Salzburg workshop 2014 introduction by Scira Menoni

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Salzburg workshop 2014 introduction by Scira Menoni

  1. 1. 05/06/2014 1 Enabling knowledge for disaster risk reduction in integration to climate change adaptation Salzburg, Austria – 27-28 May 2014 Scira Menoni – Politecnico di Milano, Italy (on behalf of Polimi team: FabrizioAmarilli, Funda Atun, Francesco Ballio, Maria Pia Boni, Grazia Concilio, Bruna De Marchi, Ouejdane Mejri, Giulia Pesaro, Gigi Plebani, Juergen Weichlesgartner) Participant no. * Participant organisation name Country 1 (Coordinator) Politecnico di Milano (POLIMI) Italy 2 Harokopio University Greece 3 Agencia Estatal Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) Spain 4 Development Workshop France (DWF) France 5 University of Salzburg (PLUS) Austria 6 United Nations University - Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS) Germany 7 Université de Savoie France 8 Eurac Italy 9 Adelphi Germany 10 TiConUno Italy 11 Centro de Investigactiones y Estudios Superiores en Antropologia Social (CIESAS) Mexico
  2. 2. 05/06/2014 2 Under conditions of uncertainty, effective management requires that societies do more than merely acquire knowledge: they must also change their behavior in response to new understandings about how the world operates. […] In situations where a multiplicity of stakeholders are present, the key is not to try to reach consensus on all values and meanings but to create some common values and shared meanings through processes that promote the development of mutual recognition of the legitimacy of the interests of the others. (McLain, Lee, Adaptive Management: premises and pitfalls, Env. Man., 1996) The Know4drr project: the initial proposal WP3 and WP4: Developing a knowledge management framework for DRR . Setting the base of system structuring the knowledge developed within the project. Understanding how new legislation and policy making activities embed new and old knowledge on DRR and CCA…. WP1 and WP2 Who knows what, including within the partners’consortium. Mapping knowledge flows among different social groups and within each social group… WP5 Making dissemination part of the project, learning how to share with others what we do, why we do it, including with a larger public….
  3. 3. 05/06/2014 3 WP1. Setting the floor for common interdisciplinary work. The first deliverable: Agreement paper on shared and common work within the consortium Partner Number Title of publication J.Weichselga rtner 1 Cash, D.W., Clark, W.C., Alcock, F., Dickson, N.M., Eckley, N., Guston, D.H., Jäger, J. & Mitchell, R.B. (2003): Knowledge systems for sustainable development. PNAS (100): 8086-8091. J.Weichselga rtner 2 Jasanoff, S. (2004): States of knowledge: The co-production of science and social order. London, Routledge. POLIMI 3 Ginzburg C. Morelli, Freud and Scherlock Holmes: Clues and Scientific Method http://www.clas.ufl.edu/users/burt/GinzburgMorelliFreudHolmes.pdf POLIMI 4 Davenport T.H., Prusak L. 2000. Working Knowledge: How Organizations Manage What they Know. http://wang.ist.psu.edu/course/05/IST597/papers/Davenport_know.pd f J.Weichselga rtner 5 Hessels, L.K. & van Lente, H. (2008). Re-thinking new knowledge production: A literature review and a research agenda. Research Policy (37): 740-760. CIESAS and ADELPHI 6 WHITE, G.F., KATES, R.W., BURTON, I. Knowing better and losing even more: the use of knowledge in hazard management. Global Environmental Change Part B: Environmental Hazards 3 (3–4), 81–92. 2001. PLUS and ADELPHI 7 Weichselgartner, J., and Kasperson, R. (2010): Barriers in the science- policy-practice interface: toward a knowledge-action-system in global environmental change research. Global Environmental Change, 20, 266- 277.
  4. 4. 05/06/2014 4 WP1. Who knows what and what are the barriers to knowledge enaction Analysis of knowledge in DRR and CCA as developed and used by different «social groups» WP1. Who knows what and what are the barriers to knowledge enaction Analysis of knowledge in DRR and CCA as developed and used by different «social groups»
  5. 5. 05/06/2014 5 WP2. Mapping knowledge flows among stakeholders and across different «social groups» How can we define knowledge in DRR and CCA? WP2. Mapping knowledge flows among stakeholders and across different «social groups» How can we define knowledge in DRR and CCA?
  6. 6. 05/06/2014 6 The living labs of the project Real life laboratories: cases where we are actively interacting and involved in decision making processes and can suggest to test ongoing developments and results of the Know-4-drr project Living Lab Living labs are constituted by case studies that provide a unique opportunity to interact with stakeholders on the topics brought by the project. The do not serve as observational arenas, but permit a much stronger involvement of project partners in given activities to be agreed upon with institutional stakeholders. Thanks to the special links that some of the partners have established with stakeholders of the living labs, it will be possible to experiment some tools and methods that will be proposed by KNOW-4-DRR. The living labs will provide material for in depth analysis and representation of how enhanced exchange and co-production of knowledge across some or all of the social groups may occur or is hampered in different contexts.The cases consist of a well balanced sample of different scales at which decisions are made (national, interregional, and local) and where therefore different stakeholders from all social groups considered in the knowledge management framework are involved. Three living labs will be carried out during the project: the Vietnam case, the Po Riverbasin case in Italy, and the Lorca Municipality case in Spain. Learn more about these living labs in the following boxes. WP4. Monitoring of legislative and policy making activities in the EU and internationally How new legislation embeds knowledge that has been developed insofar and what are the conditions for implementing laws, regulations and decisions?
  7. 7. 05/06/2014 7 WP5 Dissemination closely interacting with projects’ activities, as it is a coordination action In the input paper we delivered for GAR 15 we suggested that one way of enhancing co-working capacity among a variety of stakeholders is not only to provide «translations» but to become able to share visions and problem framing even holding different perspectives and views… WP5 Dissemination How to create links with the world outside the project. Trying to develop a rich wesite, with several growing links with many others with which actual co- work is programmed or ongoing http://www.know4drr.polimi.it/
