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2010 apa guidelinesppt


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2010 apa guidelinesppt

  1. 1.  ASU College of Education standard professional standard need to know when you publish need for continued graduate work
  2. 2.  started in 1928 anthropological and psychological journal editors met purpose: to standardize publication formats first guidelines 7 pages long latest 6th edition printed 2009 summer
  3. 3.  Margins: 1 inch around (Page Layout → Margins) Font: Times New Roman – 12 pt. (Home → Font) Line spacing: double spaced throughout (Home → spacing)
  4. 4. Correct grammar, punctuation, spelling, and sentence structure are essential components of scholarly writing.Grammar Subject and verb agreement Noun and pronoun agreementPunctuationOnly one space or two are used after periods. One space after commas, colons, and semicolons.
  5. 5. CapitalizationUsed to designate proper nouns or trade name. For example: National League for Nursing (NLN), University of Sharjah.Numbers in textSpell numbers one through nine in the body of the text. Use Arabic numerals to express numbers 10 and above.
  6. 6.  First time you are using the abbreviation, spell it out. University of Sharjah (UoS)------ First use UoS------ second use.
  7. 7. Running head: SHORT TITLE ALL CAPS IN HEADER 1No morethan 50characters Full Title of Paper: Sentence Case, Centered Left to Right Full title is centered and Name of Author positioned in upper half of Author’s Affiliation the page Author Note Author note with more information about affiliation, research grants, conflict of interest and how to contact. Robin Sontheimer University of Missouri-Kansas City Writing Center 2009
  8. 8. Go to the TOOL BAR Select justification symbol Flush left style Leave a ragged right margin
  9. 9. Benefits Prevents plagiarism Gives credit to author Incorporates two types: Direct quotation Paraphrasing
  10. 10.  Mirror exactly the original source Cite original source Vary with placement of quoted material in sentence Consider the following when inserting a citation in text: i. Author’s surname ii. Year of publication iii. Page number in the original work.
  11. 11.  Quotations of less than 40 words are enclosed in double quotation marks. “__________________”
  12. 12. Form 1According to Evans (2005), "between 70 and 90% ofpeople with advanced cancer experience pain.Inadequate education of health professional in painmanagement is only one reason why clients suffer" (p.1). Form 2Evans noted that "between 70 and 90% of people withadvanced cancer experience pain. Inadequate educationof health professional in pain management is only onereason why clients suffer” (2005, p. 1).
  13. 13.  Do not change anything in the wording of the quote Do not forget to use quotation marks for a statement of less than 40 words Do not forget to cite right after direct quotation Do not forget to include a page in the citation Do not use too many direct quotations in the document
  14. 14.  Are set in a block format without quotation marks. The block quote is started on a new line, indented five spaces. Taylor (2008) noted important principles about academic writing: Vigorous writing is concise. A sentence should contain no unnecessary words, a paragraph no unnecessary sentences, for the same reason that a drawing should have no unnecessary lines and a machine no unnecessary parts. This requires not that the writer make all his sentences short, or that he or she should avoid all detail and treat his subjects only in outline, but that every word tell . (p. 120)
  15. 15. Allows the writer to use ideas and opinions of others. Each time an author is paraphrased, the source must be cited in the text. Page or paragraph numbers are not required. Such as: (Evans, 2005)
  16. 16.  More than half of patients with cancer suffer from pain. The inadequate preparation of health professionals regarding how to assess and manage pain has had a major impact on patients’ suffering (Evans, 2005).
  17. 17.  Choose the source as you write Write using your own words but not any of your ideas Use a correct citation immediately after the paraphrase or summary Use a correct reference at the end of the paper
  18. 18.  References are listed on separate page Only citations that appear in the text should appear on the reference page Everything cited in the text should appear on the reference page. References are double-spaced, flush left with subsequent lines indented 5 spaces
  19. 19. The Reference List The purpose of a reference list is to help readers find the sources you used. Therefore, the reference list should be as accurate as possible. Put references in order by the author’s surname, or first author’s surname if there is more than one author.
  20. 20. Components of a Reference1. Is alphabetized by author’s name,2. Publication date in parenthesis,3. Title of the work,4. Publication data
  21. 21. Authors’ names Publication yearDecker, S., Sportsman, S., Puetz, L., & Billings, L. ( 2008). The evolution of simulation and its contribution to competency. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 39(2), 74-80.Title of work Publication data
  22. 22.  One author (articles & books) Two authors (articles & books) More than two authors (articles & books) Web site references Chapter of a book
  23. 23. Adams, B.L. (1999). Nursing education for critical thinking: An integrative review. Journal of Nursing Education, 38(3), 111-119.Bevis, O. (1989). Curriculum building in nursing (3rd ed.). Massachusetts: Jones and Bartlett.
  24. 24. Ferguson, L., & Day, R.A. (2005). Evidence- based nursing education: Myth or reality? Journal of Nursing Education, 44(3), 107- 116. Huba, M.E., & Freed, J.E. (2000). Learner- centered assessment on college campuses: Shifting the focus from teaching to learning. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
  25. 25. Black, P., Harrison, C., Clare, L., Marshall, B., & Wiliam, D. (2004). Working inside the black box: Assessment for learning in the classroom. Phi Delta Kappan, 86(1), 9-21.
  26. 26. National League for Nursing. (2003). Innovation in nursing education: A call to reform (Position Statement). Retrieved from
  27. 27. Blaxter, M. (1976). Social class and health inequalities. In C. Carter & J. Peel (Eds.), Equalities and inequalities in health (pp. 120-135). London: Academic Press.
  28. 28. Plagiarism: act of usingsomeone else’s ideas, words,figures, unique approach, orspecific reasoning without givingappropriate credit.It’s a bad thing!
  29. 29. Academic Violations (UoS Catalog 2012) 3. Plagiarism: “Plagiarism is the act of stealing someone else’s property and claiming it as one’s own. This property might be a paper, a book, an idea, a computer program, an experiment, an exam paper, an answer, etc. …a person caught plagiarizing or stealing will be subjected to the University’s code of conduct and will be punished accordingly”
  30. 30.  for a tutorial about APA Style for a tutorial about the changes Robin Sontheimer University of Missouri-Kansas City Writing Center 2009
  31. 31. American Psychological Association (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.APA Website: www.apastyle.orgUpdated APA guideline notes on ELCSE website under Student Resources ( APA_Guidelines.pdf)