Motivation

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Motivation

  1. 1. What is Motivation?Motivation is the internal drive toaccomplish a particular goal. In awork setting, motivation is what makespeople want to work.
  2. 2. Ten Morale-Building FactorsInteresting WorkFull appreciation of work doneInvolvementGood payJob securityPromotion and growthGood working conditionsLoyalty to employeesHelp with personal problemsTactful discipline
  3. 3. Other Morale-Building FactorsPERKSAutonomyStatusResponsibilityFlexible SchedulingBenefitsOthers?
  4. 4. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Self- Actualization Esteem / Ego Social or Belongingness Safety and Security Physiological
  5. 5. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Physiological
  6. 6. Factors in the Workplace MeetingPhysiological Needs Physical Comfort Temperature Working Conditions Inside/Outside Lunch and Rest Breaks Bathroom Facilities Ergonomics
  7. 7. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Safety and Security Physiological
  8. 8. Factors in the Workplace Meeting Safety and Security Needs Safety Job Security Seniority Benefits MONEY Retirement Plans
  9. 9. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Social or Belongingness Safety and Security Physiological
  10. 10. Factors in the Workplace Meeting Social orBelongingness Needs Relationships with co-workers Relationships with Supervisors Teams Fun Social Events
  11. 11. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Esteem / Ego Social or Belongingness Safety and Security Physiological
  12. 12. Factors in the Workplace MeetingEsteem/Ego NeedsOpportunities for Growth & AdvancementPromotionsJob TitlesRecognitionPERKSTraining & DevelopmentPositive Feedback on Performance
  13. 13. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Self- Actualization Esteem / Ego Social or Belongingness Safety and Security Physiological
  14. 14. Factors in the Workplace MeetingSelf-Actualization Needs Meaningful Work Sense of Satisfaction Accomplishment Self-Improvement Improving Others and/or Society “Be all that you can be.”
  15. 15. Hersberg’s Model of MotivationTwo-Factor Theory: Compare to MaslowHygiene vs. Motivational FactorsAchievementGrowth PotentialThe Work Itself Motivational Self-Recognition Factors ActualizationAdvancement & Esteem NeedsResponsibilityInterpersonalRelations Hygiene or Social NeedsJob Security Maintenance Safety NeedsCompany Policy Factors PhysiologicalWorking ConditionsSalary
  16. 16. Which factors outweigh others in maintainingproductive attitudes on the Job?Quality of Work Life? Basics? SalaryOpportunities for Advancement VacationAutonomy (self-management) BonusesCompany Culture Retirement PlansSpouse’s Job Opportunities Health InsuranceSchools Sick LeaveLocal Community
  17. 17. Other Motivational TheoristsMcClelland VroomMcClelland’s Acquired NeedsTheory Vroom’s Expectancy TheoryNeed for achievement Views motivation as a process of choicesNeed for affiliation Behaviors stem from expectingNeed for power certain results
  18. 18. Contemporary Motivational StrategiesMotivation through job design Job rotation Job enlargement Job enrichmentMotivation through incentivesTraining and educationMotivation through empowermentTeambuilding
  19. 19. Positive Reinforcement & Recognition:Job-Related Confirming BehaviorsPraisePositive Written CommunicationOrientation and TrainingActive ListeningCourtesy
  20. 20. Barriers to Positive ReinforcementPreoccupation with self NarcissismMisconceptions about positive reinforcementThe “too busy” syndromeNot identifying commendable actionsNot knowing what to say or doLack of appropriate role models
  21. 21. Self-Motivation StrategiesTake control of your expectationsFight the urge to underachieveLearn to love the job you hateBuild immunity to cynicismStrive for balance

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