One complete account of the early African presence in Europe should include Scandinavia, Ireland, Scotland, Wales and the British Isles.
2a What is an insult is that you can go to any university thru this land and you will not receive the information you will hear here today. This information is out there, but this dominate cultural seems not willing to share it and / or give it to you.
Don Luke tells a story what first led him to this topic was Legrand Clegg and a lecture he gave of the Twa in the Arctic Circle areas. The climate change became cooler. A new era was being gradually introduced African types in the area since the thaw of the last glacial period of northern European begun to recede.
The early history and legends of Scotland confirm the existence of Afrikan people. During the tenth century Kenneth the Niger ruled over three provinces in the Scottish Highlands. The folk music tradition in Ireland and Scotland its musical elements are still folksy today, the flat 3 rd , 5 th and the 7 th are Afrikan. The Bagpipes originate from Egypt and the Nile valley. Mac Ritchie states that Gypsy popularizes the bagpipes.
Sacred religious legend St. Patrick been credits with banished all snakes from the island of Ireland, but in reality snakes never returned to Ireland after the post-glacial Ireland ice age, though evidence suggests that snakes referred to the uraeus serpent symbolism of the ancient Egyptians of that time and place. The serpent because of its ability to shed old skin for new was also a renewal symbol. In this guise, it later became the emblem of healing. The origins of the name Scotland, mythology suggests that Scots got there name from Queen Scotia, who came from Egypt by way of Ireland according to legends.
Gerald Massey states in the Book of the Beginning: The Nile not only taught them to look to the heavens and observe and register there time and tide of the seasons, but also how to deal with the water by means of dykes, locks, canals, reservoirs until their systems of hydraulics grew a science their agriculture and art and they obtained such mastery over the waters as finally fitted them for issuing forth of conquer the seas and colonize the world.
Stonehenge is located in Southern England which is identified by Massey, Higgins and Albert Churchward and Geoffrey of Monolith all insist that Stonehenge was constructed by people of the Nile Valley ancient Egypt. They sedentary use ground burials are accepted as only a trait during this time as being a trait of an afrikan peoples.
During the 18 th Dynasty of ancient Egypt: had extended Egyptian Colonies to Northern Europe under Queen Hatshepsut and Thutmose III.
In 1500 BCE to 12 th Dynasty Pharaoh Senwosre who maintain thru out most of Eurasia and Asia in 1200 CE until the end of the Viking age. Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Iceland, Northern isles of out Scotland. All at first, visits were then seasonal habitats. Approx. 10,000 BCE to use a rough date. They were not the first to visit these areas. The Twa, a small short dwarf people were the first there. To discover this we need to go beyond historical documentation to other fields like paleontology.
Egyptians and Phoenicians expeditions to the British Isles during the bronze ages approx. 800 BCE. Afrikan Roman Emperor Septimus Severus led thousands of Africans into the British Isles. Roman Historians Diodoros, Claudius, Classidus all reported African types in the British Isles.
Baucus approx. 1000 BCE enter Spain by Professor Van Sertima. Hannibal has defeated northern region of Italy with afrikan soldiers called the Punic Wars and control for a decade. The most significant would be the Moorish expedition over 700 years of dominates over most of Europe. Future evidences may consist of using Geo engineering mappings from satellites identifying buried artifacts and terrain lost by the sands of time.
Scandinavia medieval Icelandic poet Snorri Sturluson who lived at the end of the 12 th century and the start of the 13 th century was present at the end of the Viking age. At a period when the people of Scandinavia looking back their Golden Age and lots of records were been kept and wanted a consciences and identity that reflect their pride of there accomplishment of their ancestors up to that point at the end of this Golden Viking era. Snorri Sturluson states that there many tribes and many tongues “there giants and dwarf, there are black men and many kinds of strange tribes”. This is a Scandinavian European writer who was living at the time. Which I call this an eyewitness account and he is told us the black men were present at that time. He said: there Giants and there were dwarfs. The Scandinavian were very precise about the names and the description of these individuals that they were writing about. Complexion, hair, texture and form (nose eyes lips etc…)
Trying to trace these roots and support this presence. Establish documentary and archeological evidences. Gerald Massey, Albert Churchward and Gregory Higgins. Stolen Legacy by George G M James and Black Athena by Martin Bernal both identifies the Middle kingdom 12 th dynasty approx. (2000 BCE) that the Pharaoh Senwosre has conquers great part of Europe. There were Aryan presence Nordic or Teutonic later.
