ÿta men ŸHak, SrIer ny| QiNekr mâtuY ik w ˆpliØ krl|Fossils...…† namFa Kub saHaZY keriCl|njr›l me‚ Zatayat Gn Het lagl| Fossils...Hyt karN Kuƒjet saHaZY keriCl|Ainr …ka Taka AeBYs Hey Ÿgl|Aenk na bla kTa...| Aenk ŸQaB|Aenk ÷aàTprtar pãitbad|Aenk ASã›....| Aenk kñ|sb §mer §mer mer Ÿgl|...VS«a ŸdKa idl men|tbu manuexr ˆpr ibSÿas kml na|nrekr DU-DU pãaÇ»r , ŸkaTaw Ÿkˆ Ÿn†| … Cib AeBYesr mt Het lagl|mueKaS Ain Bal† pret jant ta† Ÿkˆ ikCu buJl na|
  22. 22. Ainr ma Ainek pãTm blt ........"ŸøH Ait ibxm bó¼| sitY|Ain tarjIbenr kaeC bueJeC|prI Bal Tak ,sueK Tak …Fa† Ÿs ŸceyiCl| ŸsFainejr jIbenr ibinmey Ain taek ideyeC|iPer Vsar gæpFa ŸCaF| "Ÿmen Ÿnwya.......... dueFa kTa maº|Ain prIek Vr Balbaes na|sb ikCur …kFa sIma VeC| GâNaw kerna|prI na Takel BalbasaFa† Hyeta Ajana Takt| Hyeta manuexr jIbentar Ÿpãimekr kaeC VGat bµ inàmm laeg,|sHY kra Zayna BalbasartIbãta Ainr Ajana|Ÿs† smy kaˆek drkar Hy|ŸZ bR Vpn Ÿs† ˆpZu¹¡|ikǼ tara kKnw Baeb na, Ÿs† ŸCelFar ik Hy|…Fa Baba drkar| sitY drkar|…kFu gan ŸHak…bar| bµ §emaF lageC|..."Vim Ÿtamay Ÿtamar ŸdHek,ibSÿas Vr seÆdHek|Kƒuij Hfa‡ Hfkairtay icin na Ÿtamay,Anaimka, bel haket pair ik Ÿtamay |
  23. 23. ŸlKapRa Riemannian Geometry & Relativity The Geometrical Interpretation of Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity Subhajit BanerjeeGeometry, one of the oldest branches of pure mathematics, is basicallyderived from physical experience. Geometry at its base assumes as thingsgiven – firstly the notion of space and secondly the first principal ofconstruction of elementary geometrical figures. The first step towardsconstructing a logically consistent system of pure axiomatic geometrywas taken by EUCLID, who in his celebrated book “THE ELEMENTS”gave five postulates which were completely self-contained and selfconsistent. Although these postulates were merely definitions of point,line, circle, right angle and parallel lines but their validity as a priory forgeometry was always in doubt. Ancient geometers always tried to proveEUCLID’S postulates from more elementary axioms but failed to do so.Among all the EUCLID’S postulates his fifth postulate was doubtedmost. According to many geometers this postulate was a logicalconsequence of the other four postulates. This fifth postulate states –“If a line segment intersects two straight lines forming two interiorangles on the same side that sum to less than two right angles, then thetwo lines, if extended indefinitely, meet on that side on which the anglessum to less than two right angles.”Among these geometers, the work of GAUSS and LOBACHEVSKI weremost important. GAUSS developed a two dimensional geometry wherethe fifth postulate was not valid. This geometry is basically geometry ofintrinsically curved surfaces as that of a sphere. GAUSS was the firstperson to realize that these kind of surfaces possess an intrinsic curvaturesuch that it cannot be flattened in form of a page you are seeing rightnow. If we try to make a plane surface out of it then we must have to givedistortions in it in multiple places. On the other hand the surface of acylinder or a cone can easily be unrolled to give a surface to that of thispage. So these type of surfaces posses zero intrinsic curvature (but non-zero extrinsic curvature).
  24. 24. RIEMANN, a student of GAUSS extended this idea to any number ofdimensions in his celebrated paper “On the hypothesis which lies at thebase of geometry”. RIEMNN was first to show that the axioms ofpractical geometrical system must be chosen from the situation in handand as a result of this, these axioms are not fixed but bound to vary withthe situation. In most of the practical situations this role is played byEUCLID’S postulates but that don’t mean that other set of axioms are notmathematically possible.Let us imagine a hypothetical blind, flat creature who lives on the surfacecrumpled sphere and have no perception of third spatial dimension. Onething which is noticed by GAUSS, who first imagine this type of flatcreature, is that as their body is also crumpled with the surface soaccording to them their surface is perfectly flat. In a broader sense theabove statement means that -- a infinitesimally small neighborhood of apoint on a curved surface is infinitely stretched out i.e. behaves like aplane sheet of paper.RIEMANN, by virtue of his remarkable mathematical skill and physicalinsight then put forward a bold idea, he said that – “any kind of field offorce is nothing but the effect of the curvature of the surrounding region”,for example – if our flat creature in his journey along the sphere comeacross any of the bumps on the crumpled surface then he is forced tomove sidewise unintentionally due to the effect of the bump. To thecreature, he was mysteriously pulled by an unknown reason…he namedthis effect Force or Field of force. So according to RIEMANN ---- FORCE = GEOMETRYSo REIMANN succeeded to geometrize physics.This type of practical geometry of RIEMANN when applied togravitational field, results in EINSTEIN’S general theory of relativity.EINSTEIN applied RIEMANN’S idea to show that the force of gravity isan effect of the curvature of four dimensional space-time. This means thatthe effect of gravity can be explained by the curvature of themathematical entity space-time which is four- dimensional.According to the geometry of EUCLID (Geometry of flat space), thedistance between two points of space can be calculated applying thecelebrated theorem of PYTHAGORAS. As the PYTHAGORAS’ theorem
  25. 25. is not valid when applied globally (to the whole surface) to a curvedspace. In case of REIMANNIAN geometry, the distance between twopoints can be calculated by a mathematical technique calledREIMANNIAN METRIC TENSOR FIELD. As the distance dependsupon the curvature around the two points concerned, so with the help ofthis metric, we can also determine the local curvature of space.The aim of theory of relativity is to write all the equations of physical lossin such a way that they are valid in all frames of reference, i.e., for allobservers independent of the nature of their motion. Special theory ofrelativity takes care of the observers who are in uniform motion relativeto each other, i.e. the so-called inertial frame. When the observer is inarbitrary frame of reference i.e. the frame may be accelerating, rotatingetc. etc. then general theory of relativity is required. According toNEWTON’S law of gravitation the acceleration of a body moving freelyunder the influence of a gravitational field is independent of its mass. Incase of earth, this acceleration near the surface of earth is denoted by “g”.If we consider an elevator which is in empty space (i.e. no gravitational ispresent) and is accelerating with an acceleration “g”, in the directiontowards the centre of the earth, then the effects inside the elevator willexactly be the same as in case of an elevator falling freely under theinfluence of earth’s gravitational field. In both the cases, a person insidethe elevator will feel weightless. Thus it can be concluded the effects ofgravity and that of acceleration are equivalent. This is known asPRINCIPLE OF EQUIVALENCE.In an accelerating frame, the known laws of physics take such a form thatthe EUCLIDEAN character (rather, MINKOWSKIAN character) of theobserved space looses its identity and the global character of the space-time becomes RIEMANNIAN type. So we can say alternatively thataccelerated motion induces RIEMANNIAN METRIC TENSOR FIELD.Now from the principle of equivalence we have in our hand acceleratedmotion and effect of gravity are equivalent. so it can be said that agravitation field induces a curvature in space-time. As the gravitationalfield is created by the mass and energy of the universe so the space-timecurvature is nothing but a result mass and energy distribution of universe. According to EINSTEIN and RIEMANN space is not an infinitecollection of points but rather an infinite set of distances interlockedtogether. That means space-time exist without its metric. One thing tonote that the four dimensional space-time of relativity is a mathematical
  26. 26. concept and thus be visualized. But the amazing thing is that with theinteraction of this concept the law of physics becomes simpler and moreexplanatory than they are in their three-dimensional formulation. Gravityis an effect of curvature of four dimensional space time is provedmathematically and the predictions made by this theory are exactly inaccordance with experimental results, thus it must be taken as correcttheory for GRAVITATION.
