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  1. 1. LatinoImmigrationand EducationArnoldo Curiel and Kristy Otte
  2. 2. About the presenters:Kristy Otte Arnoldo
  3. 3. Presentation Outline● Terms● Activity● Latino immigration history in the U. S.● Immigration trends in Minnesota● Educational implications● Closing
  4. 4. Diversity within Latino community… A An Americana heritage Mexicanto the USA to People whoMexico.descent heritageLatin America. citizen of have a cultural born in related of Mexican having citizen of related descent.Mexican and who Spain. primarily speak English.Mexican-AmericanHispanicLatinoChicano Photo courtesy of Arnoldo Curiel. Used with permission.
  5. 5. ActivityAnticipation Guide1. Log in: m.socrative.com2. Wait for prompt.
  6. 6. #1True/ FalseI understand the history of Latinoimmigration.
  7. 7. #2True/FalseMy school meets the needs of its Latinostudents.
  8. 8. #3True/FalseLatino students have access to the sameopportunities and resources as otherstudents.
  9. 9. #4Short AnswerWhat would make school a more successfulplace for Latino students?
  10. 10. History of Latino Immigration tothe U.S What happened to the Mexicans living in the territory that was taken by the USA?
  11. 11. Early Immigration1849: California Gold Rush ○ Americans flocked westward and Mexicans moved north to find gold ○ Mexican Americans often lost their land to the newcomers“The California Gold Rush” from the American History frieze in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda. Courtesy of TheArchitect of the Capitol.
  12. 12. Early Immigration● 1900 -1910 1 million The Robert Runyon Photograph Collection, [00156], courtesy of The Center immigrants● 1910 - Revolution in Mexico resulted in widespread for American History, The University of Texas at Austin. violence; many fled Mexico in search of safety in the United States● Strong US economy meant jobs were available
  13. 13. Early Immigration ● 1920’s - After WW I, USA restricted the number of European immigrants ● Short of labor, US government and businesses actively encouraged Mexican immigration ● 1980s - 1990sLibrary of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, George Grantham 700,000 ImmigrantsBain Collection, LC-USZ62-97491 per year
  14. 14. Poverty in Latin America Over half of Latin people live in poverty ○ Overcrowded homes ○ Huts with dirt floors ○ No running water, no toilets ○ No electricity ○ No beds, no furniture ○ Malnutrition, hungerSueno by Diego Rivera. Used with permission.
  15. 15. Why do Latinos want to come to the USA?● Economy is better in the USA● To improve the lives of family members— better jobs and education● Better health care Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, FSA-OWI Collection, LC-USF34-016792-C
  16. 16. Why do Latinos want to come tothe USA? ● For women— greater protection under the laws and more opportunities for education & jobs ● At times, to escape violence at home ● To escape extreme poverty La Molendera by Diego Rivera. Used with permission.
  17. 17. Minnesota TrendsOn St.Pauls WestSide
  18. 18. Latino immigration to MinnesotaLatinos in Minnesota: Cuban 2,527 Guatemala 1,684 Mexican 95,613 Puerto Rican 6,616 Salvadoran 2,005 (MN Census of 2000)
  19. 19. Minnesota Immigration RatesBetween 1990 and 2000 the immigrantpopulation increased by more than 130%,compared with a 57% rise nationwide.The 2010 Census shows a 75% increase inthe Hispanic population in Minnesota since2000 (State Demographic Center).
  20. 20. Minnesotawork ● housing L ○ agriculture ○ affordable ○ factories ○ social ○ labor services● schools ○ programs ● family ○ magnetgs
  21. 21. Minnesota = Ellis Island?
  22. 22. Minnesota Schools●Since 2003, the Latino student body continues to grow at approximately 6% per year in Minnesota. ● % increase Latino students
  23. 23. Achievement Gap in MinnesotaA clear disparity exists between Latinostudents and their white counterparts.Minnesota has one of the lowest graduationrates in the country for Latinos at 53%.
  24. 24. Challenges for students in K-12 ○ societal ○ political ○ cultural
  25. 25. Educational Implications K-12● Programs for academic achievement● Programs for retention● Advocacy and outreach
  26. 26. Educational Implications -college
  27. 27. Educational Implications -college
  28. 28. Recommendations● Culturally Responsive Teaching● Sheltered Instruction for English Learners (ELs) or co-taught content courses● Bilingual, transitional bilingual, language support● The Dream Act ○ 2012 Election
  29. 29. Questions?Access the presentation at :
  30. 30. ResourcesAmerican Memory: Historical Collections of the National Digital Library.Immigration – Mexican. Updated 2003. Retrieved from the Internet April 2004(, K. (2006). State and local policy response to immigration in Minnesota.Hubert H. Humphrey Institute. Report to the Century Foundation, University ofMinnesota.Gonzales, Manuel G. Mexicanos: A History of Mexicans in the United States.Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1999.Lustig, Nora. Poverty in Mexico: An Empirical Analysis. January 1993. Retrievedfrom the Internet April 2004 (
  31. 31. ResourcesLustig, Nora. Poverty in Mexico: An Empirical Analysis. January 1993. Retrievedfrom the Internet April 2004 ( Census Bureau. Hispanic Origin Population Density. Retrieved from theInternet December 2003 ( Department of State. Country Studies – Mexico, June 1996. Retrieved from theInternet March 2004 ( Census Results. StateDemographic Center.