1a.This message to the BouleWe are sending a messageThis will not be emotional presentation or a presentation of feeling of anger but presentation of documented hard research, knowledge and nothing but the facts.
4a.Mayans Predict Age of Transition. December 2012 marks the ending of the current b'ak'tun cycle of the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, which was used in Central America prior to the arrival of Europeans. Though the Long Count was most likely invented by the Olmec, it has become closely associated with the Maya civilization, whose classic period lasted from 250 to 900 AD.The modern Maya, on the whole, have not attached much significance to the date, and the classical sources on the subject are scarce and contradictory, suggesting that there was little if any universal agreement among them about what, if anything, the date might mean. Many New Age thinkers believe that the ending of this cycle will correspond to a global "consciousness shift".
5a.Mapping the Global Future: Report of the National Intelligence Council's 2020 Project was published in December 2004 with a long-term view of the future. The NIC is the center for midterm and long-term strategic thinking within the US Government.
6a.Katanga ProvinceTrinidad and Tobago becomes a developed country under the Vision 2020.Several underdeveloped countries have plans to become developed countries by 2020.Philippines, Chile, India, Malaysia and Oman has becomes a developed country. Shanghai is set to become an International financial centre and global shipping hub.
7a.Cars that drive themselves on smart highways, 3-D video conferencing, all these have been predicted for 2020.Volvo hopes to use radar, sonar and other advanced technologies to create a crash-proof car by 2020.The IBM Institute for Business Value concluded from their study "Automotive 2020: Clarity Beyond the Chaos" that all automobiles will have some level of hybridization by 2020.Toyota's vice president in charge of powertrain development also believes that all Toyota cars produced will be hybrid vehicles by 2020.
8a.Last nuclear power plant in Germany scheduled to shut down.Global oil production is expected to peak.
9a.New Aircraft where passengers will be seated along the wings and not as amphitheater and spacecraft were envisioned to replace NASA's retiring space shuttles and return astronauts to the moon by 2020.The Russian Federal Space Agency says that they plan to be mining helium-3 from the moon by this year.
10a.Imagine a high-speed rail line that could get you from San Francisco to LA in 2 hours and 40 minutes.220 MPH
11a.Headlines: Brett Favre (2020 MVP)The 46th President of United States of AmericaMadam President Oprah Winfrey
12a.Give evidence of incidents, threats and warnings.I’d rediscovery the Boule in a presentation I made with “Black Athena the Egyptian influence of the Roots of Greece. (Behind the Island of Crete) from Classical Greek writers” by Martin Bernal (pg.42). Martin Bernal states on (pg.42) in Black Athena that this is not simply matter of just art history but it strongly suggestions of political importance of griffins flanked the throne.
13a.Cheikh Anta Diop also states that the Boule is a council of citizens who is chosen for terms. The person would be responsible for each task of any social political issues. (War, peace, budget of public works on which everybody could speak, propose amendments and vote). (pg. 161)So we will not only look at the history of the Boule, but its structure, rituals and it mission to relieve the King of his civil duties.
15a.The griffin, a lion with the head of a hawk or eagle was also introduced to Crete. (Grecian Sphinx)Diop states, although the sphinx originated in Egypt much earlier but the winged one appear in Crete at the end of the 18th century.– Two important Greek motifs introduced in Minoan Crete were the winged sphinx and the griffin (Iconic symbol for the Boule). – Although the sphinx originated in Egypt much earlier, the winged ones appeared in Crete. – The griffin was frequently represented for the next 500 years throughout the Aegean Sea. Boule is a Greek word which stands for a term that means “a council of leaders who will advise the kings”.
16a.The griffin was frequently represented for the next 500 years throughout the Aegean Sea. This image was found at Gibraltar SpainBoule is a Greek word which stands for a term that means “a council of leaders who will advise the kings.
17a.Although the sphinx originated in Egypt much earlier, the winged ones appeared in Crete.
18a.It was normal Monday night at CABE with (Legrand Clegg) as any another Monday July 22, 1990. Think of ways to how to burn Hollywood again. Daima brought the article and presented it to the group that night, it was passed around the table and it was consider significance.That Friday 7/26/90 at The Good Life, Steve Cokely was lecturing. Astenu mention the article to Steve and requested that he retrieve the article from his ride and bring it to the front.