  27. 27. Computer Ethics and Security Pramit RoyEthics is more than just the Golden Rule. It is a principle of what is rightand wrong. Everybody knows its wrong to lie, cheat, steal, etc...However, some people dont know you are not supposed to copy a gameyou purchase and then give it to your sister so she can use it on hercomputer. In this article, we will try and explain different situations thatclearly show right from wrong associated with computer technology.Part of the problem is technology has outpaced societys ability to clearlylabel right from wrong. While many issues really only require someoneto apply their common sense, some issues require deeper thought andanalysis before determining right from wrong. It is our responsibility togive thought to the wise and responsible use of technology.Let’s look at some different ethical situations handled wrongly that canand do cause harm to others. If a person enters your locker late at nightand steals your property and the next day at school you see privatepictures or notes on display at your school, you probably will feelviolated and very hurt. This is no different than someone entering yourfiles and looking at your work or reading your E-mail.Some people copy software and then give out their copy for others touse. Programmers and software creators lose millions of potential saleseach year due to this simple crime. Some programmers work for yearsperfecting a program. Money lost due to sales not made only increasesthe cost of those programs actually sold.There are other crimes with more dangerous consequences. People whoare extremely bright with computers sometimes use their abilities forevil. They create programs we call viruses to take control of ourcomputers in some way. Sometimes these programs actually destroy thecontents of our computer.
  28. 28. So what do you think? Is it right to peer into someone else’s electronicproperty? We do something like that in many of the cases, because itseasy to do so. And the question of that right and wrong gives birth toComputer Ethics.Computer ethics is a branch of practical philosophy which deals withhow computing professionals should make decisions regardingprofessional and social conduct. The importance of computer ethicsincreased through the 1990s. With the growth of the Internet, privacyissues as well as concerns regarding computing technologies such asspyware and web browser cookies have called into question ethicalbehavior in technology.Let us take a look at some real events not too far from our neighborhood:-1) A popular landline telephone company of Kolkata gives broadbandinternet connection, strange as it seems but the passwords for all newusers are same, if you know or guess the username it can be easilyhacked, many users are misusing this way but it is punishable by fine oreven jail2) Orkut is an online public portal of a popular corporation on Internetnamed Google. Being developed with aim of creating social networks thisgives a facility to create custom user profile and communicate with otherfriends or acquaintances. But the same way it’s easy to create fakeprofile. Abhishek, a 19-year-old management student, never imaginedthat the prank he played on his classmate would land him in jail. Hecreated a fake account on the name of a girl and following her complaintabout tarnishing her image in the public forum – Orkut, the Thane CyberCell tracked down Abhishek from the false e-mail id that he made.3) Also we know, Avinash Bajaj, the CEO of Baazee.com, the Indiansubsidiary of eBay, was arrested by the Indian police for distributingpornography.Thus easier to do doesn’t necessarily mean legal to do. And proper careand knowledge should be taken before going to take any doubtful step inthis open chamber of all possibilities.
  29. 29. Well these activities are ignored to certain limits and that limit dependson the ethical standardization of different countries. One of the mostdefinitive sets of ethical standards is the Association for ComputingMachinery Code of Ethics. The code is a four-point standard governingethical behavior among computing professionals. It covers the core set ofcomputer ethics from professional responsibility to the consequences oftechnology in society. The Information Technology Act 2000 (ITA-2000) is an Act of the Indian Parliament notified on October 17, 2000. Itaddresses the following issues. 1. Legal Recognition of Electronic Documents 2. Legal Recognition of Digital Signatures 3. Offences and Contraventions 4. Justice Dispensation System for Cyber CrimesRecent modifications on this act make it more active.Now let us take a practical example of the reason behind all these and itsuse.Copy protection of software and other digital mediaSoftware has always been evolving. Every single piece of software iseventually replaced by a better, more improved version of that software.Software development is not an easy task. It takes research and deepanalysis as well as huge labor and time. And above all, it takes money toget the software developed. Software that is sold commercially is pricedin a way that it gives the back cost of making it and also yields someprofits.The same philosophy lies behind Audio CDs and Game CDs. Costs ofhiring a recording studio and recording in there along with promotionalcosts add up to a whopping amount. This increases even more when itcomes to games. This is why CDs must be protected from being copiedillegally so as to protect the interest of the developers and sellers.What makes CD Copy Protection Difficult?
  30. 30. From many decades, a silent war is ongoing between developers andcrackers. Developers, in order to protect their software from being copied,keep building new technologies while crackers try to find all the ways toovercome it. In the world of today, CD Copy Protection has becomedifficult due to the spread of the internet that allows anonymity and due tothe availability of CD/DVD Burners and software.In short we can have a look (you may ignore if you find it unnecessary)about some interesting techniques for doing this.Techniques for CD Copy ProtectionThere exist a multitude of CD Copy Protection techniques all of whichhave been cracked. The following text shows some of the most commonones. 1. CDCops - CDCops is used to tell original CDs from copied ones. Itworks by checking for an encrypted value present as an 8-bit value in theoriginal CD. The CD Cops technique performs this check time and againto ensure that the CD being used is an original one. The problem here, asis obvious, is that since the correct value is stored on the CD thoughencrypted, crackers can still decode it to make copies. 2. DiscGuard - Developed by TTR technologies, DiscGuard is aprotection technique that stores the protection routine and executables onthe CD in an encrypted form along with a digital code to decrypt it. Thisdigital code is not produced when the CD is copied. The program will runnormally from an original CD while a copied one can execute any otherfile (usually a Demo of the software) as the developer sees fit. 3. LaserLock - LaserLock was developed by MLS Laser LockInternational and places a hidden directory containing unreadable errors.An encryption routine and unique laser marking on the CD surface areused disable copying.4. SafeDisc - SafeDisc was developed by C-Dilla (which is now calledMacrovision) and is considered the most commonly used CD protection.SafeDisc divides the .exe file into two parts. The first one stores theroutine to decrypt the second file and the second file is encrypted based
  31. 31. on the first file. Reading such disc at a low speed and using 1 to 1 CDCopying overcomes it.5. SecuROM - SecuROM was developed by Sony and it is quite similarto SafeDisc. It is characterized by the existence of files like CMS16.DLL,CMS_95.DLL or CCMS_NT.DLL.6. VOB - VOB is the latest CD Copy Protection techniques on the lines ofSecuROM and SafeDisc. VOB uses anti-disassembling routines and thesemake the debugging take considerable amount of time hence deterringcrackers.7. CD Checkers - They are the most basic type of protection and come indifferent styles. For example, they may not let the application run from aCD Writer drive or an emulated drive. These can be easily overcome bythe modern CD-Burners.8. Region Codes - It is used with DVDs. Each DVD has a region codesuch that it can be played only in a particular country of the world. Thishas been a failure though as it is easy to modify the DVD Players toignore such codes.These I think are quite a few basics of computer ethics. Now startingfrom logic and way of thinking about the terms there are also some mythsregarding this.Common Myths:  Unless you make money and charge for the copy then you are not in violation of copyright laws.  If a work doesnt have a copyright notice it is not copyrighted.  If you own a picture someone else painted you now own the copyright.  You can remain anonymous when you copy songs from a file sharing software service on the web.  You can risk losing your copyright if you dont defend it against violators or register it with the government.  Fair use is not a defense against a copying lawsuit.  Educators and students can copy any amount of work from a copyright source without asking permission.
