Creating Awareness On Dental Problems


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This profession deals with the inspection and treatment of teeth, gums and other parts of the oral cavity

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Creating Awareness On Dental Problems

  1. 1. Presented By Dr. Satish Kumar Kotha (Dental surgeon & Implantologist)
  2. 2. This profession deals with the inspection and treatment of teeth, gums and other parts of the oral cavity. A dentist especially takes care of problems affecting the teeth. Common procedures are removal, correction and replacement of decayed, damaged or lost teeth. contd..
  3. 3. With an increasing awareness of oral health the introduction of new fields like….  Dental Implants : A dental implant is an artificial tooth root that is surgically anchored into your bone to hold a replacement tooth or bridge in place.  Periodontics : care of gums and the diseases that might afflict them  Orthodontics : straightening and aligning teeth and jaws have all enhanced the scope in this field.
  4. 4.  Dental caries(cavities)  Gum diseases(gingivites)  Impacted tooth(wisdom tooth problem)  Grossly decayed tooth(broken/infected tooth)  Root canal Treatment  Halitosis(bad breath)  Crooked tooth (irregular tooth)  Fibrosis of cheek mucosa(OSF)  Missing tooth(Replacing of missing tooth)
  5. 5.  Tooth decay is a common disorder, second only to the common cold. It usually occurs in children and young adults but can affect any person. Tooth decay is a common cause of tooth loss in younger people.  Bacteria are normally found in your mouth. These bacteria change foods -- especially sugar and starch -- into acids. Bacteria, acid, food pieces, and saliva combine in the mouth to form a sticky substance called plaque. Plaque sticks to the teeth. It is most common on the back molars, just above the gum line on all teeth, and at the edges of fillings.
  6. 6.  Gingivitis ("inflammation of the gum tissue") is a non-destructive periodontal disease.  It is The most common form of gingivitis, and the most common form of periodontal disease overall, is in response to bacterial biofilms (also called plaque) adherent to tooth surfaces.  In the absence of treatment, gingivitis may progress to periodontitis, which is a destructive form of periodontal disease
  7. 7.  A wisdom tooth, is usual known third molars.  Wisdom teeth usually appear between the ages of 16 and 25.  Most adults have four wisdom teeth, but it is possible to have fewer or more, in which case the extras are called supernumerary teeth.  Wisdom teeth commonly affect other teeth as they develop, becoming impacted or "coming in sideways." They are often extracted when this occurs
  8. 8.  Root canal, is a sequence of treatment for the pulp of a tooth which results in the elimination of infection and protecting the tooth from future microbial invasion.  This set of procedures is commonly referred to as a Root canal Treatment(RCT).  Root canals and their associated pulpchamber are the physical hollows within a tooth that are naturally inhabited by nerve tissue, blood vessels and other cellular entities.
  9. 9.  Halitosis, colloquially called bad breath, is a symptom where a noticeably unpleasant odor is present on the exhaled breath.  Concern about halitosis is estimated to be the third most frequent reason for people to seek dental care, following dental caries (tooth decay) and periodontal disease (gum disease),and about 20% of the general population are reported to suffer from it to some degree.
  10. 10.  The most common cause of bad breath is the food you eat. Garlic, onions, some kinds of fish, and diets rich in fat and meat can all result in halitosis.  When these foods are digested, volatile substances or chemicals are absorbed into your bloodstream and are carried to your lungs where they are exhaled in your breath.
  11. 11.  Because there is no flow of saliva during sleep, putrefaction (decomposition or rotting) of saliva and debris in the mouth can lead to bad breath in the morning.  Smoking , alcohol, dentures, mouth breathing…..  periodontal or gum disease that causes teeth to become loose, thereby creating bad breath  chronic lung or sinus infections  mouth infections such as thrush (candidiasis)  systemic diseases such as diabetes, liver disease, or kidney disorders  pregnancy  not brushing or flossing regularly
  12. 12.  This treatment corrects the irregularities of your teeth. Teeth in irregular position lead to an undesirable appearance, and smile.  To correct such problems, one has to go through this treatment. Wires and brackets help to move teeth from their current position to the correct position.  Orthodontic treatment helps in improving the oral health condition and facial bone development too.
  13. 13.  Oral Sub mucous Fibrosis (OSF) is a chronic, complex, irreversible, highly potent pre-cancerous condition characterized by epithelial inflammatory reaction and progressive fibrosis of the submucosal tissues .  As the disease progresses, the jaws become rigid to the point that the sufferer is unable to open his mouth. The condition is linked to oral cancers
  14. 14.  Having good oral hygiene is important as we use our mouth many times in our daily life. Most importantly we all would all like to have clean white teeth and fresh breath.  So how can one maintain good oral hygiene?  Brushing regularly: Brushing removes leftover food particles from between teeth, thus helping prevent tooth decay. Brush twice a day and most importantly before you go to sleep.  Good diet: This is most important for healthy gums and teeth. Foods rich in calcium and iron are good for strength and stability, and drinking water is to be observed too. Avoid sugary foods and candy, and junk should be a no-no. Moderate your intake of coffee and wine, as staining of teeth is likely to occur with too much consumption of these.
  15. 15.  Avoid Tobacco: This is mainly due to smoking, and apart from its hazardous side effects, tobacco and tar in the smoke stain the teeth and make your breath stink. Mouth cancer can also occur due to the cancerous elements found in smoke.  Floss regularly: Though not common practice to a lot of people, flossing removes food particles that may be lodged between teeth. These particles decay and cause plaque if left unchecked. Floss daily if you can, and ask your dentist for what type of floss to use, and in some cases, how to go about it.
  16. 16.  Regular visits to the dentist: This is important as your dentist can keep progress of your overall oral health, and advice appropriately should a particular situation occur. Visit your dentist for every 6 months.  Replace tooth brushes: Toothbrushes tend to wear out after some time, and should be replaced every 2 months. A worn out one is not effective in cleaning your teeth, and should be discarded.
  17. 17.  Proper brushing takes at least two - three minutes —To properly brush your teeth, use short, gentle strokes, paying extra attention to the gumline, hard-to-reach back teeth and areas around fillings, crowns or other restoration. Concentrate on thoroughly cleaning each section as follows:  Clean the outer surfaces of your upper teeth, then your lower teeth  Clean the inner surfaces of your upper teeth, then your lower teeth  Clean the chewing surfaces  For fresher breath, be sure to brush your tongue, too
  18. 18.  Tilt the brush at a 45° angle against the gumline and sweep or roll the brush away from the gumline.
  19. 19.  Gently brush the outside, inside and chewing surface of each tooth using short back-and-forth strokes.
  20. 20.  Gently brush your tongue to remove bacteria and freshen breath.
  21. 21.  A dental implant is a "root like" device, usually made of titanium, used to support restorations that resemble a tooth or group of teeth to replace missing teeth.  Dental implants will fuse with bone; Dental implants can be used to support a number of dental prostheses, including crowns,implant- supported bridges or dentures.They can also be used as anchorage for orthodontic tooth movement.