MSc thesis’2011

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MSc thesis’2011

  1. 1. Facies analysis and production classification of Frasnian age reservoir Investigator: Irina Knyazeva Tyumen, 09’2011 Supervisors: Chris Elders
  2. 2. Area of interest Location of the area West Siberia Tectonic map
  3. 3. Regional tectonic
  4. 4. Target Layer: Dkt – clastic Upper Frasnian Late Devonian, Paleozoic Frasnian-Tournaisian Oil&Gas complex Chronostratigraphy
  5. 5. 3D seismic cube Core data – 7 wells Well log data – 27 wells Available data Area of 3D seismic survey 235 km2
  6. 6. Seismic interpretation Core description Sedimentology analysis Facies determination Project workflow Facies analysis Palaeoenvironmen reconstruction Litho-facies differentiation Macro description Fractional composition Cement content Mineralogical composition Phi-K relationship Well logs characteristics Core – Well logs tie 3D litho-facies modeling Litho-facies cube Porosity cube Permeability cube Kh map Output. Recommendations
  7. 7. Seismic interpretation Well #4066 Dkt_top Dkt_bot Fm_top
  8. 8. Seismic interpretation results Bottom of reservoir Top of reservoir
  9. 9. Seismic interpretation results Thickness of reservoir Implication Combination of these three maps shows that sedimentation rate was slower in South-East and much faster in central and North-West parts.
  10. 10. Core description Structural map bottom of the reservoir Wells with core #4053
  11. 11. Facies analysis Tidal channel Tidal bar Tidal flat Characteristics: - Lithology: mud, sand and less commonly conglomerate; - Cross-bedding and cross-lamination structure; - Bimodal in tidal estuaries; - Fossils content typical for shallow marine; - Fining up succession. Tidal channel facies
  12. 12. Facies analysis Tidal channel Tidal bar Tidal flat Tidal bar facies Characteristics: - Lithology: from fine grained to medium grain size sand; - Sigmoidal cross-bedding associated with the tidal deltas and inlet fills; - Bidirectional current indicators.
  13. 13. Facies analysis Tidal channel Tidal bar Tidal flat Tidal flat facies <ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><li>- Lithology: mud and fine grain sand; </li></ul><ul><li>- Tabular muds with thin sheets and lenses of sand; </li></ul><ul><li>Ripple cross-lamination and flaser/lenticular bedding; </li></ul><ul><li>Fossils content: shallow marine fauna and salt marsh vegetations. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Facies analysis Upper shoreface Foreshore Upper shoreface facies Characteristics: - Lithology: from fine-grained to medium grained sand; - Sedimentary structure: planar cross-bedding; - Clean good reservoir with good porosity and permeability values.
  15. 15. Facies analysis Upper shoreface Foreshore Foreshore facies Characteristics: - Lithology: from medium grained to very coarse grained sand; - Sedimentary structure: trough and planar cross-bedding; - Small amount of bioturbation (by Scolithos ichnofacies); - High energy deposition environment.
  16. 16. Ichnofauna examples Palaeophycus . Realted to Scolithos ichnofacies. Characterized by high and low sedimentation energy foreshore. Also typical for storm affected sandstones. Can be found in brackish water Planolites. Realted to Scolithos ichnofacies. Can be found in any type of environments: from fresh water to deep-water settings. Chondrites . Related to Cruziana ichnofacies. Can be found in marine settings. Specific points for Chondrites ichnofacies is low oxygen conditions. Scolithos . Usually for brackish water and marine environments. But Scolithos burrows are result from different organism livings this can be from marine to continental environments. Asterosoma. Related to Cruziana ichnofacies. Can be found in Upper and Lower shoreface settings. Thalassinoids. Related to Cruziana ichnofacies. Typical for brackish water environments.