  32. 32. We now move onto another aspect of computer ethics, which is computersecurity.What do we mean by Computer Security?A computer many a times contains important information that needs to beprotected from any unauthorized access. This information may beanything from a file storing data about employees to passwords.Computer security deals with controlling such and other risks that areinvolved with the use of a computer.The aim of computer security and its techniques is to create a platformwhere the users of the computer (which maybe a human user or aprogram itself) can only access and modify those parts of the computerthat they are authorized to. The scheme or set of rules that specify who isallowed to do what is called the security policy of a computer system.There are various limitations that can be enforced such as restriction ofaccess or modification or deletion or a combination of these.An important aspect of computer security is that it does not render asystem useless; it only prevents its misuse by unauthorized users.Therefore, a computer system locked away from any power inside a boxis not said to be useful though it is secure. In a secure system theauthorized users of that system are still able to do what they should beable to do.Techniques under Computer SecurityComputer security is broadly divided into two approaches to it. These twoapproaches are computer security itself, which considers a computersystem insecure in itself and computer insecurity, which assumes acomputer system to be a ‘trusted’ or ‘secure’ system.Under the first approach, the aim is to redesign (not in hardware terms)the system in such a manner that it becomes more secure. Under theapproach of computer insecurity, the main aim is to protect the systemfrom external threats only. Depending on the situation and theenvironment, either of the two approaches maybe effective.
  33. 33. Some of the techniques used for securing a computer system arediscussed below: Automated Theorem Proving Automated theorem proving is actually a field of study underautomated reasoning where mathematical theorems are proven by acomputer program. By putting this into use for computer security, somecritical algorithms are proven by the computer itself, telling if it is secureand if yes, to what degree. In this way, programs that do not contain anybugs. Examples include EROS and Coyotes microkernel. Cryptographic techniques To make data being communicated over a network or other mediumsecure so as to prevent unauthorized access after it is intercepted,cryptographic techniques are used. This also involves the use of somevery strong authentication techniques so that end-points of acommunication are real (that is, the same that were meant to becommunicating).Chain of trust Under this technique, all hardware and software components of asystem are validated as being authentic one after another starting at thebottom-most level.Mandatory access control This technique allows system administrators to specify a minimumlevel of restriction on use of resources. These restriction requirements arealso applicable to the resources created by some other user of the systemas well. So, such a user cannot provide a lesser degree of restriction toresources that they own.Backups and Other Protection
  34. 34. Data contained in a computer system needs to protected from loss dueto an unplanned for event (contingencies) such as a system crash oraccidental deletions. This involves use of backups whereby the data issaved on a storage media other than the usual ones used daily by thesystem. This includes CD-Rs, CD-RWs and DVDs etc. On the otherhand, anti-virus software protect computer from being affected bymalware including computer viruses. Firewall software preventunauthorized of the computer over a network. Encryption techniques areused to encode data in a format not understandable normally.We are also affected by different evil procedure of breaking computersecurity. To find a solution and to make it easier to use let us take a lookon some basic methods for preventing computer security problems. Using FirewallWhat is a Firewall?A firewall is a computer program (software) or hardware that performsthe important function of stopping unauthorized access to a computerconnected to a network. The extent to which a firewall monitors andprevents traffic over a network from reaching a particular computersystem is determined by the network security policy defined on thecomputer system. A firewall may also be called a Border ProtectionDevice (BPD) or packet filters. A firewall determines or marks certainzones, each having a certain (or no) level of trust. A firewall then controlsthe traffic moving between a zone of complete trust or high trust and azone of no or very low trust. A typical example would be that of acomputer system (the trusted zone) and the Internet (a zone of no trust).This way, any unwanted programs or other types of infection areprevented from entering the trusted zone.
  35. 35. Types of firewallsFirewalls are distinguished from one another on the basis of the followingcriteria:Scope of communication: Firewalls may work in situations where there is only a single node orcomputer system communicating with a network or there maybe two ormore networks communicating with each other. On this basis a firewallmaybe one of the following: o Personal Firewall These are software programs which filter the traffic that enters asingle computer system to and fro a network it is connected to o Network Firewalls These firewalls are placed between the boundaries of the two ormore networks that are communicating with each other. Usually, they areplaced on their own dedicated server or other network device. Interception Layer: A firewall may either monitor or intercept the traffic at the n etworklayer or at the application layer. On this basis, the following types offirewalls maybe identified – o Network layer firewalls Network layer firewalls monitor the traffic at the network leveland completely stop the suspicious traffic from entering the network orsingle node o Application layer firewalls These firewalls intercept traffic at the Application Layer of theTCP/IP network protocol. Thus, all traffic such as that of Telnet, FTP etc.are monitored
  36. 36. o Operating System firewalls These are lower in the hierarchy as compared to application layerfirewalls and they only control the operating system or other systemsoftware State tracking: Some firewalls may or may not track the state of the communicationbeing done over a connection. On this basis, two types of firewalls maybeidentified: o Stateful firewalls These types of firewalls monitor the traffic and also keep recordof the state of the network connections from where the data came o Stateless firewalls These types of firewalls inspect each packet in complete isolationof other packets received and does not keep any record of the state of theconnection that they came from Using Antivirus SoftwareWhat is a computer virus?A computer virus is a self-replicating computer program that spreads byinserting copies of itself into other executable code or documents. When avirus inserts itself into an existing computer or file, it is termed as an"infection", and the infected file, or executable code that is not part of thevirus itself, is called a "host". Viruses are one of the several types ofmalicious software or malware that includes Trojan horses, worms etc.However, a virus, as a term, is often extended to refer to all of these typesof malware.What is Antivirus Software?
  37. 37. Antivirus software is a collection or set of computer programs that areused to detect and eliminate computer viruses and other malicioussoftware or malware from a computer system. Antivirus software is alsoused to prevent the computer system from getting infected from a virus inthe first place.All antivirus software tries to detect such malicious programs by usingtwo methods: * Examination Commonly called scanning, antivirus software scan files and try tofind a match between the code in the program with the virus definitionsthat they hold in their ‘dictionary’(database) of viruses. * Identification Antivirus software may also detect suspicious behavior demonstratedby a program which may imply that the computer system is infected.In the real world, antivirus software usually uses a combination of boththese techniques though the virus dictionary technique is more superior tothe other one.Methods used by antivirus software Dictionary This is the most popular method used by antivirus software. Underthis method of virus detection, the antivirus software inspects a file andwhile doing so, it takes the help of a dictionary that stores the definitionsof known viruses. If a match is found between the virus definition and thefile, the viruses is said to be detected and the file is said to be infected.Once this has been done, the antivirus will try to repair the file byremoving the code belonging to the virus from the file. If this fails, thenthe file is made inaccessible to any programs hence keeping the viruslimited to the file only. This is commonly called as quarantining a file. Asa last resort, the antivirus would delete the infected file.