On the front page of the LA Times dated 7/18/90: Elite Fraternity…..for Black men by Karen Grigsby Bates, exposing a secret Greek Black fraternity known as the Boule (Sigma Pi Phi) with its own Agenda for the Black Americans.Now what we understand is we not only have the rules, their regulations and yes we have their history book. It even seems that these implications seem to be absent on the mind of some members.We non Greeks know more now about the Boule than some members of the Boule.Do we have reason to be suspicious of group of black men organized since 1904 to assist the dominate culture its role of oversight over people of color. Fasten yourself, kick your shoes off cause this is your wake call.Is there a reason we should be suspicious of a group of black men who are organize to assist the dominate culture.
18a.Just like Yale’s Skull and Bones secret society to which George Bush belongs. (Skull and bone, the brotherhood of death the brotherhood of tomb _ 322_ Bones men).
19a.Geronimo's SkullBy IshaanTharoor Wednesday, May. 12, 2010 It's a strange fate that the bones of one of America's most fearful enemies have come to define one of its most hallowed institutions of power. The Apache warlord Geronimo, part-guerrilla, part-shaman, launched raids across the Southwest and harried and evaded U.S. and Mexican troops for nearly three decades until his capture in 1886. But, as the story goes, the legendary rebel was not allowed to lie in peace after his death in U.S. captivity in 1909: Six members of Yale's Skull and Bones secret society, including Prescott Bush, grandfather of 43rd President George W. Bush, allegedly dug up Geronimo's grave while serving as army volunteers in Oklahoma during World War I. A letter written by one of the members of the society in 1918 was brought to light by a New Haven-based researcher four years ago: "The skull of the worthy Geronimo the Terrible," it read, "exhumed from its tomb at Fort Sill by your club... is now safe inside the tomb and bone together with his well worn femurs, bit and saddle horn." The second "tomb" mentioned presumably refers to the society's windowless, red stone edifice in New Haven. A flurry of law suits to retrieve Geronimo's skull followed to the Skull and Bones, which denies possession of the Apache's remains. It still can't ward away campus rumors of the skull appearing in the society's nocturnal initiation rites, staring hollowly at the future rulers of the nation whose expansion he fought so fiercely.The Critical mention was made by Henry Minton on page 28 in the History of Sigma Phi Pi book, in his own words: Minton wanted to create an organization which would partake like the tenets of Skulls and Bones at Yale. The tomb that George G.W. Bush has came from.Even back in the day G.W. could make up his mind.Members are assigned nicknames. Many of the chosen names are drawn from literature ("Hamlet," "Uncle Remus"), from religion and from myth. George W. Bush, unable to decide his name should be. He was given the name temporarily called "Temporary," and the name was never changed.
20a.What we find in this discussion is that college men and their wealth and their prestigious is a tool to separate.But we know is that Education, by no means an indicator of one intelligence.Especially, when it from “an unhelpful adverse culture.”Education that is given by a dominate culture that’s has been hostile that has colonize our people. That has proven to be unhelpful and adverse is not a measure of one’s intelligence proves only a measure of tolerance.
21a.The Boule believes that they can’t be too black without being threatening to the dominate culture, so they decided to be Greek to bring only comfort for the white man.Greeks, structure and symbolismBoule Alain Locke (Yale) and first Black Rhodes Scholar was instrumental is the symbolism and ritual, Skull and Bones and Upper masonry all had strong homosexual influences in their structures. Lower masonry has a ritual that all new initiate has to lower their pants and show their genitals.Or just maybe it’s a Greek thing and I can’t seem understand.
22a.Booker T. Washington said once that your must not judge a man by the heights to which he has risen, but by the depths from which he came.
23a.Now I understand the threat Booker T. Washington, Marcus Garvey and Harlem Renaissance was to the Talent Tenth (Boule) (Harlem Reader pg.xxiv)
24a.W.E.B. Dubois led the attack on Marcus Garvey. In the case of Marcus Garvey and UNIA, Garvey was thirty three years old and UNIA two and half years old before DuBois began to consider them seriously… The white people began to ask “what does it all mean?Quite naturally they would ask DuBois a recognized Negro leader and writer about it. He knew very little about it. Let hear what he knew about his community.Read Afrikan Fundamentalism pg. 75 Ten Mistakes: (#5, #6, #7, #9, #10 and conclusion) from Century Magazine article.
