B.O: Sesamum indicum
•Sesamum is from Greek
'sesamon', the original
name of the plant.
•‘Indicum’ refers to its
Pale yellow to
•Cold-pressed sesame oil:
pale yellow in colour
•Indian sesame oil
(gingelly or til oil):
golden in colour
•East Asian sesame oil:
dark brown in colour. The dark colour
and flavour are derived from roasted/
toasted sesame seeds.
•It is classified in
oleic-linoleic acid group
FATTY ACID COMPOSITION
Oleic acid Linoleic acid Palmitic acid Stearic acid Arachidic
Mineral elements Composition(mg/100g of seed)
•Calcium, Ca 415.38 ± 3.14
•Phosp horus , P 647.25± 3.52
•Magnesium, Mg 579.53 ± 0.42
•Potassium , K 851. 35 ± 3.44
•Sodium, Na 122.50 ± 4.21
Sesame seeds are protected by capsule which bursts when
seeds are completely ripe. The ripening time tends to vary,
so farmers cut plants by hand and place them together in an
upright position to continue ripening until all the capsules
MANUFACTURE OF SESAME
IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES BY:
•hot water flotation
•the ghani process
•by using a small-scale expeller
IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES BY:
•larger-scale oil extraction machines
•by pressing followed by chemical solvent extraction
It is done by:
•It is a stable natural oil
•Stability increases by refrigeration
•Limited exposure to light & high temperatures during
extraction ,processing & storage minimizes nutrient loss
through oxidation & rancidity
•Should be stored in amber colored bottles
STABILITY & STORAGE
For thousands of years, it is known as “queen of oils”.
It is antibacterial for staphylococcus & streptococcus as well
as common skin fungi, such as athlete's foot fungus.
It is naturally antiviral and anti-inflammatory agent.
•VAGINAL YEAST INFECTIONS:
Used as a douche mixed with warm water, the oil controls
vaginal yeast infections.
Used in the treatment of several chronic disease processes,
In vitro, sesame seed oil inhibits the growth of malignant
melanoma (skin cancer): PROSTAGLANDIN LEUKATRINES and
ESSENTIAL FATTY ACIDS .
Sesame seed oil inhibits replication of human colon cancer cells
•AS AN ANTIOXIDANT:
It is a potent antioxidant. Molecules of sesame seed oil maintain
good cholesterol (HDL) and lower bad cholesterol (LDL).
Light sesame oil is used for deep-frying while dark sesame oil is
used for the stir frying of meats or vegetables
used for massaging the foot, hair and scalp massage.
massage over joints ,helps joints keep their flexibility
a solvent in injected drugs or intravenous drip solutions
cosmetic carrier oil
coating stored grains to prevent weevil attacks. The oil also
has synergy with some insecticides.
Low grade oil is used locally in soaps, paints, lubricants,
•RELIEF FROM DANDRUFF:
It nourishes and feeds the scalp to control dry scalp
dandruff and to kill dandruff causing bacteria.
It protects the skin from effects of chlorine in swimming
It keeps the skin supple and soft.
It heals and protects areas of mild scrapes, cuts and
It helps tighten facial skin
Used after exposure to wind or sun it will calm the burns.