  38. 38. This technique of virus detection is characterized by what are calledupdates. Updates are additions to the virus dictionary maintained by theantivirus software which need to be made periodically so as to make thesoftware capable of detecting newer viruses. These updates are usuallydone over an internet connection and are usually automatic. The updatesare results of some users of the antivirus software to report a new kind ofvirus as and when they appear to the manufacturing company which thenprovides an update for all the other users. The updates may also be theresult of the programmers or developers of software finding about a newkind of virus threat. An important feature of this type of scanning is that files are scannedevery time they are opened, closed or processed in some way by theOperating System of the computer. This way, it becomes possible todetect computer viruses as soon as they infect a particular file. Suchdictionary- based may also be scheduled to be performed at a particulartime by the user, say, on a particular date and time or at regular intervals. Suspicious behavior The suspicious behavior method is unique in the sense that it can helpdetect viruses even if they are not present in the virus dictionary of thesoftware. Under this method, all programs are constantly observed forsuspicious behavior. This includes writing data to an executable file. Ifthis happens, the program is marked as being a virus (or the file beingmarked as infected) and the necessary action is taken after the user’sconsent. Other approaches Some antivirus-software may use heuristic analysis for virusdetections. Under this, a part of the code of a program is first emulated,that is, given a test run before by the antivirus system before the control isgiven to the program itself. At this stage, if the behavior of the programseems to be suspicious, it can be detected as being a virus. However, thisapproach is quite inefficient.
  39. 39. Methods to avoid phishingWhat is Phishing?Phishing is a type of criminal activity that makes use of socialengineering techniques to acquire sensitive information of the victim.Persons who indulge in phishing are called Phishers. They often try toretrieve information such as passwords or credit cards by acting as atrustworthy person or business. Essentially, phishing is done over theinternet by using e-mails or instant messaging. Phishing is an illegalactivity and is often dealt with seriously through legislation. A phisher,when caught and proven guilty is imposed with huge fine andimprisonment.How to tell if you have a phishing mailThere are certain things in a phishing mail that giveaway the fact that it isspoofed. Here are some of these identifiers: Spelling mistakes Spoofed mails often contain serious spelling mistakes which onecannot expect from a professional service. For example, the bank’s namemaybe spelt wrong at a particular place or certain other words maybespelt wrongly. An example is “choise” for “choice”. Images Spoofed e-mail often contains images that are not real such as the signof a bank. This is so because the phisher has tried to reproduce it usingsome software and hence an exact replica is sometimes not possible. Sucha mistake can be confirmed by a close examination and comparison of theimage in the mail and the real mail. E-Mail Headers E-Mail headers are another way to tell if a mail is spoof. E-mailheaders show where the e-mail originated hence reveals the identity of thephisher.
  40. 40. Link addresses and IPs Such e-mails often contain links to websites where one needs to enterhis password in order to “verify his account”. A closer look on such links(called hyperlinks) would tell that they point to strange websites whichread something like http://72.68.34.76/verify. If the mail was to be fromthe bank, the website name would have been that of the bank. Applying CryptographyWhat is Cryptography?Cryptography, also called cryptology, is a discipline of mathematics andof computer science that relates to information particularly encryptionand authentication.Cryptography usually refers to encryption alone but in reality, decryptionis also a part of it. Cryptography, as a word, has been derived from the thebasic aim behind cryptography is to convert information (plain text) intounreadable form (cipher text). Ciphers are algorithms to encrypt anddecrypt data. While some techniques use the same algorithm to encryptand decrypt data, some advanced ones have different algorithms in whichcase the cipher is a pair of the two.Cryptographic techniquesThe modern field of cryptography can be divided into several areas ofstudy as follows: Symmetric-key cryptography Symmetric-key cryptography refers to encryption methods in whichboth the sender and receiver share the same. Today, it is related to studyof block ciphers and stream ciphers and to their applications. A blockcipher takes a block of plaintext and a key as input and outputs a block ofcipher text of the same size. Stream ciphers, on the other hand, operate on
  41. 41. a continuous stream of plaintext, and produce an encrypted output streambased on an internal state which changes as the cipher operates. Public-key cryptography Considered the most revolutionary thought in cryptography, public-key cryptosystems use a public key that may be freely distributed, whileits paired private key must remain secret. In public-key encryption, thepublic key is the encryption key, and the private or secret key is thedecryption key. The RSA algorithm is one of the best examples of thistype of cryptography. It is used to implement digital signature schemesand is based on computational complexity of problems which pertains tonumber theory.I believe the domain of computer ethics is quite large and extends toissues which affect all of us. Hope this helps to understand the basics ofsecurity and privacy regarding computing environments. Thedevelopment of responsible computing values and behavior in ourchildren requires good role models and instruction and reinforcement ofthese values and acceptable behaviors.
  42. 42. CÆd-CÊCaRa A-kibta ŸsOmY ma†itkibta ilKiC ...ŸsFa AbSY kaejr kTa ny,karNkibta Vjkal sba† ŸleK¯anI - A¯anI - Aæp¯anI - …kFu¯anIbad Zay na Ÿkˆ† ...…Kn br„ A-kibta ŸlKaFa† S¹¡,ta† Se×r ipef S× jueRotrI Hy raiS raiS kibtadueàbaDY-ibmUàt -As„lgÈ - ibi¬CÊ - ibiQÐó»Upakar Se×r BIRiKed Ÿpel Ÿkˆ cƒad ŸdeK ikna jainnaikǼ kibta ilKet paer sba†teb Zara iKed Ÿpel ikCu bel na,muiñbÁ Hat ŸCaeR VkaeSVrkƒaed ic‡kar ker -karN taedr ŸcaeK …Knw ibýmy VeCpâiTbIFa wedr kaeC ibmUàt ny|ny DUsr, ibi¬CÊ, ibiQÐ, dueàbaDY,ny pca gla pca gla ma„esr ó»Up…† ibxa¹¡ gYaesr pâiTbIet wra ta† Sÿas ŸnyiniëceÇ»VrVkaeSr idek taikey Vela ŸKƒaejwra ikCuidn prbR Heb,bueRa Heb,Ÿlalup iSkair paiKr ŸcaeKr meta …† pâiTbIekicneb wraVrŸs† ŸramaiÆFisjm - …r kbrKanay beswrawkibta ilKeb .........