24a.The Boule was to steer the black professional away from the likes of Marcus Garvey, an African centric organization that can capture the black professional minds and would give the white man no haven in the black community. Marcus Garvey was in for a fight for the black professional.Although the Marcus Garvey Black to Afrika movement was its own worst enemy, the Talented Tenth waspleased to help the Justice Department speed its demise.I do hold them responsible for the destruction of the Marcus Garvey and the black movement of one million Afrikan strong thru their hindrance and interference.Marcus Garvey did not know that these men were intervening against him they were the Boule andand I’m sure that Marcus Garvey never knew that these talents tenth were a subversive, adverse and clandestine organization.Marcus Garvey states in speech: That there’s one editor and leader went so far as to say at his so called Pan African Congress that American Negroes could not live in Africa, because the climate was too hot.
32a.In 1926, a group of young black writers Zora Neal Hurston, Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen and Wallace Thurman, calling themselves the Niggerati, produced a literary magazine called Fire!! That featured many of the young artists and writers of the Harlem Renaissance.The magazine was found by Duboisoffensive for many reasons and it was denounced by Black leaders such as other Talented Tenth, "Who viewed the magazine as decadent and vulgar”.Langston Hughes was not only a role model who called for black racial pride instead of assimilation, but the most important technical influence with his emphasis on folk and jazz rhythms as the basis of his poetry of racial pride.
33a.Read the Hilltop into the record
36a.So when a Boule member tells you he doesn’t know what happening in his own chapter every month. It’s not the truth. Which is a contradiction to what we know about the Boule structure we see?They also claim that when their backs are against the wall that the Boule is just a social group which is a bunch of guys who just like to have fun.
37a.In 1995 voters in California outlawed affirmative action policies, especially for colleges and universities, and as a result the delegates at the Grand Boule in Houston, Texas. In 1996, The Grand Boule voted to boycott any meetings in California and thus not meet in San Diego in 1998 as scheduled. Following the signal of the delegates, the Executive Committee, which has authority to fix the date and place of meetings of the Grand Boule, unanimously agreed to stay out of California. Alpha Omicron Boule in Seattle, Washington, invited the Grand Boule to come to that city instead, and in 1998 Alpha Omicron hosted a superb session there. The decision to stand on principle and boycott California had not come easily, nor was it cheap. Indeed, that vote was a major manifestation of the Boule’s social and political action. The Boule claim that all they wish is to pull themselves up by their bootstraps. If that was so, then they should have embraced Booker T. Washington, Marcus Garvey and Malcolm X.
40a.Explain Malcolm concerns• Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968): the chairman of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) was a Baptist minister, activist, and the most famous leader of the Civil Rights Movement. King won the Nobel Peace Prize and Presidential Medal of Freedom before his assassination in 1968. For his promotion of nonviolence and racial equality, King is considered a peacemaker and martyr by many people around the world. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day in the United States was established in his honor.• James Farmer (January 12, 1920 – July 9, 1999): In 1942 Farmer founded the Congress of Racial Equality or CORE, a pacifist organization dedicated to achieving racial harmony and equality through nonviolence, and stayed active in the Civil Rights Movement through the 1950s and '60s. He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1998, shortly before his death in 1999.• John Lewis (born February 21, 1940): Became a leader in the American Civil Rights Movement as president of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and as a participant with other leaders—such as Diane Nash, James Bevel, and Bernard Lafayette—in the Nashville Student Movement (1959–62). He represented SNCC with a speech at the August 28, 1963 March on Washington. Lewis has represented the 5th District of Georgia in the United States House of Representatives since 1987, a district which includes almost all of Atlanta. A final SNCC legacy is the destruction of the psychological shackles which had kept black southerners in physical and mental peonage; SNCC helped break those chains forever. It demonstrated that ordinary women and men, young and old, could perform extraordinary tasks.—Julian Bond• A. Philip Randolph (April 15, 1889 – May 16, 1979) was a socialist in the labor movement and the U.S. civil rights movement. In 1925, Randolph organized the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. This was the first serious effort to form a labor union for the employees of the Pullman Company, which was a major employer of African Americans.