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Principles for Global Internet Governance

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Os principais princípios para a Internet do futuro: a Internet como um bem público. Os limites para vigilância e proibição da vigilância em massa; mudanças para que software e hardware parem de violar os direitos humanos; a neutralidade da rede, a concorrência e direito do consumidor nos mercados on-line, à luz dos monopólios; regulação transnacional justa e transparente e tributação de empresas globais de internet; e o fim do colonialismo digital de culturas dominantes e línguas on-line.

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Principles for Global Internet Governance

  1. 1. PRINCÍPIOSPARAAGOVERNANÇA GLOBALDAINTERNET C L A U D I A M E L O E R I S H A B B A I L E Y CryptoRave | São Paulo 2014
  2. 2. 2 CLAUDIA MELORISHAB BAILEY D i r e t o r a d e T e c n o l o g i a T h o u g h t W o r k s B r a s i l D i r e c t o r L e g a l o f K C
  3. 3. Source: http://www.computerhistory.org/internet_history/full_size_images/1983_topo.gif
  4. 4. We are creating a world that all may enter without privilege or prejudice accorded by race, economic power, military force, or station of birth. - John Perry Barlow / EFF, 1996 A Declaration of Independence of Cyberspace
  5. 5. A PROMESSA DE UMA INTERNET DEMOCRÁTICA 5
  6. 6. The Internet is our best hope…. for the world finally starting to become a global community and everybody just getting along with everyone else. The Internet offers a tremendous ’Peace dividend’ resulting from improved communications with and improved knowledge of other people, countries and cultures. - Bulashova and Cole, 1995 - Harley Hahn, 1993
  7. 7. Schultz, T. 2000. “Mass media and the concept of interactivity: an exploratory study of online forums and reader email” A esperança é que a nova mídia vai facilitar os processos de consenso em que os participantes irão participar de um discurso público livre dos imperativos do dinheiro e poder. - Schultz, 2000.
  8. 8. 2013: UMA PROMESSA QUEBRADA 8
  9. 9. Smart technologies are not just disruptive; they can also preserve the status quo. Revolutionary in theory, they are often reactionary in practice. - Evgeny Morozov, “Net Delusion” In a broadcast society, there were gatekeepers and editors that controlled information flows. The Internet allowed us all to connect together, and it was awesome. But that’s not actually what’s happening right now.” - Eli Pariser, “Filter Bubble”
  10. 10. Source: Gregory Rule, Interactivity and Democracy in Online Media Comunicação mediada por computador geralmente não faz jus ao discurso democrático…as desigualdades e exclusões que resultam da distribuição desigual de poder na sociedade tendem a ser reproduzida no ambiente online.
  11. 11. Vigilância em massa Colonialismo Digital Privatização do conhecimento Monopólio Controle político e econômico Controle da infraestrutura A INTERNET ESTÁ QUEBRADA
  12. 12. CONTROLEDA INFRAESTRUTURA
  13. 13. Source: Telegeography.com INFRA-ESTRUTURA LATINO-AMERICANA NÃO ESTÁ EM NOSSAS MÃOS
  14. 14. Global telecommunications traffic flows in 2010 (millions of minutes) Traffic flows (Mbps) Source: Rogers/TeleGeography FLUXO DE COMUNICAÇÃO: MAIORIA PASSA PELOS USA
  15. 15. ONDE FICAM OS DATA CENTERS? Source: http://www.datacentermap.com/cloud.html
  16. 16. INTERCEPTANDO COMUNICAÇÕES DENTRO DA AT&T (FOLSOM STREET) Source: Electronic Frontier Foundation, https://www.eff.org/nsa-spying
  17. 17. Source:WashingtonPost
  18. 18. US Gov’t Interest In Domain Name Veto Represents Yet Another PR Nightmare Ridiculously Broad Ruling Against DVD Ripper Software Has Court Allow Seizure Of Domains, Social Media & More http://motherboard.vice.com/blog/a-us-judge-erased-a-chinese-company-from-the-web-because-of-copyright http://www.techdirt.com/articles/20140310/16392526519/ridiculously-broad-ruling-against-dvd-ripper-software-has-court-allow- seizure-domains-social-media-more.shtml Source:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Root_name_server
  19. 19. VIGILÂNCIA E CONTROLE O que significa o controle da infraestrutura?
  20. 20. MONOPÓLIO
  21. 21. Read more: http://www.knowledgecommons.in/brasil/?page_id=88
  22. 22. Read more: http://www.knowledgecommons.in/brasil/?page_id=88