  43. 43. Ÿrajnamca SãIjata §Ð(1)†ejel Fa–alam VkaS kYanBascarekal Faenr VbCa paHaRKatar Bƒaej r–In kagej§iCey raiK.......Vmar AeBYs^(2)ndIr bƒaek w† ŸZ ŸdeKa gaCJirey idela …kiF pata........,tara Ksela ŸZn|ik ca†el ?ŸcaKiF buej ?…Knw …sb maena ?(3)z„ z„ z„...... gIàja janaynFa baejpãay.....kƒaeD bYag iney kaejr BIeR…bar ŸZet† Hy......(4)Herk ŸcaeKr …ekk BasanIlec-sbuj,DUsr ba......dUerr ŸcaK kTa k†lntun .....HelwŸcna ŸnSa|(5)tuim …Kaen Ÿkn …el?…† peT …† ndIr Kƒaej Vsa Ÿtamar Bul…k inemex,k™-iJkiJk.........Apur kaeCŸPr...... kaSP™l|
  44. 44. pâiTbIr ŸKƒaej AiBexk daspâiTbIr ŸKaƒej Ÿs …kidn pT clet ìr› keriCl(Kail paey)Haet tar ÷pÈ iCl ....bYaeg Gaesr bIj ...sbuj kreba r›Qta ...r¹¡a¹¡ ŸfƒaeF iSs ...maef ìey ŸTek,ŸdKt …ksaeT ...Vnmen kTa blt Ÿs taraedr saeT ...nIl,Hlud paiKr dl bseta …es kaƒeD ...blt tara "gæp bl na SHerr wpaerr ...Hfa‡ ÷pÈ Tmek daRay ...cairidk inëcup ...kaelaŸDƒawyay VkaS Cay ...paiKra sb By pay ...bâiñ Vj AYaish Hy ...÷pÈ puiRey ŸbRay ...Hajar ÷pÈ Ves Hajar ÷pn Zay ...w† ŸCelFar ÷pÈ Vim ilKb Ÿkan smaiDr gay?
  45. 45. "AmlkaiÇ»... bÉ™ iCl Baela^ pãItm daS §Ð/ŸsOmY ma†itŸtamar ŸcaeK Vmar VkaS kaƒed, ŸfaƒeFr nIec sutIbã …k maya.... kTar meDY onWS× bel, kanÈaJra kTarw VeC Caya | suÐ kTa VkaSlIna Hey, Ÿgapn bYTay DUsr ŸpKm Ÿmel| buekr inec "AmlkaiÇ» men, £aÇ» Hey ibbad ker,ŸKel| Vmar kTay ŸKyal iCl Baeba, tar maeJet Hœdy idtam jueR| Ÿtamar kaeC kTar maen ìDu.. r›QtaFa-†... menr V§n dUer| Vmar V§n r„-Panuesr saTI, menr Vgl Hœdy parabaer| Ÿtamar saeT Aicnpuerr rait, bÉ™taFa sudUr ŸtpaÇ»er| Vj Vmar ìDu sÐiniSr pap, Ÿtamar VeC idgiÇ»kay Vela| mu¹¡ men bleb tuim jain.... "AmlkaiÇ»... bÉ™ iCl Baela^
  46. 46. ibidSaek ibº¡mij‡ cYaFaàjI Haèa Hawyar nrm Ÿraed, kIesr ŸZn gÉ ŸBes Ves, Ÿkmn ŸZn Hairey Za†, Ÿkmn ŸZn duWK Hy| kI ŸZn Ÿn†,kI ŸZn HaireyiC, bR dUer ŸkaTaw cel ŸgeC Ÿkˆ, AsHay …kakI raet, dUerr taraFar idek taka† Ÿtar kTa men peR| Ÿtar ŸcaK ŸBes wef "kalpur›exr kiFet| Hat baRa† Cuƒet, ikǼ bR dUer ŸZ tu†, kKena paeba na Ÿjen† Ÿcey Taik, …kaÇ» Vpnar Ÿs† Velar idek, raetr …kakI VƒDaer ; Balbais, Vj Ÿtar Hat, Ÿs Aenk dUerr, AnY Ÿkan smeyr Haet Ÿtar Hat, Vmar AsHay inîPl Hat ta† VƒDar HateR ŸPer, Vy, men per Ÿs taraw kKn kaeC iCl, Vderr iCl, Balbasar iCl, Vj ta† … smyek ibday jainey, paiR id† Ÿkanw AtIt ba VgamIet, ikCuFa kaeCr ker Ÿpet Ÿs† taraek ,Ÿtaek, kæpna ŸHak, jadu ŸHak, Ùm ŸHak, kiF QeNr jnY cay Ÿtaek, kaeC|ŸZ kiF idn dUerr Ÿjenw Ÿcey ŸTekiC ,Š tarar idek, jaineyiC Vdr ,Ÿpãm,Ÿs kiF idenr ter , Ÿtaek kaeC ca†| Vlada ker ca†, ... Vmar ker ca†...|
  47. 47. peR pawya kibta s²Ib iSkdarceliClam…kakI …kaiketÔr saeT|k™iRey Ÿplam …kFukera kagj...…kFa kibta|P™ireyiCl pãeyajn kar›r kaeC,ŸceyiCl Duelay besntun pafk |jIben duePƒaFa ŸcaeKr jl...taek Ztþ ker pekeF puer ŸnebBalebes|Ger iPer Baƒj Kuel ŸdiKŸs Vr Ÿn†,ŸBes ŸgeC ASã›jel...ŸreK ŸgeC Vmar jnY ÷pÈnIl|
  48. 48. pâiTbIr meta AiBexk das…kFa pâiTbIr mt BalbasaotrI krel Ÿkmn Hy?Aenk§ela gãeHr mt Vrw …kFa gãHŸs† gãeHr r„ Ÿkmn?sUàZ idey Ÿdeb|Ÿs† gãeHr nam ik?manux ifk kreb|ŸsKaen kara Takeb?Ÿkn prIra?ŸsFa ik idey otrI?ibSÿas,inW÷aàTta,AnuBUit,ŸøH ...Vrw kt ik ,Za manux Ÿjenw jaen na !manux Ÿs† gãeH Zaeb ZKn pâiTbIettar baƒcar taigd cel Zaeb,Balbasa kem ZaebZuÁ Vseb|manux Ÿsidn gãeHr Velar isƒiR Der…ek Aperr V–ul Der ŸHeF Zaeb Ÿs† peTbuek VSar Vela iney Balbasar HatCainet ....
