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Presentación Tesis "Media Archaeology and Education: Magic Lantern Slides in Spain as a Case Study"

Tesis doctoral
Autora: Carmen López San Segundo
Director de tesis: Pablo Del Río Pereda

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Presentación Tesis "Media Archaeology and Education: Magic Lantern Slides in Spain as a Case Study"

  1. 1. PROGRAMA DEPROGRAMA DE DOCTORADODOCTORADO FORMACIÓN EN LAFORMACIÓN EN LA SOCIEDAD DELSOCIEDAD DEL CONOCIMIENTOCONOCIMIENTO Media Archaeology and Education: Magic Lantern Slides in Spain as a Case Study Doctoral Thesis Submitted by Carmen López San Segundo Thesis Supervisor Pablo Del Río Pereda Administrative Supervisor Juan José Igartua Perosanz September, 28th 2018 AMPA Million Pictures
  2. 2. AMPA Million Pictures DOCTORAL THESIS Media Archaeology and Education: Magic Lantern Slides in Spain as a Case Study Object of Study: Magic Lantern Slides General Objectives and Research Questions Theoretical-Methodological Framework Empirical Studies Join Didactic Results Conclusions 1938. Ilustration of Anton Franciscus Pieck. Domestic Session of Magic Lantern Cramer-Schaap D.A Future Researchs
  3. 3. AMPA Million Pictures OBJECT OF STUDY: MAGIC LANTERN SLIDES Media Archaeology and Education: Magic Lantern Slides in Spain as a Case Study Magic Lantern Slide Telescopic & Cyclical & Hand-painting. Museu del Cinema. Col·lecció Tomàs Mallol, 11, 3 x 22, 8 x 1,6 cm Magic Lantern Slide Telescopic & Rectangular & Hand-painting. Museu del Cinema. Col.lecció Tomàs Mallol, 10,1 x 38 x 0, 7 cm The object of study are the projection slides scattered in the patrimonial funds of the Spanish state related with their didactic potential Tale of a Tube & Hand-painting. Catalunya Film Library Twelve slide of the set Gehirm und Nervensystem; Set of 12 Slides. Herz und Kreislauf. H.E. Isabel La Católica (Madrid)
  4. 4. AMPA Million Pictures The Magic Lantern in Spain Invention Emergence Consolidation Institutionalization Decadence OBJECT OF STUDY: MAGIC LANTERN SLIDES IN SPAIN Media Archaeology and Education: Magic Lantern Slides in Spain as a Case Study N.D. La Lanterne Magique. Le Nouveau Jeu des Cris de Paris, dédié aux Amateurs. Bibliothèque Nationale of France 1890. Scientific Conference Spanish Film Library 1849. Magasine pittoresque 53 Bibliothèque nationale de France 1850. Tete de monstre à langue rouge. Museu del Cinema Co.lecció Tomás Mallol 1790. Four magic lantern slide set. Museu del Cinema Co.lecció Tomás Mallol 1887. A Visit to Japan. The Land of the Rising Sun Spanish Film Library
  5. 5. OBJECTIVES a) To understand the role played by the slides in the renewal of the scientific teaching of Spanish High School in the first third of the 20th century b) To develop a classification for the magic lantern slides scattered in Spain that will serve to implement a Web application for its didactic interpretation RESEARCH QUESTIONS How to organize, understand and take advantage of the magical lantern teaching potential slides scattered in the patrimonial funds of the Spanish state? Is Content analysis a good method for organizing and interpreting projection slides located throughout Spain? AMPA Million Pictures GENERAL OBJECTIVES AND RESEARCH QUESTIONS Media Archaeology and Education: Magic Lantern Slides in Spain as a Case Study
  6. 6. This thesis was made from the union of various fields of knowledge, as diverse as Communication Sciences, History, Archeology, Documentation and Didactic of the Cultural Heritage Gathering theories and notions coming from very heterogeneous academic fields as • Media Archaeology • Posts-Proccesual and Contextual Archaeology • Genetic-Cultural approaches It was elaborated using the Content Analysis Methodology AMPA Million Pictures THEORETICAL-METHODOLOGICAL FRAMEWORK Media Archaeology and Education: Magic Lantern Slides in Spain as a Case Study
