Individual behaviour


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Individual behaviour

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION Human behaviour a complex phenomenon as it is most difficult to define in absolute terms. An individuals behaviour may change due to a change in the same environment or exposure to a different environment. Different people
  2. 2. Factors which influence individualbehaviour are………………………PERSONAL FACTORSENVIRONMENTAL FACTORSORGANISATIONAL FACTORS
  4. 4. BIOGRAPHICALCHARACTERISTICS Physical characteristics Age Gender Religion Marital status Experience Intelligence Ability
  5. 5. LEARNEDCHARACTERISTICSPersonalityPerceptionAttitudeValues
  6. 6. BIOGRAPHICALCHARACTERISTICS Physical characteristics: Some of these characteristics are related to height, skin, complexion, vision, shape and size of nose, weight etc. Age: Age is considered to be an inherited characteristic because it is determined by date of birth. Gender: Being a male or female is genetic in nature and it is considered
  7. 7. BIOGRAPHICALCHARACTERISTICS Religion: The religion and culture also determine attitudes towards financial incentives. People who are highly religious are supposed to have high moral values,eg; they are honest they do not tell lies or talk ill of others. Marital status: There are not enough studies to draw any conclusion as to
  8. 8. BIOGRAPHICALCHARACTERISTICS Experience: Work experience is considered to be a good indicator of employee productivity. Research indicates that there is a positive relationship between seniority and job performance. Intelligence: It is considered that intelligence is an inherited quality. Intelligence can be enhanced with efforts, hard work, proper
  9. 9. BIOGRAPHICALCHARACTERISTICS Ability: Ability refers to the capacity or capability of an individual to perform the various tasks in a job. Two types ability of an individual are;o Intellectual abilityo Physical ability
  10. 10. LEARNEDCHARACTERISTICS Personality: Personality generally refers to personal traits such as dominance, aggressiveness, persistence and other qualities reflected through a person’s behaviour. Perception: It is a process by which information enters our minds and is interpreted in order to give some
  11. 11. LEARNEDCHARACTERISTICS Attitude: Attitude is just like perception but with a frame of reference. It is a tendency to act in a certain way, either favourably or unfavourably concerning objects, people or events. Values: Values determine what is right and what is wrong, where right or wrong is interpreted in terms of
  12. 12. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORSExternal factors are Economic Factors Socio- cultural Factors Political Factors Legal Environment
  13. 13. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS The behaviour of an individual is affected to a large extent by the economic environment. The economic factors are; Employment Level Wage Rates General Economic Environment Technological Development
  14. 14. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS Socio- cultural Factors :The social environment of an includes his relationship with family members, friends, colleagues, supervisors and subordinates. Political Factors: The political idea logy of a country affects the individual behaviour through the relative freedom available to its
  15. 15. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS Legal Environment: Rules and laws are formalized and written standards of behaviour. Both rules laws are strictly enforced by the legal system.
  16. 16. ORGANISATIONALFACTORS Physical Facilities: Some of the factors are influence individual behavior are noise level, heat , light, nature of job etc. Organization Structure And Design: The behaviour and performance of the individual is influenced by where that person fits into the organizational hierarchy.
  17. 17. ORGANISATIONAL FACTORS Leadership: The system of leadership is established by the management to provide direction, assistance, advice and coaching to individuals. Reward System: The behaviour and performance of the individuals is also influenced by the reward system established by the
  18. 18. CONCLUSION Behaviour can be considered as an input-output system. This concept assumes that behaviour is not simply a random phenomenon but is goal directed so that a measurable correlation exists between the goals behaviour. Behaviour is related to performance and productivity. Performance is a reflection of three
  19. 19. ANITHA M JOHNY