  49. 49. V§n AiniÆdta cYaFaiàjV§n ca†..V§n..menr meDY ŸZ V§nŸkn iniBey id† taek...Ÿkbl† Vepaexr iCeF idey ?raó»ar Daerr ngÈ iSìiFmar kaeC ŸceyiCl ik …kFu V§n ?ZaW! taw ik Hy?jiFl mn Ÿkbl† jiFlta ŸKƒaejZar iÃDa Ÿn†tar eta V§enr pãeyajnw Ÿn†...bYalkinr paeSr káx—cURaFay pirpUàN V§nw paeRr paglFa...ŸZ ibDatar saeT ŸbaeRr cal Ÿmlaet bYó»tarw ik V§enr pãeyajn Hy?na ŸbaDHy ..Zar muK VeC tar mueKaS ba V§nŸkanFar-†pãeyajn Hy na ...Vmar ik ŸbaD Hy ??ŸZidn ŸdKeb Vim.. Ÿn†^Ÿsidn Ÿjena..V§n ŸKeyiC...V§n HeyiC ...Vim|
  50. 50. ŸpãemRay ŸkOó»B B´acaàZY"car› Vim "Aml Heba-hakeba- "ebOfan...Gerr maiF niRey Ÿdeba-ga†eba JeRr gan^ikÜa Dera "Apu† Hlam-Ÿtamay Baelaebes..."ApàNa Hey "s„sarFa-Birey tuela …es^nyeta Vim "iniKl Heba-…kla Baelabasay-"ba†er tuim-SUnY "Ger-jageba Ÿtamar VSay^Hyeta "AiBZaºI Heba-bIrBUemr† rae•-pailey Zaeba-dujn imel-Vmar ŸmaFrkaer^"smaiÐ ny Ÿpãm Ÿjayaerr-sUcna …†Baeb,Buleba dujn-ŸkaTay iClam!…rper ik Heb ?…rperet kifn smaj-ŸKidey idel peT,cleba dujn-dujn …ka,Ÿpãemr-"mainkreT...^
  51. 51. Ba–enr smy pãItm daS §Ð …Fa Ba–enr smy, …Kn "w Kub inàdy,inàmm Hey Zay..... itl-itl ker geR Ÿtala sÚpàk §ela- maiFr saeT maiFr .. menr saeT menr...Za VƒkeR Taket cay,iSkeRr Hat dueFa,"w ŸJeR ŸPel Hœdy ŸTek …k inemex- Ÿkan pãsaDenr ŸbarKa na per... inàmm baó»b idey , stY idey | inejr …k VGaet† ŸSx ker sb, cel Zay AnY kšel ,AnY men, ntun suÆdr pâiTbIŸt| tbu Gr bƒaiD ..." wr paeS "w r menŸt†| ŸBe˜ Zawya Gr Vmar, Cad Ÿn†,Ÿdyal Ÿn†... Ÿn† Ÿkan pãiteraD, tbu "wr paeS daiRey.. Ÿraj Vmar Ger sÉYa pãdIp jÔaileyiC, janalay pàda laigeyiC, ŸBe– Zawya duyar Kanaet inîPl tala J™ileyiC| Hœdeyr Haet inejek sƒep idey … Vmar …k ŸbVbã› SalInta|
  52. 52. Cƒakin AiBexk das VkaeSr kamna-Ÿbdna Cƒakin idey ŸCƒek, jIbnek jIibt krar pãecña... maiJ puk™er ŸnOka bay... ndI tar BaFay VSÿas Ÿdy inrap¹ar matal pâiTbI ŸnSay cƒadek pãSÈ ker... Ÿkena tu† Baelabasil Vmay?... Ÿtamay ŸkOó»B B´acaàZY…kla menr …ktaraFa Ÿtamar suer† baej ,baˆl … mn Vnmna Hy, mn laegna kaej|Ÿtamar ŸcaeKr gHIn nedr inkx kaela jel,hub saƒtaer ŸpOƒCaet ca† etamar Hœdytel|Ÿtamar ŸfƒaeFr Ÿgalapdelr kr›N ibxNÈta,duWKiblax …kFu baRay Ÿtamar Ÿplbta|Ÿtamar buek sb ŸBalaena iSiSreBja ÷ad,hub idet ca† , silel ÷pen kaeF rat|Vmar menr icel Ÿkafay SuuDu† Ÿtamar bas,Vmar menr buena ŸGaRar Ÿtamar Haet† raS|Ÿpãm maen ta† samen Vmar tuim† daRaw …es,…† icifFa Vj ŸlKa ta† Ÿtamay Baelaebes|Ÿtamar AepQaet† Vmar SUNY Hœdybait,jÔailey ŸreK kaFa† Vmar SItl nIrb rait|
  53. 53. Ÿtar jnY ibº¡mij‡ cYaFaàjIŸtar jnY ‰Sÿr Het pair,ilKet pair Hajar gan|pãit sUeàZYr ŸgaDuil ....Vr pãit sÉYar VkaS|Zid Ÿtar kTa bel ..teb...Vimw taedr ŸSanay Vmar kTa,Ÿtar gan|Hajar sÉYa,Hajar ibekl,lQ gan..taw baik rey Zay ikCu kTa,Vrw ikCu gan....pãit bàxay pãTm ZKn bâiñ naem..tKn Ÿs Ÿtar kTa bel|iBej maiF ŸTek Ÿtar-† gÉ pa†,menr tâiÐ Ÿtar kTa men kray|taek tu† ŸBeb ìDa†...""iker men prl ?Ÿs bel ..""HƒYa,…lam bCr Guer...Baib ...bCr ?teb , Hajar sÉYa ,Hajar ibekl ,lQ gan ?buiJ tu† Ÿnas..…k Hajar …ktm sÉYa Ves,Vbar sUàZY Ÿhabarper,Vbar ŸSana† Ÿtar kTa, Ÿtar gan,dUerr VkaeSr nIec tu† ìnet pas na ik?
  54. 54. SYawlaViBexk dasVmar SYawla Draicelekafar Ÿdwyaelr mDYib¹ta ...Vmar Q™Å cawya pawya ..Vmar ˆeÀSYHIn jIbn Zapenr raetr Ÿkan …kAjana tara ...Vmar j„ Dra Paƒka paiKr Kaƒca ...Vmar cup ker Takar AeBYs ...sbuj bâiñr inàjn dupuer Ÿraedr saeT ŸGara ...Vr sb ikCu Buel igey ramDnu Hey VkaeS bukpata ...AÉ iBiKirek raó»a ŸdiKey ŸcaeKr jl ...Vr lYaÚpepaeör inec Cayar Aibram claePra ...iBÊ piriDr As„KY manuexr iBeR mui¹¡r Ÿcña ...jIbn na Hy ŸKals ŸTek Ÿbirey …kFu VelarinWSÿas inl ...iSkaerr Faen Aió»tÔ ŸbaJal ...Vr sdY ŸBja maiFr geÉ Ÿs† mUûeàt Vmaedr Hais…en idl ...Vmar Bal lagar baó»bta Ÿtamaedr Balbasa iCl ^
  55. 55. w† duiF ŸcaeKs²Ib iSkdarSaÇ» dIiGr jel-ŸgaDUil bataes imeliJikimik Vela-tara...luekacuir ŸKla cel|cupcap Ÿkan kTaHebna tbuw bYTa,ˆƒik idey Za† tbupãaeNr prSdel|Zab na sagrtIer...rb na taedr iBeR...÷¬C ŸctnaFuk™Vmaek baƒiDeC nIeR|…Kaen† ŸdeKiCelm÷epÈ kKena Vim,bes ViC isMt Hais,bataes raKal baƒSI|baˆelr srlta..…k buk gBIrta..Vmar iniëciÆdpurìDu w† duiF ŸcaeK|AÉjen idl Vela,mâtjen pãaN,ŸkaTaw laegin Bal…Kaen† Vmar óùan ||
  56. 56. iPer …esaŸsOmY ma†itŸgaDulIr mra Velagaey ŸmeKpåIj iPer …esa|iPer …sŸs† Ÿcna Ÿgalap gaCFar kaeC...Ÿs† Ÿcna P™l§ela VjVr Ÿn† ..ntun kƒ™iRra ŸtamarAepQay idn §neC ...iJƒiJƒ haek,AÉkaer ibxNÈta Jer|man-AiBmaenrcadr sireyŸPel Vsa sbbYTa Vr AiBman-Ÿk ihi–eyZid paerabuekr ŸBtr ŸmOnmuKrVelar ŸctnayDuey igeyŸgalap gaCFar idekŸcaK Ÿmel ideyaAÇ»t …kbar ...Vleta ŸCaƒyalagaibekelr VelaetŸdKeb Ÿs† Ÿgalaepr r„Vjw …k† rkm lal...taet Abak Hbar ikCu Ÿn†,ìDu Abak HebZKn ŸdKebtar kƒaFa§elawlal ...Vmar re¹¡,tuim ik Vbar cel Zaeb ?