  7. 7. • Content analysis as a scientific technique allows to investigate any material of human communication • It is a methodological tool for the organization, interpretation and didactic exploitation of the magic lantern slides scattered in the patrimonial funds of the Spanish territory AMPA Million Pictures METODOLOGY: CONTENT ANALYSIS Media Archaeology and Education: Magic Lantern Slides in Spain as a Case Study STEPS 1. To formulate the objectives and questions of the research 2. To conceptualize the relevant variables 3. To make the relevant variables operative 4. To elaborate the Codebook and the Coding Form 5. Sample Group Study 6. To train the encoding process 7. To encode the sample 8. To check the reliability of the coding process 9. Results Validity test Lantern slides
  8. 8. EMPIRICAL STUDIES Media Archaeology and Education: Magic Lantern Slides in Spain as a Case Study 2. A MILLION PICTURES: MAGIC LANTERN SLIDE HERITAGE AS ARTEFACTS IN THE COMMON EUROPEAN HISTORY OF LEARNING (AMP) 2016. Logo. C. López San Segundo Source: Peter Guerin. Six photographies of several french educational Institutions. Where the magic lanterns were used. From left to right and from top to bottom: Ecole Commerciale Paris, Ecole des Mines et de Métallurgie-Faculté technique du Hainaut, Institut National Agronomique, La Sorbonne Paris amphi Guizot, Le Likès Quimper and Institut des Sœurs de S.S. Cœurs Ninove 1. DYNAMICS OF EDUCATIONAL AND SCIENTIFIC RENOVATION IN HIGH SCHOOL CLASSROOMS (1900-1936): AN IBERIAN PERSPECTIVE
  9. 9. 1. Dynamics of Educational and Scientific Renovation in High School Classrooms (1900-1936): An Iberian Perspective Since June 25, 2015 until May, 31 2018 the project studied the educational and scientific heritage that comes from the classrooms of the Spanish and Portuguese Secondary High Schools focuses on the first third of the 20th century (1900-1936) GENERAL OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT v To analysis of the profile of teachers who worked in the classrooms of Spanish and Portuguese Secondary Schools from a socio-professional approaches v Determine the impact of the pedagogical innovations in society v Offering a global image of the scientific materials that were acquired for the cabinets and laboratories of Secondary Schools H.S. Isabel la Católica (Madrid) AMPA Million Pictures Geology (Benzinger, 8,5 x 10 cm). H.S. Isabel la Católica (Madrid)
  10. 10. 1. Dynamics of Educational and Scientific Renovation in High School Classrooms (1900-1936): An Iberian Perspective OUR ROLE IN THE PROJECT OBJECTIVES a. Investigate the function played by the diascopic slides as elements of material culture in the renewal of the scientific teaching of Spanish High School in the first third of the 20th century (1900-1936) b. Develop a content analysis protocol -especially, with the implementation of a codebook- that will facilitate the organization, interpretation and updating of the didactic potential of magic lantern slides OUR PRACTICAL OBJECTIVE To explore and know for promote the standardize of the databases related to diascopic slides. The slides remain in the Historical Institutes in order to their possible incorporation in LINTERNAUTA WEB APP METHODOLOGY Content Analysis has been used in the diascopic or standard set of slides related with scientific, educational heritage all over the Historical High School in Spain AMPA Million Pictures
  11. 11. RESEARCH QUESTIONS 1. What types of scientific contents are represented in the collections of diascopic slides that can be found in the Historical Secondary Schools? 2. What type of educational approach was used to represent academic contents in the collections of slides? 3. What is the country of origin of the collections of slides? 4. What type of technique was used to produce the images of the slides? 5. What is the degree of codification of the collections of slides? 6. What types of cultural traditions were used as a reference to represent academic contents in the collections of slides? 1. Dynamics of Educational and Scientific Renovation in High School Classrooms (1900-1936): An Iberian Perspective AMPA Million Pictures
