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1
“FIFI’s” first flight with new engines

PLAY MOVIE

2
Meet Keville Miller

3
Agenda
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The Story of the B-29 Superfortress
“FIFI’s” story
“FIFI’s” new mission
“FIFI’s” 2010-2011 Adventur...
History of the B-29 Superfortress

5
Heavy Bombers of WW2

Avro Lancaster (British)

B-17 Flying Fortress (U.S.)

B-29 Superfortress (U.S.)

6

B-24 Liberator ...
1940 Dayton, OH
● Boeing gets contract to build the next super bomber.
● 3 weeks later, Model 341 Design is ready

Phillip...
Six Desireables
●
●
●
●
●
●

Pressurized aircraft
Tricycle landing gear
Greater speed
Greater range
Bomb capacity
Bomb pay...
Pass around “FIFI” Skin / Fabric

9
Meeting the desireables…plus!
● Electronically-controlled remote
control guns
● Increased armor
● Norden bomb site
● Self-...
B-29 Military Specifications
Maximum Speed (at 25,000 ft.)
…………………………………………………………………..310 mph
Cruising Speed
…………………………………...
Boeing B-29 compared to Boeing 737

12
Where would the Superfortresses be built?

13
Who built them?

14
15
16
Component makers
Royal Typewriter, Connecticut

-

made small parts for aircraft
engines

Singer Sewing Machine

-

made c...
Pass around
“FIFI” spark plug

18
Troublesome Wright R-3350 Engines

19
Test Flights – Triumph and Tragedy

Eddie Allen, Chief B-29 Test Pilot

First flight, September 17, 1942

Bob Robbins

20
“Battle of Kansas”
44 percent of all B-29’s made in Kansas

21
B-29 Crew
● 11 man crew
● Training

22
B-29 Crew
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●
●
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Aircraft Commander
Pilot
Bombardier
Navigator
Flight Engineer
Radio Operator
CFC Officer
...
Aircraft Commander and Pilot

24
Bombardier

25
Navigator

26
Flight Engineer

27
Radio Operator

28
Central Fire Control Officer
Left and Right Gunners

29
Radar Operator

30
Tail Gunner

31
Testimonials from B-29 Veterans

PLAY MOVIE

32
The Beginning of Service – India/China
“Flying over the Hump”

33
Attacking Japan - Challenges and Hardships
● Runway Construction
and Chinese laborers

34
Attacking Japan - Challenges and Hardships
● Munitions, Supplies, Fuel, Equipment

167,285 trips
740,000 tons of materials...
Attacking Japan
20th Air Force
CBI Operations

36
Attacking Japan - Challenges and Hardships
● Weather
● Jet Stream
● BTO

37
First B-29 Strike Against Japan
● June 15, 1944
● 68 B-29’s take off from bases around Chengdu.
● 49 reach target and bomb...
B-29 Commanders

General Henry “Hap” Arnold

39

General Curtis Lemay and Brigadier General Haywood Hansell
Early Missions - Disappointing Results
● Taking in all factors involved
in high altitude bombing,
it could take 400 B-29’s...
The Foe

41

Artwork by Jim Dietz
Japanese fighters

Shiden

Zeke

Oscar

42
Anti-Aircraft Flak

43
Aerial “Kamikaze”

44

Artwork by Roy Grinnell
Pass around .50 cal bullet

45
Debating the costs in lives and planes

46
To Fight Another Day

47 by Brian Bateman
Artwork
Marianas Campaign – Taking Saipan, Guam
and Tinian

48
Seabees

49
Tinian

50
51
Primitive living conditions

52
Ground Crews

53
Ground Crews

54
Ground Crews – filler-up!

55
Bombs carried by the B-29

56
Nose Art

57
B-29 Nose Art

58
B-29 Tail Markings

59
Importance of Battle of Iwo Jima

Artwork by John Shaw

60
Change in Bombing Strategy

61
Change in Bombing Strategy
●
●
●
●

Incendiaries
Target Cities
Low Altitude
Night Raids

“Operation Meetinghouse”
Night of...
Civilian Warning Leaflet

Dear Japanese Citizens,
Don’t you want to save your, your families’ or your friends’ lives? If y...
Hiroshima and Nagasaki

64
Korean War

65
B-29’s based at Okinawa

66
New Tactics – Dangerous Enemy

67
B-29 role in Korea evolves
● Tanker
● Transport
● Jets carry
nukes

November 1, 1954
USAF retires the last
B-29 from servi...
What happened to B-29’s that survived the war?