  23. 23. DATA CENTERS DO GOOGLE (2008) Source: http://tctechcrunch2011.files.wordpress.com/2008/04/google-data-center-map-world.jpg
  24. 24. “Vigilância é um esporte coletivo”
  25. 25. SERVERS ROUTERS ROOM SURVEILLANCE WIRELESS LAN MOBILE NETWORKS CELL PHONES USB COMPUTERS & MONITORS KEYBOARDS Source: Der Spiegel CONTROLE DE (QUASE) TUDO?
  26. 26. CONTROLEPOLÍTICO EECONÔMICO
  27. 27. Source: http://www.docstoc.com/docs/76546731/ICANN-GAC-Organization QUEM OS ELEGEU?
  28. 28. Source: Wikipedia CORTANDO O OXIGÊNIO Vice-presidente do PayPal falando sobre o bloqueio ao WikiLeaks: “O Departamento de Estado disse que aquilo era ilegal”
  29. 29. ALVOS "TERRORISTAS” OU "DOMINAÇÃO ECONÔMICA E HEGEMONIA POLÍTICA”?
  30. 30. 97,000,000,000 pieces of intelligence collected Verizon/ AT&T Stellar Wind Spinner Net PRISM Moonlight Path Shell Trumpet Master The Internet Iran 14b Pakistan 13b Jordan 13b Egypt 8b India 6b Germany 0.5b USA 3b … … Mar ‘13 Email Web Phone Source: Guardian/ Washington Post
  31. 31. 32
  32. 32. The Guardian, http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2013/jun/16/gchq-intercepted-communications-g20-summits
  33. 33. Source: http://gadebate.un.org/68/brazil
  34. 34. PRIVATIZAÇÃO DOCONHECIMENTO
  35. 35. HOW DOES THIS HELP SOCIETY? Source:DroidMatters
  36. 36. Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/17/technology/a-bull-market-in-tech-patents.html “Um smartphone pode estar aberto a 250.000 pedidos de patentes, diz Google”
  37. 37. CONHECIMENTO ABERTO COMO BEM PÚBLICO
  38. 38. Source: http://www.dailytech.com/Netflix+CEO+Warns+of+Possible+Grim+Future+PostNet+Neutrality/article34189.htm
  39. 39. CONHECIMENTO ABERTO COMO BEM PÚBLICO
  40. 40. Source: http://hri.ugis.berkeley.edu/content/human-rights-uc-berkeley
  41. 41. Of the 6000+ cases analysed under the UDRP, in instances where a critical website has been proceeded against – transfer or rights is mandated in 67% of cases. WHERE’S THE 1ST AMENDMENT NOW? Read more: Milton Mueller, cf. Dawn C Nunziato, Freedom of Expression, Democratic Norms, and Internet Governance, 2003
  42. 42. SNOWDENMANNING SWARTZ HAMMOND PROCESSADOS POR ACORDAR TODA A HUMANIDADE
  43. 43. ” Aquele que sacrifica liberdade por segurança, não merece nenhuma da duas” – Benjamin Franklin Source: Various ANTI-TERRORISMO COMO JUSTIFICATIVA PARA TUDO
  44. 44. ELES PODEM USAR METADADOS PARA MAPEAR CADA PASSO SEU http://teachingmedialiteracy.pbworks.com/w/page/19924160/MediaOwnership
  45. 45. Source:nrc.nl MAIS DE 50.000 REDES INFECTADAS COM SOFTWARE MALICIOSO!
  46. 46. Source:Various PRECISAMOS DESMILITARIZAR A INTERNET “Five Eyes” NSA data center, Maryland NSA data center, Utah GCHQ data center, UK
  47. 47. COLONIALISMO DIGITAL
  48. 48. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/indiahome/indianews/article-2327025/VISUAL-EDIT-What-language-does-internet-speak-Not- ours.html
  49. 49. O MUNDO OLHA PARA A AMÉRICA DO SUL! Source: Marxists.org
  50. 50. 57 #1.THEINTERNETSHOULDBEVIEWED ASAGLOBALCOMMONSRATHER THANMERELYAMARKETPLACEAND SHOULDNEVERBEATHEATREOFWAR. Our submission to NetMundial: http://content.netmundial.br/contribution/towards-reform-of-global-internet-governance/240
  51. 51. 58 #2.DRAGNETSURVEILLANCE, ECONOMICESPIONAGEAND NETWORKSABOTAGEARENOT LEGITIMATEACTIVITIESANDSHOULD BEEXPLICITLYOUTLAWED.
  52. 52. 59 #3.COMPETITIONLAW,CONSUMER LAWANDOPENINTEROPERABILITY STANDARDSNEEDTOAPPLYTO ONLINEMARKETS.
  53. 53. 60 #4.UNREGULATED,NON- TRANSPARENTAND DISPROPORTIONATESTATECONTROLS THATCONDUCTMASSSURVEILLANCE OFCITIZENSVIOLATESFREEDOMOF SPEECHANDOTHERFUNDAMENTAL HUMANRIGHTSMUSTBEOUTLAWED.
  54. 54. 61 #5.THEINFORMATIONTHAT COMPANIESCANCOLLECT,STOREAND USEONUSERSMUSTBERESTRICTED.
  55. 55. 62 #6.DIGITALCOLONIALISMMUSTBE RECOGNIZEDANDADDRESSED.
  56. 56. 63 MANYOFTHESOLUTIONSFORTHE FUTUREOFINTERNETGOVERNANCE ARETECHNICAL,ANDWITHOUTA TECHNICALGROUNDING,MANYOF THEPOLICYANDLEGALFRAMEWORKS MIGHTBEMEANINGLESS. Our tech submission to NetMundial: http://content.netmundial.br/contribution/towards-reform-of-global- internet-technical-framework/270
  57. 57. OBRIGADA C L A U D I A M E L O c m e l o @ t h o u g h t w o r k s . c o m @ c l a u d i a _ m e l o R I S H A B B A I L E Y r i s h a b . b a i l e y @ g m a i l . c o m

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