Mixing methodologies ppt 2013

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Mixing methodologies ppt 2013

  1. 1. Mixed Methodologies Philip Adu, Ph.D. Methodology Expert National Center for Academic & Dissertation Excellence (NCADE) The Chicago School of Professional Psychology
  2. 2. Surviving in a Class with the “Most Difficult of Professors” IT IS AVAILABLE ON Amazon Barnes and Noble Xulon Press This is a tangible and practical guide that can be used by any student to improve the way in which they learn, and handle challenges that are faced when dealing with difficult courses and professors.
  3. 3. Applying Mixed Methods Approach in Our Everyday Lives  Statistics plus personalized stories  Convincing or credible report/information News Report on FoodWaste http://abcnews.go.com/WNT/video/american-kitchens-wasteland-food- 18927910 News Report on Hunger in America http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0IulV00MaFQ
  4. 4. Research Approaches  Quantitative approaches Descriptive study Correlational study Quasi-experimental study Experimental study (Creswell, 2007; Keele, 2011; Plano Clark & Creswell, 2008)  Qualitative approaches Narrative Phenomenology Grounded theory Ethnography Case study Philosophical assumptions 1. Objectivity 2. Generalizability 3. Deductive reasoning 4. breadth 5. Numbers 1. Subjectivity 2. Contextualization 3. Inductive reasoning 4. Depth 5. Words
  5. 5. Mixed Methods Research Outline 1. Definition 2. Essence 3. Emergence 4. Philosophical Foundations 5. Design Purposes 6. Features 7.Types 8. Designing & Conducting
  6. 6. Definition of Mixed Methods Research  Collecting, analyzing, and interpreting qualitative and quantitative data in a single study  Integrating/mixing quantitative and qualitative data, findings, and/or interpretations (Hanson, Creswell, Plano Clark, Petska, & Creswell, 2005)
  7. 7. Essence of Mixed Methods Research 1. Enriching the findings 2. Increasing the depth and breadth 3. Testing a theory or model 4. Seeking for participants inputs (Hanson, et. al., 2005)
  8. 8. Emergence of Mixed Methods Research  Using multiple data collection methods  A study by Campbell and Fiske (1959): Construct validity assessment Collecting multiple quantitative data Completing questionnaire Conducting observations Measuring performance Multitrait-multimethod matrix  Applying the concept of triangulation to research  A term from the military – using multiple points to find the precise location of an object  The strength of one method offsetting the weakness of another – complementary purpose (Hanson, et. al., 2005; Trochim, 2006)
  9. 9. Philosophical Foundations Paradigm underlying mixed methods research  Pragmatist perspective:  Focuses on “what works” – using the appropriate method  Theoretical lens underlying mixed methods is pragmatism  Transformative perspective:  Critique of pragmatist perspective – “what works for who?”  Concern with addressing the needs of the marginalized  ‘Dialectical’ perspective:  Freedom to choose appropriate method  Paradigm chosen should be consistent with research problem and researcher’s beliefs  Not affiliated to a specific theoretical lens or paradigm (Hanson, et. al., 2005; Mertens, 2003)
  10. 10. Purpose of mixed methods design 1. Triangulation  Using different methods to address the same phenomenon 2. Complementarity  Using different methods to address the different parts of a phenomenon 3. Development  Using the results of one method to inform the other method 4. Initiation  Looking for contradictory results and using different method to collect data to explain the discrepancy. 5. Expansion  Increasing the depth and/or breadth of a study by using different methods  Using different methods to address the different parts of a phenomenon (Greene, Caracelli & Graham, 1989)
  11. 11. Features of Mixed Methods Design (Hanson, et. al., 2005; Plano Clark & Creswell, 2008)
  12. 12. Types of Mixed Methods Design Sequential Designs (a) Sequential Explanatory Design (b) Sequential Exploratory Design (c) Sequential Transformative Design Concurrent Designs (a) Concurrent Triangulation Design (b) Concurrent Nested Design (c) Concurrent Transformative Design (Creswell, Plano Clark, Gutmann, & Hanson, 2003)
  13. 13. Types of Mixed Methods Design (Cont.) Sequential Designs Theoretical Lens Timing Integration Purpose Priority Implicit (Post-positivist lens) Sequential – beginning with quantitative phase Interpretation stage Complementarity and/or expansion Quantitative data (Creswell, Plano Clark, Gutmann, & Hanson, 2003)
  14. 14. Types of Mixed Methods Design (Cont.) Sequential Designs Theoretical Lens Timing Integration Purpose Priority Explicit (constructivist lens) Sequential – beginning with qualitative phase Data analysis (connected) and Interpretation stages Development, complementarity, and/or expansion Qualitative data (Creswell, Plano Clark, Gutmann, & Hanson, 2003)
  15. 15. Types of Mixed Methods Design (Cont.) Sequential Designs Theoretical Lens Timing Integration Purpose Priority Explicit – advocacy lens Sequential – beginning with either quantitative or qualitative phase Data analysis (connected) and Interpretation stages Complementarity, development and/or expansion Either quantitative or qualitative data (Sometimes both…) (Creswell, Plano Clark, Gutmann, & Hanson, 2003)
  16. 16. Types of Mixed Methods Design (Cont.) Concurrent Designs Theoretical Lens Timing Integration Purpose Priority Implicit Concurrent Data analysis (Separated) and Interpretation stages Triangulation Equal – both quantitative and qualitative data (Creswell, Plano Clark, Gutmann, & Hanson, 2003)
  17. 17. Types of Mixed Methods Design (Cont.) Concurrent Designs Theoretical Lens Timing Integration Purpose Priority Implicit or explicit Concurrent Data analysis (data transformed and merged) and Interpretation stages Complementarity, initiation, and/or expansion Unequal (Creswell, Plano Clark, Gutmann, & Hanson, 2003)
  18. 18. Types of Mixed Methods Design (Cont.) Concurrent Designs Theoretical Lens Timing Integration Purpose Priority Explicit – advocacy lens Concurrent Data analysis (separate) and Interpretation stages Complementarity, initiation, and/or expansion Equal or unequal (Creswell, Plano Clark, Gutmann, & Hanson, 2003)
  19. 19. Designing and Conducting a Mixed Methods Study Things to consider… 1. Working knowledge of both methods 2. Theoretical lens 3. Sequence (timing) 4. Stage to integrate 5. Purpose/rationale of the mixed methods design for your study 6. Type of data that will be given more priority 7. Clearly define and illustrate your design
  20. 20. References Creswell, John W. (2013). Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among Five Approaches (3rd). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Creswell, J. W., Plano Clark, V. L., Gutmann, M. L., & Hanson, W. E. (2003). Advanced mixed methods research designs. In A. Tashakkori & C. Teddlie (Eds.), Handbook of mixed methods in social and behavioral research (pp. 209–240). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Greene, J. C., Caracelli, V. J., & Graham, W. F. (1989). Toward a conceptual framework for mixed-methods evaluation designs. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 11(3), 255-274. Hanson, W. E., Creswell, J. W., Plano Clark, V. L., Petska, K. S., & Creswell, D. J. (2005). Mixed methods research designs in counseling psychology. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 2(55), 224-235. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.52.2.224 Keele, R. (2011), Nursing Research and Evidence-Based Practice. MA: Jones & Bartlett, LLC. Plano Clark, V. P., & Creswell, J. W. (2008). The mixed methods reader. California: Sage Publications, Inc. Trochim, W. M. (2006, October 20). The multitrait-multimethod matrix. Retrieved from Research methods knowledge base website: http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/kb/mtmmmat.php
  21. 21. Questions

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