Marijuana in Rastafarian and Shiva Culture


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Marijuana in Rastafarian and Shiva Culture

  1. 1. Cannabis: Rastafarians Vs. Shaivas By Alex Korn
  2. 2. Rastafarian Background <ul><li>“ messianic religio-political movement” </li></ul><ul><li>Began in the 1920’s and 30’s </li></ul><ul><li>Founded in Jamaica by Marcus Garvey </li></ul><ul><li>Presents its followers with the message of Black pride and freedom from oppression </li></ul><ul><li>Source: </li></ul>
  3. 3. Rastafarian Background Cont. <ul><li>Leonard Howell takes command of movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advocated: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hate for the white race, and superiority for the black race </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Revenge on the whites for their wickedness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Preparation for the black races’ return to Africa </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These were the extreme principles of the Rastafarian movement, which were later taken less seriously as the movement developed more </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Source: </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Modern Day Rastafarian Beliefs <ul><li>Haile Selassie I is the Living God. </li></ul><ul><li>The Black person is the reincarnation of ancient Israel, who, at the hand of the White person, has been in exile in Jamaica </li></ul><ul><li>The White person is inferior to the Black person </li></ul><ul><li>Jamaica is hell; Ethiopia is heaven </li></ul><ul><li>The Invincible Emperor of Ethiopia is now arranging for expatriated persons of African origin to return to EthiopiaIn the near future </li></ul><ul><li>Blacks shall rule the world </li></ul><ul><li>Source: </li></ul>
  5. 5. Rastafarians: Cannabis <ul><li>Psalm 104:14: &quot;He causeth the grass for the cattle and herb for the service of man.&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Rastafarians use much textual support for their use of Marijuana, which is for medicinal purposes and ritualistic purposes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Source: </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Rastafarian: Cannabis Rituals <ul><li>“ The Reasoning” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A formal gathering where Rastas gather around, engage in smoking, and discuss various things </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Begins with the pipe or “chalice” being lit and passed around as one member recites a prayer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Areas of life are discussed and it ends when everyone departs </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Source: </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Rastafarian Medicinal Cannabis Use <ul><li>The Rastafarians reject the use of all modern medicine and therefore lean on Marijuana for their medicinal needs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Will use it to treat a variety of common ailments such as the cold, fever, stomach ache, the “runs”, and even as a mild pain killer </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Rastafarian Cannabis Rituals Cont.
  9. 9. Hinduism: Shiva <ul><li>Hinduism has many gods, but there are three that are considered to be the greatest: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brahma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shiva </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vishnu </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Hinduism: Shiva <ul><li>Hinduism has many sects of followers, with followers of Shiva being called “Shaivas” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Followers of Shiva believe that it is the Supreme God that creates and destroys the cosmos at will </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yoga and asceticism are emphasized as a strong part of this doctrine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Source: </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Shiva and Cannabis <ul><li>It is said that Shiva would find shade under the leaf of a Cannabis plant </li></ul><ul><li>To meditate and worship their deity Shiva, many Shaivas will make a mixture of milk and cannabis called Bhang to drink </li></ul><ul><li>They will also smoke “ganja” out of a chillum to receive the same religious effect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Followers will do this and walk around endlessly trying to become one with Shiva </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Source: </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Shiva and Cannabis Cont. <ul><li>Cannabis is considered by some to be one of the five holy plants in the Hindu religion </li></ul><ul><li>It is said that when the elixir of life (Soma) was created, a drop of it hit the ground and created the cannabis plant </li></ul><ul><li>Many Hindus are unaware of the use of Cannabis and most disdain it, but Hindu priests will say Cannabis and only Cannabis is acceptable to use, whereas, alcohol and all other substances are not </li></ul><ul><li>Source: </li></ul>
  13. 13. Shiva and Cannabis
  14. 14. Shaivas and Rastafarians: Similarities in Cannabis use <ul><li>Both use cannabis for ritualistic purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Cannabis was created at the beginning of time by God (Shiva or the Rastafarian God) to be used by man </li></ul><ul><li>Both use Chillums to ingest it </li></ul><ul><li>Rastafarians call the best female weed “Kali” which in Hindu is the dark form of Shiva’s wife Parvati </li></ul>
  15. 15. Differences in Cannabis Use <ul><li>The Shaivas have three different types of ganja, all with different purposes, while the Rastafarians are far less specific on how they ingest it </li></ul><ul><li>Cannabis use is widely accepted in Rastafarian culture, while in the Hindu culture aside from Shaivas and priests, cannabis use is looked down upon </li></ul><ul><li>Other medicines are accepted in the Hindu culture whereas in the Rastafarian culture, Cannabis is the one and only medical solution to all problems, physical and mental </li></ul>