  17. 17. Palaeoenvironment reconstruction Sweet et al, Basic clastic facies Marginal marine environment Sweetness seismic attribute Gary Nichols, Sedimentology and stratigraphy, lectures, 2011 Tidal channels Tidal bars River Open sea
  18. 18. Litho-facies determination Phi-K transform TNK-BP interpretation My own interpretation Phi , % lgK , mD 0 5 10 15 20 1000 100 10 1 0.1 0.01 LF2 LF1 LF3 LF4 Phi , fraction lgK , mD LF1 < 0.0625 mm LF2 = (0.0625 - 0.25) mm LF3 = (0.25 - 0.5) mm LF4 = (0.5 - 2) mm
  19. 19. Litho-facies determination Phi-K transform TNK-BP interpretation My own interpretation Litho-facies 4: lg К=8.004*lg(Phi)+9.985 Litho-facies 3: lg К=7.819*lg(Phi)+9.198 Litho-facies 2: lg К= 5 . 057 *lg(Phi)+ 5 . 15 9 Litho-facies 1: lg K =3.601*lg( Phi )+2.829 Phi , % lgK , mD 0 5 10 15 20 1000 100 10 1 0.1 0.01 LF2 LF1 LF3 LF4 Phi , fraction lgK , mD
  20. 20. Litho-facies 2 overview Cross-bedded from VFG to FG Sandstone partly bioturbated Core example Fractional composition Mineralogical composition Cement content Litho-facies properties
  21. 21. Litho-facies 3 overview MG poor sorted quartzitic Sandstone with some detrit Core example Fractional composition Mineralogical composition Cement content Litho-facies properties
  22. 22. Litho-facies 4 overview From CG to VCG poor sorted Sandstone with pebble size quartz, often massive structure Core example Fractional composition Mineralogical composition Cement content Litho-facies properties
  23. 23. Litho-facies prediction <ul><li>What do we have? </li></ul><ul><li>7 cored wells; </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of logging tools; </li></ul><ul><li>Poor quality well logging data; </li></ul><ul><li>4 litho-facies defined base on core data; </li></ul><ul><li>20 uncored wells. </li></ul>Problem Litho-facies prediction in uncored wells Solution Statistical technique “Fuzzy Logic” Donetsk anticline 35 wells North Donetsk anticline 2 wells
  24. 24. Prediction results #4053 #4076 Core Core Prediction Prediction Litho-facies 1 Litho-facies 2 Litho-facies 3 Litho-facies 4 Statement Litho-facies prediction using Fuzzy logic is based on assertion that a particular litho-facies type can give any log reading although some readings are more likely than others. Results In a result of prediction we get good differentiation between litho-facies and lithology prediction in uncored wells.
  25. 25. 3D static modeling Structural model Depth 3230 3260 Litho-facies cube Code LF1 LF2 LF3 LF4 Average porosity map Porosity 0.13 0.6 Average permeability map Permeability 1 100
  26. 26. 3D modeling results Output from static modeling is conductivity map kh (permeability*thickness). This map is useful to define and prove most attractive spots with highest oil rate. Kh map allows to eliminate potential productive zones and localize remaining reserves. Prospective drilling zones K*h 8000 0
  27. 27. Conclusion <ul><li>Marginal marine environment – tide dominated estuary; </li></ul><ul><li>5 facies and 4 petrophysical litho-facies within were </li></ul><ul><li>defined and predicted in uncored wells using fuzzy logic </li></ul><ul><li>technique; </li></ul><ul><li>Tight integration of seismic, core and well log data is </li></ul><ul><li>realized in 3D static model that is more predictive and </li></ul><ul><li>have lower degree of uncertainty associated with them; </li></ul><ul><li>Output result from static modeling is conductivity map. </li></ul><ul><li>This map is useful to define and prove most attractive </li></ul><ul><li>spots with highest oil potential. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Thank you for attention! http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_Bz97zTlEL6U/TPhI9rk8aBI/AAAAAAAABuc/dZvl28QthbU/s1600/P1020294_Estuary.JPG

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