Thorhall the Hunter, describe in Eric saga as being a large man and strong black like a giant. A prominent Viking of the eleventh century was Thorhall, who was aboard the ship that carried the early Vikings to the shores of North America. Thorhall was &quot;the huntsman in summer and in winter the guardian of Eric the Red. He was, it is said, a large man and strong, black, and like a giant, silent, and foul-mouthed in his speech. Eric saga, Greenlander saga and Nils saga when you careful read the descriptions of Eric himself, his brother and his family of afrikan descent. Whom Eric the red had earlier been described in Greenlander saga and by Leif Eriksson and his son, the discovery of inhabitants on the northeast coast of America were not the Native Pre-Columbian Americans as so we have been taught they were meant to believe, but whom they encounter were the Twa.
The Orkneyinga Saga makes a greater claim - that he controlled seven earldoms in Scotland. As there were only seven earldoms in total, this seems to claim he was King of Scots; but is more probably referring to the strong alliance he held with his half-brother or cousin (historians still debate on this) Macbeth of Moray, King of Scotia That one of the famous King of Scotland in is immortalize in Shakespeare drama Macbeth as Duncan in one passage in term red and another as to being yellow. Therefore, Mac Ritchie believes these are interchangeable terms. In another verse the king Macbeth, was describe as a yellow man and another place as red man when applied to complexion and not hair. Not to go into detail but to describe the image of a 10 th century Danish motif, a dark skin wooly hair individual. Another Viking, more notable than Thorhall, was Earl Thorfinn, &quot;the most distinguished of all the earls in the Islands.&quot; Thorfinn ruled over nine earldoms in Scotland and Ireland, and died at the age of seventy-five. There’s one black man an entire saga was written about, he name was Egil, and he was a Viking and was consider the greatest poet of medieval Scandinavia. Quite a number of poets turn out to be Black people. Thorsten the Black who is mention in the Greenlander saga Nils is the main character in one of the major five sagas.
He was the first the attempt the unification of the Norwegian providences into a nation. Died before he could bring it into fruition, but his son Harold fine hair carried out what his father has begun. He was complete enuf that Norway could be unifying nation. Gwen Jones another Scandinavian writers tell us “the Viking people were not all alike and not of one Nordic (white) race. Because the Danes were distinguish by Irish historian and Wales historian. They were describing as to being black Danes and White Danes... Some author would want to say that the earlier reason that the Dane wore black armor and the Norwegians wore white armor, but that doesn’t hold up by mean of all stated above. Historian Geoffrey of Montlif describe a man named Gorman as Afrikan ruler in Ireland who led an armies of Afrikan in to England for the purpose of conquest who turned out to be a Danish Viking around mid 9 th century CE. So with these evidences that there should not be no doubt that Halfdan the black was a black man and his son Harold the fine hair would have been at least be yellow skinned mulatto in Mac Ritchie book Ancient and Modern Brits. In Egil saga, has describe Harold finehair as a product of a mix union. He’s mother was a European however, as we know as of today that he world be qualified as a negriod or black. Egil is also described as being swarth or swarthy means dark or black complexion by Historian Gwen Jones. There would away be naysayer that would argue that color designation had to refer complexion and not there armor. Grim the chieftain when has check out by Mac Ritchie were determine to be people of Afrikan descent when referring to the people in these sagas and looking at a physical description of these people. Al “the deep minded” come from a line of africoid people. She marries a man known as Olaf the white and had son call Thorsten the red. Mac Ritchie cite sage the term red was interchangeable with the yellow or tawny or Gaelic in vol one. Now this could be further validated when once to deal with a whole group of Scandinavian that was also refers to as the Danes.
