production managemnet technology


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production managemnet technology

  1. 1. Koppula. Chandrasekhar 1st M.B.A-13491E0037 QIS COLLEGE OF Engineering & Technology Venga mukala palem,ongole-523002, Prakasam (Dt), A.P Production Technology Management
  2. 2. Abstract: The aim of this thesis was to map the technology activities in production management . It is difficult to analyze the technology factors affecting on production. Ours is a vast country with various religions, caste, sub-caste, languages, culture, etc. Each of these factors operates at different levels & art different places. A reporting study was done in order to get as much data as possible for the management analysis in the production. Reporting study is often done in order to get a summation of some data. For this paper there was plenty of data that was found which could help with the analyses. The biggest problem was to determine what data was most relevant for this paper and what data could be trusted. When a search was done for some empirical research papers about the production technology management.
  3. 3. Competitiveness has made organizations to make a continuing attempt to improve manufacturing. These improvements include meeting the needs of customer, increasing volumes of output, improving product quality and reducing product costs. For a manufacturing company, Advanced Manufacturing Technology (AMT) is the answer. However, does technology have any value if it is not applied? Many researchers believe that science and technology are crucial to produce globally competitive products. But developing a competitive advantage in the global marketplace depends less on the ability to develop new science or technologies than on the ability The Purpose of the paper is to study the role of technology in production management, and to identify the Advantages and disadvantages in production system.
  4. 4. Production is a process of combining various material inputs and immaterial inputs in order to make something for consumption. It is the act of creating output, a good or service which has value and contributes to the utility of individuals. Technology comprises both machines (hard technology) and scientific thinking (soft technology) used to solve problems and promote. It consist of not only knowledge and methods required to carry on and improve production and distribution of goods and services but also entrepreneurial expertise and professional know how.
  5. 5. Types of technology 1.Product technology 2.Process technology 3.Informatio n technology Ex:-Cars, computers, and televisions Ex:-lower costs , faster delivery, and better quality Ex:- bar codes, RIFD(track goods, electronic data processing, e- mail, instant messaging, and the internet.)
  6. 6. Types of technology Abbreviation Just-in-time manufacturing JIT Manufacturing resources planning MRPII Computer integrated manufacturing CIM Robotics Robot Computer aided manufacturing CAM Flexible manufacturing cells FMC Bar code inventory tracking BARCODE Computer numerically controlled machining CNC Computer aided design CAD Automated process monitoring APM Automated material handling AMH Closed loop process control LOOP
  7. 7. Processing Technologies (CIAF) 1. Computer numerically controlled machining (CNC)  A traditional machine tool such as a lather or a grinder that is used to turn, drill, or grind different parts into space. A computer that controls the type and sequence of operations performed by the machine. 2.Industrial Robots These are programmable machines that are designed to handle materials or tools in the performance of a variety of tasks. Robots are often used to replace workers in repetitive manual activities that are dangers, uncomfortable, or dirty. Robots are used in automobile factories to weld components together, in food processing plants to remove defective items, and in numerous other applications.
  8. 8. 3.Automated material handling system  These systems use computer-controlled equipment to move, package, and store products. Automated Storage and Retrieval System ( AS/RS) Automated Guided Vehicle (AGV) 4.Flexible manufacturing system (FMS) oThis system consists of a combination of several individual pieces of equipment that allows materials to be automatically loaded, unloaded, and shaped at matching centers equipped with CNC machine tools that can perform multiple operations.
  9. 9. 5c’s for Design Technologies 1. Computer –Aided Engineering (CAE) 2. Computer –Aided Process Planning (CAE) 3. Computer –Aided Design (CAD) •It is used evaluate the engineering characteristics of a part or product by computing stresses, manufacturing parameters and other technical information  it is software that helps to plan manufacturing processes by analyzing different routing alternatives to streamline the flow of work-process through the plant. CAD can be defined as the use of computer systems to assist in the creation ,modification, analyses, or optimization of a design.
  10. 10. 4. Computer –Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) 5. Computer –Aided Manufacturing (CAM) a. Computer Monitoring and Control b. Manufacturing Support Applications CIM is automated version of the manufacturing process, where three major manufacturing functions . a. Product and Process Design. b. Planning and Control c. Manufacturing Process. CAM can be defined as the use of computer system to plan, manage and control the operations of a manufacturing plant through either direct or indirect computer interface with the plant’ production resource.
  11. 11. Administrative technologies Administrative technologies are those that track ,record, and analyze the information that is required for manufacturing activates. Manufacturing Requirements Planning (MRP) consist of interconnected software packages that may include forecasting, master scheduling, order entry, engineering data , bills of material, maintains, purchasing, and receiving/distribution capabilities.
  12. 12. Advantages of Technology Management 1.Incresed Machine Utilization 2.Sheduling flexibility •Due to computer-based operation of systems, it is possible to have high machine utilization in systems. Technologies often permits organizations to have flexibility in scheduling various work orders as it enables them to react to changes effectively. By use of technology, firms can provide better customer service. 3.Ease of engineering technologies Changes in engineering design and process plans can be easily accommodated by the use of technology-based manufacturing and process design. 4.Ease of Expansion Technology also provides volume flexibility to the organization. It is much easier to expand in response to growing market. 5.Redused Manufacturing Lead Time Due to certain advanced technological features, it is possible to cut down time. 6.Lower In-Process Inventory Several of the above benefits directly translate to lower work-in-process inventory and reduced cost of manufacturing.
  13. 13.  This study offers several contributions to the PMT literature. Specifically, the results of this study provided both theoretical and practical implications. First, this study presents the theoretical and empirical research regarding the usage of PMT across Electrical and Electronic firms in India and its impact on producer values.  In India, there is insufficient research dealing with PMT. This study contributes to the development of reliable information on PMT usage across India. Secondly, this study suggests that for Electrical and Electronic firms in India to be successful in their PMT implementation, they need to fully understand them before they decide on investing in such technologies and finally, it is expected that these findings will serve as an input to PMT future studies. Conclusion
  14. 14. References ACARD (1983), New Opportunities in Manufacturing: The Management of Technology, HMSO, London. Sower, V.E. and R.D. Abshire (2003), "Successful implementation of advanced manufacturing technology: A crosss ectional survey," International Journal of Computer Applications in Technology, 16(1): p. 12-20. Jayarama, J., A. Das, and M. Nicolae (2010), "Looking beyond the obvious: Unraveling the Toyota production system," International Journal Production Economics, 128: p. 280- 291.
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