• Roy Wilkins (August 30, 1901 – September 8, 1981) was a prominent civil rights activist in the United States from the 1930s to the 1970s. In 1955, Wilkins was named executive director of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). He had an excellent reputation as an articulate spokesperson for the civil rights movement. He participated in the March on Washington (1963), the Selma to Montgomery marches (1965), and the March Against Fear (1966).• Whitney Young (July 31, 1921 – March 11, 1971) spent most of his career working to end employment discrimination in the South and turning the National Urban League from a relatively passive civil rights organization into one that aggressively fought for justice.March organizers themselves disagreed over the purpose of the march. The NAACP and Urban League saw it as a gesture of support for a civil rights bill that had been introduced by the Kennedy Administration. Randolph, King, and the SCLC saw it as a way of raising both civil rights and economic issues to national attention beyond the Kennedy bill. SNCC and CORE saw it as a way of challenging and condemning the Kennedy administration's inaction and lack of support for civil rights for African-Americans. Read the Autobiography of Malcolm X (pg. 418)While, in upstate New York, I’d received a telephone call from a close friend who said he had been asked to ask me if I would come to New York City on an appointed day to meet with “a very high Government official” who was interested in Malcolm X. I’d fly down to the city. My friend accompanied me to the offices of a large private foundation well known for its activities and donations in the civil rights area. I met the foundation’s president and he introduced me to the Justice Department Civil Right Section head, Burke Marshall. Marshall was chiefly interested in Malcolm X’s finances, particularly how his extensive traveling since his Black Muslim ouster had been paid for. I told him that to the best of my knowledge the several payments form the publisher had finance Malcolm X, along with fees he received for some speeches, and possible donation that his organization received and the Malcolm X had told me to borrowing money from his Sister Ella for the current trip, and that recently the Saturday Evening Post ad bought the condensation rights of the book for a substantial sum that was soon to be received Marshall listened quietly, intently and asked a few questions concerning other aspects of Malcolm X’s life, then thanked me. I wrote to Malcolm X I Cairo that night about the interview. He never mentioned it.On the Ford Foundation: Joan Roelofs_ Foundations and Public Policy: the Mask of Pluralism (State University of New York Press, 2003) argues that Ford and similar foundations play a key role in co-opting opposition movements. She reports that John J. McCloy, while chairman of the Ford Foundation's board of trustees from 1958 to 1965, "...thought of the Ford Foundation was a quasi-extension of the U.S. government.Burke Marshall was an American lawyer and head of the Civil Rights Division of the United States Department of Justice during the Civil Rights Era. B.A. Yale University (Skull and Bones) He joined the army, working in the intelligence corps.
Read last paragraph from article. September/October 1992 issue.
Haley, who was bisexual, lived the remaining years of his life in his home in Norris, Tennessee with his male lover and spent time working on Queen. Although he has passed away and one of the world’s greatest mixed race writers is forever gone, his spirit will live on in his works.It’s a greek thing.
38a.I’d always believed that one should never bite the hand that feed you. N.A.S.A. Director_ Charles Bolden.
41a.“Lawrence, I don’t think these are our kind of people in this room” remarked a Los Angeles doctor friend of mine who had grown up with me in Jack and Jill.This was the first time there were a gathering this in L.A. and it did seemed different and the people present did not come from the world of the black elites.One prominent author who sat with me on the panel suddenly announced that she could stay of only the first five minutes of a sixty minute discussion. Rather than discuss her experience of being black woman at Wellesley… and her experience of growing up in a well connected light complexioned black elite family, she neutralized the angry crowd by trotting out an unconvincing “I’m just a down home sister like the rest of y’all and included such phrases as “giving back to the people… were all the same… each one teach one…. Were all in this together… never forget where you came from “as the blond haired Wellesley graduate ran for the door with security?”The black Yale grad with the long mane of hair in Los Angeles was aware of the book facts when she warned me about showing up on the beaches of Martha’s Vineyard.
42a.In book “Our kind of people”, Lawrence Graham, recall summertime visits from his maternal great grandmother, a well educated light complexioned, straight haired black southern woman who discouraged him and his brother from association with darker skinned children or from standing or playing for long periods in the July sunlight which threatened to blacken our already too dark skin.