  12. 12. CODEBOOK The relevant variables are related to production, exhibition and reception conditions of the magic lantern slides located in Secondary School Classrooms in the first third of the 20th century. Inform about guidelines and routines of producers, distributors, teachers and students in the context of educative sessions and categorised according to: v Scientific fields and Educational Frameworks v Cultural Tradition of Reference v Country of Origin v Production Techniques: Registration and Coding Scenic Complexity 1. Dynamics of Educational and Scientific Renovation in High School Classrooms (1900-1936): An Iberian Perspective AMPA Million Pictures
  13. 13. 1. Dynamics of Educational and Scientific Renovation in High School Classrooms (1900-1936): An Iberian Perspective AMPA Million Pictures v Cardenal Cisneros Secondary School (Madrid): 29 collections, 377 slides v Isabel la Católica Secondary School (Madrid): 8 collections, 49 slides v San Isidro Secondary School (Madrid): 21 collections, 312 slides v El Greco Secondary School (Toledo): 11 collections, 120 slides SAMPLE The sample chosen to carry out the Content Analysis were the collections of magic lantern slides available in the web repository Virtual Library of Bibliographic Heritage that belong to the following Spanish Higher Education Historical Institutes: Slide Set of Botanical Genre: Fruits. H.E Cardenal Cisneros (Madrid)
  14. 14. 1. Dynamics of Educational and Scientific Renovation in High School Classrooms (1900-1936): An Iberian Perspective AMPA Million Pictures RESULTS: RESEARCH QUESTIONS Aufnahme nach Lebensbilder aus der Tierwelt Europas (Benzinger, 8,5 x 10 cm) H.S. Isabel La Católica Lebensgeschichte eines Hühnchens im Ei (Stempell, 8,5 x 10 cm) H.S. Isabel La Católica First Research Question Second Research Question
  15. 15. 1.Dynamics of Educational and Scientific Renovation in High School Classrooms (1900-1936): An Iberian Perspective AMPA Million Pictures RESULTS: RESEARCH QUESTIONS Gehirm und Nervensystem; Herz und Kreislauf (Liesegang, 8,5 x 10 cm) H.S. Isabel la Católica Third Research Question Sixth Research Question 1900. Four à éteindre. Industrie du verre et du cristal. Molteni&Radriguet (France, 10 x 8,5 x 0,3 cm) H.S. Isabel la Católica
  16. 16. RESULTS: RESEARCH QUESTIONS • The results related to the 4th question are suppressed because the variables related to this question (‘production technique: registration and coding’) have not been reached, the minimum desirable value in the intercoding reliability indexes that guarantee the consistency of their results. • The results related to 5th question are also suppressed because the analysts could not access sufficient complementary data to choose with sufficient guarantees among the three categories of the variable 'scenic complexity' 1. Dynamics of Educational and Scientific Renovation in High School Classrooms (1900-1936): An Iberian Perspective AMPA Million Pictures
  17. 17. Since 1 June 2015 until 31 May 2018 researchers from the Universities of Utrecht (NL), Exeter (UK), Antwerp (BE), Girona (ES) and Salamanca (ES) carried out research on lantern slides, in close cooperation with museums, archives, curators, researchers in other institutions, people working in the creative industries and collectors GENERAL OBJECTIVES 1. This project was enable research on lantern slides/ sets that were used for educative purposes in Europe: it examined the slides and their use as didactic tool in educative processes of audiovisual nature in different European societies between the 17th and the 20th centuries, but mostly of the nineteenth century 2. To develop a standard for documentation and conservation of magic lantern slides that serve the needs of various stakeholders, in the form of a guideline/best practice. 2. A Million Pictures: Magic Lantern Slide Heritage as Artefacts in the Common European History of Learning https://a-million-pictures.wp.hum.uu.nl/
