PE SG Principles of Training

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PE SG Principles of Training

  1. 1. Standard Grade Physical Education Principles of Training
  2. 2. Learning Intentions <ul><li>We will know the difference between Aerobic and Anaerobic Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>We will know the names of the 4 different Principles of Training </li></ul><ul><li>We will be able to describe the 4 different Principles of Training. </li></ul>
  3. 3. L.I. 1: Aerobic Fitness <ul><li>Is attainable through low intensity training (65-85% of MHR) and is needed for endurance and ‘recovery’ for the removal of lactic acid. </li></ul><ul><li>Marathon, 1500m, Football, Basketball, Rowing. </li></ul>
  4. 5. L.I. 1: Anaerobic Fitness <ul><li>Involves higher intensity training (85-95% of MHR) and is needed for short explosive bursts of activity. </li></ul><ul><li>Sprinting, Throwing and Jumping events, Weight lifting. </li></ul>
  5. 7. L.I.1: Aerobic and Anaerobic Training. <ul><li>Aerobic training should: </li></ul><ul><li>Be strenuous and prolonged </li></ul><ul><li>Be Between 60% and 85% of Max Heart rate </li></ul><ul><li>Use Large Muscle Groups </li></ul>
  6. 8. L.I.1: Aerobic and Anaerobic Training. <ul><li>Anaerobic Training should: </li></ul><ul><li>Be very strenuous in short bursts </li></ul><ul><li>Be close to 85% of Max Heart Rate </li></ul><ul><li>Include Rest and Recovery periods </li></ul>
  7. 9. L.I. 2/3: Principles of Training <ul><li>Principle 1: </li></ul><ul><li>S _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ </li></ul><ul><li>S P </li></ul><ul><li>S P E </li></ul><ul><li>S P E C </li></ul><ul><li>S P E C I </li></ul><ul><li>S P E C I F </li></ul><ul><li>S P E C I F I </li></ul><ul><li>S P E C I F I C </li></ul><ul><li>S P E C I F I C I </li></ul><ul><li>S P E C I F I C I T </li></ul><ul><li>S P E C I F I C I T Y </li></ul>
  8. 10. L.I 2/3 : Principles of Training <ul><li>Specificity: </li></ul><ul><li>Training must be specific to: </li></ul><ul><li>The sport or activity </li></ul><ul><li>The type of fitness required </li></ul><ul><li>The particular muscle groups </li></ul>
  9. 11. L.I. 2/3: Principles of Training <ul><li>Principle 2: </li></ul><ul><li>O _ _ _ _ _ _ _ </li></ul><ul><li>O V </li></ul><ul><li>O V E </li></ul><ul><li>O V E R </li></ul><ul><li>O V E R L </li></ul><ul><li>O V E R L O </li></ul><ul><li>O V E R L O A </li></ul><ul><li>O V E R L O A D </li></ul>
  10. 12. L.I 2/3: Principles of Training <ul><li>Training must be raised to a higher level than normal to create the extra demands to which the body will adapt. </li></ul><ul><li>F requency I ntensity T ime </li></ul>
  11. 13. L.I. 2/3: Principles of Training <ul><li>Principle 3: </li></ul><ul><li>P _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ </li></ul><ul><li>P R </li></ul><ul><li>P R O </li></ul><ul><li>P R O G </li></ul><ul><li>P R O G E </li></ul><ul><li>P R O G E S </li></ul><ul><li>P R O G E S S </li></ul><ul><li>P R O G E S S I </li></ul><ul><li>P R O G E S S I V </li></ul><ul><li>P R O G E S S I V E </li></ul>
  12. 14. L.I 2/3 Principles of Training <ul><li>Progression: </li></ul><ul><li>As the body adapts to training it progresses </li></ul><ul><li>Progress to next level is achieved by gradual increase in intensity to create and overload </li></ul><ul><li>(Progressive Overload) </li></ul>
  13. 15. L.I. 2/3: Principles of Training <ul><li>Principle 4: </li></ul><ul><li>R _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ </li></ul><ul><li>R E </li></ul><ul><li>R E V </li></ul><ul><li>R E V E </li></ul><ul><li>R E V E R </li></ul><ul><li>R E V E R S </li></ul><ul><li>R E V E R S I </li></ul><ul><li>R E V E R S I B </li></ul><ul><li>R E V E R S I B I </li></ul><ul><li>R E V E R S I B I L </li></ul><ul><li>R E V E R S I B I L I </li></ul><ul><li>R E V E R S I B I L I T </li></ul><ul><li>R E V E R S I B I L I T Y </li></ul>
  14. 16. L.I. 2/3 Principles of Training <ul><li>Reversibility </li></ul><ul><li>Training effects are reversible. If exercise is reduced or stopped, the benefit can be quickly lost. </li></ul><ul><li>Reversibility may occur due to injury, holidays etc. </li></ul>
  15. 17. L.I. Recap <ul><li>Differences between Aerobic exercise and Anaerobic exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Name 4 Principles of Training </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the 4 Principles of Training </li></ul>

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