43a.Heroes… Reginald Lewis, he’s a hero. The decision for him was to write this book about the black upper class was a result of an awkward, but memorable encounter that he had during lunch with one of the Country’s most successful businessmen. It was Reginald Lewis the wealthiest black man in America.In 1987, his purchase of Beatrice Foods, the 2.5 billion international packaged goods company, in what was at the time the largest leveraged buyout in U.S. history.Reginald Lewis was becoming wealthier and more powerful each year. Increasingly, with each new business deal he was working and socializing and living less and less among black people.He talked to Reginald Lewis about the Boule and the Links considered being the most prestigious private social group for black men and women. They talked in detailed about the proper summer resorts, sleep away camps, boarding schools and black debutante cotillions.Reginald Lewis stated: “You oughtta turn all of this into a book”. I’d laughed at the time because his remark seemed like a mocking of my detailed knowledge of all the issues and groups.
44a.Reginald Lewis was born in 1942 in a working-class Baltimore neighborhood and grew up with three brothers and two sisters. Both of his parents were working class, his mother as a postal clerk and his father as a teacher.After attending a Roman Catholic private school, Lewis went on to Dunbar High School, where he excelled both in his studies and in sports.In 1992, Forbes magazine listed Lewis among the 400 richest Americans with a net worth estimated at $400 million. He also was the first African American to build a billion dollar company.He died at age 50, from brain cancer.
45a.Greetings from the Lovely Ladies of the Long Beach Chapter!We welcome and encourage you to learn more about Jack & Jill membership.Membership in Jack and Jill of America, Inc. is by invitation only.
46a.Social and family organizationsOver the years, the black upper class has also founded numerous other organizations that allow them to socialize among each other, build their networks.Jack and Jill of America: One of the most prominent is Jack and Jill of America, Inc., an organization founded in Philadelphia, PA in 1938 by a group of Black upper-class women (Girlfriends Inc.) who wanted to bring their children together to have a variety of educational, social and cultural experiences. Today, there are around 218 chapters across the United States and the world. Roughly 30,000 parents and children participate through 9,500 mothers who hold membership. Membership is by invitation-only and, even then, not guaranteed due to the extensive chapter selection process, which may last a year or longer and may include a vote. Membership is limited to mothers of children between the ages of 2-19.As a child going to Jack and Jill weekend excursion, fund raisers, black tie dances or backyard tennis parties, I was introduced to the fact that there was a national network of black children who grew up smart ambitious, well to do and proud of their black heritage. Whether or not the group was intended to serve as such, it also introduced young boys and girls as future dates and spouses.
49a. So how does one get in? By knowing someone who already belongs, but it’s even more complicated because after one in sponsored by a current member one may not even be interviewed or considered if there is no open space for a new family to join. In fact, the only individuals guaranteed memberships are those whose parents were jack and Jill members as children.Have youth Read (pg. 32) Each year the organization publishes an annual yearbook called up the Hill, which features photos and reports from the local chapters as a chronicle of growing up in the black elite, coast to coast. Many think of it as a black children’s version of the Social Register.Because many of the events and meeting took place in people’s homes, the kids were acutely aware of each other’s homes and cars.• Your house is so small; I walked in the front door and fell out the back.• Your kitchen is so tiny, I lit a cigarette and your mother asked “who turned up the heat?”• Your garage is so small; you need a shoehorn to get your car inside.
47a.The LINKS, Incorporated, founded in 1946, requires that each of its members accumulate a substantial number of volunteer hours, and is also known for its numerous annual social activities including debutante cotillions, fashion show luncheons, auctions and balls. Women interested in joining any of the local chapters must be nominated by a current member. Most members are philanthropists, college presidents, judges, doctors, bankers, lawyers, executives, educators or the wives of well-known public figures... There are currently about 12,000 members in 273 chapters in 42 states.
50a.The Girl Friends, Inc. was founded in 1927 in New York City.
50a.The favored national groups have always been the AKAs or the Deltas, the Links, the Girlfriends, the Smart Set in Houston, Jack and Jill or certain local or regional clubs like the Royal Snakes in Chicago and Hillbillies in Washington D.C.
51a.The group, composed of many individuals from well-respected black upper class families, has many philanthropic and cultural activities that include raising money for charities and also sponsors social activities for its members.