  57. 57. †tó»t jIbnpãItm daS §Ð skal §ela ik rkm SItl óùibr Hey ŸgeC| Gum Ba–a Als ŸcaeK AkarN sUàZYFa- Vleta Vduer........ ŸradFaw ŸZn Kub Ÿmik...... mnFaek Vr ˆ¹ap idet pareC na| ìDu inWS× k™yaSar …k GumÇ» Velayan gaey.... … Vmar …k inëcup idnaitpat| tbu idn kaeF iden... Vela Hairey Zay, jIbenr ikCu AÉkar kana gilet|tbu w† Hlud ibekl §elaet......ZKn Ÿsana-ŸmeGr Velay sba† øan ker|skalFaek ibday jainey ,raetr AepQay...menr re– ker jlekil ŸKla|tKn Zid …kPail V§n kKnw paeS pa†|…kFu ˆx—ta,…kFu inëcyta....Za Vmaek sbuj idet paer..........DUsrtar cadr sirey|tbu ŸKalS ŸCeR Ÿbret parbna|…kFa Ajana By.....…† nrm ApFu HatFa pueR ŸZet paerba icr-SItl.....ta† Vbar VƒeFasaƒeFa Velayan gaey jRaena,menr V§nFaek paeS ŸreK,idenr VelaFar SÿasŸraD ker,Vera …kraS jbuTbu idnaitpat|
  58. 58. pâiTbI Ÿtar SaiÇ»kamnay AiBexk daspâiTbI Ÿtar SaiÇ»kamnay Vim Hairey ŸPeliC inejek...pâiTbI Vim Vmar DÕ„só»Uep VCeR ŸPeliC inejek...pâiTbI Vmar Babnar Ÿctnay tu† Vmar Baelabasa...pâiTbI Vmar ÷pÈ Ba–ar karKanay Ÿbƒec Takar †¬Ca...pâiTbI tu† sba†ek Baela raiKs , sbar Baela ŸHak...pâiTbI Vj saÇ»Ônar Baelabasay ABYó» nrk...pâiTbI Ÿtar dUxeN mn ŸBjaet pairin...pâiTbI S×HIn igFaer sur tulet pairin... pâiTbI Qma ker ids piTkek... ...Zara nrek Guer Guer iPreC...etar Hat Cƒuet paerin... VHÕan ibº¡mij‡ cYaFaàjIVj saraidn iBejiC ;VkaS Vj saraidn ŸkƒedeC,AeJaer.....jgetr duWeK bYak™ltay Ÿs kaÊa,bR pibº ,bR inàml,..ktidn per AeJaer iBej Vj pibº Hlam|ntun pãBaetr bàxay øat Vim...Vj SaÇ» ,tâÐ...ktFa pT ŸHƒeF Vj Kƒuej ŸpeyiC ,brxa ŸBja pTFa|nrm maiFr Ÿsƒada gÉFar saeT celiC ta†,celiC ŸBja SrIr Vr mnFaek Baelaebes|celiC jIbenr ÷ad ntun Baeb Ÿnwyar jnY|ntun pTFaw buiJ ba hakeC Vmay,Ÿtaek icen Ÿnbar jnY,iJelr jelr ýpÆdn Vr ŸBja peTr haek...seÚmaiHt Vim .....…igey cil|DIer DIer......,ikǼ iniëct …kntun sÉYar idek,..…k ntuntr jIbenr sÉaen...|
  59. 59. ˆƒik s²Ib iSkdardYaeKa Ÿkmn mareC ˆƒikHat lagael† jirbuiFsuÆdrek raKeb zaikbuiJ Ÿtar sb calaik^ŸcaK ca†eb mn ny-"br ca†eb-"friend nysuKI Hw padedeS-Sâ˜ibjy Baelaebes^Het paer sªkIàN-tbu dYaeKa Vim ˆdar-raiK na† kaera jenYKuilyaiC mm Ãar^ŸcaK VeC muKpaen-mn VeC paenr Ÿdakaen-cƒad ŸGaer- pâiTbIwibjiynI HaseC men;tuim idel gàbsuK-kirna pãkaS ŸkaTaw-Zid Cƒuet caw ˆ‡smuK-Kaw Hama§iR Kaw...^
  60. 60. ÷epÈr ŸPirŸkOó»B B´acaàZY"you may say that I am a dreamer,but I am not the only one.And one day you will join us-And the world will be just one".sb kTa ŸSx Hey ŸgelpâiTbIFa ZKn sat bueRar …k bueRa HebtKn gan Ÿgey Zabntun pâiTbIrileK Zab kibta ik„ba A-kibtaVmaedr kTa Vmaedr mt…ƒek Ÿdb Cib kYanBaes ik„ba kYaemrayŸdKeb eta mn ?ìnebeta ?Baela ŸTeka P™lAiniÆdta cYaFaà°IŸtar jnY ŸcaeKr jl...gBIr raet missed callŸtar jnY CÆd ibHIn pdY||Ÿtar jnY Haèa nIl ...Ÿtar jnY dar›n feelŸtar jnY gan ileKiC sdY||ŸmeGr iSìr Haet mail...Ÿtar jnY patal ŸrlŸtar jnY BIxn HenY H†^He¬C jYaÇ» ŸPaenr bill..."iPriB HYay †ey idlŸkmn ker Ÿs† kTa Fa k† ??
  61. 61. dupatay duinyalanguage.......oooooohhh!!!!!!!!!The first ten days in Finland was more like staying among mylong-known friends. With Riikka, Tommy, Elina and Javier, andmany others, it was like a home away from home. At times, a sudden brush of cold moist air against my face, orthe new faces among the leaves of the early fall, with theirtransient colors from lemon yellow, to orange, and quietlymarching towards bronze-red, trying to catch my attention, theweighing machine at the vegetable store, or the automaticopening of the doors at the shopping malls, the unfamiliar facesof the coins at the same old familiar wallet, and the contrastingpicture of the roadside cafes against the lantern lit tea-shops,where I made much of my life, reminded me of the alien placethat I belong to, now. In a wink, it flooded me with the memoriesthat I have left back across the oceans and the seas….it filledme with all the pain with which I had to leave my cosy littlecountry and crossed the hills and vales to land amidst some newfaces…..but it was again, the warmth of these faces and theirsmiles and the way they took care of me, that I started to nurturea strong feeling that I am protected and cocooned by some dearones, and I was not very wrong!With these colorful few initial days passing by like silver cloudsacross a full moon, the day soon came when I had to leave forSpain for my academic purposes, and the hour came when Itook the flight from Helsinki, my destination being Barcelona. Theonly assets I carried along were the beautiful memories of thepast few days, Javier and Elinas Spanish classes(!), a Spanishto English dictionary, and the print-out paper of the how-to-go-to-the-concerned-office, which I received by e-mail from myprofessor at the University of Lleida, Spain, leaving aside myluggage, which was hardly an asset!