The Twa was doing an expedition. They did travel across water with boats. They were sailors. They came before Columbus, Phoenicians, and the Twa were the same people as the Picts. Mac Richie refers to as Picts. Pixies (also Pixy , Pixi , Piskies and Pigsies as they are sometimes known in Cornwall ) are mythical creatures of folklore , considered to be particularly concentrated in the areas around Devon  and Cornwall ,  suggesting some Afrikan origin for the belief and name. By 1869 some were suggesting that the name pixie was a racial remnant of Pictic tribes. Dark Elves and the light Elves was the Lapp and the Dark Elves were Twa. They are usually depicted with pointed ears, and often wearing a green outfit and pointed hat. Sometimes their eyes are described as being pointed upwards at the temple ends. And the early picts were depicted as pirates and raiders on the shores of the British Isles. The Viking was invading also. The historians connected the picts with the Danes too.
Is describe by another Historian Charles Holliday points that Gorman was a historical figure as a ruler and a Danish Viking around mid 9 th century CE and was a contemporary of another General named Thorguise who is know as the founder of Dublin Ireland. Dublin literate means the black pool or black lot in Gallic. In the same area of Dublin we find a bridge named Doughoss Bridge means the black strangers’ bridge. The evidence points Dublin is named after the foreigner black strangers. So it is not the hair and not the armor. Early Scandinavian Dublin: between 795 and 902. This period of Irish history is characterized by a series of conflicts involving three different parties: the native Irish, and two factions of Vikings of uncertain provenance known as the Findgaill or Findgenti (&quot;White Foreigners&quot; or &quot;White Gentiles&quot;) and the Dubgaill or Dubgenti (&quot;Black Foreigners&quot; or &quot;Black Gentiles&quot;). There should be no doubt that the black people presences were in Scandinavian on the isle Zealand in Demark and the Danish themselves appeared to be a colony of afrikan. The Danes unify the islands with the mainland where the name of Denmark get it name today. What is appearing that we are dealing with black types, they may all have not arrived at the same time or they may not have come the from same part of Afrika, in fact some of these black types came from Europe. Mac Richie points out in his book that the people of today England are quite mixed. Teutonic or the Normans, Saxons. So the only identify markers to present of early afrikan in England would be their dark curly hair, eyes and complexion early types.
In conclusion, Jack and the beanstalk, retold by Gerald Massey: the Book of the Beginnings is devoted to a systematic unveiling of the Egyptian origins in the British Isles. Start reading The Book of Beginnings: Volume 1, Introduction page vii, to fairy tales superstitions and folk beliefs. For example, Jack-in-the-box, Jack-in-the-beanstalk both represents the child Horus or Atum… Dr. Asa Hilliard tells the story of: Jack and the beanstalk, is a story of a poor person up in Europe. His mother gave jack a task to go the market and trade their cow for some food. When jack returned he did not have any food and he didn’t have the cow his mother gave him. Jack was told of these magic beans. Jack did trade his family cow for those beans. His mother was convinced that here son jack is not swift and tosses them out the window. Every one went to bed hungry. In the morning Jack woke to find a giant beanstalk that went to the heavens where land of the giant castle (Afrika and the third world). The Giant didn’t know that people would come and be interested in him. Once there, giant’s wife (the Nile Valley) took Jack in and fed him and kept him warm. We also know his ethnic background too because the giant said: “Fe Fi Fo thumb, I smell the blood of an Englishman. The first thing that Jack steals is the loot (The cultural of the people). The second thing that he steals is the egg (The wealth of the people). The third thing that he steals because it got so good to him he steals the means of production (The goose itself)
Early Afrikan presence of the British Isle and Scandinavia
Afrikan Study Group Long Beach (ASCAC) Thursday 21 January 2010 Continuing Presentation Series From Afrikan Presences to Early Europe Edited by Ivan Van Sertima Chapters Afrikan Presence in Northern Europe: Afrikan Presence in the early History of the British isles and Scandinavia by Don Luke And Ancient and Modern Britons: A Review Essay By Runoko Rashidi Presented by Kwesi Osafo