52a.It includes about 40 chapters in major American cities such as Chicago, Los Angeles and Atlanta. There are around 1,300 members. Women are admitted after being nominated by at least two existing members and then approved by at least two-thirds of that particular chapter.
53a.For some members of the elite, this is a negative factor because they like the idea of insulating their kids from inner city children who might confirm certain negative stereotypes or worse mock their children but for many other parents the diversity helps them introduce their affluent children to the real world.The boarding school that did this better than any other, was Palmer Memorial institute in Sedalia, North Carolina. Read (pg. 56).
54a.The Ivory Coast, Guinea and the Gold Coast and other areas of West Africa were simply profitable ports of call… slave traders and shippers who captured dehumanized, raped and sold men women and children on blocks at boat docks up and down the East Coast of the United States.To the traders, a sale at an average price of $500 per man and $250 per woman or child (there were South Carolina 1801 prices eventually raised as high as $1300 or $1400 by 1860).
55a.When black slave arrived on many plantations they were ultimately divided into two general groups… (The terms house Negroes and the field Negroes…)As the caste system among the slaves was given by slave owners and their families, the elite slave they came to believe that one group was indeed superior to the other…It is evident that the fixation on skin color by both upper class whites and blacks derives from the fact that light skinned blacks were given a favored status by white slave owners form their very early interaction during the slavery period.
56a.What has became evident is a clear certain pattern of denial that from the Boule? In the past when a Boule has identified himself as Boule and or has been discover to be a member. There have been two acceptable answers that are suggested to give if you have been exposed and if has been now out in the open. • I do not know what that means.• When they have been corner and do know… the other officially answers is: “I do not know what that means”.The pattern is clear, so allow me to ask this last question to the ancestors… can they be brothers first and then Boule second or will they be Boule first and brother later… that is if at all.
Will There Be Any House Negroes in the Year 2020?
Afrikan Study Group Long Beach(ASCAC)Thursday 15 July 2010<br />Will There Be House Negroes in the Year2020?<br />The Boule: <br />Black Male Secret Society and Other Black Upper Class Elite Societies.<br />Presented by Kwesi Osafo <br />A review of two books:<br />History of Sigma Pi Phi: by Boule Historian Charles Wesley<br />and<br />Our Kind of People: Inside America’s Black Upper Class:<br />by Lawrence Otis Graham<br />1<br />
<ul><li>Astrophysicist Dr. Beth Brown, one of our rising stars in Astronomy had risen on a higher plane.
She lit up a room with her wonderful smile; she made everyone in her presence feel that they were important.
Dr. Beth Brown was an Astrophysicist in the Sciences and Exploration Directorate at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center.
Beth was always fascinated by space; she grew up watching "Star Trek" and "Star Wars", which motivated her to become an astronaut.</li></ul>Astrophysicist Dr. Beth Brown<br />1969-2008<br />Dr. Brown received her undergraduate degree in astrophysics from Howard University, and received an M.S. and Ph.D. in astronomy from the University of Michigan. She was the first African-American woman to obtain a doctorate from the University of Michigan's Department of Astronomy. Her first position at Goddard began in 1998.<br />
An early Mesoamerican Indian civilization centered in the Veracruz region of southeast Mexico that flourished between 1300 and 400 B.C., whose cultural influence was widespread throughout southern Mexico and Central America<br />3<br />
Why Greece? <br />They believed that the Greek city States were successful in organization and believe they were able to create Greek philosophy without outside influence of any other culture. <br />Sparta was under the strictest military discipline of all time.<br /><ul><li>Newborns belonged to the state and if they had any physical malformation making they unfit for military service in defense of the state. The order would be that they be fed to predators.
Otherwise they were returned to their parents until the age of seven, once seven they were enlisted in the military where they underwent a training of inhumane ruthlessness.
Disregarded of any intellectual development, taught endurance, courage and blind obedience.
The child was taught to steal to feed himself.
To be initiated in the military he had to catch a Helot by surprise at night and kill him. (Killing of an enemy was of ethical belief and test imposed on young Indo-Europeans before he could enter the circle of adults).
The male Spartan slept in barracks and his family life did not begin until he was thirty and to have relations with his wife was only under cloak.
They spent their lives in military camps separated from their wives and children.