Scrap, Target practice, forgotten

69
“Enola Gay” at National Air & Space Museum

70
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FIFI Presentation Part One

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Part One of a presentation about "FIFI", the World's Only Flying B-29 Superfortress. Part One - "B-29 History" Presenters: Keville Miller and Konley Kelley (Oct 2011)

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FIFI Presentation Part One

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. “FIFI’s” first flight with new engines PLAY MOVIE 2
  3. 3. Meet Keville Miller 3
  4. 4. Agenda ● ● ● ● ● ● ● The Story of the B-29 Superfortress “FIFI’s” story “FIFI’s” new mission “FIFI’s” 2010-2011 Adventures B-29/B-24 Squadron - Our Mission, Planes and People Support “FIFI” Q&A 4
  5. 5. History of the B-29 Superfortress 5
  6. 6. Heavy Bombers of WW2 Avro Lancaster (British) B-17 Flying Fortress (U.S.) B-29 Superfortress (U.S.) 6 B-24 Liberator (U.S.)
  7. 7. 1940 Dayton, OH ● Boeing gets contract to build the next super bomber. ● 3 weeks later, Model 341 Design is ready Phillip Johnson President & General Manager Boeing Airplane Co. 7
  8. 8. Six Desireables ● ● ● ● ● ● Pressurized aircraft Tricycle landing gear Greater speed Greater range Bomb capacity Bomb payload interchangeability 8
  9. 9. Pass around “FIFI” Skin / Fabric 9
  10. 10. Meeting the desireables…plus! ● Electronically-controlled remote control guns ● Increased armor ● Norden bomb site ● Self-sealing fuel tanks The design, development and manufacturing of the B-29 Superfortress cost $1B more than the Manhattan Project 10
  11. 11. B-29 Military Specifications Maximum Speed (at 25,000 ft.) …………………………………………………………………..310 mph Cruising Speed …………………………………………………………………………………………….220 mph Service Ceiling ……………………………………………………………………………………………..33,00 0 ft. Gross Weight (military load) …………………………………………………………………….147,000 lbs. Wing Span ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..141 ft. Fuselage Length …………………………………………………………………………………………………99 ft. Range …………………………………………………………………………………………… 3,700-4,500 miles Standard armament ……………………………………………………….12 .50 caliber machine guns Bomb load 11
  12. 12. Boeing B-29 compared to Boeing 737 12
  13. 13. Where would the Superfortresses be built? 13
  14. 14. Who built them? 14
  15. 15. 15
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. Component makers Royal Typewriter, Connecticut - made small parts for aircraft engines Singer Sewing Machine - made computers for the B29 CFC - made dome doors, binoculars,Norden Bomb Site parts reflectors for searchlights - Wright 3350 engines - gunsights - pressurized nose sections, leading edges, engine cowlings BF Goodrich, Ohio - gun turrets, tire tubes AO Smith - landing gears, life raft fabric - propeller blades, landing gears, nose gears, nose assemblies - stitching wax for fabric on planes, scouring powder to keep them shiney - Shell cases for ammunition Bausch and Lomb, New York Chrysler, Chicago Kodak, New York DeSoto, Texas Firestone, Ohio Globe Crayon, Ohio American Desk, Texas 17
  18. 18. Pass around “FIFI” spark plug 18
  19. 19. Troublesome Wright R-3350 Engines 19
  20. 20. Test Flights – Triumph and Tragedy Eddie Allen, Chief B-29 Test Pilot First flight, September 17, 1942 Bob Robbins 20
  21. 21. “Battle of Kansas” 44 percent of all B-29’s made in Kansas 21
  22. 22. B-29 Crew ● 11 man crew ● Training 22
  23. 23. B-29 Crew ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Aircraft Commander Pilot Bombardier Navigator Flight Engineer Radio Operator CFC Officer Left Gunner Right Gunner Radar Operator Tail Gunner 23
  24. 24. Aircraft Commander and Pilot 24
  25. 25. Bombardier 25
  26. 26. Navigator 26
  27. 27. Flight Engineer 27
  28. 28. Radio Operator 28
  29. 29. Central Fire Control Officer Left and Right Gunners 29
  30. 30. Radar Operator 30
  31. 31. Tail Gunner 31
