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Voting Systems - First Past the Post


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Voting Systems - First Past the Post

  1. 1. Representationin the UK andFPTPWhat we will cover;- Who represents us inParliament?- What is First Past thePost?
  2. 2. Who represents us? Single Additional Transferable Members Vote System Party List First Past the Post
  3. 3. First Past the Post Vote in constituencies Cross on ballot paper for candidate/party of your choice Candidate with more votes than anyone else wins All other candidates ‘lose’ There are 650 constituencies in the UK. East Lothian is 1 constituency . Fiona O’Donnell (Labour) is the MP for East Lothian.
  4. 4. East Lothian 2010 Write down 2 conclusions you can makeabout Labour winning the East Lothian seat.
  5. 5. National Result Party with the most seats forms the government. Leader of that party becomes Prime Minister. Party that comes 2nd becomes the opposition.
  6. 6. However in 2010….. No clear winner. Conservative and Liberal Democrat coalition. Leads to difficult votes – Student Fees.
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  8. 8. Strengths of FPTP FPTP is a simple system that people understand. This means more people will choose to vote, so the result is more democratic. 2010 Turnout 65% Everyone knows who their MP is. This makes the MP highly accountable to their constituents. MP Expenses FPTP usually produces a majority government. This means the government is stable will be able to make sure its manifesto promises are kept. Labour had a 64 majority 2001-5. Smaller parties are unlikely to get that much representation are have little effect on power in the Parliament. BNP
  9. 9. Limitations of FPTP More than half the people do not have to vote for the winning candidate in a constituency. This means most people do not feel well represented. E.g. Alan Reid in Argyll and Bute won with 31% of vote (2010). Two thirds of all MPs are elected with less than 50% of support from voters. Many feel that their votes are ‘wasted’ if they do not vote for the winning candidate. Governments are usually elected with less than half the vote e.g. in 2005 Labour won 35%. This means most people in Britain do not feel represented by the Government. Smaller parties find it hard to get support under this system. Labour or Conservatives will always be the parties in Government and Opposition. % of votes a party receives does not equal the % of seats – democratic? Lib Dems 23% of vote 8% of seats in 2010 Can produce ‘tactical voting’ – vote for a party only because they may have a chance of winning over another.
  10. 10. Despite the limitations, peoplelike FPTP.
  11. 11. Activity Write a response to the following statement FPTP is an unfair and undemocratic system and should not be used in the UK anymore.