Until he was sixty years old he had to dine every evening at the mess with his military unit.
All male adults were career soldiers until the age of sixty.
Sparta ordered the reversal of feelings to women whose sons had died in battle had to smile and show joy, whereas those whose children had escaped death were to be sad and to weep.</li></ul>20<br />
The Talented Tenth_ The Negro Problem: A Series of Articles by Representatives of today Negroes.<br />21<br />
Booker T. Washington said once that you must not judge a man by the heights to which he has risen, but by the depths from which he came.<br />22<br />
Booker T. Washington: <br />At a speech before the National Peace Jubilee, in Chicago, back in 1898. He told the mostly white audience that in no way should they ever even think about questioning the American Negro’s patriotism and contributions to America, the founding of America, through the various wars up to undermining America’s greatness, and ended with these words:<br />"When the crucial test comes, do not be ashamed of us. We have never betrayed or deceived you. You know that as it has been, so it will be. Whether in war or in peace, whether in slavery or in freedom, we have always been loyal to the Stars and Stripes.”<br />23<br />
Hughes was unashamedly black at a time when blackness was démodé, and he didn’t go much beyond the themes of black is beautiful as he explored the black human condition in a variety of depths…Thus, his poetry and fiction centered generally on insightful views of the working class lives of blacks in America, lives he portrayed as full of struggle, joy, laughter, and music. His work is fill with pride in the African American identity and its diverse culture. Therefore, in his work he confronted racial stereotypes, protested social conditions, and expanded African America’s image of itself; a “people’s poet” who sought to reeducate both audience and artist by lifting the theory of the black aesthetic into reality.<br />Langston Hughes was not only a role model for his calls for black racial pride instead of assimilation, but the most important technical influence in his emphasis on folk and jazz rhythms as the basis of his poetry of racial pride.<br />26<br />
In 1926, a group of young black writers including Zora Neal Hurston, Langston Hughes, and Wallace Thurman, they called themselves: “The Niggerati”Produced a literary magazine called “Fire” that featured many of the young artists and writers of the Harlem Renaissance.<br />Hughes known as the peoples poet and is best-known for his work during the Harlem Renaissance.<br />He was of the earliest innovators of the new literary art form called jazz poetry. <br />He famously wrote about the Harlem Renaissance by saying that "Harlem was in vogue.“<br />32<br />
In 1973 African-American novelist Alice Walker and literary scholar Charlotte Hunt found an unmarked grave in the general area where Hurston had been buried and decided to mark it as hers.<br />33<br />
Boule Structure Executive Board<br />Program Committee<br />Social Committee<br />Membership Council<br />Financial Budget committee<br />Historical Committee<br />Social Action Committee _youth<br />Welfare committee<br /> <br />The Grand Boule meets every other July.<br />Read pg 258: Xi Los Angeles Boule Chapter<br />Their Logo: Grecian Sphinx is in the constitution article 2 Sec 1: <br />This pin must be worn on the left side and must be buried with it.<br />They also claim that when their backs are against the wall that the Boule is just a social group which is a bunch of guys who just like to have fun.<br />So when a Boule member tells you he doesn’t know what happening in his own chapter every month. It’s not the truth. (Pg.213)<br />The HNIC (Head Negro In-charge) <br />The most devious of them all.<br /><ul><li>Sire Archon
Sophia = Wisdom the kind obtained by long study and seeking after the truth.Pistis = Faith one of the pillars upon which the fraternity is build.Philea=Brotherhood and friendship the very thing for which Sigma Pi Phi was established.<br />The three Greek letters on the pin stand for three words and the meaning of which represent the basic principles of the fraternity.<br />Hence it is that we carry around on our outer person the Sphinx the symbol of the inner spirit which characterizes all true archons and which directs their lives and their relationships with all other archons.<br />35<br />
BLACK STARS IN ORBIT, NASA’s African<br />American Astronauts<br />39<br />
Bryant Gumbel is… but Bill Cosby isn’t. Lena Horne is… but Whitney Houston isn’t.Andrew Young is, but Jesse Jackson isn’t.And neither is Maya Angelou, Alice Walker, Clarence Thomas or Quincy Jones.And even though both of them try extremely hard, neither Diana Ross nor Robin Givens will ever be.<br />40<br />