QIS COLLEGE OF Engineering & Technology
Venga mukala palem,ongole-523002,
Prakasam (Dt), A.P
The aim of this thesis was to map the technology activities in
production management . It is difficult to analyze the technology factors affecting
on production. Ours is a vast country with various religions, caste, sub-caste,
languages, culture, etc. Each of these factors operates at different levels & art
different places. A reporting study was done in order to get as much data as
possible for the management analysis in the production. Reporting study is often
done in order to get a summation of some data. For this paper there was plenty of
data that was found which could help with the analyses. The biggest problem was
to determine what data was most relevant for this paper and what data could be
trusted. When a search was done for some empirical research papers about the
production technology management.
Competitiveness has made organizations to make a continuing attempt to improve
manufacturing. These improvements include meeting the needs of
customer, increasing volumes of output, improving product quality and reducing
product costs. For a manufacturing company, Advanced Manufacturing Technology
(AMT) is the answer.
However, does technology have any value if it is not applied? Many researchers
believe that science and technology are crucial to produce globally competitive
products. But developing a competitive advantage in the global marketplace
depends less on the ability to develop new science or technologies than on the
The Purpose of the paper is to study the role of technology in production
management, and to identify the Advantages and disadvantages in production
Production is a process of combining various material inputs and immaterial inputs
in order to make something for consumption. It is the act of creating output, a good
or service which has value and contributes to the utility of individuals.
Technology comprises both machines (hard technology) and scientific thinking (soft
technology) used to solve problems and promote. It consist of not only knowledge
and methods required to carry on and improve production and distribution of goods
and services but also entrepreneurial expertise and professional know how.
Types of technology
Ex:-Cars, computers, and televisions Ex:-lower costs , faster delivery, and
Ex:- bar codes, RIFD(track
goods, electronic data processing, e-
mail, instant messaging, and the
Types of technology Abbreviation
Just-in-time manufacturing JIT
Manufacturing resources planning MRPII
Computer integrated manufacturing CIM
Computer aided manufacturing CAM
Flexible manufacturing cells FMC
Bar code inventory tracking BARCODE
Computer numerically controlled machining CNC
Computer aided design CAD
Automated process monitoring APM
Automated material handling AMH
Closed loop process control LOOP
Processing Technologies (CIAF)
1. Computer numerically controlled machining (CNC)
A traditional machine tool such as a lather or a
grinder that is used to turn, drill, or grind different
parts into space.
A computer that controls the type and sequence of
operations performed by the machine.
These are programmable machines that are designed
to handle materials or tools in the performance of a
variety of tasks.
Robots are often used to replace workers in repetitive
manual activities that are dangers, uncomfortable, or
Robots are used in automobile factories to weld
components together, in food processing plants to
remove defective items, and in numerous other
3.Automated material handling system
These systems use computer-controlled
equipment to move, package, and store
Automated Storage and Retrieval
System ( AS/RS)
Automated Guided Vehicle (AGV)
4.Flexible manufacturing system (FMS)
oThis system consists of a combination of
several individual pieces of equipment that
allows materials to be automatically
loaded, unloaded, and shaped at matching
centers equipped with CNC machine tools
that can perform multiple operations.
5c’s for Design Technologies
1. Computer –Aided Engineering (CAE)
2. Computer –Aided Process Planning (CAE)
3. Computer –Aided Design (CAD)
•It is used evaluate the engineering characteristics of a part
or product by computing stresses, manufacturing parameters
and other technical information
it is software that helps to plan manufacturing processes by
analyzing different routing alternatives to streamline the flow of
work-process through the plant.
CAD can be defined as the use of computer systems
to assist in the creation ,modification, analyses, or
optimization of a design.
4. Computer –Integrated Manufacturing (CIM)
5. Computer –Aided Manufacturing (CAM)
a. Computer Monitoring and Control
b. Manufacturing Support Applications
CIM is automated version of the manufacturing
process, where three major manufacturing functions .
a. Product and Process Design.
b. Planning and Control
c. Manufacturing Process.
CAM can be defined as the use of computer system to
plan, manage and control the operations of a
manufacturing plant through either direct or indirect
computer interface with the plant’ production resource.
Administrative technologies are those that track
,record, and analyze the information that is required for
Manufacturing Requirements Planning (MRP) consist of
interconnected software packages that may include
forecasting, master scheduling, order entry, engineering
data , bills of material, maintains, purchasing, and
Advantages of Technology Management
1.Incresed Machine Utilization
•Due to computer-based operation of systems, it is possible to have high machine
utilization in systems.
Technologies often permits organizations to have flexibility in scheduling various work
orders as it enables them to react to changes effectively.
By use of technology, firms can provide better customer service.
3.Ease of engineering technologies
Changes in engineering design and process plans can be easily accommodated by the
use of technology-based manufacturing and process design.
4.Ease of Expansion
Technology also provides volume flexibility to the organization. It is much easier to expand
in response to growing market.
5.Redused Manufacturing Lead Time
Due to certain advanced technological features, it is possible to cut down time.
6.Lower In-Process Inventory
Several of the above benefits directly translate to lower work-in-process inventory and
reduced cost of manufacturing.
This study offers several contributions to the PMT literature. Specifically, the
results of this study provided both theoretical and practical implications. First, this study
presents the theoretical and empirical research regarding the usage of PMT across Electrical
and Electronic firms in India and its impact on producer values.
In India, there is insufficient research dealing with PMT. This study contributes to
the development of reliable information on PMT usage across India. Secondly, this study
suggests that for Electrical and Electronic firms in India to be successful in their PMT
implementation, they need to fully understand them before they decide on investing in such
technologies and finally, it is expected that these findings will serve as an input to PMT
ACARD (1983), New Opportunities in Manufacturing: The Management of
Technology, HMSO, London.
Sower, V.E. and R.D. Abshire (2003), "Successful implementation of advanced
manufacturing technology: A crosss ectional survey," International Journal of Computer
Applications in Technology, 16(1): p. 12-20.
Jayarama, J., A. Das, and M. Nicolae (2010), "Looking beyond the obvious: Unraveling
the Toyota production system," International Journal Production Economics, 128: p. 280-
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