  62. 62. As I landed at the Barcelona airport, I could sense a cloud of"being-a-foreigner" and being-an-alien" gradually forming aroundme!! This eerie sense of alone ness tried to eclipse me, andgrew more as I looked at the instruction boards, heard theannouncements and looked into the eyes of the people aroundme. As per instructions from my University, I was supposed totake a train to a station called Barcelona Sants. I came out of theairport and looked for the signs, and thanks to the pictorialguides on the boards, I managed to find the lane for the trainstation!Now was the time to buy a ticket for the train and at the counter Iwas frantically searching for a paper and a pen, so that I couldwrite the name of my destination station and the number of ticketthat I wanted. Well, this time I passed my test, might be not witha distinction, and at least got a ticket to board the train. I waspretty, if not sure, but praying for the announcements in train tobe in English…..but, oh my good Lord, I could hear threelanguages been spoken through the microphone, and thebeautiful invisible lady, being totally unaware of my presence didnot care to speak a single word in English! One of my co-passengers in the compartment was a man from either Korea orJapan or Malayasia, or I dont know where, but I had an intuitionthat he can know English. I requested him to make me awarewhen my destination arrives. He, thankfully, did so, and I finallygot down from the train; but, hold here, this not the end of thestory, or my adventure. As per the direction in the paper, I had totake a taxi to the office of the Provincial Council of Barcelona,where I had to meet my boss. I came out of the station and waslooking around to get some taxis, but in vain. Then desperate tomake my trip a fruitful one, I approached a man who wascrossing the road and asked him, rather shouted in front of him"TAXI,,,,TAXI", and I dont know what he understood, he took meby the hand and brought me in front of the taxi-queue. All I couldsay to him was "GRACIAS!" before he disappeared amidst thecrowd.Suddenly, I saw an old friendly face peeping out from the frontseat of one of the taxis, and he approached me, took my luggageand asked something, which I could guess, was surely an
  63. 63. enquiry about my destination. So I happily showed him thewritten document of my "fate" i.e. the address where I wassupposed to go.He dropped me in front of the office (I could see the board saying"Diputacio de Barcelona”) and helped me with my luggage, andwaved "ADIOS"!Another test was awaiting me and that was a real tough one(well each one succeeded the other in toughness!). My next stepwas to find out my boss, Mr. Jordi Soler. I saw an informationcentre and asked the person over there that I wanted to meet Mr.Soler, showed him in writing, but again, in vain! Then anotherworker, taking pity on me, came towards me to help. I wasoverwhelmed that at last I had found somebody who knewEnglish……but, oh no! He came with all his help inCatalan!!!!(the dialect that they speak in this part, which is prettydifferent from Spanish)Then, desperate, frustrated, drained, and "everything-bad-on-earth" me, shouted in Bengali, "ami Jordi Soler er sathe dekhakorbo, niye jaben ektu?"(I want to meet Jordi Soler, can youplease take me to him?) And, to my utter surprise, he took me toJordi Soler, who was anxiously waiting for me sincemorning!!!!!!!!Then passed many more days, struggling through many newfaces, and now I understand a little bit of Catalan, and my friendsover here understand a little bit of English, and we cancommunicate quite well, and we all are enjoying the experience..But one thing that I learnt from this whole experience is that ,may be, mother tongue brings such an expression on ones face,the message gets conveyed to the other person, and languagehardly matters; thats how my Bengali worked thousands of milesaway from Bengal!
  64. 64. I really cannot end this without mentioning about the realizationthat has dawned upon me………..I work in the forests in andaround Barcelona. Since I had come here, I had faced so much"trouble" with the languages people speaks, but I never facedany problem with the language that the forest "speaks". The firsttime I entered the forest, I had a feeling, she is a long lost friend,whom I was bound to meet, and she had been waiting toembrace me in the soft peaceful shelter of the foliage since thetime she had been standing…… Its the universal language thatshe speaks, and you will understand it if you love forest, respecther and feel one with her. You would need no dictionary tofathom the light whisper of the gentle breeze through the leavesor the murmur of the ribbon-stream flowing against thepebbles……its a PROMISE!BINGA!--Shreejata GuptaFaculty of ForestryUniversity of JoensuuFinland
  65. 65. iHijibij narIcirtbàNn AiBexk rœÅpalpãZui¹¡gt ikCu AsuibDar kareN…† ŸlKaiF bàtmaen Capa Ÿglna| Vlada Baeb ŸlKaiFr linkŸdwya Hl| …† º›iFr jnYVmra duWiKt ....
  66. 66. galgæp ŸkOó»B B´acaàZY (1)(…† gæpFar Babna Vr icÇ»a ŸkaenaFa† kipra†F Ÿnwya ny-"VnÆdbajarpiºkar mHaxòIr ibeSx Ÿº¡aRpº "meàtY Vgmnr pata ˆeæF paeæFŸnwya|gæpFaw ŸbS i£eS-karN gæpFar cirº§elar VeSpaeS †itˆitsbsmey† Vgmn-gmn|tbu smy Ÿpel …kbar ˆeæF ŸdKet paern|gæpFaŸbiskYail …kFa irma†¸ar Vr ik|)supairSFa ˆeæF paeæF ŸdbI ŸbS ibisMt Heln|itn Bur›† …kFu kƒucekŸgela|teb itin ikna jgnMata-…eta Aeæp Ÿreg wfa tar saejna-ta†ŸFibl ŸTek muKFa tuel nÆdIek ijegaeln-"ik bYapar bleta muKepaRa?"Ve¯ ma jnnI Ÿssb Vpin taedir ìeDan-Vmar Haet Ÿta w† daib tueltara Ÿdaerr ŸgaRay Ja¸a ŸgƒeRec|"tu† …edr meDY Ÿn†?"Ve¯ iCW iCW,ik ŸZ beln ma jnunI-…† babar maTar idibY-"KaemaKa wnaek iney FanaFain ki¬cs Ÿkena Ÿr bld?inejr idibY kaFú|"Ve¯ ma jnunI-ŸZ Ve¯-…† Vmar maTa Cƒuey blic-Vmar bel babar Ÿpsadna Ÿpel raet duecaeKr pata …k Het† cayna"dur H muKepaRa-…† Ÿtaedr jÔalay …kFa idn Zid Ba„ bÆd Ÿrekic Ÿta-ratBr Ÿcƒaya Ÿzƒk™r tulebn-Z¹sb AlaeÑey BUt-"Ve¯ ma jnunI-"Vbar Ve¯ ma jnunI-ŸdbI muK JamFa ideln-"ta Ÿs§ela Ÿkatay?"Ve¯ w† ŸZ k†lum Ÿdaerr ŸgaRay-"c Ÿdik ik blar Vec taedr(2)…tQeN …Fa inëcy pirïar HeyeC pafk-ŸZ gæpFa ŸdbI dSBUjar s„saerrŸkaena VBYÇ»rIN ŸkaÆdl s„º¡aÇ»-ŸZFa ŸnHa‡ † ÷àgIy Vr Vmaedr sàbeBdInakiFr jnYw dueàBdY-teb …kiF sàbBartIy cYaenl "Vj Fkúr (VjekrFk-Jal smó» †suY iney† Zaedr talk)ikCu AsmsaHsI sa„baidk Hyeta ŸnHa‡odbbel† Ÿs† Kberr samanY ikCu ra†Fús ikBaeb s„gãH keriCeln ŸsFatƒara† jaenn-tƒara pãatWsMrNIy|na Hel …† gæpFaw idenr Velar muKŸdKetana|HeyeCFa ik ŸdbI Vr tƒar sÇ»anaidr pƒac baHn ZTaº¡em-is„H,Ÿpƒca,H„s,myUr…b„ †ƒdur tƒaedr dabI iney …kiF 48GÆFar bnúD ŸhekeC|bnúeDr smyFawŸmaQm-ifk mHap‚mIr pãatWkael-…b„ Ÿsidn raet† ŸdbIr sdel meàtYVgt Hwyar inàGÆF pãó¼t|bnúeDr muKY †suY AnuZayI tara meàtY ŸpƒOeCAnYbaerr meta …baer me‚ VbÁ Taket Ain¬Cuk|taedr ikCu paeàsanal

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