  8. 8. 05/06/2014 8 WP5 Dissemination Together with TiconUno, developing videos for a webTV and an important national Italian radio (radio 24). Learning how to make risk prevention and mitigation interesting for a larger public, providing scientific information and knowledge in forms that are both appealing and making ourselves understandable by other publics… WP5 Dissemination Together with TiconUno, developing videos for a webTV and an important national Italian radio (radio 24). Learning how to make risk prevention and mitigation interesting for a larger public, providing scientific information and knowledge in forms that are both appealing and making ourselves understandable by other publics…
  9. 9. 05/06/2014 9 WP5 The workshops and seminars of the project of the project At the workshop that was held in Bozen last December we had a nice experience playing the «Flood control game» developed by young ex-students of Rotterdam University together with representatives of regional and provincial civil protection authorities, the director of the Po riverbasinAuthority, Municipality of Volos, Greece. Fun but also made us think a lot…about resilience, uncertainty in decision making under strong pressure and stress… WP5 The workshops and seminars of the project Two other seminars were organised, one in Spain with representatives of civil protection authorities, universities, lawyers working on environmental trials.The goal being to organise a second seminar next November on the issue of «liability in the field of risk management». The second seminar was organised in Greece on the issue of prevention in times of financial crisis. How the financial crisis has impacted on the ongoing activities of civil protection authorities and environmental ministries?
  10. 10. 05/06/2014 10 WP3 Developing a knowledge management framework for DRR . Setting the base of system structuring the knowledge developed within the project. It is therefore a meta-object, structuring knowledge on knowledge (regarding DRR and CC mitigation, adaptation and prevention measures) Structured content Unstructured content Example “Data which can be stored int tables”. I.e. historical measurements of a specific parameter “Data which cannot be stored into tables”. I.e. maps, texts, procedures and regulations, etc. Technology to store data Relational DBMS (Oracle, MS SQL Server, MySQL, …) - Repository - Indexing technologies - NoSQL DBMS (Alfresco, Box, CouchDB, …) Technology to extract data SQL queries and languages supporting structured queries Meta-search engines, SQL-like queries, tagging engines. Support to unstructured queries (Google Search Appliance, Vivisimo, etc.) Cost of management and extraction of information If the contents to be recorded are structures, The process of recording is simple. If the contents are unstructured and need to be transformed and reorganized, the process is long and expensive The process of recording content is simple in any case. Knowledge Base (meta-info) Knowledge in the Web classifica on Ins tu onal sites Social Media Other sources Knowledge retrieval Retrieve links Knowledge usage Knoweldge user Knoweldge provider Publish docs & tools WP3 Developing a knowledge management framework for DRR . So we are going to propose: - to analyse and provide one possible interpretation of the knowledge embedded and required to navigate in a mindful way and manage the information stored in one of the platform that is already oriented as or built as a “knowledge management system”. No a guide to the site, but a meta-interpretation and meta-navigation of its content - develop the architecture of a knowledge management system for our living labs - provide an example of application of the architecture on one of the living labs of the project
  11. 11. 05/06/2014 11 WP3 Developing a knowledge management framework for DRR . So here are some questions for you to consider during this day and a half of discussion among networks active in DRR and CCA: - what would you consider as fundamental knowledge to be shared in a knolwedge management system built as an open platform? - can such knoweldge management system be not just a place to share knowledge, to make it more visible, but also to «produce» new knoweldege. Is this too ambitious for now? - what are fundamental contents you would not neglect in the development of such a system? That is, what are the contents that we should provide, about what topics do you think we should provide elements for deeper understanding, and discussion? 22 WP3 Developing a knowledge management framework for DRR . Proposals from the Greek team after several focus groups and one workshop organised on the issue of risk prevention and mangagement in an area of financial crisis
  12. 12. 05/06/2014 12 23 Dealing with networks and with the «open avatar» or the «new media» 24 WP3 Developing a knowledge management framework for DRR . Quotation from Mejri and Hagi «La rivolta dei dittatoriati» (the rebellion of the people subjugated to dictatorship), telling about the Tunisian Spring It was when anyone got access to Facebook as a tool to look at the true reality that we, people subjugated to the dictatorship, have transformed the internet space in a free space. Facebook as a tool to look at the true reality not just as a tool to write feelings, share vacation pictures or look for old schoolmates. The network of «virtual» relationships has become the place where the most trustworthy representations of the actual events could be found. As the space disappears and the time shrinks in those new communication media, a new dimension emerges in which a very large number and variety of potential speakers may express themselves.
  13. 13. 05/06/2014 13 So this is one of the objectives of this meeting, another one being to make representatives of networks meet, discuss, share knowledge. One complex aspect of this project is that we are not addressing topics, hazards, risks, but rather knowledge on topics, hazards, risks, and very important knowledge on prevention and mitigation. This means also knowledge about how things work in public administration and governmental authorities, how they work in the different sectors (public, private) that have been discussed in WP1. I would really like to thank Raphael Spiekermann, Stefan Kienberger, Peter Zeil from the Paris Lodron University in Salzburg, Austria for their great effort and substantial work invested in organising this workshp!

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