  32. 32. Testimonials from B-29 Veterans PLAY MOVIE 32
  33. 33. The Beginning of Service – India/China “Flying over the Hump” 33
  34. 34. Attacking Japan - Challenges and Hardships ● Runway Construction and Chinese laborers 34
  35. 35. Attacking Japan - Challenges and Hardships ● Munitions, Supplies, Fuel, Equipment 167,285 trips 740,000 tons of materials 701 major accidents 460 aircraft lost 792 men lost 35
  36. 36. Attacking Japan 20th Air Force CBI Operations 36
  37. 37. Attacking Japan - Challenges and Hardships ● Weather ● Jet Stream ● BTO 37
  38. 38. First B-29 Strike Against Japan ● June 15, 1944 ● 68 B-29’s take off from bases around Chengdu. ● 49 reach target and bomb the Imperial Iron and Steel Works at Yahata, Japan ● Three B-29’s lost on mission ● Only one bomb strikes factory 38
  39. 39. B-29 Commanders General Henry “Hap” Arnold 39 General Curtis Lemay and Brigadier General Haywood Hansell
  40. 40. Early Missions - Disappointing Results ● Taking in all factors involved in high altitude bombing, it could take 400 B-29’s to assure the destruction of one industrial target 40
  41. 41. The Foe 41 Artwork by Jim Dietz
  42. 42. Japanese fighters Shiden Zeke Oscar 42
  43. 43. Anti-Aircraft Flak 43
  44. 44. Aerial “Kamikaze” 44 Artwork by Roy Grinnell
  45. 45. Pass around .50 cal bullet 45
  46. 46. Debating the costs in lives and planes 46
  47. 47. To Fight Another Day 47 by Brian Bateman Artwork
  48. 48. Marianas Campaign – Taking Saipan, Guam and Tinian 48
  49. 49. Seabees 49
  50. 50. Tinian 50
  51. 51. 51
  52. 52. Primitive living conditions 52
  53. 53. Ground Crews 53
  54. 54. Ground Crews 54
  55. 55. Ground Crews – filler-up! 55
  56. 56. Bombs carried by the B-29 56
  57. 57. Nose Art 57
  58. 58. B-29 Nose Art 58
  59. 59. B-29 Tail Markings 59
  60. 60. Importance of Battle of Iwo Jima Artwork by John Shaw 60
  61. 61. Change in Bombing Strategy 61
  62. 62. Change in Bombing Strategy ● ● ● ● Incendiaries Target Cities Low Altitude Night Raids “Operation Meetinghouse” Night of March 10, 1945 334 B-29s dropping incendiaries 267,000 buildings; ~25% of city destroyed 100,000 people killed 62
  63. 63. Civilian Warning Leaflet Dear Japanese Citizens, Don’t you want to save your, your families’ or your friends’ lives? If you do, please read this note carefully. Within a few days, the US Air Force will attack military facilities in 4 or 5 cities which are listed on the back of this paper. There are military bases and/or manufacturing facilities that produce military related products in these cities. The US Air Force will destroy all military equipment which is used for this war that Japan has no chance to win. We don’t know where the bomb will fall exactly since the bomb has no eyes. Since America is humanitarian, we don’t want to hurt innocent people. Please stay away from these cities. You are not America’s enemy. The Japanese military that is dragging on this war is our enemy. We can help to build a better Japan and your peaceful life without Japanese military pressure. Why don’t you find a new leader who can stop this war? There is a possibility that other cities will be attacked, but we will surely attack at least 4 cities on the back of this paper. We are warning you in advance to stay away from the cities listed on the back. Tokyo, Ujiyamada, Tsu, Koriyama, Hakodate, Nagaoka, Uwajima, Kurume, Ichinomiya, Ogaki, Nishinomiya 63
  64. 64. Hiroshima and Nagasaki 64
  65. 65. Korean War 65
  66. 66. B-29’s based at Okinawa 66
  67. 67. New Tactics – Dangerous Enemy 67
  68. 68. B-29 role in Korea evolves ● Tanker ● Transport ● Jets carry nukes November 1, 1954 USAF retires the last B-29 from service F-84 Thunderjet 68
  69. 69. What happened to B-29’s that survived the war? Scrap, Target practice, forgotten 69
  70. 70. “Enola Gay” at National Air & Space Museum 70

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