The First Step to Pond Management

A NATURAL APPROACH TO GARDEN POND
            MANAGEMENT

                    BY

     ...
Landscaping is an important factor in a resort development.
Landscape design is the key to a successful environment establ...
A parcel of water has become an integral part to complete a landscape design.
    Water management is complex and understa...
...and garden ponds or pools become a part of our own creation by
    design




...and more ponds..
    .....more water.....
....fish ponds to swimming pools which
are establish through one element of
nature.....


                 WATE R
WHAT IS ...
1. The chemistry of water quality is dynamic and
complex.

2. It needs proper management and care in order to
achieve the ...
The body of pond water naturally
carries
nutrients, planktons, suspended
particles and more as part of
ecological         ...
Eutrophicated by design

                       Eutrophicated pond is a nightmare.
                       Not all green wa...
...crisp clear.
Gita Bayu, Kuala Lumpur
with LA: Bill Bensley
Club House
The aim of designing a pond is to balance the controllable 'functions'
and be sustainable as to achieve what that is requi...
1/3. RIGHT WATER FITLRATION SYSTEM


            The main problem in pond management is eutrophication.
     Eutrophicatio...
What is a biological filtration system?
I used to think
DRINKING was
  bad for me,
                  .....is a pollution c...
The Nitrogen Cycle as simplified.
The application of the bio-filtration system should designed
to maximum filtration efficiency with minimal maintenance.
St Regis Resort, Bali
with LA: Bill Bensley
Mural Fish Pond
2/3. HELPFUL AND ROLE PLAYING FISHES

               The fish that are the masters and the monsters...




       ai gorom...
The fish nominees for the role as natural pond
      managers are . . . . . .
                                            ...
3/3. FUNCTIONAL AQUATIC PLANTS
                                    Aquatic plants are meant
                              ...
RECOMMENDED PLANTS




Eichhornia              Elodea
                                        Pandanus                Nelu...
CORRECT FISH TYPE




IMPRESSIVE AND
                               FUNCTIONAL
WORKABLE POND
                             ...
Novotel Coralia Bali
with LA: Bill Bensley
Kayu Manis Resort, Bali
with LA: Karl Princic
St. Regis Resort Bali
with LA: Bill Bensley
Private Residence, Phuket
with LA: Karl Princic
ParkCity Kuala Lumpur
5-acre Lake Garden
Can this pond be made for swimming ?




Private Residence KL
From fish pond to swimming pool minus chlorine ?




                                    Swimming pool




      Fish pond...
HOW NOT TO CHLORINATE THE POOL FOR SWIMMING ?
Challenge:              Cause:                Solution:

1. Eutrophicated po...
APPLICATION OF BIO-FILTRATION SYSTEM IN SWIMMING POOL
                                                  Sand Pressured Fil...
Fish pond




Swimming pool
Fish pond




Swimming pool
Private Residence, Bali
Does a non-chlorinated swimming pool means....
    ..........a healthy, safe & chemical-free aquatic environment ?

Which ...
CONCLUSION

Water supports many life forms from
simple unicellular algae to complex
organisms like fishes.
Therefore, natu...
“All things are artificial, for nature is the art of God.”
              Sir Thomas Browne, Religio Medici 1635


        ...
A Natural Approach To Garden Pond Management
A Natural Approach To Garden Pond Management
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A Natural Approach To Garden Pond Management

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chemical free management of pond water. Self sustainable concept

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A Natural Approach To Garden Pond Management