  18. 18. OUR ROLE IN THE PROJECT OBJECTIVES To classify magic lantern slides to obtain a controlled and hierarchical vocabulary that provides information on the nature of the slides as media messages to design a web app RESEARCH QUESTIONS Might speech genre be a sufficiently productive criterion for organizing the cultural content of magic lantern slides? METHODOLOGY Content analysis is a scientific method for organizing and interpreting the collections of projection slides 2. A Million Pictures: Magic Lantern Slide Heritage as Artefacts in the Common European History of Learning AMPA Million Pictures
  19. 19. The codebook divided the variables chosen to operationalize speech genre as the formal and social mediating mechanism into two large groups: 1. A group relating to ‘performance exhibition and production conditions’, which was made up of 3 variables ‘commercial orientation of the device’, ‘social context’ and ‘performance complexity’ 2. A group on ‘conditions of reception of cultural content’, which was made up of 116 variables that connect the speech genre of magic lantern slides with the major cultural traditions for conveying content: visual, musical, literary and scientific CODEBOOK 2. A Million Pictures: Magic Lantern Slide Heritage as Artefacts in the Common European History of Learning AMPA Million Pictures
  20. 20. v 52 sets of projection slides deposited in the Historical High Schools available at the Web repository of the Virtual Library of Bibliographic Heritage v 146 sets of magic lantern slides from the Museu del Cinema Col·lecció Tomàs Mallol Slide Set of The History of Aviation. Museo del Cinema Co.lecció Tomás Mallol 2. A Million Pictures: Magic Lantern Slide Heritage as Artefacts in the Common European History of Learning AMPA Million Pictures SAMPLE
  21. 21. A controlled VOCABULARY that facilitates the classification of magic lantern slides according to their discursive genre RESULTS 2. A Million Pictures: Magic Lantern Slide Heritage as Artefacts in the Common European History of Learning AMPA Million Pictures AUTONOMOUS GENRE DEPENDENT GENRE PERFORMANCE GENRE Phantasmagoria genre Microscopic genre Drama genre Adventure genre Religious genre Burlesque genre Title genre Astronomical genre Musical genre Romance genre Zoological genre Topical genre Anthropological genre Advertising genre Historical genre Everyday genre Geographical genre Tale genre Artistic genre Sequential art genre Botanical genre Technological genre Agrarian genre Health genre
  22. 22. AMPA Million Pictures Media Archaeology and Education: Magic Lantern Slides in Spain as a Case Study http://linternauta.docenciavirtual.es LINTERNAUTA AS A JOINT DIDACTIC RESULT
  23. 23. Media Archaeology and Education: Magic Lantern Slides in Spain as a Case Study http://linternauta.docenciavirtual.es 2. A Million Pictures: Magic Lantern Slide Heritage as Artefacts in the Common European History of Learning
  24. 24. CONCLUSIONS Media Archaeology and Education: Magic Lantern Slides in Spain as a Case Study AMPA Million Pictures THEORETICAL CONTRIBUTION Media Archaeology + Posts-procesual & Contextual Archaeology + Approches Genetic-Cultural METHODOLOGICAL CONTRIBUTION Use Content Analysis to design • The Genres Vocabulary • Linternauta Web Application STRENGTHS LIMITATIONS 1866. Sequential Art Genre. Museu del Cinema Co.lecció Tomás Mallol
  25. 25. FUTURE RESEARCHS AMPA Million Pictures Interpreting and Socializing Magic Lantern Slides: Strategies for Spain’s Educational Communities a. The content of magic lantern slides had a highly important historical role in the socialization of scientific culture in educational communities in Spain between 1845 and 1936. b. To socialize magic lantern slides in the current context of the educational communities in Spain, it is necessary to combine heritage focused education and citizen participation, as dictated by the current National Education and Heritage Plan 1890. Molí i cromatropi. Museu del Cinema Co.lecció Tomás Mallol
  26. 26. AMPA Million Pictures

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