  1. 1. The First Step to Pond Management A NATURAL APPROACH TO GARDEN POND MANAGEMENT BY NG KOK HONG AYERMATAHARI www.wix.com/ayer/ayer http://ayermatahari.wordpress.com kokhong@inbox.com
  2. 2. Landscaping is an important factor in a resort development. Landscape design is the key to a successful environment establishment.
  3. 3. A parcel of water has become an integral part to complete a landscape design. Water management is complex and understanding its effect is vital.
  4. 4. ...and garden ponds or pools become a part of our own creation by design ...and more ponds.. .....more water.....
  5. 5. ....fish ponds to swimming pools which are establish through one element of nature..... WATE R WHAT IS WATER? A clear, colorless, odorless, and tasteless liquid, H2O, essential for most plant and animal life and the most widely used of all solvents. Freezing point 0 C (32 F); boiling point 100 C (212 F); specific gravity (4 C) 1.0000; weight per gallon (15 C) 8.338 pounds (3.782 kilograms).
  6. 6. 1. The chemistry of water quality is dynamic and complex. 2. It needs proper management and care in order to achieve the water quality required and specified by pond owner but not by nature. 3. Pond designers must work with H2O, that is: two parts Heart and one part Obsession, if to be successful.
  7. 7. The body of pond water naturally carries nutrients, planktons, suspended particles and more as part of ecological needs. Therefore, these natural occupants of water make the water to appear greenish, brownish or even turbid and smells.
  8. 8. Eutrophicated by design Eutrophicated pond is a nightmare. Not all green water ponds are bad but in most or all cases, they are damaging to intended aesthetic. Greenish water in man-designed- made pond is not truly accepted in the market but by all almighty command, the quality of pond water in resort or home garden has to be . . . . . . . . . . . A natural occurrence
  9. 9. ...crisp clear.
  10. 10. Gita Bayu, Kuala Lumpur with LA: Bill Bensley Club House
  11. 11. The aim of designing a pond is to balance the controllable 'functions' and be sustainable as to achieve what that is required in a finished product. This can be achieved by understanding and applying the right natural components that are controllable. They are : Lagenda, Langkawi Puntius schwanenfeldii Nelumbo nucifera 1. Right water filtration 2. Helpful and role-playing 3. Functional aquatic system fishes plants
  12. 12. 1/3. RIGHT WATER FITLRATION SYSTEM The main problem in pond management is eutrophication. Eutrophication, a term to describe any excessive nutrient load in water that leads to the formation of complicated and uninvited characteristic of water quality such as dark green water. You need the right filtration system to reduce and control excessive organic wastes in ponds. You need a biological filtration system. Not a mechanical filtration system Not a chemical filtration system
  13. 13. What is a biological filtration system? I used to think DRINKING was bad for me, .....is a pollution control technique using ..so i gave up living material (bacteria) to capture and thinking biologically degrade process pollutants (excess organic nutrients). How it works? ....it utilises naturally occurring bacteria for the purpose of mineralisation of organic nitrogenous compounds. In simple terms, it helps to breakdown dissolved organic wastes into non-toxic nitrate and nitrogen or technically we called it..the nitrogen cycle. What is the nitrogen cycle?
  14. 14. The Nitrogen Cycle as simplified.
  15. 15. The application of the bio-filtration system should designed to maximum filtration efficiency with minimal maintenance.
  16. 16. St Regis Resort, Bali with LA: Bill Bensley Mural Fish Pond
  17. 17. 2/3. HELPFUL AND ROLE PLAYING FISHES The fish that are the masters and the monsters... ai goromo, goshiki, kohaku, maruten, shiro utsuri, showa ... if these names are alien to you, so are the Japanese kois. They are the favourite among all but most useless as a role player in pond management. High maintenance, disease prone, domesticated cross-bred fish. These masters that are meant for hobbyist.
  18. 18. The fish nominees for the role as natural pond managers are . . . . . . Tor tambroides Puntius schwanenfeldii Exotic Pearl gouramy, Colisa Gold Severum Ospranemus gouramy Barbus tetrazona They are the ones that worked for nothing. They sweep the pond floor, wipe the wall of algae, eat up mosquitoes larvae, fertilize the plants, occasionally perform for the family and remain friends. These are low maintenance fishes and are the most natural pond keepers. Leave the work to the expertise in the world underwater.
  19. 19. 3/3. FUNCTIONAL AQUATIC PLANTS Aquatic plants are meant to be functional in pond. They are the natural water filter. In wetlands, they are the key players in controlling wastes in water but some can be detrimental to the environment. Nelumbo nucifera Private Residence, Kuala Lumpur
  20. 20. RECOMMENDED PLANTS Eichhornia Elodea Pandanus Nelumbo Salvinia Lemna Typha Nymphaea Cyperus Mother-in-law Echinodorus Rhizophora DAMAGING AND INVASIVE
  21. 21. CORRECT FISH TYPE IMPRESSIVE AND FUNCTIONAL WORKABLE POND PLANTS DESIGN RIGHT FILTRATION SYSTEM
  22. 22. Novotel Coralia Bali with LA: Bill Bensley
  23. 23. Kayu Manis Resort, Bali with LA: Karl Princic
  24. 24. St. Regis Resort Bali with LA: Bill Bensley
  25. 25. Private Residence, Phuket with LA: Karl Princic
  26. 26. ParkCity Kuala Lumpur 5-acre Lake Garden
  27. 27. Can this pond be made for swimming ? Private Residence KL
  28. 28. From fish pond to swimming pool minus chlorine ? Swimming pool Fish pond Private Residence, Bali
  29. 29. HOW NOT TO CHLORINATE THE POOL FOR SWIMMING ? Challenge: Cause: Solution: 1. Eutrophicated pool Excessive An effective biological in tropical climate: nutrients in water. filtration system. Water murky and greenish. 2. Infections. Pathogens and Effective disinfection germs. system like ozone or UV systems. 3. Water turbid and Suspended non- Physical filter like sand murky. organic solids like pressured filter. clay particles. Chemicals & Activated carbon filter. 4. Odor and stains in natural pollutants. water.
  30. 30. APPLICATION OF BIO-FILTRATION SYSTEM IN SWIMMING POOL Sand Pressured Filter : Physical filtration system Bio-filtration bed Ozone or other effective disinfection system FISH POND Bio-filtration bed Activated carbon filtration system SWIMMING POOL
  31. 31. Fish pond Swimming pool
  32. 32. Fish pond Swimming pool
  33. 33. Private Residence, Bali
  34. 34. Does a non-chlorinated swimming pool means.... ..........a healthy, safe & chemical-free aquatic environment ? Which is more detrimental ? Chemical like chlorine or germs like E. coli ? E.coli
  35. 35. CONCLUSION Water supports many life forms from simple unicellular algae to complex organisms like fishes. Therefore, naturally it is not meant to be chemically polluted, especially with chemical like chlorine. Whatever the role of water in any architectural creation of any size, it remains a responsibility and not just an entity. Water bodies and their problems are such will remain a mystery until a proper understanding between aquatic ecology and design is achieved and applied efficiently and correctly. Pond or pool design and water management must be addressed from the very beginning before they become a burden rather than a welcome feature.
  36. 36. “All things are artificial, for nature is the art of God.” Sir Thomas Browne, Religio Medici 1635 Thank you

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